Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 4, NO. 101.
MINIS KILLING DELIBERATE AM) Such Is Charge Made^bj cution in Opening Its Case Today FOUR HUNDRED MID FIFTY MESMEHfERE EXAMINED Evidence Will lie Given Tomorow by the State and Witnesses of Both Sides Wilt Be Excluded From the Court Room During Trial. Flushing, N. Y., April 28.—The open ing address of the prosecution in the case of Captain Peter C. Hains, Jr., charged with the murder of William E. Annis, was made today by George A. Gregg, formerly district attorney of ueenB county. Gregg is now assis tant counsel with State's Atorney De Witt. Before Gregg began his presen tation of the state's case Justice Car retson ruled that the witnesses of the state and the defense should be ex cluded from the court room except when testifying. District Attorney DeWitt requested that Gen. P. C. Hains, the father of the accused, be also excluded but the defense objected and the court permitted the general to remain. Gen. Hains greeted his son with affection this morning but the captain made no response. Gregg be gan his opening address to the jury by referring to the shooting of Annis as a deliberate and brutal murder in the first degree, committed with a cold design. It took seven days to select the jurymen and in that time 450 will present its evidence beginning to morrow and from that time on the case will move expeditiously. The jury selected is made up as follows: August Sundllng, foreman, a tailor. George H. Higbie, real estate deal er. Charles Appel, tinsmith. William H. Danton. retired farmer. Otto J. Nicholas, litographer. William Craft, contractor. Stophen Terbium*, electrician. Henry H. Nilsson, an employe ot the Crane Elevator company of New York. Carl F. Schaubluth, insurance Charles F. Eisenhofer, music teachef. Emil Lefner. printer. Jaccb Knacke. garment cutter. THE CENSUSWAR Secretary Nagle and Commissioner North Are Still Fisrlitfng Washington, April 2S.—Secretary Nagel, of the commerce and labor de partment, and Director North, of the census bureau, have locked horns over the question who is to have respon sibility and authority over the census bureau, and it was the concensus of opinion last night that one or the other would be compelled to retire from the government, service with the odds strongly in favor of the retire ment of Director North. Secretary Nagel, while he would make no statement in regard to' whether he desired the official head of Director North, said I'.iat he and the director had differed seriously, as he thought, and that the matter would have to be cleared up. Asked wheth er he had any one to suggest for the directorship in the place of Mr. North, the secretary said that he had no power to appoint a director of the census, and that, therefore, he had nothing to say on the question. Director North, when seen at his borne last night, said he did not in tend to resign, in fact, that the ques tion of resignation was not involved In the dispute between himself and the secretary, frcm which it may be inferred that he either does not con sider the question over which they had differed sufficiently serious to call for his resignation, or else that he regards his own position so strong that he does not fear his resignation will be demanded. "Within a day or two I will have a statement ready for publication, which will be most interesting." said Mr. North. "At the present time I cannot argue the question of adminis tration of the census bureau." Mr. North volunteered the state ment, however, that he was not wor ried. Nevertheless, EM rector North is not leaving any stones unturned to put himself straight in this matter and to more strongly intrench him self. It is known that he has many powerful friends at both ends of the capitol, among them Senator Aldrich, of Rhode Island, and he was in touch with a number of them yesterday af ternoon and last night. He saw Sen ator Crane, of Massachusetts, among others. Mr. North is himself a Boston man. The story was circulated yesterday that Secretary Nagel was seriously aroused over charges of immorality existing in the census bureau, and that he also appeared before con* gressional committees. Mr. Nagel de nied that there was any truth In this story. He said that he had made no Investigation of moral conditions ex isting in. the bureau. He said, how ever. that, there was a "question of administration" involved, which must be settled. He denied that he had brought any formal charges against Mr. North. Nevertheless, Mr. Nagel was at the legislation of the day. white house twice yesterday to see President Taft in regard to Director North, and it appears that the matter has been put squarely up to the presi dent That President Taft will sus tain hiB cabinet officer is the general belief, notwithstanding the influence Mr. Nortih will be able to bring to bear from the capitol. Mr. North, when told that Secretary Nagel had denied bringing charges of immorality in the census bureau or that he had objected to Mr. North ap pearing 'before the congressional com mittees, shook his hand approvingly. Ot/ was confident that no charges of '3?/ J'ty could be brought against u-.. He said he was sure that the~6b^ 'p/J, -jld not have objected to hiB apji. jg before the congres sional committees since the secretary accompanied him when he went be fore the committees. Employes of the census bureau were indignant over the report that Secretary Nagel had charged there was gross immorality in the bureau. Few women have entered the gov ernment service in recent ye^rs, ex cept through the civil service. Cen sus bureau appointments have been made through the civil service since 1902. It is known that President Taft has had the question of Mr. North's con tinuing In office before him for sever al weeks. The alleged insubordina tion of Mr. North has been the sub ject of discussion at some of the cabi net meetings, it is said, and the cab inet officers generally supported Sec retary Nagel in his contention that he should have entire authority over the census bureau, which is a part of his department. It was said at the department of commerce and labor yesterday that relations between the head of the de partment and the director of the cen sus had for a long time been strained, that the director had practically re fused to yield to the provisions of the organic act creating the department of commerce and labor and making the census bureau one of its parts under the authority of the secretary of commerce and labor. The director has persisted, it is said, in proceeding as though his was an independent bureau. This friction has existed ever since the days of Secretary Cortelyou and Director Merriman. Secretary Straus tried to have the power of Director North curtailed, but President Roose velt upheld the head of the census bureau. Mr. Roosevelt decided that the director must be allowed to con tinue his work without Interference if he was to get good reults. He had in mind the defective work of the bureau when the eleventh census was taken, and the head of the bureau was forced to go to the secretary of the interior on all occasions. During a recent hearing on the census bill before the senate commit tee on census, Director North was questioned concerning possible con flicts 'between himself and the secre tary of commerce and labor. Senator Cummins asked: "Suppose that the secretary should not be satisfied with the list of ques tions that you would prepare. Has he any power to change that list?" Navel's Power Defined. "He certainly has the power to ask me to change it, and I certainly would replied Director North. His response was interrupted by Senator Cummins, who remarked, "I know you would do it." The question was raised by Sena tor Bailey as to whether the law did not leave the examination to the di rector, and Mr. North said: "If the secretary of the department should raise the question as to that ex amination, and it should be my judg ment that the secretary was mistak en about it, I should say to him at once, "Mr. Secretary, let us go to the president." "That means simply if you should have a collision you would appeal to the president as to whether you should remain in office or not?" asked Mr. Cummins. "Undoubtedly," said Mr. North. Subsequent statements during the hearing did not change this situa tion, and Secretary Nagel, when tes tifying before the committee, suggest ed that there might be conflicts of authority unless the law was chang ed. The bill providing for taking the thirteenth census, which was passed by the senate and the house and is now under consideration by a con ference committee, gave the director of the census practically supreme control over his bureau, the only ex ception of any note being In a pro vision that in obtaining information from other departments of the gov ernment the director should commun icate through the secretary of com merce and labor. It was denied yesterday in a quar ter close to President Taft and Sec retary Nagel that one of Mr. Nagel's compaints was that Director North had been responsible for curtailing the authority of the secretary of commerce and labor over the census bureau. Attention was called to a statement made by Secretary Nagel to the senate committee on the census on April 6 to the effect that he would be satlBfled if congress placed the en tire responsibility for taking the next census on the director of the bureau. Secretary Nagel said this to the com mittee: "I am rather at a loss to know what the secretary of the department is expected to do with respect to the taking of this census. I am not look ing after any more employment than I have, and if the purpose of this bill is to place the entire responsibility upon the director of the census, 1 shall be delighted. If the purpose, however, is to retain a certain re sponsibility, under the general act of 1902, in the secretary of commerce and labor, I, of course, am interested to know that. Above all. I confess, I very much dislike responsibility with out. authority, which. I believe, is at the bottom of a good deal of the bad DEPOSED SULTAN HAS FLEO FROM Was Accompanied by Eleven Women of His Once Royal Harem ESCORTED FROI PALACE UNDER COVER OF DARKNESS Taken to Railway Station in Stamboul and So Soon As He Was-Aboard the Train Pulled Out Bound for the City of Saloniki. Constantinople, April 23.—Abdul Hamid, the deposed sultan of Turkey, left the capital last night for Saloni ki. He was accompanied by eleven women of his harem. He was con veyed quietly under cover of dark ness from the imperial palace at Yildizz to the railroad station in Stamboul. Shortly after he was in stalled on board, the train pulled out for the west. The fetwa or official decision of Sheik U1 Islam authorizing the de position of Abdul Hamid has been made public. It embraces the ques tions put by the parliament to Sheik U1 Islam and his answer thereto. The text follows: "What becomes of an imam—the title of the sultan of Turkey as the head of orthodox faith—who has de stroyed certain holy writings, who has seized property in contravention to the Sheri laws, who has committed cruelties in ordering the assassina tion and imprisonment of exiles with out any justification under the Sheri laws, who has squandered the public money, who, having sworn to govern according to Sheri law, has violated his oath, who by gifts of money has provoked internecine bloodshed and civil war. and who no longer is recog nized in provinces?" To this. Sheik Ul Islam replied: "He must abdicate or be deposed." Not one of the Constantinople news papers has a good word for Abdul Hamid, whose life and reign are being held up to universal execration. On the other hand the accession of Mehmed is regarded as the dawn of a new era. The cabinet, has been requested to remain in office for some days longer. Story From Hadjin The following telegram was rectflv ed here today from Miss Rose Lam bert, one of the besieged American women missionaries at Hadjin. It, sets forth the danger surrounding her and her companions who are quite alcne. The messenger who first start ed with the message to the telegraph office, was shot down on the way. The communication is dated Hadjin, pril 26 and says: "The rising against the Christions of Hadjin beigan nine days ago. The government sent troops to suppress the fighting be tween the Mohammedans and Chris tians, but the men were not strong enough numerically to restore order. Many are dead and wounded on both sides. "Desperadoes occupied Armenian cloister five da.ys ago and have been firing on the people without, in terruption since. The Armenian churches are now showing white flags, indicating that there will be no further resistance, yet. the shooting and plundering continues. Many shops have been robbed and others undoubtedly will be. The Armenian settlements and villages in the pro vince have been burned and many persons killed. "Hadjin is almost entirely without food and animals in the city are dy ing of starvation. The provincial au thorities have been appealed to both orally and in writing to send more troops to Hadjin, but thus far without result.' England Satisfied. London, April 28.—The deposition of Abdul Hanvid as sultan of Turkey, so far as he personally is concerned, is not regretted in official circles in England. For years English diplo mats have been fighting against intri gues emanating from the Yildiz pal ace. They never knew whether the sultan was their enemy or their friend. The effect that the deposition ia likely to have in Turkey outside the capital, however, is another thing and, fears are freely expressed today that1 the new administration will have a more difficult task in overcoming prejudices of the people in the prov inces than has been experienced in Constantinople. For this reason it• had been expected here that the Young Turks would allow Abdul: Hamid to remain on the throne, but shorn of his power, as a concession to the religious feeling of the coun- w- THE EVENING TIMES GRAND FORKS, WORTH DAKOTA. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 28, 1909. try and out of respect to the different parties. But Great Britain is not concerned. The only desire here is that Turkey have a stable constitutional govern ment. Halil Hamid Rey, the local repre sentative of Young Turks, declared today that when Abdul Hamid reached Saloniki he probably would have to stand trial on charges set forth in the fetwa deposing him. "Sentence of execution is not probable." continued Halil Hamid Bey, "but he probably will be imprisoned." TOluiLD CANAL Englishman Wants Permission to Connect Lakes und llirer. London, April 2&.—Sir Robert Wil liam Perks, who leaves here tomor row for Canada, hope tso obtain the sanction of the dominion government to the proposal to start work this spring on the projected canal from the St. Lawrence river to the Great Lakes. Wants to Know What to Do With Castro If He Should Lahd Palma, Majorca, April 28.—The governor of the Balearic Isles, hav ing learned of the report that ex President Castor is likely to come to these islands, has requested the gov ernment at Madrid to forward in structions as to what course he shall pursue in such an event. Waiting for Wife. Paris, April 28.—Cipriano Castor, deposed president of Venezuela, said today he would await here the com ing o£ his wife from the West Indies. Senora Castro is returning to France on the steamer Guadeloupe. This vessel stopped at Fort de France, Martinique today and is due in France in about twelve days. sniffs RAMEJO LETTER Husband Used This Means of Getting Money From Spoony Correspondent Kansas City. April 28.—Chester M. Hamsher, in the federal court here to day pleaded guilty to a charge of signing his wife's name to love let ters which he wrote to Neil Johnson, a wealthy man of Atchison, Kas. He was sentenced to a year in jail. The post office department could have made no objection to the love letters if Hamsher had not been mer cenary in his motives. "Please send $10 by return mail—here are a mil lion kisses for you"—was the objec tionable part of the letters in the eyes of the federal officials. The correspondence lasted six months, and Johnson gave nearly $500 before he became aware of the deception. Hamsher's wife knew nothing of the affair until her husband was ex posed. Engineer Who Laid Out Na tional Capital at Last Remembered Washington, April 25.—Unusual honors were today patd to the memory of Major Pierre Charles I.'Enfant, the famous French engi neer who, under tho authority of George Washington, laid out the city of Washington. His body, which was disinterred from its resting place on the Digge's farm in Maryland, near Washington, where he was buried in 1S25, was taken to t.iio capitol under a military escort today. TIIE WEATHER Xorth Dakota—Snow or show ers tonight and Thursday. Colder. TAKE THIS DAY Take this day and work for her— Contest closes Saturday at 11 p. m. OF THEHER Says the Gates of the United States Always Swing In ward to Foreigners DAILY CONCLUDES HIS CONSTITUTIQHALITY SPEECH Senator Gore Cornered Wlicn He Made General Attack on the Principles of Protection—His Populist Kecord Ex posed by Senator Scott. Washington, April 28.—Numerous conferences held between Republican members of the senate today to con sider further the substitute for the maximum and minimum feature of the Payne bill which will be submitted to the senate from the committee on finance. The provision has been com pleted except for the list of articles on the free list that are to be taxed specifically when imported from coun tries that fail to give to the United States the advantage of their best rates. Experimentally the committee has fixed a tax of ten cents a pound on coffee and ten cents a pound on tea to illustrate the operation of such a provision. These taxes could not go into effect except as applied to coun tries that discriminate against the United States, and then only upon proclamation by the president. The specific taxes are to be named solely for trading purposes in campaigns to extend markets in all parts of the world to American products. In addi tion to coffee and tea, a number of other articles will be placed in this trading list, so that its influence would be felt by every country. Bailey Concludes. Reviewing one case after another in his speech yesterday, Mr. Bailey quoted from court opinions and other authorities to substantiate his con tention respecting the constitutional ity of an income tax. He then departed for a time from his purely legal argu ment and launched into a denouncia tion of men who he said resist the income tax as inquisitorial and cal culated to make the United States a "nation of liars." "That this tax is inquisitorial." said Mr. Bailey, "is true, but not more so than any other tax. To compel me to tell the source of my income as is done in the state in which I live is as inquisitorial as to compel me to tell the amount of my income. "The curiosity of the state assessor is such that he not only compels you to file an inventory on your own pro perty, but requires you to file an in ventory of your wife's ornaments. Every tax must be inquisitorial other wise the honest man would pay it and the dishonest men would escape it." He then took up the plea that such a tax would make us a nation of liars and said: "I will not insult the American people by repeating that charge, but I will repel it as an un warranted reflection upon our people. I do not think a self-respecting Ameri can citizen will lie to escape the pay ment of a tax and if I should find a man who would commit perjury to escape taxation I would favor dis franchising him. It may be that rich men will tell a lie to avoid paying an income tax but I would not say so, although some of them say it of them selves. No Defense for Rich. "I hold no brief to defend the rich men of America. It is not incumbent upon me to stand up here and say they will pay their taxes when so many of them say they will not. I know some of them will escape an income tax. because 1 know many of them escape their present taxes. I know it is said that it is not consid ered a lack of respectability for a New York millionaire to swear a lie lo escape his taxes. I hope no man is justified in saying that, because I cannot comprehend how a man can revel in luxury and perjure his im mortal soul to escape the payment of taxes." The rich man. Mr. Bailey said, should be willing to pay for the pro tection of his property over which armies and navies "stand in solemn guard." For himself if he were coun sel for the rich he would advise them not only to support, but to advocate, an income tax law. "And if they would do that." said Mr. Bailey, "they would do more to silence anarchy than all the benefac tions and charities they can do. It seems to me there are rich men who are willing to give benefactions in or der to have them published, who are not willing to pay their fair portion of the expenses of the government." Senator Rayner asked whether the senator from Texas was not satisfied with the reading of the first and sec ond opinions of Justice Brown in the income tax cases that he changed hiB mind. Mr. Bailey sail in reply that it was generally supposed that it was Justice Shiras who changed hiB opin ion. "I do not say it was Shiras," said Mr. Bailey. "I have had it from a reputable man close to Shiras that he was not the man. I have heard that it was Justice Gray who changed his opinion." Mr. Rayner said he did not refer to that particular change. He said the reading of the two opinions of Justice Brown In the income tax case con vinced him that he had changed his opinion on the constitutionality of the tax. "I do not know what justice changed," said Mr. Bailey. "I regret that anyone changed. I do not hesi tate to say that when an honest man changes his opinion he should change his position. I think the justices of our courts are incorruptible, but I do not by any means believe that they are infallible." Gore's Populism. Senator Gore began a general de nunciation of the principles of the protective tariff. tfcCiimber's Stand. Mr. McCumber asked the senator from Oklahoma how it happened that while one-half to two-thirdB of the coal miners of this country are for eigners they were superior here and not so in their own countries. He insisted that it was the different con dition under which they lived which was brought about by the protective tariff in this country that allowed these miners to make more money and to live better than while abroad. "Does the senator mean to intimate that the Republican party has pur sued a policy which has turned over the labor of our coal mines to foreign ers?" inquired Mr. Gore. Mr. McCumber replied that the gates of America have always swung inward to the people of the world. Then reviewing political conditions, Mr. More, speaking in dramatic tones, referred to various industrial condi tions in the United States to show that the tariff had nothing to do with the prosperity of the people. He in sisted that the Wilson bill, approved August 28, 1894, could not have brought on the panic of 1893. "Won't the senator admit that an ticipation brought that panic about?" asked Mr. Scott. "1 will admit the senator's state ment if the senator from West Vir ginia will admit that the anticipation of the Republican party precipitated the panic of 1907. and that the panic ow 1873 was brought about by the same cause as those panics came un der Republican presidents and under the operation of Republican protec tive tariffs." Taunting the Oklahoma senator with having been a populist in 1894, Mr. Scott asked whether he had copies of his speech of that year. "Yes. I have them." replied Mr. Gore, "and the question reminds me that I have grown wiser, and that the senator from West Virginia is not too old to gain wisdom." AFTER CHICAGO Illinois Legislature May Pro hibit Dealing in All Food Stuff Futures Springfield. 111., April 28.—With on ly on dissenting vote, the judiciary committee of the house today favor ably recommended a bill which at tacks and prohibits all deals in fu tures, particularly in food stuffs, on the board of trade. The measure makes it a felony to sell commodities including petroleum, grain, food stuffs. stocks or bonds, unless the seller is the actual owner of the com modity sold at the time of the trans action. The prohibition against deals in futures extends to the person who buys commodities from a seller who he knows is not actually the owner of the goods. One of the sections of the bill pro hibits cornering or attempting to cor ner the market on grain of any kind. SUBMARINE EXPLODED Eleven Killed and Eleven Wounded in Accident. Naples, April 28.—Eleven men were killed and eleven others wounded as a resutl of the explosion here yes terday on board the Italian subma rine Foca. The American gunboat Scorpion, although only ninety feet from the Foca, suffered no damage. Launches from the gunboat today helped in the work o£ refloating the Foca. CONSIDERING MISSIONS Woman's Presbyterian Board Holding Annual Meeting at Milwaukee. Milwaukee, April 2S.—The thirty eighth annual meeting of the Wo man's Presbyterian board of missions of the northwest, comprising twelve states, opened last night at the Ini manuel Presbyterian church, there being about 300 delegates in attend ance. The convention will continue through Thursday. Fifteen missionaries from different parts of the world will tell of their work in foreign fields during the con vention. The principal address of the day' was delivered by the Itev. Samuel M. Zwemer, a. former missionary to Arabia, on "Threefold Challenge from the Mosi»« vvwul" TEN PAGES—PRICE FIVE CENTS BED CLOTHES ft 4 "A v-.l Assaulted With an Axe By the Father of Children in Her Care UHFORTIMATEUf PREVENTED FROM_MLLING HIISELF Demon's Wife Had Left Him Fearing Violence and the Victim of His Bru tality Was Caring for His Children —Intended to KIU Them. Madison, Wis., April 28.—A diaboli cal crime was averted only by the working of Providence upon the mind of Albert Engel, 614 West Johnson street at midnight last night when, with an axe, he attempted to kill Mrs. Mary Townley, a neighbor .vith the evident intention of committing suicide afterwards. It is believed he also had evil designs against his chil dren. A bottle of carbolic acid waa found in his pocket, by the police. Engel was sent to jail for sixty days today. The Engels have had frequent do mestic quarrels and it is said Mrs, Engel left several days ago fearing violence from her husband. Mrs. Mary Townley, an aged woman was caring for the children. At midnight Engel appeared armed with an axe and directed three blows upon Mrs. Townley's body but the bed clothes acted as a buffer and saved her from serious harm. MERCHANTS MUM Paris Dealers Will Not Give Name of Purchasers Paris, April 28.—With every steamer bringing hundreds of Americans to Paris and with every sign of a pros perous summer intensified this year through reports to the incredible sums the Americans mean to spend in Paris the coming season, the Parisian As sociation of Merchants wantB it dis tinctly understood that the statements published in American newspapers to the effect that the merchants here have promised to keep the United States authorities informed as to the purchases made by overseas visitors are entirely false and preposterous. Diamond and jewelry dealers leagued together on the one hand and famous dressmaking firms on the other have published widely in the newspapers on this side a repudiation of the re ports cabled from the American side. Scores I'nited States Treasury. Some firms have circulated a spe cial private communication, a copy of which was sent to the Daily News correspondent, indignantly asking how' the American public could be led to believe that any self-respecting French business house could take up on any inducement such a "low minded" procedure as informing upon its customers. They want no doubt to exist in thfe minds of traveling Ameri cans that all their relations with their customers are strictly confidential. In short, the document boils over with evident disapproval, to use a mild term, of the United States treasury, between which and the Rue de la Paix there is no truce. The cououriers say they are "all on the side of personal human liberty" and cannot understand why the United States government should descend to such pettiness as ill-bred interest in and meddling with the personal wardrobe of citizens of either sex. 'All this agitation has done us irre mediable harm," said the head of an illustrious firm of goldsmiths, which is one of the oldest in that trade In Europe to a correspondent, "and no matter what reassurances now are made thousands of visitors, who other wise would have been purchasers, will be frightened, and therefore will spend their money in other ways. Visitors Timid This Tear. "It is astonishing how each summer a different but generally spread set of conditions is found among the thousands of Americans who come here. One summer the mysterious conviction prevails that the United States customs authorities are unusu ally slack and that anything can be got through. Another season it is commonly understood that everybody must be more careful than ever. This year already we see signs of timidity to a degree hitherto unequaled. and so we are sending private letters to every visitor of note to inform him that he has nothing to fear and that so far as we are concerned we know how to hold our tongues." Tradesmen in other lines do not seem to be apprehensive. As for the hotels, though four new and luxurious ones have just been finished for American patronage, they are filled up already, and even now it is proving hard for the wealthier class of visitors to find the desired accommodations. What the jewelers and dressmakers lose the hotels and expensive resorts of the capital expect to gain. WITHOUTFOOD Elinira, X. Y„ April 28.—Locked in a box car for four days and nights without food or water. Charles Con ners of Chester Springs, Canada, was taken from a l^ackawanna train here today. Conners climbed into a box car in Chicago Saturday, intending to go as far as Kingston, Ont. He fell asleep and when he awoke he found the car had been locked and sealed and had started for the east.