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CC/C VOIi. VIII.—NO. 3. Wtll"*T T- McOLVBE. J. O. WABMOOK. Propria tot Editor THE state of Kentucky can always be depended upon for feuds and shooting sensations. Feuds seem to be the princi pal inbe'itance of one generation from another, and like dynamite, only wants a jar to cause an explosion. Kentucky ob tained the sobriquet of the "dark and bloody ground" in its early history and it has maintained it ever since even against the competition of llie state of Texas. A person must posses* a charmed life to live out a natural life tune in Kentucky, es pecially if any of liis ancestry had trouble with any one whose descendants are liv ing. It is against public policy for them to inflic^ ctpital .punishment for murder as it would depopulate the state. Iowa papers are kicking against the nuisance of meteoiological terms by which every electrical disturbance or violent storm is called a cyclone or hurricane thereby giving the state an unenviable reputation abroad. There Is a good eal of truth in this. It is akin 10 calling every little snow Hake and heavy frost in Dakota a hliat/.ard in which misuse of the term the Iowa papers are not excelled by those of any state in the union. It is not probable that Iowa has any worse storms now than she bad twenty or thirty years ago but it is only la'e years that cyclones haye been heard of in that state. They used In he called whirlwinds, and were as furious as they are now in the name of cyclones, but there were not so many towns and farm houses lo devastate as there are now. (own paper**, however, should let up on Dakota hlimrd* beloie I hey ask compromise on cycloms THE death cf a minister in England a short time ago has brought out the fact that he had employed a voman to elect his subjects and texts and compose his f-ermons. He hail promised by way of compensation torememher her in his will, but he died without making a will and she put in her claim against bis estate. The lady was the wife of the foreman of a manu'.actorv in the town wliero the minister olllciated as pastor. There is a good deal of woman's brain work given out to the world as the genius, thought ami mental product of man. Many of Henry Clay's great speeches were said to have been composed and written for him by his wife. Andy Johnson's wife taught him to read and write, and perhaps if the whole truth was known many other statesmen reflected more of the ituud of woman than they gave out of their own or had of their own to give out. THE national reunion of the grand army of the republic now lieing held at Portland, Maine, is a grand affair, but like all feasts tins its skeleton, and that skeh ton is an unintended and unfortu nate Insult by the city authorities. When he old veterans lugan lo assemble the city authorities put on a large extra po lice torse. This action was mistaken by (be warriors hs a reflection npon them as exemplary citizens, and they resented it by resolution. There was perhaps noth ing farther from the intentions or houghts of ibe city autl'oritles thau a reflection upon the old soldiers. The object was QO doubt to guard against the hoodlums and pickpoi kets that congregate at sucb places and prevent annoyance to the sol tlicis from sucb scoundrels. This cir cumstance illustrates bow easy it is to mistake an act of kindness and miscon strue a generous consideration into the very opposite of what was intended. IT ia nearly always the unexpected that happens, and perhaps no finite mind can anticipate what the next ruling ol United States Laud Commissioner Sparks Will be. If be has a grudge against the new countries of the west he is making sure and thorough work of satiating ven geance in alopathic doses. He may next declare the public lund laws uncoustitu tional. Tne best service he could do his country would be to resign, if he would agree to die within the next six months on condition tbe territories of the west and northwest would build him a rnonu ment, Dakota herself would guarantee one as large as tbe colossal pyramid on tbe plain of Gizeb, which ought to satisfy I he ambition of any ordinaiy American oitizen clothed with the little brief au thority of federal appointment. Of co.irse (he people of Dakota do not wish Com missioner Sparks to die, but it in the providence of God he should he removed (hey would with one voice say in the most submissive spirit: "The Lord gave and tbe Lord taketh away." THK South Dakota papers that favor the constitutional convention are just now ei gaged in the rather large contract of whipping in the kickers. The news papers that champion the constitutional convention for tbe material it will furn ish for discussion, and those men who are ambitious to be delegates for the emoluments, $2.59 per day and mileage, are about the only ones that are taking much interest in the matter. The 30th nit. was the|day appointed bv the act of Ibe legislature for the eliction of dele gatea ia Ike several feeyoad this it counties, and it raa la ttuktoendMriasfH eoavnattoa dele gate* There is ao doubt tkt convention will be hald, aad htkl loag aaoo(k to ex ttfca (00,000 bail intba territorial Thus far the ccnvration ba a Iraud npoa times when bank presidents are held to answirinthe criminal court as a com mon thief. The custom has been to send tbe poor devil who steals a few dollars to tbe penitentiary for the greater part of bis natural life time and let the bank tbief, with the title of president or cash ier, not only go free but condole with bim in bis misfortune while he retires to some fashionable resort on his poverty or drowns his troubles in a tour of Eti rope. When bank officers come lo un derstand that they will have to wear Ze bra suits Ibe same as any other thief who defrauds and robs people of their money there will be less bank suspensions and more security to the people. THE Sioux Falls Press assumes that the objection raised against tbe constitution al convention on account of the expense not sincere and is urged because no good reason can be offered against the convention. After disposing of the ob jection in this cool manner the Press goes on to say that the proportion of the ex pense to Sioux Falls and couuly will be atioiil $300, and the mem will the peopla'a treasury, will be pi a ridiculous fan*. Pnun the gate to tbe penitentiary at Atthura, Mew York, never opened to re ceive a more serving convict than when the officer applied Hie other day and introduced James D. Fish, cx-presi deal of the Marine bank of New York, With a request from the court lhat he he guarded against handling other people's money for the space of l«n years. W hen Boas Tweed was banded over lo the au tbonlie* of Sing Sing, t« the question as to his occupation he repliod lhat he was "a statesman," but the dispatch does not Mate what Fish gave as his profession. His business seesas to have been gigantic •winding, but it is likely he gave some other more euitonioua name Ior his oc capatim. is happy omen of the Iters of the con vention and lobby will spend about $20, 000 in the city, which will be a benefit to the whole county That is about the coolest piece ol gall we have seen offered in favor of the South Dakota constitu tional convention. So fai &s Sioux Kalis is concerned her advocacy of the conv tion is fully explaine I in the above, but why the'sum of $20 000 should be taken from the territorial ticasnry to be expend ed in that city mid county my not tie so obvious. It will no doubt be a good Hung for Sioux Kails, hut where the benefit to oilier parts of the territory 1 THK elite of Washington City are m fatuated with Old Sitting Bull aud his gang who are being exhibited there under the stage management of Buffalo Hill. A.n audience of 4,000 people from the bon ton vircles of the city greeted them a few nights ago. Mr. S. Hull took the com pliment as an ovation lo him and consid ers himself a bigger man than the presi dent. The belles of Washington are all broke up on the old sinner of mingled ebony and copper hue, whose name they pronounce in suppressed voice behind their fans, and if he could dispose of his two wives out in Dakota he would spread consternation among the Washington dudes us a masher. Those impressible, sentimental belles ol Washington City would have some of the romance taken out of their souls if they should visit the tepee of the old Sioux desperado and inur derer on the banks ol the Missouri river below Bismarck. There is no accounting for tastes generally, nor for the taste of the Washington belle iu particular. », TEXAS repudiates the hew translation en the ground llr.l taking hell out of the King's English is equivalent to taking Texas out of existence. The two terms have for a long time been regarded as sy nonymous. We lielieve it was old sena tor Hen. Wade, of Ohio, who first made a distinction, and he did it by asserting that if be "owned betl and Texas he would as choice rent out the latter and make his home residence in the flrst named place." The name Texas as. a synonym for hell perhaps is too harsh ex cept while that vast territory was under tbe dominion of Mexico. But since its divorce from tbe Mexican government and annexation to the United Spates it is entitled to the milder term—purgatory. However, Texas is progressing apace with theology aoJ it is a singular co incidence that theologians did not ex punge liell from the bible until Texas had undergone much improvement in moral development and accial elevation. SF.VKKAb Dakota politicians recently Hssured the St Paul Glolie that Hon. Hugh .1. Campbell, ex-United States dis trict attorney for this territory, was re moved for cause when Hon. John E. Car land was appointed. I'hcy assert that tbe order was issued May 23d, and the cause assigned was fomenting strife and extravagant u«e of government money. |f this be true, the One (t ilian band of ex Gov. Ordway becomes visible, for these are the points the governor sought lo make against Mr. Campbell in an inves tigation which he instigated last fall. jV. Ordway probably took some pains to see that the evidence before that in vestigation should come to the notice of the ne~* administrati s. Of course Mr. Campbell was not guilty of such aa abuse of the prerogratives of Ins office, but there are a great many good men in the territory who will die with the belief in their hearts that he was guilty and da served official decapitation. Ex Gov. Ordway is no doubt satisfied with tbe re sult whether he had any direct band in accomplishing it or noit. IN closing his ministerial career of nearly half a century, and setting h»s house in is prebabb that the intonated parti* as abate aaccoedad iadrammiag up ito form atoetwa polla and order for laying down his life which has past its three score and ten years, a point and »ge rcached by com paratively few, Itev. Henry Ward Beech er is divesting theology of some of its un reasonable vagaries and superstitions One of lh^ is the ordinance of baptism, which be terms "aa Innocent delusion" whui considered an a regenerating force, or a washing away of sin iaheritcd from Adas. He says there is ao such thiag as Adam's sia ia aa infant. Nevertheless, says he would baptise a child at tbe poiat of death If tbe parentt thought it would Le safer bv it, not that ha thought it would make the slightest difference with the child, but because it would com fort tbe paren's. The venerable preacher says the same is true of adult baptism, though he ad mits that if when an adult receives bap lisni he may have associated with it suGh notion of the beginning of anew life that it will stimulate his own force of moral energy |o gieater effort, it mr.y do him good. Tlierc are perhaps many ceremonies in church worship and formal identifica tion with I tie cnurch as members that arc superstitions witli the less intelligent members, but with others the same forms and cerenwwtes #1* symbols which im press important w) i«'tractive piritual lessons. JxuJiing jipop |ip #4*wii*tr». tinn of baptism in any of its forms from a purely intellectual and philosophical S "'V^ *4 aV $ standpoint it appears ridiculous. From an ignorant and superstitious standpoint it appears to be the gateway to heaven and an essential requisite to salvation. From the standpoint of intelligent spirit ual life and thought it is a sublime sym bol sealing a formal covenant with God in a new life. The one who receives it as from tl.e first named standpoint makes it a mockery. The one who receives it as from the second standpoint is laboring under a delusion, but he or she who re ceives it from the third standpoint re ceives spiritual inspiration and benefit from it. There are ceremonies and for malities in every society, organization and association in which there is system, and it does not detract from the church that they are found in it. There arc forms and ceremonies »hich all observe in the burial of the dead that are as absurd as any ot the forms and ceremonies in tbe churches, when viewed from an intel lectual standpoint.. What is the good of all this, ia a question that may be asked but cannot be answered of a thousand formalities and ceremonies of every con dition of society and life. j— Tr*K one great anxiety over anil above all others with Oeu. Grant, seems to be to complete his memoirs of the war before his death. As soon as he recovered liis voice so as to speak in a whisper he re sumed dictating to his stenographer. The general is probably hastening his death by the laborious application he is giving to this work. It will probably tie the moDt coriect and comp.'ete history of the war in existence or that ever will be writ ten. As a mle men will unconsciously or through egotism seek to magnify hem selves in giving the history of events in wnicli they took a prominent part, but we believe Gen. Grant will studiously and effectively guard against this predisposi tion. He has shown an unprejudiced mind in his references to other generals and a spirit of fairness towards them that Is remarkable, as in the case of Fit/. John Porter, whom he placed right befoie the world after long years of condemnation, to da which he had to admit that be had been wroug in his judgment of the case, and he did it manfully and noblv even at the cost of antagonism from his most, ad miring friends. Tin*: Bismarck Journal is laboring un der the delusion of misplaced confidence. It presumes that the money wtiich will he drawn from the territorial treasury to pay the expenses of the Smith Dakota constitutional convention will be refund ed. Col. Lounsberry is presumed lobe th^author of lh» item in.llie Journal ex pressing this belief. The colonel being scrupulously, honest himself considers everybody else honest, and if everybody else was as honest as Col. lounsberry the Alert docs not doubt for a moment that this money would' be refunded. But they are not, and that seltles it to our mind. We do not believe this money wilt be refunded, neither do we believe that South Dakota ever intended to re fund it. Thev don't have to. They can not be compelled lo do it. That part of tbe bill is a snare and a fraud, as the con vention itself will be a delusion and a farce. Tbe constitution that may be adopted at Sioux Falls will either be re j' cted by the people, or if not rejected, be ratified by so small a majority that it will I erish in its infantile weakness in the congressional committee room. Aftek his recent visit to the Pacific coast sina'.or John Sherman, ol Ohio, is reported lo have expressed a complete change of heart on the Chinese immigra tion question, lie voted against the bill pjobibiling immigration of the pigtail ce lestials, but now says they are an unmiti gated evil and that he will vote aguinst Iheir immigration in Hie future. It is not a violent premmplion that this con pillion of the Ohio statesman was wrought b/ tb^r causes than what he saw on a flying trip through the sunset slope of the continent, ror A^h^«fc^a£AiHiwHkAA^j^A^gflhf^,Tj[1.ii^iffifiiifflMi?iitrtiVSr,Trfr^iit'7rifl^-i?-TlAil1fii^itYfifr4 it would bp very uncomplimentary to his ability and dignily to say that he is been voting upon the question in such dense ignor ance as to fayor as a blessing what he now pionounces an unmitigated evil. The (act that the Pacific slope will wield considerable influence in the next nation al republican convention, and the further fact that the distinguished senator will be a candidate before that convention for the nomination to the presidency of the United Slates may possibly have bad llieir Impressive and convincing influence upon his mind person shall be held to answer lor a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, un less on a presentment or indictment of a giand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war and public danger. Artic'e V, Constitution U. S. The state ol Nebraska has abolished the grand jury system and now it remains to be seen whether it b»s has transcended its legitimate legislative po-.vers in doing so or not. There does not seem to be any discretionary powers in the premises left to the state governments. This provis ion of Hit federal constitution Is explicit. It been recognized and observed ayery asab n,|qi» as the right pf trial by jury which alao is guaranteed by tbe same conatitu tioa, and if a (late haa the power.to ab-l tab the graad jury it would seem to have power to abolish the trial jury aa well The constitution of tbe United States waa formed aqd adopted while tbe hard chips and oppressions of England, for which the revolutionary war had just been fought, were still fresh in the minds of the people, and it was the desi of the framers of tbe constitution to sacred ly guard the personal rights aud liberties of the people of the new government and the grand juiy was one of these safe guards. This point of state sovereignty will probably Tie tested by habeas corpus jn the flrst irstance of conviction and at tempted punishment without indictment by a grand jury. A great deal has been stid against the exparte and inquisitorial grand jury sys tem, and especially against the average papp) that pom pose it, but nearly all these arguments would apply with equal force against tbe petit jury system. The mis take is in charging the inefficiency and corruption of grand jurors to the grand jury system. As well might the corrup tion of courts be charged against the taws they administer. Neither tl'e grand jury system nor the law will be carried out to their purposes unless virtue and incor ruptible integrity characleiizes the grand jurors and the courts. If the grand jury system is lobe abolished for it* abuses tbe petit jury system and courts might be abolished for tbe like cause. THK otherwise pleasant city of Bis marsk is now said to be undergoing the gossip scandal curse which is about as bad a scourge and pestilence as ever be fell a town. It is lata! to the peace and happiness of the people if not to their lives. One energetic, glib-tongucd gossip can make more hell in a town than there is in the King James translation. The punishment of scandal gossips in ancient tunes was to split their tongues. This punishment seems cruel, but it is not half so cruel as lo defame a woman's good name, which is more than life lo her. Where these scandal mongers abound no woman or family is safe. They arc to be dreaded far more than "the pestilence which stalkctli abroad at noonday and wastelh away at night." Woman's in humaiiity to woman makes countless thousands mourn. Strange aud unnat ural as it may seem woman's reputation sutlers more from the gossip of her own sex limn from any other source The murderer who takes human life is not so despicable as I he gossiping character as sassin who by insinuation and inuendc blemishes the good name of a woman which, passing from oi.e to another, soon grows into a mountain of scandal, and the innocent and defenseless victim must live and die under the ban of reproach. THOSE patriotic democrats who have a laudable ambition to serve their country in the capacity of federal office holders on big pay and little work should have their credentials ready as Hon. M. II. Day, the recognized democratic federal patronage dispenser for Dakota, will soon be in North Dukota. Whether Mr. Day really holds Ibis prestige or not it seems to be accorded to him by mutual consent of office seekers Mr. Day will no doubt be glad to give ear to the claims of dem ocrats and will provide armed chairs for them outside Ins hotel room door that they may be comfortable while walling turns. Mr. Day never sleeps, so that the office seeker need not in- afraid of intrud ing by calling upon bim at any hour day or night. Ho will be happy to look over yjur voluminous petitions and recom mendations and listen to your pedigree away back into the blue bloods of Eng land. lit lie office seekers can trace their their ancestry back to a Dukedom or Karldom it will be especially interesting to him though it might not count for much in Washington. Mr. Day will be in Bismarck in a few days and if the reg ular trains cannot accommodate the office seekeis that wish to have a conference with liim the railroad company will prob ably furnish specials at a reasonable rate. IT IS curreutly reported that charges have been Aled with Gov, Pierce against two of the regents of the university at Grand Forks, alleging sectarian motbods on their part in conducting tbe affairs of that institution. There is evidently some thing wrong in the management of that institution, and as it is a territorial insti tution we hope tbe wrong will be ferreted out and eradicated, even if the official heads ol some of the regents must drop into the basket. Our public schools must be kept cleat ol sectarianism and the attempt of any church, whatever the name, to force its dogmas or influences npon them should be fr iwneddown. We have no information as to what particular sectarian church these two accused re gents are supposed to be seeking to ad vance nor is that point material lo the objection. Any of the churches is good enough in its place, but its place is not in the public schools. The moral culture anclioned by civilization is a proper sub jec* to be taught and instilled into the minds of pupils of tbe public schools, but no peculiarity of sectarian creed. If the allegations in this ease are sustained by proof we hope U'v. Pierce will make a salulaiy example of the offending regents by peremptorily dismissing them. by state and territory in the union for B«arlr a cratury. It seems to be Tiik atrocious outrage and lieudish murder of the woman in Kidder county this week by a tramp is one of the most aggravated cases in the catalogue of crimes. Even the ferocious beast respects the female of us species, and the demon ip human form who commits a crime against the chastity of woman ny worse than brutal outrage should be hunted down and exterminated from the face of the earth which his presence pollutes. With the merciless heart of a monster and the remorseless cruelty of a demon, he mocks at her pleading for her chastity and ftfjsw era her piteous entreaties tor life with the cruel blow that turns her supplicating appeals for mercy into the death-throe moans of pain, and the light and life of a home has gone out in blood and a family circle forever blighted and blasted. It is tbe proud boast of Dakota that hor women are aad shall be protect •d, aad that no man can commit this mrst heinous outrage upon her and live. Lynch law is desperate remedy and cannot be encouraged in the name of law and order, but the damnable villain who by his atrocious act places himself out side the pale of civilization should perish on the ground of bis own choosing. The enormity of this crime is beyond adequate punsihment by the ciyil law, and where there is no doubt of tbe guilt and identi ty of the monster who commits it, the sooner the world is rid of his presence tbe belter for humanity. Let the murderer who from| malice or avarice imbues his hands in his fellowmin's blood have a trial by his peers in our courts pf law ond justice, but the man who commits this monstrous crime and outrage upon wo man, whose name alone should secure her absolute protection frpm insult and violence, should die like a dog at the bands of her ayengers, »n0 thp spot of ground that covers his debased and des picat)le carcass should be execrated and accursed for his name's sake. 1 -f iim rfh i^iA-1 iWiifltffi• ih -/JiVrliit-ri "V b" 'ii' mTV- In 1 iW* Vii I f'1 rtrr n»in •'•'W rlfiSifVmrri Ma foffriirrtrii1r *~iTi (, £.* --H* Mii ONE of tbe most unjust aspersions cast upon woman as a sex is that she cannot keep a secret, and a great many senseless jests are made and published on thia point. But this is a great mistake, and those who make it either expose their own ignorance or do not say much lor themselves in the associations from which they have arrived at this opinion of wo man. Almost every day instancea of woman's fidelity lo confldence are report ed bud as a rule their faithfulness in this respect is far above the sex that twits aud jests '.hem about iheir inability to keep a secret. A very striking instance of this fidelity is the child-wife of a Mormon now in jail at Silt Lake City for COJ tempt of court in refusing to answer the question as to whether she was ever married to her reputed husband who is being prosecuted for ^blygamy in the United Slates court. She has not only absolutely refused to answer and give up .the secret, but declares she will st ty in jail forever rather lhau answer. "When a woman will, she will, And you may depend on'l lint when she won't, she won't, And that's the end on't." I'KESIOKNT CLEVELAND had a caller the oilier day a little out of the usual or der though perhaps not so disagreeable as many of the office seekers that in ike life a burden to liim. His caller was none oilier llinii the Dakota Sioux chief, Hon. Silling Bull. The old aborigine had nev ers een alive president and as lie had made sucb an impression upon the dudes and 11 ii (I esses of the national capital he concluded to honor the While House with a visit, expecting no doubt to have a grand pow wow in which he would be the center of attiaclion. The president either mistook him for some Dakota democratic otltce seeker or was a little impatient with the mob of patriots al ready surrounding as applicants for posi tions in which to serve their country for their own good, for he dismissed the Sioux Chief as he would a democratic politician with a bundle of endorsements in hand. Mr. Bull was very much offend ed and stalked out of the room with his eagle quills standing up like the pins ol a porcupine. When told by the inter preter that the president was v« ry busy, and that sometimes the pale faces had to stay two moons before tlicy could gain an interview with the president he grunted out the words: "Ugh White man heap damn fool.' The emphasis of his ex pression shows that he is catching onto the Washington vernacular in good shape. iiircit)- is considerable dissatisfaction among the farmers of south and central Dakota over the adjustment of tlieir loss es efiu'cil by rcccnt hail storms. It did not seem lo occur to the farmers, until they suffered actual loss, lhat there is no standard by which the actual loss to a growing crop from hail can be ascertain ed. It is altogether a matter of estimate or guess. I'here is no market value for growing crops upon which base a cal culation. Farmeis recognize the fact that no crop is safe in any country until is in thp garner. There are many con? tingencies which menace a crop and hail is only one of tlicin. The adjustment of such damage must necessarily he com promise or opinion between the insured and the insurance company. From the uaconscious influerce of self interest the one will overestimate and the other un derestimate the damage, and there is no standard of exact justice by which the impartial judge may decide the question. The extent of the damage is subject to the modifications of all contingencies, ant) llie stage of growth and recuperative powers of the plant. The total est rue. tion of a crop that promises thirty bush els lo he acre is not a real damage to the owner to the market price of the crop for September, or what wheal buyers are now willing to contract wheat at that date because there are other contingen cies lhat may befall and totally destroy it. in case of partial destruction by hail there is no way of ascertaing the propor tionate damage- Thpse questions should be settled as far as possible by the terms of the policy and the balance, in ease of misfortune, by reasonable compromise on the part of both the insured and the in surer. Tiik historian is frequently called upon to spoil some gems in eloquence and lit erature, and to do so requires not only moral courage but ofteutimes a great sac rifice of personal feeling. Tlic speech of Hon. ltoscoe Cook ling before the nation al republican conyention in Chicago, in 1880, presenting tjie nqipe of Qcn. Grant far nomination for the presidency has been preserved in many forms as a mas, terpieee of eloquence, which it certainly is. The world-famed reputation of llie orator had prepared the audience to en thuse when Conkling should speak no matter what he might say nor how lie should say it. But on this occasion the great orator at the very outset of his speech raise-1 ifie yasl audience and the Iroa Brigade of 300 delegates to the third heaven 3f enthusiasm by the following stanza: And when asked what state he hnila from. Our sole reply shall be. Ho hails from Appomatox And the famous Apple Tree." That stanza haa been retained in the memory of more people in America per haps than any other in existence. It is based upon the surrender of Gen. Lee, commander of the confederate forces, to Gen. Grant at Appomattox, April 9,1865, and among other incidental cirpumstan: cos, which are nearly all exaggerated, it was stated that the surrender was made under an apple tree and by this exagger ated statement Conkling was led into the above quoted stanza as an effective pre lude to his nominating speech. But noiy it falls to Gen. Gr^at, the hero of the stanza and the great speech that followed, to inform the people through his memoirs that this fanciful circum^ stance was purely imaginary and that the surrender (I'd W take place iinder an apple tree, it is barely possible that if George Washington had written the memoirs of his life he would have spoiled that cherry tree story as Gen. Grant will spoil Conk ling's apple tree stanza. 'i £Zi\ JAMESTOWN. DAK„ THURSDAY, JULY 2,1885. *2.00 PER A BLACKEYE FOB SPARKS. That arbitrary and self-assuming dig nitary styled the commissioner of the gen eral land office, whose surname is Sparks, has received a blackeye from Judge Deady of the federal court in Oregon. The case was one arising under tne pre emptlon laws in which the commissioner of the general land office at Washington some years ago ordered the cancellation of the entry after final proof had been made and the money paid, as commis sioner SparkB baa assumed power to do. The court held that a "certificate of purchase entered in due form, in favor of a prc-emptor, for land subject to eutry under the pre-emption law, canuot be cancelled or set aside by the land depart ment for alleged, fraud in obtaining it but in such case the government must seek redress in the courts, where the mat ter may be heatd and determined accord ing to the law applicable to the rights of individuals in like circumstances and, second, that a purchaser in good faith, and for a valuable consideration, Irom a pre-empt or ot the land included in the latter's certificate of purchase takes the same purged of fraud which might have been committed in obtaining said certifi cate." Tbe court fu. ther says in the decision "When.a certificate of purchase has been issued to a pre-encptor, and no appeal has been taken from the decision or action of the register and receiver, the land des cribed in llie certificate becomes the prop erly of the prc-emptor. He has the equi table title thereto, and has aright to the legal one as soon as the patent can issue in the due course of proceeding and he can dispose of the same and pass his in terest therein the same as if the purchase had been made by a private person." in support of this positiou the court quotes from the United States supreme court decision in which Justice McLean, in delivering the opinion of the court, said: "When the land was purchased and paid for, it was no longer the prop erty of the United states, but of the pur chaser. He luld it for a final certificate, which could no more be cancelled by the United States than a patent." The Ore gon court held that "a certificate of pur chase issued in due form, in favor or a pre-cmptor for land subject to entry un der the preemption law cannot be can celled cr set aside by the land depart ment for alleged fraud in obtaining it." And it was further held that "the right of a party holding a certificate of pur chase or public land and that of his grantee is aright in and lo property of which neither of them can or ought to be deprived withouldue processor law." t'Ol NTY COMMISSIONER*. (official Proceedings of board of' county com missioners in session at 10 o'clock a. m., June 29.1885. Full board present. Commissioner Woodbury in the chair. Minutes of last meeting read and ap proved. lte-vicwers Lyon, Taber and McGmnis submitted supplementary report on high way petitioned tor by Colby, Klein and others. On motion, report laid ovei until next meeting. On motion, board adjourned until 2 o'clock p. in. Full board present and in session at 2 o'clock p. m. On motion, a county order was issued to O. C. Harding for $33.3$ being ebgte of personal tax for the year 1884, erro. neously assessed. A petition for bridge across James river on sec. 23, tp. 144, r. 65, signed by A. Walters, Alex Cnmmings, and others was presented. On motion, the above petition was laid on the table. On motion, the following bills were al lowed. Geo. Pelissier, work on highway district No. 7 $ 3.1 02 Geo. II. Woodbury, services as county commissioner locating roads and bridges i. C. Buck, same J.J. Kddy, same 1(. B. Miner, labor on grantor and grantee index J. W. Sheridan, fuel for court house S. A. Shain, for board of paupers. II. M. Taber, road viewer S. K. McGinnis, road viewer L. Lyon, road viewer. T. C. Barrett, work on highway district No. 7 T. C. Barrett, do do do K. McAuliffe, do do do Z. S. Martin, building fence oil court bouse grounds II. C. Hotchkiss, repairs in coun ty offices Geo. 1. Barnard & Co., supplies fir register of deeds office J. McCaily, witness in distrirt court Geo. Van Order, work on high way district No. 3— W. W. Graves, work on highway district No. 1 mm S (HI t» 00 9 00 5C7 21 11 25 59 73 2 00 2 Ofa 2 00 34 00 08 43 13 12 8 00 2 25 61 55 1 00 1,'t 00 48 75 W. II. Dennison, work on high way diatiict No. 1 Wm. Wtdriksen, work on high way diatrict No. 3 A. J. Seller, work oa highway district Ho. 3.. 11. Sears, work on highway diatnctNo. 4 Wm. Squire, work on highway district No. 4 P. Oaffney, work on higway dis trict No. 7 B. Campbell, work on highway district No. 7 *. J. C. L'pdyke, work on highway district No. 5 M. C. Price, scrapers G. L. McGregor, boarding pauper. 1D- 71 25 (UMMIVTlEit. The Pinal Arraegmart* tor Ih* ftfc- At ensures kraliM. FiSKp wm a meeting of tbe committee a grand success. The follow lag soliciting committees were appointed for the respective wards. First Ward—Mrs. D. Cuitin, Mrs. Itoderick ltosc and Mrs. Andrew Blewitt. Second Ward- Mrs. J. J. Flint, Atrs. J. F. Vennum, Mrs. P. H. Foley and Miss M. Campbell. Third Ward—Mrs. M. E. Foley and Mrs. D. It. Long. Fourth Ward—Mrs, J. K. Winslow, Mrs. Wm. M. Loyd and Mrs. The following ladiea are appointed to preside over the tables as designated by number. No. 1— rfesdames Dursline, Blood, Morris, and Dodge. Misses Blood, Bow man and Lloyd. No. 2—Mesdames Itose, Branch, Cur tin and Watson. Misses (licks, Wilbur, LaFoIlatte and Doolittle. No. 3- Mesdames Foley, Blewitt, Gics elei and Nickeus. Misses Itellivou, Kate and Mamie Campbell. No. 4—Mesdames True, Bass, tlerry, Vennum and Allen. Misses Lyon, May and Aggie Calvert. No. 5—Mesdames Miller, Wells, Gott and Laux. Misses Miller, Johnson, Nel lie and Maggie Thorold. No. 6—Mesdames Hall, Dickey, Top lill and Blossom. Misses Lyon, Barnes ani Kinney. No. 7—-Mesdames Buck, Mills, Burke and Vennum. Misses McCourt, Beffle and Eva Klaus. No. 8—Mesdames Itoper, Mellinger and Allen. Misses Griffith, Dilla, Mary and Delia Baldwin. No !—Mesdames Eddy, Hathorn, Sbendan and Hotchkias. Misses Crist, Davidson and Cora Clarke. No. 10—Mesdames McCabe, Wetmore, Krum and Long. Misses Montgomery, Clemments, Maggie and Mary Elliot. No. 11—Mesdames Selvidge, Feezer, Holden and Dee. Misses Totten, and the Misses Conehay. The following reception committee was appointed Messrs. A. Klaus, Jr, M. E. Foley, A. A. Doolittle and J. A. Frye, and Mesdames Flint, Graham, J. It. Winslow, Lloyd, Mathews, Wade, Omdrtah. Un-lra anil Ml—fa ifatfl and Lou Blood. Mr. Calkins was appointed to furnish necessary tables, and M. E. Foley to fur nish all fruits for the occasion. The Fields Prise. T. W. Fields, tbe enterprising and old est jeweler in the city, will present an elegant silver cup to the militia company to be awarded to the best appeariag mili tia soldier in the ranks at dress parade on the Fourth of July. The cup is solid silver, gold inlaid and gold lined, two and a half feet high and is of elegant and ap propriate design. It is supported by a miniature cannon, four muskets, two swords and other military equipments. Tbe top is surmounted by a sharp-shooter taking aim at the picket line of tbe ene my. The judges who are to award this beautiful and magnificent prize are Col. Benlley, of Bismarck, Col. Tyner, of Fargo, and Mr. J. M. Graham, of James town, which is a guaranty that the award will be impartially made. The prise ia open to every soldier in line, and whether it goes to Bismatck, Fargo or remains Jamestown will depend upon the appear ance of the competitors. This was a hap py as well as a generous thought on the part of Tom Fields and will add much interest to the occasion. Late Land Oflce Deeiuisas. The law gives a homestead for tbe pur pose of a home, not for tbe purpoae of enabling an entryman to acquire title without reference to its uses the princi ple being that the homestead is not mere ly the temporary residence of the head of tbe family, but the permanent residence of all.—-Commissioner Sparks, June 4, 1S85. Occasional visits and staying a few nights on the land is not evidence of res idence. Homestead entries cannot be maintained by merely functionary acts, nor by improvements alone. The law gives a homestead for tbe purpose of a home, not for the purpose of aequiring a title to the 160 acres of land without liv ing on it.—Assistant Commissioner Har-. risen, June 5, 1885. To sustain bis settlement a pre-emption claimant must make some substantial im provementa oa the land at the data at settlement, such aa would he aotice to all that he claims the 41 as feat, one-half 8 37 27 38 24 50 5 25 12 00 34 50 On motion, salaries of county officers for the quarter ending June 30, 1885, were allowed, viz: li. Q. Miner, County Auditor. $300 00 S. L. Glaspell, county attorney.. 150 00 P.H.Foley, county supeiintendent of schools Dr. R. G. DePuy, county physi cian,— Qeo. J?. Woodbury, county com missioner. J. J. Eddy, county commiasioacr. SA 83 31 00 27 00 C. Buck, oouaty coamismoner. On motion, board adjoarael sine die. L. B. Mnaot, Oownty Aadltor. «F on en tertainment for the Fourth of inly bration, of which Mr. cele J. It. winslow is the rustling chairman, the Anal prepara tions for that important feature of the occasion were made and the work consummating it with an elegant ot supper is now thoroughly under way, and ia lin ing prosecuted with an Northern Pacific enthusiasm that J. J. Itoper. This committee will make report at the armory Wednesday at four o'clock. it was decided to serve an elegant sup per the evening of the Fourth at five o'clock, the tables for which will be ar ranged before four o'clock. g5e laad. A ahaaty lflklS oatho InadinaataaSeiaat. —Acting Secretary Xaldraw, April M, 1886. The removal ot lapvs—1» aft* final proof, prima facte evidaaee of had faith. Batriea aot made ia good faith are liable to coateet, iavestlgattoa aad caacellation.—Acting Secretary Maldrjw, May «, 1885. Affidavits accompanying homestead and timber culture entries should state whether the entryman ia a naturalized or native born citizen. Tc be subject to timber culture entry tbe section should be devoid of timber. The rule established by former decnioas that to bar an entry tbe section muatoon tain at least ten acres ot timber of at least £75 trees per acre, ia held to be oat side tbe law aad aot to be sustained.— Commissioner Sparks, May 27,1885. Frank Beals has chsrg leaaoaade, confectionery on the PeuTth at Jaly grsaads lo railroad •t"®* w^tiTa~!ulHn,'l!ie A whom all who wish t) engage la audi ahoald spply. vjraj '.* tfwrms? •'J:^5 9 "ti YEAR a MURDERER MOISTED WAWf AW*!*. M* Kidder Caaaty Mar*r. Aa associated press dispatch dated Juae 30th, at Dawsoa^ TKUiaoaU* •Mtera bolder of Kidder eaaaty, oa the about forty "est of Jsmoatown, is as follows: DAWSON, Dak,.J uae 30—A horrible, murder Was committed here today. Jusi^C at evening the body of Mr*. Uager was found bnried in the hay in oae of the stalls of the barn. She had b—i dead for some hours. It is supposed thatatnuap that waa working for Mr. Uager did the work by beating in her head with an iron wedge. Specials to the Alert. Dawson, Dak.. July 3:30 p. afc^ The name by which the murderer of Mn. Medina, Dak., July l, 10:36 p. man answering the description of the murderer of Mrs. Unger waa caught today by sheriff J. D. Smith, of :1 linger was known, waa Aasoa Vneller. I Me speaks broken English. He has*: smooth face, is heavy aet, weighs about 170 pouads, 26 years old, light complex ion. He wore a grey undershirt, a small rimmed hat, faded brown overalls, aad had blood on his clothing. Hia left boot was cut on top. Thumb of right hurt and bound up. His height is about five feet six inches. Kidder county. He was at work for Mr. Ahearna two and a half miles south of Medina, lie gave tbe name of Wolfe. 'C I.ATKK. T* Sheriff J. D. Smith of Kidder county arrived in Jamestown about one o'clock thia morning and waa interviewed by the Alert in regard to tbe Kidder county murder and arrest of the murderer as •tated in tbe special telegram above from Medina. The facts of the case so far as known were elated as follows hy Mr. Smith: The family consisting or Mr. Unger aad wife lived In their farm house about forty rods north of tbe town ot Dawson. The tramp had been working for Mr. Uager about two months, and on Tuesday morning Mrs. Unger, requested her hus band to discharge him as she was afraid of him, but be thought her feara were unfounded and did not do aa she request ed. About seven o'clock the mornlag Mr. Unger started to a tree claim seme distance away to do some work and left the hired man, tramp, at home to assist some plasterers who were to corns that day and do some work in the bouse When the platterers came the tramp was at the barn and he insisted an putting up their team so they could go right to work as they were late, which they accordingly did. fhey noticed blood on the traap'a clothes and asked bim the cause of tt lo "liaxiT "tfbentke tramp had put away the team to the house the men asked him where the lady of the house waa to which he re plied that abe and her huabaad had some trouble that morning aad ahe had goao to the house of her brother-ia-law. Later the day tbe tramp disappeared aad to wards evening the husband came home aad while patting hia team away ia tbe barn found the dead body of Lis wife un der some hay in tbe manger of the third stall, her bead crushed in by aa iron wadge which waa fouad covered with blood. It seems the womaa had goae to the barn for some puipoee between the time her husband went away in the morning and the arrival of the plaaterera and fell a victim to the ferocity of the tramp. After tbe horrible eircuaastaac* became known aome of the people ia Dawson remembered that they had heart acreams in that direction ia the mora lag but had no thought of the real cause. Tbe scene that was enacted in the barn that morning when the womaa fell into the hands of tne demon who eatrapped her no one but her merciless assailant knows. She was about 35 yearn old aad an estimable woman eateemed and rea pected by all who knew her. The while town was immediately aioue ed aad parties ia search of the flead started out and scoured tbe coaatry in every direction. Yesterday sheriff Smith and posse came npon him aa he waa hoe ing potatoes for Joha Ahearas, about two and a half mika aouth of Mraiaa in the western part of thia county. Oa hia person was found aome cloning aad a watch belonging to the husband of the murdered Woman. He denied at first all knowledge of tbe murder aad ot the fam ily but afterwarda admitted that ho waa present aad said that another maa mnr aerei the womaa aad told him if he did ait leave he would be killed too. Mr. Smith seat the prisoner ia charge of the deputy abe riff aad three other aaea to the jail at Steele. He has aot the shadow of doubt but that he baa the right maa aad the murderer ot the ill fated woaaa whose tongue is forever ailaaced in death unable to tell the wrongs she suffered aad the atrocity of her murderer. Dakota sheep raiser wntiagaa ag riculural paper ameag other things says: Good sheda are used ia wiater sossctims* they are covered with hay, hut generally with boards. Sheep are shededaaly dur iag the storms it matters aot how eohl it is they are turned out to grane whaa ever it doee aot storm. It it atorats all day they are fed eome hay aadar shelter. The jmat gram ia cat for hhy, haeaaae it piiacipall^ea (to halalo aat taMfc grMeaa, bat a the Ml aad tUv reaort to the blae joiat. The latter gwye tall, aad ia aot covered by saaw. 481a is ao rain dunag the fall aad wiator, aad the buffalo aad banch grasses getao dry aad harsh that the sheep do aot reheh them. There a weed called thereem weod, which sheep are very katif, ta very scarce, aad whan llodtaaafMUft aew range, they will trarel a |«d ia search of it, tmt after they have keen held there a few deya,aad have ptafca* theee woeda clean they bmnmt esataslsil ^5 There an psHsaet weed aaMed the. milk weed (a very sum* w«ed. »d aat ha to he a S a a awedsath to the sheep that ease It. Awe. ta ao rsaeedy asod, for the sheep swells^ apaaddiea very qitok. They do ant tat, Kveryoltea.