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HUNS DEMANDS RETURN
TO ORIGINAL AGREEMENTS Allege Wilson'« Fourteen Points Are Ignored in Shaping Conditions— Would Concede Little. Paris, June 16.—The German reply to the peace treaty submitted at Ver sailles May 7, maintains that the ene mies of Germany have forsaken the peace of justice to which they had pledged themselves in the armistice negotiations for a peace of might. The reply, an official summary of which was made public yesterday, pro tests against the proposed terms in dividually and collectively, and de mands a return to the original agree ments. It presses for verbal nego tiations and states that Germany ex pects justice on a basis of equality and reciprocity. The reply follows the lines of the summary of the German counter pro posals given out in Berlin at about the time they were presented. The document covers 119 pages and includes a covering letter by Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau under date of May 29, which has been published and a second section of comments follow ing the main outline of the original draft treaty. Two separate papers on legal and financial questions are in cluded as part of the general reply. Both English and French translations have been furnished in pamphlet form, the former totalling about 60,000 words. The reply begins with a detailed an alysis of the legal basis of peace, al leges a flagrant series of contradic tions to this basis and points out that the results would be the complete en slavement of the German people and the betrayal of all the world's cher ished hopes of peace. Demands Place in League. In the counter proposals Germany demands immediate admission to the league of nations and part of the spir it of the armistice agreement and as necessary for the acceptance of the proposed military, naval and air terms. She then analyses the territorial changes demanded, claiming that the right of self-determination has been wilfully violated throughout. Germany assails the abolition of all German rights outside of Europe as irréconciliable with the preliminary negotiations and as wolly impossible to a great people, who not only have supreme needs for markets and sup plies, but who have shown themselves capable of sharing the world's task of colonization. Oppose Reparation Plan. Germany is unable to accept the reparations commission set up by the allies involving an enfringement of her sovereignty but proposes a co-op erative German commission to work alongside it. She accepts responsibil ity only for civilian losses in occupied Belgium and France and agrees to maximum payments of one hundred billion marks, provided the other terms as to colonies, overseas trade and ter ritories are accepted as she proposes. As to deliveries of ships, raw ma terials and machinery, Germany can meet the allied claims only in part, largely because of decreased produc tion. Wants Treatment as Equal. Germany demands that in the eco nomic provisions she be treated on a basis of equality and reciprocity and not in the one sided way outlined. She agrees to freedom of traffic on Ger man rivers and within Germany, but always on condition that there be no interference with German sovereignty. Similarly with the renewal of treat ies lapsed through the war, she ex pects reciprocal treatment, rather than the assumption by the allies of the right to say what engagements are or are not to become operative. The Germans refuse to accept the trial of the former German emperor, or to sanction his extradition from Holland on the ground that no Ger man subject can be brought before a foreign court without an established law or legal basis. Similarly she can not agree to extradite other subjects accused of violation of the laws and customs of war. Instead, Germany proposes an inter national court of neutrals to judge the fact of crime, the punishment to remain with the national courts. Labor Clause Unsatisfactory. The labor clauses are not satisfac tory to Germany and as a result she again proposes an international con ference to examine the allied and as sociated proposals, the German pro posals and the Berne resolutions. A bitter protest is entered against the occupation of the Rhine provinces and the demand made that all allied troops be withdrawn within six months after peace. The occupation as pro posed, it is contended, would break up German economic life and allow the prejudicing of German interests in fa vor of France and Belgium. The summary makes no attempt to criticize any statements of facts or figures made in the reply, inasmuch as the German delegation alone is re sponsible for them. It is stated that many of them, especially as to the eastern frontier, are disputable, if not absolutely incorrect. Under the heading "the legal basis of peace," the German delegation re capitulates the interchange of com munications with President Wilson be tween October 1, 1918, and the armis tice, November 11. As a result of these they consider that Germany, as a basis of peace, has expressly accepted President Wilson's 14 points and nothing else. Acceptance of the terms of the ar mistice, it is declared, was to be evi dence of the honest acceptance of these conditions by Germany. It is contended that the allies also accepted President Wilson's 14 points and that therefore a solemn agree ment between the two contracting par ties. The practical applications of these principles must be negotiated upon, the reply says, and Germany as serts her right to a discussion. Points Alleged Contradiction. Chapter two deals with the alleged contradiction between the draft of the treaty and the agreed basis of peace. Various allied statesmen are cited as having declared that the war was not against the German people but against an imperialistic and irresponsible gov ernment. It is argued in the reply that the allied powers now are dealing with German people, ruling its own future for itself, a fact which has been utterly disregarded in the draft treaty. Argument is presented against the separation of purely German territory from the empire and against the iso lation of East Prussia and making Danzig a free city. As to the league of nations, Ger many, the reply says, had repeatedly been promised that the league of na tions would unite the belligerents, con querors as well as conquered, to secure the world against further disasters. But the status of the league has been established without German help, and Germany is not even invited to join the league. Self Determination Ignored. The right of self determination of nations has been proclaimed, says the reply, by President Wilson, Mr. As quith, Mr. Churchill, Lord Grey, Sig nor Orlando and Premier Lloyd George, but the treatment of the in habitants of the Sarre region and of the district of Eupen, Malmedy and Moresnet does not comply with such a solemn recognition of this right. The same, it is added, is true with regard to Alsace-Lorraine, the cession of which, without consulting the popula tion would constitute a new wrong. The third chapter deals with pos sible results of the treaty as drafted. The Germans claim it involves the de struction of German economic life. Germany's creditors could not obtain the immense sums required from a pauperized country. The elimination of Germany from the world's trade might get rid of a troublesome com petitor, but the world, already im poverished by the war, would become infinitely poorer. The world now requires an interna tional community of labor, it is ar gued, to which Germany agrees. But the proposed treaty is merely a cele bration of the last triumph of imper ialist and capitalist tendencies. The delegates appeal to the innate right of men and nations. The proposed treaty is characterized as incompat ible with respect for this innate right. In the resolve, however, to fulfill the obligations Germany makes certain counter proposals. Calling attention to the fact that Germany has submitted her own pro posals for a league of nations, the German delegates agree to negotiate on the basis of the allied proposals if Germany is admitted on equal terms, as soon as peace has been signed. This is on condition that clauses are insert ed guaranteeing equality in trade con ditions, freedom from external inter ference, and the prevention of eco nomic warfare and exclusion by boy cott. Germany agrees to the basic idea regarding army, navy and air regula tions, and especially the abolition of compulsory military service, if this is the beginning of a general reduc tion of armaments and abandonment of compulsory military çervice. A period of transition must be allowed during which Germany may retain such for ces are urged eorgetwmlti-cebG ces are required to preserve internal order before reducing her army to the 100,000 limit. On condition that Ger many enters the league at once she agrees to dismantle the fortresses in the west, and establish a neutral zone. But no special supervision of the pro cess of disarmament, except that of the league, can be admitted, and an extension of time must be granted after discussion on the basis of equal ity. Oral negotiations to settle details with respect to the surrender of war ships and aviation measures are pro posed. Much space is devoted to territorial questions. Particular attention is paid to the Sarre district v/ith its important coal mines. The population of this district, it is asserted, has been at tached to Germany for more than a thousand years, and the people today; are as German as they were a hun dred years ago. The separation of the Sarre district, the Germans say, is to compensate France for coal destroyed in the north. But, it is contended, such a question can only be settled on an economic basis, not by tearing away a national undisputed territory and de grading the league of nations by in volving it in the transaction. The German government declines to make any reparation in the form of punishment, and declines to pass on to individual parts of the population the punishment intended for the whole community. The annexation of the Sarre district to France would mean the creation of another Alsace-Lor raine, Germany claims, and spys the whole question must be reconsidered. Still insisting that for the greater part, Alsace-Lorraine is German, the Germans admit that according to pres ent conceptions of right an injustice wag committed in 1871, when the peo ple wer« not consulted. Germany, therefore has pronounced ETAOINN therefore has promised reparation, but it would be no reparation to cede Al sace-Lorraine, with its immensely in creased economic wealth, to France at once. A vote must be taken, allowing a choice between union with France, union with Germany, or a free state and complete independence. Independent Poland. Germany has agreed to an inde pendent Polish state, but the terms of the treaty include in it a number of totally German tracts of land for military or economic reasons, without regard to nationality or history, has contended. This particularly applies to upper Silesia, and strong protest is entered. Germany cannot consent to the sev erance of East Prussia from the Ger man empire. Germany is. ready to cede to Poland such West Prussian ter ritories as are indisputably Polish. It is demanded that Danzig remain with the German empire, but Germany is ready to make Memel, but Germany is ready to make Memel, Königsberg and Danzig free ports in order to se cure Poland the promised access to the sea, and tp grant special transit facilities Under specified conditions reciprocally applied. CATTLE BLOATING CAUSED BY EATING STOLEN GREENS With the approach of the season at which bloating of cattle frequently oc curs, the bureau of animal industry of the United States department of agriculture calls attention to the prin cipal causes of the trouble and also the means by which it may be avoid ed. Many a cow has come to an un timely end because she become dissat isfied with the scanty feed to be had from the closely crop-fed pasture, broke down a fence that surrounded a more luxuriant growth, and stuffed herself with the luscious stolen greens, until she lost all desire for even an other mouthful. Soon her troubles begin. Fermen tation develops in the mass of corn or clover, and gas forms that fills the first stomach of the cow to its utmost capacity. The danger to the animal from acute bloating is not that the distended stomach may rupture, for such an ac cident is almost unknown. The pres sure of the gas-distended stomach, however, exerts a dangerous pressure upon the heart and lungs, with the re sult that anmilas dying from acute bloating usually die of strangulation through inability to breathe with their compressed lung tissue. The stock owner should guard against the bloating of his cattle by every precaution at his command. Clover or other green vegetation, if eaten when wet by dew or rain, seem to be especially liable to ferment be fore leaving the first stomach of the animal that has fed upon them. Eat ing excessive amounts of middlings or corn meal will also cause bloating. It also occurs in cattle as a result of becoming choked. The principal cause, however, is overeating succu lent green forage, such as clover, green corn or cabbage. Change Feed Gradually. To prevent bloating in cattle, the animals should be shifted by easy sta ges from dry or scanty feed to abun dant and luxuriatnly growing fodder. They may be allowed to feed from the good forage for only three-quarters of an hour on the first day they are given access to such grazing. A full hour may be allowed on the second day, and by continued slow steps and gradually lengthened stay in the temp ting feed, the danger of loss from bloating will be largely overcome. But in case the first evidence of a too protracted stay in the heavy growth of forage should be that the owner notices one of his animals with sides distended, and perhaps even lift ed above the level of the backbone, he must act quickly. Removal of the gas from the paunch will quickly bring relief. If a veterinarian is with in reach he should be summoned at once. If no surgeon is available the owner should immediately attempt to bring relief to his animal. Many cattle owners keep a trocar and canula constantly on hand and thoroughly understand its use. The trocar is a sharp-pointed rod provid ed with a metallic sheath or canula which leaves the point of the trocar exposed. The spot to be selected for inserting the trocar is a point equal ly distant from the last rib, the hip bone, and the lateral bony projections from the spine in the region of the loins. Here a small cut about three fourth of an inch long with a small knife, and then the trocar with canula attach may be pushed through the cut into the paunch. The trocar is then removed, allowing the gas to escape through the canula. The canula should be retained in place so long as any gas escapes through it. Sometimes several hours are necessary, and the canula should be firmly tied in place. An attendant should remain near the animal, if possible, so long as the canula is in the paunch. If the animal is not distressed by the bloating and the swelling of the body is not great, or when the alarm ing conditions have been removed by the use of the trocar, it is best to re sort to internal medicine to allay the formation of gas. Two ounces of ar omatic spirits of ammonia in 2 quarts of cold water should be given every half hour, or half an ounce of chlor ide of lime dissoly^ -; h a p j nt 0 f tep . id water may be given every half hour until the pressure of the bloating has been removed. A dose of purgative medicine is usually beneficial after the bloating has disappeared. For this purpose 1 pound of Glauber 's salts will usually prove effective. WRITER PAYS TRIBUTE TO ARMY MULES Faithful Animals Haul Wagons out Mud When Heavy Draft Horses Fall Down on the Job. of Mules figured as the villains of countless stories. Their stubborn ness, friskiness, artfulness, malice aforethought and original sin have provided material for the comic papers throughout the war. And well they might! But now with the coming of peace, mules, like so many of us, are being demobilized and going back to civil life, and a tribute may perhaps be allowed from one who first met them in ignorance not unmixed with apprehension, but who ended by ad miring and even loving them. That, I think, is the history of many of us who have had to deal with mules, says a writer in the Christian Science Monitor. I well remember the day we got our first draft. Fifty mules arrived late one summer evening, and we stood round and looked at them helplessly, and decided which we would try to avoid when the time came for sharing them out among the sections. The general idea was to regard them as "beastly donkeys" and to bemoan our fate in having to work with mules in stead of horses. Before long, however, we discovered how to get on with Won't Be Bullied. Mules, like other creatures, won't be bullied, and there you have the se cret in a nutshell. We soon found that the great majority could be coaxed when they would not be driven, and would answer to their driver's voice when whip and spur were useless. We got our reward one day when a forage wagon was found helplessly stuck in the mud. The heavy draft horses were taken out and our mules trium phantly hauled the wagon on to good ground again much to our delight and to the chagrin of the driver of the horses. Mules like time in which to think things over; they prefer to take no thing new on trust, and they have a good look at a strange place before committing themselves to it. I think most of our mules had lived all their lives in the open, or else they had forgotten what stables were like; for the trouble there was when we moved into barracks and they were asked to go into their stables for the first timef There was so much peeping through the door, trying to dodge back when once you were in, pretending it was impossible to stand on the stone floor, and starting a quarrel with your neighbor once you were settled down. Half the display, I am sure, was pure devilment, for mules have a sense of humor all their own. Patience and quiet handling got them in at last. Their ingenuity is marvelous. The way in which some of them could un do their head collar chains was extra ordinary. We used to go down the lines and make sure that every chain was securely fastened, and half an hour later two or three mules would be loose, grazing on forbidden ground or robbing the forage pile. Another favorite trick was getting under the bars of the temporary stables we oc cupied at one time, and frolicking around the barracks. I once watched a big mule stretch himself out and out until he could get under a bar that could not have been more than three feet six inches from the ground. You would have thought it was some hugh cat rather than a mule. We had a great time when we went overseas. Entraining and detraining went smoothly for the most part, and at the port the mules went obediently up the steep ramp into the ship, till an unwise veterinary officer tried to encourage one with a stick. That, of course, was just the excuse they were wanting to make a fuss, and some of them certainly took advantage of it. When the time for disembarking came we led the first few off, and then turned the rest loose in the ship, and they quietly followed their leader down to the quay. Then what a roll ing and capering started, for mules love a roll better than anything and seem to find great refreshment in it. At home we made them a special sand bath, and a ten minutes' roll after the day's work was a part of the regular routine. Most of them naturally acquired names, and here appeared a woeful lack of originality. Any mule who tended to show his independence by an occasional buck was at once chris tened Broncho—just as in the army all Walkers are nicknamed "Hoohy" and all Clarkes "Nobby." We had, too, several Jacks, Tommies and Jen nies. Tim and Toser were a beautiful pair of quaint small mules with skins like satin, and were usually among the favorites for the prize that was periodically given for the best kept pair in the company. Then there was Old Nellie Wallace, why so called I never knew, hut the name seemed odd ly appropriate to an elderly gray-fac ed lady, who never did anything wrong, or anything very right. The acme of unoriginality was reached in naming a pair Bill and Billy, respect ively! One laughs to think of all the pranks thc*y played; how they ate one another's rug during cold nights; how at one place in England one or two managed to break loose every night in spite of all we could do, trespassing on a neighboring tannit InWii; how they used to fight and kick each other over their food on the lines; and how some had an absolutely uncanny knack Of breaking away at watering time, eluding every effort at capture till they were tired of the game. One recalls with tender memories 1 m yfti b m m h .,i '• t ni' • I H,, vi M iVt D pm Wm É w f ml' iff mm Mm&m i î iV m m 9 m mm Copyright 111» by R. J. Remold! 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TRUSCOTT DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE and FARN MACHINERY Agent in Valley and Phillips Counties for Built For The Man Who Wants Good Machinery WIDE DRIVE DRUM # f Lutum v TrKctor tv m m *V> Wi -a* m* v. MK mi Glasgow Mont. Attention Nr. Land Owner During the year 1919 I will give special attention to the selling of land; have made arrangements with eastern and western agents for the handling of land and am in position to sell your land providing I can list it at the right price. I would like to list sev eral half sections together if possible, and would like to list 10,000 to 15,000 acres right away. If you want to sell, come in and give me your price, as I wish to get the movement started. SIDNEY J. RUNDLE, President Rundle Land & Abstract Co. 4 I the gallant work done in heat or bliz zard, of difficult mules who became willing workers, of timid ones whe grew qiiiet and trusting, of lazy ones who turned and pulled their weight. Mules are very human after all. .