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FARM AO GARDEN.
TRUSTWORTHY INFORMATION CON CERNING SUBJECTS OF INTEREST Model Sides of Bacon, as Rated by tlie Most Important English Markets—The Best Quality of Pigs for Bacoa Caring Purposes. In a recent issue of American Cultiva tor attention is called to the illustration here reproduced, a glance at which gives an idea of those parts of the pig which are of the highest value on the English bacon markets. It also gives a clear idea of the best quality of pigs for bacon cur ing purposes for the British trade. MODEL SIDES OF BACON. The following are the current prices per pound in England for the parts, as num bered in the illustration. To reduce the figures to American currency let each penny be called the equivalent of 2 cents: 1. Streaky quarter lid. 2. Rib quarter lid. 3. Middle quarter 8J^d. 4. Ham quarter 5. End of necU C. Middle of neck 7. Thick back and sides 8. Prime back and ribs 9. Loin 10. Fillet 11. Shoulder 12. Prime streaky 13. Thin streaky .. 34. Flank 15. Middle of gammon 16. Knuckle of gammon 17. Fore end »f .8fcd. lOd. lid. lOtl. lOd. 6(1. lid. 8^d. ....6Hd. lid. 7d. 6d. An English writer, in explaining the illustration, says: For brevity's sake we will take the loft hand side of bacon, this being divided into five parts, and it will be observed that the most valuable parts are the streaky and the rib quarters, numbered 1 aLd 2, and that the middle quarter and ham quarters, Nos. 3 and 4, are of less value, while No. 17, the shoulder or fore «nd, is worth only six pence per pound, or only little more than half the value of the second part of the pig. and only a little more than two-thirds of the value of the third portion, the loin and ham, or, as the latter is called in the trade, the gammon. If to this be added the fact that the heads of the pigs are valued at from one pence to two pence per pound, one can understand why the bacon curer asks for pigs with heads weighing as lit tle as possible, also light in the shoulders, Jong and deep in the ribs, wide in the loin .and thick in the flank, with hams square ^nd deep, and not strong in the bone, but possessing a good coat of hair. Given such a pig properly fattened, our bacon curers can produce at a profit sides of which bacon will defy competition with the whole world. Norton's Virginia Grape. Numbered with wine grapes, is Nor ton's Virginia, introduced to cultivation by Dr. D. N. Norton, of Richmond, Va. Jor several years but little attention was paid to this grape, Catawba being the leading variety for wine making. It was not until some Missouri wine dressers had discovered its real value as a wine grape that the Norton was planted extensively in nearly all the wine growing sections of this country where the season is long •enough for its thorough ripening. The Cythiana, which has been called •the twin sister of the Norton, closely re semble the latter, although a marked difference exists between them, in some points. Mr. E. Dubois, a Florida vine yardist, in Florida Fruit Grower, says: The juice of the Norton, when fermented •on the husk, makes here a dark red wine of much body and color and of pleasant bouquet, without that caffeine flavor ex isting in the Norton wine from Ohio and Missouri. The Cythiana makes a still darker wine with at least as much body. The Cynthiana wine properly fer mented compares favorably with fine im ported Burgundy, and if turned into port none the European grapes cultivated in California and used for that purpose can compare with it. The Norton and Cynthiana grapes fermented together make a first class claret. NORTON'S VIRGINIA. The Norton wine, owing to its high percentage of tannin, possesses great medicinal properties and is particularly vaJ nable for dysentery and diseases of the bowels. Both grapes are now recognized by all experienced grape growers as the most trustworthy and the best wine grapes in America, and will add that they are the most valuable grapes for Florida. They will thrive in almost any kind of soil, and while in a high level ground they •will bear immense crops, on a hillside, not so steep, the yield will be lighter, but the quality of the fruit much superior, im parting its superiority to the wine. It has been discovered and authorita tively announced that the first man to tun"* he handle of an organ was a native of the province of Tende. HIS WAY. Love came to the door of the palace. And the door was opened wide There wasn't a thing to hinder, And they needed him much inside: But he rattled his quiver, and said with a sigh, ''Can 1 enter an open door? Not I! Not I! Noti:" Love came to the castle window, And he found a great broad stair There wasn't a thing to hinder. And he might have mounted there: But he fluttered his wings, and said with a sigh, "Can I plod up a staircase? No, not 11 Not II Not I:" Love came to the shore of the occan. And saw far over the stranJ An inaccessible fortress On a sea girt Island stand. "Who cares for an ocean?" be gayly cried, And his rainbow wings were quickly plied: "Not II Not I!" Love came to a lonely dungeon. Where window and door were barred There was none who would give him entrance Though be knocked there long and hard. Then "Who cares for a bolt?" said the saucy elf, And straightway the warder was Love himself I "Not I Not I!" —Eva L. Ogden. Chinese as Opium Smugglers. Who do 1 think are the most successful smugglers? The sleek faced, moon eyed Celestials, most emphatically. There is uo portion of a vessel or its cargo sacred or safe from the manipulations of the rascals. They have the deadly drug plaited in their queues, quilted in their clothing, packed in the cork soles of their shoes, and tucked away in the soft, cling ing folds of their silk handkerchiefs. They have false bottoms and sides to their camphor wood trunks, false bottoms to their cooking utensils, and they are false all the way through. They will construct material to resemble coal, fill the interior with opium and place it in the coal bunkers until all suspicion is allayed and the steamer discharged they construct tin boxes to fit around masts and cover their deception with false mast coats well calculated to deceive the inexperienced eye of a landsman. They will store it away in boxes of tea, cover it up with preserved ginger, and have it they will, despite all efforts to suppress the prac tice.—New York Star. In the Cause of Science. A man went down from Paris to Auteuil a few weeks ago, and, hiring a room in a secluded part of the city, shut himself up in it with a quantity of provi sions. He stuffed the keyholes with paper, pasted paper ove« the window panes, and in other way? manifested a desire for secrecy. After he had remained there several days the inhabitants told the police about him and the doors were burst in. It was then found that he was inoculating three terriers with his own blood in order to ascertain whether a bite that he had received from a dog was likely to prove fatal. He explained that he was experimenting in the cause of science, and expected to discover some means by which every man could be his own Pasteur.— New York Sun. Catching Monkeys with Beer. At Darfur, in Africa, the monkeys are said to be so inordinately fond of a kind of beer made by the natives that the bev erage is used by treacherous man as a means of capturing their unsuspecting relatives. Cans of beer are placed within reach, and when the convivial monkeys have become so thoroughly inebriated that they fail to know the difference be tween the man and the ape the negro takes the hand of one of ^hem, in all good fellowship, and leads him off. The others naturally follow him, and so good-by to their liberty.—Once a Week. Tea of a Special Picking. The daily life of the tea importer and his representatives would appear well cal culated to give them "old maidish" char acteristics, as they are obliged to spend the greater part of their time in sipping tea but. on the contrary, they are an ex ceedingly lively and active lot of people. When the wind is southerly they know a poor flush from a Young Hyson. There are several of the leading experts in the Chicago tea houses who endear them selves to a large circle of friends every year by sending with the regular orders of their houses a number of personal orders for a few small packages of a spe cial picking. At the tea plantations these personal orders are carefully filled with tho choic est leaf and shipped hero with the bulk orders. As they usually pack thfc tea in five pound boxes the salesman ordering it can allow his chosen friends to have it in convenient packages, and he disposes of it at the importation price—sometimes less. It is the nearest approach to the fabled nectar of the gods imaginable, and the drinker can almost feel a pigtail growing out of the back of his head as he sips it. It is too fine an article to be sold to the trade, as it must be retailed at $1.50 per pound to secure the retailer's usual profit, but the privileged few who get it at the cost price bless the friendly tea man for his favors.—Chicago Herald. The Country Cook's Originality. The various well known qualities of the average cook in this country are some times equaled by her originality. The other day, there being English guests at dinner, the cook was told to ornament the pudding with some fresh strawberries. When the dish was served, it presented a delicious appearance of jelly and whipped cream decorated with the bright red fruit but as soon as tho hostess took out a spoonful of the mass, a-look of horror came upon her countenance. In the saucer were fragrant strawberries, but attached to each was a wooden toothpick. The culinary artist had found that to pre sent the desired effect, the berries needed some support and had hit upon the ingen ious plan of wooded stems. In spite of the protest of the hostess, the English guests "have written home that the queer Americans serve toothpicks in their pud dings.—Good Housekeeping. Tendency to Increased Luxury. The tendency of the time is to increased luxury. There will be more pretty little adjuncts to the dressing case this year than ever. Toilet sets have been growing richer and richer every year. Last year ivory backs to brushes, and ivory combs were considered the proper things. This year everything runs to oxidized silver for combs and brush and mirror backs. I suppose after awhile gold will be the proper caper.—J. A. W. Fernow in Globe Democrat. She—George, dear, I don't quite like the way you go on with Ethel White. And ahe is as familiar as a sister would be. He—Yes, darling, that relationship was established last June at Saratoga.—New York Sun. AN INTERESTING POTATO CONTEST. Potatoes Grown by the Trench Sy,tem ol Cultivation. The editor of The Rural New Yorker last winter made the statement that if he could not raise at the rate of over 700 bushels of potatoes to the acre on a given plot in his experiment grounds by what is Known as the Rural trench system of cul tivation, let the season be favorable or unfavorable, he would forfeit $50, if any one would pay the same amount in case of his success—the money in either event to be donated to some eharitable purpose. The challenge was accepted by Mr. Wil mer Atkinson, the editor of The Farm Journal. It was agreed that the result of the contest should be determined by the following judges: W. A. Stiles, edi tor of Garden and Forest, New York Dr. Peter Collier, director of the New York experimental station, Geneva, N. Y. Thomas S. Burr, Plainfield, N. J. Peter T. Quinn, Newark, N. J. J. G. Webb, River Edge, N. J., and L. C. Benedict, agricultural editor of Tho New York World. The contest potatoes were planted April 20, and cultivated according to the trench system, approved by Mr. Carman, and for several years practiced with unvarying and satisfactory results. The crop was harvested, measured and duly decided upon Sept. 28 by tho judges appointed, in the presence of some thirty guests, in cluding Peter Henderson, the well known New York seedsman C. V. Mapes, of the Mapes Formula and Peruvian Guano com pany W. II. Bowker, of tlm Bowker Fer tilizer company Dr. F. M. Hexamer, edi tor of The American Agriculturist J. C. Haviland, representing The Farm Jour nal, and E. Williams, the veteran horti culturist, of Montclair, N. J. The contest plot contained five rows, each thirty-three feet long, threo inches apart from center to center, on specially prepared ground on which potatoes hail been grown for twelve successive years. During this entire period it received not over fifty tons of horse manure per acre. Tho applications of fertilizers each year have been liberal, the average being prob ably not less than 1,200 pounds (at that rate) jper acre. The rows or trenches, as thesg"are called to distinguish them from the ordinary plantings, were dug eight inches deep and one foot wide. Mapes' potato manure was mixed with the soil in the bottom at the rate of 880 pounds to the acre. On this the seed, cut three strong eyes to the piece, was planted in hills one foot apart then alight covering of soil on the seed and an additional amount of the fertilizer to make it equal to 1,760 pounds to the acre, when the trenches were filled to the surface with the earth taken out. One of these trenches was planted with a potato known as the Rural New Yorker No. 2, two with RUral New Yorker No. 3 and two with Rural New Yorker No. 4. Unfortunately for the contest, the flea beetle which has done much damage to the potato crop this season in certain por tions of New Jersey and elsewhere, at tacked the foliage of No. 3, occupying two-fifths of the plot, and destroyed it be fore the earliest potatoes began to mature. Variety No. 4, also two-fifths of the plot, was attacked in a similar manner later on and the foliage mostly killed some three or four weeks previous to the maturity of tho tubers. The plants of Rural New Yorker No. 2 were less injured than either of the other varieties and the foliage was alive in the early part of September. The production of the three varieties numbered as R. N. Y. Nos. 2, 3 and 4, grown in the five trenches and stated in round numbers, was as follows: The two trenches of No. 4 yielded respectively at the rate of 683 and 605 bushels to the acre. The tubers were large and well shaped and were generally of merchant able size. The two trenches of No. 3 (the ones most injured) followed with a comparatively small yield, at the rate of 298 and 253 bushels to the acre. The mammoth yield, which brought joy to Mr. Carman, although he was disappoint ed on the entire plot, was made by No. 2, which weighed out at the rate of 1,076 bushels to the acre. The tubers were large, quite uniform in size and perfect in condition. One of the noticeable things about this number was the unusual ab sence of sma. or unmerchantable sizes. The committee made a certificate for the whole plot at the rate of 583 bushels to the acre. This total, while falling below tho yield specified in the challenge, is in point of fact a notable one in view of the attack of the unforeseen and unconquer able enemy which destroyed the No. 3 plants before the tubers were a quarter grown, considerably injured the No. 4 plants and those of No. 2 somewhat. Mr. Carman favors the trench culture because it supplies a mellow and con genial medium for the growth of tho roots, which may extend where they will without obstruction, and because mois ture is preserved by the increased porosity. Again, the tubers are less crowded and more shapely than when planted the old way, and in the level system the rain is not shed off from the hills, but goes down where it will do the most good. Lower the Meat Hills. Everybody lias his or her way of living, and, if they would tell, the wholo race might be benefited by it. But whatever the theories may be, whether one reader believes in a meat diet and another does not, it would be interesting to know how each succeeded. The writer has often heard the remark: "I wonder how a man on $10 manages to live?" YGS, it may bo a wonder, but hundreds of men do it, and the writer knows, within the range of his own experience at least, half a dozen men who do it, and do it seemingly very nicely. Their wives wear inexpensive but neat and .attractive looking clothes the chil dren who go to school look as dean and as well drossed as the children of some other men who earn more, ant' the pre sumption is that each of these families get enough to eat. At all certainly look ev«*3its as they if they did. Now, with a little study, th«» writer does not hesitate to say many families could save money. "Where?" Right in the house right on top of the table. If a man can afford certain dishes and doesn't care whether ho will later be troubled with dyspepsia, all right but if he has not the very necessaiy "where with" ho ought to knock off on some of his meat bills. By this means he would have more money to expend for clothing and for a few of the things he cannot now enjoy and which he is forced to consider as luxuries.—Boston Globe. A Duel with Tricycles. Two young Germans in Berlin fought a duel with tricycles. Starting at 800 yards apart, they charged full tilt against each other, with slight injury to themselves «md serious hurts to their machines. Their honor was satisfied.—New York Sun. Amusement for English Schoolboy*. I believe that Uppingham makes fuller provision than any other existing aehool to meet the necessity for diverse employ- Ida ot y® ment or healthy amusement outsi study hours. Until within a few years the great schools mostly contented them- selves with providing facilities for cricket and foot ball. For these ample provision is made at Uppingham in several large playing fields, and the cricketers of the school particularly have won for them selves a record so distinguished as to prove conclusively that exclusive atten tion to this game is not essential to great success. But Mr. Thring was perhaps the first head master who fully realized and acted upon the fact that many a boy has not the stamina for these games of strength and skill, nor can lie, by any amount of forced exercise, be led to take pleasure in them. The gymnasium, opened in 1859 under the care of a compe tent gymnastic master, was the first pos sessed by any public school in England. For many years the school has had in op eration a carpentry, where any boy, by the payment of a small fee, can secure regular and competent instruction in the working of wood and the use of carpen ters' tools. In 1882 this field of useful manual occupation was enlarged by the construction of a forge and metal work shop, where skilled instruction is similarly given, and a boy can go far towards mak ing himself a competent mechanical en gineer. In the same category may be included the school gardens. These gardens, opened in 1S71, cover some acres, and are laid out and planted with much taste. Here a boy may have 'allotted to him a small plot of ground for the cultivation of plants and flowers. In connection with the gardens is an aviary, where the lad with a taste for natural history has an opportunity to observe the life and habits of a considerable collection of birds. A pretty stone building looking out upon the gardens serves as a school sanitarium, and if beautiful surroundings conduce to health, Uppingham patients ought to re cover rapidly. The want of any stream of considerable size near at hand led to the construction, a few years ago, of large swimming baths, where the boys can per fect themselves in an art which, while it does so much to protect life, is also of great sanitary value.—George R. Parkin in The Century. Tlie Change in Watch Crystals. There have been some eurious changes of late years in the fashions for staple commodities, and especially is this true in the matter of watches. The watch is either looked upon as a trinket or as an article of serious use. In the first instance it is set in a round ball, incrusted with small diamonds, sometimes intermixed with rubies or with sapphires, or it forms the top of a smelling bottle, or is set in a bracelet or the handle of a parasol. But the serious watch of every dsy wear has become a very practical article indeed. "In old days," said to me a famous Swiss jeweler of the Rue de la Paix the other day, "the business of replacing watch crystals was an important item, amount ing, on an average, to $30 per week. Now, instead of the delicate, soap bubble glass formerly used, the watch crystal is made thick and strong, so as to stand any amount of rough usage short of an actual blow. The introduction of these massive crystals has brought about a change in the make of watches. Not half so many hunting cased watches are sold as for merly, as they are so much less convenient than the open faCed ones, and the thick crystal does away with the only real ob jection to the latter."—Paris Cor. Phila delphia Telegraph. An Anecdote of Webster. ^reminiscence of Daniel Webster, never told before in print, was related here the other day by a contemporary of tho Massachusetts senator. It illustrates more forcibly than any hitherto recorded the extraordinary influence of his oratory. Webster had given a friend his note for $5,000. A miserly old Whig—the richest man in Alexandria—bought the paper at a sharp shave. He admired Webster and trusted him. The note matured. Tlie senator could not pay. The miser dunned Webster persistently, but without effect. Mr. Webster made a positive appointment to meet him one morning, but was not to be found either at his home or in the Benate. The note holder was walking away from the Capitol in despair when he saw Webster approaching with head high in air, eyes sunken with far away look, lips parted and teeth showing in broad smile. The old Whig lost courage and passed without recognition. Next morning, in perusing the newspaper, he read Web ster's reply to Hayne. At once he took the orator's note and tore it to pieces, so prodigious was the effect of the splendid philippic.—Washington Cor. America. Evolution of the Sneak Thief. The first depredations are made when as little children they rush through the streets and descend like a plague on a fruit ven der's cart or a grocer's corner, and are gone before the proprietor has time to protect himself or catch them. They are then school children with at least half a chance of becoming respectable workingmen. Those who are so inclined easily tkko the next step, which is that of stealing for men and youths who plan what they shall do and reward them meagerly. Their email hands, while they are children, make them very useful to adult thieves in opening the bolts behind barred area gates. Their tiny bodies enable them to crawl through fanlights. Thus they be come full fledged criminals, drifting about tho city by day and by night in an army that must number thousands. New York Cor. Providence Journal. Egyptian Tax Receipts. The tax collectors' receipts of the ancient Egyptians were Inscribed on pieces of broken crockery. Some of them, from the British museum collection, have been translated, and show the tax in Egypt un der the early Csesars.—Arkansaw Trav eler. ^•JACOBS OH RHEUMATISM. Jorroborattve and Conclusive Testimony. Lowll, Xw., July », ltST. Qeatl«nen:--Vr- ttwlt Sennit hu Jut aSal tpon an, and Infonu a« tbkt tb« boy Oris B*Ms •on. who was poor erlppl* oa ermtckw, ul «u carol by St. Jacobs OU la 1111 tta can tat roBalao* ptnaaanl. Tko yoaag an 3as toaa ani la aow at work at naaaal labor tho cast •Mtoinl* totm tho iSncr St. Jacobs OU. BB. BIO. O. OaOOOD, K. B. Sold bji Druggist* and Dealer• Evcn/wherr. fha Charles A. Vo(ilctCo., Balto., Hdi Telephone Connection. CITY DRAY. JOHN F. VENNUM, PBOPIUETOR. All kinds of Hauling and Freighting lone on short notice. Will also take contracts for building Claim Shanties Breaking apri Tree Planting. ORIN W. FRANCIS, H. C. SOUTHARD. FRANCIS SOUTHARD. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. FARGO. DAK Attention given to Land Office matters. Booms 1,2 and 3, Red River Bank Building. Northern Pacific RAILROAD. THE DIRECT LINE BETWEEN ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS, OR DULUTH Minnesota, Dakota, Montana Idaho, Washington Territory, OREGON, British Columbia, Puget Sound AND ALASKA. Express Trains Dailv, to which are attached Pullman Palace Sleepers AND ELEGANT DINING CARS. No Change of Cars BBTW fiEN St. Paul and Portland, ON ANY CLASS OF TICKET. EMIGRANT SLEEPERS FREE. The Only AU Rail Line to the J. R. WINSLOW, YELLOWSTONE PARK," For all information as to Time, Rates, etc.. Address -DEALEh TN— CHAS S. FEE, General Pass, Vg't, St. Paul, Minn. UMBER. Lath, Sash, Doors, Mouldings, Building Paper, Etc., Etc. viutc uiiu icVius, maui v/u. mnulciu uaivvia £*iC\dlUi. Gull River Lumber Co. MANUFACTUttEKb AND DEALERS 1 Lumber, Shingles, Sash, Doors, &c Mills at Gull River, Minnesota. Office and Yard—North Side, near N. P. Elevator Co Selling Out at Cost! Manufacturers of FLOUR AND FEED. THE CELEBRATED BRANDS: Belle of Jamestown, "A" Patent, Golden Northwest KNTIKK STOCK OF WATCHES,CLOCKS, JIWELEY, Bto., Etc., Mu&»t be sold out lief ore No vember 10th. Now is tlie time to get bar gains in the Jewelry line. J. M. TRENAB Y. -DEALER IN- Coal and Wood, FLOUR AND FEED. Houghton & Williams JAMESTOWN, .... DAKOTA. JAMESTOWN RUSSELL, HILLED HILUH6 COMPANY, Proprietors A. W. Kelley & Son, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in FLOURANDFEED OIL Oat Meal, Bolted Corn Meal, Etc UTzcozn-l: Street Xi eke us Block, JAMESTOWN. DAK MINNEAPOLIS & ST. LOUIS BAIL-WAT, AND THE FAMOUS "Albert Lea Route.' Two Through Trains Daily From St. Paul and MinneaDolis TO CHICAGO Without change, connecting with the Fast Train of all lines for the East and Southeast! THE DIRECT AND ONLY LINE RUNNING THROUGH CARS BETWEEN MINNEAPOLIS AND DES MOINES, IOWA, Via Albert -T.ea and Fort Dodge. DIRECT LIKE TO_W*TERTOWN, DAKOTA. 2 SOLID THROUGH TRUSS 2 BETWEEN MINNEAPOLIS and St. L0UI8 and the Principal Cities of the iMisMssinn Vallev connecting in Union Depot with a Doini8 south and southwest. MANY HOURS SAVED and the on- ning two trains daily to IfAMQAcVlTl/ Leavenworth and Atchi-'»'»»w®/l© LITY, son, making connections with the Union Pacific and Atchi'wn, Topeka A Santa Fe railways JV*Close connection* made in Union Dennf with all trains of the St. Pan., MwneatJiu REMEMBER! Si" Chair Care, and our justly celebrated •McimlnSI PALACE DINING CARS! 150 LBS. OE BAGGAGE CHECKED FRSlc a re a a a a he 5 Tables, Through Ticket., et£?W£n .1^ nearest *et Xicent or write to Gen'i Tkt! dPass.Agt., Min^JjolffBkT SUBSCRIBE rOR THE lAILY ALERT