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1 MARSHALL MoCLURE, Publisher. JAMESTOWN, DAKOTA CURRENT TOPICS AN old Yorkshire woman described her happy circumstances thus: "I've a nice little cottage, a chest of drawers and a pianny, a lovely garden and some flow ers in my window, and (waxing warm) my husband's dead, and the very sunshine of 'eav'n seems to fall on me." THERE are a great many women who are not fit to be wives or mothers who have no aptness for either vocation. But there is work enough in the world lor all such noble worir, renumerative work The name old maid has ceased to be a reproach to woman who have fouod their true vocation outside of marriage. JUSTICE CLIFFORD, it is stated, will never again take up his public duties, He is able to ride, but takes compara tively little interest in what goes on about him, and shows little mental ac tivity. His family wished to take him to his Portland home for the winter, but he emphatically refused to leave Wash ington. As it is thought that he will not resign, his seat on .the bench may remaim vacant as long as he lives. THE memorial cross ot the Prince Im perial, on Chiselhurst Common, is made of gray granite, on which are sculptured the imperial bees. On one side is in scribe this sentence from the Prince's will: "I shall die with a feeling of pro found gratitude to her Majostlv the Queen of England and for all the Royal family, and for the country where I have received during eight years such cordial ^hos pitality." DCKE ERNST, of Saxe Coburg Ootha, elder brother of the the late Prince Al bert ot" England, is an accomplished mu sician and a composer, whose operas have been well received in London, Paris. Milan and elsewhere in Europe. All his servants are musicians. His valet is a good violinist, and often accompanies the duke as he lies in bed in the morning playing upon the flute. The duke fre quently leads in private concerts in which his servants are the perlormers. VICE-PRESIDENT WHEELER'S house at Malone, N. Y., is an unpretentious mansion ef red brick, surrounded by a spacious white painted verandah and set in an ample lawn. It is handsomely furnished and has many valuable ob jects of art within it. The Vice-Presi dent is not wealthy, but is a man of comfortable lortune. He is highly esteemed by his fellow-townsmen. PRINCE KOLAND BONAPARTE is to mar ry Mile. Blanc, principal heiress to the enormous fortune amassed by the late high priest of rouge-ct-noir. Prince Roland holds a commission in the Re publican army as sub-lieutenant ot ar tillery, and is totally destitute of private means. By his marriage with Mademoiselle Blanc he will become the wealthiest member of the house of Bonaparte. 9 The New-England Farmer prints the following suggestive item ot experience: "I paid $1.25 per day for digging pota toes, which cost 6 cents per bushel. I told two of the men I would give them 5 cents per bushel if they would do the work. They took the job and went to wook, and dug and pitted 100 bushels per day, and went home sometimes by 4 o'clock in the afternoon. The farmer saved 1 cent per bushel or $1 per day the men doubled their wages." THE rate at which the war debt of the United states has been reduced is with out parallel in the history of finance. Something like a thousand million dol lars of the debt has been wiped out, the total now being less than two thousand million dollars. At this rate of reduc tion, without making allowance for in creased wealth and consequent revenue from a steadily increasing population, the national debt could be paid off in less than twelve years. THE smilax vine, though in general use in Boston for many years, is of a recent date in New York, where it has been known as "Boston vine." Its intro duction there is said to have been brought about by Christine Nilason at the great fair in aid of the French sufferers by the Franco-Prussian war. The Swedish nightingale, while tending a flower taole soli her head-dress of roaes and smilax for $150, and the vine at once became the rage. IT is rather strange that one of- the youngest church edifices in America has the oldest steeple, but such is the case. An Episcopal church was erected at Tacoma, Washington Territory, recently. The building is of logs, and for a tower they have utilized a tall fir tree, which has been cut oft forty feet from the ground. On top has been fixed a cross and bell. The rings of the tree show that it is nearly three hundred years old. THE Rev. Joseph Cook was entertained at breakfast in London ten days ago by the treasurer of the Christian Young Men's Associativa, a large number ot the lights ot British nonconformity being present. Mr. Spurgeon wrote: "I should regard it as a great pleasure to accept the invitation to meet so distinguished and useful a teacher. But, alas, I am an in .£••• valid, and must be denied many of the of social lite for a while. Permit me, however, to charge you with a mes sage of grateful respect for Mr. Cook, tor #sjj whoee appearance at this juncture I have blessed God many times. Right heart! ly I hope that England may be favored with some ot those confirming words which have been so useful to the stag germg, and those confounding arguments whifh have scattered the designing, r» THE NEWS IN BRIEF Condensed Daily from the Most Reliable As Press and Special Telegrams. Suicide. Miss Jennie Spencer, daughter of Richard Spencer, secretary of the gas works, Burlington, la., suicided by hanging the lSih She moved in the first circles and was highly respected. Mental depression the cause. U. S. Senator. Qov. Wiltz, of Louisiana, has filled the vacancy the United States senate from that State, caused by the death of Judge Spoflord, by the appointment of Hon. T. C. Manning, ex-chief justice of the State supreme court. Fire. Twe-thirds of the buildings in New port, Ark., (on the Iron Mountain railroad) were destroyed by fire Tuesday evening, the 16th, making about 300 families homeless. The property consumed is estimated at $300, 000. Snow Storm] A Wilmington, N. C. telegram of Nov. 15, says: After almost continuous rain for twenty-four hours, snow commenced falling about 7:30 this morning, and is still falling. A heavy snow storm is reported at Fayette vilie and Goldsboro. Purchase of a Railroad. The Denver Times of Nov. 17, announc es a telegram received from New York, which states that Jay Gould has purchased the Den ver «& South Park railroad, the purchase money, something over $2,600,000, having been paid over yesterday. Georgia U. S. Senator. Hon. Joseph E. Brown. U. S. Senator from Georgia by appointment of the gover nor to fill vacancy, was eleeted to the position for the term of six years by the legislature the 17th. The vote stood, Brown 146, A. Lawton, 64. America Wins: The sculling match over the Thames champoinship course, Eng., between Edward Hanlon of Canada, and Edward Trickett, of New South Wales, both champions of their respective sections, for the championship of the world, the sportsmen's challenge cup, and £400, resulted in the easy victory for Hanlon. Held to the Grand Jury. In the matter of the prosecution of Kenwood Philps, charged with criminal libel of Gen. Garfield in the publication of the forged Morey Chinese letter, Justice Noah Davis, of the New York supreme court, ren dered his decision the 14th, holding Philp to the grand jury, accused to stand committed in default of bail. To Hang. Warrants were issued at Harrisburg, Pa., on the morning of Nov. 10th, by Gov. Hoyt, for the execution on Thursday, January 6th, of Daliet T. Sullivan, who murdered Josie Irvin in Philadelphia Patrick hayes, who murdered his wife in Philadelphia, and George Smith and Catherine Miller, who mur." dered Andrew Miller, the husband of the lat ter in Lycoming county. Winter Freight Tariff. The winter all rail joint through freight tariff between Chicago and St. Paul and Min neapolis, went into effect Monday the 16th, as follows: First class, 76cent? second class, 60 cents third class, 45 cents fourth class, 36 cents. Class A, 30 cents class B, 26 cents class C, 22% cents class D, 20 cents emi grant movables per car, $60.00, Postal Arrangement With France. Special postal arrangements have been executed with France, increasing from the 1st of January, 1881, the limits of weights av.d dimensions for packets or samples of merchandise exchanged in the mails, to twelve ounces in weight, and the following dimensions: Twelve inches in length, eight inches in width, and four inchas in depth. Appeal for Help. An appeal to the public has been made for aid to the sufferers by the coal mine ex plosion at Stellarton, N. S. The appeal says: A terrible calamity has happened in this place Two disasters in succession have been the means of killing flfry men and boys, and leav ing thirty-three widows and one hundred and tea orphans. Seven hundred men, represent ing a population of 2,000 people, ate thrown out of employment in the face of a Canadian winter. PainfalSaicide. A Bradford, Ind., telegram ot Nov. 17, has the following: James B. FergusoD, a well to-do farmer living about four miles weot of this place, hung himself this morning in an out-building attached to his farm. The cause of the suicide is supposed to be the seduction of his handsome and acconlished daughter by a young man named Kerr. Young Kerr mar ried her last evening and after the ceremony left for parts unknown. Railways Completed. Monday, the 15th, saw the completion of two important links in the Minne sota system of railways, viz: That of the Nebraska line, by which the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha company is given direct and independent con nection with Omaha, and of the Wisconsin & Minnesota railroad, between Abbottsford and Eau Claire, by which a new line of connection is opened between Minnesota and central Wisconsin and Lake Michigan ports. Bank Failures. Great exeitement exits at Hackenseck, N. J., over the failure of two of the leading banking institutions of the city which closed their doors Saturday, the 13th. During the day the doors of the closed banks were be sieged by throngs of men and woman, many of whom have lost the accumulations of years. In connection with one of the failures, that of the Bank of Bergen county, it transpires that John J. Barry, cashier, has embezzled about $120,000. To the Black Hills. The Chicago & Northwestern railway commenced running trains from Chicago to Peere on the Missouri river, Monday'the 16th, connecting with Deadwcod from the latter point by the stages of the Northwestern Stage and Transportation company. The distance from Peere to Dead wood is 170 miles. Through tickets from St Paul ani Minneapolis to Dead wood will be as follows: First class $4205 third class, $29.06. First class tickets from St Paul to Peere will be $17.06. Trial of Nihilist*. A St. Petersburg telegram of the 12th says: All the nihilists tried fot being impli cated in plots against the life of the czar have been found guilty. Five were sentenced to de«th and seven to hard labor in the mines, the terms ranging from life to fifty years. Three women were sentenced to ten years' servitude. The court announced that it would intercede for mitigation in the case of the women and the case of one man con demned to the mines. Iaeland. The work of harvesting crops on the Baycott farm, near Baliimobe, Ireland, by the volunteer relief expedition of Orasgeman,was commenced the 13th, and though there was great excitement, no outbreak occurred. Troope remain in camp near by to protect the laborers should trouble arise. Wheelerja land agent, was shot dead near Oola, county •Limerick, and the steward of Col. Cooper of Dunbaden was shot and wounded in two places, during the day. Cold in Colorado. A dispatch from Denver, Colorado, of Nov. 17, says the weather throughout the State the night previous, was extremely cold. A heavy [snow fell Nov. 16. Sleighing was good, but interfered with by the epizootic. At 8 o'clock A.M., Nov. 13, the thermometer in Denver stood at 16 below, remaining below all day and at eight below at night. In £the mountains in the mines mercury ranged from 25 to 39 below according to location. Breck inridge 39, Leadville 20 below. Attacked by Indians. Intelligence was received at military headquarters, St Paul, the 13th, of an attack by Indians on a detachment of troops from Fort Keogh under Lieut. Kislinberry, the 7th inst. The attack was made near the mouth of the Musselshell, the Indians firing from ambush, killing one horse and wounding an other, the men escaping unhurt. The troops fortified themselves behind a log stockade while a scout hurried back to Fort Keogh for reinforcements, and it is believed by depart ment officials that the elieving force reached the beleaguered party in time to prevent any serious disaster. Died on His Wife's Doorstep. At 8 o'clock Sunday morning, the 14th Madame E. Somers, the fashionable modiste of Cleveland, O., was awakened by the ring ing of the door-bell. Going to the window, she saw her husband, Thos. W. Somers, from whom she was divorced last May, on account of drunkenness and cruelty, sitting leaning against the post. As he had threatened her life if she rocured a divorce, she sent a boy for the police, who, on their arrival, found the man dead, with a bullet hole in his head and a pistol by his side. Somers had carried out part of his threat, that if his wife procured a divorce he wonld dia on her door-step. Gen. Pope's Report. The report of Gen. Pope, commanding the military department of the Missouri, was made public the 13th. Speaking of the trouble with the Utes, the General gives it as his opinion that with the present military ar rangements and provisions of the agreement recently made, no trouble with them need be apprehended this winter. One serious cause of trouble with the Indians, the General says, has always been in relation to their food, and he recommends that agents be forbidden the punishment of and Indians effoits to control their actions, by withholding provisions from them. Mine Explosion. A terrific and fatal explosion occurred in the Ford coal mine at Stellerton, N. S., the 12th. The explosion completely closed the south side of the pit, in which it is estimated forty-four miners were confined with no pros pect of escape. A partial exploration discov ered a number of dead bodies and also a num ber of dead horses. Work in the other collier ies was suspended, the miners flocking to the scene of the disaster, but were unable to ren der any assistance on account of the precari ous condition of the pit. The origin of the explosion is unknown. Thirty-three of the missing men were married and most of them had large families. Death of Capt. Macy. Gov. Pillsbury, the 15th, received a telegram from Hudson, N. Y.( announcing the death of Capt. Coleman Macy the previ ous morning. Capt. Macy came to Minne sota in 1873, and in November of that year was appointed clerk of the executive department by Gov. Austin, a position he held throughout the successive administrations of Gov. Davis and Pillsbury until uly last, when he re signed on account of failing health and re turned to his old home in Hudson, N. Yj Capt. Macy was also for a portion of his resi dence in Minnesota, mustering officer of the State militia with the rank of Major. Capt. Macy was a courteous and accommodating gentleman and a most excellent and methodi cal clerk, qualities that won him many friends who deeply regret his death. His disease was consumption, for .which he first took up a residence in Minnesota. The Albion Mine Horror. Later details of the coal mine explo sion in the Ford pit, at Stellarton, N. 8., the 12th, fully confirm the first reports. The la test estimates place the number of victims at fifty. During Saturday, the 13th several at tempts were made to explore the pit but the choke damp was too dense to allow a thor ough search, and only three dead bodies were recovered. The cause of the explosion re mains a mystery, the rescued reporting that hey were suddenly struck down, and know nothing more. The pit has been flooded to check the fire, so that no more bodies can be recovered for the present. The scene at Stel larton is described as plculiarly heartrending the blinds of every third or fourth house being down indicating the los3 of some member of the family. Those suddenly made widows have large families of small children, and great suffe rin£ is inevitable if generous as sistance is not promptly extended. Death from Coal Gas. 4 A telegram from Cleveland, O., says: When Daniel Burr, a watchman in a rati mill in the Eighteenth ward, left home for work last night his wife and three children were well and his 3-year-old daughter followed him to the gate to kiss him. When he returned his moraine: the house was locked and there was no signs of life. Climbing through a win dow, he was horrified to find the whole family lying senseless, with a powerful Oder of gas from the base-burner stove prevading the air. The little daughter, who last kissed him, was dead. Her mother and a 11-year-old daughter were on the bed and an infant on the floor, un conscious. A neighbor's daughter, visitingj was also insensible, and a woman friend of the family was sitting at the foot in a semi-coma tose condition. The last named may recover The others will probably die, Attemut to Break Jail. Sunday, the 14th, the Ramsey county jail was the seene of a daring attempt to break, jail on th« part of several of the prisoners there confined. As usual, between three and four o'clock in the afternoon, religious services were held in one of the corridors under the auspices of a band of christian ladies, assisted by one or two gentlemen. Some twenty-five prisoners were in attendance, all behaving themselves decorously. The services ended, the turnkey, Mr. Joseph Spiel, unbarred the heavy doorway leading into the corridor be tween the office and residence for theladies to depart As the ladies passed out, three prisoners eent from Hennepin county for safe keeping, rushed upon the turnkey, knocked him down and attempted to wrench the keys from him. A desperate struggle en sued, the Janitor assisting the turnkey, and all the prisoners watching the contest with the keenest interest In the meantime noise of the struggle had been heard outside and sheriff King with others, went to the help of his assistants, and the three attacking prison ers were sOon overcome and locked -up in se cure ceils to live on bread and water for a time in punishment, Turnkey Spiel was scratched about the face and sustained bruises on his bady, but was not serioasly Injured. BOWDODT has lately received gifts amounting to 8110,000. BK/GIUK had no gold coin until 1847. DIRE CALAMITY. Burning of the Minnesota Insane Asylnm at St. Peter—Thrilling Scenes and Fright ful X.oss of Life. The Minnesota hospital for the insane, locat ed at St. Peter, Nicollet county, was discovered to be on fire between 7 and 8 o'clock on the evening of the 16th. The fire began in the laundry in the basement of the north wing, and considering the substantial character of the building spread with great rapidity. The asylnm ia located a full mile from the oity proper, and the first news of the conflagration was given by Dr. Bartlett, super intendent of the asylum, who telephoned from the main to the temporary hospital, the latter building being in the heart of the city. The alarm was thee made general and the hand fire engine was hastened to the scene of the contlu gartion while the populaoe turned out en masse. Aid was summoned both from St. Paul and Mankato. A special train was started prompt ly from Mankato with an engine and 100 men, but iu St. Paul there was great delay in secur ing transportation, and it was 1a.m. before the train with steamer, hose cart and equip ments left the St. Paul depot. Meantime a terrible scene was in progress at the asylum. The patients already crazed were made doubly so by the alarm and excitement of the fire. The citizens gathered by the hundred and though terror stricken at the idea of several hundred lunatics being turned loose upon the community,worked manfully to save the patients. The wing in wbicb the fire was raging was occupied entirely by males, some of whom were found utterly ungovernable. Window gratings were broken and ladders erected to bring the victims out. As many as possible were bruught down the stairways. The ball doors and all means of exit were thrown open and two or three hundred availed themselves cf the opportunity to secure their liberty. How many refused to leave may never be known. The first reports indicate that forty or fifty lost their lives, but the later advices may reduce this. Those who escaped were in a pitiable condi tion, and illy prepared for the winter expos ure. Many of them were almost naked, bare foot and hatless, and pro'.aby as many as wero burned to death will be found to have perished by exposure. With the characteristics of in sane people they sought dark alleys, out-build ings, and by ways throughout the oity. Some took to the woods and very likely will never be beard from again. There was no means of se curing or caring for them, and they roamed at will. The death list from exposure, when add ed to those destroyed by fire, will make a fear ful aggregate. The flames appear to have been confined to the wing where they originated, though at one time it was thought that the whole magnificent structure would be utterly destroyed. While the flames were in progress, Wra. Schimmel, secretary of the board of trustees, telegraphed Gov. Pillsbury for aid in cariug for the burned out patients. The Governor called upon the railroad for cars and secuied the promise of transportation to remove the afflicted to St. Piul and Minneapolis, or ucb portion of them as could not be cared for at St. Peter. The building was begun in 1800, and was planned on such a magnificent scale that it cost over half a million to complete it. It had a capaoity for 65u patients and for months has been full to overflowing. The loss to the State is total there being no insurance on tho build ing or furniture. How it originated is still a mystery and may never be known, but be that as it may, the flames did effective service. Gen. Pillsbury promptly visited the scene of the disaster on the morning of the 16th. As many as possible were accommodated in tho mun building and south wing which escaped the destroying element. Temporary habitations were also found for many while those who Had escaped or perished lessened the number to be cared for. It will probably be several days be fore the loss of life can be known and it is not certain that it will ever be fully as certained.The deaths by exposure will probably leave it a matter of doubt forever, as to the exact number who perished in the flames. When the helpless and dangerous character of the inmates is considered,and the multitude of friends scattered far and wide,- utterly pow erless to aid, is taken into the account, the calamity is the greatest which ever befel ths State. The Day After the Fire. St. Peter was the Hcene of much excite ment and confusion the day after the fire, but there were no new events to record. The fire was completely confined to the north wing, leaving the south wing and the main building lor occupancy, and by crowding what remained of the build ing they were able to give at least temporary shelter to all who were" alive or had not escap ed. The death list is not known and cannot be until the debris is removed from the base ment. It is thought that not less than ten or more than twenty-five were burned to death. It is probably nearer the former than the lat ter figure. All day long Superintendent Bartlett was answering telegrams from friends inquiring relative to the safety of inmates. In, many cases he was obliged to give uncertain replies as the parties were missing, but might have wandered away and not absolutely have lost their lives. The origin of the fire seems likely to remain a mystery. The generally accepted theory is that it^caught from a leak in the gaspipe (gasoline beinc used). When it was discov ered the basement of the north wing was well on fire. This wing was 165 long with two re turns, 40x70 and 30x60. It contained 200 rooms an* was occupied by 270 mail patients. At least 200 were in peril of their lives, and that more were not destroyed is a wonder. Gov. Pillsbury, who visited the scene the morning after the fire, thinks tho building can be rebuilt for $100,000. There was also sev eral thousand dollars damage done to furni tuie in removing it from portions of the buildings which were not destroyed. Thjre being no insurance the loss is total. A meeting of the trustees was held during the day. and it was decided to transfer twenty patients to Rochester, and a«k St. Paul and Minneapolis to each take twenty. One poor fellow was literally roasted alive He occupied a room in the third story of the corner where the fire started. During the fire he stood peering through the bars of his liviDg grave with a seem'ngr calmness and fortitude of a mirlyr. The flames crept stealth ily u«ward. and he watchsd their aiv*ncc with the keenest interest and composure. He seemed intatuated at the prospects of a fiery and awful death. Rid, sinuous shaf-.s of fire darted up and almost licked his face still he stood unimpassioned, merely dodging the flames by a sharp turn of the bead. At last the cage became filled with flames and he staid there unmoved, ths center of a fiery fur nace. Suddenly there was a crash, and be went down with the debris without uttering a groan. During the exeitement of the fire a large number of the male patients wandered or ran off. The exact number is net yet kcown, aad probably will not be definitely sscer tained until some time to-morrow, when, the confasion having subsided, the officers will have a chance to take account of stocx. The number is variously estimated at from seven ty-five to a hundred and twentv-five. Men were at once seat mat to scour the" country in search of the estrays and succeeded in finding a num.' ber of them in the city, some in adjacent farm housos, while at Kasota nine were fouud in a body, all evidently highly pleased at what they considered a huge frolic. Two men were found by a farmer about four miles from tho asylum, with their feet and hands badly froz en. Their names were John Ford and Henry Miles. They may have to suffer amputation. They received immediate and kind attention. Several others had suffered frost bitus, but they were not of a serious nature. It is esti mated that there are now from thirty-five to forty patients missing, some of whom may be lying dead beneath the ruins. Dead and Missing. The official list of the missing and dead iurnished by the hospital of ficials, is as follows: 8. 8. Pruder, Lin coln county, probably fatally burned. C. Brennan, Washington county, missing believed to be safe. Columbus McMullen, Scott county, probably burned. Wm. Cal lophie, Ramsey county, probably burned. James Clinch, Anoka county, probably burned. Charles R. Barber, Nobles county, missing. Amos C. Alley, Wright county, missing. Carl Ransheimer, Scott county, sick probably burned. Jacob E. Egfeller, Nicollet county, missing thought to have escaped and eloped. T. Larson Ross, Rock county, missing. Pat rick E. Fahey, Ramsey county, missing. Jo seph M. Sloppal, Blue Karth county, missing Marcelle Gogyna, demented, Hennepin county, probably burned. Hans Anderson, Brown county, missing probabiy burned. Jonathan P. Abraham, Hennepin county, res cued from buildingbut died soon after. John K. Thorwildson, Fillmore ._county, rescued from building and died next day. Henry Dickman, Dakota county, probably burned had resided in hospital fourteen years. John Gills, Wright county, rescued aDd died soon after from exhaustion. Jame3 McKay, Carl ton county, missing. Ephraim D. Gordon, Rice county, missing demented. An drew Oleson, Scott eounty, demented, missing. Lenorc Dube, (man), Hennepin coun ty, epileptic, probably burned. Edward Ma honey, Todd county, probably burned. Pe ter Peterson, Nobles county, epileptic, miss ing. Daniel O'Brien, Le Seuer county, missing. Patrick Clancy, Le Seuer county, admitted last week, probably burned. Gatharina Hohl man, Ramsey county, missing, but probably safe. THE WHEAT CROP. Production of th» World, and the Surplus and Wants of Different Countries. Bradstreet's commercial agency, in New York, publishes a review of the wheat crop of the world in which it olaims that 455,G49, 000 will be tho total yield in this country. The total for the New England States aggregates 4,100,000 bushels for the Middlo States, 36,595,000, and for the Southern States, 41,929,000. The summary gives the yield in Ohio as 09,450,000 bushels in Indi ana, 68,000,000 bushels in Minnesota, 42, 020,000 bushels in Nebraska, 9,130,000 bushels. The final returns of ether States ire as follows: Bushels Wisconsin 33,375,000 Illinois 52,500,000 Iowa 45,GOO,OOC Missouri 25,750,000 Kansas.- 19,750,000 Total for all the Western States. .323,675,00(1 THE YIEI/D OF TUB ENTIRE I'AOIPIO COAST is 39,500,000, an excess of 10,000,000 over the first estimate of Ootober 9. This resnlt after deducting for food and seed, will permit the exportation of about 30,000,000 bushels. The exports of flour and wheat from San Francisoo to all foreign countries sinoe Jan uary 1,1880, comprise 190,907 barrels of Hour and 2,155,455 centals of wheat. For the same period last year the exports amount ed to 128,398 barrels of wheat and 4,274,247 bushels of wheat, a marked falling off. The quality of the Dakota wheat is, as iu other years, extraordinarily good. Final returns warrant the conclusion that the yield of Colsrado and the Territories, including Washington, will aggregate 13,850,000 bushels, nearly all of which is to the credit of Dakota. The needs of the country for food, seed, etc., will ba about 205,000,000 bnsheis. On this basis there will be left A MARGIN of 190,724,000 bushels for export to supply the demands of foreign countries. Early in the season, when exonerated estimates of the wheat crop gained wide acceptance, a be lief wa3 entertained that the surplus of wheat would bo very largely in excess of any de mand likely to arise. The latest and most trustworthy returns regarding the surplus aud deficiency of the wheat-producing and wheat-cousuming countries of the world are nt hand. The surplus amount to 254,250, 000 and the deficiencies to 227,500,000, leav ing an apparent surplus pro ductions of 27,250,000. Hesard ing countries producing a surplus for ship ment it should be noted that the out turn of British India, Chili, and Australia is, as yet, an uncertain element in the problem, al though the estimates are amply large. Not withstanding the general failure of the llns sian crop, that country is included among the exporting countries. It needs to import grain, but rye and Indian corn will be bronght in to supply the need, while wheat will.undoubtedly be exported to the nomi nal extent of 5,000,000 bushels. The aver age annual WHEAT PBOOCCT OP THE UNITED KINGDOM. has been 745,360,000 bushels. The average of the annual importation haS been 115,524, 000. The importations of wheat last year amounted to 131,200,000 bushels. The esti mate of 120,000,000 bnsheis for wheat im portation of Great Britain dnring the cur rent year is borne out by oiSoial returns of tho British board of trade. In ordinary years Germany imports 12,000,000 bnsheis of wheat In the light of these facts we estimate the proba ble importation of wheat into the German empire at 20,000.000 bush. And these figures will, it is believed, not be far ont of the way when receipts oome to be figured up. Ths apparent surplus of wheat, after the world's need is supplied, is so small that, considering the probability of consumption at home and abroad increasing rather then decreasing, there is no good reason to oount on deolining Drioes. Grain and Produce Markets. St. Paul Market Barley, No. 2 70c Butter, ch*ice 19@22c Corn, No. 2, 40c Eggs 20@2lc Flour, straight xxxx |firstname.lastname@example.org Hides, green salt 9£c Mei-s Pork $15.S0@16.U0 Oats, No. 2, mixed' 29J^c Wheat, No. 2 hard «2c Live hogs $4.75c Milwaukee Harl.et. Barley. No. 2 27}£@T2?£c Corn, No. 2 41 %c Mess Pork |12.50 Oats, No. 2 30%c Wheat, No. 2 tl.30&c Chicago Market. Corn 4l%e Mess Pork $14 00 Lard 8.91 Oats 90Vc Wheat, Ne. 3 1.04c LUMBER. Common boards *... $1300 Timber, joist and dimeneonsfl2.00,14.00,16.IX) Dimension, 2x4,10 and 20ft $13.00 First fencing $1400@15 00 Second fencing #12.0 Dressed siding S16.email@example.com Dressed flooring firstname.lastname@example.org Shingles Lath *2.2 PRIKCE GOBTSCHAKOFF, of Russia, will pass the winter at Nice, Italy. WHEAT GROWING. How to Increase the ield finwly—larger Beads and Larger Grains. Ibindon Ninteeuth Oantury for November. The description of Oar New Wheat Field in the Northwest" in the Nineteenth Century for Jniy, 1879, is from an imperial point of view, eminently satisfactory as ren dering ns, so long as we retain the command of the seas, independent of foreign supply. It is, nevertheless, the startling announce ment to our wheat-growers at home of a competition for many years to oome of a far more formidable character than any with which they have hitherto had to oome. The cost at which an aore of wheat can be put on shipboard at a port nearer to Liver pool than New York is will, with freight added, be so low that, under the present sys tem of cultivation in this country, it could not be more profitably grown here. Moreover, the wonderful facilities for in land water oarriage will for a long period enable the cultivator of even the more re mote of the prairies to maintain a competi tion almost as fierce af that which threatens us in the immediate fnture. It does not admit of doubt that,if the pro duce of Great Britain has already reaohed its limit in its present average of about thirty bushels of wheat per aore (if, indeed, it is really so much), the position of the English farmer with regard to that cereal is a truly hopeless one. What, then, is to be done? Is there, in faot, no hope for us? After all the boasted progress of English agrioulture—and it has, indeed, been great—are we now to succumb with the humiliating confession that we can do no more? Had a similar competition threatened the farmer of Arthur Young's day, when tbe land of this country produced but some six teen or seventeen bushels of wheat per acre, what would have been thought of the man who then suggested to the farmer that his produoe might be increased—nay, even doubled? Would he have been regarded as anything but, to use the mildest term, the merest visionary? And yet sinoe that time the crop has been nearly doubled! Is there any more real reason now for assuming that we have reaohed the limit of production? Can it be said with any degree of truth that all possible means of increasing the crop have been already tried in vain? Let us consider of what the wheat crop consists. It is not a mystery, a lost art, or anything beyond our comprehension. On the contrary, it is a very simple affair, in deed—so many ears of wheat filled, or part ly filled (according to the season) with grains. To obtain a larger orop, then, it is plain that we must have more ears, or ears with more grain in them, or both. It is a very singular faot, indeed, that, no matter what the quantity of seed sown, the number of ears of wheat produced per aoro is, in the absence of injurious circumstan ces, virtually the same—about 1,200,000, the different quantities of seed having been sown each under the best conditions of time and space. DBILLED. Quanty seed sown Ears on a Ears on per acrc. square yard. an acre. One bushel 263 1,272,920 Two busbelo 233 1,360,720 Two bushels 265 1,283,000 Three busbels 209 1,301.960 Two bushels 270 1.30(5,81)0 6)1,350 6)6.531.000 Average 270 1,306,800 PLANTED. One-sixth bushel in single gardens, 9x9.iuches.... 276 1,335,810 In one sense it is most fortnnate that this is so with the ohief food of man, for sow it bow he may, some amount of crop will still result. In another sense, however, this property of producing something of a orop under an almost infinite variation of soils, methods, aud times of sowiDg has been a di- reot bar to improvement, because, until now, not absolutely necessary or pressing. The praotical question is simply: What does the ear of wheat as now grown contain OD the average, and what might it contain? The first part of this question admits of an easy solntion. In a busbe of ordinary wheat there are some 700,000 grainB, or in a ciop of forty busbels 28,000,000 which upon the number of ears produced par acre (see table) gives about twenty-two grains as the average contents of tho present year. "Oh, but," exolaims our critic, "that won't do at all I have seen lots of ear with fifty, or sixty, or more grains." '•Very true but how were thes9 fine ears producad." ''What can that poasi'u^ matter?" he asks. That, however, is just the very thing that does matter and contains the germ of all possible improvement, for we only require Buch ears in general as are those occasional ones in order to more than double our pres ent crops. It will be seen by the table that grains planted singly in September and nine itichts apart every way produced as many ears per acre as- twelvo times the number of grains aown in the ordinary way. Here our critio again strikes in with "How can that be how can one grain produoe as many ears as twelve?" By the process of "tillering" we reply. By the exercise of that wonderful power whioh is the great characteristic of all the cereals. It may be described as follows: A plant of wheat consists of three princi pal parts—viz.: the roots, the stems, and the ears. The seed-grain having been planted in a proper manner, these are produced thus: Shortly after the plant appears above ground it commences to put forth new and distinot stems, upon the first appearance of eaoh of ivhioh a corresponding root-bud is developed for its support and while the new stems grow out flat over the surface of the soil, their respective roots are correspondingly developed beneath it. A plant of wheat has been known in thn way to oover in May a circle of five feet six inohes in diameter, measuring from the extremities of the oi posite leaves as they lay out flat apon the ground. This mode of growth is called "tillering" (or stooling), and will continue nntil the sea son arrives for the stems to assume an up right growth when tillering ceases and the whole vital power of .the plant is concen trated upon the development of the ears. These will be the finest the plant is capable of producing, unless the growth of its roots has been in any way impeded, as, for in' stanoe, by those of adjoining plants, when the size and development of the ears will be found to be proportionately diminished. At the Exeter meeting of the British as sooiation for the advancement of soience of 1869 there were exhibited three plants of wheat, barley and oats, eaoh from a single grain, with 95,110 and 87 ears respectively and even these examples do not represent tbe maxima obtainable. But our friend is by no means silenced, and returns to the charge with, "Oh, yes, of oourse but do yon mean seriously to say that the wheat plant does not tiller (or stool) under the present system?" We are again able to meet his attack with unanswerable figures representing absolute facts. Two bushels of wheat, the quantity ordin arily sown per aore,contain 14-10 million of grains, while tbe ears produced amount to oclp 1 3-10 million, or not equal in number to that of the grains sown! No tillering (stooling) can possibly take Vlaoe, unless, as is the faot, many of the grains sown perish utterly, Or, at least, fail to produoe any ear at all. "Ah," he says, "I never looked at it quite in-that light it certainly does seem a very odd way to cultivate a plant possessed of Buoh powers. Bat tell me the practical bearing of it all." Simply this that ears produced from grains planted singly and early in September nine inohes apart eaoh way will (by means of selection) contain on the average up wards of fifty grains, instead of twenty-two as at present. "Yes," and this time ha oomes down tri umphantly: "but, you know, yon oould not upon a large soalo plant oom in any way at all approaching this and, even if you could do so, the land would not be ready in Sep tember." As a matter of fact, any ordinary corn drill may be easily arranged as to plant prao tioally and without unusual expense in the manner described, Besides the developed ears containing more than doub'e the num ber of grains, the mere comparative size of the grain thus grown is such as alone to give 40 per cent, increase of orop. Under this system, too, the improvement obtainable by seleotion would tell enormous ly. FEED. B. HAIAKT. The Tower of London. The Tower of London is the most cel ebrated citadel of England, and the only fortress of the British capital. Its his tory is, to a great extent, the history of the kingdom. Within its walls some of the most noted political and religious characters have been confined, tortured and beheaded. The tower is in the east ern extremity of the city, and consists of towers, batteries, forts, ramparts, bar racks and store-houses. It is surround ed by a considerable moat, and covers an area of twelve or thirteen acres. The oldest part is what is known as tho White Tower, which was built by Will iam the Conqueror, and which has not been changed inside, but has been re modeled externally. Some of the walls are fourteen feet thick, which made it practically impregnable in its day. The notable places to be seen by the visitor are: The Traitor's Gate, opposite to which is the White Tower, and through which the prisoners like Raleigh were taken to their cells the Bloody Tower is also nearly opposite, and there the sons of Edward IV. were murdered at the instigation of Richard 3XL Beau cliamp Tower is also seen and remem bered as the place where Anne Boleyn and the unfortunate Lady Jane Grey were detained the Bell Tower, where the Governor resides the galleries known as the Horse Armory and Queen Elizabeth's Armory and the jewel room, where the crown jewels, valued at $12,000,000, are kept. The old ban queting hall and council chamber have been made the store-house for arms, and St. John's Chapel has been trans lated into an office for the records and archives. A moderate-sized army is usually disposed about the various parts of the tower. The armories have fa mous collections of arms of medieval and modern times. The Tower is one of the sights of London, and all going there may see, on the payment of a small fee, the dift'erent parts of the great stronghold in the company of a quaintly attired guide. On the walls of the cells, are yet to be seen inscriptions made by prisoners confined like Raleigh, within the dreary place only to be released by death. No Need for a Draft. Just at present these is no pressing need for a draft in this country, for there were 23,767 applications to enter the regular army last year, when only 5,000 were wanted. Of the 5,000 who were accepted, 3,441 were born in Amer ica. New York furnished the most, 727, and next in order were Pennsylvania 474, Ohio 307, Maryland 255, Virginia 205, Indiana 140, and Kentucky 140. No other State furnished as manv as 90. Connecticut contributed 58. These fig ures are as regards nativity, not resi dence. Massachusetts did not have a third as many as Tennessee. Of the 1,565 foreign-born enlistments, Ireland furnished 575, Germany 447, England 185, Canada 155, and no other country so many as 50. New York State, it may be mentioned, gave more than any for eign country, and more than aU the Southern States together. Farmers are more numerous than any other class in the new recruits, numbering 1,483, against 1,405 "laborers," 564 soldiers, 248 clerks, and so on, including 30 school teachers, 32 druggists, 13 architects, 4 photographers, who no doubt can "take" the enemy when he keeps sufficiently quiet, one stenographer, and others of classes not suggestive of regular-army, tendencies. Run away boys show up well among the rejected, for 2,568 were turned away as "minors." Tall men are proved to be far less plenty than short ones, for, while 114 were rejected for "over height," there were 1,477 rejected as under-height." On the other hand fat men are plentier than lean, for 207 were rejected for ''over-weight" and oxdy 186 for "under-weight." The chief of all causes for rejection was intemper ance, which caused 2,758 to be turned away from the recruiting station. About 600 applicants were rejected be cause they were rendered worthless for service through diseases due to their own immorality. It is a rather tough picture. While about 2,500 were reject ed as minors, 1,000 were turned away as over age and thirty-two branded de serters applied for readmission. Senator Aataoue. Every newspaper reader has heard of Mahone, of Virgina. He is the leader of the Readjusters and the biggest man in the State. While Mahone is a big man in influ ence, he is a small man in stature, small er even than Alexander H. Stephens, and weighs less than 100 pounds. He has the frame of a woman, but the will of a giant, or, at least, such as a giant ought to have in proportion to his size. In his movements he is quick and nerv ous. He is about five feet three inches high, has a large, finely-shaped head, iron-gray hair and beard, gray eyes, and heavy eyebrows, dresses plainly, and is about 52 years old. Mahone is a self-made man. He was bom in Virginia, and for that reason ex erts an influence that one occupying his position, but born outside of the State, never could. His education was largely obtained af the Virginia Military Insti tute, a scholarship in which he won in a competitive examination. He started in the business of life as a chain-carrier in a railroad engineer corps. From that humble position he gradually rose to the Presidency of a lailroad company, and at one time controlled a system of railroads from Norfolk to the Missis ppi. He was a General in the Con federate army, and Gen. Robert E. Lee is reported to have said that I wonld rather have him, his judgment, sagacity, and executive ability, than any General I have. If I should retire from the command of the army, I shuuld recom mend Mahone for my place." Mahone was the author and executor of the plan to blow up Grant's fortifications around Petersburg, of which city he is now a resident.—Cincinnati Commer cial. A BURGLAR who had stolen a luge sum of money from a house on the Bou levard Voltaire, Paris, was watched by the police after the expiration of a two year imprisonment, and 14,000 francs in coin, which lie had buried under the root of a tree in a public park, wen re covered. He was arrested with the treasure in his hands just after ha had dug it ont from its place of oonoeal ment.