Newspaper Page Text
VOL. VIII-NO. 11.
MARSHALL McCLUKE J. O. WABNOOK. In President Cleveland and Vice Pres ident Hendricks the two elements of the democratic parly are fittingly and forci bly represented. Cleveland represents the young, living and progressive cle ment of the party while Hendricks rep resents the fossilized, rock-rooted and bourbon element. Each has his support ers and each his opponents*in the party. Cleveland's motto is country lirst nnd party afterward), while Hendricks' po litical goapelM-partyfirHt-aiHlcoHntryaf-v terwards. Cleveland looks forward into the future and grasps the possibilities of our progressive nation, while Hendricks looks back over the past and meditates upon it? political wrecks and graveyards. IT seems that by a law of the last con gress, or a provision attached to the In dian appropriation bill, Indians who com mit the crime of murder, manslaughter, robbery, assault with intent to kill, or larceny, either against any other Indian or white man, within or without a reser vation must be tried in the territorial district court. This will amount to al most immunity from punishment as the counties to which these reservations may tie attached for judicial purpose are not able to bear and will not assume the re sponsibility of the expense of bringing such offenders to justice. Formerly such offenders were tried by the Unitcd'States courts at the expense of the United State?, in which expenses are not considered to any great extent. This law will probably be repealed at the next session oI con gress as it certainly ought to be. At the receut term of ttie district court at Dead wood.I udgc Church decided that this is the law in regard to these offenses com milted by Indians. THK people of New York are severely criticised by the press of other cities for using the mourning drapery used on the day of Gen. Grant's funeral as a means of obtaining money for the monnment fund. The plan is to cut these goods up into little pieces and sell them at exorbitant prices as mementos of that event. This plan might do to raise a cburcli fund or a fund tor the benefit of the poor but for the city of New York, with its countless millions of wealth, to resort to such a scheme is almost disgusting. The dispo sition to let New York build Iter own monument is cropping out. all over the country, and it seems now that the peo ple outside of that city-will build their monument at Washington where they feel the illustrious warrior should have been buried. The people were disposed to waive their personal feeling-) as to the place of burial in deference to the deci sion of the question by the family hut they are not required by courtesy or otherwise 1o,do so in regard to the proper place for the ttionuinent. TIIK somewhat imaginary sentimcntal itim that pictures the Indian as a model of honesty generally receives a shock whenever and wherever a test is applied. That sentiment is principally indebted for its origin to graduated school girls in the east whose opinions are formed Trom fairy stories or Sunday school libraries which only show up the good points of exceptionally good Indians who perhaps lived at a "time when the memory of man runneth not to the contrary." When the Indian becomes extinct and there is no danger of him bowing up as a living eontradicton of the sentiment this mode of teaching honesty will lie more impres sive tlian it is now. A few days ago the' Indians at the lower Brule agency resist ed by riot the enumeration of their num ber for a basis of issuing government ra tions because it would reduce the amount as they aie now drawing rations tor a number of dead Indians. This is a clear esse of dishonesty and on* that compares very favorably with thc.whitc man's in gennity in the same direction. TIIK delegates purporting to represent the democratic party of Iowa met the other day and promulgated a platform. The convention wns as representative a body as ony party convention, for none of them fairly and correctly represent the masses of the party, Party conventions represent the politicians, wire-pullers and schemers of the party. The masses do not attend the meetings to appoint dele gates to conventions. The politicians do that ant! appoint delegates from among their own number. There is nothing more delusive than a platform promul gated by a party convention. It is all things to all men. It is one of the things in which the art of using words to con ceal thought is reduced to a science. One of the declarations of this platform is: "We declare in favor of the repeal of the prohibitory liquor law of the state of Iowa as unjust and hostile to temper ance." None but a political convention would date challenge the ridicule of the public by such an absurd proposition. 'I hat the delegates lavor the repeal of the prohibitory law is perhaps an honest dec laration, but the reason assigned for it in the latter part of the sentence is a little too much for credulity that has been cul tivated lip to the point of distinguishing between fact-and fallacy. The ant itliesis of this proposition would be that a law encouraging and fostering the liquor traf lie would be just and friendly to temper ance. The one proposition is just as log ical, or, rather, illogical, as the other. It is carrying r% jug of whttky on one shoulder and a bucket of water on the other. is an effort to reconcile and same line antagonistic ele of the party. It courts the favor of those who from mercenary motives are in favor ot re-opening the gates of the liquor'traffic in that state for the money tb can make out of it, and of those who I to the liquor traffic, by telling the prohibitory law is subver iff Proprietor Editor THE undertaker who bad charge of Gen. Grant's body from the tune of his death to his burial makes a bill of $30,000 for the job. The road agents of Montana, if they are devoid of conscientious scru ples, would 11 nd it more profitable and less dangerous to go to New York nnd engage in the undertaking business. It beats "holding up1*' stages live hundred per cent and would give them the benefit ot bon ton society besides. sive of and opposed to the object sought to be gained by it. The platform then declares in favor of a license law ot $250 with power to "increase to $1,000 as may be deemed best for the public interests in the various localities of the state as ex pressed by the legally constituted author ities of such location." This proposition is that the convention favored prohibition to the extent of the minimum lax of $250 or the maximum of $1,000, as the people may decide within these extremes but the people of that state have already decided twice at the polls in favor of ab solute prohibition. The democracy of Iowa are raking up the bones of a dead issue. ONI.Y a few days ago a refined and educated young lady in Kentucky, who was destitute and unable to obtain hon orable employment, drowned herself. In her trunk was found a letter saying she wns tired of life and denouncing God as a fraud in whom she had trusted all her iifo.Jmi ^rho would not help her in_^tou ble and distress. Tbat sticliextremify tO distraction had a place in a christian land where one can hardly get out of sight of church steeples is a sad commen tary upon the practical work of Christi anity. No doubt all the churches in that locality contribute to the missionary fund for saving the heathen of foreign lands, and yet under the very shadow or their churches a young woman ®f their own race and country is allowed to "curse God am! die" for the want of a little christian aid and sympathy. Many a noble .jirl has ben starved and driven to a choice between suicide and prostitution for the want of a portion of the fiads ab sorbed by missionaries in converting the heathen beyond the seas. It may be that the churches do not know of the misery and want and danger of tins kind in their midst but they could easily ascer tain by little inquiry- Such unfortu nates left to contend single handed and alone with the wiles of the devil, and if driven by the despciation of want to shame they are placed under the ever lasting ban of ostracism. THERE IS a bare possibility that two very prominent gentlemen will be callcd upon to make an explanation. One ol tlicni is ex-associate justice of the su preme court of the United States and ex United States senator from I llinois, Judge Davis, and the other is the great Vermont lawyer, Senator Kdmunds. As president of the senate after the death of president Garlield to the expiration of his senato rial term Judge Davis is charged with drawing from the treasury $8,000 a year as vice president. Senator Edmunds suc ceeded Judge Davis in the position of president ef the senate and held the po sition from the expiration of Judge Da vis' term to the end of president Arthur's term likewise drawing the $3,000 a year salary of the vice president. It is assert ed that there was no authority of law for this as neither of them wa* vice president in law nor in fact. It seems to be a knot ty question and may furnish considerable political amusement, but as the two grave and reverened senators nlrcady have the money in their pockets they will not be likely to lose as much sleep over the dis pute as the politician*. As these gentle men were entitled to $8,000 a year as president of the senate it makes nodif terence to the people whether they drew it as president of the senate or as vice president of the United Slates. Again lias the democracy of Ohio turn ed its back upon Tliurman and relegated hint to the rear as a fossil. This lias been done so many times of late years that the venerable statesman may soon come to believe himself tlint lie is in-the fossilize 1 stage. It is only when the party in that state re'ali/.e the need of brains that the aid of the old Itoman is invoked, nnd that is only after defeat when it is loo late. Judge Tlmrman represents the hottest element, of the party in that state and is consequently of late years in the minori ty. Intellectually he is a giant among the political pigmies of his party. Elim inate the name of Thurman fiom the po litical history of Ohio and a great many of its brightest pages would be seale I up. He baa flood like a rock in support o: the principles of the party handed down by Jefferson and Jackson while his party have pursued the bubbles of fanciful demagogues. During the "rag money" craze which led the party into the laby rinths of confusion Thurman incurred the displeasure and animosity of his party by repudiating the delusion, a position which the public sentiment of the coun try afterwards sustained, but for which he was made a martyr by his parly. The democratic state convention at Columbus on the 19th inst. re-nominated Gov. Iioadley ever Thurman, and again has the party turned its back upon the man who above all others has given- the party character and respectability for a quar ter ef a century. 1'iie supreme court of the state of New York has just decided a case that is new in jurisprudence and the decision will go on record as an addition to the common law of the country. The case is one of peculiar importance to business men. It was one in which a msn engaging in busi ness on his own account sought to use the prestige of former employment in a business house of widely known reputa tion and good standing by using on his sign and business cards in connection with his own name and business the words "late with" so and so, his former employer. The latter complained that the effect of the announcement was to take away from his trade and injure his busi ness. The court held that defendant had no riclit to use the name of his former employer. That "nothing is more com pletely the property of a man than his name, and that, no other person has a right to use it. without the owner's con sent, and that the use of the plaintiff's name to make conspicuous the rival bnsi ness and name of the defendant is a clear violation of the property rights of the plaintiff." The court reached this decision by rea soning and without citing precedent, and as it affects business rights the metropol I tan papers are discussing it, some of them, notably the New York Herald, taking issue with the court. In support 1 1 JAMESTOWN of Ihc "dissenting opinion" of the Herald it cites the irrelevant case of a firm of druggists that dissolved partnership, one continuing the business at the same place and tlie other starling up anew in anoth er place and using in connection with his name and business tlie words "late of the firm of" so and so, which his right to do so wns sustained by the court of ap peals. There is a wide difference in the two' cases. In the first the man as employe had no property interest in the name and business reputation of the man by whom he was employed. Jlis remunern tion for services was not in the least le gally contingent upon the good reputa tion or business success of his employer. He had no more property rights or inter est in tlie business, name and reputation of his employer than the field laborer has in the name, products and real estate of the farmer by whom he is employed, llut in the case cited by the Herald both men had property interest and rights in the prestige ot the old Arm and both had a right to use' them. Merely became' in the arrangement of dissolution of Ihc co-partnership one of them remained at the old stand did not give him exclusive right to the prestige of the old firm. THE "tramp" has become such a dis tinctive class, recognized pest and annoy ing mcnace to the peace and security of the homes of the people that he is receiv ing attention by state governments and becoming a subject of stringent legisla tion in some of the states, in which they will probably be followed by the legisla tures of other states and the territories until this class of vagabonds will not have where to lay their heads except as outlaws. Perhaps one of the best and most effective laws is that of the state of New York, passed by the last legislature, principal paints of which are as follows: All persons who rove about from place to place begging, and alt vagrants living without labor or visible means of support who stroll over the country without law ful occasion. It declares that any person convicted as a tramp shall be punished by imprisonment at hard labor in the near est penitentiary for not mote than six months. It provides that any tramp who shall enter a house against the will of the owner or occupant, or who shall be found carrying any firearms or other dangerons weapon, or who shall threaten to do in jury to any person or property, shall be deemed guilty of felony, and on convic tion be sent to State Prison for not more than three years. Any resident of the town where a tramp appears is armed with authority to arrest the offender, and take him before a justice or other com petent officer. Now is the lime when tribulations of many kinds beset the federal department office holders at Washington. They sec decapitation in every flying straw and arc in that state of mind which impels them to catch at every straw they maysiipnooe will help maintain their positions. A few days ago a man representing himself as a brother of the law partner of the presi dent put in an appearance at Washington and soon made it known to the clerks that the prestige, of his indirect relation to the president in a business way was such that a word from him would decap tate or retain any of them in a position. Of course these clerks contributed to the unauthorized and extortionate demands ol the man who, as they supposed, held their official destinies in the palm of bis hand. Having extorted all he coiild out of the clerks in office he levied tribute upon the office seekers outside for his in fluence to sccure their appointment, grad ing the fee in proportion to the impor tance and emoluments of the office de sired. In the meantime a letter of inqui ry was sent the alleged brother and law partner of the president who answered that tic had no brother and that the man to whom they referred was a fraud nnd a swindler. All who paid money to this swindler have not only lost their money but they arc exposed to the additional danger of removal for having contributed to a corruption fund to retain their places. The way of the office holder is rocky. No better evidence of the practical efficacy of sanitaiy measures as a preven tive of pestilence is required than the ab sence of cholera in the United States the present summer. The cholera season is now almost past, at least so nearly past, that no apprehension of this terrible pes tilence is felt. The summer has been ex tremely warm and there does not seem to be anything in the condition of the weather that would operate against an. outbreak of the scourge. Wnen last year the cholera made its way westward into ranee there were well founded appre hensions that it would cross the Atlantic this year and make a campaign of death through this country. Being thus fore warned the most vigorous sanitary rules were adopted and enforced and the most rigid quarantine measures were applied. It was a matter in which all were direct interested and consequently the pre ponderance of the people in favor of act ing upon every precaution against the plague was so great that the careless mi nority was moved along with the tide in the work and exemption rrom the pesti lence may be reasonably attributed to this sanitary course. If this course is as generally and thoroughly pursued in the future we may reasonably expect like ex emption from the scourge. Investigation in the old country has shown that cholera is not a visitation of the wrath of God nor a native element of tbe atmosphere, but that it comes up from the cellars, back yards, alleys and filthy sewers of a town or city. TnK democracy of Iowa is of the genu ine bourbon species—from a decade to a quarter of a century behind the age. Bourbonism has always been the millstone about the neck of tlie democratic party, and it seems always will be such, ll is a sort of a ghoul, raking up the bones of the dead, and never coming up to an is sue until it is dead and buried. Ilourliou ism opposed the war for the suppression of the relellion after tbe southern confed eracy was dead and buried. Hourbouism opposed the emancipation of the slaves after their shackles had been broken asunder and they warnjestowd from tbe ^'*»,Jf*»* ®l%- JAMESTOWN, DAK,, T1IIIRSjDAY "AUGUST 27. 1885. condition of phattels to the enjoyment of the inalienable rights ol mankind. Uour bonism opposed the enfranchisement of the negroes after tlicy bad been invested with the ballot, Houibonism opposed the act making greenbacks a legal tender tor debts after it was an accomplished fact of our national commerce, and then opposed resumption of specie payments after it was successfully restored. Hourbouism is a clog to the wheels of progress and a standing contradiction of the living,dem onstrated facts of the age. IJoiirbc.nisni in Iowa now opposes prohibition which has twice received the emphatic sanction of the people and is tis liimly established as the constitution of tiie state. Tin. progressive democracy is continually hampered and weighted down with the incubus of bourbonism. It was to satisly this clement of the pnrly that the recent state democratic convention declared in favor of the repeal of the piohtbilory law, and it was a bait to the progressive element that the reason was given that the law_ is "unjust and hostile to temper ance." Tfaft«teinftn»iljii ynilyvfif JLW)i is in nn organized contradiction. In tbe south cotton is king in some oi the western states corn is king in the extreme northwest wheat is king but over all iron is king, and it lias passed into a commercial saying that "as goes iron so goes all commerce." If tins be true the outlook is bright for t.lt-j future, as the announcement, is made from Pitts burg that the prospects for the iron trade has not been so bright, for several years as at present. The iron trade is very sensi tive to the financial condition of tbe country, nnd as the barometer indicates the coming or breaking away of a storm before any signs arc visible, so iron in dicates the coming deprcssson or activity even before their inlluence is felt in other commerce. As this country was the last to feel the depression so it will be the last the tide of revival will reach. The coming winter will probably be a dull one and a good lime to make up the balance sheet preparatory to starting in with the flood tide next spring and sum mer. The balance of trade in our exports and imports this year will lie about fifteen million dollars in our favor. The inllux cf capital next year for investment will be several millions more. There lias been an annual increase of wealth to theamonnt of fifteen millions the past, two years as shown by tlie assessment, which being made on a one-third cash value basis would show an actual gain of forty-live millions per year. If by excess of exports over imports we can add to our wealth, fifteen millions a year, and by labor in crease Ihc value of our property to an amount which, added to the inllnx of capital, will aggregate torty-livo million1 a year, as hns been done tlie past, two sue cessive years, we certainly have no cause to complain. TIIK domocrn(-it)-OFTIWRNIMW- -JLROWIT county seems to have taken tbe manage ment of the party machinery of the terri tory out of the Imnds of tbe territorial committee. A representative meeting of democrats from all parts of the territory is callcd at Aberdeen for Sept. 2--I, tbe object of which is state to be "a tbor ough and systematic organization of the democratic forces in Dakota." II is also proposed to give authoritative expression of the democracy of the territory on the question of admission of Dakota as a state regarding the Sioux Kails ennven tion for presenting the views of the democracy to congrcss on tbe subject, of admission and division. Whether this movement is revolutionary, reformatory or otherwise remains to be seen. The en dorsement of the call is noteworthy Irom the absencc of tbe names of the regularly appointed territorial committee more than for the prominence of those who have given their signatuies. It would 'em to be the young democracy coming to tbe front and relegnting the old war horses of the party, who have stood the brunt of political battle through long years of de feat, are either ignored or do not counte nance the movement as the absence of their names shows. Sonic of tbe names Hint are given can probably be found in the rccords of tbe councils and conven tions of the republican party a year ago. It is wonderful what new political light, and revelations are carried with success at a presidential election. As the news that Cleveland wns elected Hashed over the wires last. November the scales fi II from the eyes of thousands of republicans who, like Saul of Tarsus, had only a few days before thought they were doing God's service in persecuting the demo crats from Jerusalem to Damascus, and there lias been a disposition to manifest more joy oyer one of these who came into the fold than over the ninety and nine rock-rooted old bourbons that went not astray. The growth of thts territory during tbe past five years has been without a parallel in the settlement of any state or territory in the union, tbe increase being 207 per cent. Members of congress have persist ently refused to rccogm/e this growth, but during the last session took the cen sus of 1SS0, which was 132,000 as tlie basis of their remarks on tbe subject of admission, and asserting that we bad not sufficient population to entitle us to a represeniative in congress under the last apportionment: If shewn by approxi mate estimates made upon tlie vote cast in 1884 for delegate to congrcss that we had three times the number shown by tbe censns of 1880, they would answer by ac cusing us of voting our untamed savages and grave yards, though the latter would not cut much of a figure one way or tbe other. Tliej- absolutely and peisistcntly refused to accept anything as authentic upon the subject except. Hit census of 1880. Now that an authentic enumeration has been made for which the federal tunsiiry will pay about $30,000, which shows the minimum to lie 415,000—we say mini mum, for any errors there may b» the enumeration are in failing to find and en roll persons, of which there arc some no donbt—there can be no reasonable grounds for going below that nnmlicr. This numlier ol population together with the development of the resources of the territory furnisbea us with an unanswer able privileges of statehood, hl^ rwe ito Sot tknicve would if presented afcsthe wish of the llut ihc fore* of tiiia: claim will ten by 4he. Mruleor ruin'1 South Fschemers who arc clamoring for a their own south of the 40th par itch would necessitate a division jjFjwtritory and which congress is jlisposod nor under obligations to i^ jnay expect to remain in a state Iftatj^V UBtil tbe scheming jwlli "Cf$autk Dakota learn that they ger than the' congrtss of "the ifr- is a double-header opposition to ftoccatio vention called at Abcr lieei||[y tbeHrown county ccntral com inittfe and otber assumed leaders of tbe partvv" One Wiiig Of the opposition con sisls^t ihe 4llh"parallel divfsionisis, al nioajt wholly composed of republicans, wjho.iobk trjion the proposed convention as ajaiovekncnt to defeat tbe object of the constitutional convention soon to'be held at Kfipfe'-Kalla. llut tbe mam and most frWflmaiUc -t(iU)PaU-i( _n_oo mes fra in the old war horses of tho parly wlio look~upon the movement ns one of freshness and ial on the part of new converts to the faith, who are yet in the probationary stale, many of whom are so flexible in thtjir political convictions that they would cnp outer no scruples in banging back to) the republican party if that party shculd lie successful at the next presiden tial election and gain control of the fed cnil patronage. There ts magic as well as profit iu beiug on the side that holds the key to the public crib. The old war horses object to taking a back st at for these party probationists and they will not lie likely to do it. THE secretary of state at Washington hns been advised and informed by a South Dakota man that the condition of this territory is now relatively the sanc as that of the American colonies a hundred years ago when they rebelled against lax tion without representation. Secretary Bayard will probably lie highly edifiedjby the information and would look for aidcc lamticn of independence from this qjiar ter soon but for the assurance of thi| as sumed representative of Dakota Re ITL nient tiiat tbe territory will not re^e' This latter assurance will no doubt I^j'e great relief to the war department. representation iu this territory -mm -t The Times in the above sceins to have misapprehended tbe object of lie meeting in this city, and if the altorney^of I tames county entertained the same idea they will see their mistake in the proceedings of the meeting iu this paper. It wns, we understand, partially in deferance to the members of the liarnes county bar who for some rerson failed to attend that the ncrm«newt"wa«iwatton.-was-_pQs^oned. While the matter of a successor to Judge Francis in case of his resignation or re moval would naturally come up at such a meeting incidentally aud inlormally, il was no part of the object of tins meeting as the Alert understands it to either make any movement against Judge Fran cis or in favor of any particular member of the bar as his successor. The move ment had to originate somewhere, and as the advantage of such an association is recognized by all the fraternity there nns certainly nothing improper in originating il in Jamestown. The only objection wc have heard fiom attorneys is that the no tice of this meeting was too short as it cerlainly was. There waR, however, a good representation from Bismarck and no doubt the entire district wi" be repre sented at the Noyember meeting. Tlie Division ((ueslioii. The Journal's position regarding divi sion and admission appears to be misunder stood by the Sioux Falls Press,—probably from reading some article in whir'li the Journal's views were, but part.lv «'\Wcss lios- er is pie, had the -npiinJul I Salivated Him I" a This writer seems to be a disciple^j Ihe prophet Campbell who figured so o]jon_ spicuously two years ag' in. the "siilftlc out of the union" scheme. It is supri'Vne nonsense to talk about taxation will rl"'1 where^Hie ,people elect their representative ^an(l where the governor, so rotary and UtiS's lature are paid out of the treasury of a United States agaiust the small amfrllnt 'if government, revenue collected, 'l Seems to tho Aleit that wc can stand »hnt kind of "taxation without representntijm" as'lonjg as the government can. WeJcan .eiinostr«»"',-«'vn law makers and can ll^ve just such laws as we wish, not inconijwsl ent with the laws of the United Slai'es, and that is all a slate can do. The mass es of the people of this territory are *'Ot teating their liatr lor statehood and-tf°r thj privilege of paying the expenses ef' a stale government. The office seekers ^are doing this and they are doing it vij jpr- ['HE political campaign in Ohio this jir is one ot peculiar vexation and injler and it must be confessed that, the prohibitionists are the only ones #hat hnjve an unequivocal and explicit lat form. The principal contest in 'hat st*!e this campaign is the liquor quest ion. The prohibitionists have forced this 'sue into the campaign nnd arc not only Ve tcrmined to light it out on this line but are equals determined that neitbs of the leading political parties shall e'ade the issue. The democratic party dec arcs in favor of a license law, while the re publican party steers its craft bet* reen the two with a policy that may be ex plained to favor prohibition In ibe locali ties where prohibition is popular, ai cense where license is popular, and ji as possible avoi:l tbe iss-.ie entirely. II far dis ome II no There is no use in attempting to gtiise the fact that prohibition lias bei ail issue in public sentiment that wi longer down at the bidding of political leaders. Its advocates are enlisted for the war, and the zeal they manifest is making itself felt on public scntiiirerUT Its motto is that of Gen. Grant wlier. took command all ttie union armies against the rebels, namely, "immediate and unconditional surrender." Involu tions never go backwards, and if the pol icy of tbe prohibitionists is right and an advance step in progress it will pievail, and parties might as well recognize it first as last. The principles advocated by the abolitionists prevailed because they were tight, and right will ultimately pre vail in all cases. As the blood of tbe martyrs was ilie seed of the church so the war made upon the pjohiiiilionists has strong*,liened them. They can no longer be ignored by the two political parties They wrecked the republican party in the presidential campaign last year, not because they loved the democratic party more but be cause they intended to show the world that they could stand together and aloue. They will not amalgamate with any other party noi can they be eliminated by aii »oiption any more than oil will absorb water. They arc a living vitality and re ality and they know it. Tbe time is coining and is near at hand when there wil ne a grand rush of politi cal demagogues from both the lid parties into the prohibition camp, and if the party cm survive such an acquisition it will probably succeed to official power in a few years. The history of the rise and fall ofjpolitical parties in the past furnish es ihs-ructive examples upon which to prcdicale the succtss or failure of parties in the fulnre. A Huron dispatch states that Ihe insur ance convention has closed its ten days' session there afiei organizing a business men's mutual insurance association with the following officers President, Gen. H. U. Pease of Watertown vice presi dent, II. E. (Jutes or Milbank wcretarr, Augustine Davis of Huron treasurer, K. H. Hagerty ol Aberdeen. The principal office of the company will be at Huron. ~7"\4J0 •I j# ff "*v 12 ^7 ^J) C* Cf*" •*, v. Dv-,-• c, V1 3= A-Miafakni Men. Th^jfropowtk meeting. o'f t'hfc btr of th^Mxth 4uHcial District at .lani^own^morroWd^HnQt»eMn:» meet with that hearty, re&ponse expecUd from the Barnes county bar. Our aitor^ neys look upon it as a sharp game got up for the purpose of forcing an endorse intnl. for the Jamestown candidate. The fact that the signatures are all 'James town attorneys does not look ns though it was of wide spicad origin. We do not think liarnes county, will .be represented. Morion county and llnrleigh will proba bly not send delegates, and the scheme will not, in all likelihood, materialize as intended by its originators.—Valley .City Times. II tility of either section toward the a permanent feeling among tbe then good government could not ti under one State and division, fil creation of two States, will best serl interests of both sections. We linvi ceded that il the people of the soutllialf or the Territory desi-e division, should have it. We have held, how that the question Sf division cannc 9 «&' "XAWf^ ViJ .VS1» liey ,-er, be settled without showing to congres tbe wishes of tlie people of the Territory *nd that newspaper articles or the resolu ons ot conventions and legislatures will not have sufficient weight congiess. Hence, believing that a majority in each house of congreis will this winter 'ote for an enabling act for admission of Da kota, it is propised, that tlie onlv^piac ticable compromise and evidently right course, that Dakota influence at Well ington be turned to securing an enab.ing act which will allow the people of the Territory, by direct vote, to decide question of division, and lorm one or states, as tlie majority shall choose, because congress has the power to tcrmine for us, that such a course is essary, for otherwise admission as onu or two states, or division without admission, either, would be easily defeated in con gress by a show of opposition Irom with in the Terntory—Bismarck Journal. Wheat Figures. One thing that puts a damper on any immediate rise in prices, is the amount nl old wheat now on hand, which amounts to something like 40,000,000 bushels against only 12,000,000 last year. Tbe amount of Hour is nlso very large, and the European demand for our wheat is •not heavy. All these things combined are apt to cause many to form a very con servative idea regarding future prices. It is well known that the winter whc.it crop shows a decrease of 2^0,000,000 bushels, and there will be a great demand for winter wheat, which will not be as plentiful as it was last year. This will have a tendency to advance the price of spring wheat, though the crops this year will not be first class in qualitv. But it cannot be denied that a bushel of wheat will be worth considerable"more'this fall than it was one year ago, and farmers who are so fixed as to bold on to their grain for a while may be able to realize a very good price for this season's gram.— Minnesota Miller. Cost of Itafoiiig Wheat. Some one lias furnished the Cassclton Buzzard with the following cst matc of the cost of raising wheat in Dakota. The estimate is said to be based upon the ex perience of six successive years in the business in the Ked river valley. The calculation is made on the basis of six teen bushels per acrc. Ilaj is reckoned at $4 per ton, and oats at twenty-five cents per bushel. Each horse is allowed sixteen pounds of hay and sixteen pounds of oats per day when at work, and twen ty pounds of hay when idle. Four horses and one man are allowed to the plowing of four acres per day, three horses and one man to seed six acres, three horses and two men to cut and shock twelve acres. Wages are calculated at $20 per month durine plowing and seeding, a? $1.7" during harvest. Board at thirty cents per day Pllowing per acre.. $ 42.'J Seed wheat 1 50 Cutting and shocking 38 Threshing and delivering at cars.. 1 20 Wear and tear of machinery 40 Depreciation and loss of stock.... 20 Expense of stock when idle 40 Cook, nine months 30 Twine 30 Threshing, five cents per bushel to machine 80 Incidental expenses 50 :„.v Total for sixteen bushels $t W}:, Total for one bushel 40 Attorney Hewitt, accompanied by his father and brother, went up the James town &• Northern yesteiday on a hunting expedition and will be cone about* week. 1 JfZi i#:- .-^ .:Jem iter AwMialiM*' Minutes of a meeting for the purpoae af iorming the Meeting was called to order at ,p. m. Hon. Johnson Nickeus, of town, was chosen chairman and J. A. Ilaight, of Bismarck, secretary. The purpose of the meeting was .stated, by Mr. Camp, of Jamestown. Motion of Mr. Wiiiiants. ot Bisiuarck, the chair be instructed to call a meet ing of tbe b«r of, tlie sixth judicial dis trict ntJamestowtr in November for the purpose of forming |eHbaM|it llar JjLifi social ion, which was seconded' and passed. Mr. Dodge, of Jamestown, .mpved that the chair appoint a committee of five to draft constitution and by-laws for conaid-. eration at the meeting juat provided lor, which was seconded and puaed. The chair named Mr. Dodge, of Stuts man county, Mr. Selmes, of Morton, Mr. Dickey, of Barnes, Mr. Edgeriy, of Bur leigh, and Mr. McHugb, of foster, as the committee to draft constitution and by laws, and secretary w^fGSW*»e«^-ttfa»e*' tify the members of their appointment. Moved that when this meeting adjourn it be to meet at Jamestown, at the court house, on the 13th day of November, 18S5, which is seconded and passed. Moved that these proceedings be em bodied in a circular to be sent by the sec retary to each member of the bar of this district at least ten days before the next meeting of the Association. Carried. On motion meeting adjourned. J. A. HAIOHT, Sec. The Encampment. Adjutant General Free has issued the following order relative to tbe military encampment at 4'argo. 1. In compliance with Section tf, of the Military Bill of Dakota Territory, tbe An nual Brigade Camp of instruction for the Dakota National Guards, is hereby located at Fargo, I). T., to convene on the 22nd day of Septemder next, and continue tor four days. 2. The cainp will be known and desig nated as "Camp Giant-" 3. The quarter-master general will fur nish tents for the accommodation of the command, and subsistence will he pro vided. 4. Accomodation for transposition, with instructions, will be announced in future ordeis. 5. Company commanders will ascertain as near as possible the number of men tliey will bring to encampmcnt, and re port by til to this office, not later than September 15, for transportation uses. *. The general commanding the brig ade will issue the necessary orders for the establishment of and tours of service in Hie encampment, covering all regulations and customs relative to the same. 7. Company commanders will forward morning reports to the regimental head (T: quarters, and eonsoiiattretfTeporiB win oe forwarded from there to adjutant general each day during encampment. 8. Tbe encampment is for the instruc tion of the officers and men in camp and Held duty, and every man is expected to be present unless excused by his com manding officer. ii. The commander-in chief trusts that the conduct and bearing of officers and men, proficiency in drill and attention to the duties of the soldier, may be highly creditable to them and the Territory. I'y command of commander in-chief. (iiuiF.r.T A. PIERCE, Governor. THOMAS S. FREE, Adjutant General. The Census of Dakota. An associated press dispatch froin Bis marck says the copying of the census re tains lias been completed and forwarded to Washington. The official totals by counties in South Dakota are not yet completed for publication but the grand totals are as follows: South North Dak. Dak. Total Inhabitants ... 2(13,405 152,19!* 415,604 Farms 50,204 32,503 82,707 Manufactories. 442 012 1,054 Deaths l,84!i 720 2,560 Federal Scldiers 1,488 7,S85 Confed. Soldiers 70 26 105 Dakota has an area of about ninety-six million acres of land of 2,230 acres to each man, woman nnd child. The as sessed valuation in 1S83 was sixty-nine millions in 1884 eighty-five millions this year over one hundred millions. A Harvester awl Thre* A successful trial was made near Fargo a few days ago of a harvester and thresh er combined. The Argus says 'It did the work to perfection, al though never in afield of gram until Saturday afternoon. The machine is something like a header with about a a thirteen-foot cut, the grain falling on to a canvas carrier, that takes it to the foot of an elevator, which transports it to the separator, and the straw passes through, dropping to the gronn.1, while the grain comes out of a spout into a wagon bed alongside the machine. Twelve horses are used to push the com bination, while two haul the wagon that carries tbe wheat. George Foley opera ted the aparatus which lowered or raised the cutter and he, by a simple pressure upon the lever, managed to make the sickle cut down to the roots of the straw, or just below the heads, as.he might choose. Another man alongside of him worked the lever which steered the ma chine, and still another opposite watched the separator to see that it worked prop erly. It is claimed that only or.e man is necessary with the two levers, and two men to drive." Perhaps by next year some ingenious Yankee-will invent a roller mill and bake oven attachment so that the wheat that stai ds before the sickle will come out biscuit and baker's bread. Mrs. M. S. Wells, who has been a very active worker in the temperance cause in this city ever since she came here, cail el a meeting at the Methodist church the past week which waa attended by quite a number of ladies aad waa re solved to persevere in the effort to organ ize a permanent and active branch of the Women's Temperance UaMa hi '-Ma ty. Wit !tMit s* ."jfe liMa.ofv.hotni'Af Minuteaof lart, «eetftl^a«-M»d proved. On motion Dr. lL G. DePnyaad W. B, *ppaiated eommiaakMiers of Inaanity.to act wtyUndg* of Probate, pi. li. G. DePuy Uiaenre for two years and W. E. Dodge tip term of one year. ^r tion for a hceaw toakaU spirituous aad malt liqmto* Wiwfwrftn three mohthMroHiAugmt Jld, ]•§& »n motioK |)nwl approved and lic««* granted. Peter 2i«a«enaaa filed boad«nd made application for license to retail apirituoua and malt liquon at Eldrigge for a period of three nraatln tram August istfc, 180JS. On raotioa hood approved and Imiia? granted. -t On motion the'following bilta were al- re*418 25 00 Geo. 1). Barnard ft Co., abatact books for County Treaiurer, 51 so J. M. Bowman, merchandise fur nished county paupers,. .... 1121 P. P. Fuessenich, witness fees April term district court,....'..' 2 00 Fellows, work on highway Dist. No. 4, i« 38 J. 1). Ogibie, work on highway, Dist. No. 2, 20 16 Lott Campion, work on highway Dist. No. 6 57 75 John Boyer, work on highway Dist. No. 3 74 Jas. H. Wmsiow claimed |4C3 55 O for lumber furnished for coun ty roads: was allowed 350 91 On motion board adjourned to meet at 2 o'clock p. m. In session at 2 o'clock p. Full board present. Woodbury in the chair. On motion county auditor was instruct ed to furnish clerk of the district court from the assessment roll twenty-eight qualified names to complete ]nry list. «ras-« sSsIS'.' Annual report of Arrow Wood school township received. On motion report accepted and Clerk and Treasurer each allowed fifteen dol lars. Annual report of Albion school town ship received. On motion report accepted and Clerk and Treasurer each allowed fifteen dol lars. Annual report of Montpclier school township received. On motion report accepted and Clerk and Treanirer each allowed fifteen dol lars. Annual report of Lees school township On motion report accepted and Clerk and Treasurer each allowed fifteen dol lars. Annual report of Toledo school town ship received. On motion the same wns referred hack for correction. Annual report of Buchanan school township received. On motion report accepted and Clerk and Treasurer each allowed fifteen dol lars. On motion board adjourned to meet at 10 o'clock a. m. September 7th, 1885. L. B. MINER. County Auditor..' James liver TaMff Crawford Livingston, secretary and treasurer of the James Itiver Valley road, returned to St. Paul yesterday from New York. While In New York Mr. Living ston made all arrangements for William K. Merriam and himself to build their road. He purchased rails, which are to be delivered at Duluth by Sept. 15th. Mr. Livingston says the road is not to he built in the interest of any company, nor has any contract or running arrangement been made with any road. It is them teution of the gentkmen interested to make the road tbe connecting line be tween iSorth and South Dakota, with its southern terminus at some point to he agreed upon, which will be reached by the Milwaukee A St. Paul, Northwestern and Bock Island. While every arrange* ment has been made, the building of the road will depend upon tbe encourage ment received from the towns along the proposed line, particularly Jamestown, in the way of right of way facilities, etc. The building of the road is entirely a pri vate speculation. Messrs. Livingston and Merriam will eventually sell out or run the road themselves, whichever may proye the more advantageous. The road has not and will not be funded, as there is sufficient money on hand to biuld the whole line.—Columbia Dispatch. An associated press dispatch from 8t. Paul says there is a rumor that president Hill, of tbe Manitoba road, intends build ing a new line from Crookston, Minne sota, in the center of the lied Itiver Val ley, to Duluth, on Lake Superior nnd also to extend his branch from Devils Lake, Dakota, to little Falls nn the Up per Missouri river, giving him an inde pendent line of road about seven bun-1 drcd miles long, from the Missouri river" to Lake Superior through the center of tbe territory lying between the Northern Pacific and Canadian Pacific systems. This will give a line from Duluth.%Wm ntpeg about fifty miles shorter tntt tbe Canadian Pacific from Port Arthur to Winnipeg, passing through a lich agri cultural region between Crtnkston and Leech lake and passing also through the great pine region of northern Minnesota, ud give him a lake outlet lor nil the great territory lying b«M Minnesota nd the 1 (Thief of police Schmrtvlaformslhe Ar-^ gas that he searched the chy in vam tag And a case of scarlet fever and that UM»£ ramor to tbe effect that scarlet ferer towa is without Haa«nHnu. was started by a hair-ihMhg tM Capital tried to pmftMifnr tgB, Only this and aasfcfg