OCR Interpretation

The evening times. (Grand Forks, N.D.) 1906-1914, June 30, 1906, Image 11

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042373/1906-06-30/ed-1/seq-11/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

•M in New York and ends: in extremis.' It
to conceived to satisfy some passing
'b' whim, or to fit some popular "star,"
,A »nd the authora of it receive their ln
'i jinstructions, like a dressmaker takes her
j?', •orders—-so much for the material and
BO much for making it up. It may live
tor two years,-but it". Invariably dies
.. from exhaustion of public tolerance.
!Wheir a play succeeds, it is. said to
"havemade a "hit" And the blow is
V, always .unexpected. Plays that pass in
•^rihenight are- the rule-—the exception
.achieves popularity in the face of
precedents. A case ih point is that
»sp|^bf a play called "The Music Master,"
written "around" David Warfleld, pre
»$jj^viouBly a Hebrew Impersonator, and
Sfijthe creator of those parts played in
^Australia by Barney Bernard. Rescued
u§g«rom burlesque by Mr. David Belasco,
IV% this actor was given his chance in the
"legitimate," but, as it was in the
*v nature of a sporting venture on the
part of Mr. Belasco, the piece, was de
_"^8lgned as the least expensive produc
"tio® possible. Unexpectedly, therefore!
1 Music Master" .became a New
the late Charles Arnold hurried
across the Atlantic to bargain for the
Mm rights tor Australia,, Mr. Belasco has
Mis presistently declined to allow a single
copy of -the manuscript to leave his
'l""- A———-"—
1 hands, and 'has temporarily cornered
the. crying, market.
There is only one Dav^d Belasco in
'pi,' America, however, and as a rule the
New York play is pathetic from ah en
tirely different standpoint Exclud
ing th,e author of "Zaza," "The„Darl^
ing of the Gods," "Adrea," "The Heart
of Maryland," &c.,one looks almost
To Sch6ol
Hat* ofallahapes and shades In
•traw and other materlals, (or or
dinary wear. The haU are not or
dinary, thouKh, In the aenie of not
being stylish and becoming. All
thla season's stock. Not an' old one
among, them.: The charming fancies
and conceits which this form of
millinery take* on each season are
truljr remarkable, considering the
low. cost of .the same. You can al
ways depend :Upon us. for having the
most desirable Ideas" in millinery.
In order to fill a car and set «pe
clai low rates on 8LATB BLACK
will make a SPECIAL low PR1CH
during' the month of June. Order
now, for future shipment
The average American play begins
It has already "run"
and instill turning away
money. Its merit lias^in making peo-
.weep by the' simplest process.
|XV?! While the nftct'elaborate* plans to re
||fl^,duce New'-York'' to tearshave {ailed
j^'l#. ©'Mr. Belaspo has succeeded in the story
music-teacher whose daughter
stolen from him, to return in
'oture years -as his pupil/ Whatever
Dsychologlcal reason compelled a cold
flooded community like Ne# York to
such a tearful interest in this
"t%|: little episode it would be impossible to'
:M discover.. Yet people come from all
fwfvl parts of the country- tb share in the
general weep. English managers are
||jM bidding the highest prices tor the play.
We have made
arrangements to furnish at LOW
for cash -i- Her
Pianos, and many other Houc
articles. State your wants and get
our .catalog and prices.
Geo. W. Colboni Supply Go.
Tick* A|«al
Talaphona 67
"i*" wnssv. u.
tt« pa U:M PA-In HIU:
7 pA-lor
^l:l«Mn^Per' fti
•aw *:a ui-nr
ft &
nu^iNt*. PL For Lar
y* HjHM
A Special Line
of Shapes.
Tritnmed Hats
Masked up to $4.50
Reduction in
Balance of Millinery
CliffordAnnex.: Grand Forks, North Dakota DeMen Avenue
vainly for a producer of plays of any
permanent value. Whenever a new
playwright catcheB the popular fancy
theatrical managers regard him aB a
human dynamo, who should radiate
plays with electrical rapidity. Look
at the-case of Clyde Fitch. After
hawking manuscripts for about twelve
years, Mr. Fitch decided to give up
playwMghting, and go to work, when
suddenly his chance came, and he made
a success. Then followed demands
from all. quarters. Every "star" in
sisted on having a play by Clyde Fitch.
The -author fulfilled his orders with
such amazing quickness that he got
a reputation as a suppernatural work
er. But Mr. Fitch was merely un
loading a trunktoad of previously-re-'
Jected MSS, on the unsuspecting man
agers. It was a poetic revenge.
The curse of the American stage is
the "star" system. Everything is sub
ordinated to the actor or actress whose
name is emblazoned on the hoardings.
In the case of the female'"star" these
concessions invariably detract from
the merits of the play itself—if it has
any.. The author may have written on
a theme or problem, but his work must
be adapted to suit the fads and fancies
of the lady, whose name is considered
the "draft." American actresses are
as a rule extremely jealous of their
powers to attract the public. It is a
recognised fact in the profession there
that no male "support" or juvenile
"lead" dare to try and .act up, to the
standard created by the "star."' When
the actor' is designedly chosen to do
so it 1b generally a recognised combin
ation—a "joint star" arrangement, as
in the case of Julia Marlowe and E.
H. Sothern, who are now engaged in
a'Shakespearian repertoire. The lack
oPuniformlty in the standard of acting
which is so often remarked in Ameri
can productions is due to this selfish
desire on the part of favourite artists
to have all the "fat" of the piece. The
American public and critics cry out:
in vain. The managers conduct their
business on purely commercial prin
ciples, and, as it is usually the "star"
who draws the money, they are bound
to respect' their means of existence. So
that the blame boomerangs back on
the public, who have created this au
tocracy of "stars."
In Greater New York there are
ninety theaters, and from two to thre.e
and Offib£
OF Atl Koma,
Otobea, WiiWmli, Ftoe
Utotir B—ks ul Book-
Ckainy PemeOa, Vmmm am«.
610 K. 8TUR
Frol^ht Atfsnt
-, Talophoaa aa.
Falla, 8|L Cloud.
BnwraW Wv
Minneapolis.' at,
e, guparlor and
_S2S* PaS.**
Park River.
Conaeets with
KEfrpnoanr. *%.*. at ami: .,
hoirilred plays are foisted oh the public
every year. The' actual ^uccetseB-^
that ls to say, those plays which would
he worth importing to Australia
number about alx.. The failures are
astonishingly numerous. One marvels
that the tnanagers didn't know better.
Some of them have to be withdrawn
in a week or two while many which
retain possession of the theater for a
longer term do so for the sake of ap
pearances. In addition to the handful
of American successes, there are us
ually a few satisfactory importations
from London, but even the percentage
of English failures is large. An Ameri
can manager never knows his public,
for it is not only fickle, but Its ap
petltie for novelty is Insatiable.
To this uncertain public managers
prefer to appeal with light and breezy
musical plays, for the American will
excuse the failure of frivolity, while
a futile attempt to stir his emotions
will be deemed inexcusable. Besides,
in these musical productions there is
ample scope for the display of one
of the chief elements of the American
stage—the chorus girl. A chorus girl
in New York receives from £31101 to
6 per week. Her pictures appear in
"Police Gazette." She may become as
much a public character as a "star." In
one instance a chorus girl received a
salary of £30 a week—a tribute to
notoriety more than talent. In some
theaters the chorus girl is the main
stay of the performance. Every en-
The American stage was, until quite
recently, controlled by the theatrical
syndicate under the management of
Charles Frohman. Three or four years
ago a split occurred through the seces
sion of David Belasco. As the acknowl
edged best producer of plays In
America, Belasco had been a tower of
strength to the trust. His defection
caused other managers to withdraw
from the syndicate, among their num
ber the Shubert's, who have managed
many prominent artists, including
Bernhardt and Henry W. Savage, a
leading operatic entrepreneur. Every
season the oppositionists gain strength,
their only drawback being the lack of
theaters, which was strikingly in
stanced a few nights ago, when Bern
hardt was compelled to play in a' tent.
This combination now "handles" such
artists as Mrs. Leslie Carter, Blanche
Bates, David Warfleld, Margaret An
glin, and a" large number of lesser
favourites. But while the independent
managers possess some of the great
est artists, and produce some of the
best plays, the syndicate remains very
powerful. Its recognised head, Mr.
Charles Frohman, is indisputably the
leading theatrical manager in the
world. He own the largest number of
theaters, controls the greatest con
stellation of "stars," and has the first
call upon the works of the most famous
dramatists. Among those whose pens
are always active in the interests of
his -management are Pinero, Barrie,
Henry Arthur Jones, Augustus
Thomas, Clyde Fitch, and the irrepres
sible George Bernard Shaw. Mr.
Frohman now has a strong foothold
In London, and spares no expense in
courting success.' He allows his play
wrights enormous retaining fees, lh
addition to their royalties, which vary
from 5 to 25 per cent, of the gross pro
ceeds. Yet it is a notorious fact that
the best writers have failed to do them
selves justice under these conditions.
Mr. Frohman's most, successful at
traction is Maude Adams, an artist of
exceptional charm while among the
long )lBt of favourites under his direc
tion are John Drew,' Edna, Maxlne
Elliott, Nat Goodwin, Olga Nethersole,
E. H. Sothern, Julia Marlowe Robert
Edeson, William Collier, Richard
Favershataj Robert Loraine, (and
Blanche Walsh. He also has the co
operation of Richard Mansfield, the
Irving of America, and manages the
majority Of English favourites who
visit thie states.
Affiliated .with Mr. Frohman lh the
"syndicate" are a number of other
managers, notable aniOng them being
,Klaw and Erlanger, Chas. Dillingham,
Daniel Frohmsin, William Harris,
Liebler aAd Co., George Lederer, and
William A. Brady. Owning as they do,
the majority of theaters in all the
cities of the U^teA States, the
*syndltate" are
to exclude any
outside management unless their de
mands are satisfied. These usually
consist ln the payment of about 6 per
«en£ of the proceeds for the! good
will of the trust, the manager having
to pay rent and all other expenses as
well so that every night the "syndi-!
cate" receive? an enormous sum from
companies paylng for the privilege of
appearing under thelr auaplces. It is
generally considered advisable to pay
this chari$ rather than antagonise the
rollnjK poorer.
Ladcinc artlstls conception, or •Ten
cood tttrti), as (he atajorttir of Amerl*
aim play* 0o, tt .is wonderful the
amount of monef wlttelt Is expended
won tbeiB. Qoaftnlir Is the chief
consideration. One of the most im-
portant members at the theater's staff
is the dress-designer, for it Is his duty
to satisfy the public craving for gowns
of greater elegance than the last 1
have known Instances of the making
of a play being commenced by laying
ottt the scheme of costumes first, next
choosing the girls to wear them,, and
afterwards considering locale, plot,
&c. Gorgeous as are the effects of
such productions', they harmonise
poorly, and the more uniform standard
which prevails in Australia is infinitely
One of the best phases of theatrical
life in America
uu..w rr i...J,
David Proctor in "A Message From Mars."
trance of a principal is assisted by a
throng of dashing beauties, and it is
customary for a handsome ballet to
appear as a "backing" to the singer
of some ballad of dubious 'merit.
the stock system,
which has come greatly into vogue of
recent years. The theaters operating
under this plan give a new play every
week, the repertoire ranging from
farcical comedy to Shakespeare. Thus
the best classical and modern plays
are constantly being revived, and,
since the "star features are eliminated
from the acting, the presentation of
these plays is generally very accept
able. In fact, it 1b to the stock theaters
that true- lovers of the drama are
eventually driven for entertainment of
an artistic order. The establishment
of a National Theater in New York,
which 'has long been talked of, and
should come be fore long will greatly
enhance the value of the Btock system.
This project aims at eliminating the
personal element from the stage, and
to produce as many home-made plays
as possible, artistic rather than com-
mercial qualities to be considered in
the choice of plays. When this is
brought about, not only the American,
but also the English, stage will, doubt
less, receive an impetus to better
How to Spend Your Vacation.
When the summer time arrives the
almost eternal question that con
fronts a woman of moderate salary is
how to leave the city and enjoy her
self without being extravagant or
going beyond her means. She knows
very well that to stay at a hotel
means "society," and that society
means dressing about four times a
The next idea that presents itself
is the farm, which is just the thing!
It is the place for good, old-fashioned
genuine fun, which includes husking
parties, barn dances, etc. Any one can
take part in these games, and it is not
necessary to have special costumes for
them. The board on the farm does not
cost nearly as much as it does at a
hotel, and after her vacation is over
the sensible girl will not feel that
she has been overcharged. There is
not much spending money needed, be
cause there are very few amusements
on a farm which would lean one to
spend money. Driving, considered one
of the greatest of sports to the city
girl, is probably included, as it is a
very poor farmer who has not a horse
and carriage of his own. The village
is usually about four or five miles
off, and there is not much to buy, any
how. The meals on the farm may not
be served as daintily as they are at
a hotel, but it cannot be denied that
they are wholesome,
A matter of considerable import
ance to her will be the clothes she
can wear on the farm. There she need
not be ashamed of them if they are
slightly old-fashioned. They can al
waiys be worn berrying, hay riding or
at other sports where dainty coBtumes
would be inappropriate. Take it all
in all, the farmhouse is the best place
for a vacation.
Nothing Bat the Genuine Went
One morning a lady from Oil City
went into Tiffany's great jewelry store
and said she desired a purchase a dia
"I understand solitaire diamonds
are the best, Mr. Tiffany," she said:
"please show me some of them."
"Here is a. nice solitaire," answered
the silver-haired diamond prince.
"How do you like it?"
"Pretty well," said the rich lady, re
volving It in her fingers. "It shines
well, but are you sure it is a solltarie,
Mr. Tiffany?"
"Why, of course, madam."
"Wall, now, if you warrant it to be
a real, genuine solitaire, Mr. Tiffany,
I don't mind buying it for my daughter
Jnlla—and come to think," she con
tinued, as she buttoned her Six-button
kid gloves and took her pasasol to
Jteve, "If you've got five or six more
real, genuine sOlitalres, just like this
one, I don't mind taktaig 'em all so
as to make a big solitaire cluster for
"Yes, madam, we'll guarantee it to.
be a real solitaire," smilingly replied
Hr. Tiffany, sad then the head of the
house went up to his private office,
and In the presence of 400 clerks sat
down and wrote hls offidal guarantee
that the diamond named was a genu
ine solltarie.
4* the lady- bore the certificate
from thft big-Jewelry palace the ob
served to l»erself: "There's nothing
llke knowlng yovhre got the real,
granlne thing. It's really so satis
Red Fire Crackers Associated
With Religions Ceremonies
I® of Orient.
It is said that the Chinese are al
ways Inventing something to break
the Christian peace of mind, and there
area good many persons—pessimistic
chaps, who forget they were ever
snub-nosed, freckled faced urchins,
with a longing for compressed gun
powder—who look upon the Chinese
firecrackers as the invention of the
evil one. As a matter of fact, the red
firecracker Is more definitely associ
ated with Chinese religious observ
ances than with Chinese sport. In
stead of being the invention of the.
evil one, In China the firecracker is
used mostly for the purpose of "driv
ing out devils," an employment which,
though It may contain a few of the
essentials to sport, is not to be con
founded with the use that Young
America makes of the article on the
glorious Fourth. Indeed, the Chinese
boys and girls are not allowed even to
touch these implements of religious
Even those who are not interested
in firecrackers have noticed the little
sheets of red paper pasted on the
front of every package of genuine
Canton firecrackers—red peach paper
it is called by the Chinese. These
lables—to use an Occidental business
term—are splashed with golden
hierogyphics. The natural inference
is that these labels relate to the manu
facturer but were you to ask informa
tion of a denizen of Chinatown, he
would answer you reverently that in
that bit of red paper is the spirit that
dwells In all eternal things. The
Chinatown, when once you have scaled
the barrier of guileless urbanity and
alomst childish simplicity, is a mys
tic of the mystics and to him that
brick-red patch of paper is an eloquent
symbol. It is at once a charm with
which to conjure away the evil spirits
and a talisman with which to sum
mon the favor of his personal and
his household gods.
And it is red. Therein lies the
secret of its efficacy. Red is the color
of China. No color, not even the
•,imperial, yellow or the royal pea
cock purple, lies so near to the heart
of the Chinese as red. This devotion
is explained by the fact that the peach
paper represents to them the Tree of
Life, in associating a mystical mean
ing with this color and symbolizing it
as the Tree of Life, the Chinese phil
osopher is only following a train of
thought to its logical conclusion.
The Tree of Life is the tree of man,
and red is not only the color of blood,
but of universal life. It is, therefore,
the color of salvation operating to
secure the health of body and soul.
Red consequently, is the color of the
peach paper that the Chinamen tacks
to the doorposts of his dwelling in
order to guard against the intrusion
of evil. Red, in fact, is used on every
joyful occasion—at a marriage, at a
feast or at the birth of a male child.
When the newcomer is a girl the
house is decorated with white, which
is the symbol of mourning. Girls are
not considered of much value in China.
Red is the color of the "longevity
candles" with'' which the devout fol
lower of Confucius propitiates his
joss red is the color of the birthday
eggs, the giving of which Is a religious
ceremony in China, and the eyes of
the idols are always painted red. Be
fore this color has been applied the
idol- is but so much common wood or
stone after, such is the power of thev
paint, the idol is endowed with all the
virtue of a god. Red is the color of
the Chinaman's visiting card red is
the color of his pipe and of all his
dearest possessions.
The method by which the Chinese
destroy the malign power of the evil
spirits is rather interesting. The
ceremony is always performed on
the twenty-fourth day of the twelfth
month, which is called in the Chinese
calendar the "day when the spirits
are seen out." At midnight of the
twenty-third day the favorable house
hold gods ascend to heaven to report
upon the conduct of the family, and
they do not return to earth until New
Year's Eve, leaving their charges
meanwhile to the tender mercleB of
the evil spirits, who, in common with
the good deities, are supposed to in
habit the house at least six months
of the year. As the Chinese are afraid
of disturbing their good spirits in at
tacking the evil ones, they wait until
the benign gods have a good start on.
their celestial journey before they
open a vigorous campaign against the
demons. Long strings of firecrackers
—big cannon crackers—are festooned
from the eaves of the houses and then
the fuse is ignited. The entire line
is soon ablaze, the crackers splutter
ing, fizzing and booming and any
misshapen imp of the night that can
wriggle through the cordon of fire is
regarded as so clever that the China
man will adopt him as a personal god.
While the crackers are booming, the
Chinese family will add to the cacop
honous celebration by beating gongs,
drumB and cymbals and after the evil
spirits are vanquished, balls of colored
fire are shot into the sky, a message
to the.absent household gods to in
form them that they have a sole claim
to the house for the next six months.
As an illustration of the radical dif
ference between two Oriental nations,
the red peach paper is unknown In
Japan. The Japanese do not believe
that evil spirits fear red paper spit
ting firecrackers, or shrieking bombs
but they believe that the malign spirits
shrink before the, unfolded beauty of
the lotus and the glory of the chrysan
themum.. ,The Japanese are poetical
as well as mystical, whereaB, the moon
eyed gentleman of the middle king
dom is a stole in his symbolism. The
Chinaman has one idea in common
with the Japanese of the old regime,
however, and that Is that the blood of
a "foreign devil," smeared on the lintel
of his house, is the most propitions
omen for him apd his kindred that
can be obtained and' it was this
fanaticism that to some extent ac
tuated the Boxers in their massacres
a few years ago.
Bride.cake is a relic of the Roman
Confarreates, a mode of marriage
practiced by the hlgest class In Borne.
In Ocmfierraeatld* the bride wis lad
to the altar by bachelors, bat conduct
ed hpme by married men, and the
ceremony took place in the preaenot
of tan witnesses by the Pontlfex Max
imus, whereupon the contracting part
ies mutually partook a cake
of salt, water and flour,

The consumption of American'goods
in Switzerland already shows a fair
volume, but it can be swelled greatly,
according to Consul Keene, of Ge
neva, if the manufacturers and ex
porters of the United States will work
energetically for its expansion. There
is no reason, he insists, why sales of
American articles of superior qual
ity are produced at very moderate
prices, and wholesale Swiss dealers
can be induced to import them exten
sively, if the proper means are used to
bring them to their attention. These
wholesale dealers maintan a corps of
.traveling salesmen, who make a tour
of the entire country all the year
around, and if they could be induced
to import direct from the American
manufacturere they would make it
their personal business to push his
wares in the Swiss market.
American boots and shoes are son
spicuously offered to consumers in
the shop windows of Geneva, and they
are especially favored, not only by
American tourists but bv the natives
of the country. Now that the cheaper
styles are imported (shoes can now be
purchased for 2 a pair), and the duty
on them has been lessened, there Is no
doubt that American manufacturers
will reap a good harvest by sending
their products to Switzerland.
The industrious Europeans are
pushing the sale of their ingenious im
itations of the American shoe vigor
ously. Many a pair of shoes labelled
"American" are sold in Switzerland
which are really made In Germany or
Itally. For a time, a few years ago,
there was a practical embargo on
American footwear, when certain New
York dealers, more enterprising than
scrupulous, sold in Europe large lots
of shoes of fine appearance, but of
shoddy make. It was a deliberate
swindle on the foreign purchaser, but
its effects have now been destroyed
by. the uniform good quality of the
shoes which have since been imported
from the United States.
Tool machinery, too, is becoming
favorably known in Switzerland, and
that coming from America holds the
rank In popularity. American agricul
tural machines, also, are again in
favor with the farmers of the little
republic. Their imports came second
in value in 1903 and 1904. nearly
doubling in the latter year, Germaas,
however, continue to supply the moat'
agricultural machines, not because
their products are better than those
of America, but because of tte
numerous traveling agents which they
keep buBy In Switzerland. Returns
for 1905 will again show a large la
crease, as great Imports were made to
avoid the increased duties, which west
into effect on January 1. 1906.
American motors tor lake boats have
also been Imported, but It is Clalmat
that they did not.fully answer their
advertised qualities. Some improve
ments seem to be necessary
they will be able to compete sue™
fully for the Swiss market. Tills Is
entirely new field for the Americas
exporter, and must be tested with car*
and perseverance. Small engine boeli
are fairly numerous on the iiaka oC
Geneva, but, considering the expansa
of water, there might be many mora.
The season for motor boating, how
ever, is short, and this may have some
influence on the trade In motors.
Cycles and automobiles hold a great
place In the outdoor lite of Switser
land. Imports of American bicycles,
however, have decreased steadily for
some years, and only 213, out of a
total of 17,552 Imported in 1904, came
from the United States. Last year will
hardly show a more encouraging re
sult. The new customs duty amounts
to $2.31 apiece for bicycles, against
$19.30 per 220 pounds, gross weight,
paid by American bicycles last year.
It Is quite possible that this great
redutcion In the duty will give an
impetus to the American bicycle trade
in Switzerland this year.
The imports of American sewing
machines, which amounted to nearly
$38,600 in 1903, declined to about $19,
200 in 1904. It is believed that the
record of 1905 will be about equal to
that of 1903, but the new tariff In
creases the duty on sewing machinea
from 77.2 cents to
Bacon & Van Alstine
Livery and Hack'Stable
Grand Forks* North'Dakota1
Fourth of July
One Fare for the Round Trip
Between all points in Wisconsin, Minnesota
and North Dakota. Any agjent will fmnish
yon details of^these very low holiday rates.
Tickets on Sale July 3 and 4
•. L..
AavramsK ip
/IW 5 Times
tfr* ''SP
per 220
pounds, and a good stock was im
ported prior to anuary 1, to save the
excess of taxes. American preserved
meats are superior to all others, and
their imports to Switzerland exceed
those of all other nations. It is not
believed that the increase of the doty
from $1.54 to $2.70 per 220 pounds,
gross weight, will make them loaa
their lead in the market.

xml | txt