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Jamestown alert. [volume] (Jamestown, Stutsman County, D.T. [N.D.]) 1878-1882, January 20, 1882, Image 2

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JAMESTOWN ALERT.
MARSHALL McCLURE,Publisher.
f$ JAMESTOWN, DAKOTA.
CURRENT EVENTS.
WASHINGTON NEWS.
Washington special to the Chicago limes:
he strongest lobby on hand so far this winter
is that in favor of the Tehuantepeo ship rail
way scheme. The obiGf engineer, Capt Bade,
ta bore himself4 atod already a meeting has been
held in the interest of the project at Sir. Crapo's
rooms. According to report, it is believed that
if any project will pass this oongreBa under the
pressure of the peculiar methods familiar to
experienced legislators, this will be successful.
Already the prime movers in the matter have
spiked some of the biggest guns of the op­
position, and a number of congressmen who
were active iu favor of the Nioaragna canal last
winter are now strong Tebauntepeo men. A
bill has not been introduced yet, nor will it be
ull everything is flxed for prompt aotion.
The construction of the Sank Center North­
ern line of road, running fiom Sauk Center to
Long Prairie and up the Eagle valley, has been
commenced by the Manitoba company and is to
be completed to Long Prairie iu July and to the
line of Todd county in December. The contract
for ties on the lice has just been let to Chand­
ler, Fisher & Wait and Mr. C. E. Hastings of
L°n8 Prairie. The com cany have opened an
oince at Sank Center, the Engineers are in the
field, and the road wilt be built as at first ar­
ranged for in voting the bonds of Todd county
last spring in the sum of $60,800.
A eon of the lato Orson Pratt, one of the orig­
inal Mormon apostles, is in Washington. He
Baid:_ "We have been waiting twenty years,
thinking that each succeeding oongresb would
do something for Utah, but it has never been
done. .When the Poland'bill was passed we
hoped something from it but Vital parts were
taken from it so that it really amounted to
nothing. You ask me how it happens that I am
not a Mormon. Til tell you. am the son of
my father's first wife, and had a mother who
taught me the evil of the system. There are
many suoh persons inUtah."
A syndicate of northwestern capitalists, with
Senator Windom among them, has been organ­
ized to open and improve the Yellowstone Na­
tional park. They are to undertake the build
ing_ of a road from the nearest point on tho
•main line iuto the geyser basin, the money to
»e furnished by the Northern Pacifio at 2 per
•cent., secured by mortgage on the road bod
«nd efinipmonts. Tho syndicate also agrees to
"Slpend $150,000 on hotels in the park, and as
a guarantee of good faith to advance $60,000
in the beginning.
Senators who favor Brown's resolution for
the appointment of a private secretary for each
'senator who is not chairman of a committee, at
•a salary of $1,200 per year, to be paid out of
•contingent fund, are laboring earnestly to get it
adopted. The members of the house insist
that their labors are just as onerous as those of
the senators, and should the senate adopt
Brown's resolution the house will probably de
teat it ultimately by voting down an increase of
the contingent fund, or iinitato the senate by
voting money to pay private secretaries for
Representatives.
The special house committee on expenses at­
tending the illness and burial of President'Oar
field and allowance to his widow, met, and, af tor
discussion, adopted a resolution offered by Mr.
Page, of California, instructing Chairman Tay­
lor of Ohio to givo publio'notice that all persons
having olaitts for oervices rendered or materi­
als furnished during the illness and burial of
the late President Garfield should present the
eame to the committee for auditing on or be­
fore the 10th of February neit.
Everything now points to the exoneration of
ex-Secretary Sherman by the senato committee
la-its report. The numerous charges made
against him in connection with the expenditures
of tho contingent fund, while formidable enough
on papoi, have under the careful disseotion of
the oommitteo fallen to piecee. A member of
the committee who went Into the investigation
in full expectation of unearthing a series of
frauds, sayti that nothing of the kind has been
proven.
Senator 'Windom is quoted by a Dakota paper
as being in favor of the^admiseion of Dakota on
condition that the capital is located at Bis­
marck. This is a mistake. Tho senator is in
*avor of the admission of Dakota, and will use
his best efforts to secure tho same, Without any
reference to the location of the capital.
Dr. E. G. Dyrenforth, examiner-in-chief of
the patent office, is mentioned as the probable
successor of Mr. Marble as commissioner of
patents.
JohnD. Defrees, public printer, says: "I
shall neither resign nor be relieved."
RAILROAD NEWS.
Mr. Windom says that he will voto against
the 3 per cent, bill on the grounds that he be­
lieves that, SB tho debt now Btands, the option
is worth more than tho saving proposed by the
pending bill would be. At the present rate,
•Mr. Windom maintains, he will pay off the loan
in threo years and have done with it. If how
ever, the bill passes, a part of the loan will
•have to run a certain number of years whether
we are in shape to payit off or not
New York Mail express: It has been reported
lately that tho Chicago & Northwestern and the
Chicago Milwaukee fc St. Paul had agreed to
build no new lines of importance this year. As
a matter of fact a contract to make no further
extentions at present was signed last August,
and both companies are willing to adhere to this
agreement as long as neither makes an attempt
to o«:upy coveted territory."
The Michigan Central reduced raten *o all
interior points in Michigan, on a basis of ten
cents, on grain to New York. Itatea have been
founded on a tweiity-wnt rate heretofore. A
uniform rate of eoxrenteen cents on provisions
to Baltimore has been established over the Pon
svlvania, Baltimore & Ohio and Yanderbilt
roads.
RECORD OF CHIMES.
There really seerns to be seme prospect of
legislation in ft,vor of some Kind of a postal tel­
egraph system. The matter lias beeb referred
to a sub-committee composed of Anderson,
Jorgenson and Springer. Of these gen'lemen
Mr. Springer is known to be very much in favor
of a government telegraph service, and he will
be able to command a large following of his
party.
Baeber and Ward, a brace of murders done
In ebony, wero held up by the necks at 8t
Louis Friday, as examples to their fellow citi­
zens who may be gifted with a tendency to
homicidal mania, impulsive or otherwise.
Baeber and Ward, under great r^ligioug ex­
citement went off just shouting for joy.
Jesse Williams, colored, was hanged at Savau
ali, Ga. He had a good night's sleep, ate a
hearty breakfast, was baptized by a Bap­
tist clergyman, and expressed a hope of heaven
and resignation to his fate. He confessed hio
crime and bade his friends farewelL
The senate committee on territories decided
to report back to the senate Test's bill to pro­
vide for recoadidg marrirges in the territories,
with a request that they be discharged from its
consideration, and that it be referred to the
committee on judiciary.
Tte grand jury of New Haven has reporated
a true bill for murder in the first degree against
Walter E. Kalley, James Malley and Blanche
Douglass (or killing Jennie E. Cramer, August
5.
An incendiary fire destroyed the little town
of Kemp on the Texas Trunk railroad, and
every building was burned. The loss is esti­
mated at $20,000, partly insured.
George Fixter, son of a Milwaukee alder man,
is under arrest
on a charge of murder.
FIRES AND OTHER CASUALTIES.
Mike Biely, a brakeman on the Burlington,
ryi Cedar Bapids & Northern railroad, was killed
near Winslow, a small station fourteen miles
north of Waterloo, Iowa.
At Glohce3ter, Mass., Joseph S. Chamber
•i lain was killed and five other quarrymen were
Jt'i killed by the fall of a derrick.
GENERAL NEWS SUMMARY.
A letter has been received by an armv
offioer in Washington from Gen. Carr, in which
the latter states that he is under arrest, and has
been ordered to Fort Grant for trial. Nothing
is known here of the causes which led to put
the general under arrest, except that they grew
ont of the Apache troubles of last summer.
The order for the arrest was issued by General
Witoox, commanding tho department of
The folio wing peatoffioea have been discon­
tinued:
Iowa—Ajax, Davis county Dodd, Johnson
County Kerr, Scott county.
Minnesota—Sverdrup, Lac qui Parle coun­
ty. i'~]
Montana—Comet, Jefferson county.
Wisconsin—Bawnrille, Marinette county.
It. Yestal mm confirmed poeto
aster of Storm
Lake, Iowa.
The story of Huge People's libel suit agfcinst
AM Detroit News baa its moral. The News in
tinaated tbai Pfcoplse had murdered kis dis
•, aod when he instituted a libel
made oat saeha clear case that
I arrested him. Be is now in
JaO awaiting fbe aetkm of the grand jury, with
dw News famishing S» testimony for
eating the OMS
,J#
proae-
Bishop XcQtofeisned a prohibitory order
against Father Stewart's taking up a eoDecttm
Til. Mary's cathedral in Bocfceeter, K. Y., for
iii Ireland, but assured
that be Vtrald approve
committee for the
which ia
Maaa
acMss feepWaato
CMifornia, Ik Oami, alao Oapt A. D. Psridna, in
tU jrfupaastsr of Detrut also HOB. J. W.
«f the Seven* jwSei*!
wi*
V-:
l!tf 'i
1
of colored men. It is understood their delib­
erations were directed to federal office-holding
mismanagement in the state.
Four New Yotk physicians unite in a report
to Congressman Springer that the widow of
Abraham Lincoln is really suffering from pro­
gressive inflammation of the Bpihal cord and
with reflex paralysis of the iris of the eye, aud
that she is helpless.
In the South Carolina senato, Sonator Miller
offered a resolution to investigate the oauaes of
present negro exodus, 5,000 negroes having
left one county is the last six weeks.
At the regular monthly meeting of the West­
ern Nail association, at Pittsburg, aftor a full
interchango of views, the card rate was ad­
vanced from $2.25 to $2.40 per keg.
The health boards of Pittsburg and Alle­
gheny roport tbirtv new cases of small pox
during forty, eight Lours, fifteen in
tacli
city,
and one death.
Bcocher made a humble pulpit apolopy las
Sunday for slandering the Brooklyn board of
education aud incidentally all tne femalo foach
ers.
Associate Justice Homer Itoy'oe has been ap­
pointed chiof justice of the supreme court of
Yermont.
MrB. Laura TCedriok, tho radical roform lec
turer, died in Buston, aged forty-nino.
Omaha has a fow caeos of small pox.
POREIGN FLASHES.
The Chilian minister of Washington, has
mail advices from Santiago giving an acconnt
of an unusual demonstration at tho funeral of
Gen. Kilpatriok, United States minister to Chili.
Funeral ceremonios wore ordered by tho Chili­
an government, and wore conducted by the
Chilian secutary of state, assisted by the Fronoh
minister aud dom of the diplomatic corpa, the
president of the Chilian house of representa­
tives and consul general from tho United Stati-B.
The funeral services wero held iu tho cathe­
dral, the largest Cathoho ohurch edifice iu
Santiago.
A british steamer went down in the Gulf of
Mexico a day or two'ago and al' tho irow, ton iu
number, wero lost
ANOTHER RAILROAD HOLOCAUST.
Terrible Accident on the New York Central &
Hudson Hiver Railroad Near New York
Two Palace Cars Telescoped
tt
nd Burned and
WitliThewa Dozen ilnlortuiiiitcs.
On Friday night tho expross from Chicago to
Now York reached Albany tweutv-threo minutes'
late. 0 wing to a great crowd of legislators and
ethers who deaired to leave the capital fifteen
additional oara wero put on, eight of them 6o
ing palace coaehos. Two extra engines were
attached, and when the train got under way it
was filleil witn men of note prominence of
both republican aiid democratio parties.
The train git under wav and when at East Al­
bany a signal to stop was raoeivod and the pal­
ao oar Idlowild, from Troy, was hitched on
at the rear of the train. There wore some ten
passengers on board this car. The run wan
mado safely until Bpuyton Duyvil junction was
reached at 7 o'clock, when a heated axle made
necessary a stoppage. Conductor Hanford or
derod Brakeman MelSns to signal tho Tarry
town special, Whioh left Tarrytown at (5:3C3 p.
m., aud Spuyton Duyvil! etation at 7:07. The
latter train was in cliargo of Conductor Evans.
Melvis apparently did not
sig ia! properly, and
the Tarrytown anccial, which rau at the rate of
twenty-five mileB an hour, came round
the ourve out of Collins' cut and struck tho
rear palace car, Idlowild, in which were twelve
passengers. The eiicino ran undor the plat­
form into the oar and drove tho Idlowild Into
tho Empire with such force as to render it
necessary to cut it out With saws aud nxoa.
The stoves and lamps fci the parlor n?.ra were
upset and ignited the woodwork and uphols­
tery. The passangers were jammod between
tho seats aud sides of the car and held while
the flames rose around and enveloped them.
Of the twelve passengers in the Idlowild. nine
are dead.
The following is a partial list of tho killed:
Wobs!er Wagner, senator from tho oightoonth
distriot, agod sixty-five years burned to
death.
D. Ransom, a guest of tho Hoffittan house
Now York.
Miss Maud Broom, New York.
Oliver B. Koeley, Spring Yalley, Pa.
Mr. Park Valentino and wife, Bennington,
Vt., married on Thursday.
Four other bodies lie in the Kilculleu hotel
at Bpuyteu Duyvil and one othor ID the thirty
fifth precinct station houso unidentified.
Woundup—John Jacobs, sonator from tho
second district, injuries slightly about head and
thighs.
Alfred 0. Chapin, assemblyman from the
eleventh district of Kings couuty, cut about
the head.
Sydney P. Nichols, police commissioner,
slightly injured.
Mary Daniels. Sherwood house, Forty-fourth
street and Fifth avenue, nervous shock and
bruises.
Park Valentine and wife, who xvsrb
killed, were married on Wednesday last. Val­
entine is a neph*iv of Trevor W. Pailt, and vu
in business wi ll his father, A. B. Valentino,
one of tho weathieat citizens of Southern Ver­
mont His wife was iliss Garland of North
Adams, Mass. They wore en routo to Florida,
on their bridal tour. In addition te tho killod,
said to numler eight, forty otners were in­
jured.
ANOTHER RAii.liOAD ACCIDENT.
Two Person# Killed anil Over Tn'ptUy Injured.
Full List of the ietims.
The St Txmlit express (Flying Dutchman)
from St. t'aul, on the Dubuquo division of the
Chicago, Milwaukee & St i'aul railway, mot
with an accident at bridge 08, noar Lansing,
Monday, in which two passengers were killed
and twenty more or less injured. A heated
axle expanded aud burst front wheel on the
truck of tho smoking oar. The ongineor felt
something give way and said, "we are drag­
ging." Just then tho bell cord broke and the
ca:s began to roil and pitch
in a fearful manner. Xlio smokor
was turned cloar over twice
and the floor aud furniture literally torn out
It as full of men, and ono man was killed, an
old man whose name we could riot learn, a la­
borer or farmer. The back of his head was
smashed in. Tho ladies' coach was thrown on
its side. A child of Mrs. .Tohu Douabnn wns
killed outright the frontal bone tieiug smashed
in. Mrs. Donahue waS on her way to hor hus­
band Jn California with her four small children.
Tho sleep
or was thrown off at one end and
stopped fortunately, before falling off the
bridge.
Tho engine was at once stopped, which was
running about oightcen miles au hour. Adams
and tho engineer ran hack to the wrecked curs
and found one on fire from cushions which had
been thrown upon the heated store. Adamf
broke a hole in the ice on the river and dipping
up water in a pot, put out the fire at onoe, thus
saving many lives, no doubt, by bis presence
of mind. Tho flames were leaping, and would
soon have been beyond control. Aided by the
engineer and others, Mr. Adams at once began
to help people out of the cars. All were taken
out of the doors, and none found pinioned un­
der the wreck. Mr. Adams describes the scene
as terrible. Men and women screamed, groaned
and swore, partially with pain and partially
with fear.
The injured. J. D. Bronsia, Richland, Io.,
internal may dio. Erickeon of Spring
Grove, Minn., serious, internal not expected to
live. Miss Emma rone is, aide, back and face.
Ella Potter, side and arm. Edna Potter, cut in
face. Leo Davis, La Crosse, wrist badly cut
George Eckart, Desota, Wis severely two
severe scalp wounds. John Jaroel, fircmin
from La Crescent, internally. John Healey,
head brakeman severe Bcalp wound
J. G. Johnson, hip woundod Members of
Georgia minstrels: E. O. Richards, internal
injury and bad scalp wound T. B. Brown,
slightly bruised D. Watts, slight Chas.
Johnson, internal Lew Rose, internal Geo.
Foster, head out Geo. Carter, head cut and
bruised in the chest and several others of the
troupe slightly.
A Judge's Opinion of a Jury.
The trial of the Hankins brothers before
Justice Welch at Chicago for keeping a
gambling house resulted in a verdict of ac
quittaL It required tne jury two] minutes to
agree on the verdict and fifteen to sign their
names to it. As the verdict was announced Hie
Hankins boys smiled knowingly and the prose­
cuting attorney uttered some severe words.
Robert Law, who instigated the case, w?a
aghast at the result, and Justice Welch, throw­
ing up his hands ejaculated: "Why, the Lord
have mercy on your perjured Bonis." Five
minutes latter the jury were regaling them­
selves at the bar kept by the proprietors of the
gambling house. There is great indignation in
the city a't the shameless way in which the
case has been allowed to ga before a picked
jury, and Mr. Law intends to carry the case to
the highest courts. Hs says the fight has just
commenced, and it is anticipated that a lively
war against gamblers will now be inaugurated.
Bnrniag of the Opera Home at Hankato, Minn.
The Opera House at Mankato was discovered
to be on fire at midnight Tuesday. The alarm
was given and every effort made to save it, but
the flames had gained sc strong a headway that
all efforts proved fruitless, the building and
con teats twins consumed. There was an in­
surance of $12,000 on the building, and
91*300 on the contents which will not begin
to cover the es. The opera house was ewned
by a stock company composed of the fallowing
prominent business men: Griebie Bros., Wm.
Bierbaner, Jos. Manderfel^ G. Lnlusdorf,
Jake Bierbaner and Gotlieb Schmidt It was
built in 1872, and the interior was remodeled
in 1879. It was a large and commodious
building, seating about 1,400 people. The
iBHranee was divided up as follows: On build­
ing. Continental, Hall & Brewster, agents $8,
0 0 Germatria, D. Wagner, agent, $2,000
$2,©W), sod on furniture, Continental,
agent, 91,200.
Tb» proimetw rf a (ota KtfHyfa
Darmt, Tinghmd, inn recent^ flni £31
8s M.
tar
keeping fetir hands «t work
twelve minutes after the hovf &xad tQt
dori^tytbtlfcotecfea 4at
&
':M& __.
fORTy-SEVENTH CONGRESS,
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 11.
SfiNATB.—The features of the senate pro­
ceedings to-day was the speech of Sonator
Vest, 6f Missouri, in support of his amendmont
to the pending funding bill. Tho speech was
witty and entortaiuiug. He claimed that the
democratic funding bill of tho las congress
would have saved the peoplo $15,0 J0,000 a
year in interest on tho public debt, and that this
was was prevented by tho republican party.
Mr. Sherman, replying to Mr. Veat'd criticism
upon his utterances upon tho funding debate of
1X70, said he wan glad to soe hi.1 friends on the
other side following hisprecopts, although they
might do better by following his lead when ho
acted more wisely ttian ho did in tho instance
referred t».
The president pro tern, announoed a special
committeo on rights of woman as follows: Lap
hsiu, Anthony, I''orry, Blair, Goorge, Jackson
aud Fair.
Mr. Anthony introduce 1 a bill providing for
the retirement, upon three fourths pay, of per­
sons employed fifty years or upward in tithor
house of congress.
HOUSE—Mr. Orth offorod a resolution of in­
quiry iuto tho expediency of changing the in« de
of selecting house committees. A resolution
was adopted, calling on tho postmaster go: eral
for inlouiiition regarding tho star routes.
Bills were introduced for a commission te de­
termine what legislation is neces-ary for the
better regulation of iuter-stato commerce and
to!deolaro certaiu railioa'llande forfeited.
The questioner tho restoration of the North­
ern I'aciilo railrowl ind grants to tho public
domain came up agaiu under the Ruiee of a
geuoral resolution proposed by Itoboson* He
wanted it referred to tho committeo on publio
lands, but the railroad mon evidon'ly prefer­
red to have it go to the committoo on i'acifio
ruliroads, aud a fight eusuod, which was pend­
ing when the house adjournod,
TIIUBSDAV, nit 12.
SsSAl'E.—Tho resolution calling on the soo
retary of the iuterior for information regard­
ing Northorn Pacific land grants was adopted.
Mr. Vest roportod favorably with amendments
from committeo on commerce the sonato bill
authorizing a bridgo aoross the Missouri river
at the most accessible point within iivo
mileB
abovo the city of 8*. Charles, Mo. Takon up
aud passed as amended.
Mr. Brown offered a declaratory resolution
that it is inexpedient and unwiso to contract the
currency by withdrawal from circulation of
what aro known as silver certificates, ar discon­
tinue or further restrict silver coinage further,
that gold and fiilvor coin based upon yroper
rates, equivalent between the two motala and
issues of paper, predicated upon ajid converti­
ble into coin on demand constitnta a proper cir­
culating medium iu this country. Laid over
temporarily.
The senate then wont into cxecutivo session,
andarijouvnod until Monday.
Sonato confirmod J. II. Flemming of St.
Louis, agent for the MoquiJ, Pueblo agetioy,
Arizona postmaster, Hiram D. Fishor, Flor­
ence, Wis.
Tho president appointed Eliphalet Wittloaey,
District of Columbia, member of tho board of
Indian commissioners.
HOUSE—Bills were introduced to reduce tho
fax on national bank circulation, repeal the tax
on buik doposits, aud tho stamp tax on bank
checks, and for tho issue of fractional unrrenoy
notes. The census deficiency appropriation
($540,000) passed.
Representative Oook Introduced a bill provid­
ing for a eiurt of review in entili TTnitadSiates
judicial district. Appeal's to the tu,roino
couit of tho United States.are allowed 1'rjin de­
creet) iu equity and in civil casos entered by
direction oi courts in review in ouia)3 where
the mittor of CDtitrovordy exojola tho su-n or
value of $10,000. Tiie bill also provi.ly-i for
a review by courts of review of jndge'.nosts
ien.li red in crimiual cases by circuit or district
courts, and for tho determination of excjptkviS
taken to any part of tho charge of a circuit or
district court to tho jury.
The bill introduced by RoprestfntaUvo Brown
of Indiana for the issue and exchange of frac­
tional treasury notos authorizes the socretary
of tho treasury to issue treasury notes pava'- lo
to the bojtror on domand, to bo in denomina­
tions of 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents, and tlio a'lgro
gate sum thereof to bo $10,090,000 th- iiotos
to bo exchangeable at par, iu sunn of $100 or
any multiple thoroof, at ono tima, for Iroaaary
notes, national bank notes, silver certificates or
gold and silver coin of the United States, the us
fractional tioMury notos to be legal tondor for
all douts not excoediug $3.
The bill introduced by Iteprcsentativo Coyne
repealing the tax on bank doposits provides th:it
every banking association designate:! in soction
5,537, chapter 2, revised statutes, Bhall pay to
ihe Iroasuror of tlio United States every half
year one-fourth of 1 per cont. on tho average
amount of its notes in circulation, and one
fourth of 1 per cent, every half year on the
average amount of its capita! atock beyond tho
amount Invested in United Btutea bondo.
Adjourned to Monday.
MONDAY, .TAN,
10.
SENATE.—A bill granting $15,000 arrears of
pension to tho widow of President Lincoln was
reported and referred to tho ponsion commit­
tee. A Lill was introduced to amend the home­
stead and pre-emption lawe. Tho Censuj de­
ficiency bill (O-iOjCOO? passed- Tho pension
arrears ant V/as dnnatod, Mr. Voorhaeo mak­
ing the principal speech iu dofonca of the act,
and Jlr. Beck speaking against it.
Sena tcr Logan offered an amendment to liiB
bill todevolo all revenues collected from the
taxes on whisky to the purpose of general edu­
cation. The amjudmeut proposes to distribute
the money to states aud territories according to
population instead of the proportion to illitera­
cy of population. This will make a very natur­
al difference in tho amount different atates
would receive. The original Mil would have
given the largest proportion to tlio south, where
the numl er of illiterates is much gi eater than
in tho north, owing largely to tho colorod pop­
ulation.
The senate confirmed as postmastors B. D.
Harbor, Worthington, Minn., and Wainor L.
Vestal, Storm Like, Io.: Indian aionts, Cyrus
P. Luee, Illinois, WhiteEirtU agency, Mum.,
Jacob 11. Mitchell, msas, Western Ehosona
agoncv, Nov. receivers of publio moneys,
Jj.tnes H. Jones, Wisconsin, at Minasha,
Wis.
HOUSE.—Bills were introduced to coin and
regulate fractional ourreucy to miliothe tonus
of presidential electors four years, and give
them power to act in case of the doith or dis­
ability of tho president or vice president to re­
tire national bank notes to admit Washington
Territory as a etite also various bills relating
to lax ition, and a resolution calling for decis­
ions of tho commissioner of the neneril land
office aud secretary of tho interior rsgarding
Northern Pai iii land grants.
Mr. Holmnn's bill provides thai no public
lands of tho United States be sold, except nrn
oral lands and townships, and that all lands
adapted to agriculture shall be roaervecl for ac­
tual setlers Under the homestead laws, subject,
however, to land warrants and caih go scrip
which have been or shall be issued by authority
of congress, aud grants which congress Mn.ll
hereafter make in new states and territories
for purposes of education.
TUESDAY, JAN. 17
SEN'ATE.—Alargenumbor of bills were in­
troduced: By Mr. Conger, to provilo for a
eommi98ion on alcoholic liquor traffic: by Mr.
Cameron, (Wis.) to authorize tho cutting and
sale of dead and damaged timber on Indian
reservations under the direction or tho interior
department by Mr. Vance, to enablo the sev­
eral states to collect an educational fund from
taxes on distilled spirits and frcmented lirmor
by Mr. Davis (111.,) to permit Ward Hunt, a»B0
ciate justice of the supreme court of the United
States, to retire by Mr. Blair, granting a pen­
sion of $5,000 a year to Lucretia K. Garfield,
from September 1881 by Mr. Ferry, for a
public building at Marquette, Mich, by Mr.
Anthony, to authorize tho compilation and
printing of the naval history of lhe war.
The pension resolution of Ingalls was deba­
ted and also Thnrman's foundling bill but no
action was taken.
HOUSE —Mr. Dingley offered a resolution in­
structing tho committee on commerce to in­
quire what change or law can be made to offord
a relief to the merchant marine engaged in
the foreign carryicg trade, and what meas­
ures can be adopted to promote our ship build­
ing and other commercial interests. Referred.
Mr. Kobeson called up the report of the com­
mittee on rules iucreasihg tho membership of
the various oommittees of the house. He
stated that the thirteen committees whose
membersdip it was proposed to
increase had before them now nearly
90 ber cent of all the business heard. As Mr.
Robeson concluded bis brief remarks he de­
manded the previous question. A storm of
"Oh. nos', came from all parts of the honse,
and the confnsion was very great Tho motion
was lost—yeas 73, nays 174. Robeson then
stated that, on behalf of the committee on rules,
he would recede from his position and with­
draw the demand for the previous question.
A long discussion ensued without results.
The Deadlock in the New York legislature.
An Albany dispatch says: At the end of two
weeks no progress has been made toward or­
ganizing either branch of the legislature of
this state. Three votes for speaker in the as­
sembly and two for clerk in the senate without
result In the senate seven Tammany men
block the way, and in the senate two Tammany
senators obstruct progress. The republicans
are growing restless with the delay, but when
ever they complain tbey are reminded by the
democrats that they kept tha list legislature
here until midsummer in the deadlock for United
States senators. John Kelly's demands are ex­
orbitant, and the anti-Tammany democrats will
not concede anything. What Kelly really
wants is the committees ou cities of both
houses, in order to secure legislation for New
York city which will restore him to power
there. Tammany's talk about anti-monopoly
is regarded as faracical by everybody in this
part of the country who knows the record of
the men who represent Kelly here. The anti
Tammany senators held a secret conference to­
night, and resolved to remain firm. Their sen­
ate caucus will reconvene Monday night, and
the ticket of officers wQl be completed. If the
Tammany men still refuse their support it is
believed that offiest* will be appointed by re­
publicans and anti-Tammanv tf&coorats, and
the wheels of the legislature will be started ia
lb# MMteftt
Mr*•"
TRIAL OF GUITEAU.
Tho Tostlmnny all In—The law In the Case
Arguments of Counsel,
THURSDAY, JAN. 12.
Counsellor Davidgo for the prosecution be­
gan his argument against Guiteau. Davidge's
spoecli
was
waB
a masterly presontation of the
principal facts in regard to the crime. Tho
victim and the assassin, together with a.par­
tial rovlew of tho testimony. All that he said
said forcibly and woll and was listcnod to
with markod attention.
He brought out all the salient points in tho
case, tending to show that Guiteau was a re­
sponsible being. His argu ncnt on this point,
which was based on the instructions granted by
the court respecting the test of responsibility,
was logical aiid conclusive. His burniog sen­
tence wero so many tortures to the "devil in
tho box," and ho fairly writhed under them.
As Davidgo tracod the procoss of reasoning
by which the prisoner gradually reached the
conviction that but one life interposed between
himself and possible great benefits. Guiteau
bocamj rostless, and for the first time sinse
tho oponing of the court intlioatod by his
nervous twisting about tho usuil preliminaries
to interruptions, which in this instance quickly
followod. "Not often," said D-ivilgo, "in the
record of heinous crime do wo have such plain,
pointod evidonco at to tho first conception of
tho ci ime. In this oiso the suggestion came to
the wretch in tho night as he was lying in his
bed." "It carno to mo when the Lord got ready
to have it," snarled the prisoner, Davidgo con­
tinued: •'This thought or snggostion camo to
him on tlio 18th of May. Still thinking that ho
niixht obtain offlco he nonirht to keep his hauds
cisan. no made another effort on the 28th of
May to induce the president
Guitoau oalled out from tho dock: "I would
not have talton a foreign mission after the first
of June if it had been offered to me."
D.tvidgo, apparently not heeding him—"O.i
the 28 th of Maj"—
Giuteiu—I am talking about the 1st of
Juno.
D.tvidgo (pausing a moment)—Just listen to
him!
tiuitian (snoeringly)—Thty would listen to
you but your talk is so weak it ia liardly worth
listening to.
For several minutes Guitoau continued to
iiiteriect his coramonts with the evident inten­
tion of annoying JJ.vvidge, but finding tliat ho
could not. effort thisj lis gradually subsided
into complete uileucb.
Ho ronewod tho circumstances of the critno
aud the victim, aud his analysis of Guiteau'a
oharacter was graphio and effective. "If," he
exclaimed, "I were to sum up the moral and
intellectual qualities of this man, I should say
that he had the daring of a vulture combined
with
"TRK IIEAET OF A WOLF.
In speaking of Guiteau's plan, lie remarked
upon his greater foar of mob than of law, and
said: "VVo must say to our shame that this is
the estimate he lias formed of jattico. It
rosted," he added, "with the jury to Bhow the
world whother Guit«an's opinion was woll
founded. If ho had foarod the law as ho
feared tho mob, our martyred head and chief
would bo alive to-day."
"Don't forget that, eithor," Davidge contin­
ued: "There is not a single jot or tittlo to
jhow that this prisoner was not parfeotly re­
sponsible for his act on tho 2d of July. Tho
jury will find that the defense havo carefully
picked out and hold up to vie,7 everything in
tho entire career of this man which may bo
considered odd or peculiar, and it is for you to
coi.sider how mucii value can bo attached to
this evidence when you come to consider
whether this m«i did not know on
the 2d of July it was wrong for him to
kill tho chief magistrate of tho nation. Davilge
then took up tho Oneida community, and spoke
of Grjteau as wallowing there for six years.
Guitean shouted, "Aud I say it io falue. I did
not wallow. I'm ,iu«t aa pure as j-ou aro, and
a groat deal purer, wont there to save my
eoul, not ficm lust Put that down, aud don't
forget it." Without concluding the spoech of
Dividge, tho court adjourned.
ritlDAT, JANUARY 13.
D.iviOge took tho floor as soon as the prison­
er had relinguished it This tho prisoner did
after he had announced that he had uninten­
tionally done D.tvidgo injustioa in blackguard­
ing him, and that lieneoforth he .would confine
his attention to GorkUiU sa FSrier. He never
seems to be able to fceep a promiso. Notwith­
standing his solemn prom's3, ho was iutertupt
i.ng in tho sama way aa on yesterday within an
hour.
Davidgo held the attention of every auditor
iu tho criminal court room all day long until
he concluded his argument just before adjourn­
ment. He said just what he should say iu the
boat manner imaginable and produced a toll
ia:-' elToct ou tho little audienoe of twelve to
whom he especially addressed himself.
flu mado the jury Understand the value of
ovory material scrap of evidenoe against "the
devil in the box." He brought out with
markod effect all tho administrations of
the witnesses for tlio defanso.
and especially of the family witnesses detri­
mental to the defonso. He iterated and reiter­
ated all that he sail Jfestoi-day about the vil
tnous character and vile carter of this devil,
who, however, alivava understood tho advan­
tage of stoaliag tho "livory of heaven to serve
his master in. lie went ovor is career, bring­
ing out in etrorg relief tho act of iniquity of
which the miserable wretch was guilty, and
mado out a strong oasa of total depravity. His
peroration, in which bo summed up all tha
facts about the ciime, the criminal and tho
victim, was a masterly effort It was skillful­
ly prepared. Ilia senteacas flowed naturally one
after the otlior as ho dnscribed the hor­
rible crime, the miserable assassin and the
martyrod preaMont to the terrible sequence to
come—a scaffold and a suspended form. Tn«
agical interruption to his eloquence, a strong
man fainting from cxeitemeut, and the lioat
and bad atmosphere of tho crowded courtroom
iotei s',tied tho interest with which every word
was awaited. 0/ course Guiteau interruptsd
constantly. Ho soon became excited, and then
exaaporatod. When Davidgo waB. detailing ho
acknowledged short comings, he punctuated
tho sentences with "that's false" or "that's a
lio."
Reading from the ovii'ouce, Davidgo quoted
from Guiteau's own testimony this senteneo:
"I don't toll my business to everybody. I koep
rny mouth shut." Guiteau rotoitod: "That's
true, except havo to open it pretty often hero
and in a few minutes he shouted in loud tones:
O.mfer not with fieeh and blood. That was
Paul's idea, and that's mine. I get advice from
the Deity, not from fieah and blood. That's
the way Paul got his worK in, and that's the
way I did mine. Tho trouble with yon is,
Divi lge, that you don't know anything about
the Deity. He knows you, though, and you'll
know something abont him when
HE GETS YOU DOWN BELOW.
After disposing of t'.io insanity and inspira­
tion theories, Davilge continued:
There is pot an element in this case that re­
moves it from the category of immoral lives.
Ho was a daring, audacious boy who, in the
Onedia community, gave way to a life of law
loss vice. Later, as a man, a theocrat, who
wonld overturn all law and churches. Later,
when ho boasted himself to be of the firm of
JOHUS Christ ft Co you see tha legitimate out
ennu of his wicked egotism, and it is
juet as legitimate and logical to find
a trne explanation of this crimo in tho
same traits of inordinate vanity,
desire of notoriety, and reckless egotism. As
I coneieve, the true and only theory of his
crime is this: ne conceived the idea of this
monstrous crime, believing others wero as
wicked a* himself and thosa who wonld be
benefited by it would in some way interpose to
savo him from tho damning consequences ef
his most heinous crime.
Gniteau continually interrupted, with a con­
stantly increasing exhibition of ugly temper,
"l'ou'll get the deity down on you for the way
you are conducting this case," he shouted,
"and ho will eternally damn you, Davidisa."
SATURDAY, JAN. 14.
Guiteau promptly took the floor to pay that
he had received chooks aggregating in amonnt
$15,000. Home of them he suppsiBed were
good. He wanted people to send him no
other kind. He wantesd everybody to under­
stand, too, that he was doing his own banking
business, and desired tho checks made payable
to his order. Before Beed began his argument,
Bcovillo requested Judge Cox to decide wheth­
er Guiteau should be allowed to speak in his
own behalf to the jury. If he decided in the
affirmative he wanted Guiteau to speak either
before Mr. Reed or himself.
Judge Cox—I should be loth in a capital case
to deny any man present an opportunity to be
heard even if he is represented ty counsel. In
this case it is safo to assume the prisoner will
abuse tho privilege as he has done all through
the trial, and what he would say would be high­
ly improper to go before the jury. I shall
therefore deny bim the privilege. As I said
yesterday, however, it his council desire to read
from, his manuscript anything that seems prop­
er to be laid before the jury, they can do so.
Bead and Bcoville, disappointed bat not de­
spondent, accepted the decission with the best
grace possible, but Guiteau was not like minded
He broke'out fiercely in denunciation of a de­
cision which, allowed to stand, would be an out­
rage to American jurisprudence.
Reed then rose to address the iurv on behalf
of the prisoner. He commences by paying a
compliment to the jnry for tho seriousness and
solemnity and care which had characterized it
during this long trial, unparalled in the history
of criminal jurisprudence. Before Reed had
been speaking half an hour the prisoner begin
to comment and contradict Contracting the
mercy of the Savior towards those afflicted with
devils and insane, with the demand of the
prcaceution in this catc, Beed said they say
"hang bim." Guiteau shouted:
And the American people say let him ga The
American people are on my side. Reed, now
go on with your speech.
Reed continued:
It does xot require an expert to pronounce
the prisoner in*ane. Tou have seen him day
after day shuffling before you. Tou hive
seen that strange, unnatural lordc of his eyes,
needing the opinion of no expert to convince
yon that this is not the appearapoe of sane
man. Ii my opinion, if this poor creators it
sent to aa asylum b* frtfl be driveling idiot
witbtetfsnwfe,
-',~,n *ti*
Guiteau natt uoen quietly listening with el­
bows upon the rail of tho dock and his chin up­
on his hands. bi6 back being turned to the
audienoe and bis attention apparently fixed on
something in tho oourt This startling predic­
tion amused him immensely. Turning around,
he looked over in the direction of tho speaker
and enjoyed a quiet laugh for some seconds.
In conclusion, Mr. Rood said: I assert that
tho conviction of this man to the gallows aud
Ilia execution would bo an infamy boyond
description, an indoliblo stain on American ju­
risprudence and American juries. Think of tho
scene if you condemn him to the gallows.
Though not preeont in a body to seo the night,
you cannot but be there iu mind. If such day
shall over come, and I do net beliovo it ever
can come undor ttiis evidence, think of this niiii
brought out from bia cell with tho same pa'o
face and the same wsvudoring eyes, tho officers
of tho law gathering round liim, pinioning him,
binding him with cords so that his musoles
stand out-, covering him with a biaci hood,
shutting out the light of day from him and
leading him to tho scaffold.
The Prisoner—I would rather go that way
than to be smashed up in railroad cars, as some
poor fellows wore last night Adjourned.
Guiteau's (irent Speech.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15.—The following has
been furnished for publication:
To Now York Associated Pross—Gonts: I
have tho honor herewith to transmit my
speech, as an historical document, and 1
desire
it sent broadcast to tho Amoiican nation. 1 am
not certain that Judge Cox will allow mo to
delivor it, but I send it to my
countrymen, and tlioy and tho president
of tho United States, if nccessary, will finally
adjudicate this case. If he docs not his name
will go into history blackened as a gag-law
man. Iam sure the able chief justice and his
associates who ropresont tho Washington
court in banc will spit with scorn upon tho jio
sitioQ of Judgo Cox, and I am sure that the
high-toned mon of tho na.ion will do likowise,
bocauso I am my own counsel, and it
is infamous if I am not por
mittod to address tho jury when my lifo
is at stake. I would not trust tho best man
in America to closo tho case. I tako no stock
in Seovilln aud Rood's theory of tho defense.
I removed tho president, and this speech con­
tains my defense, and it should be road by
every American, and I desire you to givo it the
widest publicity by printing it in its entirety.
I havo tho honor to be yours,
CRRAITLES GUITEAU.
UNITED STATES JAIL, WASHINGTON, D. C.,
Jan. 15. 1SS2.
T1TE HAMIANOUE FOB THE JUHY.
If tho court please,gentlemen of the jnry, I nm
DESTROYED NY FURE AGENCY.
Tho deity compelled me to do tho aet just as ahlgh
wayman compels a mail to give up Ills money aftor
placing a iiistol p.t his Victim's head. This irresistible
pressure to remove tho president was oti me for
thirty days, and never loft mo when awake.
It haunted me day and ui^ht. At last an opportun
ils came aud I shot him. As soon as I fired the
shot the inspiration was worked off aud I folt im­
mensely relieved. I would not do it again for a
million dollars. Only a miracle saved mo from be­
ing shot or hung then and thero. It was tho most
insane and foolish act possible, and no ono bnt. a
madman could have done it. There are moro than
thirty-eight cases in the Biblo where the deity has
directed to kill for the good of the people,
that is, to savo them from far
greater troublo. Had Jefferson 'Davis and
a dozen or two of his comnany of traitors been
shot dead in January, 18lil, no doubt our late re­
bellion never would have been. Gen. Arthur, as
prosidert, is doing splendidly. No man can do bet­
ter. I am especially pleased with his conciliatory
spirit and wisdom toward the opposition. It is ex­
actly what I wished him to do, viz: unito tho fac
tious.of tho Remib'ican party, to tlio end that the
nation may be happy and prosperous. In short,
everybody, politically, is happy, savo a fow cranks,
and they wiil probably be happy soon. I have no
doubt as to my spiritual destiny. I havo always been
a lover of the Lord, and whether I live ono year oi
thirty, I am his. As a matter of fact, I presume
shall livo to be president. Some peoplo think I am
as good a man as tho.president. Gen. Arthur is a
good man every way. I happen to know him
well. I was with him constantly in New York dur­
ing the canvass. I'm with Gen. Grant, Cotikiing
and the rest of these men. Tlioy havo not taken
an aetivo part in my defense, because it would
not be proper. Tho prosecution have introduced
certain witnesses who aro guilty of
perjury, and it has excited my wrath and 1
havo denounced them in plain language. I hate
tho mean, deceptive way of tho prosecution. The
mob crucified tho Saviour of mankind,and l'aul,hii
great apostle, went to ignominious death. All in­
spired men must do their work and leave the result
with deity, whatever becomes of thorn. Tho worst
that men can do is to kill you, but they cannot pre­
vent your name from going down the
ages. Had I stuck to my law business in
New .York cr Chicago, I should liavo been,
a rich man Jo-day. b"t I have had other
woiktodo. My book," Tfio Truth, contains ray
theology. It. cost mo trouble enough, and I have
no doubt but it is official. Duriug tho three years I
was on theology I incurred some small debts which
I have not been able to pay. A thousand dollars
would pay every dollar I owe. Snmo men owe
$100,000 who arc eorsidered high-toned. The
prosecution mado a great noise about my owing
somo board bills, but that has no bearing on thij
issuo. Mr. Corkliiil, who has taken it upon himsoll
to dig up my circumstances, owes 100 times
more than I do. I always paj
when il have monev, but thero was
NO MONEY IN HIEOLOFLT,
and I knew it when 1 went into it. To-day I suffet
In bond.s because I had the inspiration and nerve to
remove the president that the nation might live.
But expect you,- gentlemen of the jury, will ro
nsove these bonds, to tho ond that I go forth a free
and vindicated man. Thnt is what you are hero for,
and I ask you to liberate me, tell tho Americar
peoplo that you find no evil in me, It is the
opinion of some of tho ablest members of
the bar that this court has no jurisdiction
to try this case. This point will bo pressed. If
necessary, in arrest of judgment. But I expect
you, gentlsmeu of tho jnry. to justify the act You
are here to vindicate my inspiration. But I would
have done if any time after June 1 if I had known I
was to be shot dead the next moment. I had no
power to prevent it. My free agency
was destroyed. I was undor duress. In
law any ono under duress is not responsible
for his act On this ground I ask you to acquit
me. How do woknow you was under duress? My
word for it. No one else can know the fact, but
Deity and me. I know itj the Deity knows it I
had to do my duty to Deity and to the American
people, regardless of consequences to myself. No
one wants to shoot or hang me now, savo a fow
cranks who aro so tgnorant they can hardly
read or write. High-toned people are
saving, "Well, It the Lord did it let it
go. The president did not die before his time. If
the Lord had not wanted him he would not have
departed. Physical deatliis nothing. Ailmenhave
to die. All men will die. The president might
have beon taken bv a railroad accident or slipped
on an orange peel and broken his nock. Tho Inter­
view with Brooks I cousider a special providence
in my favor. I talked with him freely
about. Duty, my insperation and the political sit­
uation which showed the condition of my mind on
July '2, when I was precipitated into removing the
president A vasl deal of rubbish ha3 got into this
case on holh cirlftr. Tha leiine H«re is who fired
that aITnt,7finy orTHe. Had"I"iire3Tt on my own
personal account,
NO PUNISHMENT WOULD BE TOO QUICK
or too severe for me, And this is why I
protected myself by going to jail and having na­
tional troops ordered out. I would humbly sug­
gest that the jury be charged aB follows: That if
they believe that. I believed it was right for me to
remove the president because I had special divine
authority for so doing, they wiil acquit on the
ground that I was overpowered by the Diety.
After quoting Beeclier, Tal.mage and other
clergy, aud declaring that wlieu he bocame
president in 1884 ho weuld clean out woman's
rights speedily, he closes thus to the jury:
To hang a man in my mental condition on July 2,
when I fired on the president, would bo a lasting
disgrace to the American people. Tho mothers and
daughters of the ropublic are praying that you
vindicate my inspiration. I begyon do not get de­
ity down on you by medlding with this case. I beg
for your own sakes and for the sake of the Ameri­
can people, and for the sate of generations unborn,
that you let this caso alone. You cannot afford to
touch it. Let your verdict be that it was duty ac­
tuated mo. When tho president was shot his cabi­
net telegraphed to foreign nations that it was the
act of a madman.and it will be better every way that
it be officially decided that it was the ant of a mad­
man.
MONDAY, JAN. 10.
Mr. Scovillc, counsel for Guiteau, began his
argument but did not conclude, ne said he
was not an orator and that all the defense asked
for was a fair, candid and impartial weighing
of the evidence-by fair and candid mon.
I hold in my baud aa indictment for conspir­
acy, which I liave framed in my own mind and
this object of the conspiracy was to hang the
prisoner. Scovillo proceeded to name the con­
spirators, the district attorney, Judge Porter,
Mr. DaviJge and five of the government ex­
perts, namely Drs. Gray, Hamilton, Kempnter,
McDonald and Woorton. The counts of this
indictment are twenty in number, first they
have perverted the law in this case. Bcoville
in iUuatration or support of this count, alluded
to the introduction by Judge Porter, of the de­
cision of Judge Davis. He said counsel upon
the other side indignanuy rcpu-
fto roamUoB tint. frdgt XHtIi
PfPfMfMH!
f:
sat witu Uardozo or Barnard,. but 1 havq yet to
learn if eithor of them ever committed a more
responsible act than that of Judge Davis.
Scoville warmed Up with the subjeot and de­
nounced in severe language the extra judicial
act of Judge DAVIB.
The prosecution state that if the prisoner
knew the act was wrong on July 2, then lie
should hang now. This Is not by any means
the whole of it er a correct statement of the
law. Tho court has added in Bubstanco aB fol­
lows: "Yet, if in this act he was ovorpowered
by a consciousness coming through his dis­
eased mind that what he was doing was neces­
sary for the good of the country and was speo
ially approved by God, then you cannot con
viit him of murder."
Continuing, Scovillo said: "The
Scovillo continued: "Counsel parade hore
tho debts owed by prisoner, and attempt to
make much of them in this case. They aro
weaving—"
Guiteau—"I owe abont $1,000, and I sup-
poso
that ought to hang a man. If these peo­
ple will send in their bills now I'll givo them
chocks for tli6ni, and get them out of the way.
I supposo I've got some monoy now. I'll get
rid of theae poople and then I won't owe any
body.
Scovillo then allitdod to the iccidout sworn to
by Shaw, of Guiteau's pawning a worthless
watch for $25. Scovillo denounced Shaw. He
bolioved he liod, deliberately perjured himself
in this case, as also had the contemptible little
jow olerk who canae down hore to help Shaw
Guitoau screamed. "This whole testimony
of Sliaw is false and no decent man woiild be
lievo it for an instant"
As the court was about to adjourn Guitoau
called ont: "I desire your honor to read my
speech to-night, so I can discuss with you to­
morrow."
TUESDAY, TAN. 17.
Scovillo, for the defense, arising to address
tlie jury began, '"Gentlemen of the jury,"
when Guiteau, who had been sitting very quiet­
ly in the dock looking over the morning papers
aaid: "Scoville, isn't this the beat time to get
iu that little statomont?" Scoville said ho had
forgotten that little statement, but that ho
thought it was as good a time as any for its' pre­
sentation. Ho explained to Judge Cox that it
was a statement aoout the aasiBsin's speech
which ho had prepared aud was
desirous to read.. Judge Cox
said lie could leave it, and tho assassin who
would havo dono BO anyhow, thanked him and
began in a boavy tragedy voice & sometfliat
stilted appeal to the American judiciary, tho
American people, and two or throe other things,
to permit him to deliver his speeoh to tho jury.
Incilentally ho took occasion to say that ho was
not in accord with Reed and Sooville that his
defense was not chronic insanity, but transit­
ory mania, and that he based his hopes of ac­
quittal on tho acquittal of Sickies, McFarland
and Hiscock, on the ground of transitory mania
as much as anything else.
a
patriot to-day. I suffer in bonds as a patriot.
Washington was a patriot. Grant was a patriot
Washington led tlio armies of the revolution
through eight years of b'.oody war to victory and
glory. Grant led tho armies of the Union to victory
and cloiy, and to-day tho nation Is prosperous and
happy. To-day, Christmas, 1S81,1 suffer in bonds
as a patriot becatiso I had tho inspira­
tion and norve to unite a great political
party to tho end tliat tho nation might
he saved from another devastating war. To-day
I suffer in bonds an a patriot. 'Jt'liero is not the
first element of murder in tho case. To constitute
the crime of murder two elements mu.-t co-exist,
first, an actual homicide so cond, malice in law or
malice in faet. The law presumes malieefrom the
fact of homicide. There is no homicido in this
case, and therefore no jnalieo In law. Tho deity
allowed tho doctors to finish tho work gradually be­
cause ho wanted to prepare tho people for tho
change also to confirm my inspiration. I am well
satisfied with tho deity's conduct of the caso thus
far, and I have no doubt lie will continue to father
It to tlio end. Nothing hut the pclilical situation
last spring justified tho president's removal. The
break in the ltopnbllcan party then was .widening
week by week, and I foremw war. The Lord
wanted to prevent a repetition of this desolation,
and inspired mo to execute his will. Why did he
inspire rao in preferoncj to somo ono.elso? Be­
cause I had bruins and nerve, probably, to
i!o tho work. The Lord does not employ
Incompetent persons to serve him. Ho uses
best material he can find of all the world I was the
only man who had authority from deity to do it
Without deity's pressure I never should have
sought to remove tho president. This pressure
Scovillo then took up bia indictment for con­
spiracy to hang Gniteau against Corkhill, Da­
vidge, Portefj and the experts where he left off
yesterday and discussed the several remaining
counts in very much tho same way, aa on yes­
terday. He devoted himself particularly to­
day to Corkhill and Porter. Corkhill, the ac­
cused, used every moans, foul or fair, to bang
the prisoner, regardless of his sanity or insani­
ty, despite the fact that as district attorney he
waa au officer of tho court, sworn to see that
justice and not injustice was done. Ho pic­
tured his remorse when at some future day
ho should havo before his imagina­
tion, day and night, a terrible vision—a black
form hanging by tbo nock with pinionod arms,
and should hoar froli under the black cap oav
ering tho shapeloss head of the swinging shape,
"It was God's act, not mine, Corkhill, in the
voice of a luuatic. Corkhill listened to this liu
oxpojted burst of eloquonco with a sneer on
his face, and at its close thanked Bcoville os
teatiouuly for his graphic fore cast of tho fu­
ture. The anti-climax thus produced was so
ludicrous that evorybody but Scoville and tho
Guiteaus laughed.
Hnviug disposed of counsel for tho prosecu­
tion, whoso coursj he pronounced io some par­
ticulars a disgrace to the bar of America,, Se­
ville stated that while the government had BO
theory, the defense ha:l, and announced that he
believed Guiteau to bo chronic monomaniac aud
to havo been such since be was nineteen years
old, and ho proceeded to demonstrate its cor­
rectness. Ho of course insisted that the
monomania was tho result of hereditary pre­
disposition, and incidentally attempted to prove
that the hereditary taint existed in the Guiteau
family. Adj.
What Ewell "Wished to Do at Mollys
burg.
A letter has been published, written by
Geuer.il George G. Meade in 1870, in re
a :ird to the battle of Gettysburg, in which
ho relates the following, which he claims
as "historical fact:"
"Lieutenant General Ewell, in a conver­
sation held with me shortly niter the war,
asked what would have been tho effect if at
1 p. m. on the 1st ho had occupied Culp's
Hill and established batteries on it.
An Engineer's Kcward.
From the Washington Star.
It will be remembered that on the 5th of
March, 1881, a special, train on tho Balti­
more and Potomac railroad, bearing ex
President Hayes, Mrs. Hayes and family
ttnd others, met with an accident at Severn,
twenty-seven miles north of this city, an
extra train going south having run into the
train, badly wrecking it. The engineer of
the extra, Harry Freeburn, was so injured
that he died within a short time. Engi­
neer John M. Unglaub, who had charge of
the engine of the president's train, stood
manfully at his post, reversing the engine
as soon as he saw the extra, but failed to
avert the accident. Unglaub was badly in­
jured, and Mr. and Mrs. Hayes, when they
were made aware of the facts, with tears in
their eyes, thanked him, saying that he
had not only saved their lives,
but those of others on the
train. Mr. Unglaub was removed to his
home in Baltimore, and, at the instance
of President Hayes, Collector Thomas saw
personally that he had every attention. Mr.
Unglaub, having recovered, resumed his
place on the road. Last Tuesday ho was at
the engine houso iu the city, when he was
tiled upon by a personal friend of Presi­
dent Hayes, who handed him a fine gold
watch and chain valued at $700, accom­
panied by a letter from Mr. and Mrs. Hayes
asking him to accept it as a token of their
gratitude and memento of his coolness ex­
hibited on that occasion. The watch was
made to order in Philadelphia, and on the
outer case thjre is a monogram, "J. M. U.,"
and on the inside of the case is a suitable
inscription, but Mr. Unglaub, having been
charged not to allow it to get into the pa­
pers, the exact insciiption can not be pro
cured.
Statistics Umi Into the Uronnd.
A meddling scientific person, ono of
those insufferable men who are always
bothering one with statistics of how man^
letters there are in the Bible, or how many
inches a snail, if he should devote him­
self ten hours a day to the business, would
crawl over since Adam set up his private
tailor shop to the present time, has been in
with several sheets of paper closely figured
over, upon which he desires a Daraaraoh.
In brier, the calculation shows that if all the
energy expended since the first expedtkm
of Sir John Franklin in searching for the
North Polo could be at pnoe utilized, it
would be capable of lifting 30,000.000 tons
one foot in one second. And the calcu­
lator expects the reading community to be
elee'rified by the announcement! As if
anybody cared a straw whether this absurd
weight were capable of being lifted at alL
Geo. Baker, the railroad eoamiwioner of
the aew state administratios, kits decided not to
break up his horns at Jtank»to asdMu»rest
danee In 81 Paid.
vt:
*,
A
*.av^
B«?ond
count in tho indictment is perversion of testi­
mony and lie proceeded to austsiu this count by
reading from Davidge's speech comparing it
with the testimony.
Scovillo attacked the theory of the proseou
tion, it was the prisoners' own innate or re­
quired depravity that naturally led Up to the
killing of tho president and diBouesed at s'omfi
length the evidence introduced by them to
show
instances of tho prisoners meanness and do
uravity. "This cvidenco" said Scoville, "has
in almost evory instance been perverted."
DAKOTA NEWS.
The report which has appeared in some
of the papers that a young man named Re
ctird had been killed by the Indians near
the Pembina mountains while attempting to
pads through their lands with goods for his
trading post at the Turtle mountain^ is un­
true.
Bismarck Dinpatch toi Fargo Argus!
There are three cases of small-pox here
now. The villago board and the boafd of
health met in council. The patients have
been removed to the pest house, and one of
the buildings in whiih they were confined
was burned, having been Set on fire to pro
vent the'spread oE disease.
The November term of the United States
district court at Yankton unexpectedly ad­
journed, after haying been in session since
the Inst of November. Tho principal busi­
ness done was the conviction of Knowlton
and Brave Bear. Since the trial of the lat­
ter the time of the court has beon occupied
in hearing the demttrrers in the different
land cases now pending. The case" of John
D. Cameron of Sioux Falls waB tried last
June, when the jury disagreed. The lats
'grand jvlry found indictments ngainBt
Spaulding, 'Parsons and Ilovt of Hauilin
county. The case^ were rill put over until
the April term of the court.
Gov. Ordway of Dakota in on interview
states that tho people of the territory are
satisfied with tho newly appointed judge,
Edgerton. Judge Shannon, his predeces­
sor, and others wero of conrse ippcsed to
him at first, but the were now fully satis­
fied with him and his work.
A little nine-year-old daughter of Mr.
Hendriukson, of Union county, was caught
by the neck by a falling school houBe win­
dow and was strangled, her body not being
found ttntil the next day.
Brave Bear says it is all the same wheth­
er they hang, shoot, or let bim go.
At a large meeting at Deadwood, resolu­
tions were adopted to be forwarded to con­
gress and tho president in favor of a divi­
sion of the territory. A commit te of fifty
one was appointed to visit the capitol in the
nterest of he movement. The people aro
horoughly arousod and unanimously en
husiastlc, democrat as well as republican.
At Sioux City Governor Ordway was in­
terviewed on the subject JC tho recent
statements in Washington specials: "You
may say that Governor Ordway has written
no letters opposing division or admission,
but has recommended both. Neither has
he malinged the people of Dakota. All his
criticisms have been npou tho methods of
Pettigrow and his thirty-nine palls, whom
he regards as tho lineal descendents of the
original forty. He would consider it an
honor to be displaced for thwarting the
schemes of those who inspired the late
specials ftom Washington."
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.—Tho houso commit­
teo on Territories mot to-day and considered tho
question of tho division of Dakota. Major
Edwards of Fargo was before tho committeo,
and is confldont that all tho committee will
agree to report to tho houso Pctti^row's bill
to divide tlio territory simply iudor
pendent of what may bo dono on
tho proposition to mako a Stato of southern
Dakota afterwards. Messrs. Grout, Dawew,
Miller, Dugro and Pettigrow woro appointed a
sub-committee on Northern Dakota, and
Messrs. Burrows, Aldrich, Grout, Miller aud
Leodom a sub-committeo on Soutliorn Dakota.
Thero aro a largo nuinbor of porsons hore
from tho Territory urging tho division,
oov. onmvAx's POSITION.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.—Gov. Ordftay of Da­
kota, now hero, is in hoartv accord with tho
movoment to divide tho Territory and crcate a
new State out of tho southern portion, bnt be
iusists that thero shall be legislation to |u o
sorvo tho public school land for school pur­
poses only. Ho wants a law so formed that
school lands shall bring their highest market
valuo, aud that the proceeds of tlioir sales
shall becomc a permanent school fund.
Ho saj'B that somo of tho most for
tilo lands of tho Territory aro school
lauds, and ho will oppose any act that would
admit of a construction that would or.on those
lands to settlement at homestead or govern­
ment rates. Ho savs tho Domocrats of the
Torritory will uot, as an organization, oppose
the proposed admission into tho Union. Ho
also.recommonds that tlio enabling act, if one
is passed, shall provide for a constitutional
convention iu tbo new Stato of not less than
100 members, so that all iutcrests and classes
may be ropresonted in it.
The "llog
I
told
him that in tho tlieu condition of the
Eleventh and First Corps, with their moralo
•ili'eeted by their withdrawal to Cemetery
llidge, with tho loss of orerhalf theirnnm
bers in killed, wounded and missing (of
tlio 6,000 prisoners we lost ou the field
nearly all cimo from these carps on the
tirst day), his occupation of lip's Ilill,
with batteries commanding tho whole of
Cemetery ridge, would have produced the
evacuation of that ridge and the with­
drawal of the troops by the Baltimore pike
and Tarrytown and Etnmilt^burg roads.
He then informed me that at 4 p. m. on the
1st he and his corps, 20,000 strong in
column of attack and on the point of moving
on Culp's Hill, which he saw w.13 utincju
pied, and commanded Cemetery ltidge,
when he received an order from General
tee directing him to nosvmie the defensive
and not to advance that he sent to Gen­
eral Leo urging to bo permitted to advance
with his reserves, but the reply was a reit­
eration of the previous order. To n.y in­
quiry why Lee had restrained him he
said our troops coming up (Slocum's)
were visible, and Loe was tinder tho im­
pression the greater part of my army was
on the ground, and deemed it prudent to
await the rest of his, as you quote from
his report."
Uuessing" Amusement.
From the New York Post
"Hog guessing" has been regarded as an
amusement of the borders of civilization
or of these rude primitive times when
greased pole climbing, sack racing, and
even ruder sports were numbered among
the most favored of popular pleasures.
But the busy and bewildered person, "the
future historian," ns ho turns the musty
files of the New York newspapers of tho
lust quarter of the nineteenth contvry, will
learn with cuiiosity that among the inci­
dents of the celobration of Christmas was
"guessing" at the weight of a notable pig
in a suburban town that the entertainment
was not contrived for the entertainment of
the "peasantry," but that among the "guess
era" were men of wealth, wearers of dia­
monds, drivers of fast horses, bankers, and
brokers, and at least one man conspicuous
iu the management of publio education
and that so many persons who wero not
"guessers," and did not even see the pig,
wero interested in the sport that a report of
it was thought to be worthy of as mush
space as is often given to an important
measure of statesmanship. We do not
know what "the future historian" will muke
of it, because we do not know what relative
importance ho will givo to this and other
contemporaneous social uclivities.
bUwkUu
-~*n'^i^"^«,v
'-&•*^.^*fv
«,
Tilings in General.
Newport lawns are as green as they wero
in June, and on sunny days in sunny plaoew
dandelions occasionaly venture to show
their yellow ficos. On porches and piazzas..
honeysuckles still' support crisp, greoa
leaves and now and then put forth a bios
som. Two weeks ago there wore English^
violets in the grass.
High school education, in which*Wm
paratively few of the children of the hum­
bler classes can share, comes high in Bos­
ton. Tho average annual expenses of a
high school pupil is $87.43, while that of a
grammar school pupil is only $28.20.
The following communistic is from the
Boston Journal: "Clara Louise Kellogg
sting about $1,000 worth to the inmates of
the Nebraska peni tentiary the other day,
and asked nothing for it. A man who had
never stolen anything cr made love to an­
other man's horse would have to pay $2 to
hear her. About tho only man who gets
left nowadays and has to pay a big price for
all the fun ho has, is tho honest, respecta­
ble, hard working citizen."
The Hon. E. B. Washbnrno has com­
municated to tho Hon. iRanc Arnold, Pres­
ident of the Chicago Historical Society, ft
letter frora the celebrated historian, Pierre
Mnrgry, in which he suggesta that the
toricnl societies in the valleys of tho Ohio
and Mississippi rivers celebrate on the Jth
of April the two hundredth anniversary o£
ho diecovery of the mouth of tho Missis-
lippi
by La Salle.
An estimate has been published of tho
municipal estate of tho city of Paris, and ltt
is Curious and imposing, all national mon­
uments aiid buildings situated in Paris be
ling loft out of ths reckoning. This esti­
mate shows property of one kind and an­
other
valued
at $212,000,000, in which snn*
aro included 0-1 churches worth $115,000,000,
20 barrackB worth $5,000,000, 143 primary
sclioois set down at $12,000,000, 19 ceme­
teries at $0500,000, 41 parks and squares
at nearly $55,000,000, and 9G statues and
fountains nt $700,000.
A fcmnle rat had tho misfortune to be
caught alive in a Philadelphia trap not long
ago aud the following day she presented
her captor with five small pledges. One of!
those escaped nnd ran into bottle, fronts
which it could not get out, owing to tho
smoothness of its prison walla. There it
waa found, nnd the old rat and bottled young:
ono wcie placed together in a cage. Since
that time the mother has fed her offspring:
by dropping bits of food down tho necS of*
the I' Ottle and quenched its thirst by stick
irg into the same orifice her tail uripping'
with water from th6 pan provided for her
own use.
Detroit people mostly buy their silk at
tbo little Canadian town 'of Windsor, just
across tho river, and manage to get it homo
without paving, duties. The other day,,
however, a Windsor girl ef a rich and aris­
tocratic family, who undertook to smuggle*
a lot of silk urderclothing over to a Detroit
friend, got caughtin the act, and there was
ignominious search, tears, and loss of tho
goods, supplemented by newspaper expo­
sure. Other thiugs besides sills are smug­
gled in that region, nnd, in fact, Detroit,
river has a greut quantity of illicit tiaffic,
bjck and forth.
London Truth: "Tho cotillion is lass it.".
favor thuii it was laf.t year, greatly to the
delight of the true lovers of dancing. In
its origin, it may have had some claim to be'
culled dance, but now it has degenerated
into a fooli ih, childish game, aud, more­
over a rude ono. Flirtation is occasionally
furthered by it, but tho true coquet finds
that openly to favor one gentleman at tho
xpenso of half a dozen, as necessitated by
the various figures of a cotillion, is, to say
lhe least of it, injudicious."
The Kvcnemcnl tells of a nmi»in Pane#
whose practice it has been to hire an apart-
ment at a rent of three or four thousand,
francs, for a term of three, six or nine
years. Tlion he begins to play on tho
trombone aud to play miserably. At first
ho plays an hour night and morning when
the neighbors begin to complain he plays
two hours and goes on gradually until ho
plays from 8 o'clock in the morning until 9
o'clock at night. By that time tbe landlord
or tenants have offered bim a sufficient pe­
cuniary inducement ta sacrifice his lease
und the trombone player departs and begins
his trick elsewhere.
A ivcen Christmas,
From the Now York World.
An esteemed cotomporary proceeds to de­
duce a "bad stowing for tho beginning oE
winter" from tho old saw about a, greeu
Christians making a fat churchyard. Un­
fortunately for the reputation of tho anony­
mous author of this adage, modern investi­
gations havo shown that—in the country ia
which it originated, at least—it does not
hold true. The soverii Christmas of 187$
brought nbout a doath rate of aud 4r
per cent, higher than the ratio of the.
green "Christmas" of 1876 nnd 1S7T
and in the "twenty large towns" the
increased mortality waa 5,040. In point of
fact, extreme cold kills off the old just as
excossive heat kills off tho young, and it is
rather paradoxical for peoplo who profoss
to value a climato becauso it is temperate
to promulgate the theory that the less tem­
perate it is the healthier it becomes. It
has been noted, and tho comment seems
justified by the fact, that the superstition
about Christmas weather has been much
stimulated during the present generation by
tho influence of Dickon's Christmas stories,
the atmosphere of whioh is almost urutorm
ly bracing, not to say bleak.
Toney Price for Tiii?y Preaching.
Gen. Grant and U. S. Grant, Jr., each piid
fpl, 00 for a pow nt tho auction salo ef pews
in Dr. Newman's new Congregational church.
Mcssis. Putnaa aud Hunt aioo paid $1,000
Shepherd Ivnapp $060 and Itussel Sago $050.
It is not stated that Newman ha« given up his
Methodist ideas, but only accepted a ca I.from
a Congregational church.
HENRY VESSEY,
—DEALER IN-
General Merchandise!
ELDRIDCE, D. T.
A complete assortment of Groceries, Dry Goods, Ilardwaro, Tinware, etc. I also kee^ a
full supply of Flour, Feed, Oats, Corn, Potatoes, and all kinds i.l Merchantable produce.
fact, I have everything that is calculated to make the world happy
Watcfinaker and Jeweler!
—AND DEALER IN
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Fancy Goods, Station­
ery, &c., &c.
Watch Repairing a Specialty. Sign of tho Blaok Watch.
FRONT STREET, ... JAMESTOWN,
H. T. ELLIOTT,
General Land
—AND DEALER IN—
Railroad, Government, and Deeded Lands, also, Grand Rapids Town
Lots. Contracts made with non-resldento for breaking
and improving their lands.
GRAND RAPIDS, DAKOTA.
GRAND RAPIDS 0. 0.
ORAND RAPID#,
Jr
HALL & SOX,
General Merchants!
AND DEALERS IN
LUMBER, HARDWARE, AND ALL BUILDING MATERIAL. "Ss
Settlers' and Tourists'.8uppliee_ a Specialty. We carrv a well-assorted and first-class Mock
men' aM Tourists'.Supplies a specialty, we carrv a well-assorted and first-*
jot (frocerics, Dry Goods, Glassware, Crockery, Tinware, Provisions,
Clothing, Woodenwarc, Drugs and Medicines,
Farmlng Tools.
'JP?-
Agent I
D. STOBE,
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