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The evening times. [volume] (Grand Forks, N.D.) 1906-1914, June 01, 1909, Image 1

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VOL. 4, NO. 132.
James J. HQ1 Discusses Condi
tions Which Are Becoming
Abnormal in Character-
The Policy of the Fathers Has Been
Changed and We Have Turned
Backward Toward the Old,
Seattle, Wash., Jane 1.—"The great
I est service to the nation, to every
state and city today, would he the
substitution for a term of years of
Jaw enforcement for law making,"
declared James J. Hill, In an address
at the opening exercises of the Alas
fca-Yukon-Paclflc Exposition today.
"There are four great words that
should be written upon the four -cor
ner stones of every public building
in this land, with the sacredness of a
religious rite," said Mr. Hill. "These
watchwords of the republic are Equi
ty, Simplicity, Economy, and Justice.
They ara interwoven with every fiber
of the national fabric. To forget or
deny them will lead to every misfort
jtme and every possibility of destruc
ttoa that rises now threateningly In
the path of the country's greatness.
"Equality before the law Is an em
bodied promise of the United States,
It Is the first principle sought to be
established by the federal constitu
tion. In so far as we have been faith'
ful to it, we have not only grown
great and prosperous "but have con
manded the respect of others because
we respected ourselves. In so far as
we have denied it, in so far as there
Is anywhere a special privilege or an
unequal restriction, any decree of le
gal governmental favoritism whatever,
I we have changed the government of
the fathers and turned backward to
ward the old, evil traditions whose
trail of blood and oppression runs
through all history.
"It needs heroism, It involves the
iSfcaking off of ostentations follies that
have already wanted our earlier
'Ideals, It may even require a consid
erable readjustment of cur whole In
dustrial system and a reform In our
conception of the relation between a
government and its citizens before
the severe standard of absolute
equality before the law can be re
stored. It demands a new standard
of economy
both our publio and
private expenditure.
Favoritism In Lawmaking
"It demands the repeal of many
laws and the suppression of many of
the bills presented to state and fed
eral legislatures. So many are there
framed to give to one an undue ad
vantage or take away from another
a fair field and an equal judgment. It
demands the abolition of that most
ihateful and corroding element in a
republic that is called class conscious
ness. To steer the ship of state
among these shifting and conflicting
currents, now full speed ahrad and
now full speed astern, Is a task of
extraordinary difficulty. Yet, unless
we can follow the course of equal
justice laid down on the chart, ship
wreck lies somewhere ahead.
"Frequent use of the phrase 'our
complex civilization', creates a vague
impression that simplicity has been
banished necessarily from the modern
world toy a kind of natural evolution.
Whereas it remains now, as always,
the normal rule of a wholesome na
tional life. Do we gain by passing
from the period when Benjamin Frank
lin, in plain drees, commanded the
homage of the most frivolous and
most decorative capital in Europe to
the period when a man cannot ac
cept without humiliation a foreign am
bassadorship unless he has a large
Income? The life of those who do the
Iwork of the world, whether In the
high places or the low, is usually
a simple thing.
"We have complicated our educa
tional system and made it superficial.
'The Just complaint everywhere is that
there is no thoroughness, no whole
some mental discipline for the young.
"We have complicated our social
.life until natural human intercourse
'is overlaid with a thick stratum of
vulgar prodigality, luxury, display and
have complicated our lawmak
ing until, despite the high standards,
the unimpaired traditions and the con
tinual labors of the courts, the admin
istration of justice is difficult and
sometimes uncertain.
"We have complicated our financial
system until it encourages the wildest
speculation at one moment and at an
other sinks into business *ollapse.
"We have complicated our industri
al organization at both ends of the
scale until the great middle class,
which represents labor uncomblned,
a fine energy and modest accumula
tions of capital, finds many of its
rights invaded or destroyed.
"And we complicate all these com
plications by incessantly passing more
Jaws about them. Simplicity in gov-
rning in character and in
must be a fixed quality of the
date that survives those changes of
the centuries in which all others have
"Inseparably connected with equali
ty and simplicity is economy. Na
tionally considered, it has become al
most a forgotten term."
Mr. Hill declared this to be the
most wasteful country on earth in its
administrative features as well as in
its treatment of natural resources,
and said that the discarded standard
of economy in its affairs must be re
"Thie curtailment of federal ex
penses by one-fourth would assist not
only efficiency in the departments, but
reforms now postponed by the task
of raising and the rage of spending
great sums that should be left in the
ptgkets of the people.
H'T# Noblest Conception
^loippblest conception of all
horn v'V// "*ciated life of man
kind is "ation must be
true to that"f' and impartial
justice which is th* indation of no
bility, the patent of heroes and the
final test of any state. Upon occasion
the law-making power has been invok
ed not to punish guilt, but to give one
man an unfair advantage at the cost
of another to confiscate wholly or
in part property honestly earned and
fairly used, to distinguish between act
ivities by discriminating laws. The
tendency is by no means universal,
but its presence is palpable and too
dangerous to foe ignored. If hatred,
greed' or envy instead of justice ever
becomes a formative power in public
affairs, then, no matter who may be
the victim, the act is treason. For no
state ever enjoyed tranquility or
escaped destruction if it ceased to
maintain one equal and Inflexible
standard of justice. The greatest serv
ice to the nation, to every state and
city today, would be the substitution
for a term of years of law enforce
ment for law-making. Get the laws
fairly tried, weed out those improper
or impracticable, curtail the contempt
of law that now flourishes under the
American system of non-enforcement,
and make the people understand that
government means exact and unspar
ing justice. Instead of a complex game
This is the only safeguard if respect
for and confidence In the governing
system itself are not to be gradually
"In no spirit of hypercriticism or
pessimistic glcom are these suggest
ions made. We are most sensitive to
any Imperfections in what we love
best and prize most highly. We must
guide our course past the shoals
where we can hear the breakers roar
ing as well as by the infinitely larger
expanse of the safe and sunlit sea.
Just because we believe in and trust
the strength of our defences, we
should examine them for any defect
that might grow into disaster. And
those who most exult in the present
and most oonflde in the future of this
country are most bound to labor that
her greatness. If It may be, shall 'be
come without a flaw."
The Exposition
In opening his address, Mr. Hill
said: "The idea of a federation of the
world comes nearest realization in the
great -expositions that assemble actual
evidences of man's progress in self
development and toward his develop
ment of the earth. The people who
furnish exhibits standing side by side
could not always live in peace in close
personal contact. Men in our day
move towards their material advances
principally through the struggle for
wealth. The comforts and luxuries
that have been won from the earth are
symbols of greater things behind. An
exhibit of the works of industry, sci
ence and art is, therefore, a human
document of high and convincing val
"Most of the expositions of the past
had a historic motice. It 1b a sign
of development when we move away
from a dependence on some past fact,
and celebrate instead the general
sweep of such forces as make for fu
ture progress. The nation today faces
forward, not backward. Such Is the
genius of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific
Exposition. It is expressed in its ve
ry name beginning_with the farthest,
newest and least developed district of
our national domain, covering a coast
that reaches from well within the Arc
tic Circle to near the tropics, and em
bracing all the mystery and might that
have been suggested by the word
"Pacific" for nearly four hundred
years. It appears in the design of this
beautiful exposition city and its In
tegration with your state university
and its future. Something more in
spiring than a date, something of the
onward and upward Impulse that Is
older than nations, institutions, in
dustries, older than man himself
something active, personal, achieving,
inheres in the thought and labor
crowned today by this happy event.
You have learned more of your own
powers by carrying to successful com
pletion and enterprise so ambitious.
The outer world, by which Alaska and
the Pacific coast are still largely
unknown and unappreciated, will car
ry away from here information as well
as delight. It is. perhaps, a small epi
sode in the march of human events
and the unfolding of a nation's his
tory, but in some ways, also, It may
mark an epoch.
"This occasion marks also a change
in the conscious attitude of the Paci
fic coast toward the rest of the country.
It would be unjust to say that this
section ever failed to realize the na
tional integrity. The Pacific coast
states have not been appealed to in
vain on the chief issues of the time.
But there was once a certain aloof
ness, a certain supremacy of separate
and independent interest. There long
persisted here a kind of indifference
about what might be happening be
yond the mountain barrier to the east.
People born here felt little desire to
cross it. Newcomers soon found the
old point of view lost in a new local
Interest. The coming of the transcon
tinental railroad first shattered this
isolation. The acquisition and devel
opment of Alaska, the inflow of rest
less enterprise, the development of
your country and the upbuilding of
your cities by the men and capital
of the outer world strengthened old
bonds and created new ones. The ex
position may be regarded as the lay
ing of the last rail, the driving of the
last spike, in unity of mind and pur
pose between the Pacific coast and
the country east of the mountains. It
(Continued on page 3.)
Mrs. Ida Wells-Barnett Makes
Vigorous Charge at Negro
Denies the Statement of John Temple
Graves That This Method Is What
Stands Between the Women of tbe
South and a Carnival of Crime
New York, June 1.—That 3,284 men.
women and children have been
lynched in this country in the last
quarter of a century was the assertion
of Mrs. Ida Wells-Barnett at the Na
tional Negro conference in this city
today. Asking why this was permitted
by a Christian nation. Mrs. Barnett
quoted John Temple Graves as saying
that the mob stands as the most
potential bulwark between the women
of the south and such a carnival of
crime as would precipitate the anni
hilation of the negro race. All know
that this is untrue, Mrs. Barnett said.
"The lynching record," she added,
"discloses the hypocrisy of the lynch
What the Government Has
Done to Put It Out of
St. Louis, June 1.—'The govern
ment's dissolution suit agalnat the
Standard OH Companv of New Jer
sey, seven of Its officers and seventy
of the company's subsidiaries, has
been in the courts since Nov. 15, 1906,
when the complaint was filed in the
circuit court of the United States for
the eastern division of the eastern
judicial district of Missouri at St. Lou
is. It has been heard by the four
judges of the eighth judicial circuit
who have sat en banc as the United
States circuit court of appeals, thus
allowing a direct appeal from this de
cision to the supreme court of the
United States. This was the circuit
in which the Northern Securities case
was heard, and it was selected for
the Standard Oil case because of its
location, and because many of the
governmentTs witnesses w"ere (resi
dents of adjoining states.
The government's allegations, which
were filed by David P. Dyer, then
United States district attorne, were
based largely upon an investigation of
the oil business conducted by James
R. Garfield, commissioner of the bu
reau of corporations, at the behest of
President Roosevelt. This investiga
tion consumed a year, and because of
it, various grand Juries returned in
dictments containing 8193 counts, ac
cording to Commissioner Garfield's
report of December 9, 1906.
In petitioning for the dissolution of
the New Jersey corporation and its
subsidiaries, the government com
plained that the defendants had con
spired to "restrain the trade and com
merce in petroleum, commonly called
'crude oil,' in refined oil and in the
other products of petroleum among
the several states and territories of
the United States and the District of
Columbia, and with foreign nations,
and to monopolize the said commerce."
John D. Rockefeller. William
Rockefeller and Henry M. Flager
were named as the originators of the
alleged conspiracy. The bill claimed
that between 1870 and 1882 Henry H.
Rogers, John D. Archbold, Oliver H.
Payne, and Charles M. Pratt joined the
conspiracy which culminated with the
organization of the New Jersey cor
poration in 1899.
Three Periods
Three periods of development are
alleged In the complaint. The first,
that preceding 1882. was marked. It
Is asserted, by the activities of the in
dividual defendants in connection
with the Standard Oil Company of
Ohio, in acquiring interests in. or en
tering agreements with, various com
peting firms, corporations and indi
viduals engaged in the oil business.
From 1882 to 1889 the complaint re
cited. the affairs of the various con
cerns and individuals were under the
management of nine tnistees by a
"trust, agreement", alleged to be "in
restraint of trade and commerce and
in violation of law."
Since 1899. it was alleged, the de
fendants acted "through the Stand
ard Oil Company of New Jersey as a
holding corporation, which company
acquired the majority of stock in var
ious corporations and managed them
in violation of law."
It was charged also that. In their al
leged efforts to monopolize the oil
business, the defendants had solicited
and received rebates on shipments not
only of their own products but also
on those of competitors aud later ac
quired control of various
pipe lines
which were merged into the National
Transit company.
Kellogg in Charge
From the inception of the case,
Prank B. Kellogg, St. Paul and Charles
B. Morrison, Chicago, have appeared
on behalf of the government as spe
cial assistants to the attorney general
of the United States. ,iohn G. Mil
hum, New York Mnritz Rosenthal,
Chicago, and John G. .Johnson, Phila
delphia have headed the defendant's
long list of attorneys.
The judges who have considered the
case are: Walter H. Sanborn, St.
Paul Elmer B. Adams, St. Louis Wil
jis A. VanDevanter, Cheyenne, Wyom
ing and William C. Hook, Leaven
worth, Kansas.
Service was had on the defendants
in December of 190fi, and the first le
gal battle came in the following month
when the defense tried unsuccessfully
to have the service revoked on all
concerned save tbe Waters-Pierce Oil
Company of Missouri, because, it was
claimed, it was the only defendant res
ident in the judicial district in which
the suit was filed. This contention
was overruled, and ihe company's an
swer of sixty-six printed pages was
filed April 9, 1907. Thirty-seven ex
ceptions to the government's peti
tion were included in this document.
Argument on these took place at St.
Paul, May 24, 1907. The four judges
over-ruled all the exceptions, and July
15, 1907 an additional answer was
filed covering the points to which the'
defense had at first declined to plead.
The answers admitted certain con
tentions regarding stock ownership
and organization and that the seven
Individual defendants were members
of the company, but generally denied
the main allegations of the govern
ment's petition, especially those charg
ing conspiracy to control trade, crush
competition, receive rebates and
monopolize the oil business.
Taking Testimnoy
The taking of testimony was en
trusted to Franklin Ferriss, St. Louis,
who was appointed special master in
chancery in June, 1907.
The broad generalities of the com
plaint and answer presaged a consid
erable latitude in the statements of
witnesses which was born out when
the hearings began September 1, 1907,
in New York.
From then until the final testimony
was given in Chicago on January 22,
1909. 444 persons answered questions
before Judge Ferriss. The result was
a record of 25,000 printed pages of
testimony and exhibits which was filed
in St. Louis on March 22, 1909.
Hearings held In Cleveland and
Washington also. The bulk of the
testimony by the defense was given
in New York.
The hearings reached their climax
when the defense was called to the
stand Charles H. Pratt, John D.
Rockefeller and John D. Archbold. Ex
hibits were lntrodn.-od showing that
in seven years the profits of the busi
ness had totalled nearly $500,000,000,
the statement for the Standard Oil
Company of Indiana alone showing
profits in 1906 of more than $10,000,000
on a capitalization of one-tenth that
Arguments on the caso began Ap
ril 5, 1909, in St. Louis, continuing
for a week. Both sides filed volumn
ous briefs upon which the arguments
by Messrs. Kellogg, Morrison. John
son, Milburn, Rosenthal and other at
torneys were based. The court then
took the case under advisement.
A Parmer in Towner County
Killed When Hen Coop
Was Blown Over
Cando, N. D., June 1.—At Beetel, In
the western part of Towner county, a
farmer named Martin Berg was killed
in the fierce storm of last Saturday.
Berg sought refuge behind a chicken
coop when the building blew over,
catching him in such a manner as to
cause his death.
At Zion considerable damage was
done by the heavy wind. Several
buildings were partly demolished by
the force of the elements.
Woman Struck by Lightning.
Marmath, N. D., June 1.—This sec
tion was visited by the worst electri
cal storm in years on Saturday night.
One fatality is reported from the
Beaver Creek country, in which Mrs.
Tilden Martin lost her life. Mr. and
Mrs. Martin, together with their two
little girls, aged 2 and 7, were on
their way to the ranch of R. E. Dean.
When within a half mile of their
destination a bolt of lightning struck
the rig and killed the horses and Mrs.
Martin and shocked and badly burned
Mr. Martin. The two little girls were
unharmed, although the baby was in
Mrs. Martin's arms at. the time. The
older child proved herself a heroine
and she made her way alone "through
the blinding rain and darkness, to the
Dean ranch, for help.
When men arrived on the scene
they found Mr. Martin in a paralyzed
condition, forced to watch the fire
slowly consuming the body of his
A bolt of lightning also struck the
Dean ranch house and tore out one
end of the building.
Considerable Damage Done.
Bisbee, N. I., .lune 1.—The electric
storm which passed over this section
of the country did considerable dam
age. It was a straight wind accom
panied by lightning. From Cecil post
office, about twelve miles southwest
of Bisbee, north, it damaged many
farm buildings, including the North
land elevator at Agate. The light
ning is reported to have killed two
horses of Anton Nelson's, southwest
of Bisbee and two horses of Ole Kul
berg's northwest of Bisbee.
President Taft Touched the
Button Which Set Machin
ery in Motion
Stupendous Wealth of the Great Em
pire on liic Pacific Represented in
Costly and Elaborate Exhibits of the
Varied Products.
Washington. June 1.—The ceremony
of opening the Alaska-Yukon exposi
tion by the president of the United
States tookfi place in the east room of
the white house at S o'clock this aft
ernoon. The president touched a
golden key ornamented with gold nug
gets from Alaska, and by this means
transmitted the electric spark which
set the machinery of the great ex
position in motion on the other side
of the continent.
At the Exposition Grounds.
Seattle, June 1.—Simultaneously
with the starting of the machinery of
the Alaska-Yukon exposition by an
electric- current set in motion by the
president of the United States in the
white house at the national capital,
the great exposition which represents
the busy, bustling west, was formally
opened. Ten thousand flags were un
furled by electric apparatus, cannon
boomed, and the thronging thousands
who witnessed the opening ceremonies
cheered. It was indeed a magnificent
Description of the Grounds.
The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific exposition
cost $10,000,000, and was built in two
Spokane building is California's home
in Spanish mission architecture. This
building contains exhibits frurn every
county and is the most complete dis
play of the wonderful resources of
the golden state ever assembled away
from home. In the rear of the Cali
fornia building, and facing Seward
avenue, is the New York state struc
ture, a replica of Seward's old home
near Auburn, New York state. In
the New York building is a banquet
hall. The structure is one of the
most imposing at the fair.
years. The grouping of buildings is'
much different than at other expo-!
sitions. The structures are compact-!
ly placed there is no long, tiresome
walk from one exhibit to another. Af
ter entering the main gates, two
buildings standing in a cluster of
trees to the left, first meet the eye.
One is where the administration of:
the exposition is centered and the
other the auditorium, a brick and
steel building of imposing architec
To the right, and across Puget Pla
za, is the fine arts palace. This
building contains a valuable art dis
play loaned from famous collections
all over the world. A few steps lead
I to the intersection of Olympic place
and Alaska avenue. To the right is a
view down the "Pay Streak," the ex
position amusement way, and to the
left, a front, view of the auditorium
and the university of Washington, in:
the distance.
The "Pay Streak" is also reached:
by following a thoroughfare to the
right, just inside the main entrance
gates, and on past the rest headquar
I ters of the Women's league and the
The fine arts building is not far
from the entrance to the grounds. It!
is a permanent structure of concrete
and brick. Next in line comes the
main government building, with its:
as iv a it a
max of the fair. In this structure are
it a a
n-.ents at Washington. In a separate
building is the wonderful display of.
live fish, and in another wing the
biograph room, where moving pic-.
tures illustrate how the United States
mails are handled, the rural free de
livery and many others things of in
Philippine Exhibit.
The Philippines, for he first time,
are represented and Hawaii too. cc
cupies a building directly in front of
the main building and across the
street is the Alaska building. The
Alaska building, with exhibits of the
varied resources of the northland, is
a feature of the fair. Alaska. Hawaii
and the Philippines are represented
at Seattle on a scale not. contemplat
ed when the exposition was suggest
The general scheme of architecture
of the fair is in the French Renais
sance. This is noticeable in all the
larger buildings.
The first county exhibit building on
is an so
ture built by Spokane county and di
recti adjoining it is the I'hehalis
Continuing the journey down Paci
fic avenue the forestry building with
its colonnade of fir logs from Wash-j
ington forests, next comes into view
facing on the opposite side of Nome
circle from the Oregon and Washing
ton state buildings. The forestry'
building is the largest, log house in
the world, an, after the exposition
will be used as the school of forestry
of the university of Washington.
The Social Centre.
All of the social functions take
place in the Washington building. The
Oregon building was ready six months
before the fair opened. The various
counties ol" Oregon have provided a
fine, line of exhibits of the fruits,
grains and woods raised in that state
and decorations of the building show'
many farm and wood scenes done in
grains and grasses.
In the rear of the forestry build
in. on a hill overlooking Lake Wash
ington. is the Hoo Hoo house, the
home of visiting lumbermen. Large
black cats with sparkling eyes guard
the entrance gates.
Pacific avenue eventually leads to
Rainier vista, and nearly encircles
the exposition grounds. Leaving the
forestry and Oregon buildings, and
proceeding down this thoroughfare
the King county building, an ornate
structure, comes into view and direct
ly across the street stand the dairy
and good roads buildings, machinery
hair and the. model foundry. Near
the machinery hall is the music pa
vilion, almost hidden by a hedge of
Douglass firs, where band concerts
are given daily.
In the rear of the music pavilion
is the big exhibit palace erected by
the Dominion of Canada and adjoin
ing this structure, the Grand Trunk
railway building. The landscape fea
tures about these two buildings are
in harmony. A few steps from the
Canadian building leads to the heart
of the gardens and Rainier vista.
Straight ahead is a magnificent view
of Mt. Rainier and to the rear is a
view across Geyser basin and Cas
cade court to the central government
building. It is the main axis of the
On both sides of the main court are
the big exhibit palaces, with their
displays, covering many acres. To
the left is the manufactures palace
and directly across Geyser basin, the
ufacturers of the United States and
Europe have sent exhibits showing
the various prosesses through which
American made goods pass before the
finished article is turned out. The
balcony of this building is given over
to a complete arts and crafts exhibit.
Counties in the state of Washing
ton not represented by separate
buildings have provided displays in
the agricultural building, and there
is a large exhibit of fruits and vege
tables. Just beyond the manufac
turers building and adjoining the Ha
waiian building, is the Oriental pal
ace. The Levantine countries are
well represented. Particular atten
tion has been given to the displays
from Turkey. Greece and Syria.
Directly across Cascade court
stands the foreign palace where Ger
many. France Great Britain and other
countries have exhibits.
Masonic, Swedish aud other build
Crossing over Olympic place and I
walking to a point of vantage in front
of the main government structure the
beautiful picture of the fair is un
folded. To the right the Alaska
building, to the left the Hawaiian
building, and on either side of the
Cascades the Oriental, Foreign, Man
ufactures. and Agricultural palace. In
the distance are the music pavilion,
the buildings of Canada and Japan,
and. completing this picture, Mt.
Rainier, the highest mountain peak in
the United States. Various avenues
a re an of in re
on O or a re is so
thing of interest. Buildings stand
out everywhere in this forest of firs,
N at a be a a re an
The Japanese buildings next come
into view. There are exhibits from
almost every province in Japan. The
Y. M. C. A. exhibit is close at hand
and following Pacific avenue for a
block, tbe mines building is seen.
Minerals from the state of Washing
ton are on display here and the col
lection of ores has probably never
been equaled From the mines build
ing it is only a step to the Chinese
viilage, the Swedish building, the
model photographic building and the
Pay Streak attractions.
Off from the main exposition streets
are the model farm, the athletic stad
ium and the stock exhibit, the miles
of woodland paths, natural parks and
restaurants set in among the trees
and shrubbery. Drinking fountains
have been provided, the water supply
coming direct from Cedar mountain.
The grounds are well lighted and
French electroliers outline the vistas.
Lakes Union and Washington, ad
joining the exposition, permit of aqua
tic sports of every nature. Military
and naval drills participated in by
sailors from the American and Japan
ese cruisers a ndsoldiers from the
government forts near Seattle are
big features and tbe reviews of the
troops are witnessed by thousands of
Aerial Races.
Balloon and airship races are
among the big events and aeroplane
tests are conducted by the Seattle
aero club. Some of the fastest motor
boats in the world will race daily on
l.ake Washington and picked crews
from the Igorrote and Eskimo villages
try their skill in handling the oars in
their native craft.
The amusement street at Seattle
contains a full mile of attractions.
Bands of every nation give concerts
The landscaping of the grounds has
been carried out on an elaborate plan.
In the illumination, thousands of in
candescent lamps have been strung
along the buildings. Tbe Alaska
shaft is made a tower of light and
tbe Cascades are broken into rain
bows. The Geyser basin, at tbe foot
of the falls, is also made beautiful
.iv hundreds of submerged lights oi
various colors.
county structure". Nearby are the
Utah and Idaho state biulilings and
in the distance the log cabin of the
Arctic brotherhood, an Alaskan fra
ternal organization. From this stand
point looking across the natural am
phitheater where all open exercises,
are held, in the first vista of Lake
Washington. Directly across the
North Dakota—Fair tuuight and
Wednesday. Cooler tonight.
Believes It Has Been Made a
Dupe of by the Ur^.ted
Request From America Was Sent to
the Several States of Germany and
the Statistics Were Gathered By
Them From Reliable Sources
Berlin, June 1.—The charges made
at Washington by various American
senators that the German government
was endeavoring to influence the
tariff legislation in the United States
by supplying official information re
garding wages, which, upon examina
tion, proved to be much higher than
wages attributed to the German man
ufacturers in the hearings before ths
ways and means committee of the
house, has caused a disagreeable Im
pression in governmental offices here.
This is especially the case at the,
ministry of the interior and the for
eign office where the information in
question was prepared in reply to a'
request sent in by the state depart
The German government has been
subjected, during the past two months
to attacks by the German trade jour
nals f«r having supplied America with
German trade secrets. This knowl
edge of German wages, it is alleged,
made it possible to adjust the new
tariff to a level where German goods
could not be exported to the United
The abstract of the foreign offices'
communication through Ambassador
Hill to the state department appeared
in these dispatches March 29. and was
later reproduced in the German news
papers. It brought out savage at
tacks on the government for yielding
to the "impudent demands of the
yanks'' for official reports of wages,
thus arming the German's competitors
with vital information.
The state department, in formulat
ing its request sent through Ambas
sador Hill, is understood to have em
phasized the point that Germany's
advantage lay in supplying trust
worthy information with regard to
wages so that the United States could
frame its tariff schedules equitably.
Otherwise, it was argued, Germany
could not complain if erroneous in
formation was used, as the basis of
this request was received December
10 and was made the subject of a com
munication to the federal states of
Germany, each of which ultimately
obtained the information desired from
the official chambers of commerce. A
mass of reports was first collected in
the minister?- of the interior and
then in the trade division of the for
eign office. It was transmitted about
March 2 and arrived at Washington
about April S, being sent in duplicate
both through Ambassador Hill and
Count von Bernstorff, the German am
bassador at Washington. Some sur
prise is expressed here that for two
mouths the material apparently did
not reach the American congress, or
if it did reach either house, it must
have been pigeonholed. German offi
cials have been enduring attacks at
home, but they are amazed at the
accusationl from America that they
acted strangely in complying with the
request of the American government.
The matter is likely to come up in the
Chicago. May 31.—Anecdotes with
out end about Senator Lorimer have
followed his election by the Illinois
legislature, among the best being
those those of Gus Swanson, now jail
or at detective headquarters. H*
hired a lively lad, Billy Lorimer," to
be bundle boy in his laundry years
ago. "One day Billy saw me deliver
ing packages," he relates, "and asked
me to hire him to do the work. He
spoke about his mother, two sisters
and a brother, whom he was trying
to support, and he pleaded so for the
job that I put him to work. I kept
adding 50 cents or $1 a week to his
wages until he was getting about |25
a month. He worked hard for it, too.
He was up early in the morning help
ing in the laundry and worked until
late at night. When Billy was about
15 or 16 years old I went to Maine
with my wife on a month's vacation.
We left Billy in charge of the laun
dry. On leaving I gave him $500 as
a bank roll to run the business, and
told him to do his best. That was a
whole lot of money to leave with a
kid. When we came back to Chicago
he had an itemized statement of all
the money taken in and paid out for
help, rent, and other expenses. It
was correct to a cent." There are
many street car employes who re
member Lorimer when he was a con
ductor during the horse car days on
Halsted street. His driver of those
days related: "He had his fights with
hoodlums who used to try to run his
car. and I must say for him that he
could always hold his own in a scrap.
Halsted street was a pretty tough
line in those days, and many a con
ductor pot his trimmings from the
rowdie? who patronized the cars. It
was almost a nightly occurrence for
some conductor to have his head beat
en off by the gang back of the yards.

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