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A vl 4 to- Ev II II II II II II II II II II II I taotglrtaad in weatporttona tonight. VOL. 9, NO. 4t ERMNS CMfMlf Even After Murderer Had Been Placed in Box, There Was Life in Hi« Form. CALGARY SCENE OF BRUTAL HANGING Bobues, the Hangman, Nervous, mid Falls to. Carry Out Mandate of Court In Proper Manner—VlvUm Seated in Chair on Scaffold. (Times Special.) Caigary, Alia., Feb. 17.—William Jasper Collins, self-confessed mur derer of John P. Benson, which mur der was .committed at Cereal, Alta,, May 2, last, was hanged at the mount ed police barracks this morning. As had been expected, the affair Was the most gruesome, but not from the fact that Collins had to be carried to the gallows, but rather from the tact that the hanging was bungled In a most horrible manner. Seated In Arm CliaJr. With Collins seated in an arm ehalr, the trap was sprung at 8:03 o'clock. It was not until 8:20 that he was pronounced dead by Dr. Costello. Groans Fifteen Minutes. Groans were heard to come from Collins' Inanimate form fully fifteen minutes after, the trap was released, and Dr. Costello, Sheriff Graham, Superintendent Bain and Hangman Holmes held a hurried consultation, off In one corner, but when they re turned there was less trace of anima tion and Collins was allowed to pass out of the world without being again subjected to the ordeal of the scaf fold. Walks to Scaffold. It was 7:68 when Sheriff Graham entered the death cell and told Collins that the sentence of death was that he was to be hanged by the neck until dead, and to prepare to die at once. Collins walked uprightly to the scaf fold and paid no attention to the rough coffin ashe passed It. He was escorted on either side by mounted renaer mia Dut"TMT utflt (tOf ua 110 walked up the steps to the scaffold WiriigiManVHWrvfriia. Holmes was lii'anifestly nervous is he. adjusted the rope around Collins' neck and there was a flow of language from the mounted policemen that was not exactly complimentary to the manner in which he was conducting the execution. Rope Is Adjusted. Finally the rope was adjusted over the black cap and Homes stepped hack. Charles Bailey, reader of the Chris tian Science church then stepped up and repeated a short prayer audible only to Collins. He then asked if the condemned man had any last message to send his relatives. He received no reply. Tr^p is Sprung. Mr. Bailey signified to the hangman that. his offices had been performed, and the trap was sprung at 8:03, only five minutes from the time the sheriff had entered the cell. There must have been something wrong in some manner or other, for the rope slipped up and caught Col lins around the chin, and when' he was cut down about aye minutes after the trap was released, it was plainly ap parent to all that he was still alive, and when laid beside the coflln, groans were heard to issue from time to time. Life Leaves Him Rapidly. However, life was fast becoming extinct, and Collins was placed in the coflln. Later he was removed for the autopsy. Collins and Benson were both na tives of Braymer.Mo. The latter had befriended Collins, and when he came to Alberta to: take Up a homestead, brought Collins along with him. Ben son had In his possession about $3,400 which must have aroused the cupidity of Collins, who murdered Benson on llay-2. Soqgbt to (tonr OHam. The murder was committed by striking Benson on the head with a hammer, stunning him. This was fol lowed tjr a shot through the left breast. Next the shack and the body of Benson were saturated in coal oil and fired. In carrying out the sentence^ one of the most disgusting scenes ever enacted, took place. IABORBR ROOZRH TO MMWI Galeebnrg, iu.. Feb. 17.—Last night Georg# Benci, a Hungarian laborer, frose to death on the streets. The thermometer registered I below aero •—the coldest of the year. OMMONOD OF MURDER. Chadek Sentenced at Havre, Moot, to IMfty Yean In Prison, Havre, Mont, Feb. 17.—The trial Iffcdlmer F, Chadek resulted in a verdict of guilty of murder in the sec ond degree. Judge Matthews pro nounced a sentence of thirty years. Chadek Shot and killed Adolph Schu der on January last, and by intimi dation Induced Schuder's son to say -that ha au not. Chadek did the shoot- S "J*" •uoc"®^ed in getting *he_wtf« ttie murdered man to ma*e a like statement Both mother and son later repudiated their state ments. EXPlOOtS fflff FOUOWS •ssyraafvjsa:*""' «*,••• $ "J 'i IS siy.ii '"••a" Blairsvlle, Pa.. FM. 17.—With a I- ^rd miles away, pi. the mixing house of the West Pann- "fiL S?£.w®r,?n*X.ta fcaown to Wen klUed and thers inrn with the -..ij of ST. Succumbs In Chicago HoaplUl While Father and Mother Are BwiWm to Her on nut Mn. Chicago, Feb. 17.—Miss Margaret Quayle, daughter of Bishop Quayle of St. Paul, died in a hospital here while her fathei* and mother were rushing to her on a fast train. The girl had been in a Chicago hos pital two weeks. Previous to that she was at Baltimore where she under went the radium treatment for can cer. She was being taken to her home when her condition became critical in Chicago, and pbysiolans ordered her to a hospital. WMMijM nam So Testify Before Hancock Congessional Committee— Probe Militia Feature. Hancock, Mich., Peb 17.—Another invitation for the state of Michigan to be represented at the congression al inquiry of the copper strike was extended by Chairman Taylor In a telegram to Governor Ferris, after the strikers had given notice that wit nesses would be introduced to show a "series of outrages committed by the militia and officers in command," while on strike duty. It is suggested by Allen F. Reese, of counsel for the mining companies, that the state officials should be notified if the investigation of the militia is undertaken Counsel for the strikers then announced that they would defer examination of their wit nesses regarding assaults alleged to have been committed by the militia. The attacks alleged to have been made on Btrlkers and their families by strikebreakers, imported guards ana deputy sheriffs, were described by strikers before the committee. Several women, wives of strikers, testified that they had been stoned bystrikebreakers These witnesses said they- were doing picket duty at the time. Over 600 There For Banquet —Burke and Lynch Reach the Conference City (Times Special.) Minot, N. D., Feb. 17.—Over 600 North Dakota democrats are gathered I nMinot today for the banquet to night, which formally opens the state campaign. United States Treasurer John Burke, former governor of North Da kota, reached Minot this noon, and will be the principal speaker. Frank B. Lynch of St. Paul also reached Minot today and will speak tonight. Among democrats today there was the report that 8. 3. Doyle of Carring ton had been recommended for Uni ted States marshal of North Dakota, to succeed James F. Shea, whose term expires tomorrow. It could not be confirmed at the hands of State Chairman D. H. McArthur, and other leading, democrats who are supposed to know about such things. E. H. Stenwick, chairman of the committee in charge of the banquet, expects over a thousand will attend. UNDER TONS OF SNOW. Over U,000 Shoveclrs Hard Work oh Gotham Drifts. New York, Feb. 17.—With i«,ooo shovelers and drivers working con stantly since Saturday morning, •earosly a dent had been made today In the mass of snow under which New Tork Is burled. In Manhattan, Brooklyn and the Bronx, there are too miles of streets oovered bv the snow removal sched ule and with every available man and team engaged In the work only about an inch a day can be romoved. Ac cording to the weather bureau 9.7 Inches of snow fell, which means that it will take about ten days unless it becomes warmer and a thaw assists in the work. HOBBUM TAKE HIS SAVINGS. $10,000 Obtained MiUedgevilie, Ga., Bind VIMUMD. MiUedgevilie. Ga., Feb. 17.-^-Rob bers got more than $10,000 In early yesterday when they bound and mcged a night watchman In the business place of C. S. Bonner here, and wrecked the strong box with three charges of nitroglycerine. Bon neivsays the loot was his savings of a life time. No clewa were left' SIR STUART SAMtTKJC/ FINED. Ixindon, Feb. 17.-H3ir Stuart Mon tague Samuel, radical-member of nar lhmeM for Whlteehapel, was ordered by Justice Sir Sydney Rowlatt of the king's bench division to pay penalties and costs amounting to 181,000 be cause he voted in the house of com mons while his firm had a contract with the British government The money will be paid to Dr. WlUiam Bird as. informer. 1HBS A6 HE FACHS Amnyr Of, nttBCis OMuty hi M—mt -V',: .* CMssbunr, 1L, Feb. 17.—nomas former oswitjr treasurer ef dM te A kaiptUI 1MM toiurigs.sustaiirtd when he f»»l When Marshall Was 'ff a Struggling Lawyer Thomas R. Mar»hall S5 Years Ago. Here Is a hitherto unpublished photograph of Thomas R. Marshall, vice president of the United States. It was taken twenty-five years ago in Columbia City, Ind., in which town Mr. Marshall was then a struggling young lawyer. The picture was only recently unearthed in 4 photogra pher's gallery in tha little Indiana town. .• ATLANTIC IS MUSHED Many Vessels, Bound From Europe to United States, Put Back to Port. LOSE RUDDERS IN TERRIBLE SEAS Owners of Trans-Atlantic lines Waicb Wireless Refporte, Fearing Possibil ity of Big Ufttaetropiu)—Four jnen Ixwe I4«h ,m Owe Cod. Queenstown, Feb. 17.—Such violent storms have occurred in the North Atlantic during the week that maiiy passenger steamers and cargo boats, have run for shelter to ports on this side of the Atlantic. Three large passenger steamers, bound for the United States, are re turning to Europe In a battered con dition. The French liner Niagara, which left Havre, February 7, for New York, lost its starboard propellor soon after getting out to sea and is now putting Trltonia, from Glasgow to Mobile, is returning after being out seven days. Her steering gear is carried away and her decks badly damaged. The big Dutch oil tanker, Rotter dam, when eight days out from Ams derdam, to New York, lost its rudder and was forced to make Queenstown In two steam trawls. 3IOLITANTS fTRK BIG GUN. Cannon Silent for Sixty Years Fright ens British Village. Blackburn, Bngland, Feb. 17.—Mili tant suffragettes yesterday fired a liuge cannon captured from the Rus- Smean lans in one of the battles of the Cri war, which for sixty years had stood silent as an ornament In the city park. The city was shaken by the ex plosion and people flocked into the streets in the darkness, fearing that a mine disaster had occurred. The. idea of the militants was to arouse the, cotton workers of the city to support their propaganda. AGALV SUSPENDS INCREASE. Interstate Commerce 4 Body Delays Eastern Roads Rate Raise. Washington, Feb. 17.—The pro posed 6 per cent freieht' advances by eastern railroads, suspended by the interstate commerce commission until March 15, pending investigation, were again sdspended by the commission today until September 12. The com mission today resumed formal hear ings. ofthtephotota Villa, tha Mexican rebel Ha la at the, head of his to O a a 4 1M JrttJs-?' y\- GRAND FORKS, N. D.^U J^tJESDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1914. -V'i Remarkabli^^mplicity Char acterizQB||iiheral of the Ji Senator Gedfj^i: MARSHAL'WORDS ONLY dN^S SPOKEN Outside of President Wi lean Servi end Many Noted sjxxtK—Most Im- Persona Pay prcsslvo ExenWte in Capitol,, Washington,, JSelj. 37.—Funeral ser vices for^ Senator," Bacon were held in the senate chamber this afternoon. There were ..speechf?s, no eulogy, no music, no floweaw^except the one de signed tribute pijj|the senate itself— which rented on tl|e coffin. The ceremonial were inspiring in their very simpllpUy, the place in which they werejifeld and the dignity of those asse'mblejlup do honor to the dead, lent sddddrjniprcssiveness, President* Attended. President Wilson and members ol the cabinet, chief just Ice, anij asso ciate justices 'of .'tHie .supreme court, members of the* 'diplomatic corps, members of. the house., admiral' of navy, chief staff of'the army, regents of the' Smithsonian institute were present. 'j The Episcopal burial services was pronounced by Bishop Alfred Harding and the benediction was by the chap lain of the senate.' Vice President Marshall presided. Relatives of the dead senator occupied seats on the floor. Take Body to (leorgla. Committees from the two houses of congress, relatives and friends of the dead senator accompanied the body to the railroad station and thence on ite trip to Atlanta, where it will lie -in state in the Qeorgia capitol before being taken to Macon for burial. Only Matrehall Spoke. Aiide from the burial services and prayer, the only Words spoken In the senate were thaw by Vice President Marshall, In openlfig and closing the ceremonies. In Opening, Marshall was very brief ana said: "Senators, the hiiur has arrived at which, in accordrty with the orders of the senate, thtp (Inn ceremonies over the body of.^ugustus Ocativius Bacon, late senate* from Georgia., an usually distinguished member of this body, are to Ije- observed. In- con t.mnlty customA1 our cwhmon of the s^hktK .Wil^off^npTpltty•tl^o^f}od the Father, Odd the Redeemer,'' ind (3od the Comforter/ MAKE- STUDY OF HEADACHES. New. York, Feh. 17.—-The Rocke feller institute may make a scientific study' of Mayor Mltchel's headaches with a view of determining their cause and preventing their recur rence. That possibility was admitted today by Henry Bruere, city cham berlain and Hie mayor's friend. He said he had suggested Buch a study to Dr. Simon Kloxner, head'of the Rockefeller Institute, and the doctor had replied that the sug gestion was an interesting one. The suggestion on the part of Mr. Bruere was due to the concern felt bv manv of the mnvnr'a frionria nv.r thai recurrent Iwadache/ suffered bv Mi* °,f "'e Mitchel"4 No suffldent «^lamaltion of i,pat their cause has b«en obtained. Boston ,Feb. 17CSsptaln Garva and four scauten of the Italian bark Castagana perished, and the drat mate and seven sailors were rescued when the vessel struck on the outer bar of Cape Cod earlv today. Seven seamen, all nearly unconscious from exposure, were brought ashore by life savers. The frozen corpses of Captain Garva and three sailors were left in the rigging, where the men had lashed themselves during the hours of darkness to avoid being carried over board by seas which swept completely over the decks. The Castagana, from Montevideo, en route for Itogton, with phos phate rock, struck the bar early this morning (luring a blinding snow storm in a sixty mile northwest gale. The beach patrol sighted her at' dawn SOO yards off shore, with the surf breaking over her and threatening to pound her to pieces. The combined Ufe saving crews from Vauset and Cahoons Hollow stations set up their beach gun and shot lines across the Castagana's deck, but the sailors were so benumbed they were unable to handle the breeches of the buoy tackle. Life savers, at a great risk, tftcn put out in lifeboats and pulled the Castagana against apparently impossible odds. The survivors were carried Into lifeboats and brought to the Marconi wireless station for medical attention. General Villa and His Troops in Action federals. Villa being otu of the a* In aetaal warfare. Ha gMisrally goes lnto"aotlon with Mr nan. n% a '4 Gladys McMillan, Who is to Wed Count Paul Cornet Gladys McMillan, a beautiful Colo rado girl, is to wed Count Paul Cornet of Brussels on February 20. Spencer Penrose and Mrs. Penrose, whose daughter she is, are now in London superintending arrangements for the wedding. Miss McMillan is heiress to a large fortune. She is now in London visiting her aunts. Lady Herrinpton and Mrs. Hugh McMillan of Paris. BLEACHED BONES Of PARJY FOWffl Mystery of Cromer Expedi tion's Disappearance is Cleared Up. New York. Feb. 17.—Members of the Besley expedition, which loft last summer to explore uncharted regions of South America, who returned today aboard the steamship Byron, report ed that they found the bones of mem bers of the Cromer expedition, who entered the wilds of Peru nearly two years ago, and were never heard from. The Cromer expedition was headed by W. H. Cromer, a former West Point cadet, and William H. Page, a Chicago high school teacher. The Besley expedition crossed the continent from Lima, came down the Amazon from its headwater to the •mouth-, lt-ereeted a crossVj.n-the-way •at a- point where they discovered the bones of the Cromer party. They also reported the discovery of a new Inca city in Peru, called Plat erinyaoc, and visited other regions hitherto unknown to white men. •MILLIONAIRE SUICIDES. American (iocs Crazy in England and Will Die. London, Feb. 17.—Lee. Bond, de mented automobilist of Lvnhurst, intimate |-Hampshire, who tried suicide in prison yesterday, is an American citi zen and reputed millionaire, his ras established today. Bond's condition is practically hopeless. HILL SATI8F1ED. Washington, Feb. 17.—James J. Iri" told hf & 1 -f-*v Chairman Adamson il"use amerce committee did no-« feP' that business need apprehensive of the administra tion's trust legislation program. Four Men Perish in Battle Against Sixty Mile Blizzard When Grounded at Cape Cod This ia dus, it la believed, to the training' ha racatvad In tha many year* he was a bandit. Then ha had to go with hls men., ..... 1 'V' HUST BE CONTENT WITH OUY MILLION DOLLARS! Ruler or Albania's Request Halved by! Powers—To Visit England and France. that a Berlin, Feb 17.—Prince William of Woid today departed on his way to I'OrinwOOU, Paris and London to pay respects to King George of England and Presi dent Polncare of France, before as- I suming the sovereignty of Albania. The formal tender of Albania to I Prince William probably will be made I only after his arrival at Durazxo, Al bania, by the assembly of Albanian notables. The prince will start his reign with only 1,000,000 of the $15.-' 1000,000 loan promised him by the powers to flnance his treasury. He had hoped to obtain an advance of' $-.000,000, but the powers halved mount, WISOfTS VETO AWAITS MEW President Opposed to Illiter acy Test in Burnett Im migration Bill. Washington, Feb. 17.—President Wilson's veto is waiting for the Bur nett immigration bill if it passes con gress, providing for the much dis cussed literacy test, according to the best information at the white house. lle_^avored Thousands of naturalised citizens Some of the guns will be mounted on steel coal cars. This scheme has been a favorite one in the revolutions for the laat three years and will be particularly valuable in about Tor reon where there is a web of tracks. Preparations of the medical staff, headed by Dr. Villareal, for the Im pending battle have been more thor ough, probably, than ever before In Mexico since the present series of revolutions began. Dr. Villareal has an adequate staff of surgeons under him and a trained corps of hospital stewards. A car completely equipped for surgical operations has been fit ted up, and other cars have been pro vided with bunks for the wounded, ant spectacle here Monday. GH CASE GOES TO JHIT TODAY Jtidge Clarke read the instructions to the Jury. The court instructed the jury to judge the evidence, the credibility of witnesses, both for the plaintiff and defendant. The judge referred to the alleged conspiracy against Gore. The jury was told that If there was a con spiracy, known to Mrs. Bond, and she was a party to it, she is not entitled to recover damages. ANOTHER HEARING. Supreme Court Grants Former Treas urer Bickford New Chance. Bismarck, K. D., Feb. 17.—There will be another hearing of the G. L. Bickford case, involving the feature of the constitutionality of the act un der which Bickford was convieted. The court order follows: In the case of the state of North Dakota, respondent, vs. George L. Bickford, appellant, and wherein on December 2 last .an order was filed in the supreme court affirming the judgment of the district court of Mc Lean county, and in which in regular hearing was filed by counsel for Mr. Bickford, on Monday afternoon the court tiled an. order in the following words: "It is now here considered and or dered that the petition be and the same is hereby denied in so far as the points presented and decided in the' trial court and upon the original ap peal and In the majority and dissent ing opinions are concerned. Since, however, on the petition for a re hearing, tha constitutionality at I i'iL- *4*' v,,£X' &&>*«• T^ jkl^UW»X. tfoa. .02 of inch II II II II II II II II II II II I EIGHT PAGES—PRICE FIVE CENTS ACCEPT THREE JURORS RAPID PROGRESS tha statute under which the defendant was triad and convicted baa been raised and thl« point has not before been presented, briefed or arguad, a hearing on this aeW question is grant ed: and satd oause will stand for ar gument onthe constitutionality ef said statute at the Marcfc. A. D. 1»14, of tMa court." wmmm Inkster and Grand Forks Men Made Eligible for Service NO PLEA ENTERED BY DEFENDANT That Feature Had Been Taken OmtT of at I^angdon, Where Alleged Wife Murderer Wa« Originally Arraigned —Line of Questioning. •Iitrof? accepted lit Holum eaaa: D. Spoonheiin. KorOiwood. otto Gothberg, Grand Ftorka. Otto Kohler, Inkster. Audrew Wail, Loretla. four jurors had been selected for the trial of Matt Holum of Milton, charged with the murder of his wife, up to 3 o'clock today. Each man before being mlectod wo# gtven a thorough cross-examination by the attorneys for both the state, and the defense. Only one man was excused for cause during the morn ing session, however, and neither side used any of its pre-emptory chal lenges. The case was opened at 10 o'clock this morning. Holum was brought In to the court by Sheriff Joseph Benson, few moment* before that hour, and given a seat at the attorney's table. Definite news of the president's op position to the test came as a surprise to many who were led to believe thai I He appeared perfectly calm,'and Tis- teno-U to the proceedings with inter- The senate immigration committee est. announced it would go ahead with the The parents of the accused man bill, keeping the literacy test its' were not In court as has been expect place. 0j^ Haj throughout the country have been! Already Pleaded, campaigning against the bill, which cu caused Taft to veto the same bill one ?nerJBonBon. and as Holum had en year before he left office. REVIEW OF VILLA'S CORPS. Spectacle at Parade of Field Pieces Proves Brilliant One. Chihuahua, Mex.. Feb. 17.—A re view of the artillery corps with its fifty field pieces and rapid fire-guns. with which General Villa expects to accomplish ..aiuch against the ItotttiU.: „,lvl army at Toneon, presented. brllli- were also accepted onl chaAts^la Vaxm I mini- '. A. ant spectacle here today. The parade ground was thronged with visitors. Bands played and the people cheered for Carranza, for Villa and for the "martyred" Madero. The guns will be loaded on trains tomorrow and will be sent south by Tuesday night or Wednesday morn ing, under immediate command of Colonel Servin. According to Colonel Servin's latest information he is su perior to the federals in artillery which at first will be used to shell the out-works in the hills south and ""ding west of Torreon. ^ourt was declared open by tered his plea of "not guilty" when the case was originally taken up at Langdon, the work of selecting the jury commenced immediately. J. B. Spoonheim of Xorthwood, a painter by trade was the first man called, and after being questioned for twenty minutes was accepted by both sides. He will be the foreman of the •j«ry. Otto Oothberg of Grand Porks, blacksmith tn'id Otto Kohler of Inks George'OlSdn or Grand Forks was cxcused for cause, having already formed a definite, opinion in the case. Andrew Wall of Loretta township was added to the list of accepted jurors this afternoon, after B. B. verson of Lakeville had been elimin ated by a peremptory challenge bv the defense. The questions for the state were asked by Attorney General Andrew Miller, who, with the other attorneys in the prosecution made an impressive array. J. B. Winenian of this city is aiding the state In the selection of the jury. E. R. Sinkler of Minot. the prison er's only counsel, also kept up a steady Are of examination. Plan of Defense. The line of defense which will be adopted in the case seemed to be clearly indicated in some of the ques tions asked by Mr. sinkler. Each prospective Juror was questioned as to his familiarity with horses, wheth er he had ever been Injured by one. and whether any of his immediate family had ever met death in an ac cident. The jurors were examined by the state as to their feelings with regard to capitol punishment, any previous I opinions they might have formed In regard to the case, etc. Under the ruling made by Judge Kneeshaw the jurors are being e* I amined one at a time, and each must be accepted or challenged by the op I posing sides at the time of his exam I lnation. The state law provides that the I prosecution may have ten pre-emp I tory challenges, and the defense twenty. In the case of each Juror. Oklahoma City, Okla., Peb. IT.— the state must exercise, or decline to The case of Mrs. Minnie Bond, who exercise this right before the defense is suing United States Senator Gore of Oklahoma for 150,000 damages as a result of the alleged attack on her in a Washington hotel, reached the jury stage. It is expected the case will be given to the jury late today. Is called upon to decide definitely in the matter, according to Judge Knee shaw's ruling. Twenty of Panel Excused. Previous to the opening of the ex amination. Attorney General Miller, at the request of Judge Kneeahaw. briefly informed the prospective Jur ors present of the general nature of the case which they were to try. Out of the forty men originally em pannelled, twenty had already been excused when the court convened thl morning. At the present rata, how ever, it is thought that it will be pos sible to complete the Jury without empanneling any more veniremen. The court room was packed to ca pacity. LIFE SAFE ITT CELL. Mexican General Guarded to Enemies Faking Escape. EI Paso, Feb. 17.General Josi Ynes Salasar, the most carefull guarded Mexican prisoner at Fort Bliss, has been locked up in the post guard house at his own request, and assigned to a cell. He made the re quest yesterday. Guards have been under orders to shoot him if an attempt at reaeue is made by his fnencs, and the general feared his enemies might take advan tage of the order and make a false demonstration to-mislead the guards J°f 7.1" Word has been received that Maximo Castillo, the bandit had been the Lag Palomas ranch, Mcistoe. Stanley, Me dHacr for ad the (known fcstfcei for •v' *t'( .lis 31 on 4" H. J. WOULD EFT ROW NOMMTKMfNJH *. D. IM.