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Courier Published Ecurp Frtdap at GLASGOW, JKONTANA the Valley County Independent T. J. HOCKING, Edltor Officiai Official City County Paper Paper Entered at the Postoffice at Glasgow, Montana, aa second class matter October 6th, 1911 TELEPHONE Subscription 44 $2.00 per year Advertising rates for weekly, monthly and yearly contracts furnished jipon_applic ation.^ ABRAHAM LINCOLN. It is often said that nothing new can be said of Abraham Lincoln. On the contrary he is always new. His life presents new characteristics, sug gests new thoughts as each annivers ary of his birth arrives. He was great not so much because of his intellec tual power as because of his moral power. He was politically strong be cause the people trusted him and be lieved in his Americanism. True greatness is modest always. It was so with Lincoln to a marked de gree. Neve»- was he an egotist. Nev er did he trust to his own human powers to accomplish great deeds. He rested securely oç a power beyond human effort—a power which rules the destiny of men and of nations. In these crucial times, not only for America but for all the world, nations and leaders can learn a lesson from the life of Lincoln—a lesson never to be forgotten. He believed that this nation, and every nation destined to «ndure, must be in harmony with the great forces of righteousness, sane liberty and constructive freedom—all working to upbuild the national struc ture. As a party under Lincoln arose to save the union from division and de struction, so the same party, inspired by the same lofty spirit, stands on guard against the perils of Internat ionalism and the evils of radical so cialism masquerading as the "new freedom" or the "new democracy." Abraham Lincoln stood on the solid rock of nationalism. Let us now stand there. THE "LABOR VOTE" TOO PATRI OTIC TO BARTER. (From the Washington, D. C. Post.) The proposal to deliver the "labor vote" en masse presupposes a willing ness upon the part of millions of vot ers to lay aside their personal prin ciples and views, to disregard the in terests of the nation and to center their strength upon realizing their in dividual desires. This is an atrociously false assumption. It credits the toil ing millions with scant patriotism, stunted intelligence and with exag gerated selfishness. It contemplates a readiness upon their part to follow as sheep the leaders who are to do their thinking for them. The "labor vote" of America is not of such stuff. It is intelligent and patriotic and consider ate. It is not for sale, barter or gift. No politician carries it in his vest pocket and no boss can drive it hither or yon. It is composed of enlighten ed American citizens, entirely compe tent to think and reason for them selves, which they will proceed to do in this campaign. WHO WANTS A WAR MEDAL? A distinguished service medal was awarded to D. C. Jackling of Salt Lake City by Secretary Baker for "bravery under fire" when he accepted a con tract for the erection of a nitrate plant with his left hand and assigned the contract with his right. Mr. Jack ling was not even connected with the military service. A thoroughly consistent attitude on the part of the secretary of war would mean a wound stripe for every vacci nation for typhoid, smallpox, flu, pneu monia and a large number of other Alsop's Merchants 1 Lunch 12:00 to 3:00 Daily We have just installed a specially built Mer chants' Lunch Table. Join the "Bunch" at Lunch Try it; you'll enjoy it. ALSOP'S Rundle Bldg. vaccinations that didn't take but were given to every man-jack in the ser vice; distinguished service medals for standing reveille; special citations for conscientious objectors and silver ser vice stripes on the bathrobes of the army of intrepid couch cooties who broke their arms taking off their hats when the colors went by! WITHOUT COMMENT. The following resolution was adopt ed unanimously at the annual meeting of the Oklahoma Farmers' union at Clinton: "We view with alarm and oppose government ownership of railroads, and especially the Plumb plan, and if congress, in its wisdom, should adopt the Plumb plan, we then demand that congress also take over all the farms and equipment in the United States and employ the farmers and their families to operate them, paying them two-thirds the average wage scale paid to railroad employees, and sell ing the farm products at cost." CLAIMS HE'S ITS DADDY. And now out of the haze comes Cap 'tain Soterios Nicholson, one of the six defendants in the army graft conspir acy trial in federal court in Detroit, to claim the parentage of the League of Nations idea. Good heavens! Why intrude on a man's sorrow? Let poor Woodrow suf fer alone. RESIGNATIONS. RESUMED. Secretary Lane resigns to get into private business and Henry P. Fletch er, ambassador to Mexico, resigns to get out of public business. Both rea sons, although almost diametrical, are good. THEY, IT WERE SOLD. The News and the purchasers of the News were sold last week. Bill ad mits it. The double action sale was really a smooth piece of work and everyone loses money but Bill. RANKS ARE BARRED. Franklin D'Olier, national command er of the American Legion, has issued the following instructions to the state department officials: "No request should be made of any applicant for membership in the le gion concerning his previous rank while in service, either personally or by information asked for on any forms used by post %r department headquar ters. Any forms bearing on this sub ject should be discontinued. "The constitution of the American Legion, adopted at the recent Minne apolis convention, contains the follow ing provision: " 'The American Legion is a civil ian organization; membership therein does not affect nor increase liability for military or public service. Rank does not exist in the legion; no mem ber shall be addressed by his military or naval title in any convention or meeting of the legion.' " WEATHER REVIEW. The special observer of the U. S. weather bureau at Glasgow, summariz ing the weather conditions for the year 1919, shows the following infor mation: The mean maximum temperature for the year was 55.4 degrees; the mean minimum temperature for the year, 26.9 degrees; the mean temper ature, 40.9 degrees. The maximum or warmest day dur ing the year was 104 degrees on the 31st day of August. The coldest day was 35 degrees below zero on the 12th of December. The date of the last killing frost in the spring was on June 2nd, and the date of the first killing frost in the fall was September 27th. The amount of precipitation for the year, whic-h was the smallest amount ever recorded at this station, was 7.54 inches. The greatest amount of rainfall to occur in any twenty-four hour per iod was on the second day of July, when 1.20 inches fell. ACTIÔN AGAINST SHERIDAN BOARD WA S NOT PROPER The action against the Sheridan board of county commissioners which was filed by County Attorney Gun ther a short time ago, in which the board was mandamused to give an ac counting of the seed grain fund of 1918, was dismissed on Wednesday of last week. In rendering the deci sion, the court said that the proced ure was not proper. The affair was fostered by Red Flag Taylor, who, it is said, has long sought to oust the board of commission ers. When the seed grain bond issue was voted on in January, it is claimed that the farmers were promised an other election on the matter after the present board was ousted. Seed grain is badly needed by a large num ber of Sheridan county farmers, and the assistance which they might have secured from the county was lost to them through the machinations of the radical schemers. Although the seed grain question was checked by the state examiner, the Producers News asked the county to hire a special accountant to go over the books. The accountant was hired and his services dispensed with shortly after. He continued his work under a promise from Taylor that he would be remunerated, but after sev eral months of useless checking he packed up his toothbrush and depart ed for home. The mandamus pro ceedings appeared to have been ini tiated to furnish a scare head article for the nonpartisan organ at Plenty wood. George Hurd, assisted by Babcock & Ellery of Plentywood, represented the board. INTERESTING DATA ON FARM PROFITS OF CLUB MEMBERS The following interesting items from the last issue of the Valley County Farm Bureau News demonstrate what can be accomplished by an industrious application of good common sense in whatever work you are doing. For some little time, for instance, it has been an accepted fact that there is big profit in eggs—if you have them. Some hens lay more eggs than others, due principally to the fact that their "working conditions" are not the same. Plainly, the following farm bureau members understood what was necessary and furnished the proper "vPBrking conditions": During the month of December Mrs. Peter Peterson's 95 hens produced 65 dozen of eggs, 58 dozen of these were sold for $50. During January they produced 83 dozen of eggs and 75 dozen were sold for $48.75. Mrs. W. H. Moecker gives the fol lowing interesting data. In 17 days she received from 46 hens 30 Vi dozen eggs which she sold for 55 cents dozen, or a total of $16.77. It cost Mrs. Moecker 48 cents per day to feed her 46 hens and for the seventeen days it cost .$8.16. A neat profit of .61 on 46 hens in 17 days. These figures are taken from Mrs. Moecker's account book, and these facts sure more than repay Mrs. Moecker for her trouble. She knows exactly her prof its. Mrs. Moecker has pure bi'ed Rhode Island Reds. Walter Jorgenson of Tampico states that his 80 hens have paid for their feed and his grocery bill this winter. In January Walter sold $24 worth of eggs besides he used a lot at home, We wish Walter had kept an exact ac count. He feeds the following daily to 80 hens: Four quarts of dry mill feed, four quarts of corn in evening and four quarts of wheat in the morn ing. 25,000 TO ENLIST FOR NORTH DAKOTA SCRAP THIS YEAR Organization and campaign plans for the North Dakota independent voters' association were adopted at the state convention of the organization recently. By the plan of campaign adopted it is proposed to organize a force of at least 25,000 voters to dedicate their time to carrying on the campaign against the nonpartisan league in the state. Continuation of the work here tofore conducted by the association was approved. In the nomination of candidates it was ' proposed by the committee on campaign methods that the anti-non partisan league members of the re publican and democratic state central committee be asked to confer with a like committee of seven from the Independent voters' association, for calling a state mass convention of all voters opposed to the league to nominate tickets. This plan of pro cedure also was recommended in the counties and the legislative districts and was unanimously approved by the association. LEGION FORMED AT MALTA. A branch of the American Legion was formed in this city last Sunday afternoon. There was a large number of the ex-service men present and some from other towns along the line. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: Commander, Geo. Tout; vice commander, Jack Sullivan; secretary, John Hohler; treasurer, Carl Simonson, and Ray Gardner as sergeant at arms. The boys have a strong organization and a good set of officers. It is an organization that should be joined by every service man in the county.—Malta Enterprise. TOUGH TIME FOR GOPHER PEST IS BU REAU VERDICT According to plans of the farm bu reau and board of county commission ers, the Valley county ground squirrel will have a season of tough sledding commencing with the first sign of spring. The gopher extermination project was started this week and the farm bureau office is already busy mixing up "coroner cocktails" for the pest. This is in line with the recent de cision of the commissioners that the compulsory law is to be strictly en forced the coming summer. All ex termination activities are to be car ried on under the direction of the farm bureau which appoints the local dis tributors of poison subject to confirm ation by the board. The distributors will furnish proper application blanks for poison which are presented to the county commis sioners at their regular sessions and if approved the poison bait is issued. The law makes necessary the un winding of considerable red tape be fore the poison is finally dispensed, so it has been suggested that those plan ning on securing poison from the county start their applications as soon as possible. The farm bureau and the bureau of biological survey will cooperate dur ing the campaign to swell the list of casualties and everyone is being urged to make an early start in the syste matic destruction of the ground squir rel. SUFFICIENT FEED FOR LIVESTOCK IN MONTANA REPORTED Helena, Feb. 8.—Reports from 12 counties in the northern, central, east ern and western sections of the state on crop and livestock conditions up to January 31 received by Charles D. Greenfield, commissioner of agricul ture and publicity, are to the effect that the first month in the year was much less severe on livestock than the preceding winter months. Live stock is being fed in every section of the state and in all of the counties reporting there is sufficient feed on hand to carry the animals through, but it is costing the feeders a very high price per ton for hay and ojher feed stuffs. So far as reports show there has been practically no winter killing of fall grain. Several of the counties report a surplus of Marquis wheat for seeding purposes, but oth er seed grain is short. The follow ing reports from the counties will give an indication of local conditions: Roosevelt county—Stock wintering fairly well with enough feed on hand to carry them through. Sufficient seed wheat for spring seeding. Richland county.—Weather during January was generally severe, range cattle showing effects. Much of the range is covered with ice rendering it inaccessible to stock. There ap pears to be sufficient seed wheat in the county, but oats and flax will have to be shipped in. Dawson county.—Severe weather in January caused considerable loss in livestock, especially calves. There is a shortage of both feed and seed. Custer county.—During January there was one week of severe cold weather. There appears to be plenty of feed on the market and where live stock losses have been reported there was lack of proper feeding and pro tection from the cold. Rosebud county.—Cattle properly fed and cared for are doing well. Con siderable loss is reported among range horses. No winter killing of fall wheat and rye reported. Musselshell county.—Feed is scarce and expensive. Winter crops in good shape. Stillwater county.—No winter kill ing of fall grain reported. Surplus of good Marquis seed wheat but short age in all other spring grains. Feed extremely scarce and high priced. Chouteau county.—Livestock gener ali being supplied with sufficient feed and horses not dying to the extent that they were earlier in the winter. Wheat generally in excellent condition. Valley county.—Practically all live stock has to be fed regularly. With the exception of sheep stock is gener ally in poor condition. Plenty of seed wheat in the county with perhaps a small surplus for export. Blaine county.—Conditions were hard on livestock in January, espe cially on horses. Winter wheat and rye appear to be in fair condition. A fair supply of hay on hand but not enough to feed through until spring. Fergus county.— Duç to the mild weather during the greater part of January, livestock conditions are more favorable and losses have been very much less than during the preceding two months. Winter wheat damaged a little in some sections through soil blowing. Due to the high price of spring seed wheat, it is probable the acreage planted will be less than has been estimated, but the flax, barley, oats and corn acreage will be cor respondingly increased. Livestock men are holding to their best breed ing stock. Sanders county.—Weather was gen erally mild through January. Consid erable hay is being shipped in from the Yakima valley costing $32 a ton in carload lots. Hot house people are like hot house plants. They can't stand exposure to «evere weather, says the United States public health service. Sleep with the windows open and keep every room well ventilated. 2 DAYS OKIVEUn SOME COMEDY! Some girls are born vankps; some achieve the art and others have it thrust upon them. Nellie's came all three ways. She had a smile that would civilize a Bolshevist, a pair of eyes that would dazzle a Saint, and the manner of a Sunday-school teacher. If, /. \V .VY,\ / / Y/ /-// x 3m- mm? 'Mm. -■»'•sk'-J, y i&k § VftJ * ÏW ta hi * HAVEiYOU EVER BEEN VAMPED ? If you have, you tcnowjhow it feels. If you haven't you've got to learn. Don't fail to see "TheJSweetest 'Vamp' Story Ever Told" How Nellie Jones Smilingly Vamped Her Way Through Life, Breaking j Hearts as Though They Were Kidney Beans Until She Vamped ' t&. MsSh Her Own Heart Away. Monday-Tuesday, Feb. 16-17 BEWARE TWISTERS. \ Director R. G. Cholmeley-Jones of the bureau of war risk insurance has announced that misleading and incor rect statements relative to the per manency of government insurance are being circulated by individuals appar ently engaged in attempted "twisting" of insurance. A specific and typical report received by the director was to the effect that some of these indi viduals had boarded a nhval vessel at Philadelphia and had told the sailors that government insurance would not be good after five years. "Government life insurance for vet erans of the great war is a perma nent proposition," said Director Chol meley-Jones. "Misleading statements have been made to the effect that gov ernment insurance will cease at the end of five years after the war, or that it will be turned over to private companies. Such statements are ab solutely false and without foundation. There is, however, a requirement that the temporary term insurance held during the war which increases in cost from year to year, be changed or con verted into one of the six permanent forms of government life insurance (ordinary life, 20 payment life, 30 payment life, 20 year endowment, 30 year endowment, or endowment at age of 62) within five years after the formal declaration of peace by proc lamation of the president, if the in sured desires to continue to be pro tected. This permanent insurance does not increase in premium cost as the insured grows older. "Improper conduct by individuals I have referred to is in direct oppo sition to the attitude of the great life insurance companies, which is embrac ed in a statement by the secretary of one of the large companies, who re cently said: " 'Of course, a life insurance com pany can not grant life insurance at less than cost, but the government of fers insurance to soldiers and sailors at less than it would cost the govern ment to grant that insurance (that is because the government bears all ex penses of management, etc.). The gov ernment is justified in this liberality in consideration of the fact that these soldiers and sailors have risked their lives, or have been willing to risk their lives, for the benefit of the na tion. All this being so, it is obviously expedient for soldiers and sailors to take all the insurance offered by the government at the low rate charged.' "The company whose secretary made the above statement has instructed all its agents to refuse to take applica tions from soldiers and sailors until they have taken the full amount of new government insurance to which they are entitled." GENERAL PERSHING SAYS LEGION MUST BE CAREFUL General John J. Pershing's right hand failed him Saturday at the Greek theatre on the University of Californ ia campus in Berkeley and thousands of former service men with whom the general had expressed a desire to shake hands were cautioned not to "squeeze." "Go easy, boys; don't press too hard. Don't squeeze, the men were admonish ed by Brigadier General Fox Connor, chief of General Pershing's staff, after approximately half the men waiting in line to shake the general's hand had been gratified. The reception to the former service men came at the end of an address by General Pershing directed to them. General Pershing reiterated his ad vocacy of military training for the nation's youth and recommended con tinuance of the reserve officers' train ing camps maintained during the war. CHOICE CUTS Of the Best MEATS Every housewife wants to serve the best in MEATS to her family. She can be assured she is doing so if she buys her Meat at this shop. We wish to call your attention to the Farm Bureau Short Course held February 19th at the Or pheum theatre. Splendid speak ers will be present to help you solve difficult problems. CITY NEAT MARKET North & Selig General Pershing also addressed a large assembly of Oakland citizens at Lakeside park. He praised the Amer ican Legion, advocated deportation of aliens who persistently refuse to learn the English language and "refuse to learn something of the history and traditions of this country of ours." "The American Legion must re main non-partisan," he said. "The American Legion should not permit it self or its members to become the pawns and tools of political job seek ers and hucksters." General Pershing left Saturday eve ning for Los Angeles, San Diego, and other southern California cities. GONE ARE THE DAYS. Behold the pretty little sheep! How calm and fat it grows! We can remember when its fleece Was used in woolen clothes! The reason so many men are led astray is because they stand around waiting for the opportunity to be led that way.