Newspaper Page Text
AGAINST GOV. CONTROL Based on Experience with Govern ment Control During the War— Too Much Politics. Washington, August 18.—Business sentiment in the United States is un animous that the government owner ship of railroads must not prevail. Charles A. Post, chairman of the rail road committee of the United States chamber of commerce, told the house interstate commerce committee today. Sentiment as shown by tests made by the chamber is strongly, even over whelmingly against proposals of the kind, he declared, because of the ex perience with government operation during the war. Other reasons against it, he continued, were heavy costs, and the necessity thereafter of financing government extensions through con gressional appropriations with conse quent subjection of political influence. "The opinion of the national cham ber," Mr. Post said, "is that unless the government adopted the policy of fixing low rates and fares with the intention that any resulting deficit from operation should be placed as an increased burden of taxes upon the general public, rates and fares would be higher under government than un der private operation." Likewise, the organization of rail road employes might easily exercise a controlling influence upon national pol itics, he said. Constructive proposals in relation to the railroad situation, Mr. Post ar gued, called for return of the lines to private ownership and management, with consolidation of the numerous lines now existing into a limited num ber of strong competing systems. Such groups, he said, should be built up by enlarging the present large systems, and not by combining roads on a geo graphical basis. Federal incorpora tion for these roads, with a federal transportation board to control them, and stronger interstate commerce com mission powers to regulate rates and sen-ice, as proposed by the national transportation conference, he said, had been indorsed by vote of the cham ber's membership. MILLION DOLLARS SPENT IN FIGHTING FOREST FIRES Missoula, August 16.—A million dol lars have been suent this season for fighting fires in northern Idaho and Montana, according to figures an nounced here today, by Assistant Dis trict Forester Glen A. Smith, in charge of fire fighting. The forest service acreage burned over is 382,321 acres, of which the greater part is located in the Lolo forest, while the Selway, Clearwater and Nez Perce are close behind. In the Lolo forest, which in cludes that section of the Couer d' Alene valley located in Montana, 65, 714 acres have been burned over up to the time the report was filed at district headquarters. In the Missou la forest, 32,782 acres have been burn ed over and in the Bitter Root, 15, 000 acres. The acreage burned ove# in the Selway and Clearwater forest was approximately the same as in the Lolo when the report was received, but it has been increased considerably during the past few days. . During the first ten days of Aug ust, 379 new fires were reported in the district, according to the record. The total number of fires this sea son up to date has been 1,472. There are now 129 dangerous fires burning, mostly in the Coeur d'Alene. Reports from Selway and Nez Perce forests in Idaho and the Bitter Root forests in western Montana indicate to district headquarters officials that the fire situation is growing more dangerous. Crown fires which developed in the Selway forest are sweeping along the Rockaway branch of the Clearwater river for 40 miles. Confirmation of the loss of 130 head of sheep in the Gospel creek fire on the Nez Perce forest comes from Chas. Dinhead of Lewiston, Idaho, owner of the herd. Both the Gospel and Mallard creek fires are worse. The Nez Perce forest has 25 fires covering 17,000 acres. Many new fires have sprung up in Popular Fiction BOOKS Come in and pick out what you want---we have them all. Hall Drug Co. the Powell country, across the moun tains from Lolo Hot Springs, while conditions in the Salmon mountain country are unusually serious. Other new fires are burning on Petty creek and Graves creek the origin of which officials are unable to explain. It is suspected incendiarism have had some thing to do with the repeated new blazes. Supervisor Parker of the Missoula forest today was making plans for ! sending crews to the south fork of the 1 Flathead where two new blazes are spreading rapidly. The Lolo forest reported two new firest yesterday. One is on Eades creek while the other is located on Owl creek. The Missoula forest has a fire in the Spread mountain region near Ovando. Twenty men will be sent to it tomorrow. The supervisor of the Missoula forest is making ar rangements for the sending of crews in on the south fork of the Flathead forest, „where new fires are ^spreading rapidly, one on Calf creek, the other on Clooth creek. The Kooskia forest has several new lightning fires, as a result of thunder storms during the week. The Cool creek fire there is especially danger ous, although it has burned over 300 acres. The Big creek blaze is still spreading but at the present time is not burning any valuable timber. GERMAN POLICEMEN FORMED INTO ARMY Coblenz, August 18.—Militarization of German police, contrary to the terms of the treaty of peace, has al ready begun, according to information reaching American authorities. In the city of Cassel the police recently were completely organized along military lines by the Prussian government, it is said, and are now equipped with steel helmets and rifles and follow the routine of the military in their barracks. The ultimate size of the new mili tarized police organization has not been announced. Americans studying the reorganization of the German ar my say that the significance of mili tarizing police in Germany is great. American officers have records of an announcement that the Prussian state government, quite apart from the national government, was to or ganize a "Schutzmannschaft," or state police force, which would be virtually military units in garrisons with full infantry equipment but would be un der control of the minister of the in terior and used only for the repres sion of internal disorders. These troops, according to the plan, were to be in excess of the army permitted Germany under the terms of the peace treaty. A semi-official announcement states that it is appreciated that these troops are not permitted under the the terms of the peace treaty, but the hope is expressed that the allies will be "rea sonable" and permit their organiza tion. BIDS BEING CALLED FOR ON RECLAMATION WORK Sealed proposals will be received by the United States reclamation service at Malta, Montana, until 2 o'clock p. m., August 29, 1919, and will at that hour be opened, for the construction of N. S. 116-2 lateral, about Sta. 0 to Sta 314, comprising about 64,000 cubic yards of excavation, Milk River project. Bonds will not be required if contractors agree to perform the work with their personal labor and equipment, but bond will be required under any contract where the work is to be performed wholly or partially with hird labor or equipment. The work is located about five miles north west of Hinsdale. This work is divid ed into sixteen schedules. For further particulars address U. S. Reclamation Service, Malta, Mon tana, care Geo. E. Stratton, project manager. NEW YORK CAR STRIKE OFF. New York, August 19.—The strike that has for two days paralyzed the elevated system and the Interbor ough Rapid Transit company system and Queens was called off today by a vote of the strikers to accept the compromise offered at a conference of the state officials. The men will receive an increase of 25 per cent and their demand for an additional 25 per cent will be submitted to arbi tration. GREAT FALLS 60Y BRINGS HOME VALUABLE TROPHY Buys Fiddle in Coblenz for $96 Es timated to Be Worth About $2000.00. Great Falls, August 19.—Perhaps the most valuable and at any rate the most interesting war trophy brought from Germany is that of A. T. Hans corn, returned soldier, w ; ho brought wjth him a violin that is one of the brought to Great Falls, according to finest instruments that has ever been L. P. Dougall of the Great Falls Pi ano Repair ship who was called upon to repair the instrument. The age of the instrument is not known, but that it is very old is at tested by the fact that the wood of the instrument had been worn as thin as an egg shell, in places where it was handled in playing. It was built by August Kreiter, a German violin maker, and was last repaired at Mit tlewald, in 1891, that date appearing inside the ease. The instrument was purchased by Hanscom for about $96 in American money in Coblenz, Germany. The in strument is also unusual in appear ance, bearing the royal coat of arms of the kaiser, hand carved in the wood and so perfectly beveled that it does not effect the tone. He was told that the instrument once belong ed to the kaiser's household. The in strument has a wonderful tone qual ity, especially in the lower register. It is so sensitive to tone that it vi brates heavily from a voice. After he had secured his prize, with out knowing its value, Hanscom car ried it in a sack to Ostend, and the heat cracked it open. When he re repair shop, and there learned that turned home, he took it to the local he has an instrument worth fully $2000, according to Dougall. The case in which the instrument was carried is duly inscribed, the violin having served to entertain the boys in camp, so it has one gold service stripe paint ed on the leather case; also the insig nia of the 348th field artillery of which Hanscom was a member, the insignia of the six-inch French gun on which Hanscom worked—"Win 'Em Cof." the name of the outfit, also the Ninety first division insignia and a separate insignia of the 166th artillery brigade, and a figure seven, indicating the sev enth army corps. Hanscom and his brother, E. M. Hanscom, went through the war to gether, both coming home uninjui-ed. They enlisted on September 20, 1917, went overseas in the following' April, and returned home to be discharged on Januaryl 15, 1919. GOVERNMENT PLANS AID FOR DISABLED MEN Washington, D. C.—Because of the failure of thousands of soldiers, crip pled by the war, fully to understand their rights, particularly that involv ing re-education at government ex pense in callings suitable to their dis ability, Colonel Arthur Woods, assist ant to the secretary of war, described some of the things the government is doing to enable men disabled in the line of duty to re-establish themselves in civil life. All disabled service men are entitled to assistance, no matter whei-e they were injured. The government agency in this work is the federal board of vocation al education, which was charged by congress with the "vocational training of disabled soldiers and the placement of rehabilitate persons in suitable and gainful occupations" after discharge from the army. "In some large cities crippled men in uniforms are seen on the streets 'panhandling' kindly disposed per sons," said Colonel Woods. "In near ly every case these men are plain, or dinary fakers in the guise of soldiers who have taken this method of enlist ing unmerited sympathy. No man dis abled in the service need engage in any sort of holdup game on the streets. Any one seeing a man in uniform so engaged should inform him of pro vision made for him by the govern ment. If a man, after being so in formed, continues his game, a favor will be done the great body of self respecting disabled men who are try ing to do something for themselves if the case is reported to the nearest branch office of the board for voca tional education." Colonel Woods asked that all dis abled service men get into communica tion with the branch office of the board for vocational education in their district, and that there might be no doubt as to where these offices are he gave out a list which shows that men in Washington, Montana, Idaho and Oregon should write to room 589 Central building, Seattle. "While in training," said Colonel Woods, "a man receives an amount equal at least to the base pay during his last month's service in the army, navy or marine corps, but in no cas» does he receive less than 65 a month if he is a single man or less than $75 a month if living with his dependents, or less than $65 a month for himself if living apart from his dependents in addition to allowances to his de pendents, if he is a married man and living apart from his wife during the period of training. In all cases the wife receives $15 and each minor child $10 a month. These payments are made to enable the man to support himself while in training, and are in lieu of subsistence. "If a man who served as a private at $30 a month wishes to take train ing, waiving claim to subsistence, clothing, etc., he will, if single or liv ing apart from his dependents during training, be allowed ami additional $35 a month by the board, thus bringing his income up to the minimum of $65 a month. Should he h;r l'een a non commissioned officer during his last month's service, and hav>- received as high as $81 a month, h< will then con tinue to receive such pay. It will not be necessary in this c;i-' for the fed eral board to allow him ything addi tional. "In the case of officers no allow ance will be forthcomi : . from the board. Men who have een blinded in battle, or who have ; both arms or legs, or, who, as n suit of in juries incurred, are pt inently and totally disabled, come n ier a special provision which allow- 'hem $100 a month additional. "Many crippled soldiers were dis charged without being told of the pro visions made for them because the machinery to reach them was not then in effect. Any person coming in con tact with such men will be doing a patriotic duty by directing them eith er to write to the federal board at Washington or-to one if the board's 14 branch offices. "It is important thai the disabled man shall be made to realize the ad vantage of taking training to insure his future welfare. At present many patriotic employers of labor are will ing to take on disabled men whether they can perform their duties or not. But in a few years the work of the really efficient man will tell, and he will be one who will get ahead. For this reason the board is doing every thing it can to train and equip the disabled man immediately upon his discharge, so that he will be compe tent in whatever line he elects to fol low. "If ope course should prove unsat isfactory or not suited for the partic ular disability of the person under- 1 going training, another course will be offered, for the work of the govern ment does not cease until the man is permanentlyy placed in a suitable and remunerative position. "Men who have lost a limb in the line of duty should understand that the government through the war de partment and the war risk insurance bureau must supply them with artifi cial limbs and appliances. When a man is discharged from the hospital he receives a limb which is temporary only, and later on a permanent, first class artificial limb is furnished. This is not a charity, but an obligation of the government toward this class of disabled. SEEKS PREVENTION OF ANOTHER FLU EPIDEMIC Washington, D. C.—In order to pre sent a recurrence of the epidemic of influenza which caused 550,000 deaths in the United States, Representative Simeon D. Fees of Ohio, has urged upon the house an appropriation of $1,500,000 to the public health ser vice for investigation of the causes of the disease and the methods of its prevention. In his resolution, which has the en dorsement of the American Medical Association, Dr. Fees narrates that a large proportion of the great num ber of deaths were produced by pneu monia and other complications, that influenza, pneumonia and allied dis eases now cause approximately one tenth of all deaths in this country, that medical science is not yet in pos session of complete data as to the cause, modes of transmission, preven tion and cure of influenza, and that therefore the possession of this knowl edge is of grave social and economic concern to the nation. It is therefore urged that to enable the public health service to discov er the causes and prevent the spread of the disease, and for allotment of sums to universities, colleges and oth er research institutions, as in the judgment of the secretary of the treasury are qualified for research work that a million and a half be ap propriated by congress. It is also urged that the medical departments of the army and navy join in the search for methods of prevention. "There is no doubt," said Dr. Fees, "but that this malady will again come upon us. If the experience of the series of maladies that have overrun our country be duplicated, as I fear they will be, we may expect terrific results in the next year or two from the influenza. They tell me there is no antitoxin that has yet been discov ered to combat it. Dr. Pfeiffer thought he had discovered that it was due to what was called the influenza bacillus. That theory has been abandoned by the medical world, which today is much concerned about what it has to meet in the near future. I think it would be wise and rational for congress to spend enough money to set in motion machinery under the highest medical talent in America, to hunt out under research the origin of this difficulty, together with the application of some remedy that may be discovered. This is especially necessary in view of the fact that life insurance statistics show that during the five years following the last grippe epidemic the death rate was 40 per cent above normal." A conference of the service men of the United States Tire company was held recently at the company's Hart ford factory. The gathering included men from every state. The service men form that part of the company's staff which advises the consumer of the best means of getting the most miles out of his tires. The purpose of the conference was to acquaint the service men fully with the latest de velopments in tire manufacture and the best means of avoiding tire trouble. RED CROSS NOTES Washington, August 10.—Plans for a nation-wide Red Cross campaign opening Monday, November 3, and closing Armistice day, November 11, were formally announced tonight by Dr. Livingston Farrand, chairman of the executive committee of the Amer ican Red Cross. The primary object of the campaign, which will be known as the third Red Cross roll call, will be to enroll mem bers for 1920, but there will bt in ad dition a general appeal for $15,000, 000 to enable the organization to com plete its war obligations at home and abroad. There will also be local appeals, where necessary, conducted by the chapters, to secure funds needed for local programs. During the war there were two an nual Red Cross campaigns, the War Fund drive in the late spring and a Christmas roll call for membership. The only campaign this year will be the one in November and in succeed ing years there will be only an annual roll call in which the Red Cross will seek the re-affirmed allegiance of the American people expressed in dollar memberships. The money so derived will be used for American purposes and the approval thus received is to be regarded as a mandate to carry on future programs. "The first task of the American Red Cross is, of course, to complete its obligations to American soldiers and sailors," said Dr. Farrand in announ cing the program. "The organization * Attention Nr. Land Owner During this year we are giving special attention to the selling of land. We are connected with eastern and western ag ents for the handling of land and are in a position to readily sell your land for you Rundle Land and Abstract Co. S. J. RUNDLE, President "Firé-Wall" Steel Filing Cabinets are, Like Safes, Asbestos Lined 4,OOO "Y and E" Products Efficiency Desks, "Fire-Wall" Steel Cabinets, "Y and E" Wood Cabinets, Record Filing Safes, Steel Shelving Systems, Vertical Filing Supplies, etc. Built like Safe B==0 S CS=-=0 H \ W // IT'S the construction—the asbestos lining between two walls of steel—that makes the "Y and E" Fire-Wall Steel Filing Cabinet, over three times as fire and heat proof as any other steel filing cabinet made. This is the only filing cabinet built on the principle of a safe—for it has double walls lined with asbestos at top, bottom, front, sides and back. This is but one of five exclusive features which you get when you buy"Y and E"equip ment. Automatic safety latches, "Y and E" frictionless slides, drawers which fit the cabinet frame like safe doors," Y and E" system service —all these added exclusive features come to the buyers of"Yand E." Since you pay for fire protection, why not get it? Only double walls and asbestos can give you three times as much protection as single walls. And only "Y and E" can offer double walled, asbestos-lined cabinets. It will pay you to telephone or write for our New Booklet Glasgow Courier Dealers Made in all stand ard paper, card, check and document "<<» v ° a a rTn~n / The pyrometer reels tern the heat of the Bimsen burner ut 1505 degree!. Uy actual tent, made by Yawman and Krlie.aiid »»rifled by the Navy Depart ment, the "V and K" Kire-WiillCabiiietstocd up In this intense heat over thrcetimc*»«long as the belt grades of ordinary steel cabinet«. plans, as its 'future policy, to concen trate its efforts upon peacp problems at home, unless America should again be involved in war or confronted by great disasters creating special emer gencies. "The Red Cross programs are pri amrily within the field of public health and will aim particularly at cooper ation with official'activities, federal, state and local. The Red Cross will seek not to duplicate the work of es tablished organizations, but will en deavor to supplement other agencies where they alreâdy exist or to stimu late and organize work where none such exists." In an amendment to the army bill, congress has prolonged the responsi bility of the Red Cross abroad by authorizing Secretary of War Baker to transfer to the Red Cross such med ical and surgical supplies and supple mentary and dietary foodstuffs now in Europe as is not needed by the ^rmy abroad or at home "to be used by the American Red. Cross to relieve and supply the pressing needs of the countries involved in the late war." Inventories of these supplies are now being made. To them will be ad ded such material as the American Red Cross itself has in Europe, and these will be distributed in the coun tries where the organization is con cluding its war relief program and where, because of the ravages of war, famine and epidemic, the distress is most pronounced as in the Balkans, Poland and other eastern European countries. To meet these obligations and administer this foreign relief the Red Cross must raise a fund of $15, 000,000, Dr. Farrand stated. The Red Cross authorities realize that the astonishing generosity of the American people during the war might legitimately lead many to expect a release from further demands for as sistance to other peoples," continued Dr. Farrand, "but we must remember that our allies were much harder hit by the war than we were, and that we have incurred obligations to them which honor demands shall be dis charged. In naming the sum of $15, 000,000, the Red Cross has tried to determine the smallest amount which will enable it to round out its work and make effective the appropriations of army goods rather than to esti mate the generosity of the American people." GLEN DIVE MAN ARRESTED FOR OPERATING STILL Glendive, August 19.— George Cratz, a boilermaker in the employ of the Northern Pacific railway, is in the Dawson county jail charged with op erating a whisky still in violation of the law. He was arrested at his do micile on the south side while engag ed in manufacturing what the officers believe is a fermentation that con tains -a kick that would satisfy any hard-boiled toper. Cratz was found boiling a concoction of molasses, yeast and other ingredients in the regula tion brown kettle with pipes leading into a keg of ice from which it was siphoned through another hose or pipe into a bottle. The finished prod uct is a whitish colored fluid and is reported to test about 125 per cent.