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VOL. 4, NO. 132.
THE mOBIiMS OF THE FUTURE OF THE HUTU James J. HQ1 Discusses Condi tions Which Are Becoming Abnormal in Character- EQIUUTY, SVUHIT, EMMY MB JUSTICE The Policy of the Fathers Has Been Changed and We Have Turned Backward Toward the Old, Traditions. ID ETII Seattle, Wash., Jane 1.—"The great I est service to the nation, to every state and city today, would he the substitution for a term of years of Jaw enforcement for law making," declared James J. Hill, In an address at the opening exercises of the Alas fca-Yukon-Paclflc Exposition today. "There are four great words that should be written upon the four -cor ner stones of every public building in this land, with the sacredness of a religious rite," said Mr. Hill. "These watchwords of the republic are Equi ty, Simplicity, Economy, and Justice. They ara interwoven with every fiber of the national fabric. To forget or deny them will lead to every misfort jtme and every possibility of destruc ttoa that rises now threateningly In the path of the country's greatness. "Equality before the law Is an em bodied promise of the United States, It Is the first principle sought to be established by the federal constitu tion. In so far as we have been faith' ful to it, we have not only grown great and prosperous "but have con manded the respect of others because we respected ourselves. In so far as we have denied it, in so far as there Is anywhere a special privilege or an unequal restriction, any decree of le gal governmental favoritism whatever, I we have changed the government of the fathers and turned backward to ward the old, evil traditions whose trail of blood and oppression runs through all history. "It needs heroism, It involves the iSfcaking off of ostentations follies that have already wanted our earlier 'Ideals, It may even require a consid erable readjustment of cur whole In dustrial system and a reform In our conception of the relation between a government and its citizens before the severe standard of absolute equality before the law can be re stored. It demands a new standard of economy both our publio and private expenditure. Favoritism In Lawmaking "It demands the repeal of many laws and the suppression of many of the bills presented to state and fed eral legislatures. So many are there framed to give to one an undue ad vantage or take away from another a fair field and an equal judgment. It demands the abolition of that most ihateful and corroding element in a republic that is called class conscious ness. To steer the ship of state among these shifting and conflicting currents, now full speed ahrad and now full speed astern, Is a task of extraordinary difficulty. Yet, unless we can follow the course of equal justice laid down on the chart, ship wreck lies somewhere ahead. "Frequent use of the phrase 'our complex civilization', creates a vague impression that simplicity has been banished necessarily from the modern world toy a kind of natural evolution. Whereas it remains now, as always, the normal rule of a wholesome na tional life. Do we gain by passing from the period when Benjamin Frank lin, in plain drees, commanded the homage of the most frivolous and most decorative capital in Europe to the period when a man cannot ac cept without humiliation a foreign am bassadorship unless he has a large Income? The life of those who do the Iwork of the world, whether In the high places or the low, is usually a simple thing. "We have complicated our educa tional system and made it superficial. 'The Just complaint everywhere is that there is no thoroughness, no whole some mental discipline for the young. "We have complicated our social .life until natural human intercourse 'is overlaid with a thick stratum of vulgar prodigality, luxury, display and Insincerity. "We have complicated our lawmak ing until, despite the high standards, the unimpaired traditions and the con tinual labors of the courts, the admin istration of justice is difficult and sometimes uncertain. "We have complicated our financial system until it encourages the wildest speculation at one moment and at an other sinks into business *ollapse. "We have complicated our industri al organization at both ends of the scale until the great middle class, which represents labor uncomblned, a fine energy and modest accumula tions of capital, finds many of its rights invaded or destroyed. "And we complicate all these com plications by incessantly passing more Jaws about them. Simplicity in gov- Jonductmethods, rning in character and in must be a fixed quality of the date that survives those changes of the centuries in which all others have vanished. "Inseparably connected with equali ty and simplicity is economy. Na tionally considered, it has become al most a forgotten term." Mr. Hill declared this to be the most wasteful country on earth in its administrative features as well as in its treatment of natural resources, and said that the discarded standard of economy in its affairs must be re stored. "Thie curtailment of federal ex penses by one-fourth would assist not only efficiency in the departments, but reforms now postponed by the task of raising and the rage of spending great sums that should be left in the ptgkets of the people. H'T# Noblest Conception ^loippblest conception of all horn v'V// "*ciated life of man kind is "ation must be true to that"f' and impartial justice which is th* indation of no bility, the patent of heroes and the final test of any state. Upon occasion the law-making power has been invok ed not to punish guilt, but to give one man an unfair advantage at the cost of another to confiscate wholly or in part property honestly earned and fairly used, to distinguish between act ivities by discriminating laws. The tendency is by no means universal, but its presence is palpable and too dangerous to foe ignored. If hatred, greed' or envy instead of justice ever becomes a formative power in public affairs, then, no matter who may be the victim, the act is treason. For no state ever enjoyed tranquility or escaped destruction if it ceased to maintain one equal and Inflexible standard of justice. The greatest serv ice to the nation, to every state and city today, would be the substitution for a term of years of law enforce ment for law-making. Get the laws fairly tried, weed out those improper or impracticable, curtail the contempt of law that now flourishes under the American system of non-enforcement, and make the people understand that government means exact and unspar ing justice. Instead of a complex game This is the only safeguard if respect for and confidence In the governing system itself are not to be gradually undermined. "In no spirit of hypercriticism or pessimistic glcom are these suggest ions made. We are most sensitive to any Imperfections in what we love best and prize most highly. We must guide our course past the shoals where we can hear the breakers roar ing as well as by the infinitely larger expanse of the safe and sunlit sea. Just because we believe in and trust the strength of our defences, we should examine them for any defect that might grow into disaster. And those who most exult in the present and most oonflde in the future of this country are most bound to labor that her greatness. If It may be, shall 'be come without a flaw." The Exposition In opening his address, Mr. Hill said: "The idea of a federation of the world comes nearest realization in the great -expositions that assemble actual evidences of man's progress in self development and toward his develop ment of the earth. The people who furnish exhibits standing side by side could not always live in peace in close personal contact. Men in our day move towards their material advances principally through the struggle for wealth. The comforts and luxuries that have been won from the earth are symbols of greater things behind. An exhibit of the works of industry, sci ence and art is, therefore, a human document of high and convincing val ue. "Most of the expositions of the past had a historic motice. It 1b a sign of development when we move away from a dependence on some past fact, and celebrate instead the general sweep of such forces as make for fu ture progress. The nation today faces forward, not backward. Such Is the genius of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition. It is expressed in its ve ry name beginning_with the farthest, newest and least developed district of our national domain, covering a coast that reaches from well within the Arc tic Circle to near the tropics, and em bracing all the mystery and might that have been suggested by the word "Pacific" for nearly four hundred years. It appears in the design of this beautiful exposition city and its In tegration with your state university and its future. Something more in spiring than a date, something of the onward and upward Impulse that Is older than nations, institutions, in dustries, older than man himself something active, personal, achieving, inheres in the thought and labor crowned today by this happy event. You have learned more of your own powers by carrying to successful com pletion and enterprise so ambitious. The outer world, by which Alaska and the Pacific coast are still largely unknown and unappreciated, will car ry away from here information as well as delight. It is. perhaps, a small epi sode in the march of human events and the unfolding of a nation's his tory, but in some ways, also, It may mark an epoch. "This occasion marks also a change in the conscious attitude of the Paci fic coast toward the rest of the country. It would be unjust to say that this section ever failed to realize the na tional integrity. The Pacific coast states have not been appealed to in vain on the chief issues of the time. But there was once a certain aloof ness, a certain supremacy of separate and independent interest. There long persisted here a kind of indifference about what might be happening be yond the mountain barrier to the east. People born here felt little desire to cross it. Newcomers soon found the old point of view lost in a new local Interest. The coming of the transcon tinental railroad first shattered this isolation. The acquisition and devel opment of Alaska, the inflow of rest less enterprise, the development of your country and the upbuilding of your cities by the men and capital of the outer world strengthened old bonds and created new ones. The ex position may be regarded as the lay ing of the last rail, the driving of the last spike, in unity of mind and pur pose between the Pacific coast and the country east of the mountains. It (Continued on page 3.) THE LYNCHING HSJfPOCRIET Mrs. Ida Wells-Barnett Makes Vigorous Charge at Negro Conference DECLARES 3,284 PEOPLE HUjEBEEN LYNCHES Denies the Statement of John Temple Graves That This Method Is What Stands Between the Women of tbe South and a Carnival of Crime New York, June 1.—That 3,284 men. women and children have been lynched in this country in the last quarter of a century was the assertion of Mrs. Ida Wells-Barnett at the Na tional Negro conference in this city today. Asking why this was permitted by a Christian nation. Mrs. Barnett quoted John Temple Graves as saying that the mob stands as the most potential bulwark between the women of the south and such a carnival of crime as would precipitate the anni hilation of the negro race. All know that this is untrue, Mrs. Barnett said. "The lynching record," she added, "discloses the hypocrisy of the lynch ers."<p></p>THE HISTORY OF STANDARD OIL What the Government Has Done to Put It Out of Business St. Louis, June 1.—'The govern ment's dissolution suit agalnat the Standard OH Companv of New Jer sey, seven of Its officers and seventy of the company's subsidiaries, has been in the courts since Nov. 15, 1906, when the complaint was filed in the circuit court of the United States for the eastern division of the eastern judicial district of Missouri at St. Lou is. It has been heard by the four judges of the eighth judicial circuit who have sat en banc as the United States circuit court of appeals, thus allowing a direct appeal from this de cision to the supreme court of the United States. This was the circuit in which the Northern Securities case was heard, and it was selected for the Standard Oil case because of its location, and because many of the governmentTs witnesses w"ere (resi dents of adjoining states. The government's allegations, which were filed by David P. Dyer, then United States district attorne, were based largely upon an investigation of the oil business conducted by James R. Garfield, commissioner of the bu reau of corporations, at the behest of President Roosevelt. This investiga tion consumed a year, and because of it, various grand Juries returned in dictments containing 8193 counts, ac cording to Commissioner Garfield's report of December 9, 1906. In petitioning for the dissolution of the New Jersey corporation and its subsidiaries, the government com plained that the defendants had con spired to "restrain the trade and com merce in petroleum, commonly called 'crude oil,' in refined oil and in the other products of petroleum among the several states and territories of the United States and the District of Columbia, and with foreign nations, and to monopolize the said commerce." John D. Rockefeller. William Rockefeller and Henry M. Flager were named as the originators of the alleged conspiracy. The bill claimed that between 1870 and 1882 Henry H. Rogers, John D. Archbold, Oliver H. Payne, and Charles M. Pratt joined the conspiracy which culminated with the organization of the New Jersey cor poration in 1899. Three Periods Three periods of development are alleged In the complaint. The first, that preceding 1882. was marked. It Is asserted, by the activities of the in dividual defendants in connection with the Standard Oil Company of Ohio, in acquiring interests in. or en tering agreements with, various com peting firms, corporations and indi viduals engaged in the oil business. From 1882 to 1889 the complaint re cited. the affairs of the various con cerns and individuals were under the management of nine tnistees by a "trust, agreement", alleged to be "in restraint of trade and commerce and in violation of law." Since 1899. it was alleged, the de fendants acted "through the Stand ard Oil Company of New Jersey as a holding corporation, which company acquired the majority of stock in var ious corporations and managed them in violation of law." It was charged also that. In their al leged efforts to monopolize the oil business, the defendants had solicited and received rebates on shipments not only of their own products but also on those of competitors aud later ac quired control of various pipe lines THE EVENING TIMES GRAND FORKS. NORTH DAKOTA. TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 1909 which were merged into the National Transit company. Kellogg in Charge From the inception of the case, Prank B. Kellogg, St. Paul and Charles B. Morrison, Chicago, have appeared on behalf of the government as spe cial assistants to the attorney general of the United States. ,iohn G. Mil hum, New York Mnritz Rosenthal, Chicago, and John G. .Johnson, Phila delphia have headed the defendant's long list of attorneys. The judges who have considered the case are: Walter H. Sanborn, St. Paul Elmer B. Adams, St. Louis Wil jis A. VanDevanter, Cheyenne, Wyom ing and William C. Hook, Leaven worth, Kansas. Service was had on the defendants in December of 190fi, and the first le gal battle came in the following month when the defense tried unsuccessfully to have the service revoked on all concerned save tbe Waters-Pierce Oil Company of Missouri, because, it was claimed, it was the only defendant res ident in the judicial district in which the suit was filed. This contention was overruled, and ihe company's an swer of sixty-six printed pages was filed April 9, 1907. Thirty-seven ex ceptions to the government's peti tion were included in this document. Argument on these took place at St. Paul, May 24, 1907. The four judges over-ruled all the exceptions, and July 15, 1907 an additional answer was filed covering the points to which the' defense had at first declined to plead. The answers admitted certain con tentions regarding stock ownership and organization and that the seven Individual defendants were members of the company, but generally denied the main allegations of the govern ment's petition, especially those charg ing conspiracy to control trade, crush competition, receive rebates and monopolize the oil business. Taking Testimnoy The taking of testimony was en trusted to Franklin Ferriss, St. Louis, who was appointed special master in chancery in June, 1907. The broad generalities of the com plaint and answer presaged a consid erable latitude in the statements of witnesses which was born out when the hearings began September 1, 1907, in New York. From then until the final testimony was given in Chicago on January 22, 1909. 444 persons answered questions before Judge Ferriss. The result was a record of 25,000 printed pages of testimony and exhibits which was filed in St. Louis on March 22, 1909. Hearings held In Cleveland and Washington also. The bulk of the testimony by the defense was given in New York. The hearings reached their climax when the defense was called to the stand Charles H. Pratt, John D. Rockefeller and John D. Archbold. Ex hibits were lntrodn.-od showing that in seven years the profits of the busi ness had totalled nearly $500,000,000, the statement for the Standard Oil Company of Indiana alone showing profits in 1906 of more than $10,000,000 on a capitalization of one-tenth that amount. Arguments on the caso began Ap ril 5, 1909, in St. Louis, continuing for a week. Both sides filed volumn ous briefs upon which the arguments by Messrs. Kellogg, Morrison. John son, Milburn, Rosenthal and other at torneys were based. The court then took the case under advisement. TWO ileitis A Parmer in Towner County Killed When Hen Coop Was Blown Over Cando, N. D., June 1.—At Beetel, In the western part of Towner county, a farmer named Martin Berg was killed in the fierce storm of last Saturday. Berg sought refuge behind a chicken coop when the building blew over, catching him in such a manner as to cause his death. At Zion considerable damage was done by the heavy wind. Several buildings were partly demolished by the force of the elements. Woman Struck by Lightning. Marmath, N. D., June 1.—This sec tion was visited by the worst electri cal storm in years on Saturday night. One fatality is reported from the Beaver Creek country, in which Mrs. Tilden Martin lost her life. Mr. and Mrs. Martin, together with their two little girls, aged 2 and 7, were on their way to the ranch of R. E. Dean. When within a half mile of their destination a bolt of lightning struck the rig and killed the horses and Mrs. Martin and shocked and badly burned Mr. Martin. The two little girls were unharmed, although the baby was in Mrs. Martin's arms at. the time. The older child proved herself a heroine and she made her way alone "through the blinding rain and darkness, to the Dean ranch, for help. When men arrived on the scene they found Mr. Martin in a paralyzed condition, forced to watch the fire slowly consuming the body of his wife. A bolt of lightning also struck the Dean ranch house and tore out one end of the building. Considerable Damage Done. Bisbee, N. I., .lune 1.—The electric storm which passed over this section of the country did considerable dam age. It was a straight wind accom panied by lightning. From Cecil post office, about twelve miles southwest of Bisbee, north, it damaged many farm buildings, including the North land elevator at Agate. The light ning is reported to have killed two horses of Anton Nelson's, southwest of Bisbee and two horses of Ole Kul berg's northwest of Bisbee. EXPOSITION President Taft Touched the Button Which Set Machin ery in Motion A DESCRIPTION OF THE GR0KS80 BUILDINGS Stupendous Wealth of the Great Em pire on liic Pacific Represented in Costly and Elaborate Exhibits of the Varied Products. Washington. June 1.—The ceremony of opening the Alaska-Yukon exposi tion by the president of the United States tookfi place in the east room of the white house at S o'clock this aft ernoon. The president touched a golden key ornamented with gold nug gets from Alaska, and by this means transmitted the electric spark which set the machinery of the great ex position in motion on the other side of the continent. At the Exposition Grounds. Seattle, June 1.—Simultaneously with the starting of the machinery of the Alaska-Yukon exposition by an electric- current set in motion by the president of the United States in the white house at the national capital, the great exposition which represents the busy, bustling west, was formally opened. Ten thousand flags were un furled by electric apparatus, cannon boomed, and the thronging thousands who witnessed the opening ceremonies cheered. It was indeed a magnificent sight. Description of the Grounds. The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific exposition cost $10,000,000, and was built in two Spokane building is California's home in Spanish mission architecture. This building contains exhibits frurn every county and is the most complete dis play of the wonderful resources of the golden state ever assembled away from home. In the rear of the Cali fornia building, and facing Seward avenue, is the New York state struc ture, a replica of Seward's old home near Auburn, New York state. In the New York building is a banquet hall. The structure is one of the most imposing at the fair. 1 years. The grouping of buildings is' much different than at other expo-! sitions. The structures are compact-! ly placed there is no long, tiresome walk from one exhibit to another. Af ter entering the main gates, two buildings standing in a cluster of trees to the left, first meet the eye. One is where the administration of: the exposition is centered and the other the auditorium, a brick and steel building of imposing architec ture. To the right, and across Puget Pla za, is the fine arts palace. This building contains a valuable art dis play loaned from famous collections all over the world. A few steps lead I to the intersection of Olympic place and Alaska avenue. To the right is a view down the "Pay Streak," the ex position amusement way, and to the left, a front, view of the auditorium and the university of Washington, in: the distance. The "Pay Streak" is also reached: by following a thoroughfare to the right, just inside the main entrance gates, and on past the rest headquar I ters of the Women's league and the The fine arts building is not far from the entrance to the grounds. It! is a permanent structure of concrete and brick. Next in line comes the main government building, with its: as iv a it a max of the fair. In this structure are it a a n-.ents at Washington. In a separate building is the wonderful display of. live fish, and in another wing the biograph room, where moving pic-. tures illustrate how the United States mails are handled, the rural free de livery and many others things of in terest. Philippine Exhibit. The Philippines, for he first time, are represented and Hawaii too. cc cupies a building directly in front of the main building and across the street is the Alaska building. The Alaska building, with exhibits of the varied resources of the northland, is a feature of the fair. Alaska. Hawaii and the Philippines are represented at Seattle on a scale not. contemplat ed when the exposition was suggest ed. The general scheme of architecture of the fair is in the French Renais sance. This is noticeable in all the larger buildings. The first county exhibit building on is an so ture built by Spokane county and di recti adjoining it is the I'hehalis Continuing the journey down Paci fic avenue the forestry building with its colonnade of fir logs from Wash-j ington forests, next comes into view facing on the opposite side of Nome circle from the Oregon and Washing ton state buildings. The forestry' building is the largest, log house in the world, an, after the exposition will be used as the school of forestry of the university of Washington. The Social Centre. All of the social functions take place in the Washington building. The Oregon building was ready six months before the fair opened. The various counties ol" Oregon have provided a fine, line of exhibits of the fruits, grains and woods raised in that state and decorations of the building show' many farm and wood scenes done in grains and grasses. In the rear of the forestry build in. on a hill overlooking Lake Wash ington. is the Hoo Hoo house, the home of visiting lumbermen. Large black cats with sparkling eyes guard the entrance gates. Pacific avenue eventually leads to Rainier vista, and nearly encircles the exposition grounds. Leaving the forestry and Oregon buildings, and proceeding down this thoroughfare the King county building, an ornate structure, comes into view and direct ly across the street stand the dairy and good roads buildings, machinery hair and the. model foundry. Near the machinery hall is the music pa vilion, almost hidden by a hedge of Douglass firs, where band concerts are given daily. In the rear of the music pavilion is the big exhibit palace erected by the Dominion of Canada and adjoin ing this structure, the Grand Trunk railway building. The landscape fea tures about these two buildings are in harmony. A few steps from the Canadian building leads to the heart of the gardens and Rainier vista. Straight ahead is a magnificent view of Mt. Rainier and to the rear is a view across Geyser basin and Cas cade court to the central government building. It is the main axis of the fair. On both sides of the main court are the big exhibit palaces, with their displays, covering many acres. To the left is the manufactures palace and directly across Geyser basin, the ufacturers of the United States and Europe have sent exhibits showing the various prosesses through which American made goods pass before the finished article is turned out. The balcony of this building is given over to a complete arts and crafts exhibit. Counties in the state of Washing ton not represented by separate buildings have provided displays in the agricultural building, and there is a large exhibit of fruits and vege tables. Just beyond the manufac turers building and adjoining the Ha waiian building, is the Oriental pal ace. The Levantine countries are well represented. Particular atten tion has been given to the displays from Turkey. Greece and Syria. 1 Directly across Cascade court stands the foreign palace where Ger many. France Great Britain and other countries have exhibits. 1 Masonic, Swedish aud other build ings. Crossing over Olympic place and I walking to a point of vantage in front of the main government structure the beautiful picture of the fair is un folded. To the right the Alaska building, to the left the Hawaiian building, and on either side of the Cascades the Oriental, Foreign, Man ufactures. and Agricultural palace. In the distance are the music pavilion, the buildings of Canada and Japan, and. completing this picture, Mt. Rainier, the highest mountain peak in 1 the United States. Various avenues a re an of in re on O or a re is so thing of interest. Buildings stand out everywhere in this forest of firs, N at a be a a re an The Japanese buildings next come into view. There are exhibits from almost every province in Japan. The Y. M. C. A. exhibit is close at hand and following Pacific avenue for a block, tbe mines building is seen. Minerals from the state of Washing ton are on display here and the col lection of ores has probably never been equaled From the mines build ing it is only a step to the Chinese viilage, the Swedish building, the model photographic building and the Pay Streak attractions. Off from the main exposition streets are the model farm, the athletic stad ium and the stock exhibit, the miles of woodland paths, natural parks and restaurants set in among the trees and shrubbery. Drinking fountains have been provided, the water supply coming direct from Cedar mountain. The grounds are well lighted and French electroliers outline the vistas. Lakes Union and Washington, ad joining the exposition, permit of aqua tic sports of every nature. Military and naval drills participated in by sailors from the American and Japan ese cruisers a ndsoldiers from the government forts near Seattle are big features and tbe reviews of the troops are witnessed by thousands of visitors. Aerial Races. Balloon and airship races are among the big events and aeroplane tests are conducted by the Seattle aero club. Some of the fastest motor boats in the world will race daily on l.ake Washington and picked crews from the Igorrote and Eskimo villages try their skill in handling the oars in their native craft. The amusement street at Seattle contains a full mile of attractions. Bands of every nation give concerts daily. The landscaping of the grounds has been carried out on an elaborate plan. In the illumination, thousands of in candescent lamps have been strung along the buildings. Tbe Alaska shaft is made a tower of light and tbe Cascades are broken into rain bows. The Geyser basin, at tbe foot of the falls, is also made beautiful .iv hundreds of submerged lights oi various colors. 1 county structure". Nearby are the Utah and Idaho state biulilings and in the distance the log cabin of the Arctic brotherhood, an Alaskan fra ternal organization. From this stand point looking across the natural am phitheater where all open exercises, are held, in the first vista of Lake Washington. Directly across the THE WEATHER. North Dakota—Fair tuuight and Wednesday. Cooler tonight. EIGHT PAGES—PRICE FIVE CENTS. B.T SERUM OF SENATORS Believes It Has Been Made a Dupe of by the Ur^.ted States OFFICIALS ACTED III 6000 FAITH INJETTING MATTER Request From America Was Sent to the Several States of Germany and the Statistics Were Gathered By Them From Reliable Sources Berlin, June 1.—The charges made at Washington by various American senators that the German government was endeavoring to influence the tariff legislation in the United States by supplying official information re garding wages, which, upon examina tion, proved to be much higher than wages attributed to the German man ufacturers in the hearings before ths ways and means committee of the house, has caused a disagreeable Im pression in governmental offices here. This is especially the case at the, ministry of the interior and the for eign office where the information in question was prepared in reply to a' request sent in by the state depart ment. The German government has been subjected, during the past two months to attacks by the German trade jour nals f«r having supplied America with German trade secrets. This knowl edge of German wages, it is alleged, made it possible to adjust the new tariff to a level where German goods could not be exported to the United States. The abstract of the foreign offices' communication through Ambassador Hill to the state department appeared in these dispatches March 29. and was later reproduced in the German news papers. It brought out savage at tacks on the government for yielding to the "impudent demands of the yanks'' for official reports of wages, thus arming the German's competitors with vital information. The state department, in formulat ing its request sent through Ambas sador Hill, is understood to have em phasized the point that Germany's advantage lay in supplying trust worthy information with regard to wages so that the United States could frame its tariff schedules equitably. Otherwise, it was argued, Germany could not complain if erroneous in formation was used, as the basis of this request was received December 10 and was made the subject of a com munication to the federal states of Germany, each of which ultimately obtained the information desired from the official chambers of commerce. A mass of reports was first collected in the minister?- of the interior and then in the trade division of the for eign office. It was transmitted about March 2 and arrived at Washington about April S, being sent in duplicate both through Ambassador Hill and Count von Bernstorff, the German am bassador at Washington. Some sur prise is expressed here that for two mouths the material apparently did not reach the American congress, or if it did reach either house, it must have been pigeonholed. German offi cials have been enduring attacks at home, but they are amazed at the accusationl from America that they acted strangely in complying with the request of the American government. The matter is likely to come up in the reichstag. BUNDLE BOY TO SENATOR Chicago. May 31.—Anecdotes with out end about Senator Lorimer have followed his election by the Illinois legislature, among the best being those those of Gus Swanson, now jail or at detective headquarters. H* hired a lively lad, Billy Lorimer," to be bundle boy in his laundry years ago. "One day Billy saw me deliver ing packages," he relates, "and asked me to hire him to do the work. He spoke about his mother, two sisters and a brother, whom he was trying to support, and he pleaded so for the job that I put him to work. I kept adding 50 cents or $1 a week to his wages until he was getting about |25 a month. He worked hard for it, too. He was up early in the morning help ing in the laundry and worked until late at night. When Billy was about 15 or 16 years old I went to Maine with my wife on a month's vacation. We left Billy in charge of the laun dry. On leaving I gave him $500 as a bank roll to run the business, and told him to do his best. That was a whole lot of money to leave with a kid. When we came back to Chicago he had an itemized statement of all the money taken in and paid out for help, rent, and other expenses. It was correct to a cent." There are many street car employes who re member Lorimer when he was a con ductor during the horse car days on Halsted street. His driver of those days related: "He had his fights with hoodlums who used to try to run his car. and I must say for him that he could always hold his own in a scrap. Halsted street was a pretty tough line in those days, and many a con ductor pot his trimmings from the rowdie? who patronized the cars. It was almost a nightly occurrence for some conductor to have his head beat en off by the gang back of the yards.