Newspaper Page Text
IACTS BRIEFLY STATED.
HOW THE SITUATION APPEARS TO AX OLD PIONEER. JAMESTOWN. ITS VARIOUS INSTI TUTIONS AND ENTERPRISES. A Brief but Complete Exposition of the Advantages of Stutsman Coun ty, AVith Figures on the Cost of Farming and a Vast Amount ol Miscellaneous Information for In tending Settlers. EDITOR ALERT:—It gives me great pleasure to comply with your request for a statement of what I know about Stutsman county. Having resided in this locality "summer and winter" ever since the year 1879, it places me in position to speak knowingly of those things which pertain particularly to Dakota. Here in tbis territory, by following the ordinary and common sense rules of business, one can enjoy health wealth and happiness, and only needs to satisfy himself as to locality in order to at once set about building up a business and home for himself, and by making himself happy make the world better for having lived in it and enjoyed his pres ence. Some have done this, and others can and will, notably those who have had experience in agricultural and stock ais ing districts before coming here. Others have made failures, but they are notably those who had no experience or had no capital either to carry out their projects or sustain the immense amount of credit they required. While Dakota has many other fine lo calities and can offer a varied number of industries, there are none better suited than Stutsman county for the raising of small grains, vegetables and stock di versified farming is the most successful. This county is sitnated in the Northern, Pacific country, and about midway be tween the Missouri and Red rivers. It is forty-eight miles square, and contains :|n area" of over 1,47-i.OOO acres. It is com posed of high rolling prairie lands, well watered and covered with nutritious grass, upon which cattle thrive and grow sleek. The soil is a black sandy loam, from twelve to twenty-four inches in depth, underlaid by a clay subsoil mixed with lime, forming a combination of chemicals whose presence grows the finest wheat in the world. Our climate, like that of every other outside of paradise, has its advantages and disadvantages. Its main claim is that of being healthful, and invigorating no malaria in either summer or winter, and no mud to place its embargo upon trade in the latter sea son. The winters are the greatest bug-bears to the uninitiated. Your correspondent has passed nearly twenty winters in southern Michigan, and about ten in Northern Dakota, and is frank to state that he prefers the latter to the former and never will of his own free will and choice make an exchange of locations. The settlers now here* are the most thor oughly American of any Dakota point, having emigrated mostly from Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois and Pennsylvania They are well educated and, refined, in consequence of which our churches, school housBB and newspapers llourish. The population of our county is about 6,000 inhabitants. The valuation of our land ranges from $4 to $15 per acre, ac cording to location and amount of im provements on it. Excellent and well located unimproved lands can now be be bought for $4 per acre, biit with in creasing settlement these figures will soon give way to higher prices. There fore, the opportunities for both purchas ing and making long time loans were never better than now- the land must grow better as an investment and more ample as a security. As yet the United States government is able to furnish free homes upon over -250.000 acres of land within the boundaries of this magnificent county, to settlers who will occupy it under the various acts of congress, known as the homestead, pre-emption and tim ber culture laws. The most important requirements being that the settler be the head of a family, or over the age of twenty-one years, a citizen of the United States, or one who has declared his or her intention to become such: and either settlement or improvement for live years, or settlement for a six months period and payment at the rate of per acre: or in "case of timber culture claims, lo plant ten acres of trees and keep them growing for eight years. Under thes laws the settler can secure a 4H0 acre farm at a nominal cost. The foundation of all wealth being so easijy acquired, one's fortune now de pends upon his own frugality and good management. The cost of raising a bushel of wheat is about 30 cents, and the average market price obtained is about 60 cents. Oats, barley. Max, and all kinds of vegetables do equally as well and are as easily raised. Horses, cattle and sheep have proved themselves to be of the most successful and profitable in vestments, and the farmers who have set tled here with them are now the most well-to-do of our people. The cost of living in this territory is nearly the same as that in similar sections of agricultural districts in the east -best flour being worth 82.60 per hundred pounds granulated sugar 8 and 9 cents per pound and common lumber $18 per thousand. Fuel is the only item that requires extra expenditure and this costs 810.50 per ton for hard coal 88.00 for soft coal, and $6 and $7, a cord for wood. The problem of cheapening these rates is rapid ly solving itself, however, as immense coal fields are being discovered within one and two hnndred miles of this county and as soon as railroads reach them they •will be developed and our fuel bills re duced. The fact is, that Dakota offers so many inducements for all classes- -the rich and th® poor, the old and the young^—that lime will not admit of more specific and extended details of so fertile and extend ed domains. So let it suffice to close this communication with a brief description of the city's location and general "make up". THE CITY OF JAMESTOWN This city is the county seat of Stuts man county and has a population of at least 3,000 inhabitants. It is situated at the junction of the James River and Pipestem creek and is surrounded by high bluffs which make the location very striking and picturesque. The peo ple are thoroughly American, which fact evidences itself in the fine buildings erected here, the business abilities dis played in every day transactions and the general high moral tone of its society. Both city and county believe in high license and as our territory has a local option law, the majority prefer it to prohibition and with apparent satis factory results. The city is protected by an excellent system of water works sup plied from an artesian flow 1576 feet in depth. It is lighted by a first class elec tric light plant, and business is expedited by the use of a well patron ized telephone exchange, It is the terminus of two railroads, and is situated on the main line of the North ern Pacific, and is the center and natural trading poiDt of oyer one hundred miles square of territory. It is the headquarters of the Dakota division of the Northern Pacific railroad and their round house and repair shops are located here and cause from 812,000 to $15,000 to be expended monthly at this point. The North Dakota Hospital for the in sane is an important item to our credit, as is also a Presbyterain College of vigorous growth and flattering prospects, securely at home in a fine large brick building of its own situated upon and highly orna mental to our surrounding bluff s- Besides the municipal organization, the city and county's welfare is looked after by a Commercial Union composed of the most enterprising citizens, who undertake to advertize our resources and to en'courage immigration and manu facturing interests. The public schools are carefully foster ed and occupy two large buildings. They are supplied with an efficient corps of twelve teachers and chemical and philo sophical apparatus. A $30,000 brick court house adorns a prominent portion of the city, and a 820,000 law library association, composed of the aristocratic limbs of the law, helps to sustain and is a valuable auxili ary to the amount of eloquence let loose within the walls, high ceiling and floor of the fine court room. Three shaded parks grace the outskirts and add to the pleasure of life in this bright little city. Societies and benevo lent organizations flourish by liberal sup port,ahdjfind the following representatives established here, viz: The Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist, Catholic, Lutheran, and Episcopal churches, three Masonic lodges, one Independent Order Odd Fel lows. one Ancient Order United Work men, one Grand Army Post, one Sons of Veterans Camp, one Womans' Relief Corps, one W. C. T. U., one German Verein, one Military company, one Fire department, and one brass band. A free reading room is kept in good running order by the W. C. T. U., and the people in general have one public hall for thea ters and other entertainments. The wheels of business are kept busily in motion, and the "wheels within the wheel." that seem to be well lubricated by the oil of mighty dollars, are to be en umerated as follows: One architect, five agricultural imple ment dealers, two banks, three barbers, four blacksmiths, tw» boot and shoe deal ers, two boot, and shoe makers, three books and stationery, yne broker and cammission merchant, one bottling works, two breweries, one brick yard, two bake ries, two clothing houses, four coal and wood yards, four contractors and build ers. one cigar store (exclusive), two cigars and confectioneries, one caterer and candy manufacturer, one carriage works, one creamery, two exclusive dry goods. sx doctors, one dentist, two dray lines, four druggists, two elevators, four fied dealers, two furniture dealers, one Hour mill, one feed mill, three general merchandise, three groceries (exclusive), three hard ware and tinsmiths, one gunsmith, seven hotels, two harness makers, five insurance agencies, two jewelers, ten lawyers, four livery and sale stables, three lumber deal ers. six laundries, one loan and trust, company, two millinery, four meat mar kets, five newspapers (two English weeklies, one German weekly, one daily, and one monthly!, two plumbers, one planing mill. one photographer.sixpaint ers. one real estale dealer, three restau rants. two dealers in second hand goods, two surveyors, three tailors, thirteen wines and liquor dealers. This will give an idea of our surround ings and business. Trusting you have not tired or this letter, I am sincerely yours, Lock Box 025. LEO lion. Honor to the First Regiment Hand. Valley City Times: Mr. A. H.Yancev, traveling passenger agent of the C. B. fc Q. railway, arrived here today, deputed with authority from a number of leading democrats of the territory to secure the services of the First regiment band to at tend the democratic convention at St. Louis June 5th. After consultation with PostmasterClark,business manager of the band, favorable arrangements were made, and the boys irt a special car will hie themselves away to waft their sweet strains to the breeze, at the great demo cratic pow-wow. The recognition of the excellence of the band in being selected to appear among the best bands of the nation, as worthy to do honor to the name of the great territory, is a distinc tion of which both they and their friends may well feel proud. By hard work the boys have won merited fame at home, and we can rest assured that go whce they may, they will earn enconiums for themselves, and praise for their town and territory. A JAMESTOAVX MAX WINS. Zalmon S. Martin of this City AVins His Case Against the Northern Pa cific Railroad Co. In 1873, prior to the definite location of the Northern Pacific railroad, Gen. Han cock, by order set apart certain lands, which are now adjacent to the city of Jamestown, which were known as Fort Seward military reservation. This tract remained a reservation until 1880, when by act of congress, it was thrown open to settlement. Z. S. Martin then filed a pre-emption, which covered, in part,lands in odd numbered section. In 1881 Mar tin offered proof at Fargo, whereupon the railroad company contested his proof, claiming that the land in the odd num bered sections had passed to them by grant of congress to aid them in build ing the road. To this, Martin, through his attorney, Johnson Nickeus, answered that these lands were not granted to them, that Gen. Hancock's order declar ing the reservation was prior to the definite location of their road, and that by virtue of the granting act they were given only such lands as were within the forty nnle limits, (odd sections^ that had not been taken for pre-emption, home stead and those that were not reserved, and that these lands being reserved at the time of the definite location of the road were forever excepted from the grant, notwithstanding the fact that the president of the United States did not proclaim the reservation for two years after Gen. Hancock's orcier, during which time the road had been definitely fixed and that the president's proclama tion was retroctive and related back to the date of Hancock's order. Now, after seven years of litigation through the various divisions of the land office, Secretary Vilas holds the points taken by Mr. Martin's attorney good, and awards the land to Mr. Mnr tin. This decision settles the question of Fredrus Baldwin's homestead, as well, which also adjoins the city. These two tracts are worth at least $10,000. The decision is further far-reaching in its effect on the other military reserva tions along the line of the railroad such as Lincoln, Custer and others, which when abandoned will be open to settlers. The Alert congratulates Mr. Martin and his attorney Mr. Nickeus, upon their success. _____ About the Conventions. Messrs Nickeus and Frye were sizing up the rink this morning with a view to the arrangement of the same for the con ventions next week. There are eighty six organized counties in the territory, all of which will probably be represented here, and it is proposed to have a stand ard or some similar device placed in the midst of each delegation with the name of the county it represents, to prevent confusion. A large portion of the hall will be reserved for the delegates, and some trouble is expected to be encounter ed in finding seating accommodations for the crowd which it is anticipated will be in attendance upon the sessions of the conventions. To obviate this and prevent crowding admission tickets may be is sued. The probable attendance at the second convention is variously estimated at from, 200 to 300 delegates which number with the outsiders, candidates and others will be increased 50 or 100. The two conven tions come so close together that one will increase the attendance of the other. Death of Parmley Hillings. A Chicago special of yesterday says: Parmley Billings, aged 25, the son of Hon. Frederick Billings, the millionaire stock man and railroad magnate, died at Hotel Richelieu yesterday after only live hours' illness. The father of the deceas ed succeeded Henry Villard as president of the Northern Pacific, after the latter's failure. The deceased was a graduate of Amherst college in the class "84, having been previously expelled from Williams, where he was JI member of the same class during part of its freshman year. College gossip sa\s that his jjulher gave Amherst ?5li.ii(i0 for taking his son in, which was somewhat contrarv to the custom of the college. The young man was always somewhat wild in college, spending money freely in every direction. Parmley Billings was well known in Jamestown. He and Mr. E. G. Bailey, a cousin, were in charge of the construct ion of the James River valley line. Mr. Billings was noted for many good impul ses and for some eccentricities of conduct, not vicious or especially bad. but the out growth perhaps of habits formed by a life of idleress and abundance of paternal cash to spend at will. He special weak ness seems to have been the accumula tion of clothes, having at the time of his death several suits he had never worn. Figuring on The Fair. Argus: The Grand Forks people ex pect 6,000 people to be in attendance at the territorial fair thi« fall: her enterprise has won and her business interests will reap the benefit of the aggregation. Sup posing they only spend 83 each, that's 818,000. If Fargo had the fair she could count on 10,000 attendants. Supposing they spend 85 each—850,000. Fargo ought to have it—but Grand Forks got it —let's accord support. Mandan Pioneer: Some of the Indians about Mandan are marksmen of the first order. This morning an IndiaD 65 years old was in town with his bow and arrows. Some one gave him a two cent piece to shoot at across the street. The old man stuck the money up, and after one or two shots brought it down, being that much ahead. No duty should be left undone. If yon have a smarting skin disease it is not your duty to scratch and irritate it but to apply Chamlierlain's Ointment and cure it.. Sold by druggists. THE CRYPTOGRAM. Ignatius Donnelly's Book Issued lit A WORK OF GREAT INTEREST Did Slinxptir or Francis Bacon Write Shakespeare Preliminary Sketclfe* The Wonderful Scholar lt»c»n-r-Tlie Illiterate Stratford Family—How Ii1 Sli—SJI—r— Spell His Name?—II iK Daughters—Learning of tlic Piiiys—l.aw of tlie I'luys—Course of the Discussion—How Ignatius Donnelly Kx- Uuusts the Sulijret. In the latter part of the sixteenth century two great lights suddenly blazed out in the galaxy ol! British intellects. So far did they surpass all who went before, that each is taken as the founder of a new system, both as the beginners of a new era. So great have they seemed to all who have come alter that comparison is considered high praise. So lar did they outshine all contemporaries in their several lines, that those are for the most part only quoted as witnesses to these two and while the time abounded in heroes, states men, scientists and explorers, these two gave it that distinctive glory which still attaches to the Elizabethan age. These men were certain dramatist, whose name' is in dis pute. but usually printed "Shakespeare," and Francis Bacon, Baron Verulam and Viscount of St. Albans. Comes now the Hon. Ignatius Donaelly and offers to prove that these two vvero one. that "Shakespeare" is a noni de plume, adopted in mild burlesque of a cer tain witty actor and stage manager that the authorship of the plays was concealed for political reasons, and thus the ignorant actor has been credited with the philosopher's work. It is as if we should place Pike's Peak upon Popocatepetl, or add the strength of Sanisou to the muscles and staturo of Goliah. If we must add the greatest philoso pher down to that time to the greatest dra matist ill time, the colossal intellect thus evoked erpowers the common mind, and we can only remit the explanation to the philosophy of miracles. Let lis, therefore, examine Mi*. Donnelly's argument carefully, and add to it what others have discovered, for the theory is uo new thing For nearly half a century it has been gaining adherents at least 250 books and pamphlets thereon have been issued, and literary men are already ranged in two hos tile camps—the Baconians and Shakespear ians. This article is merely an attempt to present the evidence in compact form, and point out the strongest and weakest counts in Mr: Donnelly's plea, just issueL THE CONTRASTED TWO. No two men could differ more widely than' tlio known philosopher and the supposed dramatist. Lord Bacon was nobly born, rich (except during one period of his life) and learned beyond all men of his time, a re lined courtier, a profound lawyer and an able judge, an aristocrat in politics and a life long companion of noblemen and the adherents of royalty Of the supposed dramatist the exact reverse was true in every respect until the middle or latter part of his life, when he had gained fame and fortune. The contrasted evidence is amaz ing and startliugly suggestive. Of Lord Bacon we know un much as of any man in English history. He was born at York house, in the Strand, Louden, Jan. S2. 1501, and died at Uighgate, April His father was a baronet, Sir Nicholas Bacon his mother of noble blood and extraordinary talents The few specimens extant of her letters are perfect models of graceful and classical Kuglish. The'style is noticeably "Shakespearian.'" She adopted Puritan view. and her letter warning her sons, Francis and Anthony, against the theatre, bears striking similarity to passages in the great dramas. Francis was precocious and his health was delicate. At S years of age he read the Iouks usually perused by his parents ut 11 he produced an essay on the laws of the ii'iagination: at 12 he entered Trinity college. Cambridge, whence he grad uated with high honors, and at the age of 10 ho issued a protest ngaiiiht the philosophy of Aristotle, then preferred at the college, and against the general system .of teaching. "They learn nothing," he said, "except to be lieve. They are like a becalmed ship, they move but by the wind of other men's breath and have no oars of their own to steer withal." From childhood he was polite and witty. "How old aro you, my pretty boy f' asked Queen Elizabeth when his mother brrlight him to court. "Two years younger than your majesty's happy reign." replied the witty little cour tier. lie read all the Greek and Latin authors critically, spoke French and Italian, and had some knowledge of Danish and German. He traveled on th6 continent of Europe, studied Paris, read law two years, und was admitted to the bar at the age of 2L At 28 he was made counsel extraordinary to the queeu at 32 he was chosen member of parlia ment for Middlesex, and devoted himself to a reform of the laws. Subsequently he was special counsel to King James I: then solic itor general, attorney general, and Anally lord high chancellor. In 1618 lie was created Baron Verulam, aud in 121 Viscount of St. Albans. We turn now to the alleged dramatist, and are at once almost lost in obscurity. At first view he would seem no more a real historical person than llomulus or Agamemnon. We know that there is a name, "Shakespeare," attached to immortal works, from whicft we form exalted conceptions of the author, and a portrait accompanying the works, whica is admitted to be an •'improvement" or flatter ing imitation of a very different picture We aibdt&ow tnat-there was an individual whose name bore a very slight similarity to the other in sound, aud a closer resemblance spelling that he came at an early age from Scratford-on-Avon, lived thirty years in Lon don, grew very rich as manager of a theatre, returned to his native place, and spent his few remaining year* in easy living, diversified by some rather discreditable actions. P''t that individual's real narue we cannot know, since the few of his relatives who could write spelled it in at least fifty-live different ways, from Jaequespeer, Shackspeer and Jaxpyr, though the slow evolution of Shaxpeer, Shackspyr, Shackspeer and Sliaxper, down to Shakspeer and finally Shakspere, at which it rested during the later years of William Shakspere, after he had tried thirteen differ ent ways of spelling it, only to make its final change some time after his death into "Shakespeare," when his heirs claimed the honor of the dramatic authorship and it w$s asserted that the family had been founded by a noted warrior who was knighted for his bravery with the spear. And, finally, there is some evidence that the original was the Norman nick nume, for a peasant, Jacques Pierre, which was pronounced Zhackspeair and meant "Jack Peter." For information of this William Shaxper or Shakspere we turn first to the public and official annals of the time and find not a line. We turn next to the letteiu and other pro ductions of eminent men of the time, and it was indeed an age of greatness. There were Robert Earl of Essex, Sir Francis Drake. Sir Walter Raleigh, Cecil Lord Burleigh, Nicholas, Anthony and Francis Bacon, Sir Koiiert Cecil, Sir Henry Wotton and Sir Philip Sidney, with Walsingham, Coke, Camden, Hooker, Drake, Inigo Jones and all that brilliant galaxy of warriors, scholars and navigators, wlio only began their career in the reign of Elizabeth and became noted in that of James, and therefore must have been for a short time contemporary with William Shakspere. The literature still extant as made by these men is voluminous 3*et in aJt of it there is no reference to the man, and very lif.t'e in deed to the plays. I jet us pass this omission as due to their preoccupation in other affaiis and turn to the poets and other writers of the time. Here we find a few, very few, references to W illiam Shakspere as a genial fellow, a boon companion at a supper and abounding in wit and humor. But one of all those, however, the noted Ben Jonson, loft any testimony implying that William Khakspciv was a man of great talents. To sum up. All we really know of the man was gathered after'his death by visitors to Strat ford-on-Avon. Seven years after the death of Shakspere appeared the first complete edition of "Shakespeare," called the edition of 3623 then the reporters of the day went to Stratford and hunted up the particulars, and what they reported, and their successors have discovered, sums up substantially as follows: THE SH-K-SP-R-S OP STRATFORD-ON-AVON. Stratford-on-Avon was one of the dirtiest towns in England at a period when the filthi ness of common life was indescribable. Night travel in the streets was made danger ous by deep and.muddy puddles, anil the peo plo utilized them for manure bins. When the "reform movement" set in an alderman and several prominent citizens, including one of the Shaxpeers, were prosecuted for making manure heaps in front of their doors. The dwellings generally were dark and noi some. Ln one of the best of those William Shakspere vvas born, in April, 150-1 and in a much more elegant one, called New Place, be died, April 2.'!, 1(110. His father, John Shagspnr, or Shaxper, or Shakspere, could not write, but was a fairly well to do citi- 110* SHAKSPERE1AN AUTOGRAPHS. sen. his mother was equally uneducated, most of his relatives the same, and his own daughter Judith, at the age of 27, could not sign her name. When William was but 15 years old his father became a bankrupt. William worked successfully as butcher and wool stapler til) the age of IS, when he was compelled to marry Anne Hathaway, 8 years older than himself. Their first child was born a few weeks after, and their twins, Hamnet and Judith, some two years after. The young, husband and father became rather dissolute was prosecuted aud whipped for stealing deer from tlit* p.-jrk of Sir Thomas l.uey, and took revenge by circulat ing a coarse piece of poetry ridiculing the magistrate, for which ho was so threatened that at the age of 21 he (led to London. There he lived a short time by the humblest occu pations. then became an actor, and very soc:i after appeared the first, and perhaps ti.e finest, of the Shakespearian plays. Aud here we are face to face with the first great mystery. If Shakspere wrote "Shakespeare." then we must believe that the illiterate village boy advanced in two or three years to the capacity of producing dramas which sweep the whole gamut- of hiur.an feel ing. rise to the heights of learning and down tc the depths of mental and i:io v.l philosophy, display a kuowledge of courtly life and gentle manners e]ual to that of Raleigh and an insight into the principles of law almost rivaling Cuke, at the earnJ s:: :e that tuty show a comaiaKd of derivc. tives never any other case gained except by n. severe classical trailing, a smoothness of versification no other poet has attained without years of application aud an insight iuto the workings of the human heart never granted to any other v.Titer. It almost sur passes the power of human credulity. It is perhaps possible to accept it as a fact without invoking miracle as the explana tion, but wo need not wonder that many thousand thoughtful men disbelievo it. This is the first and greatest mystery, and the second is liko unto it, namely—Why did William Shakspere, if the great dramatist, suddenly cease to write at the very time Lord Bacon was promoted to high office, re tire to Stratford and never mention his im mortal works/ As we have seen, the first plays appeared almost as soon as the youth became an actor, though there is evi dence that plays very similar in char acter and title had been shown in London before Shakspero arrived there. Before 1503 appeared seven plays and two poems, all these before William Shaks pere was 30 years old! Between the latter date and 1600 appeared thirteen more plays, and thus they continued to appear till Bacon was promoted—then Shakspere went to Strat ford. As manager of the theatre in London be bad acquired a great fortune we should presume, therefore, that he would thereafter lead the life of a retired scholar, and his mansion be the resort of lesrned men. Noth ing of the sort. On the contrary, bo engaged in the brewing business, loaned small sums on ironclad mortgages, pursued debtors with merciless severity, in one instance suing a man for twe shillings, indulged various vices, contracted (according to one of bis coteiu poraries) a loathsome disease, and finally died in a fever produced by a long debauch and the accompanying exposure. In all England the utmost research has failed to produce a scrap of his writing except Art signatures none of these had any connection with literature, nor is there any proved copy of anything he wrote in which lie referred to "Shakespeare's" dramas. He made a will in which be mentions all his ietty household, stuff, bis bowls, his breeches and his second best bed but in it there is no word referring, to his books, no mention of his plays or any claim to copyright, not one allusion to his possible fame. Did ever great scholar or writer make a will without such reference! Well might Ralph Waldo Emerson say, "I cannot marry the facts to his verse." The continued history of his family greatly adds to the mystery. His daughter Judith, at the age of 27, had her "mark" cer tified to because. she could not write. His parents' graves were unmarked by any stone and unknown to his children. His Susanna married r. Hall in baste, and with out publication of banns, for which they were cited to appear before the ec clesiastical court, and were able to prove thatJL"oiTii SHAKSPERK S the haste was ut least ad visable. A little later the doctor sued. two neighbors for libel, in that they had re ported bad conduct in his wife and as there is no record of a verdict, lawyers have' thought that the. case was compromised. Dr. Hall was a bfttiy and careful man. He1 kept a voluminous diary of his patients, his life and his many interests, which is still ex tant, and has been greedily searched by scholars but it contains nothing to prove claims to any rights in "Shakespeare.", lu the next generation the family became ex tinct, the grandchildren dying childless the property, the little that was left, went to collateral heirs, and the family dropped iuto its original obscurity. That out of such a. family should suddeuly have risen the great est genius of earth, descended from a long line of peasants and boors that he should have lived such a life, died such a death, left daughters uneducated and taken no thought for his tame, is of course possible but it iff against all experience. U. imu0Liuvdaughter' INTERNAL EVIDENCES. 1. The plots of many of the plays are from Latin, Greek and Italian authors, and: whole lines and paragraphs are almost lit eral translations from the obscure classics. The ready explanation was that the unlearned Shakspere obtained his knowledge from, translations, but recent research has a con clusive negative in this niauy of these works- had not then been translated into English, and at least one of them is not translated yet. More convincing still, in thoso cases where an English translation was then extant the author of "Shakespeare" lias rejected the style and words of the transla tion, and reproduced in his drama a literal rendering of the original, thus proving that he had not only read it, but had it inwrought into the very texture of his mind. Even the so called mistakes of "Shakespeare" often, prove tii be classical. Thus, in "Antony and. Cleopatra" Charmian proposes a game of billiards. In the ordinary reader this ex cites a smile. But the encyclopedic brain that produced "Shakespeare" know the curious fact—not one man in a million knows it now—that the game of billiards antedates Cleopatra. In another place is a reference to "Adonis' Gardens," of which the learned1 Richard Grant White says: "No mention oi any such gardens in the classic writings is known to scholars." But James D. Butler has found the passage in the "Pbaedrus of Plato," used exactly as in Shakespeare. 2. The author makes a word wherever he needs it, makes it generally from a Latin root and invariably follows the best rules of derivation, and gives the word its radical meaning. Of many hundred such words the reader familiar with "Shakespeare" will readily recall these: Deracinate. rubrous» eautelous, armipotent, evitate, oppugnancyv legerity and propinquity. These words art? not the coinage of a man who knew the Latin authors only in translations. :. The author of "Shakespeare" was a pro found lawyer. And his law was not like that of Charles Reade or VViikie Collins,, "crammed" for the particular ease, nor oven like that of Samuel Warren, whose "Ten Thousand a Year" is evidently written by a lawyer and yet contains some very bad law: on the contrary, it is tbo condensed excel lency of the common law of England as it stood tit the accession of James 1, and so thoroughly absorbed into the writer's mind that even in sportive love scenes or keen, ridicule he makes no mistake. This .point was lately submitted to a few able lawyers in England, and their decision was that in all the court scenes and law phrases of "Shake speare" there was but'one departure from the actual law, that in the "Merchant of Venice."' We can readily see how the necessities of the dramatic si'.uatiou compelled the author to depart from the correct rule in that case, for it would have been a very tlc.t contradiction if Antony had asked relief in equity from his boad. Authors who dip into law run into danger: unless well read in the science they are certain to blunder. Bat even in the most careless allusions, or love scenes, the great dramatist employs the technical terms of law in then' strict meaning and preserves, the delicate distinctions between purehaso and dcsceni, heirs of the blood and collater als. indictincat and presentation, burgage tc::uiv. lees aud gav.dhiud, reversion urJ recovery. Observe the lc^al terms, as ive» have capitalized them, in tins love scene: A tteutracl oi l..e:-:ir.l of love. Continued U.v .'uuiuc-l .loiudo:- oi' your hands. Attested by the holy close of lips. atreugthened 0y laterchauj ement of your rings. Anil all the ceremony of this Compact Sealed in my function by my Testimony —Twelfth Night, v, 1. How many students of Biaekstone, Coke or Mansiicld, ut the end of a two years*' course could state the law of constructive treason as clearly as Suffolk (in "Henry VTIT") states it in this passage: 1 THE ORIGINAL PORTRAIT Of SQAKESPEARK* Lord Cardinal, the king's further pleasure is, Because all those tMngs you h&ve done of late JJy your power le£*.itiQe within this kingdom Fall into the compass of a praemunire, That therefore sach a writ be sued against your