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The evening times. [volume] (Grand Forks, N.D.) 1906-1914, April 28, 1909, Image 1

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VOL. 4, NO. 101.
MINIS KILLING
DELIBERATE AM)
Such Is Charge Made^bj
cution in Opening Its Case
Today
FOUR HUNDRED MID FIFTY
MESMEHfERE EXAMINED
Evidence Will lie Given Tomorow by
the State and Witnesses of Both
Sides Wilt Be Excluded From the
Court Room During Trial.
Flushing, N. Y., April 28.—The open
ing address of the prosecution in the
case of Captain Peter C. Hains, Jr.,
charged with the murder of William
E. Annis, was made today by George
A. Gregg, formerly district attorney
of ueenB county. Gregg is now assis
tant counsel with State's Atorney De
Witt. Before Gregg began his presen
tation of the state's case Justice Car
retson ruled that the witnesses of the
state and the defense should be ex
cluded from the court room except
when testifying. District Attorney
DeWitt requested that Gen. P. C.
Hains, the father of the accused, be
also excluded but the defense objected
and the court permitted the general
to remain. Gen. Hains greeted his son
with affection this morning but the
captain made no response. Gregg be
gan his opening address to the jury
by referring to the shooting of Annis
as a deliberate and brutal murder in
the first degree, committed with a cold
design.
It took seven days to select the
jurymen and in that time 450
will present its evidence beginning to
morrow and from that time on the
case will move expeditiously. The
jury selected is made up as follows:
August Sundllng, foreman, a tailor.
George H. Higbie, real estate deal
er.
Charles Appel, tinsmith.
William H. Danton. retired farmer.
Otto J. Nicholas, litographer.
William Craft, contractor.
Stophen Terbium*, electrician.
Henry H. Nilsson, an employe ot
the Crane Elevator company of New
York.
Carl F. Schaubluth, insurance
Charles F. Eisenhofer, music
teachef.
Emil Lefner. printer.
Jaccb Knacke. garment cutter.
THE CENSUSWAR
Secretary Nagle and Commissioner
North Are Still Fisrlitfng
Washington, April 2S.—Secretary
Nagel, of the commerce and labor de
partment, and Director North, of the
census bureau, have locked horns over
the question who is to have respon
sibility and authority over the census
bureau, and it was the concensus of
opinion last night that one or the
other would be compelled to retire
from the government, service with the
odds strongly in favor of the retire
ment of Director North.
Secretary Nagel, while he would
make no statement in regard to'
whether he desired the official head of
Director North, said I'.iat he and the
director had differed seriously, as he
thought, and that the matter would
have to be cleared up. Asked wheth
er he had any one to suggest for the
directorship in the place of Mr. North,
the secretary said that he had no
power to appoint a director of the
census, and that, therefore, he had
nothing to say on the question.
Director North, when seen at his
borne last night, said he did not in
tend to resign, in fact, that the ques
tion of resignation was not involved
In the dispute between himself and
the secretary, frcm which it may be
inferred that he either does not con
sider the question over which they
had differed sufficiently serious to
call for his resignation, or else that
he regards his own position so strong
that he does not fear his resignation
will be demanded.
"Within a day or two I will have a
statement ready for publication,
which will be most interesting." said
Mr. North. "At the present time I
cannot argue the question of adminis
tration of the census bureau."
Mr. North volunteered the state
ment, however, that he was not wor
ried. Nevertheless, EM rector North is
not leaving any stones unturned to
put himself straight in this matter
and to more strongly intrench him
self. It is known that he has many
powerful friends at both ends of the
capitol, among them Senator Aldrich,
of Rhode Island, and he was in touch
with a number of them yesterday af
ternoon and last night. He saw Sen
ator Crane, of Massachusetts, among
others. Mr. North is himself a Boston
man.
The story was circulated yesterday
that Secretary Nagel was seriously
aroused over charges of immorality
existing in the census bureau, and
that he also appeared before con*
gressional committees. Mr. Nagel de
nied that there was any truth In this
story. He said that he had made no
Investigation of moral conditions ex
isting in. the bureau. He said, how
ever. that, there was a "question of
administration" involved, which must
be settled. He denied that he had
brought any formal charges against
Mr. North.
Nevertheless, Mr. Nagel was at the legislation of the day.
white house twice yesterday to see
President Taft in regard to Director
North, and it appears that the matter
has been put squarely up to the presi
dent That President Taft will sus
tain hiB cabinet officer is the general
belief, notwithstanding the influence
Mr. Nortih will be able to bring to
bear from the capitol.
Mr. North, when told that Secretary
Nagel had denied bringing charges
of immorality in the census bureau or
that he had objected to Mr. North ap
pearing 'before the congressional com
mittees, shook his hand approvingly.
Ot/
was
confident that no charges of
'3?/ J'ty could be brought against
u-.. He said he was sure that
the~6b^ 'p/J, -jld not have objected
to hiB apji. jg before the congres
sional committees since the secretary
accompanied him when he went be
fore the committees.
Employes of the census bureau
were indignant over the report that
Secretary Nagel had charged there
was gross immorality in the bureau.
Few women have entered the gov
ernment service in recent ye^rs, ex
cept through the civil service. Cen
sus bureau appointments have been
made through the civil service since
1902.
It is known that President Taft has
had the question of Mr. North's con
tinuing In office before him for sever
al weeks. The alleged insubordina
tion of Mr. North has been the sub
ject of discussion at some of the cabi
net meetings, it is said, and the cab
inet officers generally supported Sec
retary Nagel in his contention that he
should have entire authority over the
census bureau, which is a part of his
department.
It was said at the department of
commerce and labor yesterday that
relations between the head of the de
partment and the director of the cen
sus had for a long time been strained,
that the director had practically re
fused to yield to the provisions of the
organic act creating the department
of commerce and labor and making
the census bureau one of its parts
under the authority of the secretary
of commerce and labor. The director
has persisted, it is said, in proceeding
as though his was an independent
bureau.
This friction has existed ever since
the days of Secretary Cortelyou and
Director Merriman. Secretary Straus
tried to have the power of Director
North curtailed, but President Roose
velt upheld the head of the census
bureau. Mr. Roosevelt decided that
the director must be allowed to con
tinue his work without Interference if
he was to get good reults. He had
in mind the defective work of the
bureau when the eleventh census was
taken, and the head of the bureau was
forced to go to the secretary of the
interior on all occasions.
During a recent hearing on the
census bill before the senate commit
tee on census, Director North was
questioned concerning possible con
flicts 'between himself and the secre
tary of commerce and labor. Senator
Cummins asked:
"Suppose that the secretary should
not be satisfied with the list of ques
tions that you would prepare. Has
he any power to change that list?"
Navel's Power Defined.
"He certainly has the power to ask
me to change it, and I certainly
would replied Director North.
His response was interrupted by
Senator Cummins, who remarked, "I
know you would do it."
The question was raised by Sena
tor Bailey as to whether the law did
not leave the examination to the di
rector, and Mr. North said:
"If the secretary of the department
should raise the question as to that ex
amination, and it should be my judg
ment that the secretary was mistak
en about it, I should say to him at
once, "Mr. Secretary, let us go to the
president."
"That means simply if you should
have a collision you would appeal to
the president as to whether you
should remain in office or not?" asked
Mr. Cummins.
"Undoubtedly," said Mr. North.
Subsequent statements during the
hearing did not change this situa
tion, and Secretary Nagel, when tes
tifying before the committee, suggest
ed that there might be conflicts of
authority unless the law was chang
ed.
The bill providing for taking the
thirteenth census, which was passed
by the senate and the house and is
now under consideration by a con
ference committee, gave the director
of the census practically supreme
control over his bureau, the only ex
ception of any note being In a pro
vision that in obtaining information
from other departments of the gov
ernment the director should commun
icate through the secretary of com
merce and labor.
It was denied yesterday in a quar
ter close to President Taft and Sec
retary Nagel that one of Mr. Nagel's
compaints was that Director North
had been responsible for curtailing
the authority of the secretary of
commerce and labor over the census
bureau. Attention was called to a
statement made by Secretary Nagel to
the senate committee on the census
on April 6 to the effect that he would
be satlBfled if congress placed the en
tire responsibility for taking the next
census on the director of the bureau.
Secretary Nagel said this to the com
mittee:
"I am rather at a loss to know
what the secretary of the department
is expected to do with respect to the
taking of this census. I am not look
ing after any more employment than
I have, and if the purpose of this bill
is to place the entire responsibility
upon the director of the census, 1
shall be delighted. If the purpose,
however, is to retain a certain re
sponsibility, under the general act of
1902, in the secretary of commerce
and labor, I, of course, am interested
to know that. Above all. I confess, I
very much dislike responsibility with
out. authority, which. I believe, is at
the bottom of a good deal of the bad
DEPOSED SULTAN
HAS FLEO FROM
Was Accompanied by Eleven
Women of His Once Royal
Harem
ESCORTED FROI PALACE
UNDER COVER OF DARKNESS
Taken to Railway Station in Stamboul
and So Soon As He Was-Aboard the
Train Pulled Out Bound for the
City of Saloniki.
Constantinople, April 23.—Abdul
Hamid, the deposed sultan of Turkey,
left the capital last night for Saloni
ki. He was accompanied by eleven
women of his harem. He was con
veyed quietly under cover of dark
ness from the imperial palace at
Yildizz to the railroad station in
Stamboul. Shortly after he was in
stalled on board, the train pulled
out for the west.
The fetwa or official decision of
Sheik U1 Islam authorizing the de
position of Abdul Hamid has been
made public. It embraces the ques
tions put by the parliament to Sheik
U1 Islam and his answer thereto. The
text follows:
"What becomes of an imam—the
title of the sultan of Turkey as the
head of orthodox faith—who has de
stroyed certain holy writings, who
has seized property in contravention
to the Sheri laws, who has committed
cruelties in ordering the assassina
tion and imprisonment of exiles with
out any justification under the Sheri
laws, who has squandered the public
money, who, having sworn to govern
according to Sheri law, has violated
his oath, who by gifts of money has
provoked internecine bloodshed and
civil war. and who no longer is recog
nized in provinces?"
To this. Sheik Ul Islam replied:
"He must abdicate or be deposed."
Not one of the Constantinople news
papers has a good word for Abdul
Hamid, whose life and reign are being
held up to universal execration. On
the other hand the accession of
Mehmed is regarded as the dawn
of a new era. The cabinet, has been
requested to remain in office for some
days longer.
Story From Hadjin
The following telegram was rectflv
ed here today from Miss Rose Lam
bert, one of the besieged American
women missionaries at Hadjin. It,
sets forth the danger surrounding her
and her companions who are quite
alcne. The messenger who first start
ed with the message to the telegraph
office, was shot down on the way. The
communication is dated Hadjin, pril
26 and says: "The rising against
the Christions of Hadjin beigan nine
days ago. The government sent
troops to suppress the fighting be
tween the Mohammedans and Chris
tians, but the men were not strong
enough numerically to restore order.
Many are dead and wounded on both
sides.
"Desperadoes occupied Armenian
cloister five da.ys ago and have
been firing on the people without, in
terruption since. The Armenian
churches are now showing white
flags, indicating that there will be no
further resistance, yet. the shooting
and plundering continues. Many
shops have been robbed and others
undoubtedly will be. The Armenian
settlements and villages in the pro
vince have been burned and many
persons killed.
"Hadjin is almost entirely without
food and animals in the city are dy
ing of starvation. The provincial au
thorities have been appealed to both
orally and in writing to send more
troops to Hadjin, but thus far without
result.'
England Satisfied.
London, April 28.—The deposition
of Abdul Hanvid as sultan of Turkey,
so far as he personally is concerned,
is not regretted in official circles in
England. For years English diplo
mats have been fighting against intri
gues emanating from the Yildiz pal
ace. They never knew whether the
sultan was their enemy or their
friend.
The effect that the deposition ia
likely to have in Turkey outside the
capital, however, is another thing and,
fears are freely expressed today that1
the new administration will have a
more difficult task in overcoming
prejudices of the people in the prov
inces than has been experienced in
Constantinople. For this reason it•
had been expected here that the
Young Turks would allow Abdul:
Hamid to remain on the throne, but
shorn of his power, as a concession
to the religious feeling of the coun-
w-
THE EVENING TIMES
GRAND FORKS, WORTH DAKOTA. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 28, 1909.
try and out of respect to the different
parties.
But Great Britain is not concerned.
The only desire here is that Turkey
have a stable constitutional govern
ment.
Halil Hamid Rey, the local repre
sentative of Young Turks, declared
today that when Abdul Hamid reached
Saloniki he probably would have to
stand trial on charges set forth in the
fetwa deposing him. "Sentence of
execution is not probable." continued
Halil Hamid Bey, "but he probably
will be imprisoned."
TOluiLD CANAL
Englishman Wants Permission to
Connect Lakes und llirer.
London, April 2&.—Sir Robert Wil
liam Perks, who leaves here tomor
row for Canada, hope tso obtain the
sanction of the dominion government
to the proposal to start work this
spring on the projected canal from
the St. Lawrence river to the Great
Lakes.
Wants to Know What to Do
With Castro If He Should
Lahd
Palma, Majorca, April 28.—The
governor of the Balearic Isles, hav
ing learned of the report that ex
President Castor is likely to come to
these islands, has requested the gov
ernment at Madrid to forward in
structions as to what course he shall
pursue in such an event.
Waiting for Wife.
Paris, April 28.—Cipriano Castor,
deposed president of Venezuela, said
today he would await here the com
ing o£ his wife from the West Indies.
Senora Castro is returning to
France on the steamer Guadeloupe.
This vessel stopped at Fort de
France, Martinique today and is due
in France in about twelve days.
sniffs
RAMEJO LETTER
Husband Used This Means of
Getting Money From Spoony
Correspondent
Kansas City. April 28.—Chester M.
Hamsher, in the federal court here to
day pleaded guilty to a charge of
signing his wife's name to love let
ters which he wrote to Neil Johnson,
a wealthy man of Atchison, Kas. He
was sentenced to a year in jail.
The post office department could
have made no objection to the love
letters if Hamsher had not been mer
cenary in his motives. "Please send
$10 by return mail—here are a mil
lion kisses for you"—was the objec
tionable part of the letters in the eyes
of the federal officials.
The correspondence lasted six
months, and Johnson gave nearly
$500 before he became aware of the
deception.
Hamsher's wife knew nothing of
the affair until her husband was ex
posed.
Engineer Who Laid Out Na
tional Capital at Last
Remembered
Washington, April 25.—Unusual
honors were today patd to the
memory of Major Pierre Charles
I.'Enfant, the famous French engi
neer who, under tho authority of
George Washington, laid out the city
of Washington. His body, which was
disinterred from its resting place on
the Digge's farm in Maryland, near
Washington, where he was buried in
1S25, was taken to t.iio capitol under
a military escort today.
TIIE WEATHER
Xorth Dakota—Snow or show
ers tonight and Thursday.
Colder.
TAKE THIS DAY
Take this day and work for her—
Contest closes Saturday at 11 p. m.
OF
THEHER
Says the Gates of the United
States Always Swing In
ward to Foreigners
DAILY CONCLUDES HIS
CONSTITUTIQHALITY SPEECH
Senator Gore Cornered Wlicn He Made
General Attack on the Principles of
Protection—His Populist Kecord Ex
posed by Senator Scott.
Washington, April 28.—Numerous
conferences held between Republican
members of the senate today to con
sider further the substitute for the
maximum and minimum feature of the
Payne bill which will be submitted to
the senate from the committee on
finance. The provision has been com
pleted except for the list of articles
on the free list that are to be taxed
specifically when imported from coun
tries that fail to give to the United
States the advantage of their best
rates.
Experimentally the committee has
fixed a tax of ten cents a pound on
coffee and ten cents a pound on tea
to illustrate the operation of such a
provision. These taxes could not go
into effect except as applied to coun
tries that discriminate against the
United States, and then only upon
proclamation by the president. The
specific taxes are to be named solely
for trading purposes in campaigns to
extend markets in all parts of the
world to American products. In addi
tion to coffee and tea, a number of
other articles will be placed in this
trading list, so that its influence
would be felt by every country.
Bailey Concludes.
Reviewing one case after another
in his speech yesterday, Mr. Bailey
quoted from court opinions and other
authorities to substantiate his con
tention respecting the constitutional
ity of an income tax. He then departed
for a time from his purely legal argu
ment and launched into a denouncia
tion of men who he said resist the
income tax as inquisitorial and cal
culated to make the United States a
"nation of liars."
"That this tax is inquisitorial." said
Mr. Bailey, "is true, but not more so
than any other tax. To compel me to
tell the source of my income as is
done in the state in which I live is as
inquisitorial as to compel me to tell
the amount of my income.
"The curiosity of the state assessor
is such that he not only compels you
to file an inventory on your own pro
perty, but requires you to file an in
ventory of your wife's ornaments.
Every tax must be inquisitorial other
wise the honest man would pay it and
the dishonest men would escape it."
He then took up the plea that such
a tax would make us a nation of liars
and said: "I will not insult the
American people by repeating that
charge, but I will repel it as an un
warranted reflection upon our people.
I do not think a self-respecting Ameri
can citizen will lie to escape the pay
ment of a tax and if I should find a
man who would commit perjury to
escape taxation I would favor dis
franchising him. It may be that rich
men will tell a lie to avoid paying an
income tax but I would not say so,
although some of them say it of them
selves.
No Defense for Rich.
"I hold no brief to defend the rich
men of America. It is not incumbent
upon me to stand up here and say
they will pay their taxes when so
many of them say they will not. I
know some of them will escape an
income tax. because 1 know many of
them escape their present taxes. I
know it is said that it is not consid
ered a lack of respectability for a
New York millionaire to swear a lie
lo escape his taxes. I hope no man
is justified in saying that, because I
cannot comprehend how a man can
revel in luxury and perjure his im
mortal soul to escape the payment of
taxes."
The rich man. Mr. Bailey said,
should be willing to pay for the pro
tection of his property over which
armies and navies "stand in solemn
guard." For himself if he were coun
sel for the rich he would advise them
not only to support, but to advocate,
an income tax law.
"And if they would do that." said
Mr. Bailey, "they would do more to
silence anarchy than all the benefac
tions and charities they can do. It
seems to me there are rich men who
are willing to give benefactions in or
der to have them published, who are
not willing to pay their fair portion
of the expenses of the government."
Senator Rayner asked whether the
senator from Texas was not satisfied
with the reading of the first and sec
ond opinions of Justice Brown in the
income tax cases that he changed hiB
mind. Mr. Bailey sail in reply that
it was generally supposed that it was
Justice Shiras who changed hiB opin
ion.
"I do not say it was Shiras," said
Mr. Bailey. "I have had it from a
reputable man close to Shiras that he
was not the man. I have heard that
it was Justice Gray who changed his
opinion."
Mr. Rayner said he did not refer to
that particular change. He said the
reading of the two opinions of Justice
Brown In the income tax case con
vinced him that he had changed his
opinion on the constitutionality of the
tax.
"I do not know what justice
changed," said Mr. Bailey. "I regret
that anyone changed. I do not hesi
tate to say that when an honest man
changes his opinion he should change
his position. I think the justices of
our courts are incorruptible, but I do
not by any means believe that they
are infallible."
Gore's Populism.
Senator Gore began a general de
nunciation of the principles of the
protective tariff.
tfcCiimber's Stand.
Mr. McCumber asked the senator
from Oklahoma how it happened that
while one-half to two-thirdB of the
coal miners of this country are for
eigners they were superior here and
not so in their own countries. He
insisted that it was the different con
dition under which they lived which
was brought about by the protective
tariff in this country that allowed
these miners to make more money and
to live better than while abroad.
"Does the senator mean to intimate
that the Republican party has pur
sued a policy which has turned over
the labor of our coal mines to foreign
ers?" inquired Mr. Gore.
Mr. McCumber replied that the
gates of America have always swung
inward to the people of the world.
Then reviewing political conditions,
Mr. More, speaking in dramatic tones,
referred to various industrial condi
tions in the United States to show
that the tariff had nothing to do with
the prosperity of the people. He in
sisted that the Wilson bill, approved
August 28, 1894, could not have
brought on the panic of 1893.
"Won't the senator admit that an
ticipation brought that panic about?"
asked Mr. Scott.
"1 will admit the senator's state
ment if the senator from West Vir
ginia will admit that the anticipation
of the Republican party precipitated
the panic of 1907. and that the panic
ow 1873 was brought about by the
same cause as those panics came un
der Republican presidents and under
the operation of Republican protec
tive tariffs."
Taunting the Oklahoma senator
with having been a populist in 1894,
Mr. Scott asked whether he had
copies of his speech of that year.
"Yes. I have them." replied Mr.
Gore, "and the question reminds me
that I have grown wiser, and that the
senator from West Virginia is not too
old to gain wisdom."
AFTER CHICAGO
Illinois Legislature May Pro
hibit Dealing in All Food
Stuff Futures
Springfield. 111., April 28.—With on
ly on dissenting vote, the judiciary
committee of the house today favor
ably recommended a bill which at
tacks and prohibits all deals in fu
tures, particularly in food stuffs, on
the board of trade. The measure
makes it a felony to sell commodities
including petroleum, grain, food
stuffs. stocks or bonds, unless the
seller is the actual owner of the com
modity sold at the time of the trans
action. The prohibition against deals
in futures extends to the person who
buys commodities from a seller who
he knows is not actually the owner of
the goods.
One of the sections of the bill pro
hibits cornering or attempting to cor
ner the market on grain of any kind.
SUBMARINE EXPLODED
Eleven Killed and Eleven Wounded
in Accident.
Naples, April 28.—Eleven men were
killed and eleven others wounded as
a resutl of the explosion here yes
terday on board the Italian subma
rine Foca. The American gunboat
Scorpion, although only ninety feet
from the Foca, suffered no damage.
Launches from the gunboat today
helped in the work o£ refloating the
Foca.
CONSIDERING MISSIONS
Woman's Presbyterian Board Holding
Annual Meeting at Milwaukee.
Milwaukee, April 2S.—The thirty
eighth annual meeting of the Wo
man's Presbyterian board of missions
of the northwest, comprising twelve
states, opened last night at the Ini
manuel Presbyterian church, there
being about 300 delegates in attend
ance. The convention will continue
through Thursday.
Fifteen missionaries from different
parts of the world will tell of their
work in foreign fields during the con
vention.
The principal address of the day'
was delivered by the Itev. Samuel M.
Zwemer, a. former missionary to
Arabia, on "Threefold Challenge
from the Mosi»« vvwul"
TEN PAGES—PRICE FIVE CENTS
BED CLOTHES
ft
4
"A
v-.l
Assaulted With an Axe By the
Father of Children in Her
Care
UHFORTIMATEUf PREVENTED
FROM_MLLING HIISELF
Demon's Wife Had Left Him Fearing
Violence and the Victim of His Bru
tality Was Caring for His Children
—Intended to KIU Them.
Madison, Wis., April 28.—A diaboli
cal crime was averted only by the
working of Providence upon the mind
of Albert Engel, 614 West Johnson
street at midnight last night when,
with an axe, he attempted to kill
Mrs. Mary Townley, a neighbor .vith
the evident intention of committing
suicide afterwards. It is believed he
also had evil designs against his chil
dren. A bottle of carbolic acid waa
found in his pocket, by the police.
Engel was sent to jail for sixty days
today.
The Engels have had frequent do
mestic quarrels and it is said Mrs,
Engel left several days ago fearing
violence from her husband. Mrs.
Mary Townley, an aged woman was
caring for the children. At midnight
Engel appeared armed with an axe
and directed three blows upon Mrs.
Townley's body but the bed clothes
acted as a buffer and saved her from
serious harm.
MERCHANTS MUM
Paris Dealers Will Not Give Name of
Purchasers
Paris, April 28.—With every steamer
bringing hundreds of Americans to
Paris and with every sign of a pros
perous summer intensified this year
through reports to the incredible sums
the Americans mean to spend in Paris
the coming season, the Parisian As
sociation of Merchants wantB it dis
tinctly understood that the statements
published in American newspapers to
the effect that the merchants here
have promised to keep the United
States authorities informed as to the
purchases made by overseas visitors
are entirely false and preposterous.
Diamond and jewelry dealers leagued
together on the one hand and famous
dressmaking firms on the other have
published widely in the newspapers
on this side a repudiation of the re
ports cabled from the American side.
Scores I'nited States Treasury.
Some firms have circulated a spe
cial private communication, a copy
of which was sent to the Daily News
correspondent, indignantly asking how'
the American public could be led to
believe that any self-respecting
French business house could take up
on any inducement such a "low
minded" procedure as informing upon
its customers. They want no doubt to
exist in thfe minds of traveling Ameri
cans that all their relations with their
customers are strictly confidential. In
short, the document boils over with
evident disapproval, to use a mild
term, of the United States treasury,
between which and the Rue de la Paix
there is no truce. The cououriers say
they are "all on the side of personal
human liberty" and cannot understand
why the United States government
should descend to such pettiness as
ill-bred interest in and meddling with
the personal wardrobe of citizens of
either sex.
'All this agitation has done us irre
mediable harm," said the head of an
illustrious firm of goldsmiths, which
is one of the oldest in that trade In
Europe to a correspondent, "and no
matter what reassurances now are
made thousands of visitors, who other
wise would have been purchasers,
will be frightened, and therefore will
spend their money in other ways.
Visitors Timid This Tear.
"It is astonishing how each summer
a different but generally spread set
of conditions is found among the
thousands of Americans who come
here. One summer the mysterious
conviction prevails that the United
States customs authorities are unusu
ally slack and that anything can be
got through. Another season it is
commonly understood that everybody
must be more careful than ever. This
year already we see signs of timidity
to a degree hitherto unequaled. and
so we are sending private letters to
every visitor of note to inform him
that he has nothing to fear and that
so far as we are concerned we know
how to hold our tongues."
Tradesmen in other lines do not
seem to be apprehensive. As for the
hotels, though four new and luxurious
ones have just been finished for
American patronage, they are filled
up already, and even now it is proving
hard for the wealthier class of visitors
to find the desired accommodations.
What the jewelers and dressmakers
lose the hotels and expensive resorts
of the capital expect to gain.
WITHOUTFOOD
Elinira, X. Y„ April 28.—Locked in
a box car for four days and nights
without food or water. Charles Con
ners of Chester Springs, Canada, was
taken from a l^ackawanna train here
today. Conners climbed into a box
car in Chicago Saturday, intending to
go as far as Kingston, Ont. He fell
asleep and when he awoke he found
the car had been locked and sealed
and had started for the east.

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