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THE EVENING TIMES
The Brightest, Newsiest and Beat evening Newspaper In North Dakota. VOL. 1, NO. 266. TED' SCOOPED FINE His Thanksgiving Proclama tion Came Ahead of Those in the States. HOLIDAY IS PECULIARLY 11 MEM FESTIVAL History of Thanksgiving, How the Caslom First Came to be Obserred in America—How President Roose velt and His Family Will Celebrate —Will Hare Customary Big Turkey. (By E. C. Snyder.) Washington, D. C., Nov. 19.—Pres ident Roosevelt "scooped" the .govern ors of the various states when he an nounced the date for Thankgining day, and yet everyone In the country, who pays any attention to legal holidays knew long ago that Thursday the 29th day of November would certainly be designated as the day for national thanksgiving and prayer. In fact the almanac and calendar makers "called the "turn on the date more than a year ago. President Lincoln was the first chief magistrate to annually name a day for general thanksgiving and for about forty years now the last Thursday in November has been the day selected. Hiis holiday is peculiarly an Amer ican festival, for while all Christian nations, or nations in which the Chris tian religion predominates among the people, celebrate the natal-day-of the Saviour on the 2&tb of December, no other sets apart annualy a day for general feasting and thanks for bless ings received. Thanksgiving In the abstract is an annual religious festival suggested by the Hebrew feast of tabernacles, or feast of Ingathering at the end of the year. The occasional observance of a day tor thanksgiving formerly recom mended 'by the civil authorities was not unusual in Europe. Such a day was observed in Leyden, Holland, on Oct. 3, 1575, the first anniversary of the deliverance of that city from •siege. in 1608 the Pilgrim church, exiled from England, went to Rolland, and remained there till 1620, when it set off the Mayflower colony to New Eng land. After the first harvest of the colonists at Plymouth in 1621, Gov ernor Bradford set-out four men. .with fowling pieces that they "might after a more special manner rejoice to gether." In July, 1623, a day of fasting and prayer, was appointed on account of drouth. Rain came abundantly while they were praying, and the governor appointed a day of thanksgiving, which was observed with religious services. The Charlestown records sho wa sim ilar change of fast day into thanks giving in 1631 on account of the ar rival of supplies from Ireland. In June, 1632, Governor Wlnthrop of Massachusetts Bay colony, recom mended a day of thanksgiving for the action of the British Privy council fa vorable to the colonies, and Invited the governor of Plymouth to unite with him. There is a record of the official appointment of days of thanksgiving in Massachusetts Bay in 1632, 1634, 1637, 1638 and 163S. Sometimes thanksgiving was held more than one day in the year. In Plymouth such days were held In 1651, 1668 and 1680. It was also held In the years 1689 and 1690, when the form of the recom mendation indicates that it had be come an annual custom. Occasional thanksgiving days were appointed by the Dutch governors of New Netherland in 1644,1645,1655 and 1656, and by the English governors of New York in 1755 and 1760. During the revolution Thanksgiving day was a national institution, being annually recommended by congress. After the general thanksgiving for peace in 1784, there was no national appointment until 1789, when Presi dent Washington, by request of con gress, advised a day of thanksgiving for the adoption of the constitution. Washington issued a second thanks giving proclamation in 1795 on ac count of the suppression of the insur rection. President Madison, by request of congress, recommended thanksgiving for peace in April 1N15. The official recommendation of Thanksgiving day was mainly confined to New England, where regular annual proclamations were Issued by the governors of the states. The day was observed almost generally with religious services, and was the principal social and home fes tival of the year. The prayer book of the Protestant Episcopal church, ratified in 1789, rec ommends for a day of thanksgiving the first Thursday in November, un less another day be appointed by the civil authorities. There were occa sional recommendations by other reli gious bodies, and various local cus toms prevailed in different parts of the country. However, Ihe day was not regularly recommended by the gov ernor of New York until 1817. and its adoption in the southern states was much later. In 1855 Governor Johnson, of Vir ginia, recommended a day of thanks- JUDGE C. J. FISK Who Will Qualify for the Supreme Court in Near Future. giving. Two years later Governor Wise was requested to do so, but de clined, because he deemd himself un authorized to interfere in religious matters. A year later, 1855, thanks giving proclamations were issued by the governors of eight of the southern states. During the civil war President Lincoln Issued proclamations recom mending special thanksgiving for vic tory in 1862 and 1863, and a national proclamation of the annual Thanks giving day jn 1863 and 1864. Since then such a proclamation has been Issued annually by the president, as well as by the governors of the various states and the mayors of some of the principal cities. Custom has fixed the time for the last Thursday in Novem ber. In accordance with this, on Oct. 22, President Roosevelt set apart "Thursday, the 29th day of the present month of November, as a day of thanksgiving and praises, to be kept and observed by all the people of our land." President Roosevelt is in Panama at present but he expects to be back in Washington in time to enjoy his Thanksgiving diner with his family. The customary turkey is to be sent from Rhode Island and in addition there will a possum from Virginia, sweet potatoes from Maryland, pump kins from Oyster Bay, concocted into pies and all sorts of seasonable del icacies from all sections of the coun try. The presidential family lives very moderately under ordinary cir cumstances. There are no spreads each day but on festive occasions like Thanksgiving day and Christmas the Roosevelt children enjoy exactly the same kind of feast as do most good healthy American "kids." They are usually permitted to indulge in copious quantities of substantiate and sweets and like similar youngsters all over the world they suffer from the same troubles which invade the couches of 90 per cent fthe American boys and girls who overdo matters at the table on Thanksgiving day. MITOROER E District Court Asked to Direct Issuance of Election Cer tificate. QUESTION IS ONE OF LAW Votes in City of Grand Forks Bone of Contention—Legal Proposition. The county superintendent contro very took on a new turn today when application was made before Judge Fisk at Lakota for a directing injunc tive order requiring the board of can vassers to issue the certificate of elec tion to W. R. A. Calder, the republican candidate. This action is taken pre paratory to a regular contest of the election, Should such a course be nec essary. It is probable that a contest will be made no matter which side is successful in the preliminary fight. The whole matter will hinge upon the construction of the law relative to the votes of the city. SECRETARY BOOT TO SPEAK. Aaaoelatod Preaa to The Kvi-nlnn Tlur* Kansas City, Mo.. Nov. 19.—Secre tary Root., who is here to attend the meeting of the Trans-Mississippi Com mercial, congress, has accepted an in vitation to deliver the principal ad dress at the twelfth annual banquet tonight of the Kansas City Commer cial club, commemorating the 112th anniversary of the John Jay treaty between the United States anil Great Britain. Another-notable guest at the banquet. Is to be John Jay Schieffelln. a gieatgrandson of Jolin Jay, first chief justice of the United Stutes, who prepared the treaty between this coun try and England. IumMM Prru to The Bveatas Tloaea. Seattle. Wash., Nov. 19.—The steam er Dix, Captain Plermon, bound from Seattle to Port Blakely with passen gers, sank two miles north of Alki Point shortly after 7 o'clock last night after having collided with the steamship Jeanie, Captain P. H. Mason of the Alaska Coast company. Forty one passengers and members of the crew of the Dix a missing and thirty-nine were saved. The Dix is a total wreck. The Jeanie was not in jured in the least and no member of her crew was lost. The master of the Dix was saved. The collision oc curred while the sound was almost as smooth as a mill pond and after the boats had been steaming within sight of each other for a quarter of an hour. The Jeanie was backing when she collided with the Dix, and the impact was very slight. The Dix was struck abaft of amidships on the starboard side. She listed heavily to port for a brief period, righted herself, then sank stern first. There was hardly time to launch the life rafts or boats before she was almost entirely submerged.' Passen gers jumped from the decks into the water, women screamed and officers and men called orders that could hardly be heard above the diu. The passengers from the Dix who could swim made their way to the sides of the Jeanie and were dragged aboard. The Jeanie was not moved until arter all who had reached her had been hauled aboard. Then she cruised about picking up several who' had Sprr.lBl to KILLED A FEW. Two More Russian Disorders Reported in Warsaw Dispatches. ImwiMnl Pma Cable to The Rvnlu llnien. Warsaw, Russian Poland, Nov. 19.— A daring terrorist attack was made .in the street this morning on ths col lector of government alcohol stores, who was escorted by two soldiers. The terrorists killed one soldier, wounded the collector and seized a bag containing $1,000. The remain ing soldier fired wildly, killed one passer-by and wounded another, whereupon the terrorists dropped their booty and escaped. He Forgot Something. A Topeka banker has disappeared, but strange to relate the bank's funds are intact.—Rochester Post-Express. A SQUARE DEAL FOR ALL HE, SB ALMOST EVENING TIMES managed to stay above water. It Was after 10 o'clock before the Jeanie left the scene of the catastrophe and steamed to the Virginia street dock, Seattle, with her thirty-nine sur vivors. The Jeanie, of the Alaska Coast comapny, had finished unloading at the Great Northern docks at Smith's Cove and had started for Tacoma shortly before 7 o'clock just about the same time as the Dix left the flyer dock for Port Blakley. There were no passengers on the Jeanie. The Dix was making her last trip of the night and was well filled with pas sengers. When within about two miles north of Alki Point the two steamers were within a short distance of each other,' steaming ^long converging lines. The captain of the Jeanie says he signalled for the Dix to pass him and his whistle was answered. The Dix was then within speaking distance of the Jeanie and to the port of her. Suddenly Mate Dennls^n, who was at the wheel of the Dix, put her hard over to starboard as if to cross in front of the other vessel. Captain Mason of the Jeanie, who was on the bridge, saw that an accident was im minent and called out a warning to the man at the wheel' of the Dix. Captain Mason gave a signal to re verse his engines and his vessel was slowly backing away when they came together. There was but a slight crash, the force of the collision from the Dix coming against the. side of tb« larger vessel, and not that oi the heavier craft against the smaller. Engine Killed Two Italians Kvc»I»« Tl«ne». men were engaged near the stock They have been emploved on the regu Minot, N. D., Nov. 19.—Two em ployes of the Great Northern, Vincenz yards ln Ransa and Frank Lagitta. Italians, tracks when they met their death. an inquest will be held over their were killed here this morning under They failed to notice the approach of remains to fix the responsibility fc.r the wheels of an engine. The two the engine until too late to escape. their death. ICE MEN IX SESSION. tnwIMnl Prnti to The Krealag Tlari. Columbus, Ohio, Nov. 19.—The an nual convention of the Middle States ice Producers' Exchange began in this city today, with headquarters at the Chittenden hotel. More than ordinary interest is manifested in the proceed ings of this year's meeting owing to the prosecutions of the ice dealers in Toledo and other cities of the state during the past summer for alleged illegal combination to raise prices. I Whether the convention will take any action in regard to this matter the members refuse to state. The pres ident of the organization is Robert R. I Reynolds, of Cincinnati, and the secre tary, C. M. Klnnaird. of this city. ONTARIO DEPARTMENT STORE shoveling snow from the lar section crew for some time and GRAND F0RK8. NORTH DAKOTA, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1906. EIGHT PAGES-PRICE FIVE CENTS. LOST IN SEA ACCIDENT For a minute all was still, then panic followed. When the Dix started to sink, stern first, the passengers and members of the crew leaped into the sound. Some of the passengers huddled togethar in groups on the deck while others knelt in prayer. Women who had little chance for the. lives, stayed with the sinking steamer and were drowned as in a trap. Captain Plermon of the Dix was among those picked up out of the water by the crew of the Jeanie. He said: "I don't think the vessel was very badly damaged by the collision. It was heeling over on her port beam that caused her loss. She filled with water as soon as she went over and took her down. "As to the cause of the accident I cannot say. I was not on deck and don't know how it happened. I heard my mate signal either one or two whistles, I am not sure which. I also heard him ring the stop bell. I can not understand myself how it could have happened. "The night was almost as clear as day and the sea was smooth. This is the first accident that has hap pened on any ship of mine during the thirteen years I have been running on the sound." Captain Plermon is a well known navigator and has the reputation of being one of the ablest sound pilots leaving Seattle. The Dix sank in 100 fathoms of water. The Jeanl?, a "government launch scout and several tugs have gone to the scene of the wreck to search for bodies.' ALLEGES ILLEGAL RESTRAINT. Providence, R. I., Nov. 19.—Consid erable interest is being manifested ln the case of Simon G. Croswell, of Cam bridge, Mass., who was before the su preme court today with a petition, pre pared by himself, seeking a writ of habeas corpus. Croswell is a Harvard graduate and the son of a distinguish ed legal authority. He alleges that he is illegally restrained at the But ler hospital for the insane here, and he charges abduction front Massachu setts. He was sent to the asylum in April of last year, his relatives stat ing that he suffered from hallucina tions, the result of mental overwork. Croswell claims that the certificate of commitment contains no statement that he is insane and needs restraint, lie says that he has been under close guard and that he was prevented from writing to his friends. ONLY 39 PEOPLE SAVED CHARLES A. GROW One of Minot's Prosperous Business Men, Formerly of Grand Forks. IN MEMORY OF HAMPTON. Aaaoetated Preaa to Tho Rnalai Tlan. Columbia, S. C., Nov. 19.—The hand some statue erected by the state of South Carolina in honor of her dis tinguished warrior and statesman. General Wade Hampton, will be un veiled tomorrow with ceremonies on an extensive scale. Visitors are al ready arriving in the city to attend the ceremonies and the morning trains are expected to bring many more from all over the state. A military parade will precede the unveiling and the ad dresses will be delivered by speakers of wide prontinence. Gen. Marion C. Butler, who fought with Gen. Hamp ton and was one of his most Intimate friends, haa accepted an invitation to deliver the principal adress at the un veiling. CIVIL SERVICE REFORM. AuHMriat*4 Pftit to The Kraala* Ttaeo. New Haveij, Conn., Nov. 19.—Many public men of prominence were pres ent today at the formal opening of the twenty-sixth annual meeting of the National Civil Service Reform league. During the quarter of a century since it was founded the league has seen civil service rules supplant the "spoils" system in numerous departments of federal, state and municipal govern ments. the success of the movement being due in no small measure to the earnest work and, continuous efforts of the league. The program of the present meeting covers two days and provides for addresses by President Daniel Coit Gilman, of the Carnegie institution Henry F. Greene, of the United States civil service Commis sion Mayor W. F. Henney, of Hart ford President Hadley, of Yale uni versity, and Secretary of the Navy Bonaparte. Secretary Bonaparte is one of the pioneer members of the league, as it also President Roose velt.<p></p>FEDERAL COURT TO I Few Civil Actions and Crim inal Actions Will be Tried. MANY RAILROAD SUITS Walker Was Shot and Holds Railroad Responsible for the Fact. The federal court convenes here tomorrow. There are three civil ac tions on the calendar. A. Walker vs. the Great Northern. Clara Clark vs. the Great Northern. Frank Jones vs. the Northern Pa cific. Walker claims that a Great North ern brakeman shot him while a* Michigan. Mrs. Clark claims to have received injuries in the depot at Hills boro and Frank Jones claims to have had his feet cut off by a Northern Pacific train. The John Bystrom suit against the Soo has been continued over the term. The federal grand jury at Fargo returned twenty-eight indictments Saturday evening, and the following eight, who will probably be tried here were announced: George lx»sey, of breaking into the postofRce at Lisbon. Alex Peltier, charged of selling liquor to Indians of the Turtle Moun tain Indian reservation. He is In jail at Rolla. John Kappelston, charge of smug gling across the international bound ary line. W. B. Libby, charge of stealing property seized by the customs offi cers at Portal. Modest Kaplette, charge of introduc (Coatlaaed oa Pace 8.) THE EVENING TIMES Stands for North Dakota at all Times and Under all Circumstances. IS AT CITY Trans-Mississippi Commercial Convention Begins Four Day's Session. OVER 1,500 DELEGATES ARE EXPECTED TO BE PRESENT Secretary Root Will IN- One ot princi pal Speakers—Irrigation an Iri portent Topic to be Considered. Also Trusts and Their Relation to Busi ness—Comercial Union Proposed. A»*ociotrd Preaa to The Bralag Tlmea. Kansas City, Mo., Nov. 19.—Every thing' is in readiness for the opening session of the Trans-Mississippi Com mercial congres, which is to begin a four days' session in Kansas City to morrow. it will be the seventeenth annual meeting of the congress. Secretary A. F. Francis estimates that there will be in the neighborhood of 1,500 delegates present when Chair man F. W. Fleming, of the executive committee, calls the meeting to order Every state west of the Mississippi river is expected to send its full quota of delegates and several of the com monwealths will be represented by their governors, congressmen and oth er public men. Tomorrow's sessions wit be devoted for the most .#Brt to the making o£ Welcoming addresses and responses: and the formal organization of the gathering. The sessions are to con tinue until Saturday. Secretary Root is to be the chief speaker before the congress. He has selected as his topic, "The Possibili ties of Establishing Direct Trade Re lations Between the Mississippi Val ley States and South and Centra I American Countries." The subjects scheduled for discus sion at the congress cover a wide va riety. As heretofore, irrigation and the opening of western rivers to nav igation will receive much attention. Trusts and their relation to business, government ownership of railways and other public utilities, the preservation of the forests, levees in Texas and Louisiana, harbor improvement, mer chant marine, drainage of public land, statehod, and Pan-American commer cial union, deep water from the lakes to the gulf, and naval construction on the Pacific coast are some of the other topics that will receive the attention of the congress. N TEXAS CLUB WOMEN. El Paso, Tex., Nov. 19.—The advance guard of delegates has put in an ap pearance for the ninth annua! conven tion of the Texas Federation of Wom en's clubs, which is to be held in El Paso this week. Tomorrow will be taken up with the reception of the vis itors and the regular business of the convention will begin Wednesday morning. Advices received by the ar rangements committee indicates that there will be a good attendance from all parts of the state. URGE RETIREMENT IN GRADE. Commission Firm Falls and Losses* Are Said to be Heavy. Washington. D. C.. Nov. li).--ln mil itary circles much interest is mani fested ln the forthcoming report of the special 'board on Personnel, of which Assistant Secretary of the Navy New berry is chairman. It is believed the principal features of the report will be the recommendation of a retire ment in grade for ago and the crea tion of a reserve list in addition to the retired list. THE SALOON MUST GO. Auti'Saloon League of America Meet ing Today at St. Louis, Mo. St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 19.—Temperance advocates of national prominence arc here In attendance on the annual con vention of the anti-saloon league of America, which has its formal open ing in the First Presbyterian church tonight. Tha national organization of the An ti- Saloon league was started more than a decade ago in Oberlin, Ohio, by the late Rev. J. H. Kynett of the church extension board of the Meth odist church, and Bishop Ireland. The object of the league, as is indi cated by its motto, "The Saloon Musi Go," Is the suppression of the liquor traffic. The league Is now organized In every state of the union. During the past few years it has taken a more or less active part ln politics and in some states, particularly in Ohio, it has made its influence felt in elections. Among the men who will be heard at the present convention are Judge Ben B.. Lindsey of Denver. Hon. John G. Woolley of Chicago, Rev. Ward Beecher Pickard of Buffalo, Governor J. Frank Hanly of Indiana, E. S. Chap man, D. D. of California, Dr. E. O. Taylor of Boston, and Bishop Luther B. Wilson, who is president of the league. The new mill in Wishek will be in operation in about two weeks. At. present there are ten men at work day and night in order to finish the struc ture.