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START OF AN INVENTOR.
1 WhM Tell* of Hb Early Stru- A Hl» First Sweets. James Creelman, In Pearson'* Maga ilne. Turning from the sweep and glitter of American prosperity to the men wtab have made It possible, one thinks or Thomas Alva Edison. His Is "the honest life, the useful life, the friend ly life," that deserves earnest atten tion In this astonishing year of moral incendiarism. "We are groping on the verge of an other great epoch in the world's his tory," he said to me not long ago. "It would not surprise me any morning .to wake up and learn that someone, or some group, of the 300,000 scienti fic men who are Investigating all over the earth has seised the secret of elec tricity by direct process, and begun another practical revolution of humani affairs. It can be done. It will be done. I expect to see It before I die. I expect to see airships flying before my death. Such a discovery will make it possible to drive ships across «h6 *ea by electricity at a rate of 40 or •60 miles an hour—three days across the Atlantic! from shore to shore. "I worked as a Western Union op erator in Detroit, Memphis, Louisville and Boston," said Mr. Edison, "and all the time I studied and experimented with electricity. The first serious thing I Invented was an electrical ma chine to count votes in congress. I had been handling press reports as an operator, and I noticed it took a long time to count the votes after each roll call. My machine would show the total vote a few seconds after the roll call. I thought the device was a good one, and I think so now. But when I went to Washington and showed it to the chairman of the committee he said: 'Young man. that works ail right, but it's the last thing on earth we want here. Filibustering and a de lay in the count of the vote are often the only meanB we have for defeating bad legislation.' I was sorry but I ought to have thought of that before. "My next practical invention was the quadruplex telegraph. I started In to work it on the Atlantic and Pacific telegraph line between Rochester and New York. But there was a chump at the other end of the wire and the demonstration ended in a fiiszle. It was years before the quadruplex was adopted. Then I joined hands with a man named Callahan, and we got up several Improved types of stock-tick ers. These Improvements were a suc cess. When the day of settlement for my Inventions approached I began to wonder how much money I would get. I was pretty raw and knew nothing about business, but I hoped that I ml^t get $5,000. I dreamed of what I could do with big money like that, of the tools and other things I could buy to work out new inventions. But I knew Wall street to be a pretty bad place, and had a general suspicion that a man was apt to get beat out of his money there. So I tried to keep my hopes down but the thought of $5,000 kept rising in my mind. Well, one day I was sent for by the president of the Gold & Stock Tele graph company to talk about a settle ment for my improvements. He was General Marshall Lefferts, Colonel of the Seventh Regiment. I tell you, I was trembling all over with embarass ment, and when I go in his presence my vision of $5,000 began to vanish. When he asked me how much I want IS Marvelous Musical Entertainer IMPROVED OFFER YET 7 and 8 inch 10 inch 12 inch ed I was afraid to speak. I feared that If I mentioned $5,000 I might get nothing at all. That was one of,the most painful and exciting moments of my life. My, how I beat my brains to know what to say! Finally I'said, 'suppose you make me an offer!' "By what time I was scared. I was more than scared. I was paralyzed. 'How would $40,000 do?' asked General LeffertB. "It was all I could ]o to keep my face straight and my knees from giv ing way. I was afraid he would hear my heart beat. With a great effort I said as calmly as I could, 'I guess that'll be ail right.' "With that money I opened a new shop and worked out apparatus for the Western Union Telegraph com pany. My automatic telegraph, which handled 1,000 words a minute between New York and Washington, was bought out by Jay Gould and the Wes tern Union company. It is in litiga tion yet. "Then the quadruplex was Installed. I sold that to Jay Gould and the West ern Union company for $30,000. The next Invention was the mimeograph, a copying machine. "When Bell got out his telephone the transmitter and receiver were one. Professor Orton of the Western Union company asked me to do something to make the telephone a commercial suc cess. I tackled it and got. up the pres ent transmitter. The Western Union company eventually made millions of dollars out of it. I got $100,000 for it. "Looking over the whole country," said Mr. Edison, "I have come to the conclusion that the greatest factor in our progress has been the newspaper press. Russia is much bigger than this country in every way. She has a tremendous population and immense natural resources. Yet she Is 50 times slower. Why? Because she lacks the power of a free press. She cannot unite or harmonize her forces. But when we want to do anything in America the newspapers take it up. Everybody reads the newspapers, everybody knows the situation, and we all act together." "THIS IS MY 68rd BIRTHDAY," S Joseph McKenna. Justice Joseph McKenna of the United States supreme court is a Philadelphian who removed to Cali fornia in his twelfth year and after ward became an emient lawyer. He was born )n the Quaker City, Aug. 10, 1843, and attended St. Joseph's college there In his early youth. In 1855 he removed with his parents to Senicia, California, where he completed his education In the public schools and at a collegiate institute, where he studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1865 and in his early professional career was twice elected district at torney of his county. He was a mem ber of the California legislature In 1875-6. 4p8tice McKenna was a member of the forty-ninth, fiftieth, fifty-first and fifty-secpnd congresses, having re signed in 1893 to accept the position of United States circuit judge. In March, 1897, President McKinley made him attorney-general in his cabinet, and the following January he yas ap pointed to the Bupreme court bench to succeed Justice Field. Justice McKenna occupies a hand some home in Washington, where his wife and daughters are prominent in official society. most Nothing TO PAY DOWN I Just What You Want VICTOR. Talking si Singing Machine Plays the beautiful perfected Operatic Records, Band Records, Orchestra Records, Male Quartette Records, Song Records. Banjo Records. Knbelik Violin Records, Calve Records. AIX TSBSB RECORDS an given with a PURR SIH01MG TQHS. Almost nothing to pay down on the VICTOR THE BEST Pay us Cor records and a vary on O* Victor, to pay for it 30 day* later fa EASY THIS GREAT OFFER HADE TO AIX THE GOOD PEOPLE OP THIS VICnflTY. Complimentary Concerts daily in our state. You an coidialljr invited. Will you not come and hear the Hew Improved Victor? Victor Talking Machine Records CUSTER MASSACRE STORY. How First News of Little Big Hon Was Published. 9 Helena, Mont., Aug. 8.—Deputy Postmaster A. J. Fisk, of Helena, for yearB a veteran newspaper man, hav ing with his brothers published Mon tana's first daily newspaper "The .Helena Herald"—was In a reminiscent mood the other evening, and related the story of how the first news of the Custer massacre was given the world through the medium of a press asso ciation. He said A little more than thirty years ago Custer and hlB brave troopers laid down their lives on the hills sur ,rounding the Little Big Horn, in east ern Montana. I have noticed that every year erroneous reports gain cir culation as to how the news of the massacre, so called, was first given to the world. Being pretty well known in the state as a newspaper man of the earlier period, my word will doubt Jess be taken, but if anyone questions my assertion I have proof in the files of "The Herald." As was the custom in the early days, "The Herald" did not publish a paper on the Fourth of July, and editors and printers were supposed to put in the .whole day in celebrating. At that time in 1876, I was the Associated Press •agent of Helena, a position which I filled for a period of thirty years, or lip to two years ago. About noon on the Fourth of July, 1876, 1 came down town to see If there was any news of importance to wire to the association. I was sitting in the business office, .when in the door walked Horace Coun tryman, dusty, dirty, with haggard eyes and looks, and having the ap pearance of one who was about "all in." 1 sprang to the counter, grasped ,him by the hand, exclaiming "Coun tryman, what in God's name is the matter?" "Jack," he replied, "Custer and all .with him are dead—were massacred on the Little Big Horn by the Sioux. Jtfugglns Taylor, the scout, brought the •news to Stillwater. He being exhaust ed, I volunteered to bring the news to Bozeman. Arriving at Bozeman, I found the government wire down, so I got'a fresh horse and came on to .Helena." The news seemed incredible and I inquired if be could give me the par ticulars. He said he could. 1 told him to come in and sit down and wait for a moment until I could send out and try to locate some printers in order that we might get out an extra. Our foreman, the late William Mc Catchey, was located, but it was per haps an hour before we had a force distributing type and getting ready for the extra. Then countryman gave me he particulars of the dreadful afTair, as conveyed to him by Muggins Taylor. He spoke rapidly, fluently, and it was a difficult matter to keep within firing distance, as in those days the type writer and stenographer were unknown in this section. To this day I remem ber one of his sentences: "Curley, the Indian scout and the only person who escaped to bring the news, said the firing was very rapid it sounded like the snapping of the threads in the tearing of a blanket." At 4 o'clock in the afternoon "The Herald" extra was on the streets of Helena. It was the first news of the awful event to be given to the public. The excitement was so great and our force so limited that I did not find time to send the news out of the city until 35 60 $1.00 CASH OR MONTHLY PAYMENTS GFAND PORKS, N. b. after the extra was out. Then I grabbed a copy of the extra and made fast time to the Western Union tele graph office. There was only one wire but Manager-operator Fredericks laid all else aside and gave the massacre jstory preference, with the result that on the morning of July 5 all the news papers of the country contained news Of the massacre. There was little rest for me the .night of July 4. Every fifteen minutes or so there would be a ring at my door bell, announcing a telegram from some paper demanding further details of the .awful affair. I remember one New York paper having authorized me to send scouts to secure additional newB. ,1 Informed the papers that our com plete story had been given the Asso ciated Press and that further details would come from Bismarck, when the •scouts reached that city, whieh they .did on the following day, and it was .through these couriers that on July ,6 the government at Washington re ceived its official dispatches. These detailed facts, I believe, have .never before been published. I dis claim any desire for notoriety in the premises, but In History Helena and Montana scouts and frontiersmen should have the credit for furnishing to the world the first news of Custer's fate, and not the couriers who reached Bismarck on July 5. In my long ex perience as a reporter and newspaper man, this was my greatest "scoop." "THIS DATE IN HISTORY," AUGUST 10. 1388—Douglas slain at battle of Chevy Chase, England. 1669—Henrietta Marie, Queen of Charles I., born. 1675—Greenwich Observatory estab lished. 1759—Ferdinand VI. of Spain, died. Succeeded by Cbarles III. 1782—Sir Charles James Napier, born. 1792—The Swiss Kuard killed in an attack on the Tuilerles in Paris. 1821—Missouri admitted as. a state. 1846—Smithsonian Institution at Washington founded. 1861—Battle of Wilson's Creek, Mo. 1874—Marshal Bazaine escaped from the Isle of Ste. Marguerite. 1878—International monetary con ference opened at Paris. 1184—Severe earthquake felt among Atlantic Coast. 1885—James W. Marshall, discoverer of gold in California, died. 1187—One hundred excursionists killed In railroad wreck at Forest, 111. 1888—Maxwell, the murderer of Charles A. Preller, hanged in St. Louis. 1891—United States vessels ordered to China because of disturbance. 1893—Geary act enforced. First Chinaman deported from San Fran cisco. 1894—Earthquake shocks felt in Memphis, Tenn. 1904—Waldeck-Rousseau. French statesman, died. Born Dec. 2, 1S46. 1905—President Roosevelt addressed large meeting of miners at Wilkes Barre, Pa. CHAUTAUQUA ASSEMBLY. Associated Fran to The Gnalag Tlinea. Columbia, Mo., Aug. 10.—The annual assembly of the Columbia Chautauqua opened today under conditions that in dicate a most successful session. Sec retary of the Treasury Shaw is scheduled for an address tomorrow. Other prominent speakers and lec turers to be heard during the ten day's of the assembly are Senator Benjamin R. Tillman, Rev. Sam Jones and Father Nugent. The lines represented here are in daily use in thousands of American homes* Can you ask for a better testi monial of their reliability? YOU CAN WISH FOR NOTHING BETTER You Can Buy Right 8 $ $••$•?•$•§£'$•$•$£•$• CROP REPORTS. Secretary Looafe Gets Seme Good Ones From the State. $ Fargo Forum: Sargent county which in, years past has been regarded as a poor region for raising wheat is cer tain to have an extraordinary bumper crop of grain as well as barley, oats and flax this year, according to a reliable report received from George E. McWilliams, president of the Cogs welt state bank. In response to an inquiry from the Northwestern Sav ings & Loan association of this city, Mr. McWilliams has written a letter to Herbert L. Loomls, secretary of the association, stating that there was ev ery prospect of a wheat yield of the phenomenal proportions of fifty bush els to the acre in some parts of the county and that the average crop all over the county would be at least twenty-live bushels. Not only /is an Immense amount of wheat been raised there but Mr. McWilliams states that there will be extraordinary crops of flax, oats, bar ley, speltz and practically everything else that js grown in the vicinity and there seems to have been no damage from rust or other causes. McWil liams' report is a glowing one through out. He says in part: "I have seen many fields of wheat that will thresh out forty to fifty bushels to the acre and I do not be lieve that the average yield of the county will fall below twenty-five bushels. Speltz and barley will yield forty to fifty bushels, oats forty to 100 bushels. "Corn and flax are making a good showing in fact they have never been in better condition here. "The county has an increased acre age this year and should nothing lap pen between now and harvest we will have as good a crop as we have ever had. There is little or no damage from rust. The barley harvest is well under way and I saw wheat yesterday that was ready to cut." While McWilliams' report is the most optimistic one of a reliable char acter that has yet been received here this season and is particularly sur prising as coming from thesouth eastern part of the state almost all the news which is coming from the north and west is of a very encourag ing character. A banker writing from Westhope in Bottineau county states that while hail has done a little damage there is certain to be a big crop in that vi cinity this year and the average yield will probably be twenty-flve bushels to the acre. From Rolla In Rolette county comes a report that contains some rather interesting and remarkable statements. These are to the effect that while fife wheat has suffered some damage from red rust the disease seems to have absolutely no effect on durum wheat which Is making a fine showing. Another unique feature of the crop outlook in that county is that the har vest is five days earlier in the west ern part of the county than in the eastern. The crop there will be more than the avetage, according to the re port, and the only danger lies in the fact that it will be about two weeks later than usual, harvesting to begin in the western portion of the county on Aug. 20 and in the eastern part Aug. 25. THE tEADs O. YOUNG'S FURNITURE a MUSIC HOUSE 123-126-129 S. Third St., Grand Forks, North Dakota Williams county makes an equally favorable showing according to a re port received by Mr. Loomis from a THE HOUSE OF MUSIC TPHE WORLD'S BEST PIANOS* ORGANS and MUSICAL SUPPLIES* represented in Grand Forks by GRAND FORKS' GREATEST MUSIC HOUSE. You owe it to ourseli to have the best. Our goods are selected from among those lines thdt have won a reputation by being the best. All WORLD, Obtain- reliable Bource. This is to the effect that the crop outlook is excellent and harvesting has already begun. The condition of late sown grain, much of which was put in by the homeseekers who have taken up land there by the thousands this year was a little doubt ful a short time ago but the recent heavy rains have done away with all danger and a splendid yield is now assured. From this statement it seems evident that many of the homestead ers that went up there this spring and have broken up a large quantity of land should be able to derive almost enough from their first crop to pay for their claims when they come to commute. BUTTER FROM SIBERIA. Important Export Trade Owes Ori gin to an English Woman. Nothing is more remarkable in the commercial history of the last gen eration, says the London Estate Maga zine, than the growth of the butter making industry of Western Siberia. It is one of the first results of the construction of the railway, and from the point of view of the general well being of the peasant population, the most promising outcrop of the condi tions now prevailing. It is at present the main resource of the inhabitants of the entire region. During the suc cession. of bad harvests previous to last year, which crippled the earnings of the peasants and entailed a general stagnation of business in a country so exclusively dependent on the crops as Western Siberia, the income derived from the sale of their milk and butter saved the peasants from much of the suffering and destitution that must otherwise Inevitably have befallen them. Previous to 1893 no butter was produced in Siberia for export abroad. The first to make butter under modern methods in Siberia was an English woman married to a Russian, whose dairy farm at Chernaia Retichka, in the district of Tiumen, was in 1886 the only one in Siberia, and is still a well known model of Its kind. In 1893 Mr. Wolkoff, a Russian, opened near Kourgan, the first dairy producing butter for export beyond the Urals 14,000 pounds were ex ported in 1894. Ten years later but ter making had become the staple in dustry of the country as regards in ternational trade, and the chief re source of its peasant population. Over 2,000 dairies are now scattered over Western Siberia, their export in 1903 being 2,185,000 pounds, or 78,904,720 pounds. Butter thanks solely to the Siberian supply, now occupies sixth place in value In the Russian export trade, and promises to exceed all other items except grain. The British mar ket is Siberia's largest customer. Den mark acting a$ forwarding agent. In 1899 the import from Russia was so inconsiderable as to be merely in cluded in the board of trade returns under "other countries." In 1900 it forced its way to an individual head ing, the exports from Russian amount ing to 378,452 hundred-weight. Last year the butter exports from Russia, about 30,000,000 rubles. DEPUTY EXAMINER. 0. 1. Olson of Fargo Receives a New State Appointment. Bismarck. N. D., Aug. 10.—O. J. Ol son of Fargo has resigned from the land commissioner's office and has been appointed one of the deputy pub lic examiners, and will commence on his duties as soon as his wife's con dition will allow him, it being report ed here that she is critically ill. ARE THE BEST 4 N Embody All the Virtues of the ARTISrS PIANO Tone, Quality, Ease of Action, Case Beauty And Great Durability. The same is true of all of our Pianos- The A. B. CHASE, KREIL, EMERSON and many others. WHOLESALE PRICES PAGE THRU Mf»EITS WINED The Evening Times alms to make a feature in its columns of county and state news. It Is desirous of securing a reliable correspondent in every town in the state, and items are wanted by wire (when very Important), 'phone, or letter. The daily is issued every evening and Important news will ba received up till 3 o'clock, though cor respondents should make an effort to get their copy in earlier. To anyone to whom such manner of work appeals, the dally will be sent free of charge, prepaid, as long as they may serve and other bsulness arrange ments may be made with the managing-' editor. Every village and town in the state —particulary In the northern part should be represented in these col umns. It tg a good advertlsment for the town. Those desiring to serve In' the capacity of representative, should address this office and stamped en-' velops will be forwarded, together with stationary. SaSKeatloaat The following area number of ex cellent suggestions as to the news that ciaBS of is desired. Alleged jokes and. digs" should be earnestly avoid ed. Accidents to persons or prooertv. Amusements, entertainments. ti^nn Cr8a Persons or socle- Annual meetings. Assaults, attempted murder. Associations or companies formed. Balls, dances. Baptisms, continuations. Building improvements, changes. Burglaries, larcencies. Card parties. Changes in business. Church matters. Clergymen exchanging. Concerts, musicaies. condition of business. Contested wills. Crops, usual prices, quantities, and yields. Deaths. ^Dedications, installations, ordlna Discoveries, antiquities, relics, curi osities. Dissolution of firms. Divorces. Early fruits and vegetables. Elections of officers. Epidemics. Fairs, festivals, festivities. Fires. Forest fires—acres burned over. Former residents' movements, visits. Funerals. Improvements, public or private. Important lawsuits. Important action of public authori ties. Investments, patents. Lectures—subject. Local sentiment as to school, tax. liuour laws. Marriages. Murders. Musical matters, societies. New buildings, factories, additions. New firms or partners. Obituaries of prominent persons. Parties, birthday or social. Parties leaving town to locate else where. Personal items. Political rallies, caucuses, conven tions. Presentations. Reunions, receptions. Public bequests. Public demonstrations, meetings. Runaways, collisions—if damages, the results. Schools, terms, teachers, vacations. Social affairs. Societies' doings, fraternal or secret. Strikes, labor troubles. Sudden deaths, their cause. Suggestions for local Improvements. Suicides—full particulars. Town meetings .town officers' re ports. Violations of law. Wedding anniversaries. A Staple Role. Who? Wliyf Wheat Where? What* and How? Every printed item should answer, so far as possible, all of the above si£ questions.