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(V rttffR l'«r The HOME AND SCHOOL THIS V.ORIil) KOI«lS IX AX OCKAX DEKP. PhflciMipliy In Rhyme. KVPBIBK Timed*) This vi rid rolls hi an nt*oan doop— An ocean 1-M'P of .'ltmosplnTc Rotates onoli lny in! mukt-H a sweep Around its pathway once a ye Tho moon, the earth keeps company, Before. nbovr. behind, below Beneath eneh brilliant grnllaxy. Our truck the constellations show. Down 011 our earth the bright moon shines. As we go sailing on through space Two liumlri.'il. forty thousand miles. From hero the full moon shows her face Kit lit hundred thousand miles unfold. Kadi day the earth speeds 011 her flight: The sun adorns her path with KolU. The moon and stars with silver light. Ninety-three million miles away. The s'olden sun cloth brightly burn Generating the electric ray That speeds through space our earth to turn And should the sun e'er cease to glow. Our earth through space would drift, they say. Until some other sun would show and guide her on a new pathway. 'Tis well to think on things sublime, Th it we may wisely comprehend. Philosophy in prose or rhyme. AVhVh master scholars may commend: This boundless universe we see. The Lord Supreme did all dictate. Then bow the heart and bend the knee To Him who all things did create. Composed by Patrick H. Donohue, Grant! Forks, X. D. All rights re served. ivl:—That Mr. Donohue has shown de"p thought and much genius in the above rhyme is quite clear. The last stanza drives away all thought of atheism and gives a logical reason why all should "bend the knee" in prayer. Modern School Ideas. This is an opportune time to give our reatiers, especially those interested in the building up of our schools, some valuable information reltaive to school supplies and the equipments of new schcols as much building of schools is in progress at present in our state. To this end Geo. W. Colburn, dealer in school supplies, located in our city gives the following information. In the building of the modern school house, those best informed, give much I attention to the proper heating, light ins and ventilation. For the county school and smaller village schools, no doubt, the Smith System of heat retention and ventila tion is the best on the market today from an economical standpoint. By this system, a perfect and uniform temperature is secured by which the re«!otFSt part of the room is properly hinted while that part near the stove is not overheated. No longer are pu pils made to suffer by roasting one side while the other is freezing and more than this, the health of the children is greatly enhanced by this new system which by economizing the use of fuel Kjon saves its extra cost over the or- Blinds. It is a well known fact that many pupils have their eyesight greatlv im paired by having to sit in a school room poorly lighted as many are. Large cities are giving attention to the "H" system of.building which af fords more light and it has been found thaat the health of school children has been much better since the introduc tion of the "H" style of building. As this indicates the buildings are made in the form of the letter H, so that the light comes into the rooms from at least two directions. As sunlight is not only beneficial but necessary to plant life so it is to child life, but as the strong sunlight on the white page of a book, with contrasting black letters, is very injurious to the eye and consequently to the health of the child, it is necessary that this light be regulated properly. The best blind for this purpose is the Venetian blind, a wood slat blind so constructed that proper light and ventilation are easily obtained without the evil effects of a strong sunlight. Many of our best schools are putting these in and dis carding the opaque blind which dark ens the room and shuts ou the pure air so much needed in the poorly ventila ted school rooms. Blackboards. Meet city schools and many country schools believe the best is the cheapest and put in the stone slate blackboard. This is in many grades and should bs as carefully selected as any other ar ticle. The Excelsior Slating Co., of Pen Argyl, Pa., furnishes a superior hand shaved slate with a black surface. Their sections are all carefully jointed so that when the slate is on the wall tie seams are scarcely noticeable. We visited the Gilby school recently where we found space of nearly one half an inch in some parts of the seams and a natural slate color which is a dull gray. This kind of blackboaord does not add beauty nor comfort to the school. Insist on getting slate care fully jointed. It is a good plan to fill all narrow spaces between windows and spaces not much used, with arti ficial slate. As an economical plan it is advisable to get slate blackboard 3 feet. vide and place above it a strip of artificial slate 18 inches wide for .tjie, UllLlitiJ (By Mrs. II. IC. AV. Bancroft.) Thing* In do Vow. Se? that the dahlias arc wfell staked. Sec a!ho dial they are never allowed to Ke.. d:\\ at the roots. Kim? flowers de pend upon this. Plants to be used in hanging early, will be ready to baskets for winter should be stiirted now. Nearly all desirable kinds grown lrom cuttings. can be These, if started make showing by the beginning a fine of but late planting winter, is not advisable. Plants started now will be strong and thrifty, while later ones will not ho In good condition when cold weather comes in. It pays to look ahead and get ready in advance of the n. teacher's use for work to be left on the board for several days. Many city schools get slate four feet wide. This is heavy to handle, more expensive and more liable to break. A slate three feet wide gives ample space for pu pils" use. The artificial slate 18 inches wide and joining above gives a good boaord for teachers' use or extra work and being used less frequently will last many years. It is a good plan to place slate orders early as the factories are often overrun and shipments are de layed. Orders may be placed for fu ture shipment and in this way schools may be assured of having the slate when needed. County schools should use a good grade of artificial slate if they cannot afford slate. Hyloplate is made in many grades. Some by painting the surface of pulp board with slating. The best grade is made by putting on several coats of slating with a trowel. This lasts many years and the manu facturers guarantee it for ten years. Slated cloth is used by many and if put on properly will last many years and give good service. There should be pasted on the wall, a felt paper, commonly known as building paper, and the cloth should be pasted upon this in order to make a good smooth background. By this plan a smooth surface is obtained and the slated cloth will last much longer. Pupils' Desks. It is pretty generally conceded that each pupil is entitled to a single desk. City schools have discarded double desks and many of the rural schools are now purchasing the single desk— that order is more easily maintained by use of single or individual desks no one can deny, but this is not the main object for using single desks. The double desks. Desk orders should be health of the children and their morals are greatly endangered'in the use of placed early for future shipment in or der that manufacturers may have time to get them made and properly dried before being shipped. There are many good makes of desks, in fact, most desks are worth all they cost if bought at minimum prices. There is one matter that should be taken into consideration, however—the desk shipped from Minnesota costs for singles about thirty cents less freight than one shipped from Michigan or Indiana so that this difference should be added to eastern prices when com paring with Minneapolis or Duluth shipments. The double desk will av erage about fifty cents higher freight from eastern points. A cherry stain top is considered by some to be better, however, the consen sus of opinion favors the natural wood as being more restful to the eye. Flags. There is a diversified opinion as to size and quality of flag to be bought. Some favor a cheap grade of small size while others select the best grades. Eight feet by five feet is the regula tion size and the size most country schools and smaller village schools should use. The double warp navy bunting of this size should not cost over $4 while the standard all wood bunting, the grade most generally sold, should not cost more than $3.25 for above size. The fast color cotton flag is much cheaper and by some considered more durable and will cost about $1.75 for the above size. Fast color silkoline flags cost about the same as standard bunting flags and take the place of silk flags for school room decorations. Silk flags 3x4 feet or smaller are used in many city schools for inside decorations. Maps. Of recent years the set of 4x8 maps in an oak case on spring rollers has being considered the proper equipment. Prices vary from $8 to $40, according to size, quality and date of issue, though more often according to the push of the agent. A good set of up to-date reliable fast color maps, 8 inch case, should not cost over $20, and may be bad as low as $12.50. Cheaper sets are not reliable and fade on exposure to light. Many of our city schools favor the wall map mounted on common rollers and which may be easily transferred -from one room to another. On account of frequent changes in the U. S. map we deem it advisable to have the chea per wall map or if a case of school maps are bought then a commercial wall map of the U. S. on heavy map paper should be furnished each school room. These can be had for about $2.50 each on large scale and are need ed for their commercial features. More attention is being given to commercial geography and our school maps will have to meet this demand soon. There are many who favor the set of maps on tripod as being more con venient and cheaper. A few favor the use of an atlas instead of large expen sive maps, using outline blackboard maps for test lessons. (To be Continued.) Give summer blooming fuchsias all the water they can make use of, show er freely every day, if the plants show signs of flagging in the least apply a sood fertilizer and be sure to keep them out of the sun but in a light airy place. Keep an eye on the geraneums. Nip off each bud that appears on p'ants which are wanted for winter blooming. If a branch shows a tendency to get the start of its fellow branches, off with the end of it promptly and keep all branches of a uniform length. Except this is done one can not have fine looking symmetrical plants. Go over all the shrubs and prune them back into symmetrical form now. It Is better -to do this now while they are growing than to allow them to make the entire seasons growth be fore pruning. Much of the strength of the plant is often carelessly wasted by not giving them attetatloif at the proper time. It pays to look after them carefully during the growing season. Heliotrope can be propagated now for winter use as can also latanas, petunias, salvias and stocks. The old scarlet salvia S. splendins of the cat alogues—makes Bplendid winter bloomer as does also the single ruf fled petunias. These are all easily started from cuttings. Ck over all annuals end pluck the seeds pods each day if you would have them continue to give flowers. Re member that it is the nature of all plants to produce an abundance of seeds. When this Is done the plant has fulfilled its mission, and is ready to •lie. However, if the seeds are con stantly removed, the plant will con tsantly make the effort to produce its seed, hence you will have a profusion of blossoms. Go over the pansies and if any show the least sign of mould, cut them back to the last eye. This is the only ef fective treatment for mould on pansies. Cut back all the pansy plants which have been blooming all summer, thus encouraging new growth which ensure plenty of fine flowers during all the cool days of fall and leave the plant* (n excellent condition to commence blooming early in the spring. Go over the garden carefully and note where improvements can be made next year. Xo doubt many advisable changes can be made, which sug gest themselves while the plants are in full bloom and which would not be noticed at any other season of the year. It is well to make a memorandum of such needed changes. If this is uot done, you will be very sure to for get many of them. A garden note-book is an absolute necessity to the amateur, as well as to the experienced gardner. Carefully go over the dahlias and gladioli and tie a string on all the fine ones—the ones which you want to keep for next year blooming. Dis card all inferior ones. It does not pay to grow poor flowers. The good ones are ever so much more satis factory and require no more care. Get ready for active work in the potting line early in August. Clean up all pot8 to be used, collect drain age material, prepare your compost and in brief, get everything you ar» going to need ready for use. When repotting and pruning your plants, let your friends whom you know would enjoy some of the cuttings be on hand and ready to select and care for those they would enjoy pos sessing. Was there ever a grower" of flowers who has not had applica tions of this kind when all plants had The speculator, finding prices low and knowing that in a little while the bad roads season will be on, when competing products will be kept from the trade centers, buys up the surplus and stores it away for the day of nec essity when he can demand* and re ceive his own price for his holdings —the stuff for which men toil, which they are compelled to have at what ever cost. And when the citizen in a town—the mechanic and operative of the shops and factories—is forced in winter and spring to pay exorbitant prices for those articles of household necessity which went begging for buyers at low prices the preceding fall he figures the increased cost of living in comparison and grows restless and discontented and is easily led into strikes and other labor disturbances that are so disas trous to the business of the country and so prolific of other hurtful conse quences. This of course is not all that enters into strike causes, but it con tributes a full share. The prices of foodstuffs from the farm would be always at a decent liv ing level to all concerned if the coun try had systematically improved high ways over which farmers could travel to market any day in the year. These farmers would then realize better prizes for their products than they now do, at less cost for marketing and still be able to sell to all classes of consumers at lower prices than are forced by speculators in the bad roads season. While it is undeniable that the in fluence of public schools, the press, the pulpit and other institutions marks the progress of civilization, yet all these are more or less dependent upon the facilities of intercourse be tween the people. Good roads through the country would do much to relieve the congestion of imputation in great cities, and thus the social fabric would be strengthened, because rural life is conducive to the highest moral stan dards, whereas in crowded city tene* ments vice runs riot with its malign influence. Bad roads in the United States cost the producing people $1,500,000 every twenty-four hours. This drain is fear ful. It is deadening the national life and is a national disgrace. Good roads develop good people. The wagon roads are the highways along which civiliza tion and development move. Growing Winter Wheat. The Valley City Alliance has the fol lowing interesting story of the de velopment of winter wheat growing: County Treasurer Lloyd Morton brought to The Alliance office yes terday a number of stalks of win ter wheat which he has grown this year on his farm in Minnie Lake township and the evidence would in dicate that winter wheat growing 18 a thing of the near future In North Dakota, the land of reputed blizzards THE EVENING TIMES, GFAND FORKS, N. D. been cut back to the limit, "Mamma wants a few slips," I think not. As a rule, flower growers are extremely generous and because they love flowers so well, and get so much pleasure from the cultivation of them, they are gen erally glad to help others to attempt their culture. However, it often hap pens that "slips" are asked for when there are none to be given without seriously injuring our plantB. It is almost Impossible to refuse an applic ant without, giving offense, yet. Home and Farm VALUE OP GOOD ROADS. They Help Farmers and Develop a Great Xatfon. National aid to highway construction as a plain, practical business proposi tion is, in my opinion, paramount to any. question that now presents or that can possibly be suggested, be cause goo: roads would do more for the country than any other one thing that can-be named or any dozen or more things combined, says W. P. Brownlow, congressman from Tennes see. in Collier's Weekly. There is a feature of this question which persons accustomed to thor oughness in every other line of thought seem to entirely overlook, es pecially dwellers in towns and cities. If the common roads of the country were brought to a condition that would enable farmers to market their products at all seasons of the year the cost of living in town and city would be greatly lessened and discon tent among laboring people and the operatives of industrial concerns would largely decrease, if it did not entirely disappear. Why and how? Present road conditions compel farmers to rush their products to mar ket as soon as harvested, when the roads are at their best, since by wait ing a convenient time they may not get there at all because of bad roads. This naturally congests the market, forcing low prices, to the great detri ment of the producer and without ap preciable benefit to the consumer, be cause the average family in town or city buys only in small quantities at one time, say a day's or a week's sup ply. What* is the result? I would run the risk of doing so rather than spoil a plant, for them, which 1 had been growing carefully and on which 1 had spent months of care and labor. Let your friends understand that you do not grow plants for general distri bution but for pleasure. Tell them they are welcome to cuttings when you are pruning—but nevor form the habit of mutilating your plants for the grati fication of their demands. I am sure this will sound very surly and selfish to some, but I assure you that the surliness and selfishness is all In your own mind. I do not feel it that way at all. It has always been a pleasure for me to give away plants. I never sold one in my life. But after many years of experience I have decided that the person who ob tains a choice plant and cares for it till it reaches the period when it re wards the owner with the beauty which is the result of careful and un remitting attention he is the one who ought to enjoy it to the fullest possible extent.. Therefore nowadays when anyone asks me for a cutting, and there is none available without in juring the appearance of the plant, I screw my courage up to the neces sary tension and say, "1 will be pleased to let you have a cutting as soon as one can be spared but can make none at the present." I used al ways to fee Hike apologizing when it was necessary to say this, but I have outgrown that. I can now fully real ize that I have the first and best right to the fruits of my own labors and can enjoy them as those who have not performed that labor, never can. Be liberal in giving, but do not Spoil your plants in order to give your labors. and long, hard winters. Mr. Morton has three acres of this wheat which was sown September 28 last on barley stubble with a disc drill. It .should have been put in two weeks earlier and as the work^ was merely experimental, it was sown a trifle thin and in addition was not covered as well as it should have been. As a result of these deficiencies it did not stool well, but still it shows a good length of straw, with berries in the hard' dough and almost ready to cut. Mr. Morton expects a yield of ten bushels to the acre, but is con fident that if the work had been right ly done at the proper time he would now have had ready to cut a yield of twenty bushels per acre. The seed was brought from' near Stillwater, Minn., and probably needs acclimating. It seems evident that a few years of experimenting will put 1 North Dakota in shape to raise winter wheat of a first-class grade and yield, and to such men. as Mr. Morton the credit will be due. We hope to see others take up the work this fall and to be able to report their efforts a success at this time next year. The Future of Durum. When macaroni was first introduced into the west, and after a crop or two of it had been raised, it' was found, as we all remember, that there was no well established market for itr- It was taken at the elevators of course, but it was with reluctance on the part of the buyer, apd the grower had to ac cept a heavy cut in price under that paid for bread wheats, or feed it. The millers did not take kindly to it, prob ably more for the reason that they did not understand handling it and did not have the proper machinery, than from any adverse feeling for it. But even witlv this severe handicap, it continued to grow in favor and in crease in acreage, as many preferred the increase in' yield and the added certainty of a crop in dry years to the higher figure offered for the bread wheats. Xot all, but many. There were not wanting of those, though, who despaired of the margin in price between the two wheats ever being materially narrowed, and who pre ferred to cater to the higher price and take chances on dry years. True friends of macaroni, however, indulged the hope that this grain sooner or later would come to its own, and that it would ultimately stand on a par with bread varieties. Some hoped for the saving factor to come in the way of the discovery of some method of milling it so as to make bread flour, and much progress has been made in that way, and there are now mills through the Dakotas that are equipped for handling it, and some there are who handle that alone. In the way of educating a national taste for durum bread, however, we have not made as much progress as was hoped for by many. There is no accounting for taste, and in this it is not unlikely that added progress will be made year by year. Prof. Jas. H. Shepard, of South Dakota, and other experimenters have carried on scien tific milling and baking tests, and so far we have failed to hear of any that have contended that bread made from it lacked in either palatability or in nutrition, and this fact lends color to the hope that it will Anally find favor on the American table. Since its first introduction millions of bushels of macaroni have annually disappeared in the American markets. And this disappearing element has in creased as time went on, and has given rise to the suspicion in many minds that perhaps the large milling interests had discovered some means of mixing it with flour made frrun the bread varieties. If this suspicion is founded on fact the millers could hardly be expected to herald the an nouncement abroad as such a course margin and bring durum more nearly to the level, of other wheats. But this will be the natural effect of It whether or no, and every little helps. Demand, however, gradually It may come, will stiffen the price. The department of agriculture and others who were active in the Intro duction of durum, early promised a foreign demand, the promise' being predicated on the supposition that as soon as the macaroni-eating nations discovered the superior quality of the American product that exportation would rapidly follow. There was some little disappointment In this line, atd manv became Impatient and dls pAlred of the future. Such, however, failed to take note of several potent ri tctors. First, we have not as yet left the experimental stage In raising this grain. There are so many vari eties of it, and many of them are not adapted to American conditions, and yet it is more than likely that nearly all of them have been experimented with and have become scattered more or lesB all over the durum raising re gions. After awhile we' will get down to a few of the very best varieties, best adapted to our conditions, and will stick to them. Then\ too many growers have supposed that' It "wns all macaroni" and in this way the varieties have become badly mixed. This ha8 militated against the grain. Others have endeavored to raise it in humid climates, and have hence produced an inferior quality. This has had its effect. Macaroni 1B pecu liarly a dry country grain, and the area to which it Is indigenous is lim ited. We will quit that too. But the main thing we have lost track of is that foreigners are not Americans till they come here—and that they do not take ns readily to innovations as do we. The southern countries of Europe—the macaroni consuming na tions—are conservative and it takes time to work up a market among them for our product. In this we see little reason for discouragment when all factors are considered. The ex ports made the past year ought to allay the fears of the least sanguine. It Is no doubt true that the war" be tween Japan and Russia hampered production in the latter country, and tills augmented the demand for the American product, but it gave us the chance to get our good a foothold in the markets, and if we can raise a product that can hold its own in qual ity—and we think we can—American enterprise will take care of the advan tage gained and will gradually push our grain Into other markets. The department of agriculture has recently issued the following state ment bearing on the year's export, which are anything but discouraging: The actual quantity of durum wheat exported from the United States is not known for it is not separated from other wheat in the official and other complete statements of foreign move ment's, but from letters recetved at the department of agriculture from persons who handle this grain, it ap pears that at least one-half of the wheat (not including wheat flour) ex ported from customs districts east of the Pacific coast, and more than 30 per cent of the total wheat (not in cluding flour) exports of the United States since July 1, 1905, was durum (macaroni) wheat. It i8 believed that shipments other than those mentioned below have been made, but no definite reports of quan tity have been received as yet. The information received thus far accounts for the exports of 7,783,081 bushels of durum' wheat from July 1, 1905, to April 1, 1906, distributed as follows: Shipped from— Bushels. Duluth for export via United States Atlantic ports 7,500,000 Duluth for export via Canadian ports 100,000 New Orleans 130,198 Galveston 62, mk Total The following exports fronj States Atlantic ports were wholly or in part with thef7j bushels shipped from Dumth', hence their total should notfbe aade to the above total: Port. From July 1. 1905. to Portland, Me... .Mar. 30, 1906 Boston Mar. 28.1906 New "York Feb. 24. 1906 The shipments from New sent mostly to ports on the ^Mediter ranean sea. Of the exports from Bos ton 145,000 bushels were consigned to Mediterranean ports, 88,587 to Ham burg, Germany 31,000 to London, and 47,882 bushels to Liverpool. The ex ports from New Orleans were con signed to Marseilles, and those from Galveston were sent to Bremen. The United States consul at Valetta, Malta, reported recently that 32,000 bushels of. macaroni wheat from the United States had been received ih Malta and was found to be of good quality. The consul said that more orders from Malta for this wheat were contemplated. Tlie Quantity. The editor of the Dakota Farmer has the following to say of the con dition of the farmers in the northwest: The editor has just concluded an extensive trip through western Minne sota, parts of North Dakota and nearly all of central and eastern South Da kota, all the time looking over crops and stock, and talking with farmers about them and the prospects and pos sibilities of the present season. Never have we seen so universally good- a showing as to crops, and never have we found our farmers more hopeful and satisfied. Some way-up crops, clean fields and No. 1 horses, cattle, sheep, poultry and hogs were to be seen scattered all over this wide stretch of beautiful country and we are sorry to say, there were many fields that were not clean, and much stock that showed poof breeding and care. We were particularly impressed with the great diversity of crops grown in the same neighborhood, and by the wide difference in the income from cows of adjoining neighbors. Some farmers showed almost- as much again cream per cow as others and some almost as' good again calves at the same age. Most of this differ ence we could vtrace to quality in the cows, the best performers almost, in variably being deep-bodied animals, a little fiat rather than plump, and de cidedly "vedge-shaped," increasing in depth and bulk the farther we got from the small head and thin neck. These cows, of whatever breed they chanced to be, all showed large "bread baskets," roomy udders and ample "milk veins." When these cows were found in abundant pasture, with good comfortable barns behind them for winter quarters, and an owner that "just loves a good cow," we knew what the record was before asking. In one bunch of seventeen cows, not far from Morris, Minn., we found just one animal that seemed to us worth keeping. As this cow was pretty well along in years, and we detected noth ing nearly so good in tne rest of the herd, we asked what had become of her heifer calves. A neighbor, wv» were told, had always "taken a shine" to them and upon visiting this neigh bor a little later, we found a most ex cellent bunch of money-making cows, not a single bad one among them. The only reason, we found, why this.enter prising neighbor had not long ago se cured the old cow, too, was because her owner's wife "Just wouldn't." We found mutton ewes that had re turned as high as $10 a head to thfeir owners, and others that had done much less than half as well. Some farmers were literally overrun with the nicest pigs we ever saw, while other assured us that It was a "bad pig year," and could show scarcely a pig to a sow. Some of the women folks grew eloquent, telling us of what the poultry had brought In while others were even more so ex plaining how their poultry had cost much more than they were worth With scarcely an exception, by look- laqwAKwcMMMh Ctrl Btrck, M|r. 8 p. a. 7 to 11 p. WO. 123 DeMERS AVENUE PROGRAM FOR THIIRS., FRIDAY ft SATUR. "Apaches of Paris*' "Beware,My Father Gomes" Illustrated Song "Only A Soldier Boy," by Rowiri Wiboa "Non-Union Bill Poster" "Course of True Love" "The Lost Collar Button" Admission 10 Cents GhiMtea lor Afternoon hiimim, S« We would like to sell you your GOAL this year. Now is the time to put it in—before the FALL RUSH FUEL 60„ TiMniiNinkrSIQ The M. II. Redick EIDE & FUR CO. Northwestern Dealers in line Northern Furs. Hides, Pelts, Wool, Tallow, Roots, Etc. Largest and Oldest Hide and Fur House in the State. GRAND FORKS X. DAK. DAKOTA BOTTLING WORKS Importer*. Manufacturers and Jobbtn af Carbonated Beverages, Phosphates. Fountain Syrups and all Kiada of flavors Siders, Halts and Seltzer Waters N. W. Pkoae 1059-L Tri-State Phaei 118 Grand Forks, No. Dak. Guarantee Stock Food Company Capital Stock. $80,000 Manufacturers of Stock Food, Poul try ood. Worm Powder. Liee Xlllst. "swaps" WaDt SATURDAY, AUGUST 4,1906. 5sr edj and White Liniment. eiuro KAKKa, n. d. Rasmassen, Bemis & Company Waotaslt Dry Goods, Notions, Etc, ttAND fOHS N. DAKOTA O. YOUNG Wholesale Ihrsltsro Pis MM, •OCMSM, Cii)I4, Srwtmf Bask ssi Office FATTEN lH-lir-UI lentk TfeM IL Grand Forks. North Dakota Gnat 6* 6 MjSSggSjJsisi ing over the stock, whether poultry, hogs, sheep or cows, we could see plainly where the trouble lay, or the profits came from and,.always it was in the quality, or lack of quality, of the animals kept, frequently aggrava ted by the same conditions in the owner who failed to give proper care and feed. The excuse was often wade to us that it takes both time and monev to change the quality in farm animals, and while this Is true—and money can not be spent better—it is also true that much can be done by intelligent and painstaking selection and mating, and, if possible, more by proper care and liberal feeding. But cost what it mav to improvo and shelter stock, it requires but little, if any, additional cash outlay to improve the quality of the general farming. Timely and thorough work alone, will work wonders in heavier yields and cleaner fields. We saw single farms In Oltertail county. Minn., and Sargent county. North Dakota, where the oats will go seventy-live bushels to the acre, the wheat thirty and the corn was nearly waist high, when we were there, surrounded by farms that will not give twelve of wheat, nor twenty five of oats, and where the corn can by no possibility mature. Quality, and lack of quality ,in the farming, is what makes almost all the difference noted. Not materially more work, but timeli ness in applying it not more seed, but better seed in other words, knowing how to farm, and not knowing how makes nearly all the wide, wide differ 6 nee we saw in the crops Along the way. It seems as though we have never seen a year when there was so great a difference in the quality of the crops grown, and there has never been a time when we have felt more willing and determined to do all in our power to help bring our farming up to the same high level so much of It now occupies. AdB' blin, ab0,rt Subscribe for The Evening Times. Monarch and Har- rison's I PAINTS CARRIED IN STOCK J. H. 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