Newspaper Page Text
lau inuuü vi iiviuimiiuu isuiunu
SEASONS OF NORMAL RAIFALL It is perhaps generally recognized that irrigation is, more or less, supple menlary to rainfall, but there is likely to exist in the minds of those whose relation to irrigation is not born cf-j long experience or close application, that when the season of normal rain fall arrives irrigation can be dispensed with. This may be to a small degree true, if that rainfall came at just ex actly the proper time and was of suf ficient amount to supply plant life with the moisture necessary to pro duce maximum yields. However, the fact remains that the falling of rain upon soils has always been intermit tent in character, and that during fair weather a part of the water supplied by rainfall to the sail becomes lost by drainage, and that plant life, in order to develop its highest efficiency neces sitates moisture applied at such times as it is needed. It is indeed a rare country and a rare season when a crop can be matured with the soil contain ing at all times the optimum amount of moisture. There is no doubt but that there are periods when any soil even in the humid regions would pro duce larger yields if irrigation was available. Shoulders All Baking Cares When CALUMET comes in, all baking troubles take quick leave. You go right ahead and mix up bak ing materials, for biscuits— cakes— anything without fear of uncertainty. Calumet makes you forget failure. CALUMET BAKING POWDER is the most popular because it docs give most perfect results. It has the big gest demand because it is the most de - i pendable. The fact that it is the big gest seller proves that it is the best. Atriaj will convince you that there is none just as good." Buy a can— if you are not satisfied take it back and get your money back. Calumet contains only such ingre dients as have been approved officially by the U. S. Food Authorities. Tob MYe when you bay it. To« me when you use it. HIGHEST QUALITY HIGHEST AWARDS E ! FRIDAY and SATURDAY LAST DAYS OF SALE All Prices Cut J. L. TRUSCOTT Model Bakery Building. | We, as Montanans, will find much j difficulty in placing our state in the ; humid class, and in view of the fore ! K°' n g, if irrigation can occupy a use ^ u ' position in humid states, it cer tainly can claim to be a paramount factor in this state. There have been conducted in Wis consin a number of experiments with different kind of crops to determine ' the relative yields with and without irrigation. Wisconsin is considered a state wherein a sufficient amount of : rainfall occurs to raise crops and eer tainly no one hears about any exten s ' ve irrigation projects being con | structed in that state , yet it has been ' conclusively proved that the irrigation of crops in Wisconsin does produce a very marked increase in the yield. Ex periments made over a four-year per iod resulted in determining the fact that although many sections of the country normally possessing a total precipitation sufficient to raise crops there existed a faulty distribution in time and quantity sufficient to pro duce a retardation of growth and con sequent scanty yield. Broadly speaking the farmers of Montana realize that the soil of the Treasure state is" enormously rich and will, with sufficient moisture, produce yield far overshadowing the eastern and more humid states. The time has arrived when the people of Montana should realize that the moisture, so necessary to successful farming, can be supplied by irrigation—that the old humid states practice of watchful waiting for the patter of the rain drops—is an out-worn, non-essential and non-productive pastime. The vicissitudes of the novice In ir rigation are many but when once the job is thoroughly learned, when once the irrigationist learns to construct and maintain his farm ditches, spread his water and control his waste to a minimum, stay with his job and resist the temptation to quit the flats at the first sign of rain, so will he succeed and his reward will be made manifest by bountiful harvests, a sense of secur ity, and high land values. Those who may be dubious need but to set and compare the non-irrigated with the irrigated sections of this state. Moreover, irrigation can pro duce successful precedent enough for the most critical when it is realized that Egypt has irrigated for a matter of 7,000 years and without which there would not have been any civilization and probably no people at all in that country. India with an average rainfall over the entire country of about 42 inches has extensive irrigation projects, some of which supply areas of normally heavy rainfall, but act as a protection against drouth which occurs only at intervals. This protection is found to be the best of crop insurance. Many more cases could be cited to show that irrigation, wherever it is possible to employ it, is the best and surest means to successful farming known to man. There is a rapidly growing tendency among the farmers on the Valier pro ject to make preparations to irrigate as early as it is needed and to disre gard any and all signs of rain, for as has been pointed out before, rain is but a fickle and inconstant element, one to be ignored as a summer growing saver. One outstanding fact of a sum mer shower should be borne in mind and that is that although it has a ten dency to freshen up the atmosphere, unless it is a good big rain it will de stroy the mulch and do more harm than good to the crops. In the final analysis irrigation means intense cultivation, dense popu lation and high land values, which are the foundation of good schools, good roads, telephcr.es, better social condi tions and a general prosperity. WHEN ALL PULL TOGETHER It is amazing What can be accomp lished when EVERYBODY pulls to gether. That's the way mountains are moved. But there is more in it than mere physical power—it's the SPIRIT that is aroused by unity. You can't a town ' jac ' N w ^en its people de cide to do a thing—and then do it. The Chamber of Commerce is the very starting point of such move ments—the cement, as it were, that binds men and methods together. It's very difficult for a FEW tc hold back when the majority are smiling and saying, "Come on—we're invinc ible." Towns, like people, are apt to "get in a rut." What does "getting in a rut" mean ? It means letting fairly good enough alone—being content with what has gone before—complacently and snugly settling back into precedence and in action. It means struggling along with the same schools, roads and city policies regardless of whether they are progressive or NOT. These are spirited times. If a town or a community begins to retrograde, the downhill plunge is swift and sure. Both worth while men and worth while busi ness move elsewhere. Grab the rope— yank a bit with YOUR strength and YOUR inititative and pride. It doesn't take very long for a Chamber of Com merce to work miracles in a town. Co-operation spells success—indif ference, failure. LUMP SUM INSURANCE Washington, Jan. 26.—Referring to the enactment of the Sweet bill to amend the war risk insurance law and to increase the benefits to the Ameri can soldiers of the world war, Senator Capper of Kansas said: "It gives greater benefit to the soldiers, and provides among other things, for the payment of the insurance of service men in a lump sum, if desired by the insured. Many other provisions clar ify the law and make more simple and more speedy the payment of the be lated allotments and allowances of the soliders, sailors and marines. "This is an act of simple justice, and should be followed by other laws granting other just and deserved bene fits to service men, especially those who are disabled and incapacitated for daily labor. Whether a lump bonus should be paid, or whether the legisla tion should take the form of loans for the purcahse of homes, either in town or country, remains to be decided, but certainly this country can afford to be generous to the men who fought our battles." Don't You Forget It Bear in mind that Chamberlain's Tablets not only move the bowels but improve the appetite and strengthen the digestion. They contain no pepsin or other digestive ferment but strengthen the stomach and enable it to perform its functions naturally. IVHlbVTHli) 1 LRU BETTER SERVICE Some Rules Adopted Under Govern ment Control Will Be/Retain ed b} Owners. Washington, Jan. 6.—Some of the changes in railroad operation adopted under government control will be con tinued after the roads are returned to private operation on March 1. The association of railway executives at meetings now being held in Washing ton, are carefully considering all of the changes, and Thomas De Witt Cuyler, its chairman, announced that the following already had been agreed upon. Adoption of a rule for the distribu tion and interchange of freight cars. Continuation of the system of op erating statistics established by the railroad administration. Continuation of the present method of collecting transportation charges. Mr. Cuyler discussed means which the railroad executives feel are requir ed to enable the companies to give the best possible .-ervice. These essen tials wre enumerated as follows: Creation of a government body charged with the primary duty of studying the transportation needs of the country and of advising congress and the interstate commerce commis sion as to the requirements. Sufficient national control over rates to prevent discrimination and unfair competition between the rates charg ed in one state as against the rates charged in another state -or for inter state traffic. Liberty to simplify and stabilize railway transportation by permitting proper consolidation. Guarantee of the present rentals paid by the government for a reason able period. Creation for use this present year of a substantial loaning fund which will enable the companies to com plete additions and betterments al ready started. While the railway executives were in session the legislative, executive and valuation committees of the na fional association of railways and utilities commissioners discussed plans for obtaining the elimination from pending railway legislation of those provisions which would confer on federal agencies control now exer cised by state bodies. A memorandum outlining the asso ciation's objections to the Cummins and Esch bills will be presented to the senate and house conferees with in the next few days, John E. Benton solicitor for the association, said. FORDS IN FOREIGN LANDS According to a recent report from the American Trade Agent at Buch arest, Roumania, received by the Ford Motor company's foreign department New York City, a consignment of 200 Ford motor cars and 180 Fordson tractors was amongst "the first since the end of the waM and may be con sidered as-one of the most important, because of the part they will play in the reconstruction of battle scarred hungry Roumania. Speaking of the arrival of the trac tors, the report said: "The 'Fordson autotractors, though completely un known in Roumania, obtained a very large success at its first demonstra tions which were followed with the greatest interest by a large number of farmers, on account of its remarkable qualities and of the services it can do in this country where the work ani mals have been destroyed by the ene my invasion during the war." More than three quarters of the stock arrived has already been sold and is employed all over the country to the delight of the Roumanian farm ers who are seeing here a great future for the autotractor. Reporting on the sale of the motor cars, the trade agent says: "The 'Ford automobiles were sold immediately on their arrival and the Noel company is waiting very anxiously a second con signment of 120 machines which have been ordered, but it is doubtful if this order will be tilled inasmuch as the factory advised that they were 185,000 orders behind on January 1st. Shipments of agricultural machinery from the Oliver Chilled Plow Works American Seeding Machine company and the Roderic Lean Manufacturing company to be used in conection with the Fordson tractor have also been re ceived in Bucharest. LESS SOCIALISM—MORE FOOD, Glass making industries in Belgium are working at 100 per cent of nor mal, and other industries are rapid ly getting on a similar basis. The re ports add that "there is plenty of food and less socialism than in other coun tries." The words might well have been reversed, saying that "there is less socialism and more food than in other countries," thus conveying the idea, which is tine, that the less so cialism the more food. If other coun tries which suffered less from the war than did Belgium, would get back to work they would find more food and less socialism in their midst. NEW SOCIETY FORMED. Bozeman, Mont., January 26.—The Cap and Gown society, an honorary society for women of the senior class, has been formed at the state college with three charter members. Mem bership in this honorary society is limited to twenty per cent of the to tal membership of the senior class in from any class can never exceed six persons. Choice of students for mem bership will be made from junior clas ses at commencement time preceding their senior year. The three young women at the col lege to be honored as charter mem bers of the society are the Misses Vera Harris, Leila Linfield and Louise Stone, all of Bozeman. Names of the members of the Cap and Gown society are to be engraved upon a shield which is to be hung in the halls of the main college building. The itiembers of the faculty com mittee which organized and is spon soring the new society are Dean Una B. Herrick of the women's college of M. S. C., Miss Freda Bull, Miss Em ma Garrison, Mrs. W. F. Schoppe and Miss Jessie Donaldson. This committee names members of the society, using as a basis for choice the scholarship record, student activ ity and character ofHhe young worn en considered. TOO MUCH NOISE, SHELL SHOCKED VET TRIES GAS Chicago, Jan. 25.—In one of the bitter struggles in which American doughboys tooR part in France, Emil Bochmann 's nerves were shattered by shell shock. He was sent to the hos pital to be cured and was there for months. "Absolute quiet" was one of the important features of the treat ment. No long ago he came back o Chicago where he used to be a street car conductor. He got his old job back, but the environment was disturbing even tho he had been pronounced cured. The clanging of bells, the sharp words of passengers, the slamming of doors, the jarring and jolting* of the car, all wore on the wrecked nerves. "Abso lute quiet," was a thing unknown to him. So Bochmann attached a tube to the gas jet and lay down with the tube in his mouth. It was the only way he COMPARE The WORK The three inbuilt card devices of the "Royal"—the Overhead Card Holder, Stationary Center Scale, and Twin Aligning Scales—as sure the neatest and most exact typing on the smallest cards, en velopes, labels. And the typist can do this as quickly and easily as she handles correspondence. "Royal" construction enables the typist to feed and guide any form of material simply, swiftly. "Roy al" ribbon spool guards do away with the soiling of the fingers in replacing ribbons; "Royal" gear ed carriage tracks insure perpet ually perfect alignment. The Glasgow Courier DEALERS ......... m Mtape tue nerves. Mis moth er found him unconscious, but prompt attention, it is believed, will save his life. STRANGE DISEASE IS KILLING STOCK After several weeks investigation government veterinary physicians have decided that flu or hemorrhagic septi cemia is the disease that has killed so much stock in northern Montana this winter. The animal is attacked in its weakest organ, for example if the heart is weak, the heart will be attack ed. If the kidneys, or liver or lungs are weak they will be attacked. In the human family the disease would be known as the flu. The tech nical name is hemorrhagic septicemia which the veterinary explains is blood poisoning caused by the absorption of septic matter into the circulation. Dr. Zenor, a government veterinary, stationed at Glasgow, was in Poplar during the past week and has made a number of post mortem examinations of animals that have died with symp toms all alike and he is of the belief that it is hemorrhagic septicemia or flu that is killing them. To check up on himself however, he sent speci mens of certain organs to the state and national clinics to be examined more carefully. If his diagnosis is found to be corect he will return to Poplar at once and make vaccinations wherever requested. PRAYER WEEK COMING. Bozeman, January 25.—National Repair week begins in Dixieland the first week in February, in the north west a month later. However, it is time that farmers and implement deal ers of the northwest prepare for the repairing of machinery for spring work, says Prof. H. E. Murdock, agri cultural engineer at the state college. "Unfortunately for the entire in dustry, some persons do not under stand the import of National Repair week," says Prof. Murdock. "It is not meant as the time when farmers should go over machinery and list new parts needed, but rather is a time when deliveries of repair parts should be made on orders placed earl ier in the winter. "To make the most out of National Repair week, all orders should be in the hands of the manufacturers well in advance of that time. If there are repair parts still to be ordered this winter, they should be ordered at once so that the farmer may be ready for the drive of National Re pair week." 51H GEORGE'S HANDICAP A certain senator, deploring the dis honest methods of one type of busi ness man, once said, with a smile: "It all brings back to me a dialog I once heard in a Southern school. 'Chil dren,' said the teacher, 'be diligent and stedfast, and you will succeed. Take the case of George Washington, whose birthday we are soon to celebrate. Do you remember my telling you of the great difficulty George Washington had to contend with?' 'Yes, ma'am' said a little boy. 'He couldn't tell a lie., "—San Francisco Argonaut. The Best Cough Medicine. When a druggist finds that his cus omers all speak well of a certain prep aration, he forms a good opinion of it and when in need of such medicine is almost certain to use it himself and in his family. This is why so many druggists use and recommend Cham berlain's Cough Remedy. J. B. Jones, a well known druggist of Cubrun, Ky., says, "I have used Chamberlain's Cough Remedy in my family for the past seven years, and have found it to be the best cough medicine I have ever known." If there are any feeding problems bothering you come to the farm bur eau short course and get wise.