Newspaper Page Text
VOJ-. VI-NO. 37.
McGLUKB- I. o. WABNOOK. Proprietor Editor THEME is vigorous kicking in the bouse of the territorial legislature over the ex hibltion of gall on the part of the council in unending house bills seemingly only for the flake of amendment, lit some cases the amendment consists only in a slight chantre of phraseology, without al tering the sense or meaning of the bill Some of the house members look upon it as aa indignity and a reflection upon the intelligence of that body. The spirit that has been aroused is not iikely to inure to the harmony of action between th two bodies, and if it is not mollified in some way, threatens to break out in reinitiation of like kind upon the council. THE bill, wmch seems likely to pass, taking a range of townships from the east side of Burleigh county and range 69 on the west side of Stutsman and add ing them to Kidder county will probably be supplemented in a short time by a bill dividing Kidder into two counties where by Steele will be safe as the county mat of one and Dawson and Tappan will scramble for the other. This seems to be the end in v'ew at the beginning and possibly at no very distant day the new witiip county which will contain the two latter towns will look with covetous eye upon about two more ranges of the west side of Stutsman. Tlu se results are only as yet conjectural, but guess work is good as any when it hits. TBS Mandan Pioneer, after making ex tracts from objections urged against wo men suffrage by a few exchanges, comeB back at them in kind as follows: "This enumeration of manual employments as a proposed qualification to female suffrage strikes us as being about as sensible as it would to require of a candidate for elec tion to the Dakota legislature, a certifi-j cate of ability to diu, hoe, saw wood, fill water pails and woed boxes and get up early in the morning to make the fires." There is more point than poetry in the suggestions of the Pioneer, and it is bare ly possible that when the ladies come to be voters they will inquire into the hnbits of the candidate with ieference to build ing fires and that many of them will be found wanting in this exemplary demes tic qualification. THE proposed amendments to the ter ritorial public school laws, by Gen. Bea dle, superintendent of public instruction, arc said to be voluminous,—so much so that some good suggestions aro liable to be lost for the want of time and inclina tion on the part of the members to sesrch them out. The public school law should be concise, and free from all surplusage of words, so that the people can easily understand it without the trouble or ex* pense of conferring with a lawyer to find out what it means. The school law is the people's law, and should not be mud dled with ambiguities and technicalities. It la the one law above all others whi«h the common people should be able to comprehend. Simplicity and perspicuity are virtues in the school laws which should on no account be neglected. THE somewhat pretentious and ambi tions town of Huron, Dak., is putting on metropolitan airs by getting up a dyna mite scare. Fifteen groups, each inde pendent of and unknown to cnch other, have been discovered. These groups are all said to owe allegiance to the higher dynamite powers at Chicago. The euri ons thing about it is that these several groups, of five members each should be come knowr. to outsiders and not know of each other. Possibly it may turn out, after public attention has been attracted to the place, that it is all a hoax and some schemer will take advantage of the noto riety to bring to the notice of tho public some rare bargains in the lots of a new addition just platted to the town with a block "reserved" for the capitol building in the center. Ot eouise no true Dako tan would originate such a sensation for a mercenary purpose, but so:iie might take advantage of it to put a Hon on the market. addi THE bill making an appiopriation of $45,0(0 for the erection of an agricultural college building at Fargo has passed the council. This is a movement towards long deferred justice to the metropolis of the Red river valley and the Alert hopes the bill will pass the house without oppo sition. The location of the college at that place two years ago without an ap propriation was an indignity which that city magnanimously pocketed without re sentment, but further tantalizing with the eicpty honor would be to pass that point where forbearance ceases to be virtue. Fargo, through her enterprising newspapers and citizens, has done more to boom and make Dakota fimous throughc utthe world than any other ci'y or town in the territory and has bten least favored by public institutions. Far go is and will continue to be to Dakota wlwt Omaha is to Nebraska, and it is no advantage to any other town or city in the territory to clip the wings or tbit en terpriaing city. SOKE of the aspirants for the Fargo postofflce seem to be very uncultured in ways political. They are circulating petitions, which are being signed mdis crimraateiy, requesting the powers that are to be in Washington to appoint so and so postmaster at the Dakota gateway. Thoae who imagine that such petitions will ever be read by the powers that are to be at Washington should take the earliest opportunity to disabuse their minds of the hallucination- In the states the member of congress, it in accord polit ically with the administration, controls the postofflce appointments in his district regardless of petitions, and if he is not of the political faith some other man way up in Washington circles controls them, in tbe territories the dt legate in cougress is tbe dispenser of these federal appoint ments. A* the delegate elect from thi tenitory W a republican he will have no nay la the matter, but that prestige will probably fall to Mr. Wilson, his competi tor in the late election, if he chooses to uae it. Petitions for such positions, or amy other of like source for that matter, My be very flattering documents for pres to hand do »n to posterity as a 1 of the of the father, but for political purposes they are a waste pf the stationery upon which they are written. As Mr. Cleve land has said, and says be means just what he said when he said it, that he will not dismiss a republican ofilcc holder just because be is a republican to give place to another person who may happen to be a democrat, the probabilities are very strongly favor of Col. Tyner holding down the Fargo postofflce until the lime for wbich he was appointed expires—un less be should be accidentally killed while leading his militia warriors in some coun ty seat conflict. THERE seems to be a sort of Siamese ligament binding irreverence anfedemoc racy together. Whether it is a freak of nature, or an Inexorable law of affinity we will not pretend to say, but we are in clined to the latter opinion. The subject is suggested by rca iing an article in the Demociat at Valley City on the church fight in progress at that place which the irreverent editor, Vallandigham, desig nates as the "holy war." One of the ministers is under bonds to keep the peace on complaint of the other minister that he feared death or great bodily injury at the bands of the first, and the other is under bonds to the grand jury to answer the charge of interfering with public worship, but that does not justify the irreverent manner in which the editor of the Democrat refers to the case. If the Alert had been guilty of such an irrever ent expression the "Ironsides" and "Mon itors" of Jamestown would have deluged our contemporary with "Open letters to the editor of the Alert" accusing us of being a "censurer of ministers." SOME of the members ot the legislature might save a fragment of reputation in introducing bills by stating and having it go on record that such and such bills by request." They would better give the bill away than ex pose themselves to criticism. For in stance, when a bill is iatroduced to change county lines, state that it is presented by request of whatever townsite company originated it or, when instigated by a railroad company, give the name of the railroad, and the name of the railroad at torney that drew the bill might be casu ally mentioned. It is not neccessary to state what "incidentals" accompanied it. These can be inferred by the constituent of average perceptibilities, and it is not eceesary to take up the time of the leg islative body in which the bill may be in troduced iy furnishing an invoice of these details or their present and prospective value. These are mere matters of private concern, but the bill itself is a subjcct of public interest, and it would often facili tate a proper understanding of its object and purport to know where and by whom it originated. are introduced THE threat made by a louthsrn member of the legislature to revive the capital re moval scheme is perhaps nothing more man me Drawling of an agitaior who imagines that ho is earning the money he reenves from the government by vir tue of his posi'ioa in keeping alive a senseless and sectional strife over a 8et tied question. Tho people of the tcrri tory have had quite enough of this boy's play and damphoolishness on the subject of removing the capital, wbich at best is nothing more than a town lot speculation with perhaps a "divy" in it. The people of the territory are not only satisfied with the capital at Bismarck, where a good building is provided without expense io them, but we believe a large majority arc opposed to removal at their expense, as it will be the next .ime it is moved. The removal of the capital neans a tax upon the people of from $100,000 to $200,000, and a town ot speculation to some syndi cate of schcmcrs, and that is all there is in it. Ths Dakota legislature has some little reputation left for honesty and re gard for the interests of t.ie people, but if they engage in another wrangle over the removal of the capital they will be hopcles.rly bankrupt in these virtues in the estimation of all fair minded men. IT IS amusing to read the sophistry and eyasion with which the Pioneer Press, through a full editorial column, attempts to answer a half column article from woman on the subject of women suffrage, the article having been written in reply to a column editorial in that paper the Sunday before the women suffrage bill berore the Dakota legislature. It is not often that the P. P. go's into a corner from which there is no escape, but it is effectually corncrcd on this question. By a few strokes of the pen this lady sweeps away every argument offered iu objec tion to conferring the right of suffrage upon women by the P. P. and so thor oughly annihilates them that it does not even attempt to sustain them, but em ploys the tactics of wplnstry to weaken her strong points and evasion as to those that are absolutely invulnerable. The remainder of the editor al is made up of mere visionary assumption which can neither be sustained nor refuted by logic or fact. In answer to the great bugaboo of contamination by mixing with the vicious and corrupt at the polls she an swers with the momentum of a double header that the polls are now what men make them, and intimates that it is not very complimentary to them to admit that they have made the voting place un ht for the presence of woman The so ciety of women is encouraged at respect able places—at benevolent gatherings, at political demonstrations, at celebrations, at picnics, a'. danc s, at the skating rinks, al theaters and at entertainments, and why should not ti voting places be made respectable enough for her too? IN view of president elect Cleveland's letter on the civil service there is no probability th.it Gov. Pierce will be re moved from his position as governor of this territory. Gov. Pierce certainly does not come under the ban of the "of fensively partisan," nor under that «-f using his official position as personal cap ital. If he shall be displaced it will be a clear case of "removal because he is a re publican to give pl.ice to some one else w.»o may happen to be a democrat," which Mr. Cleveland has declared he will not o. Gov. Pierce has oonducttd him aelf and performed the duties of bis office scientlous manner as to command the esteem and elicit the admiration of all good citizens of the territory whatever their political opinions may be or in whatever section of the territory ttiey may happen to reside. He is the gover nor of the whole territory and is actuated by a desire for the good and prosperity of all its parts. He is not mixed up in any ot the factional strifes nor engaged in any speculations of questionable pro priety. So far as we know and believe he has not a single personal interest at stake that would be benefitted by legislation wbich would not be beneficial to the whole people of the territory. With that dignity which becomes a man in his position, he neither condescends to lobby for any legislation nor even so much as expresses an opinion upon any pending measuie until it comes before lnm in an official capacity for his signature. Ilis veto messages are dignified and respect ful and command tho respect of the legis lature. He has tiic entire confidence of the people and we believe a majority of the democrats t»f the territory would favor his remaining governor. TUE amendment to the Oliver open wheat market bill, offered in the council by Mr. Richardson, of Barnes county, seems upon its unexplained face a very suspicious movement, coming, as it does, from the ranks of the very hot-bed of ag itation on this subject. The amendment was to section ten in the following words: "Nothing contained in this act shall be construed to require any railroad company to" furnish cars to be loaded directly from wagons and sleighs, when the effect of so doing would be to prevent the reception of grain from tho public by any public elevator or warehouse upon 'he railroad fo such :mpanv." This amendment) was killed ou tho spot, it is true, but the responsibility for tbe motive which prompted it still at taches to the mover. We can only judge of the motive by the legitimate and rea souable effect of the amendment. This purported to be an amendment to section ten of the act, but it made all parts of the act subordinate to it, and upon this point it would govern the whole act. The effect of it would have been to shut the farmers out from the privilege of shipping their own gram except there was a surplus of cars over and above what were required by the elevators because, to furnish the farmers cars needed by the elevators would be to "prevent the recep tion of grain from tbe public" by the ele vators and waiehouses on account of their not being able to obtain transporta tion facilities: The striking out of the enacting clause would not have been more fatal to the operation of the farm ers' pet measure than the incorporation in it of this amendment. THE TIDE OF PROSPERITY. As the gray streaks of light on the eastern hnrWnn nrnnlaim U'p the day so do tbe evidences of increasing activity in the east proclaim tbe return of business prosperity. Econoroj', which is the great and potent remedy for hard times, has done its work and ths financial system bas recovered from the excesses of speculation which ran through the whole country a few years ago. When business is active and money flows freely everybody rushes into speculation, the inevitable reaction of which is a financial crash. The abnormal conditions of ex treme buoyancy or depression can no more continue in tbe financial system than in the animal life. The remedy for wild speculation and extravagance is in a crash the remedy for extreme depression is economy. These opposite conditions of tho financial sys tem come and go periodically. Tho last two years have been a period of extreme depression and the people in all stations or life have heroically applied the icmcdy ot economy, a specific for the ill that never has nor ever will fail to cure The earnings by railroads for I he month of January show a large increase over the corresponding month last year, which indicates that the life blood of commerce is increasing in circulation towards the normal condition. Double the amount of wheat was exported the list month than the corresponding month last year and in value about five million dollars more, and of provisions nearly three million dollars more. The signs of the times are auspicious for a good year in all lines of business and all classes of industry. This pros perity will steadily increase until tbe ex treme of extravagance and speculation is again reached when another crash will reverse the tide which will again ebb to the low water mark. The financial tide ebbs and flows about every ten or twelve years. That of 1857-8 recurred in 1871 2, and that in 1883 4. He who takes ad vantage of the flood and hedges against the crash is the successful business man THE SOUTH DAKOTA SIDE SHOW. Among the worst uses to which a news paper can be applied is that of mislead ing the people on subjects of public in terest, and especially misleading those whose interests are affected by the decep tion. Local squibs and amusing non sense are usually harmless and well enough in their place, but the editorial department of any and every paper, how ever small and insignificant tbe sheet may be, is rightfully expected to be re liable when pui porting to give facts upon any question The opinions of the editor are only opinions, and as such are wor'h just what his reputation for judgment makes them. There is an excuse for mistake in judgmeut but none for mis stating facts, unless he is led into it by incorrect or false information. A three-line paragraph in the editorial column of the Valley City Times makes the following misstatement of faci: "The bill making the South pay for lis con stitutional convention has passed the council." The bill referred to provides that tbe teiritonai auditor, upon certifi cate of the presiding officer of the con vention, shall issue warrants upon the territorial treasurer to pay each delegate $3.60 per day and mileage five cents per mile going and coming- That does not look much like "making the South pay tor its conatltutional convention." It is true that the bill further provides that -v- •S H.' -fi* JAMESTOWN. DAK., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1885. the convention "shall in such manner as they may deem best, cause to be levied and collected in the counties represented in the convention a special tax sufficient to pay all expenses ot the convention, and when said tax is collected it shall be paid into the territorial treasury." That proyisibns looks well on paper and presumes South Dakota to be a para gon of honesty as a body politic. We have not the slightest doubt that when this tax s'tall be cMected it will be promptly paid over to reimburse the ter ritorial treasury, but the "finite mind of man cannot comprehend the immeasura* ble cycles of time that will elapse before that tax will be collected. We can see in tbe dim vista of the future the time when the Rocky mountains shall be trodden down to a level plain by the children of men, and when the sturdy pioneers will be taking homesteads ar.d planting tree claims on the dry and arable bed of the Pacific ocean, but the time when South Dakota will reimburse the treasury for the expense of this constitutional conven tion is so far beyond these 111 no human mind can grasp it. It is but giving honor to whom honor is due to remark that Alaj. Edwards, of the Fargo Argus, in his correspondence to that paper from Bismarck, was the first to expose the "true inwardness" of this iniquitous bill in its clandestine raid upon the public treasury of the territory. The probable cost of the convention is es timated at from $20,000 to $25,000, a large proportion of which will be paid out of tbe taxes collccteil from the people of North Dakota. If this conventiou would accomplish any good purpose, that would mitigate the offensivencss of the measure some what, but even this cannot be urged in its favor. It will be a political side show for which tho territory will be held up to ridiculeJiy all the balance of the United States because of its having the sanction of the territorial legislature, WASHINGTON'S 1UI tTII DAY. THE celebration cf Washington's birth day is every year becoming more and ,-nore an event of increased aud universal interest. His life and public scryiccs are models la moral rectitude and political purity held up to the rising generation, and no character in American history excites deeper patriotism or a more loyal spirit of devotion to country than that of Washington. I'hc name has lost none of its luster through the changing scenes and political strifes that have taken place since his voluntary retirement from the bead of the tatunal government and his death soon afterwards. Biilliant lights have sprung up since, but instead of de tracting from the luster of tlu name of Washington they have only added to it. An old English writer said, "W irhas made many great whom peace makes small," and as a rule this is tiue, but Washinntou's erenin«o-= n-oa nrcsdo still greater in jjeace. Washington was born Feb. 11, 1732, but the change from old stylet) the new by striking out eleven days from the month of September 1752 brought tho anniversary of his birth on the 22nd. Ilis father died when tbe future great and greatest ot Americans was only twelve years old, but his mother lived to see him honorea with the highest military position, and afterwards the highest civil office, in the nation. He was inaugurated president the first term April 30, 1789. As the end of that term approached he wrote the greater part of his memoraftlo farewell address, but was induced to withhol 1 it and accept another term at tbe earnest solicitation of his compatriots of the struggle for independence. At the close of his second term March 4, 1797, he retired as he hoped and expected per manently from public life. Complications with France demanded his services at the head of the army again, however, and reluc'antly in personal feeling but obedi ent to the call of his country be assumed the duties. Severe exposure on the 12th of December, 1799, prostrated him from which he ed two days later leaving a name and a record that is honored and revered as far and wide as civilization extends. RAILROAD LEGISLATION The question of railroad legislation is one upon which the people are either hot or cold. The happy medium is scarcely ever reached but to be passed in the swift transition of public sentiment from one extreme to the other. One year the people will involve themselves in debt almost to insolvency and give a mortgage upon \beir posterity to secure railroads and the next they will cry unto heaven under real or imaginary oppressions of these corporations. One legislature will build up the railroad interests by favorable leg islation and the next will tear them down as it were rail by rail. Popular opin:on on the railroad quest ion is as unstable as tbe pendulum of a clock whose most rapid motion is in passing the medium between the two extremes. Railroads are tbe vanguards of .civiliza tion and development of tbe new coun tries. They carry to tho frontier the vim, the enterprise, the capital, the in teliigence and the morality of the east, and their bridges furnish permanent and substantial means of "elevating" outlaws and desperadoes whoso vocations do not conform to the new order of things, and who stand in tbe way of the progress and civilization of the age. But for tbe Pa cific railroads the Great American Desert would still be a desert "uninhabited and uninhabitable" except by the wandering tribes of "noble red men" whose nobility would maintain its pristine purity by scalping and robbing the unprotected emigrant who might venture beyond the picket line of unprogressivc civilization. Railroads should neither be pampered with legislation on the one hand nor clogged by it on the other We need railroads to develop tbe unexplored and inexhaustible agricultural and mineral re sources of Dakota, which never will be fully developed until made accessible by railroad communication. We need not buy the railroads or give t'lem heavy bonuses to extend their lines into this ter ritory. Neither should we throw obsta cles of unfavorable legislation in their Railroad building is purely a 1 THE colony plan of emigration is grow ing moie and more in favor with the peo ple in the eastern states every year, es pecially where the objective point is far distant and in a new country. It re quires considerable resolution of charac ter and sacrifice of personal feeling to tear away from the friends and associa tions of the early and large portion of a lifetime anil push out into an unseen and almost unknown country, to make a new home, form new acquaintances, con tract new associations, adopt new cus toms and endure the necessary privations and unaccustomed inconveniences for the time being incident to a new and unde veloped country. There are attachments to the place of one's childhood that can not and should not be forgotten, and few there are who ever forget them or ceasc to revere and love the home of their childhood. Sumo call this a weakness, but those who do not have such a feeling for llie scenes of their childhood are wanting in some of the highest and no blest instincts of humanity. Every hill and knoll, every rill and creek, every tree in the door yard of the old home, be the home ever so humble, everj associate in play and industry, is a tie which must be broken wheu the fami ly packs up and sets out for a new home in the new country of the west, and these ties cannot be broken without a pang to the sensitive heart. Rather than break these ties many live and die and their children after them in a condition little above penury and want. The great struggle is in starting, in the first stroke to sercr these early and strong ties. Once on tbe way, or at the end of the journey, new scenes, a new life and a new world en grosses the attention aud gradually tho pangs of separution from the old home diminish in poignancy until the former home becomes a thing of pleasant reflec tion for leisure moments and the energies of life arc absorbed in the new. WEEKLY ALERT. nt'ss cnterpriie. They are not built foi the love of a people nor lor glory. It is a financial investment with a view ot realizing profits from it. Any law that hampers tbe successful operation of rail roads discourages their building. The rights of tho people should be protected against imposition and extortion unti competition comes, which will regulate these things better than any statute law and much more effectually. Railroads arc whnt Dakota needs now and needs them badly in many parts of the territory as yet unsettled, and for competition with those already In operation. The colony plan of emigration obyia'cs one of the strong objections to removal to the far west by old and early associates and acquaintances going together, carry ing Willi them their home associations, home customs and home habits. Asso ciation is an instinct of all animal crea tion, mankind among them, ami this ft perhaps one of the strongest animal in aJyauta gcsnbicolonies of emigrants, and especial* ly Notth Dakota, where largo bodies of unoccupied land can be obtained, which is essential to this plan of settlement in NorthjUakota entire townships of land can bd had in a bo ly unbroken by a soli tary settler, not far distant from a pres ent good market, and on the natural lino of future lailroad building. North Da kota opera advantages in this respect to colonyjsettlements that cannot now be found! in southern Dakota for there the best lands are already tiken. In another column we publish an al ticlc from an eastern paper in reference to a colony of soldiers being formed in the state of Vermont. Some of the gen tlemen whose names appear in the ar ticle as being the principal movers in the scheme are personally known to Mr. J. J. Flint, pf this city, and he informs us that they are men of enterprise and prom inence, and the colony being formed by tliem will no doubt bo coaaposc-d of such men and families as will be a desirable acquisition to any part of the tor. itory in which they may decide to locale. The committee will be out here in a few weeks'and we believe Stutsman county can offer them as good location a» any part of the territory and in many respects better .j A large audience, in wbich the ladies appeared to be in the majority, assembled at tbediaptist church last night to hear the discussion of the question of women suffrage by Messrs. W. E. Dodgj and S. L. Glaspell, in the affirmative, and Messrs, A. C. McMillan and L. T. 11am ilton, in the negative. The time was lim ited to fifteen minutes each which shut both Mr. Dodge and Mr. Glaspell off just as they begun to warm lip to the subject. They both made good and logical argu ments'and were loudly applauded in clinching their strong punts. McMillan made a good argument for a side of the question that is without substantial foun dation. Mr. McMillan seemed to feel that he was pulling hard against the stream of public sentiment and progress. Hamilton brought down the house with poetical quotations which he varied to suit the occasion regardless of the rep utation of the author. Mr. Didge was given five minutes to close and was rap ped down at the end of fifteen when be had got well into hts spoech. A lady writing to the Jamestown Alert on woman suffrage, makes a good point when she shows tbe inconsistency of the two vitws so often expressed by conserva tives first, that women influence the vote of their husbands and sons, hence don't need a vote themselves, and second, that women don't know enough to vote any way. This view of the case puts in rath er an undignified light the husbands and sons aforesaid, whose votes are controlled by crcatures too ignorant to control votes of their own.—Mandan Pioneer. Those who have hai their own private wells pumpted dry to supply the fire en gines with water, are kicking against it The city bas several public wells which the council fails to keep in repair and these parties object to having their private property appropriated to public use un der such circumstances. None of them would refuse water when needed for im mediate use, but they do not like the idea of tbe city depending upen their private wells for ammunition for their fire cp para 11 "V vi Vermont Colony of Soldiers. The Vermont colony of soldiers and citizens whioli has been iu contempla tion for organization for nearly a year, assumed a decided and definite shape by a meeting held at Royal ton, I he 14th inst., oc those who had given encourage ment for the organizat ion of a colony to go west. There was a large attendance and a lively interest manifested throughout. The maetiug was called to order by B. F. Bowman, who stated its object, and called for a complete organization. Copt. Lemuel M. Hutchinson, of Worcester, V'.., was chosen chairman of the meeting M. J. Sargent, 'of South Koyalt'n, Vt., secretary Gen. Stephen Thomas, of Montpelier, Captain L. M. Hutchinson, of Worcester, and Lieut. L. D. Leavitt, of East Barnard, Vt., were chosen an advi sory committee to select a location for the colony, tins committee to act in conjunc tion with Mr. B. F. Bowman, who has been given the power of attorney to lo cate the claims of those who have joined the colony. This committee were also chcscn to have charge of plots and build ing on the town site. A committee was selected to organize schools and church and contract for transpoitation. So far about seventy soldiers' claims have been placed in the hands of the attorney and this committee for location and thirteen, citizens' claims, and many more have expressed in writing, a desire to join when the colory has become organized. The project seems very flatteriu for a prosperous, thrifty and enterprising set tlement. Certainly those who have given readily to the enterprise are eminently fitted for the undertaking.—Nearly all aro in the middle age of life, and are a sturdy, enterprising, capable class of men. Suffice it to say, they are Vermonters. It seems necessary and important that the soldiers who desire to locate west, upon government land, should early avail themselves of this opportunity for two reasons: First, those who go with the colony will share alike as far as practical, in the advantages derived ny coloniza tion. ft will be ovident to all that as soon as a settlement is made on any de sirable government land, it forms a nu cleus for further immigration of settlers, which will cut off those who would like to settle with or near the colony. Second, It is also evident that very soon all good, available government land will be ab sorbed by settlers The committee have been assured by good authority that in all probability there will be no «ood farming land, such as the ebstern people wur.t tomakn homes or, to be had in the whole area of the states and territories in the United States in two years from now. The exact point of location is not yet determined upon, but in some part of Dakota. This com mittee, who have been intrusted with the selection of land for the settlement will.leave Jiere thc_. 1st of -AJOEU.— Hum will examine the nest sections of the ter ritory liiat have not been taken up and select that which they deem the best suited for farming, having in view the location on a railroad now bu.lt or one pr ipossed. The colony will have to go sometime between April and September. At the meeting Mr. Chas. A. Brown, agent for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad, and Mr. J. A. Quinn, agent of the Northern Pacific railroad, were both present and both gaye assurance of very low rates for transportation and first class accommodations. Mr. F. Bowman with the advisory committee, will report upon th.ir return home. Any information desired by these who wish to join the colony may be had upon inquiry of M. J. Sargent, Secretary, South Itoval ton, Vt.—Windsor (Vt.) Journal The James Valley Road The editor of the Sentinel has received a long letter from a member of the Chi cago Inter-Ocean force, in the course of which he says "Having seen various statements re garding the recent sale of iheVim River Valley road, I am tempted to give you my impressions on this matter. President Cable, of the Rock Island road, told mc the other day that the purchase of the Jim River line had not been made in the interest of his company, and remarks ol similar purport were made by President Keep, of the Northwestern, and Roswell Miller, Acting General Manager of the St. Paul road. Mr. Cable, how ever, said that in his opinion the purchase had been made by a syndicate of capitalists with a view to selling out to one of tho roads mcnttoncd."—Brown County Sentinel. The Preemption Repeal Hill. The bill which has^passed both houses to repeal the pre-emption act contains a provision important to recent pre-emptors and those contemplating making pre emption cHims. This provision was in serted at the instance of delegate Ray mond of Dakota, and provides that the repeal shall not affect any valid rights heretofore acquired under the prc-emp tion laws, nor any bona fide claims law fully initiated before the 1st day of July, 1885. The same reservation of the rights of bona fide claimants is incorporated in those sections of the bill repealing tbe timber culture and desert land acts.— Pioneer Press. The boat a ot education have decided to ask the legislature to amend the city charter so that the board may elect its own treasurer from one of their number, and to provide for the election of the members of the board of education by the people on the first Saturday [of May in stead of their being appointed by the city council as at present, and without regard to ward restriction of residence. On this latter point Mr. Klaus ard Mr. Lloyd are understood to be opposed on tbe grounds that it would be in the nature of a polit ical contest, those who work most for election being most likely to be elected while the best men for the position would not work to secure election, «and on tie further grounds that opposing sections or both sides of the city would combine together and make thecintest sectional one. Mr. Chambers is deputed by the board to go to Bismarct and nrge these with the legislature. -u-^-r*": The Moral Heroism of (he Revolution ary Patriots. The sermon last Sunday night by Rev. N. I). Fanning, pastor of the Presbyte rian church, was one of peculiar pub lic interest a^ithad particular reference to the moral heroism that actuated the patriots of the Revolution in their devo tion to a principle founded in the eternal and inv'.ncible night of right, ilis text, was the latter clause of the third verse of the third chapter of Hebrews: lie who hath builded the house hath more honor than the house. The discourse was directed to the epoch of thirteen years from the Declaration of Independence to the formation and adop tion of the Constitution. He said there was a distinction between bravery and heroism that a person might be brave in facing danger in a bad cause, but he could not be a hero unless he had as his incentive a consciouiness of right above personal ambition or spirit of revenge. It was not the few elollars tax exacted of the provinces by the British government that stimulated our revolutionary fathers to resistance, but the denial of a principle of right. They had first petitioned and then supplicated the mother country for redress of grievances and restitution of rights. These failing they declared their rights and their independence of a gov ernment that withheld from them these rights. The declaration of independence contained forty-one counts of indictment against the mother country which were unanswerable and indefensible. It pro claimed the inalienable rights and politi cal quality of man, and was a revolution of ideas of government more than a revolt against the British government, and that idea was constructively the idea upon which the constitution was founded though the words were not incorporated in it that the idea was further curricd out in the emancipation and enfranchisement of the colored race, but would not hp. fully realized until every man aud woman of mature age and sound mind in the United States is invested with the power and right of directing government, a govern ment which derives its just powers from the coLscnt of the governed. These were the principles for which our fathers left their homes and families dependent upon them and braved the dangers of conflict with the most po.verful nation in the woild for which they left a trail of blood from their unshod teet in the retreat across the Delaware, and endured the torture of hunger and cold at Valley Forgo. A mere handful of men almost without munitious of war in a wilderness, with foes in front and behind tbcm, and with savages on the right and upon the left, amid the sneeis aud jeers of the na tions of the earth waging a war oi a®. fen3e of right against a nation whose fleets sailed the monarch of every sea, they were sustained by moral heroism through a conflict such as the world bad never seen before. Republics in name Greece and in Rome, but they were not the rule of the common pet pie. The heart of the people is right, and where the people ru!c every wrong will be righted. There will be individual dif ferences of opinion, but upon the general principles of right and justice the great heart of the nation can be trusted, and the majority ol the people have the moral heroism to declare for the right. The Fargo Banquet. The banquet given by the people of Fargo last Saturday evening to the mem bers of the territorial legislature and other distinguished officers and citizens in honor of Washington's birthday, .will long be remembered with happy reflect ions by those who attended and is another star in the already glittering crown of enterprise so worthily worn by the me tropolis of the Red River valley. There were present the entire supreme court, eighteen members of the territorial council and thirty-four of the house, be sides a number of other prominent citi zens and newspaper representatives, all of whom speak in the highest terms of the royal hospitality extended to them. Fargo not only has a tar famed reputation for not doing things by halves, but rather tor surpassing the most sanguine expecta tions, and on this occasion she burc ish ed rather than marred that enviable record. To mentiou the part of one iu particu lar is to refer to all in general In the suc cess of the eff-rt to entertain the distin guished guests, and it is no dispargement to others to say that General Clark, manager of the Argus, who took a lead part in the arrangements did it thorough ly and well. The speeches, which in the mam were impromtu, were witty and appropriate and were well received by the immense audience assembled in the presence of the speakers. That of Major Pickler, who was the observed above all by the ladies, he being tbe hero and champion of the woman's sufferage bill in the bouse, kept the audiance in a roar of laughter or tumult of applause by his pertinent per sonal hits and sallies of wit during the entire delivery of his off hand speech. Majjr Edwards, the heavy weight of the Argus, who never loses an opportunity of tcnguc or pen to show up the glories of Fargo, made a very happy .speech, in the main historical of the rise and pro gress of the gate way to North Dakota. The best of feeling prevailed through out the entire programme and this ban quet will do much to wipe out the sect ional feeling and bitterness that may have heretofore existed between the people of North and south Dakota. The Barnes County Reexird leports in quotation marks the words of Rev. ex»d ford, ot Valley City, addressed to a lady witness in the hearing before a justice of the peace as follows: "You did not ex pect this did you? A woman bas no right in tbe parlor her place is in ths kitchen or cellar, the best placc for her is in the cellar." She had testified that she saw Rev. Woodford and some other persons enter the church from her parlor win dow. If tbe worst that has ever been said of Rev. Root be true he still loam* up heavenward in comparison with man who gives expwwm to the worts quoted above. Bis S'i.OO PER YEAR. Another. Woman After Prof. FokyVsf Scalp. !H JAMESTOWN, Feb. 21, 1886. Mit. EDITOR.—Your correspondent frcui VVindsor answers most of the' 'profemor's'' arguments againEt womaa suffrage^J but there is one point untouched by either party upon which the writer asks to he J" heard. The "Prof." informs".us that women obtain their rights now, by influencing husbands' votes, but neglects to specify in what manner widows and spinsters are to become possessed of their share of pohtl a As the female portion of tbe population of America is in excess of the male, it is clear that they cannot all enter into their kingdom through the golden gate .of matrimony, unless by the Mormon method of a plurality of wives, wbich might seem a satisfactory solution of the diffi culty to our anti-woman-suffrage solons, but scarcely so to the parties concerned. o'clock after wbich the devotees of Terp sichorc repaired to an adjoining room where they tripped the light fantastic, A Black Hills Cave. Dead wood Pioneer: The Star No. 1 mine in Gelena district is owned by Billy Richardson and Leyi Deffebacb. Mr. Blood and partner took a contract to run a tunnel, and after getting in about twenty five feet struck a body of sixty ounce silver rock. They penetrated the ore body but a short distance when they broke into a large crevice two feet or more in width, that is almost vertical. A rope was procured and a lighted candle lowered 1C0 feet where a shelving projection prevented it from going fur therdown. Stones were dropped in at the top and they could be heard striking along the side for along distance below the candle. The owners of the mine will explore this natural shaft and will go to the bottom of it as soon as a wind lass can be erected to raise and lower the miners. 0 The illustrious "Professor's" statement that not ono woman in twenty-five could vote intelligently, reminds the writer of I tbe old story concerning the individual ',s who entertained a stage full of passengers': by a dissertation upon tbe faults of the weakr sex, whom he declared were totally destitute of honor or virtue. At the cotv elusion of his tirade, one of his audience 4 quietly remarked,' I hope the gentleman means liis own mother and sisters, nt ours" In concluaion the writer opines that it is quite as well for superintendent Foley's official aspirations that the council has 'sat down upon" the wocan suffrage bill, but he can rest assured that in the "sweet bye-and-bye" when such a bill is as sure to become law, as the earth 13 to keep moving, that the women of Stuts man county will not forget his kind as sistance in this matter, nor his flattering estimate of their capabilities. CHUD A peculiarity of the hole in the rocks is that there is a constant ebb and flow of air through it. For two and a half minutes the air comes up and then for: about the same length of time it goes down. It evidently connects with some subterranean cavern, that has an outside opening somewhere. v« Another Chaacc for DakoU Strife. FARGO, Telegram, Feb. 16.—The an: nouncement in a telegram from Mitchell, Dak., that a syndicate had been fonrod!^^ in South Dakota for the distribution of^^ territorial patronage,"and that Mr.^deve-" .• land had signified himself as satisfied with the arrangement, is viewed here as attempt of the democrats to make terms with John 11. Wilson, as Dead wood, who has the backing of nine-tenths of the democrats in Dakota, both for the next governor of the territory and as dispenser of patronage. The braves of the south— Day, Liebach, luman and others—we the same personages who left Mr. Wilson make his fight single handed, and refused to extend either financial or political aid or comfort to him during the lata The north is unanimoasly in Savor ot Wilson for governor, and determined to oppose the self-seeking south Dakota gang of democratic proselvtes —PtoaWf Press. Tbe funeral of Mr. John McCaig took place Saturday from Dr. ttelWi about fourteen miles northwest of town. The funeral •errlees dncted by Kev.»- D. ftaalag, the Presbyterian church of tin cltf. Tho burial waa at Highland He died ot canccr, aeveaty years. Hetawoa* cbiMrew, the lottov Mriyolt 1 l4 fi 33 'ins '"V/J ANOTHER FAIK ONE AFTETT THE I'iiOFESSOK, JAMESTOWN, Feb. 21.1885. I see by the Alert that Ptofessor Foley don't think much of the woman's suffrage bill. I don't blame him as he is not much of a favorite with the ladies* and would stand poor show for re-election- From Coriaae. »CORBINSE, Feb. 14, 1885. Ei»i roii AtEirr:—'The young folks of Corinnc and Durham in order to profit by the delightful winter weather which we are enjoying here instituted a series of weekly entertainments to be held at the different residences in this vicinity during the rest of the winter. The third of the series was held on Friday evening the 13th inst. at the residence of Mr. E. F. Horn, the obliging postmaster of Dur ham. About thirty persons were present who enjoyed the hospitality of Mr." Horn and his accomplished' wife. Tbe lore part of the evening was spent in singing, games, and friendly social conversation. 4r i" 11 --jig* Ji 1 until the "wee sma1 hours of morning." Mr. H. being a zealous Sunday school worker was not much in favor of danc ing at first but when the enchanting strains of the violins pervaded the atmos phere of the spacious apartment he for got the precepts inculcated by his Snnday school teacher G. A. Tucker and pro ceeded to take an activc part in the Terp sichorean festivities. Such entertain -. ments as these should lie encouraged since they relieve prairie life of that dull mo notony and social quietness whizh the ab-: sence of such gatherings frequently en genders. ZENO. 3i 4 •A? ma llilf