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COVINS THK MORNING FIBXD ON TMt LOWIR COLUMBIA
PUBLItHKB FWLtn ' 'Sl
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ASTORIA, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1904.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
VOLUME LVIV.'" NO.
'- ..' '
TO CONORE S
President Presents Phases
: of National Charges..
FORESTRY IS AN ISSUE
Labor Question is Discussed at
Considerable Length in
REPRESENTATION FOR ALASKA
President Says Corporations' Attitude
Must Bo Ona of Publlolty Rathor
Than of Secrecy In tho Future.
Other Issues Diseuseed. ,....,,-
Wsshlnglon, Dec. I.
To tho Senate and House of Represen
tallVMi Tho nation continues to nJoy note
worthy prosperity. Such prosperity I
of courot primarily duo to tho high
Individual" average of our cltlsonahlp.
taken together with our great natural
ronourroa; but an Important factor
therein la tht working of our long
continued governmental policies. Tho
people have emphatically expressed
tholr approval of tho principles under
lying the polltlea, and their desire
' that these principles bo kept substan
tlnlly unchanged, although of course
applied In a progressive aplrlt to meet
The enlargement of erope of the
functions of tho national government
required by our development as a na
tion Involves, of course. Increase of ex
pense; and tho period of proaperlty
through which tho country la passing
Jusllfles expenditures for permanent
Improvements fur greater than would
bo wise In hard times. Battle shlpa
and forts, publlo buildings, and Im
proved waterways are Investments
which should be made when wo havo
the money, but abundant revenues and
a largo surplus alwaya Invito extrava
gance, and constant care ehould be
taken to guard against unnecessary
Increase of tho ordinary oipenaea of
government. The cost of doing gov
ernment business should bo regulated
with the sumo rigid scrutiny as tho cost
of doing a private business.
Capital and Labor.
In the vust and complicated mecha
Ism of our modern civilised life the
dominant note la the noU of Industrial;
Ism: and the relations of 'capita! and
labor, and especially of organised capi
tal and organised labor, to enoh other
and to the public at large come second
In Importance only to the Intimate
questions of fnmtly life. Our peculiar
form of government, with Its hnrn dl-1
vision of authority: between, the nation
mid the several states, has been on the
whole far more advantageous to our
development than a more strongly cen
tralised government. But It Is undoubt
edly resionslblo for much of the diffi
culty of meeting with adequate legisla
tion the new problems presented by the
total change In Industrial conditions
on this continent during tho last half
proved exceedingly dlfflcult, and in
many cases Impossible, to get unan
imity of wise action among the various
states on these subjects. From the very
nature of the case this Is especially
true of the laws' affecting the employ
ment of capital lg hugs masses.
With regard to labor the problem is
no less Important, but It Is simpler.
As long a the'states retain the pri
mary coptrol of the police power the
circumstances must be altogether ex
treme which require Interference by
the federal authorities.
I helleve that under modern Indus
trial conditions ft Is often necessary,
and even where not necessary It Is ,'et
often wise, that there should be organ
isation of labor In order better to se
cure the rights of yle Indl'vlduaWwage-
' worker. All encodragenjent should be
given to any such organlBfttfon, so
long as it is conducted with a due and
decent regard for the rights of others
There are In this country some labor
unions which havo habltually.and other
labor unions which havo ofteri,) been
'. among the . mtxti effectlv agents In
working for good1 VWxelislirtP ' nd ' for
uplifting tho condition of those whose
welfare should bo closest to our hearts.
Ttuf when any labor union seeks Im
flrhper ends, or seeks to achieve proper
ends by Improper means, all good citi
zens and more especially all honorable
publlo servants must oppose tho wrong
doing as resolutely as they would op
pose tho wrongdoing pf any great cor
poration. Of course any violence,
brutality, or corruption, should not for
one moment be' tolerated. Wie-workers
have an entire right to organise
and by all peaceful and honorable
means to endeavor to persuade their
fellows to Join with, tbem In organi
sations. They havo a legal right, which,
according to clrcumatances, may or
may not be a moral right, to refuse to
work In company with men who decline
to Jot nthelr organisations. They have
under no circumstances the right to
commit violence upon those, whether
capitalists or wage-workers, who re
fuse te support their organisations, or
who side with those with whom they
are at odds; for mob rule Is Intoler
able In any form.
When we come to deal with groat
corporations tho need for the govern
ment to act directly Is far greater than
In tho cane of labor, because great cor
porations can become such only by en
Interstate commerce, and Interstate
commerce la peculiarly the field of the
general government. It la an absurd
ity to expect to eliminate the abuses
In great corporations by state action.
It Is difficult to be patient with an argu
ment that such matters should be left
to tho states, because more than one
state pursues tho policy of creating on
easy terms corporations which are
never operated Within that state at all,
but In other states whose laws they
Ignore. The national government alone
can deal adequately with theae great
corporations. ' '7 ' ' .
A recent speech by the president of
one of our great railroad systems to
the, employes of that system contains
(Continued on Page Four.)
SENATE IN SESSION
Hears the Reading of President
PENNYPACKER ON MORALS
If Senator Knox Is a Good Bey Ho Can
Have His Job Until tho Moot
ing of tho Next Legislature
Washington, Dec. $. The senate was
In session more than two hours today,
and In addition to listening to the read
ing of the president's message, received
the-preliminary report of the merchant
marine commission, also witnessing
tho Induction of Senator Knox and
Crane to office,;' ',',. . . t , j
" The reading of the commissions of
the two senators was attended with
more , than ordinary Interest on ac
count ojf tfleV ' prominence, -and ,jthe
senatofsgeneFafiy, did not fall to note
tho peculiar wording of Governor Pen
nypacker'a communication in which he
conferred the office of senator upon Mr.
Knox, empowering him to hold it with
all emoluments and prlvelegea until the
next meeting of the legislature of the
state with tho proviso; "If he shall so
long behve himself well."
Following this, tho presidential nomi
nations were referred to the appropriate
committees. The nominations were as
Attorney genera), William H. Moody,
Massachusetts. . 1 f
, Postmaster general, Robert J.
Wynne, Pennsylvania !
Secretary of the navy, Paul Morton,
Illinois. ' , - .
( Secretary commerce and labor, Victor
J. Metcalf, California.
Consul at Canton, China, Henry B.
Judge district court, Alaska, Royal
A. Ounnlson, New York.
rhlef Justice supreme court, Hawaii,
Wdltvi V. Frear, Hawaii.
Commission Indian affairs, Francis
E. Leupp, District of olumbla.
Governor Alaska, John Q. Brodln,
Alaski . .
Surveyor general of Alaska, William
U Distill, Illinois.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., will take a
rest. He will not have a monopoly on
that Basure, - however, as his Bible
Class wtll get 'one, too.'
Federal Jury Finds Against
Land Fraud Defendants.
MARIE WARE EXEMPTED
McKinleyand Confederates Now
' Face a Term in State's
Prison. ' '"' '
HENEY ROASTS THE DEFENSE
Jury Only Requires 35 Minutes In Its
Deliberation and Returns a Verdict
Soon so a Ballot Can Bo
Portland, Dec. ' I. In almost record
time the Jury In the federal court this
afternoon returned a verdict against
the principal defendants In the land
frauds trial, and the famous case came
to an end. '
Mario Ware, upon tho Instruction of
the court, was exonerated, but 8. A. D.
Puter. Horace O. McKlnley, Emma
Watson and D. W. Tarpley stand con
victed of conspiracy to defraud the
United States government.
Day commenced with a closing argu
ment, and then followed In the behalf
of the government.' Forover two hours
Heney spoke without ceasing, and the
defendants writhed under tho scoring
he received from the prosecuting at
torney, pregnant as his remarks were
with bitter sarcasm and denunciation
for the prlaoners and their attorneys.
The attorneys for tho defense came
In for their share of excoriation for the
manner In which they havo conducted
helr case, and, step by step, fact by
fact, Heney analysed the pertinent
points In the case and his argument will
make him famous In the annals of
criminal trial In Portland. His argu
ment was closed by an earnest appeal
to the Jury to return a verdict against
the guilty defendants, and he asked
that none bo spared, and that no cog
nisance bo taken of tho fact that
among them were women. Mrs. Wat
son was one of the accused persona
It waa noon when Heney finished.
At 1 o'clock Judge Bellinger delivered
his charge to the Jury, and In It he
consumed but -ten mlnutea The Jury
retired to deliberate end at J: SO they
"Gentlemen," taked the court, "have
you agreed upon a verdict?"
"Wo have, your honor," and the bail
iff handed tho verdict to tho court who
passed It to the clerk.
"We, the Jury," read the clerk, "find
the defendants, Emma U Watson, 8,
A. D. Puter.'. Horace Q, McKlnley, D.
W- Tarpley and Frank H. Wolgamut
guilty of the crime of conspiracy to de
fraud the government of a part of the
public land township south II, range
7 east, aa charged. Wo find defendant
Mario L. Ware, not guilty."
"Is that your verdict, gentlemen?"
asked the court.
"It la," waa the reply of the fore
man, and the long trial was a thing
of the past.
In his address Heney said:
"Now we come to another phase of
the situation. We .brought Governor
Richards out here at great expense,
the defense saya, for tho purpose of
attacking Hermann. What wo did It
for was this, we wanted to prove that
Hermann transmitted the two false
affidavits which Puter and Watson In
troduced at Washington, and that Mrs.
Watson was living with Puter.
"All of this talk about 1100,000 prose
cutions la absurd," declared Mr. Heney,
taking up another phase of the de
fense's argument. "We have ' brought
here any person we deemed necessary
because the government of the United
States Is In earnest In this case for the
purpose of stopping the robbery of Us
public lands, and not tor the purpose
of convicting these defendants for the
mere sake of securing a conviction.
"The defense," thundered Mr. Heney,
"saked us why we didn't get after the
big cortKratlon whonv It was stated,
haff'Tobbed the country' of more land
than theso defendants ever thought of.
We propose to stop the stealing of
public lands whether the conspirators
be railroads, or United Htateo senators
or surveyor generals, or governors, or
congressmen, or corporations. And If
the actions of these defendants are but
a cloak to conceal the operations of a
corporation, wo wilt find It out.
"Now let us come to the next thing,"
continued Mr. Heney, his eyes flash
ing and his tone that of a man in
deadly earnest. "It is charged here by
the defense that I have unnecessarily
dragged Into this case the private life
of the defendants. I say I, because I
want to assume the entire responsibil
ity for bringing that class of evidence
Into this case, I was to blame for It,
although John Hall would not say It -
They say It Is a shame and a dis
grace to bring the private Uvea of the
defendants to tho light when It was
unnecessary for our case. Gentlemen
of tho Jury, they even went eo far
aa to drag the name of Joel Ware Into
this case, a man who was loved by
everybody who knew him and whose
reputation for honor, honesty and In
tegrity was almost a proverb In the
community In which be lived. Gentle
men of the Jury, Joel Ware Is looking
down from heaven today crying for
vengeance upon the man who dragged
bis fair, young daughter down Into
the mire of crime and degradation. I
refer to Horace McKlnley.
"There Is no man on the face of this
earth who deplores more than I that
the name of any woman should be
dragged into a criminal case. Why
was It done, you ask yqureelvee, and
the defense asks the aame question.
Why was It brought Into this cose, and
why have tho defense kept away from
It? What Is the story?
"Puter and Watson were In Washing
ton making false affidavits. She said
that seh had borrowed money and was
about to lose the lands she had mort
gaged. We had to show that Watson
and Porter were the same person, and
(Continued on Page S.)
SL Petersburg Officials Say the
tnd Is Not Yet.
BATTLESHIPS BELIEVED SAFE
Japanese Reports of Losses of Ruoaians
Before 203-Meter Hill Ridioulod
Aa Being Impossible Other
St Petersburg, Dec. 5. Although tho
war office and the admiralty are still
without direct news from Port Arthur,
a confidence In the ability of the fort
ress to hold out Is still expressed.
Reports from Toklo of the shelling
of battleships and the recapture of 300
Meter hill are considered misleading.
According to high officer of the gen
eral staff, warships would be able to
seek shelter from firing from 203-Meter
hill by anchoring behind Antse hill
Reports that the Russians are clear
ing the mine fields outside the harbor
Is taken as evidence that the squadron
Is preparing to move out to this anchor-'
age to secure,-, the protection of the
Toklo's. reports of the loss of 3000
men In the attempt to recapture 203
Meter hill Is ridiculed in view of the
counter attacks being made when the
loss of 300 men would have crippled
Toklo, Dec. 6 (Noon.). The Rus
sians are nightly attacking 203-Meter
hill In a determined endeavor to retake
the summit of the ground In conten
The JnoaneBe are Increasing their
defenses on the position and have suc
ceeded so for In repelling all the as
saults. The Russians have suffered the
heaviest losses, and It Is estimated
that they have sacrificed 2000 men in
an effort to recapture the ground,
which the Japanese are confident
In their ability to hold. Observations
Indicate that the garrison la feeling
the shortage of men.
The works against the forts on Sung
Shu mountain, eastward, are progres
sing speedily and all Indications point
to. an early general assault although
the date when It will begin Is kept
secret It Is "expected- that the next
general assault will prove successful.
Found Unconscious in the
Streets of Portland.
NOT IDENTIFIED AS YET
No Evidence of Poison Is Re
vealed by the Physicians'
GIRL WORE GOOD CLOTHING
Case lo a Mystery as no Identification
Could Be Secured During the .
Day Case Way Be
One of Assault,
Portland, Dec C Unconscious, but
bearing no marks of violence or Indica
tions of having taken drugs, a woman
was found lying beneath the trees at
Beech and Gantenbeln streets at 7:30
o'clock this morning. She has not been
Identified. She has been token, to Good
Samaritan hospital and it is thought
she will recover. ' , .
At a late hour this afternoon the wo
man gave signs of regaining consrious-
neas. There is nothing about her
whereby she can' positively be Identl
fled and the authorities are waiting im
patiently for her to tell the story of
how she camp to be in the plight In
which she was discovered.
A. H. Boyland, genera agent for the
International Harvester Company, who
resides with his father-in-law, T. C.
Boom, on the opposite corner from
the vacant lot where the woman lay,
found her when he started to his office
this morning. She waa carried Into the
house, where she waa attended by Dr.
W. B. Hamilton of 430 Williams ave
nue. When found, the woman was suffer
ing light convulsions, but her clothing
was In no way disarranged. It waa at
first thought she had taken poison.
but examination of the contents of the
stomach failed to reveal the presence
of any drug. She appeared stupefied
. The woman was well-dressed and ap
parently was enjoying prosperity. On
her handkerchief, which had a black
border, waa worked "Orgele." About
her neck ' was a short gold chain, to
which was attached a gold locket On
this locket were the isitlals, "F. H.'
Those marks were the only things
about her that supplied a clew to her
. She Is a woman about 25 years old
and waa wearing a gold wedding ring.
tier hands are calloused, as though she
had be&n doing hard work. Her shoes
are new,' possibly being worn for 'the
first time.' Her hair had been' bleached.
She was' wearing a dark,' heavy qpat,
nearly new, with a ' silk shawl over
her. shoulders.' 'her headgear 'was ' a
crush traveling hat and when 'found
she was using that for a headrest 4
' In her purse, whlph lay beside her,-
was found $4.20,' but no papers of any
kind. The laundry mark on her col
lar appeared to be "F.'AVl." !
A careful search of the lot In the
vicinity of where she was found did
not reveal anything.
"I think the woman will regain con
sciousness," said Dr. Hamilton this
morning. "I gave her medicine to stop
the convulsions and her pulse Is con
siderably better. She may not revive
A large number of people from Up
per Alblna called at the Boom home to
see If they could Identify the woman,
but no one knew her. She is now at
Good Samaritan hospital.
Fifteen Killed at Football.
Des Moines, Dec 6. Calvin Farmer,
of Sac City, Iowa, seventeen years old,
is dead as the result of Injuries re
ceived in a football game with the
team from Lake City on Thanksgiving
day. The lad was playing left half
back, and was thrown while carrying
the ball. Injuring his stomach. PerlT
tonttis developed later. '
Fourteen deaths from -football had
occurred this year, Op to yesterday.
Farmer's Is the fifteenth. Thirteen fa
talities were caused by the game last
BIQ DIAMOND STEAL.
Vancouver Msn Victimized in Sum of
, Ton Thousand Dollar.
Vancouver, B. C. Dec A. Lowe, a
Jeweler, reported to the chief of police
today that his store had been robbed
of ten thousand dollars worth of dia
monds last night He stated that ha
believed that he knew who had taken
the gems and thought the man would
probably go to Seattle whither be has
followed the suspected man.
- Handsome .Gift
New York, Dec, VA full length
portrait of Baron Arnold Leroy, exe
cuted by the great painter, Anton Van
Dyck, has been presented by George
A. Hearn to the Metropolitan Museum
of this city., It is valued at' 145.000
regarded as one of the most Important
and Interesting examples of the great
Dutch painter. The canvas was Im
ported about two and a half years ago.
It was probably painted about 130 and
belonged , to the artists so-called
Genoese period. '
Argentine Students. .
Ithaca, N. T. Dec. I. Two members
of the International Council for the
promotion of Womens" Emestlna and
Elvira Lopes, of the Argentine repub
lic, have a rived at Cornell, where they
will study the system of coeducation
of women. They will remain as stu
dents In the university for several
weeks, when they will go te Harvard to
study the system there, r '
Secretary Shaw says money is cheap
and plentiful. He evidently had been
circulating around among his party
friends who had Just collected their
election bets. : ; ' '
MORE RACE SUICIDE
i : r .-
Germany Is Committing it at
BIRTH RATE ALARMS OFFICIALS
Statistical Bureau Says the . Outlook
for Satisfactory Flight of the
Storks Is Anything But
.Berlin, Dec . Official rtatistles
covering 24 years' show a steady and '
noticeable decrease in the birth rate to
the large cities In Germany; in slte of
the fact that the marriage rate ia
higher than In cities of less than 1C,
009 inhabitants and in the country.
Berlin Which passed the two million
mark In December, 'presenta the heav
iest decrease In the birthrate In the
period from' 189 to 1900 It averaged
28.1 against 44 S from 1875 to 1830.' .
The highest birth rate is In tho great
Industrial centers'-of ' the Rheinlsh
province. In Essen-the average ia 47.7
and in Cologne 40.1. The manage
rate ia highest in Berlin, . 21.1 nd in
the other great-cities H Am 17.J1 per
thousand .v t. c4.i
1 The statistical -bureau .. points, v. out
that thla portends a considerable, fl- ,
ling oft In the .. national - .birth ,rate,
tho decline, ia the great cities .with en
increasing proportion of people , and, a
high marriage. rate are most important
In the general effect , ,-., .
New Tork Silver, E 1-8.
.' Union Pacific, 114, preferred 5.
Chicago December wheat opened at
$111 S-8; closed at 11.10 7-8; barley
4251c; flax $1.13; northwestern,
San Francisco Cash wheat, $1.50.
Portland Wheat for export Walla
Walla, 80c; bluestem, 85c; milling,
Walla Walla, 83c;. bluestem, 88c; val
ley, 8714c. For eastern markets, Wal
la Walla, 85c; bluestem. 0c.
Tacoma Wheat, bluestem, 89c; club,
Tacoma Wheat, club, 81c
A man has recently died in Missouri
at the advanced age, of 104. It Is stated
that he .was an "Old Hickory" demo
crat and that his life waa cut short by
the election returns from, Missouri'.