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Jamestown weekly alert. [volume] (Jamestown, Stutsman County, D.T. [N.D.]) 1882-1925, July 02, 1885, Image 1

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VOIi. VIII.—NO. 3.
Propria tot
THE state of Kentucky can always be
depended upon for feuds and shooting
sensations. Feuds seem to be the princi­
pal inbe'itance of one generation from
another, and like dynamite, only wants a
jar to cause an explosion. Kentucky ob­
tained the sobriquet of the "dark and
bloody ground" in its early history and it
has maintained it ever since even against
the competition of llie state of Texas. A
person must posses* a charmed life to live
out a natural life tune in Kentucky, es­
pecially if any of liis ancestry had trouble
with any one whose descendants are liv­
ing. It is against public policy for them
to inflic^ ctpital .punishment for murder
as it would depopulate the state.
Iowa papers are kicking against the
nuisance of meteoiological terms by which
every electrical disturbance or violent
storm is called a cyclone or hurricane
thereby giving the state an unenviable
reputation abroad. There Is a good eal
of truth in this. It is akin 10 calling
every little snow Hake and heavy frost in
Dakota a hliat/.ard in which misuse of the
term the Iowa papers are not excelled by
those of any state in the union. It is
not probable that Iowa has any worse
storms now than she bad twenty or thirty
years ago but it is only la'e years that
cyclones haye been heard of in that state.
They used In he called whirlwinds, and
were as furious as they are now in the
name of cyclones, but there were not so
many towns and farm houses lo devastate
as there are now. (own paper**, however,
should let up on Dakota hlimrd* beloie
I hey ask compromise on cycloms
THE death cf a minister in England a
short time ago has brought out the fact
that he had employed a voman to elect
his subjects and texts and compose his
f-ermons. He hail promised by way of
compensation torememher her in his will,
but he died without making a will and
she put in her claim against bis estate.
The lady was the wife of the foreman of
a manu'.actorv in the town wliero the
minister olllciated as pastor. There is a
good deal of woman's brain work given
out to the world as the genius, thought
ami mental product of man. Many of
Henry Clay's great speeches were said to
have been composed and written for him
by his wife. Andy Johnson's wife taught
him to read and write, and perhaps if the
whole truth was known many other
statesmen reflected more of the ituud of
woman than they gave out of their own
or had of their own to give out.
THE national reunion of the grand
army of the republic now lieing held at
Portland, Maine, is a grand affair, but
like all feasts tins its skeleton, and that
skeh ton is an unintended and unfortu­
nate Insult by the city authorities. When
he old veterans lugan lo assemble the
city authorities put on a large extra po­
lice torse. This action was mistaken by
(be warriors hs a reflection npon them as
exemplary citizens, and they resented it
by resolution. There was perhaps noth­
ing farther from the intentions or houghts
of ibe city autl'oritles thau a reflection
upon the old soldiers. The object was
QO doubt to guard against the hoodlums
and pickpoi kets that congregate at sucb
places and prevent annoyance to the sol
tlicis from sucb scoundrels. This cir­
cumstance illustrates bow easy it is to
mistake an act of kindness and miscon­
strue a generous consideration into the
very opposite of what was intended.
IT ia nearly always the unexpected that
happens, and perhaps no finite mind can
anticipate what the next ruling ol
United States Laud Commissioner Sparks
be. If be has a grudge against the
new countries of the west he is making
sure and thorough work of satiating ven
geance in alopathic doses. He may next
declare the public lund laws uncoustitu
tional. Tne best service he could do his
country would be to resign, if he would
agree to die within the next six months
on condition tbe territories of the west
and northwest would build him a rnonu
ment, Dakota herself would guarantee
one as large as tbe colossal pyramid on
tbe plain of Gizeb, which ought to satisfy
I he ambition of any ordinaiy American
oitizen clothed with the little brief au­
thority of federal appointment. Of co.irse
(he people of Dakota do not wish Com­
missioner Sparks to die, but it in the
providence of God he should he removed
(hey would with one voice say in the
most submissive spirit: "The Lord gave
and tbe Lord taketh away."
THK South Dakota papers that favor
the constitutional convention are just
now ei gaged in the rather large contract
of whipping in the kickers. The news­
papers that champion the constitutional
convention for tbe material it will furn­
ish for discussion, and those men who
are ambitious to be delegates for the
emoluments, $2.59 per day and mileage,
about the only ones that are taking
much interest in the matter. The 30th
nit. was the|day appointed bv the act of
Ibe legislature for the eliction of dele
feeyoad this it
counties, and it
raa la
ttuktoendMriasfH eoavnattoa dele­
gate* There is ao doubt
will be hald, aad htkl loag aaoo(k to ex
ttfca (00,000 bail intba
Thus far the ccnvration
ba a Iraud
times when bank presidents are held to
answirinthe criminal court as a com­
mon thief. The custom has been to send
tbe poor devil who steals a few dollars to
tbe penitentiary for the greater part of
bis natural life time and let the bank
tbief, with the title of president or cash­
ier, not only go free but condole with
bim in bis misfortune while he retires to
some fashionable resort on his poverty
or drowns his troubles in a tour of Eti
rope. When bank officers come lo un­
derstand that they will have to wear Ze
bra suits Ibe same as any other thief who
defrauds and robs people of their money
there will be less bank suspensions and
more security to the people.
THE Sioux Falls Press assumes that the
objection raised against tbe constitution­
al convention on account of the expense
not sincere and is urged because no
good reason can be offered against the
convention. After disposing of the ob­
jection in this cool manner the Press goes
on to say that the proportion of the ex­
pense to Sioux Falls and couuly will be
atioiil $300, and the mem
will be
a ridiculous
Pnun the gate to tbe penitentiary at
Atthura, Mew York, never opened to re­
ceive a more serving convict than
when the officer applied Hie other day
and introduced James D. Fish, cx-presi
deal of the Marine bank of New York,
With a request from the court lhat he he
guarded against handling other people's
money for the space of l«n years. W hen
Boas Tweed was banded over lo the au
tbonlie* of Sing Sing, t« the question as
to his occupation he repliod lhat he was
"a statesman," but the dispatch does not
Mate what Fish gave as his profession.
His business seesas to have been gigantic
•winding, but it is likely he gave some
other more euitonioua name Ior his oc
capatim. is happy omen of the
Iters of the con­
vention and lobby will spend about $20,
000 in the city, which will be a benefit to
the whole county That is about the
coolest piece ol gall we have seen offered
in favor of the South Dakota constitu­
tional convention. So fai &s Sioux Kalis
is concerned her advocacy of the conv
tion is fully explaine I in the above, but
why the'sum of $20 000 should be taken
from the territorial ticasnry to be expend­
ed in that city mid county my not tie so
obvious. It will no doubt be a good Hung
for Sioux Kails, hut where the benefit to
oilier parts of the territory 1
THK elite of Washington City are m
fatuated with Old Sitting Bull aud his
gang who are being exhibited there under
the stage management of Buffalo Hill.
A.n audience of 4,000 people from the bon
ton vircles of the city greeted them a few
nights ago. Mr. S. Hull took the com­
pliment as an ovation lo him and consid­
ers himself a bigger man than the presi­
dent. The belles of Washington are all
broke up on the old sinner of mingled
ebony and copper hue, whose name they
pronounce in suppressed voice behind
their fans, and if he could dispose of his
two wives out in Dakota he would spread
consternation among the Washington
dudes us a masher. Those impressible,
sentimental belles ol Washington City
would have some of the romance taken
out of their souls if they should visit the
tepee of the old Sioux desperado and inur
derer on the banks ol the Missouri river
below Bismarck. There is no accounting
for tastes generally, nor for the taste of
the Washington belle iu particular.
TEXAS repudiates the hew translation
en the ground llr.l taking hell out of the
King's English is equivalent to taking
Texas out of existence. The two terms
have for a long time been regarded as sy
nonymous. We lielieve it was old sena­
tor Hen. Wade, of Ohio, who first made a
distinction, and he did it by asserting
that if be "owned betl and Texas he
would as choice rent out the latter and
make his home residence in the flrst
named place." The name Texas as. a
synonym for hell perhaps is too harsh ex­
cept while that vast territory was under
tbe dominion of Mexico. But since its
divorce from tbe Mexican government
and annexation to the United Spates it is
entitled to the milder term—purgatory.
However, Texas is progressing apace
with theology aoJ it is a singular co­
incidence that theologians did not ex­
punge liell from the bible until Texas had
undergone much improvement in moral
development and accial elevation.
SF.VKKAb Dakota politicians recently
Hssured the St Paul Glolie that Hon.
Hugh .1. Campbell, ex-United States dis­
trict attorney for this territory, was re­
moved for cause when Hon. John E. Car
land was appointed. I'hcy assert that
tbe order was issued May 23d, and the
cause assigned was fomenting strife and
extravagant u«e of government money. |f
this be true, the One (t ilian band of ex
Gov. Ordway becomes visible, for these
are the points the governor sought lo
make against Mr. Campbell in an inves­
tigation which he instigated last fall.
jV. Ordway probably took some pains
to see that the evidence before that in
vestigation should come to the notice of
the ne~* administrati s. Of course Mr.
Campbell was not guilty of such aa
abuse of the prerogratives of Ins office,
but there are a great many good men in
the territory who will die with the belief
in their hearts that he was guilty and da
served official decapitation. Ex Gov.
Ordway is no doubt satisfied with tbe re­
sult whether he had any direct band in
accomplishing it or noit.
IN closing his ministerial career of
nearly half a century, and setting h»s
prebabb that the intonated parti* as
abate aaccoedad iadrammiag up
ito form atoetwa polla and
order for laying down his life
which has past its three score and ten
years, a point and »ge rcached by com­
paratively few, Itev. Henry Ward Beech
er is divesting theology of some of its un­
reasonable vagaries and superstitions
One of lh^ is the ordinance of baptism,
which be terms "aa Innocent delusion"
whui considered an a regenerating force,
or a washing away of sin iaheritcd from
Adas. He says there is ao such thiag as
Adam's sia ia aa infant. Nevertheless,
says he would baptise a child at tbe
poiat of death If tbe parentt thought it
would Le safer bv it, not that ha thought
it would make the slightest difference
with the child, but because it would com­
fort tbe
The venerable preacher says the same
is true of adult baptism, though he ad­
mits that if when an adult receives bap
lisni he may have associated with it suGh
notion of the beginning of anew life
that it will stimulate his own force of
moral energy |o gieater effort, it mr.y do
him good.
Tlierc are perhaps many ceremonies
in church worship and formal identifica­
tion with I tie cnurch as members that arc
superstitions witli the less intelligent
members, but with others the same forms
and cerenwwtes #1* symbols which im­
press important w) i«'tractive piritual
lessons. JxuJiing jipop |ip #4*wii*tr».
tinn of baptism in any of its forms from
purely intellectual and philosophical
S "'V^ *4 aV $
standpoint it appears ridiculous. From
an ignorant and superstitious standpoint
it appears to be the gateway to heaven
and an essential requisite to salvation.
From the standpoint of intelligent spirit­
ual life and thought it is a sublime sym­
bol sealing a formal covenant with God
in a new life. The one who receives it
as from tl.e first named standpoint makes
it a mockery. The one who receives it
as from the second standpoint is laboring
under a delusion, but he or she who re­
ceives it from the third standpoint re­
ceives spiritual inspiration and benefit
from it. There are ceremonies and for­
malities in every society, organization
and association in which there is system,
and it does not detract from the church
that they are found in it. There arc forms
and ceremonies »hich all observe in the
burial of the dead that are as absurd as
any ot the forms and ceremonies in tbe
churches, when viewed from an intel­
lectual standpoint.. What is the good of
all this, ia a question that may be asked
but cannot be answered of a thousand
formalities and ceremonies of every con­
dition of society and life.
Tr*K one great anxiety over anil above
all others with Oeu. Grant, seems to be to
complete his memoirs of the war before
his death. As soon as he recovered liis
voice so as to speak in a whisper he re­
sumed dictating to his stenographer. The
general is probably hastening his death
by the laborious application he is giving
to this work. It will probably tie the
moDt coriect and comp.'ete history of the
war in existence or that ever will be writ­
ten. As a mle men will unconsciously or
through egotism seek to magnify hem­
selves in giving the history of events in
wnicli they took a prominent part, but
we believe Gen. Grant will studiously and
effectively guard against this predisposi­
tion. He has shown an unprejudiced
mind in his references to other generals
and a spirit of fairness towards them that
Is remarkable, as in the case of Fit/. John
Porter, whom he placed right befoie the
world after long years of condemnation,
to da which he had to admit that be had
been wroug in his judgment of the case,
and he did it manfully and noblv even at
the cost of antagonism from his most, ad­
miring friends.
Tin*: Bismarck Journal is laboring un­
der the delusion of misplaced confidence.
It presumes that the money wtiich will
he drawn from the territorial treasury to
pay the expenses of the Smith Dakota
constitutional convention will be refund­
ed. Col. Lounsberry is presumed lobe
th^author of lh» item in.llie Journal ex­
pressing this belief. The colonel being
scrupulously, honest himself considers
everybody else honest, and if everybody
else was as honest as Col. lounsberry the
Alert docs not doubt for a moment that
this money would' be refunded. But
they are not, and that seltles it to our
mind. We do not believe this money
wilt be refunded, neither do we believe
that South Dakota ever intended to re­
fund it. Thev don't have to. They can­
not be compelled lo do it. That part of
tbe bill is a snare and a fraud, as the con­
vention itself will be a delusion and a
farce. Tbe constitution that may be
adopted at Sioux Falls will either be re
j' cted by the people, or if not rejected, be
ratified by so small a majority that it will
I erish in its infantile weakness in the
congressional committee room.
Aftek his recent visit to the Pacific
coast sina'.or John Sherman, ol Ohio, is
reported lo have expressed a complete
change of heart on the Chinese immigra­
tion question, lie voted against the bill
pjobibiling immigration of the pigtail ce­
lestials, but now says they are an unmiti­
gated evil and that he will vote aguinst
Iheir immigration in Hie future. It is
not a violent premmplion that this con
pillion of the Ohio statesman was
wrought b/ tb^r causes than what he
saw on a flying trip through the sunset
slope of the continent,
it would bp
very uncomplimentary to his ability and
dignily to say that he is been voting
upon the question in such dense ignor­
ance as to fayor as a blessing what he
now pionounces an unmitigated evil.
The (act that the Pacific slope will wield
considerable influence in the next nation­
al republican convention, and the further
fact that the distinguished senator will
be a candidate before that convention for
the nomination to the presidency of the
United Slates may possibly have bad llieir
Impressive and convincing influence upon
his mind
person shall be held to answer lor a
capital, or otherwise infamous crime, un­
less on a presentment or indictment of a
giand jury, except in cases arising in the
land or naval forces, or in the militia,
when in actual service in time of war and
public danger. Artic'e V, Constitution
U. S.
The state ol Nebraska has abolished
the grand jury system and now it remains
to be seen whether it
transcended its
legitimate legislative po-.vers in doing so
or not. There does not seem to be any
discretionary powers in the premises left
to the state governments. This provis­
ion of Hit federal constitution Is explicit.
been recognized and observed
n,|qi» as the right pf trial by jury which
alao is guaranteed by tbe same conatitu
tioa, and if a (late haa the power.to ab-l
tab the graad jury it would seem to have
power to abolish the trial jury aa well
The constitution of tbe United States
waa formed aqd adopted while tbe hard
chips and oppressions of England, for
which the revolutionary war had just
been fought, were still fresh in the minds
of the people, and it was the desi of
the framers of tbe constitution to sacred­
ly guard the personal rights aud liberties
of the people of the new government and
the grand juiy was one of these safe­
guards. This point of state sovereignty
will probably Tie tested by habeas corpus
jn the flrst irstance of conviction and at­
tempted punishment without indictment
by a grand jury.
A great deal has been stid against the
exparte and inquisitorial grand jury sys
tem, and especially against the average
papp) that pom pose it, but nearly all these
arguments would apply with equal force
against tbe petit jury system. The mis
take is in charging the inefficiency and
corruption of grand jurors to the grand
jury system. As well might the corrup­
tion of courts be charged against the taws
they administer. Neither tl'e grand jury
system nor the law will be carried out to
their purposes unless virtue and incor­
ruptible integrity characleiizes the grand
jurors and the courts. If the grand jury
system is lobe abolished for it* abuses tbe
petit jury system and courts might be
abolished for tbe like cause.
THK otherwise pleasant city of Bis
marsk is now said to be undergoing the
gossip scandal curse which is about as
bad a scourge and pestilence as ever be­
fell a town. It is lata! to the peace and
happiness of the people if not to their
lives. One energetic, glib-tongucd gossip
can make more hell in a town than there
is in the King James translation. The
punishment of scandal gossips in ancient
tunes was to split their tongues. This
punishment seems cruel, but it is not half
so cruel as lo defame a woman's good
name, which is more than life lo her.
Where these scandal mongers abound no
woman or family is safe. They arc to be
dreaded far more than "the pestilence
which stalkctli abroad at noonday and
wastelh away at night." Woman's in
humaiiity to woman makes countless
thousands mourn. Strange aud unnat­
ural as it may seem woman's reputation
sutlers more from the gossip of her own
sex limn from any other source The
murderer who takes human life is not so
despicable as I he gossiping character as­
sassin who by insinuation and inuendc
blemishes the good name of a woman
which, passing from oi.e to another, soon
grows into a mountain of scandal, and
the innocent and defenseless victim must
live and die under the ban of reproach.
THOSE patriotic democrats who have a
laudable ambition to serve their country
in the capacity of federal office holders
on big pay and little work should have
their credentials ready as Hon. M. II.
Day, the recognized democratic federal
patronage dispenser for Dakota, will soon
be in North Dukota. Whether Mr. Day
really holds Ibis prestige or not it seems
to be accorded to him by mutual consent
of office seekers Mr. Day will no doubt
be glad to give ear to the claims of dem­
ocrats and will provide armed chairs for
them outside Ins hotel room door that
they may be comfortable while walling
turns. Mr. Day never sleeps, so that the
office seeker need not in- afraid of intrud­
ing by calling upon bim at any hour day
or night. Ho will be happy to look over
yjur voluminous petitions and recom­
mendations and listen to your pedigree
away back into the blue bloods of Eng­
land. lit lie office seekers can trace their
their ancestry back to a Dukedom or
Karldom it will be especially interesting
to him though it might not count for
much in Washington. Mr. Day will be
in Bismarck in a few days and if the reg­
ular trains cannot accommodate the office
seekeis that wish to have a conference
with liim the railroad company will prob­
ably furnish specials at a reasonable rate.
IT IS curreutly reported that charges
have been Aled with Gov, Pierce against
two of the regents of the university at
Grand Forks, alleging sectarian motbods
on their part in conducting tbe affairs of
that institution. There is evidently some­
thing wrong in the management of that
institution, and as it is a territorial insti­
tution we hope tbe wrong will be ferreted
out and eradicated, even if the official
heads ol some of the regents must drop
into the basket. Our public schools
must be kept cleat ol sectarianism and
the attempt of any church, whatever the
name, to force its dogmas or influences
npon them should be fr iwneddown. We
have no information as to what particular
sectarian church these two accused re­
gents are supposed to be seeking to ad­
vance nor is that point material lo the
objection. Any of the churches is good
enough in its place, but its place is not
in the public schools. The moral culture
anclioned by civilization is a proper sub
jec* to be taught and instilled into the
minds of pupils of tbe public schools, but
no peculiarity of sectarian creed. If the
allegations in this ease are sustained by
proof we hope U'v. Pierce will make a
salulaiy example of the offending regents
by peremptorily dismissing them.
state and territory in the union for
B«arlr a cratury. It seems to
Tiik atrocious outrage and lieudish
murder of the woman in Kidder county
this week by a tramp is one of the most
aggravated cases in the catalogue of
crimes. Even the ferocious beast respects
the female of us species, and the demon
ip human form who commits a crime
against the chastity of woman ny worse
than brutal outrage should be hunted
down and exterminated from the face of
the earth which his presence pollutes.
With the merciless heart of a monster
and the remorseless cruelty of a demon,
he mocks at her pleading for her chastity
and ftfjsw era her piteous entreaties tor
life with the cruel blow that turns her
supplicating appeals for mercy into the
death-throe moans of pain, and the light
and life of a home has gone out in blood
and a family circle forever blighted and
blasted. It is tbe proud boast of Dakota
that hor women are aad shall be protect
•d, aad that no man can commit this
mrst heinous outrage upon her and live.
Lynch law is desperate remedy and
cannot be encouraged in the name of law
and order, but the damnable villain who
by his atrocious act places himself out­
side the pale of civilization should perish
on the ground of bis own choosing. The
enormity of this crime is beyond adequate
punsihment by the ciyil law, and where
there is no doubt of tbe guilt and identi­
ty of the monster who commits it, the
sooner the world is rid of his presence tbe
belter for humanity. Let the murderer
who from| malice or avarice imbues his
hands in his fellowmin's blood have a
trial by his peers in our courts pf law ond
justice, but the man who commits this
monstrous crime and outrage upon wo­
man, whose name alone should secure
her absolute protection frpm insult and
violence, should die like a dog at the
bands of her ayengers, »n0 thp spot of
ground that covers his debased and des
picat)le carcass should be execrated and
accursed for his name's sake.
-f iim rfh i^iA-1 iWiifltffi• ih -/JiVrliit-ri "V b" 'ii' mTV- In 1 iW* Vii I f'1 rtrr n»in •'•'W rlfiSifVmrri Ma foffriirrtrii1r *~iTi
(, £.* --H* Mii
ONE of tbe most unjust aspersions cast
upon woman as a sex is that she cannot
keep a secret, and a great many senseless
jests are made and published on thia
point. But this is a great mistake, and
those who make it either expose their
own ignorance or do not say much lor
themselves in the associations from which
they have arrived at this opinion of wo­
man. Almost every day instancea of
woman's fidelity lo confldence are report­
ed bud as a rule their faithfulness in this
respect is far above the sex that twits aud
jests '.hem about iheir inability to keep a
secret. A very striking instance of this
fidelity is the child-wife of a Mormon
now in jail at Silt Lake City for COJ
tempt of court in refusing to answer
the question as to whether she was ever
married to her reputed husband who is
being prosecuted for ^blygamy in the
United Slates court. She has not only
absolutely refused to answer and give up
.the secret, but declares she will st ty in
jail forever rather lhau answer.
"When a woman will, she will,
And you may depend on'l
lint when she won't, she won't,
And that's the end on't."
the oilier day a little out of the usual or­
der though perhaps not so disagreeable
as many of the office seekers that in ike
life a burden to liim. His caller was none
oilier llinii the Dakota Sioux chief, Hon.
Silling Bull. The old aborigine had nev
ers een alive president and as lie had
made sucb an impression upon the dudes
and 11 ii (I esses of the national capital he
concluded to honor the While House
with a visit, expecting no doubt to have
a grand pow wow in which he would be
the center of attiaclion. The president
either mistook him for some Dakota
democratic otltce seeker or was a little
impatient with the mob of patriots al­
ready surrounding as applicants for posi­
tions in which to serve their country for
their own good, for he dismissed the
Sioux Chief as he would a democratic
politician with a bundle of endorsements
in hand. Mr. Bull was very much offend­
ed and stalked out of the room with his
eagle quills standing up like the pins ol
a porcupine. When told by the inter­
preter that the president was v« ry busy,
and that sometimes the pale faces had to
stay two moons before tlicy could gain an
interview with the president he grunted
out the words: "Ugh White man heap
damn fool.' The emphasis of his ex­
pression shows that he is catching onto
the Washington vernacular in good shape.
iiircit)- is considerable dissatisfaction
among the farmers of south and central
Dakota over the adjustment of tlieir loss
es efiu'cil by rcccnt hail storms. It did
not seem lo occur to the farmers, until
they suffered actual loss, lhat there is no
standard by which the actual loss to a
growing crop from hail can be ascertain­
ed. It is altogether a matter of estimate
or guess. I'here is no market value for
growing crops upon which base a cal­
culation. Farmeis recognize the fact
that no crop is safe in any country until
is in thp garner. There are many con?
tingencies which menace a crop and hail
is only one of tlicin. The adjustment of
such damage must necessarily he com­
promise or opinion between the insured
and the insurance company. From the
uaconscious influerce of self interest the
one will overestimate and the other un­
derestimate the damage, and there is no
standard of exact justice by which the
impartial judge may decide the question.
The extent of the damage is subject to
the modifications of all contingencies,
ant) llie stage of growth and recuperative
powers of the plant. The total est rue.
tion of a crop that promises thirty bush­
els lo he acre is not a real damage to the
owner to the market price of the crop for
September, or what wheal buyers are
now willing to contract wheat at that
date because there are other contingen­
cies lhat may befall and totally destroy
it. in case of partial destruction by hail
there is no way of ascertaing the propor­
tionate damage- Thpse questions should
be settled as far as possible by the terms
of the policy and the balance, in ease of
misfortune, by reasonable compromise on
the part of both the insured and the in­
Tiik historian is frequently called upon
to spoil some gems in eloquence and lit­
erature, and to do so requires not only
moral courage but ofteutimes a great sac­
rifice of personal feeling. Tlic speech of
Hon. ltoscoe Cook ling before the nation­
al republican conyention in Chicago, in
1880, presenting tjie nqipe of Qcn. Grant
far nomination for the presidency has
been preserved in many forms as a mas,
terpieee of eloquence, which it certainly
is. The world-famed reputation of llie
orator had prepared the audience to en­
thuse when Conkling should speak no
matter what he might say nor how lie
should say it. But on this occasion the
great orator at the very outset of his
speech raise-1 ifie yasl audience and the
Iroa Brigade of 300 delegates to the third
heaven 3f enthusiasm by the following
And when asked what state he
hnila from.
Our sole reply shall be.
Ho hails from Appomatox
And the famous Apple Tree."
That stanza haa been retained in the
memory of more people in America per­
haps than any other in existence. It is
based upon the surrender of Gen. Lee,
commander of the confederate forces, to
Gen. Grant at Appomattox, April 9,1865,
and among other incidental cirpumstan:
cos, which are nearly all exaggerated, it
was stated that the surrender was made
under an apple tree and by this exagger­
ated statement Conkling was led into the
above quoted stanza as an effective pre­
lude to his nominating speech.
But noiy it falls to Gen. Gr^at, the hero
of the stanza and the great speech that
followed, to inform the people through
his memoirs that this fanciful circum^
stance was purely imaginary and that
the surrender (I'd W take place iinder
an apple tree, it is barely possible that
if George Washington had written the
memoirs of his life he would have spoiled
that cherry tree story as Gen. Grant will
spoil Conk ling's apple tree stanza.
'i £Zi\
That arbitrary and self-assuming dig­
nitary styled the commissioner of the gen­
eral land office, whose surname is Sparks,
has received a blackeye from Judge
Deady of the federal court in Oregon.
The case was one arising under tne pre
emptlon laws in which the commissioner
of the general land office at Washington
some years ago ordered the cancellation
of the entry after final proof had been
made and the money paid, as commis­
sioner SparkB baa assumed power to do.
The court held that a "certificate of
purchase entered in due form, in favor of
a prc-emptor, for land subject to eutry
under the pre-emption law, canuot be
cancelled or set aside by the land depart­
ment for alleged, fraud in obtaining it
but in such case the government must
seek redress in the courts, where the mat­
ter may be heatd and determined accord­
ing to the law applicable to the rights of
individuals in like circumstances and,
second, that a purchaser in good faith,
and for a valuable consideration, Irom a
pre-empt or ot the land included in the
latter's certificate of purchase takes the
same purged of fraud which might have
been committed in obtaining said certifi­
Tbe court fu. ther says in the decision
"When.a certificate of purchase has been
issued to a pre-encptor, and no appeal has
been taken from the decision or action of
the register and receiver, the land des­
cribed in llie certificate becomes the prop
erly of the prc-emptor. He has the equi­
table title thereto, and has aright to the
legal one as soon as the patent can issue
in the due course of proceeding and he
can dispose of the same and pass his in­
terest therein the same as if the purchase
had been made by a private person."
in support of this positiou the court
quotes from the United States supreme
court decision in which Justice McLean,
in delivering the opinion of the court,
said: "When the land was purchased
and paid for, it was no longer the prop­
erty of the United states, but of the pur
chaser. He luld it for a final certificate,
which could no more be cancelled by the
United States than a patent." The Ore­
gon court held that "a certificate of pur­
chase issued in due form, in favor or a
pre-cmptor for land subject to entry un
der the preemption law cannot be can­
celled cr set aside by the land depart­
ment for alleged fraud in obtaining it."
And it was further held that "the right
of a party holding a certificate of pur­
chase or public land and that of his
grantee is aright in and lo property of
which neither of them can or ought to be
deprived withouldue processor law."
Proceedings of board of' county com­
missioners in session at 10 o'clock a. m.,
June 29.1885.
Full board present.
Commissioner Woodbury in the chair.
Minutes of last meeting read and ap­
lte-vicwers Lyon, Taber and McGmnis
submitted supplementary report on high­
way petitioned tor by Colby, Klein and
On motion, report laid ovei until next
On motion, board adjourned until 2
o'clock p. in.
Full board present and in session at 2
o'clock p. m.
On motion, a county order was issued
to O. C. Harding for $33.3$ being ebgte
of personal tax for the year 1884, erro.
neously assessed.
A petition for bridge across James
river on sec. 23, tp. 144, r. 65, signed by
A. Walters, Alex Cnmmings, and others
was presented.
On motion, the above petition was laid
on the table.
On motion, the following bills were al­
Geo. Pelissier, work on highway
district No. 7 $ 3.1 02
Geo. II. Woodbury, services as
county commissioner locating
roads and bridges
i. C. Buck, same
J.J. Kddy, same
1(. B. Miner, labor on grantor and
grantee index
J. W. Sheridan, fuel for court
S. A. Shain, for board of paupers.
II. M. Taber, road viewer
S. K. McGinnis, road viewer
L. Lyon, road viewer.
T. C. Barrett, work on highway
district No. 7
T. C. Barrett, do do do
K. McAuliffe, do do do
Z. S. Martin, building fence oil
court bouse grounds
II. C. Hotchkiss, repairs in coun­
ty offices
Geo. 1. Barnard & Co., supplies
fir register of deeds office
J. McCaily, witness in distrirt
Geo. Van Order, work on high­
way district No. 3—
W. W. Graves, work on highway
district No. 1
t» 00
9 00
5C7 21
11 25
59 73
2 00
2 Ofa
2 00
34 00
08 43
13 12
8 00
2 25
61 55
1 00
1,'t 00
48 75
W. II. Dennison, work on high­
way diatiict No. 1
Wm. Wtdriksen, work on high­
way diatrict No. 3
A. J. Seller, work oa highway
district Ho. 3..
11. Sears, work on highway
diatnctNo. 4
Wm. Squire, work on highway
district No. 4
P. Oaffney, work on higway dis­
trict No. 7
B. Campbell, work on highway
district No. 7 *.
J. C. L'pdyke, work on highway
district No. 5
M. C. Price, scrapers
G. L. McGregor, boarding pauper.
71 25
The Pinal Arraegmart* tor Ih* ftfc-
kraliM. FiSKp wm
meeting of tbe committee
grand success. The follow lag
soliciting committees were appointed for
the respective wards.
First Ward—Mrs. D. Cuitin, Mrs.
Itoderick ltosc and Mrs. Andrew Blewitt.
Second Ward- Mrs. J. J. Flint, Atrs.
J. F. Vennum, Mrs. P. H. Foley and
M. Campbell.
Third Ward—Mrs. M. E. Foley and
Mrs. D. It. Long.
Fourth Ward—Mrs, J. K. Winslow,
Mrs. Wm. M. Loyd and Mrs.
The following ladiea are appointed to
preside over the tables as designated by
No. 1— rfesdames Dursline, Blood,
Morris, and Dodge. Misses Blood, Bow­
man and Lloyd.
No. 2—Mesdames Itose, Branch, Cur
tin and Watson. Misses (licks, Wilbur,
LaFoIlatte and Doolittle.
No. 3- Mesdames Foley, Blewitt, Gics
elei and Nickeus. Misses Itellivou, Kate
and Mamie Campbell.
No. 4—Mesdames True, Bass, tlerry,
Vennum and Allen. Misses Lyon, May
and Aggie Calvert.
No. 5—Mesdames Miller, Wells, Gott
and Laux. Misses Miller, Johnson, Nel­
lie and Maggie Thorold.
No. 6—Mesdames Hall, Dickey, Top
lill and Blossom. Misses Lyon, Barnes
ani Kinney.
No. 7—-Mesdames Buck, Mills, Burke
and Vennum. Misses McCourt, Beffle
and Eva Klaus.
No. 8—Mesdames Itoper, Mellinger
and Allen. Misses Griffith, Dilla, Mary
and Delia Baldwin.
No !—Mesdames Eddy, Hathorn,
Sbendan and Hotchkias. Misses Crist,
Davidson and Cora Clarke.
No. 10—Mesdames McCabe, Wetmore,
Krum and Long. Misses Montgomery,
Clemments, Maggie and Mary Elliot.
No. 11—Mesdames Selvidge, Feezer,
Holden and Dee. Misses Totten, and the
Misses Conehay.
The following reception committee
was appointed Messrs. A. Klaus, Jr,
M. E. Foley, A. A. Doolittle and J. A.
Frye, and Mesdames Flint, Graham, J.
It. Winslow, Lloyd, Mathews, Wade,
Omdrtah. Un-lra anil Ml—fa ifatfl and
Lou Blood.
Mr. Calkins was appointed to furnish
necessary tables, and M. E. Foley to fur­
nish all fruits for the occasion.
The Fields Prise.
T. W. Fields, tbe enterprising and old­
est jeweler in the city, will present an
elegant silver cup to the militia company
to be awarded to the best appeariag mili­
tia soldier in the ranks at dress parade
on the Fourth of July. The cup is solid
silver, gold inlaid and gold lined, two and
a half feet high and is of elegant and ap­
propriate design. It is supported by a
miniature cannon, four muskets, two
swords and other military equipments.
Tbe top is surmounted by a sharp-shooter
taking aim at the picket line of tbe ene­
my. The judges who are to award this
beautiful and magnificent prize are Col.
Benlley, of Bismarck, Col. Tyner, of
Fargo, and Mr. J. M. Graham, of James­
town, which is a guaranty that the award
will be impartially made. The prise ia
open to every soldier in line, and whether
it goes to Bismatck, Fargo or remains
Jamestown will depend upon the appear­
ance of the competitors. This was a hap­
py as well as a generous thought on the
part of Tom Fields and will add much
interest to the occasion.
Late Land Oflce Deeiuisas.
The law gives a homestead for tbe pur­
pose of a home, not for tbe purpoae of
enabling an entryman to acquire title
without reference to its uses the princi­
ple being that the homestead is not mere­
ly the temporary residence of the head of
tbe family, but the permanent residence
of all.—-Commissioner Sparks, June 4,
Occasional visits and staying a few
nights on the land is not evidence of res­
idence. Homestead entries cannot be
maintained by merely functionary acts,
nor by improvements alone. The law
gives a homestead for tbe purpose of a
home, not for the purpose of aequiring a
title to the 160 acres of land without liv­
ing on it.—Assistant Commissioner Har-.
risen, June 5, 1885.
To sustain bis settlement a pre-emption
claimant must make some substantial im
provementa oa the land at
the data at
settlement, such aa
would he aotice to all
claims the
41 as
feat, one-half
8 37
27 38
24 50
5 25
12 00
34 50
On motion, salaries of county officers
for the quarter ending June 30, 1885,
were allowed, viz:
li. Q. Miner, County Auditor. $300 00
S. L. Glaspell, county attorney.. 150
P.H.Foley, county supeiintendent
of schools
Dr. R. G. DePuy, county physi­
Qeo. J?. Woodbury, county com­
J. J. Eddy, county commiasioacr.
SA 83
31 00
27 00
C. Buck, oouaty coamismoner.
On motion, board adjoarael sine die.
L. B. Mnaot,
Oownty Aadltor.
tertainment for the Fourth of inly
bration, of which Mr.
winslow is
the rustling chairman, the
tions for that important feature of the
occasion were made and the work
consummating it with an elegant
is now thoroughly under way, and ia lin­
ing prosecuted with
Northern Pacific
enthusiasm that
J. Itoper.
This committee will make report at the
armory Wednesday at four o'clock.
it was decided to serve an elegant sup­
per the evening of the Fourth at five
o'clock, the tables for which will be ar­
ranged before four o'clock.
laad. A ahaaty lflklS
oatho InadinaataaSeiaat.
—Acting Secretary Xaldraw, April M,
The removal ot lapvs—1» aft*
final proof, prima facte evidaaee of had
faith. Batriea aot made ia good faith
coateet, iavestlgattoa aad
caacellation.—Acting Secretary Maldrjw,
May «, 1885.
Affidavits accompanying homestead
and timber culture entries should state
whether the entryman ia a naturalized or
native born citizen.
Tc be subject to timber culture entry
tbe section should be devoid of timber.
The rule established by former decnioas
that to bar an entry tbe section muatoon
tain at least ten acres ot timber of at
least £75 trees per acre, ia held to be oat
side tbe law aad aot to be sustained.—
Commissioner Sparks, May 27,1885.
Frank Beals has chsrg
leaaoaade, confectionery
on the PeuTth at
grsaads lo
all who wish t) engage la audi
ahoald spply.
9 "ti
M* Kidder Caaaty Mar*r.
Aa associated press dispatch dated Juae
30th, at Dawsoa^ TKUiaoaU*
bolder of Kidder
eaaaty, oa
about forty
"est of Jsmoatown, is as
DAWSON, Dak,.J uae 30—A horrible,
murder Was committed here today. Jusi^C
at evening the body of Mr*. Uager was
found bnried in the hay in oae of the
stalls of the barn. She had b—i dead for
some hours. It is supposed thatatnuap
that waa working for Mr. Uager did the
work by beating in her head with an iron
Specials to the Alert.
Dawson, Dak.. July 3:30 p. afc^
The name by which the murderer of Mn.
Medina, Dak., July l, 10:36 p.
man answering the description of the
murderer of Mrs. Unger waa caught today
by sheriff J. D. Smith, of
linger was known, waa Aasoa Vneller. I
Me speaks broken English. He has*:
smooth face, is heavy aet, weighs about
170 pouads, 26 years old, light complex
ion. He wore a grey undershirt, a small
rimmed hat, faded brown overalls, aad
had blood on his clothing. Hia left boot
was cut on top. Thumb of right
hurt and bound up. His height is about
five feet six inches.
He was at work for Mr. Ahearna two and
a half miles south of Medina, lie gave
tbe name of Wolfe.
Sheriff J. D. Smith of Kidder county
arrived in Jamestown about one o'clock
thia morning and waa interviewed by the
Alert in regard to tbe Kidder county
murder and arrest of the murderer as
•tated in tbe special telegram above from
Medina. The facts of the case so far as
known were elated as follows hy Mr.
The family consisting or Mr. Unger
aad wife lived In their farm house about
forty rods north of tbe town ot Dawson.
The tramp had been working for Mr.
Uager about two months, and on Tuesday
morning Mrs. Unger, requested her hus­
band to discharge him as she was afraid
of him, but be thought her feara were
unfounded and did not do aa she request­
ed. About seven o'clock the mornlag
Mr. Unger started to a tree claim seme
distance away to do some work and left
the hired man, tramp, at home to assist
some plasterers who were to corns that
day and do some work in the bouse
When the platterers came the tramp was
at the barn and he insisted an putting up
their team so they could go right to work
as they were late, which they accordingly
did. fhey noticed blood on the traap'a
clothes and asked bim the cause of tt lo
"liaxiT "tfbentke
tramp had put away the team
to the house the men asked him where
the lady of the house waa to which he re­
plied that abe and her huabaad had some
trouble that morning aad ahe had goao
to the house of her brother-ia-law. Later
the day tbe tramp disappeared aad to­
wards evening the husband came home
aad while patting hia team away ia tbe
barn found the dead body of Lis wife un­
der some hay in tbe manger of the third
stall, her bead crushed in by aa iron
wadge which waa fouad covered with
blood. It seems the womaa had goae to
the barn for some puipoee between the
time her husband went away in the
morning and the arrival of the plaaterera
and fell a victim to the ferocity of the
tramp. After tbe horrible eircuaastaac*
became known aome of the people ia
Dawson remembered that they had heart
acreams in that direction ia the mora lag
but had no thought of the real cause.
Tbe scene that was enacted in the barn
that morning when the womaa fell into
the hands of tne demon who eatrapped
her no one but her merciless assailant
knows. She was about 35 yearn old aad
an estimable woman eateemed and rea
pected by all who knew her.
The while town was immediately aioue
ed aad parties ia search of the flead
started out and scoured tbe coaatry in
every direction. Yesterday sheriff Smith
and posse came npon him aa he waa hoe­
ing potatoes for Joha Ahearas, about
two and a half mika aouth of Mraiaa in
the western part of thia county. Oa hia
person was found aome cloning aad a
watch belonging to the husband of the
murdered Woman. He denied at first all
knowledge of tbe murder aad ot the fam­
ily but afterwarda admitted that ho waa
present aad said that another maa mnr
aerei the womaa aad told him if he did
ait leave he would be killed too. Mr.
Smith seat the prisoner ia charge of the
deputy abe
riff aad three other aaea to the
jail at Steele. He has aot the shadow of
doubt but that he baa the right maa aad
the murderer ot the ill fated woaaa
whose tongue is forever ailaaced in death
unable to tell the wrongs she suffered aad
the atrocity of her murderer.
Dakota sheep raiser wntiagaa ag
riculural paper ameag other things says:
Good sheda are used ia wiater sossctims*
they are covered with hay, hut generally
with boards. Sheep are shededaaly dur
iag the storms it matters aot how eohl
it is they are turned out to grane whaa
ever it doee aot storm. It it atorats all
day they are fed eome hay aadar shelter.
The jmat gram ia cat for hhy, haeaaae it
piiacipall^ea (to halalo aat taMfc
grMeaa, bat a the Ml aad tUv
reaort to the blae joiat. The latter gwye
tall, aad ia aot covered by saaw. 481a
is ao rain dunag the fall aad wiator, aad
the buffalo aad banch grasses getao dry
aad harsh that the sheep do aot reheh
them. There a weed called thereem
weod, which sheep are very katif, ta
very scarce, aad whan llodtaaafMUft
aew range, they will trarel a |«d
ia search of it, tmt after they have keen
held there a few deya,aad have ptafca*
theee woeda clean they bmnmt esataslsil
There an psHsaet weed aaMed the.
milk weed (a very sum* w«ed. »d aat
ha to he a S a a
awedsath to the sheep that ease It. Awe.
ta ao rsaeedy asod, for the sheep swells^
apaaddiea very qitok. They do ant tat,

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