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Courier Published Every Friday at GLASGOW, JKONTANA fccceedinÄ the Valley County Independent T. J. HOCKING, Publisher. Entered at the Postoffice at Glasgow, Montana, as second class matter October 6th, 1911 TELEPHONE SUBSCRIPTION - - $3.00 Advertising rates for weekly, monthly and »early contracta furnished upon application. "WE POINT WITH PRIDE" The plan the opposition press has j adopted, to harrass and obstruct the administration at every turn and to | blame those in authority at Washing- j ton, for "not doing something", is rendered harmless by consideration of the Republican record of achievement since March 4th, to which we may be pardoned by "pointing with pride." A peace established after two and a half years of impotency on the part of the former administration to accomp lish that end. A tariff bill in process of enactment that will bring independence to Ameri labor and industry from the menace of destructive foreign competition. The stage all set for the perfection cf an internal revenue law that will take from the back of business the heaviest load it has been forced to carry since the organization of the Government. An economy program in active op eration that will save the taxpayers tens of millions of dollars. A vigorous campaign being waged against war profiteers with the ob ject of restoring ill gotten gains to the Treasury and lodging the crimin als behind the bars. The courageous publication of facts concerning the soldier bonus bill that will corect the mistaken impressions of well meaning but ill-informed citi zens regarding the effect of that measure upon the country's welfare. The extension of helpful aid to the railroads to enable them to recover from the awful depression that fol lowed the 26 months of Democratic mismanagement. The Postmaster General engaged in a determined effort to make of the Postal Savings system a real help to the poorer members of society and an aid in the financial operation of the Government. A budget law enacted and in full operation that will not only save hun dreds of millions in the next fiscal year, but will be relied upon to cut down substantially the expenses of the Government during the year that be gan on July 1st. The first meeting in history of all the chiefs of executive departments and bureaus, presided over by the President, for the sole object of find ing ways and means for cutting down Federal expenses. The retirement of scores of obso lete ships and the sale of surplus ma terials, unused real estate, etc., in the Navy Department. The rigid curtailing of Army es tablishments in accordance with the law of Congress that the enlisted per sonnel must be cut to 150,000. The promulgation of an order that all bureaus must turn in to the Gen eral Supply Committee every piece of surplus equipment, and that no new pieces shall be purchased that can be obtained from the stock of that com mittee. The work of the War Risk Insur ance Bureau brought up to date for the first time since its organization in the early days of the war. The veteran's bureau bill enact®.! in to law, and the work of consolidating under a single head all soldier relief activities in full swing. Huge appropriations granted by Congress for the construction of ade quate hospital accommodations for our disabled soldiers, and the grant of au thority to use Army buildings, not needed for military purposes, for the same work. The conduct of experiments never atempted before in the history of the world to determine the part to be as signed in possible future wars to bat tleships and aircraft. A comprehensive survey of condi tions in the Philippine Islands by ex perts, upin which to frame a definite j policy toward those possessions. One of the foremost business men j in the country at the head of the ! Shipping Board, engaged, with able \ assistants, in liquidating the greatest | commercial wreck in the history of ! the world. The notification to the world in ' readily understood language that the j United States ki the future will in- ! sist on the maintenance of its rights, whether wan in the war or otherwise acquired. A settlement of the years-old con troversy with Columbia by a treaty u which American honor and dignity are fully upheld. The adjustment of a pfflitical feud in Cuba that threatened to engulf that Kttfle republic in another war. The suppression of rival factions in Panama and Costa Rica that seem ed bent oil precipitating a war in the immediate vicinity of the Panama Candi. The adjustment of domestic labor disturbances through friendly inter ference of the Department of Labor. The complete elimination of the spirit of autocracy that prevailed for eight vears and the substitution of the democracy that distinguished the na tion from its beginning. The initiation of a program for a great conference on the subject of disarmament to be participated in by the world powers represented at Washington. And vet some people tell us that the period from March 4th has been bar ren of accomplishment. WHY PET THE RAILROADS? Many soldiers want to know why the government is too poor to pay the so-called bonus, and yot is healthy enough to loan the railroads $400,000, 000. The ouestion is pertinent, and it is time for the public to be informed as what pull the railroads have a t Washington, that their demands should be first, to meet with favora hie consideration by the government. ) The enquiry is especially forceful, coming as it does in the face of the prevailing prohibitary and arbitrary freight charges, in force by the roads with the consent and at the sugges tion of the inter-state commerce com mission. Montana people are not informed as to facts sufficient to justify their loaning money to the corporations that are now bleeding them with extortion ate freights. The people do not see the justice of keeping in power the theorists who have built up a fabric of visionary conditions, that cause them to lose sight of actual facts; to forget the needs of the producer and remember only the fantastic pleas of the railroads in an effort to keep con trol of transportation. Perhaps the railroads are in hard luck, but that the Panama canal was built was a contingency which they should have reckoned with; that the automobile and the air-craft has in terfered with their business, is no reason that the producer should be held to paying double rates of the day when they had not the compe tition which these developments have made. The producer is entitled to the benefit of invention and advancement, and there is no reason why the rail roads should hold the business of the country hack to transportation by the sole use of rails. What must be the mental condition of the board, that is this day and age requires the Montana farmer to pay on his ship ment of wheat to Minneapolis, a rate from coast to coast, plus the local rate to Minneapolis? As viewed from a common sense standpoint, there is no more reason for the government in terposing to advance the railroads to a paying basis by artificial rates, than there is to legislate for the re lief of the old time stage driver, or liveryman, each of whom has been swept aside by the onward march of civilization and invention. The railroads are up against new conditions, and must reorganize to meet them, and furnish transporta tion at a fair rate as compared with the market, and the cost of produc tion. They must realize that a new era of transportation is at hand. The Montana farmer has two alter natives, these are failure, and this means the failure of the state, or re sort to the Missouri river as a water way to market, and to the auto-truck for short hauls at home. The arbitrary freight rates and the patent attitude of the Interstate Com merce Commission, in backing up the railroad contentions, better even than the railroads themselves, are illus trated by the Saturday Evening Post, which last week contained the fol lowing among other things in a letter upon this question: "I put this proliTem up To Frank Renwick, a large dealer in sand and gravel—the main elements in road building so far as quantity and tonnage are concerned. Here is his answer: "Let me illustrate this situation from my own experience. From our pit to the loading station at Plain field, Illinois, is just nine-tenths of a mile. A public road was under construction. The freight rate from the pit to the station was fifty-six cents a ton. Poor's Manual gives the average earning of hauling freight per ton mile as less than one cent. The original rate was twenty cents. I appealed to the railroad for relief, and the freight officials agreed that as this mater ial was for public improvement— one which would materially reduce the cost of moving foodstuffs from the farms—the rate should be re duced to twenty-eight cents as an emergency matter. Of course it had to go up to the Interstate Com merce Commission for approval. That bodv quashed it as quickly as you could swat a mosquito. "The sand and gravel business presents this strange paradox: The actual sale price of this building commodity has been reduced by the producers, while it has greatly in creased in price delivered to the consumer. If we gave our gravel away, mined and loaded at the pit, to-day it would cost the average consumer more delivered than it used to cost him before the big freight raise, delivered at the point of consumption and paying the gravel producer a fair profit." We can see how the railroads might want to impead the road building pro gram, but no .reason for the attitude of the Commission. The farmers problem is different, for the farmer i* not the railroads competitor but one of the best customers the transporta tion companies have. In a speach here recently, Mr. Chester C. Davis, sî;'te Commissioner of Agriculture said: "Every bushel of wheat grown in Montana this year, no matter wheth er sold to local consumers or shipped outside the state, will pay a freight must meet compe way and not by continuing to be gov ernment pets charge of 29 cents a bushel; on hay on each ton shipped to Chicago you pay a freight charge of over SU. on hay that will be sold for from *t~> to $18 on the market there; on the pros pective potato crop of one million bushels, the freight charge to Chi cago is 90 nereent of the selling price, what will we do with them?" That pull at Washington must be a good strong pull, for we note that in addition to all other favors the gov ernment now has agreed to guaran tee the railroads earnings to the a mount of five and one-half percent on their valuation, the valuation to be fixed by themselves. Many farmers and other business people would be glad to make the same kind of an agreement with the government. We cannot conceive that it is any part of the business of the peoples' government to favor the success of any one line of private business, to the detriment of other branches of private endeavor. It is time for the railroads to understand that they tition in a business A HANK'S CONSTRI CTIVE PLAN The Glasgow National Bank in its advertisement in the Courier last week announces, "The credit of farmers at this bank depends upon the number of acres of land well summer fallowed each year and upon good diversified farming." This is something constructive, and is the first public announcement that we have noticed, made by bankers, as to a definite policy, which will cause the average farmer to take no tice, and compel him if he wants credit, to farm in the proper way. Up to this year agitation to en courage it has not been productive of much increased summer fallowing. This year in some localities the farm ers seem to have been impressed by the talks of the county agents, and the many columns of urging, that the newspapers have been giving to the movement for better farming. The Glasgow bank, however, has done something concrete, and if the other banks of the state would do likewise, and restrict credit of the farmers who do not farm properly, new farming methods will prevail in Montana— methods that will cause the bench lands to produce in any year, and un der any condition of Montana climate. The ruling of the bank only applies to farmers the same rule regarding credits that it applies to any other class of men. If you are a failure as a merchant or as a publisher or in any other branch of trade, your credit will be limited. It is a pleasure to note that in Val ley county there is more^ summer fal lowing being done than ever before, and it really seems that the old, slip shod methods of farming have passed into the discard in this vicinity. . SOUND FINANCIAL POLICIES For several years there will he large issues and large investments in bonds and securities on account of high taxes making other investments more or less undesirable. Banking and sound business condi tions generally demand that bond is sues be at a fair rate of interest to reduce speculation and selling bonds at a large discount, to a minimum. Sound policy should be along the line of inducing people in the state to be come investors in home securities, and western states have well managed public utilities that issue fine securi ties. State, county and municipal bonds should be sold as largely as possible to the people in the district where they are issued, and this is being done in counties that issue market road bonds. Altogether too many outside and even European securities are unload ed on the people, including worthless oil stock and other speculative se curities, when people do much better to buv home securities. ARM LOG HOUSE INSURANCE AGENCV IIORVAL E. MASON. MANAGER. GLASGOW, MONT. NOTARY PUBLIC PHONE 16l LOANS * REAL ESTATE*RENTALS r « You may be Sure* says the Good Judge That you are getting full value for your money when you use this class of tobacco. The good, rich, real to bacco taste lasts so long, you don 't need a fresh chew nearly as often—nor do you need so big a chew as von did with the ordi nary kind. Any man who has used the Real Tobacco Chew will tell you that. Put up in two styles W-B GUT is a long fine-cut tobacco RIGHT CUT is a short -cut tobacco W e y man - Bru tcyi Comp« Yot* Gtty There seems to be a general under . tanding among the Democratic pa pers, to blame Wilson's ineficiency in business upon the Republicans. Now conies the Great Falls Tribune, and says, that if Congress had been more watchful during the last years of Democratic misrule, there would have been no deficit of $."00,000,000 in the shipping board. Just how congress, at its best, could administer the af fairs of the shipping board is not said, for the simple reason that in the na ture of things, it could not do so, hav ing no executive power and none of the machinery necessary. How the last congress did anything with Wood row Wilson's ever ready veto in the background, is the wonderful thing about it. However, the ?:100,000,000 item is but a little larger than the million or so that John Barton Payne mislaid. Both incidents are chargeable only and solely to the inefficiency, and want of business capacity of the Dem ocrats, that has been evident every time that party has been in power since the government began. "May we not" say that there appears to remains a little profit in the pack ing industry, if we are to believe the news reports, that Thompson embez zled nearly half a million from the Minneapolis plant of one concern, without anyone knowing about it? Our Editor President. We honestly believe that the great est asset of this nation today is Presi dent Harding and, mind you, we are not thinking of that much over-work ed word "efficiency." Colonel Bryan, at the recent conven tion of the Christian Endeavor in New York, paid a fine and just tribute to President Harding, whom he described as a Christian president who could be relied upon to uphold and strengthen the moral sentiment of this nation, and that not under his administration could the old liquor crowd expect to resume their former position. We have referred occasionally in this column to the note of human in terest frequently sounded in President Harding's informal speeches. The oth er day he was presented by his fellow editors with an "editorial chair," made of wood from the famous old schooner Revenge, captured from the British on Lake Champlain, in the Revolu tionary war. In accepting this gift, the President said: I have a great pride in the part I have had in the newspaper profession. If I could live my life over I would not change my profession. "How very fitting it is that the tim bers of the old Revenge should have been made into a token of friendship and good will. In 37 years of news paper connection I have never on^e allowed my paper to make manifest a suggestion of revenge, and if there is one thing that has contributed more than arty other to my moderate suc cess as a publisher it is that the paper was on a higher plane than the level of getting even." It is true that no man may ever be great or even moderately great, or ever happy, who nourishes hatreds and who is obsessed with the idea of getting even with people. A news paper, to succeed and gain confidence, must have character. That rule ap plies to a newspaper as to individuals. The newspaper that renders service must fight and. as we know from ex perience, fighting makes enemies. But a newspaper that fights merely to gratify the lust for fighting, that cher ishes hatred, and uses its great power to satisfy personal revenge must ne cessarily lose hte confidence of public in its sense of justice. the WARNING AGAINST CRICKETS Westby, July 20—A warning against the crickets which chew the twine on grain sheaves and thus cause loss of the grain, is issued by Stewart Lock wood, extension entimoligist at the agricultural college of North Dakota, who says the insect is being reported in great numbers in Montana this year. Use new sisal twine, if possible, says Mr. Lockwood. Otherwise soak the twine in a solution of on part tur pentine and one part pine tar two or three days before using. DEMONSTRATION NEEDED She—"Do yuh love me, John?" He—"Shure." She—"Then why don't your chest go up and down like the man in the movies?"—Tar Baby. Read The Courier Advertisements. Congress and the Bonus. At this time a bill giving a further bonus to former service men of the United States is, of course, a political maneuver. Most people, including most of the senators and representa tives and even many of the former service men themselves, see the folly of such a payment now. In the Amer ican Legion itself there is compartive ly little demand for a further cash bonus, for many members who have considered the subject carefully feel that special forms of training and opportunities for settlement on land that is capable of development con stitute much more practicable help than a cash payment. The special consideration of the bill now is, there fore, a maneuver to enable members of both houses of Congress to point later to the fact that they favored generosity to the former service men. It is probable that the bill will not even come to a decisive vote, but that action will be defered in some quiet way that will put no one at a politi cal disadvantage later because of his vote. A cash bonus, involving a large is sue of new bonds, would be, as Andrew W. Mellon, Secretary of the Treas ury, has pointed out, a "load upon the whole people in the form of in creased charges, increased taxes, and increased cost of living." He might al so have shown that much of this load would fall on the 4,000,000 former ser vice men themselves, who constitute a large part of those who pay taxes directly or indirectly. In fact, in many cases the amount of the bonus would be more than counterbalanced by de preciation on bonds owned by the re cipients and by the increase in ex penses generally. Unouestionably the former service men deserve the best that the nation can give them but it requires intelli gent discernment to see what is best for them. Though they need training in work and in securing work, most of them do not need cash payments, which would not be enough to use as capital for agriculture or business, but which would, in many cases, be speedily spent for goods of only temporary value. In the meetings of the Ameri can Legion there will doubtless be con siderable debate on the whole sub ject; and in the end nearly every one concerned will see clearly that oppor tunity for progressive activity does not depend on a cash bonus, which would fully satisfy no one and which vS Vi£r> \VL£y&mm BANQUET Ice Cream Take Home a Quart Glasgow Drug Co. $625 /. o. b. Detroit Fordson Tractor Won general commendation at the Tillage Demonstration, July 11 It pulled heavy machines where horses failed, and was faster. You may have a private demonstration should you think of using one for summer fallow purposes. It Will Run Your Separtor Also SAN GROSSMAN would react as a burden on the form- ] er service men themselves. The près ent political maneuvering will prob ably do little but provide material for such debates.—Christian Science Moni- i tor. j o ! Make It Possible i Make It Pos b e. | A small scale model of a new gun has been tested in New York which is so revolutionary in conception that its ! possibilities as an instrument of war - ------ fare stagger the imagination. Its in ventor claims for it that it will shoot a five-ton shell from 200 to 300 miles. Its muzzle velocity is from one to five second. It is smokeless, practically noiseless and there is no recoil from the dischage. Artillery experts who witnessed the test and listened to the inventor's explanation of the princi ples involved were not only amazed but convinced. A German has invented a helicopter This Bank Succeeds Only By the Success of Its Customers Experienece in this locality proves that our dry land farmers who summer fallow and farm well, will succeed in the long run —all other will fail. The credit of farmers at this bank depends upon the number of Hcres of land well summer fallow ed each year and upon good di versified farming. The Glasgow National Bank Hmtmiii JEWELRY Ennnmr Everything that will appeal to the cultured taste. Beautiful trifles the most suitable for WEDDING, BIRTHDAY OR ANNIVERSARY PRESENTS Watches We have standard lines—guaranteed to give per fect satisfaction, in all styles and prices. A. M. St. Clair & Company which, according to experts who have studied it and watched it perform, will revolutionize aviation. It devel ops a speed of over 300 miles an hour, can ascend and descend \eiticall^, can remain stationary in the air and can not fall. Th * news which trickles through t - me t() time about what the L hemistry experts are doing in the developme nt of lethal gases makes the .. , f a j r i v creen. ' '. ... If we give our imagination a little play and consider what the character of the next war will be we will proba bly come to the conclusion that un less the world's statesmen are plumb crazy they will find a way to make another war impossible.—Minneapolis News . Read The Courier Advertisements.