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THE LAST DAY.
Tbe Farmers Doing Considerable Business in Their Decided Fashion. The Reports of Various Commit ters Heard--Legislative In terest Growing. Local Matters of Interest--News From the County at Large. Farmers' Alliancc. At Wednesday afternoon's session tbe reading of resolutions sent up from local alliances for consideration consumed frreral hours. Most of theBe were refer ^red'to the resolution committee. Among .'those adopted was one from I. C. Wado asking the legislature to appropriate (10,000 to aid in institute work in the territory by F. B. Fane her inviting every member-elect of the next legislature to neet with them by Geo.C. Crose indors ing and approving the scope and man agement of the agricultural college at Brookings, and recommending that the legislature make a generous appropria tion for it by Alonzo Wardell recom mending the concerted action of the •aiional alliance, the grange, Knights of Labor and other kindred organizations to the end that legislation be secured favorable to the industrial classes. I Judge Conklin of the committee on legislation, in a report to the convention stated that the committee as ap pointed consisted with the exception of himself, of membors-elect of thplegisla ture that these members carcfe. to the meeting to learn and not to Obstruct themselves arid that they therefore re quest that anew committee bo appointed. The report was received and adopted and President Loucks appointed the follow ing as the new committee: Judge Conk lin, E. P. Conser, D. 8. Dodds, Walter Muir, S. H. Goodfellow, A. 13. Taylor, J. L. Parker, J. P. Day, E. J. Mclnnis. The teachers institute committee was jounced as: J. C. Wade. A. D. Ohasa, r. Allison, I. J. Abyrer, Smith, J. W. Harden. President McLoutli of tho agricultural sollege at Brookings, was introduced and I addressed the delegates for a short time. &.t the close of his address adjournment waa taken until 8 o'clock. EVENING SESSION. At the evening session not any great amount of business was accomplished, •ainly through the failure of commit tees to report. Mr.Gray ot the Bismarok Settler, made a proposition to the alliance, offering to run an alliance daily during the legisla ture, if the alliance would pay for two men's wages and the paper and ink at St. Paul prices. No action was taken on the proposition. While further waiting for the report of I committees, Vice President Fancher in I response to numerous calls, enter I tained the delegates with a ten min & t.Ailr in his eloquent manner. At the •v of his address, President Loucks' afc. Hi* "What's the matter with sous our president," was met with a spontan chorus of voices replying "Oh he's all right"—and so was the speech. The committee on taxation reported the following recommendations: That the penalty clause for delinquent taxee "be repealed that interesfeon tax certifi cates should be reduced to one per cent per month that the date of safe of delin quent taxes be changed to Nov. 1. lhat assessors shall assess indiyiduals for what they are worth, according to the Assessor's judgment then if such indi viduals are not satisfied with such assess ment, it shall remain to them to prove it erroneous. That railroads and corpora tions be taxed the same as other proper ty That all secured mortgage indebted ness be taxed to mortgagee that regis ters of deeds be required to furnish a list of such mortgages to county assessors that in case of failure of said mortgagee to nay such tax, the mortgagor may do so and receipt for such tax must be received as payment on interest or principal of said debt. The first section was amended retain the five per cent penalty and making tithe iate of interest one per cent per month, and the whole report adopted in such shape. Judge Conklin, of the legislative com mittee, reported back to convention a resolution requesting the legislature to pass a law making it an unlawful and penal offense to manufacture and sell in toxicating liquors in the territory, and declaring the belief that such a law would be of incalculable benefit to the noople of Dakota. (more I* Wade moved tbe adoption of this resolution in a short but vigorous speech, which Capt. Van Ettan, in after )yards referring to, said was greeted by enthusiasm, at its close than any \mperance address he ever heard. De Mates from a number of counties fol- duiwed Mr. Wade's example and seconded 'the motion in short temperance ad m^ressQS. The resolution was linally die of n6**uanimously, on a rising vote, ready." ^dwith three rousing cheers, jrt.'pt. Van Ettan' melI)ber °lect °f house, from Hyde county, next addresed the delegates in a happy strain, and at the conclusion of his remarks the com mittee on transportation reported the following recommendations: That the railroad commissioners be elected. That P. J. McCumber's railroad bill be adopted as printed in the Dakota Ruralist. That the legislature should provide penalty for railroads failing to furnish cars to shippers within a given time. That tbe government should exercise control of railroads and telegraph lines. The report was unanimously adopted and convention adjourned at 11:30 p. After adjournment the delegates from North Dakota met and made arrange ments for calling a convention for that section, in case of division before the next annual meeting. 'I'tiis Morning. A large number of delegates visited I. C. Wade's stock farm and the asylum today and owing to small number of allf ance men present only a limited quantity of business was transacted. The com mittee on constitution and by-laws re ported a number of changes in the con stitution, but at noon action on the re port as an entirety had not been taken. The election of officers resulted sis follows: President Loucks, Clear Lake. First Vice President- F. B. Fancher, Jamestown. Second Vice President -J. W. Harden, Woonsocket. Secretary—C.- A. Soderberg, Hartford. Treasurer—Z. D. Scott. Milbank. Lecturer— A. D. Chase. An Important Document. Late last night the committee on leg islation submitted the following report. It is by far the most important report of the segei.in, and is printed in full. If the alliance claims to a majority in both houses are correct, it is an indication of the legislation wo may expect this win ter. Your committee appointed to consider thb many resolutions referred to them, alter a careful examination would re spectfully report the following for your considerate!): We recommend chat the board of reg ents of our agricultural colleges should be composed of practical and operative farmers. That the Russian thistles should be in cluded in the law providing for the des truction of noxious weeds. That the territory loan to any counties in the territory for the benefit of farmers who lost their crops by frost the past season, an amount sufficient to procure seod for the coming year—the rate of in terest not to exceea seven per cent per annum. That a law be passed to enable mutual insurance companies to organize and do business in the territory. That the immigration bureau is an ex pensive luxury and serves no good pur pose and should be abolished. We recommend that all contracts tainted with usury be null and void. That all insurance companies in case of total loss, be required to pay the full amount provided for in the policy. That the date of tax sales should be changed to the first Monday in Novem ber. That the present commissioner system of county government be abolished in all counties when township governments are or shall be organized and the town ship supervisor system so long and satis factorily tested in most of tbe states east of us, be adopted. That all county officers should be in-el igible to election to office, for more than two consecutive terms. That chapters No one hundred and sixteen, one hundred and fifty-three and one hundred and eighty-six of the ses sion laws of 1887 should be repealed. That in addition to the notice now re quired by Jaw before a tax deed can is sue, personal notice|must be served upon the owner of the land, if a resident of the county if not, a notice shall be mailed to the owners' last known post office ad dress and also be served upon the per son or persons, if any, occupying or cul tivating said lands at least sixty days beforedeed shall issue. That to make the taking o.f usury or contracting to receive it, a criminal of fense, punishable in all cases of convic tion by imprisonment and also by fine not less than the cost of prosecution. To make all contracts for attorney's fees contained in aay note, mortgage or other evidence of debt absolutely vt)id and providing in lieu thereof, that in ac tions prosecuted to judgment in district court, the judge may allow to the pre vailing party such attorneys' fees as he may deem just. To repeal the law which now authoriz es the foreclosure of real estate mort gages by advertisement and sale and provide that mich foreclosures shall be by action in the district court. That redemption from mortgage sale of real estate may be made within one year from data of judgment, instead of date of sale, as now provided, aud that no steps toward a sale or to make any costs after judgment, shall be made until the year for redemption has expired then if not redeemed, the sale to take place and be final. That any privision in a mortgage whereby the debtor undertakes to give to any person an irrevocable power of at torney to sell and convey the property described in the mortgage, shall be deem ed against public policy and void. That any and all provisions in any note or mortgage, empowering the own er of such note or mortgage, or his agent or attorney, upon the non-payment of any interest or installment of principal due, or upon non-payment of any taxes due on the mortgaged property, or of in surance on the mortgaged property, to declare the whole debt due and payable at once and to proceed at once to collect the whole of the amount of such note or mortgage shall be deemed against pub lic policy and void, saving to the creditor the right to collect, and for that purpose to foreclose any mortgage for any inter est due and unpaid or installment of principal as it shall fall due, or for any monies he may have been compelled to advance to protect his mortgaged inter est by payment of taxes or insurance upon the mortgaged property. That any provision in any note or bond or mortgage for the payment of the debt widened by such note or bond or mort gage in gold or silver shall be void, and any such note, bond or mortgage shall, notwithstanding such provision, be pay able in any money of the United States of America, that shall, by the laws of said United States, be a legal tended at the date of the maturity of said note, or bond, or mortgage, or other evidence of debt at the time when tender of payment is made. To establish the fees that may be charged by any person or officer for fore closing a chattel mortgage and establish reasonable limits to same. To provide for a more thorough notice of sale in chattel mortgage cases, and for the filing of chattel mortgages in the office of the clerk of organized townships cities and villages instead of with the register of deeds chattel mortgages on property in unorganized townships to be recorded with the register of deeds as heretofore until such towns shall become organized. That a chattel mortgage given upon property not in existence or not owned and possessed by the dobtor at the time of giving the mortgage shall be void for any purpose whatsoever. To reduce interest on taxes after sale of land from 30 per cent per annum, as at present, to 12 per cent per annum. To change the time for assessment from the first day of April for one class of property and the first day of May on mother class, as now provided, to" the first day February. That every person shall be assessed and taxed upon the equitable interest he has in any property, real or personal, whether such interest be represented by deed, mortgage or otherwise and lor no more. That the amount of such indebt edness on any mortgage be deducted from the assessed value of tho mortgaged property and tho taxpayer assessed for the monied interest he actually has in such property, after deduction of the amount due on the mortgage and no more and that all mortgaged interests in property in this territory be taxed in the counties and towns where such mort gages are recorded, the same as other property is required to be assessed and taxed. That any combination, or organization, or association, or confederation, or trust agreement of any kind or in any manner or form by any persons or corporations, with the manifest intent, design, object or purpose, by any way or plan or device, to hinder or delay or discourage or pre vent competition in the terms of condi tions or rate of interest, 'for the use or forbearance of money or in the manufac ture, or sale, or transportation of any article or commodity of any name, kind, character or nature, made or sold or leas ed, or granted or conceded for the use or convenience or support, or relief or pro tection, or enjoyment or amusement of the people shall be unlawful, and that any person or persons convicted of being metabers of or party to any such combi nations, oiganization, association, con federation, trust or agreement, or of aid ing or assisting or encouraging, or abet ting, or permitting in any way or manner, any such combination, etc, etc, etc., shall be deemed guilty of a felony and on con viction thereof, shall be punished by im prisonment in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than five years and by fine not less than the cost of prosecu tion. To increase the power of railway com missioners, provide for the just and equal taxation of railways and railroad proper ty provide for the receipt and discharge of freight and passengers at railway cros sings or junctions, where, in the judg ment of the railway commissioners, the the convenience of the people demand it to provide for the transfer of loaded cars from one railway to another at all cros sings or junctions when the convenience of the public demand it and for the cost of such transfer and the rates JAMESTOWN WEEKLY ALERT. VOL XII JAMESTOWN, DAKOTA THURSDAY DECEMBER 20 1888 NO 18 fo be charged from point of transfer to desti nation to provide for purchase or con demnation of railway lands for ware house purposes, and for equal railway facilities to warehouses erected on such lands. That the fee for recording real estate mortgages and deeds bo fixed at 50 cents each, for recording satisfaction of mort gages or deeds 25 oents each filing chat tel mortgages 10 cents each releasing the same 10 cents each. We recommend the adoption of the Austrailian system holding and conduc ting elections. That we recomgiend to the consider ation of the legislature the establishment of courts of arbitration in civic cases. Tlio Last of the Farmers. Thursday afternoon the following res olutions were adopted: We reassert all the main planks in platforms heretofore adopted by the ter ritorial alliance. Believing that the entire financial sys tem of our nation is controlled in inter ests of capitalists, we therefore emphat ically condemn the organization of trusts and combinations for unnaturally rais ing prices of manufactured articles, re ducing the value of farm products, mon opolizing transportation and improperly controlling our God given fuel Bupply. Second, Again recognizing the direful effect of usury as practiced, we ask for the passage of a strict usury law. Resolved. That we ask the council and house of representatives to pass a bill making it unlawful and a penal offence to manufacture, import or s»ll intoxicat ing liquor in the territory of Dakota, be lieving that such a law would be of in calculable benefit to the interests and happiness of all the people of Dakota. Third, Believing the people of North and South Dakota will be soon called upon to take action in framing and adopting constitutions for their prospec tive states, we deem it of great impor tance that the people, especially the far mers of Dakota, be fully alive to the im portance of standing ready and united to see that the framing of those constitu tions bo ontrusted to tried and true men who will engraft into said constitutions tho right of the people to control all cor porations or institutions which may use or are using tho right of eminent do main. Whereas, We have noticed with alarm ing solicitude, that under our present system of voting, corruption and fraud is possible and very often practiced to the detriment of the people's rights, wo do most emphatically urge the engrafting into the constitutions imperative provis ions, adopting principles known as the Australian system of voting. Also we favor the control of ownership and working of mineral lands by the gov ernment. We respectfully recommend that this convention put itself on record as oppos ed to the government selling any more coal land aud in lieu thereof, to lease such in limited quantities to parties de siring to work the same on conditions prescri!ed*by the government for the equal privileges of all. We deem it for the best interests of the people of the northwest that North Dakota be admitted to the union as soon as practicable under a constitution to be framed by the people, and that the di viding line be the seventh standard par allel. Resolved, That we extend the right hand of fellowship to the Knights of La bor in the territory, and invite their co operation in relieying the farmer and la borer from the burdens and oppressions under which they now suffer. Kesolved, That all officers of territory, appointed by tho president, should re ceive no further compensation, direct, or indirect, than that, provided by tho na tional government. Resolved, That we believe the alliance work has been directed under the pres ent, management in an able and highly satisfactory manner, and that we heartily endorse this action. Tho following additional resolutions upon which tho committee was divided, were reported without recommendations and adopted: That a law should be enacted making notes and contracts, obtained through fraud, void, even though in the hands of innocent parties. That the executive committee be re quested to take steps to insure the dis semination of information concerning work of legislation. A resolution approved by the South Dakota members of the committee favor ing anew constitution for South Dakota was promptly tabled. I. S. Lampman introduced resolution requesting legislature to devise some means to assist destitute farmers who had no crop this year to secure seed wheat for next spring. Carried. For place of next annual meeting Aberdeen, Redfield, Watertown and Hu ron were placed in nomination. Aber deen was chosen. Rev. John Allison made report on farmers' institutes. On motion of D. C. Needham of Aber deen, a vote of thanks was extended to the managers of the Dakota department of the St. Paul Globe and Minneapolis Tribune and especially to Col. C. A. Lounsberry of the latter paper. F. B. Fancher, in an eloquent speech presented President Loucks with a handsome gold badge on behalf of the delegates. Treasurer Scott made his report. Total receipts during the year were $3504.72 balance on hand now $233.53. A resolution thanking the people of Jamestown, the Jamestown alliance, the officers of the territorial alliance and The Alert, was introduced by J. B. Wolgemuth and unanimously adopted. A resolution that railroads should be compelled to plow fire breaks on right of way waa adopted. The matter of establishing an alliance national bank was taken up and referred to the executive committee as was also the proposition of Moffett & Gray to run the Bismarck Settler as an ,alliance daily during the legislature. J. H. Fletcher of Brown county was entrusted with the McCum'oer railroad bill to champion through the legislature. Fifteen delegates to the meeting of the Minnesota state alliance at St. Paul were chosen and the following 32 delegateswere elected to represent Territorial alliance at national alliance which meets at Des Moines Jan. 10th and 11th: A Leavitt, W Chase, W Smith, Carlisle, WW Emmons, WH Eddy, Dow, Needham, Meyers, A Van Doren, Geo Grose, Sweet, Wolgemuth, Scoville, Spink, Walter Muir, Wright, W Burnette, Mathews, Kellev, E Ander son, W Goodrich, S W Unkenhaltz, Loucks, Fancher, A Wardell, A Soderberg, Geo Dyer, W Harden. N II Kingsman, Hugh Mclntyre, Scott. Election of Officers. At a regular meeting of Jamestown Chapter No. 13, R. A. M., last evening the following officers were elected of the ensuing year: Frank Ingalls—M. E. H. P. J. W. Cloes—E. K.! T. F. Branch—E. S. J. J. Eddy -Treasurer. A. C. McMillan—Secretary. ALL ARE FOR DIVISION. A Large Mass-Meeting of Stutsman County People so Declare by Resolution Letters and Telegrams of Sympathy and Encouragement From Nu merous Congressmen. Speeches by a Score or More of Representative Citizens— The Resolutions. Last Night's Mass Meeting. The recent caucus action of the demo cratic members of congress in resolving that Dakota should be admitted into the union either as one state or two, as her people may desire, would seem to make it incumbent on the people of the terri tory to throw some more light on the subject of whether they prefer admission as two states or as one. At the James town statehood convention an emphatic and unmistakable declaration favoring division on the seventh standard paral lel and the immediate admission of both sections was unanimously adopted. It is, however, desirable, lest this be consid ered insufficient evidence in the east, that county mass meetings be held all over the territory, and resolutions adopt ed emphasizing tho true sentiment and wishes of the people. Such was the ob ject of the meeting last evening in the Opera rink, at which 1500 of the people of Stutsman county were assembled. Jamestown has again taken the initiatory in this matter and it is hoped that other citios and counties will fall into line un til such a division and admission cry shall go up to Washington, that the present democratic congress shall be left no opportunity for artifice or subterfuge to make a plausible excuse for further postponement of action on this matter. A number of prominent citizens were seated on the platform last evening, among them: Ex-Mayor Graham. C. Wade. Judge Warnock, E. W. Camp. F. E.Jones,Judge Steinbach, J. A. Frye, Prof. Denny, D.E. Hughes, Judge Nickeus, Andrew Blew ett, J. W. Sheridan, I. C. Wade, L. R. Casey, A. A. Allen, E. P. Wells, 11. E. Wallace and others. The meeting was called to order by Hon. E. P. Wells, who briefly stated the objects of the meeting and read tele grams and letters from numerous con gressmen and senators who are in sym pathy with the movement for the speedy admission of two Dakofas. Congressman S. S. Cox wrote as follows: HOUSE OF RETKESENTATIVKS, U. S. WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 15,1888. My Dear Mr. Wells: Your telegrahic dispatch advising me that a mass meet ing is called at your place to express the desire of your people for "division," was received this morning. You desire from me some"words of encouragement.'' Ac tions speak more emphatically than words, aid the action of the democratic caucus of Tuesday and Wednesday last, is unmistakable. It points to the divis ion of Dakota on the seventh parallel, and to prompt action in that line. It was amazing to me, that the party with which I am generally accustomed to act, should not have taken such action, defi nitive and patriotic, during the last ses sion. Much allowance may be made be cause of its pre-occupation on econom ic questions, and some little lecause of the committee on territories could or would not understand the ineradicable sentiment in the territory, and the feder al reasons against too large a state. In season and out of season, I have en deavored to counteract the opposition to division and admission, by figures of rhetoric and arithmetic, by principles, statistics and precedents and I am hap py to say that now the democrats in con gress are of almost one mind for division and admission. As a matter of form, and to save the amour propre of certain mem bers. the question of division is to be submitted to the people. This was not my wish or idea, but since there can be no question as to the popular decision, and as it is under stood that there will be no delay on ac count of that vote and as a vote has to be taken as to other details, the fact is almost accomplished, that the Uakotas will have their wish and their separate being,—well-being in harmonious inde pendcncy under our aegis. It is not a matter of so much moment now at this stage, whether the provisions for Dakota's division and admission, be in an omnibus bill or not. I am fissured that republican gentlemen will eventu ally in the house and senate, concur in the substantial matter, viz: Division and admission. Along with Dakota, Montana, Washington and New Mexico are asso-' ciated. The senate may not like this ar rangement altogether: but it can and may amend and then a conference may conclude the matter satisfactorily. I would not advise you people to omit any exertion to represent here the senti ment of the territory. The time of this congress and of democratic ascendency is drawing to a close. The best men of our party, including Judge McDonald. Judge Holman, also Speaker Carlisle and I may now add Mr. Springer, will not impede the action which I have outlined: and every influence and every day are factors to consummate your relief from outside government and for autonomy under the benignant rule of your own intelligent population. With the best wishes for your speedy enfranchisement out of vour non-age 0' W^fH into the full maturity and majesty of statehood. I am truly yours, S. S. Cox. Later in the evening the following telegram was received from Mr. Cox and read: WASHINGTON, D. C. Dec. 18. E. P. Wells, Jamestown: Consider ation of territorial question, fixed bills subject to amendments. I shall offer several, one to give South Dakota two members and another to hasten popular vote on division and action on admission. General good will for division and ad mission here now. I trust that before the session is over there will be two superb states out of your splendid terri tory. S. S. Cox. Senator Sabin of Minnesota telegraph ed encouragement and Senators C. K. Davis, Wm. M. Stewart, Jaa. F. Wilson and A. S. Paddock signed the following message from the national capital: WASHINGTON, D. C. Dec. 18. E. P. Wells, Jamestown: Do not yield the principle of the division of Dakota into two states. Division is certain if insisted on by the people of Dakota. The following dispatch signed by Representatives O. S. Gilford, Chas. 8. Baker, G. G. Symes, J. C. Barrows, D. B. Henderson, J. H. Gear, Knute Nelson, L. E. Payson, Wm. Warner, Wm. McKinley Jr, Thos. B. Reed, Isaac Strnble, Thos. M. Bayne, G. W. E. Dorsey, E. P. Allen, B. W. Perkins, S. P. Darlington, E. H. Conger, S. R. Peters, C. H. Aiken, Binger Herman and Nathan Goff was also read: WASHINGTON, D. C. Dec. 18. Hon. E. P. Wells, Jamestown: We congratulate the people of North Dak ota upon the prospect of their speedy statehood after March 4th. They should take courage justice will be done them. After reading the above messages of encouragement Mr. Wells announced the committee on resolutions, as chosen by the committee on arrangements: Johnson Nickeus, Judge Rose, O. H. He wit, J. C. WarnocK, and C. C. Waters. Mr. R. E. Wallace was then introduced as chairman of the meeting. On taking the chair Mr. Wallace mad" a few well timed remarks. He said he had been on record as favor ing division on the seventh standard parallel since 1881 and expressed the hope that on the Fourth of next July North Dakota would be made the fortieth state in the union by proclamation of the president. The program for the evening called for short three minute speeches from nu merous citizens. The following is the list of speakers: E Jones, E W Camp, A Steinbach, Prof Denny, Casey, Johnson Nick eus, Andrew Blewett, Geo Lutz, A Frye, I Wade, O Hewit, A A Alle» and Clint Wade. Judge Nickeus of the committee ou resolutions reported the following which were unanimously adopted amid great enthusiasm: Resolved, That we,the people of Stuts man county, Dakota, in mass meeting: assembled, publish and declare as citi zens irrespective of party name, that it is the almost unanimous wish of the peo ple of this county that the territory be divided on the seventh standard parallel and that bouh parts be admitted into the union as separate states at the earliest practicable time. Resolved that we are gratified with the recent action of the democratic con gressional caucns led by Hon.S S. Cox in conceding the people of Dakota the right of their oft expressed desire for division, but deem it an unnecessary delay to t»k* a vote on the question which would only confirm what is already known, namely That both sections of the territory an overwhelmingly in favor «.f division and immediate admission. Resolved, That we extend to Hon. O S. Gifford, our delegate in congress, our sincere and hearty thanks for the consis tent and persistent efforts he has mad* in congress for division and statehood. Resolved, That it is the duty of tbe present session of congress to divide the territory of Dakota and admit the two Dakotas into the union of states but that upon failure to do so we earnestly petition the president-elect to call an ex tra session of the 51st congress for that purpose. Resolved, That we believe it expedient for the coming session of the territorial legislature io provide by enactment for a constitutional convention for North Da kota, whose labors may be completed in time to submit a constitution to the peo ple for ratification or rejection not later than March 1st, 188JI. On motion of E. P. Wells, the chair was instructed to appoint a county agita tion or statehood committee of three, of which the chairman of the meeting shall be one. The chair appointed as such: E. P. Wells, L. R. Casey and E. J. S :h\vellenbach. On motion of J. A. Frye, the commit tea on arrangements was instructed to answer, in an appropriate manner, the telegrams read. During the evening several patriotic airs were sung. O. H. Hewit leading the singing. 1 'I here will he a meeting at the Opera rink tonight at which every citizen inter ested in securing a good homo band and orchestra should be present. Arrange ments have about been completed to ee cure a good leader and at this meeting a proposition will be presented which it is thought can be advantageously accepted. Many have lamented the fact that the city has had no first class music in the past: now let those parties come out and help along the movement to till that want. -i $r 1 h»ndtc and bee*