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V' llCdUJ OIL 7' -^vt^MONDA^ MABOH25, 1907. r*~- lU By l", s. Seaator Haanbrough.) The widespread interest manifested in all sections of the country in the amendments to the denatured alcohol law enacted at 'the recent session of congress shows that the people of the United States are more than ever de sirous that the policy of tax-free alco hol for industrial purposes shall have a full and fair trial, under the most favorable conditions. No other eco nomic question discussed in congress during recent years has received half as much attention from the farmers, manufacturers, business organizations and general public as tho proposition to exempt from internal revenue taxa. tion alcohol made unflt for beverage purposes, and the sentiment in favor of tiie most liberal legislation govern ing the production, distribution and use J. S. & S. Marquisee & Co. Grand Forks, North Dak. u. S. Senator H. C. Hansbrough Tells History of Denatured Alcohol Legislation* and What It Is Hoped to Accomplish for the Farmer this new Industrial material Is overwhelming. History of the Legislation. In view of the general misunder standing which seems to exist as to the nature and effect of the legisla tion enacted by congress on this sub ject, I think it desirable to explain briefly the object of the law of June 7, 1906, which took effect on January 1, 1907, and the amendments to this law, enacted March 2, which will go into effect Sept. 1, 1907. The original law was intended to permit the use, free of internal reve nue tax, of all aclchol rendered unflt 'for consumption as a beverage, under regulations to be prescribed by the commissioner of internal revenue. At the time of Its enactment this law was supposed to be entirely satisfactory to both the producers and consumers of industrial alcohol, but it was found that the laws governing the production of ."distilled spirits," under which term alcohol and alcoholic compounds are taxed, imposed conditions which tend ed to confine the production of alcohol to large distilleries, and to make its manufacture by farmers or other per sons on a small scale too expensive to be practicable. It was also found that denatured alcohol could not be shipped In tank cars, a method of transporta tion which was highly desirable, as effecting a considerable reduction in its cost. As I had taken a deep interest in the matter I was naturally called upon by my constituents in North Dakota and the advocates of untaxed a|cohol throughout the country to aid in per fecting the laws relating to this sub ject so as to give the public all the benefits which it was expected would be derived from the. use of this new material. Early in the recent Besslon of congress I introduced in the sen ate a bill authorizing the use of small alcohol plants by farmers without the constant supervision of a government officer, and similar bills were subse quently introduced in the house. The nature of the desired amendments was carefully gone into by the committee on ways and means and the bill intro duced by Congressman Hill of Con OUR READY TO WEAR SECTION IS AGLOW WITH ELEGANCE BEAUTIFUL WAISTS ^*££5 We have aa extensive collection of Waists of exceptionally high charac ter* Without exception this is the grandest showing of beautiful Waists ever brought into the city. Plfl A TC & A P'lfPTC These Goats and Jackets are suit JALlliEiia able for all kinds of wear, from the Luxurious kind to the practical everyday servicable kind. All are of the most fashionable and correct styles. They vary in lengths and weight* Get our prices* l^PHllv Wpfii* Clinic The management of this de* necticut providing for the necessary changes in the former laws was promptly passed by the house. Opposition of Powerful Interests. When this bill reached the senate a violent opposition developed on the part of certain distillers, who protest ed against the provisions for small farm concerns, central denaturing warehouses and the transportation of alcohol in tank cars. For a timo it seemed that the selfish interests of these distillers would prevail, but the Influence of the farmers of the coun try (particularly those acting through the great organization known as the National Grange, Patrons of Husband ry) and of the manufacturers in the alcohol using industries, proved so strong that in spite of the opposition, which favored an amendment of the house bill that would practically null), fy its most Important sections, the senate by a vote of 47 to 16 struck out an amendment to this effect inserted by the committee on finance, and passed the bill by a vote of 65 to 1. In addition to the provisions allowing the operation of small denatured alco hol plants without cumbersomo bond ed warehouses, and permitting the transportation of denatured alcohol in tank cars, the act of March 2, 1907, provides for the use of untaxed alcohol in the manufacture of sulphuric ether, which had been prohibited under the construction placed upon tho origin-ii law, and for the establishment oi cen tral denaturing bonded warehouses, to which alcchol produced at farms or other denatured alcohol plants may bo shipped and thero denatured. The use of tax-free alcohol in the produc tion of sulphuric ether will greatly re duce the cost of that material, and permit its general use for many in dustrial purposes, one of the most im portant of which is the production of ethyl chloride, a material which pos sesses many advantages as a refriger ant for use in small meat packing es tablishments and for similar purposes. The establishment of denaturing bonded warehouses In various sections of the country, under the more liberal terms of the new law, will be a direct benefit to tho small manufacturers of industrial alcohol, as they can ship their product in tank cars to these warehouses, where the alcohol can be denatured and conveniently shipped to dealers or users. The enactment of these amendments perfects our laws relating to this sub ject, so that It is believed they are now itbe most liberal of any country in the world. Congress has opened tho way to this great industrial opportunity, and It remains for our enterprising farmers and manufacturers to take ad vantage of it. Plants With Locked Tanks. The effect of the amendment per mitting the manufacture of industrial alcohol by plants with locked tanks on a small scale without constant gov ernment supervision will be to make possible the establishment of manu y'Wfif* 'M' 1 -iX *, wear vJUlIb partment have done themselves proud in their masterly selection of handsome models. It is worth a trip down town to see the elaborate showing of Ladies Costumes* THE The Alcohol Potato an Insurance to the Farmer Against Losses on His Grain Crops factories producing ^not to exceed one hundred gallons per day, wherever their operation may .bo economically profitable, so that 'the product may be denatured on the premises. As is well known, the sections of the country in which the materials from which alco hol is produced can be secured at the lowest cost are, generally speaking, those In which the petroleum distil lates are sold at the highest price. There would seem to be no good rea son, therefore, why those sections of the country should not be enabled to produce denatured alcohol at a mini mum price, in such quantities as may be most convenient to the farmers or others who'may engage in its produc tion. The farmers of the country have a two-fold interest in the perfected, un taxed denatured alcohol law. As the largest consumers of kerosene for lighting purposes they are naturally desirous of securing a competing ma terial. It has been demonstrated that alcohol furnishes a brilliant, steady light at a cost comparing favorably with the price at which kerosene is generally sold in the farming sections of the country. Since alcohol Is free from the disagreeable odor of kero sene, burns without smoking lamp chimneys and is absolutely safe, it follows that a further reduction in its cost would make it a formidable com petitor with kerosene. Liquid Motor Fuel. The farmers are also more interest ed than any other class in tho ques tion oi an abundant supply oil liquid motor fuel for the internal combustion engines which are coming into general use on the farms in all sections of the country. The marked Increase In the use of these engines during the past few years has had the effect of ad vancing the price of gasoline, now the only available motor fuel, fully 300 per cent, and, unless some substitute can be secured, its cost will become prohibitive. In testimony submitted to the committee on ways and means by Prof. Blihu Thomson of the General Electric company it was shown that extended experiments had established the fact that when used in a properly constructed engine alcohol is a highly satisfactory motor fuel, a given quan tity producing as much energy as the same quantity of gasoline. That the substitution of denatured alcohol for gasoline is not merely a theory, but an accomplished fact, is shown by the experience of Germany, to which Mr. Goebbels of the Otto Gas Engine com pany refers as follows: "As to the total number o.' engines in use at that time (in 1903) in Ger many, statistics show that one central station in Berlin alono had contracts for supplying 1,011 alcohol engines. These were distributed among various industries as follows: Agricultural purposes 544 Pumping plants $4 Groceries 63 Electric light plants 52 Wood working machinery 45 Flour mills 40 Bakeries 33 Motor trucks 30 Boats •. 30 "The rest were used for general power purposes." Will Steady the Prices of Grain. One great advantage of the agricul tural interests of tho entire country THE EVENING TIMES, GRAND FORKS, N. D. FOR WOMEN AND GIRLS, MEN AND BOYS We are Representatives for the Renowned R. & G. Corsets. will be secured as the result of a workable law providing for untaxed denatured alcohol is that the price of those farm products from which it may be most cheaply produced can never fall below a 'point which would give the farmers a satisfactory profit. In other words, this legislation prac tically give sthe farmer a policy of in surance against loss in growing corn and potatoes. Corn at 30 cents per bushel would banish keroseno as a source of light and heat and gasoline as a source of power at present prices of these articles. At the present time gasoline of a poor quality costs the farmer in the northwestern states 22 to 30 cents per gallon, and all indications point to an increase in those prices, owing to the constantly Increasing demand in all sections oi tho country. With the greater safety oi alcohol at equal, or nearly equal, prices it would be pre ferred to gasoline, and tho demand for it as a motor fuel for farm engines alone would create a market for all surplus corn at a price of not less than 30 cents, and probably at 35 cents per bushel. With the assuranlce of an un limited demand for corn at a price that would avoid tho necessity o.! its ever being sold at a loss, and an en larged demand for potatoes, etc., the farmers can raise without fear oi a glutted market annual crops of these products very much larger than even the record crops of former years. Co'Operathc Manufactories. In my opinion tho most practicable way In which alcohol can be profitably produced by the farmers, for the pres ent at, least, is through the establisn ment of co-operative plants by a num ber of farmers in suitable localities. I believe that in such plants can lie utilized inferior and rejected grain, and at certain seasons starch-yielding veg etables, so as to supply the local de mand foi» denatured alcohol for light ing, heating and motor fuel purposes. The Alcohol Potato. I am advised by the United States department oi agriculture that they have recently imported samples oi po tatoes grown in Europe which have been found to give a very high per centage of alcohol, and that thero are varieties grown in this country, with which the department, is now "experi menting, which show a largo starch content In view of the fact, as shown in the report of the committee on ways and means perfecting the alcohol laws, that in the fiscal year of 1905 Germany used 91,148,182 bushels oi potatoes in the production of alcohol, there would seem to be no reason why in many sections oi this country tho cultiva tion of these special kinds of potatoes for use in the production of alcohol should not be found profitable bv our farmers. A matter of great importance in re lation to the capacity of our farms to produce practically unlimited quanti ties of the materials from which in dustrial alcohol is made is the fact that the growth, of these farm crops does not exhaust the soil. After the alcohol has been extracted from corn or potatoes these materials are still serviceable as cattle feed, in which form they ultimately find their way back to the land. Some disappointment has been ex perienced over the delay on the part of our manufacturers to furnish alco EASTER GLOVES lSded Supply and Demand. One difficulty which has served to delay the general use of untaxed de natured alcohol for domestic purposes, such as cooking, heating, etc., has been the high prices charged by the retail druggists, who, so far, are the only dealers handling this material. It is evidently not yet understood that as an industrial material denatured al cohol is on a different footing from that of tax-paid alcohol, so long dealt in by druggists, and that it will have to be sold at a much lower rate of profit than the latter material. I am advised that tax-free alcohol is now being sold f. o. b. at Peoria, 111., for 31 cents per gallon, while the general retail price is about 75 cents per gal lon. This would indicate that the ex pense of handling and retail dealer's profit are much too large, and if the conditions under which the retail price is so high are in any way due to the regulations or restrictions placed on the sale of the denatured product, it will be necessary to have these regu lations modified so that not only drug gists but grocers, hardware dealers, etc., can handle it. It must be remembered that this leg islation has been in effect for less than three months, and that its enactment found the country entirely unprepared to take advantage of the opportunities which it created. I am confident that after the amendments perfecting the law go into effect on September 1st of this year the production and consump tion of denatured alcohol will be very largely increased, and that all of the difficulties which have tended to hin der its use will soon be overcome. The United States should produce denat ured alcohol cheaper than any other country, and in view of the greater consuming power of our people the demand for it for industrial purposes should be proportionately large. KING AT AMERICAN'S WEDDING. .InoriMtd Prraa Cable to The Erealai Times. Dresden, March 25.—Henry K. Lack land, son of .Mr. and .Mrs. E. C. Lack land of St. Louis. Mo., was married here today to Miss Eltse von Ende, daughter of Baron von Ende, major general of the German army. The cer. emony was a brilliant one and was at tended by King Frederick Augustus and numerous persons high in official and social circles in Dresden. PKIESTS SILVER JUBILEE. Pittsburg, Pa., March 25.—The Rev. William Graham, pastor of St. Pat rick's church, today celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of his ordina tion to the priesthood. Father Graham was born in Ireland in 1858. He made his theological studies at the St. Sul plce seminary, Montreal, and afterward attended the American college in Rome, where he was ordained March 25,1882. SEE OUR EASTER MILLINERY! Our display of high grade Millinery is not surpassed in the northwest* Every hat the Latest and Best for the occasion, dress or walking hat. 1 7 ?vepy Pair to your hand. All the sprmg shades to match your clothing. IVi1! HUB hol burning lamps, stoves, heaters and other alcohol-using apparatus, similar to that used in Germany. I have per sonally investigated this matter and find that American manufacturers are preparing to put on the market in the near future lamys in which it has been found by carefully conducted experi ments that one gallon of alcohol will give as much light as two gallons of kerosene. I havo also seen samples of cooking stoves, heaters and other alcohol-using appliances which will be on rale in this country at an earlv date. Arrangements are being made by the managers of the Jamestown exposi tion for a special industrial alcohol exhibit, to which an entire building will be devoted. In addition to the various kinds of alcohol apparatus, automo biles, internal combustion engines and motor boats operated by alcohol will bo exhibited. Mens and Boys' Clothing We have a large stock of Men's and Boy's Clothing. Ihese goods are made by the best factories in in the country. They are excellent quality, neat and dressy and give entire satisfaction. We can fit you out from head to foot at little cost. We handle very dressy shoes as well as shoes for working men. Our Mens' Hats are the newest things out. Look at our Spring Top Coats. dep5rinie1"1 and shades Neckties. The latter in all the latest colors Columbia, S. C., March 25.—The In terstate National Guard association, which has for its objects the better ment of the militia throughout the United States and the unification of the several organizations of state forces, began its annual convention in this city today. Officers of the several branches of the military service of the United States, the military attaches of several of the foreign legations at Washington and the adjutant generals and other representatives of the na tional guard of nearly every state of the Union were present when the con vention was formally called to order by the president of the association, Senator Charles Dick of Ohio, the au thor of the law now governing the military organizations of the various states. In addition to President Dick the other officers of the association on hand were General Armfield of North Carolina, vice president Col. Carroll' D. Evans of Nebraska, secretary Gen. John D. Frost of South Carolina, treas urer, and Gen. James A. Drain of the state of Washington, chairman of the executive committee. The program of the convention cov ers two dayS and provides for papers and discussions covering a wide varie ty of topics connected with the state militia. Among those who will address E. G. Greenup of the Williston Land company, wrote Senator Hansbrough in regard to the chances for getting Roosevelt to attend the opening, and asked Senator Hansbrough If he could not be present also. In reply, Mr. Greenup received the following letter: United States Senate, Committee on Public Lands. Buster Brown. The attraction for the coming Wed nesday night at the Metropolitan Thea ter is the record making Buster Brown. Of all the musical comedies produced in years none other has been accord ed such great patronage as has been the lot of Mr. Outcault's play. En couraged by the success of the past few seasons, each of which has shown a marked Increase over its predecess or, its managers, with a view to mak ng Buster Brown the equal of any and superior to many, even of those play ing at $2—have spent money most lav ishly. The book has been entirely re written and is said to be wittles and more consisten than that previously an! ^or*' My guaranteed. win be found a most handsome and J. S. & S. Marquisee & Co. Grand Forks, North Dak. .... I the gathering area number of officers of the United States army, specially detailed for the purpose. Maj. MillaTd F. Waltz, of the general staff, will read a paper on the subject of the educa tional system for officers of the regu lar army. Maj. Charles McK. Saltz nian of the signal corps will deliver a lecture before the convention on the subject of "The Signal Corps in Cam paign." Col. Henry O. S. Heistand, military secretary, will read a paper on the subject, "The Military Secre tary's Department as a Factor in Mili tary Training and Its Value to the Na tion." Col. Valery Havard, assistant surgeon general of the army, will also be among the speakers. Prominent among the national guard representatives who are scheduled for papers or adderesses are Gen Joseph Babletter of Minnesota, Gen. Thomas R. Robertson, adjutant general of North Carolina Adjutant General Boyd of South Carolina, and Adjutant General Critchfield of Ohio, who is vice presi dent of the national board of rifle prac tice. The state of South Carolina and the city of Columbia have made elaborate arrangements for the entertainment of the many distinguished visitors. An official reception and a banquet are among the features of the entertain ment program. HIT MO HMSBR0U6H TO ATTEND The Commercial club of Williston, is making an effort to have President Roosevelt, the secretary of the interi or, North Dakota senators, represen tatives and others interested in the work, attend the opening of the Wil liston irrigation project. The project is to be opened some time in June. E. G. Greenup, Esq., Williston, N. D. My Dear Mr. Greenup:— Permit me to thank you for your very kind letter of the 8th inst 1 doubt whether I will be able to get the president to attend the opening of the irrigation project of Williston, but shall be greatly pleased to be with you myself on that occasion. You do not state the date on which the open ing is contemplated, but I assume that it has not been definately settled as ye Assuring you of my deep interest in this important work and with best wishes, 'believe me to be, I *4 Very sincerely yours, H. C. Hansbrough. used The music with which the comedy is interspersed is of the sort termed catchy. None of last season's special ties have benn retained but in their place others appear of a vastily higher order. The costumes which are new, are appropriate and tasteful and the scenic equipment more gorgeous than ever, will be used for the first time this season. The cast is exceptionally strong and is headed by Master Helton, "the littlest comedian" who, as Buster, is so real that he is well nigh per fection. The Warning Bell. Gordon & Bennett's production of "The Warning Bell" will be seen at the Metropolitan Theater on Saturday for two performances. The matinee prices will be 10 cents for children and 25 cents for adults. Occasionally you meet a wise man who looks otherwise. it'