Newspaper Page Text
i'i :S Sr 1.. fl§ llfe ^yV ,.vk: vKi-., .:. I THEY WILL JUNKET. Both House and Council Decide to Take a Bide on the Cars and Junket. They go to Grand Porks Friday Third House Again-Work in the Other Two. A Lengthy Debate in the House on the Question of Farmers Privileges. BISMARCK, Jan. 16—[Special]—The couacil is engrossed with the Winship Wuish contest and held a morning sion today at which the matter -was con sidered in committee of the whole. No disposition has yet been made of the matter. As usual the senators fired in number of bills. Crawford wants a sol diers'and Bailoi's' home located at Pierre Aliim seeks to interpose a legislative prohibition against the filing of instru ments of title until taxes have been paid, a--! Geo. Walsh introduced a bill asking permission for Amund Amundson to change liis name to Amund Amundson A'hich name should be again amend 1. Walsh also introduced a bill to pro vidt? for the insurance of crops against hail, through county commissioners. It lenticL.l with bill 200 of the session t--'1 years ago which failed to become a 1 YanOsdel of Yankton, wants to re I the present law allawing three "offi ci papers" in a county or more proper 1 lermitting the publication of official proceedings of the county ttiive board, etc., in papers in the same county. He fuv. .re a return to the old law which makes the official paper such in fact as veii ae in name, and introduced a bill to thyt effect. Petitions in regard to the seed wheat bill have been coming in to the members and the council decided to refer all such to a special committee. Petitions were received from the barbers of Grand Forks and Grafton asking for a Sun use bills Nos.20 and iy closing law. House 24. amending the political code, were passed^ as was also house bill No. 13, re lating to the qualifications of voters whi -h also passed the house early in to days session and is now ready for the go nor's signature. The council decided to accept the in vitnt ion to visit Grand Forks and the university their located._ In the house ili ry moved to reconsider the vote of yesterday accepting tne invitation, which prevailed by one majority. They wi'l probably accept again tomorrow ho-vi*ver. WORK IN THE HOUSE. :rnham introduced a resolution, wfoi A was adopted, providing for a joint C'i'n nttee of the house and council to pr re a system of government of both hois-s. Pii usury bills have become multitu de JS. Two of them were referred to a Sji il committee on usury bills. :.-j council passed joint resolution No 97. oviding for the appointment of jv committft to report upon the ac nee or rejection of the compiled la ../ ,fl887. It was transmitted to the and passed under suspension of tn ules. Speaker Keith appointed "a? t.i .(use committee, Messrs. Newman, CT:- le and Mallory. alliance legislative program map 11 ,nt at the Jamesto 'n meeting last nber, was the central figure in a Lit discussion today which came neai g. ig the house in a parliamentary t.i *. Morris introduced a resolution ring it to* be the sense of the house th such of their demands, all of whicl wer incorporated in the resolution, at ar ist, should be adopted and enacted ib. aws, and that the resolution^ be re 1 to a committee consisting oi Messrs. Lampman, Potter, Douglas. Ry an, ttamsdell, Patridge and Palmer,which .J jittee shall be empowered to act (i t-t ig the session and at any time report bii The resolution called out a rather sm rated discusf'^n and would probablj been laid on the table had not Tom Elliott's motion to make it the special or der for tomorrow at three o'clock pre- J. -:'7-v'- Among today's house bilj were No. ('. by etcher, a bill to compensate owners of certain cattle killed Oliver connt .. on order of the governor and torritoriH boa or health No. 70, by Ryan, to per mit cou^y commissioners to compromise delinquent taxes No. 71, by Burnham, limning the terms of office of treasurer. nd sherifft. No. 72 by McHugh to re a the aet to prevent the spread of con gi JUS and infectious diseases. .ronna's house bill No. 52, the time of fixing terms of court in the 6th judicial district, providing for its subdivision and attaching Pierce county to McHenry for idieial purposes was passed. Also the following: House bill No. 50, providing •, tu« members be furnished with six news papers, daily or weekly, during the ses sion, house bill No. 20, amending the pharmacy law in regard to the issuance of certificates to pharmacists, house bill No. 2 ), striking out certain portions of laws relating to arrest and bail, under which imprisonment for debt is possible. HoTise bill No. 35, which provides that th "onnty auditor shall not issue war rants until 20 days after they are ordered was reported favorably by the judiciary committee, read the third time and re committed to the judiciary committee. Messrs. Bennett and JjOgah were add «d to the the appropriation committee. The governor announced that be had signed house bill No. 28 in correcting Towner county assignment for judicial purposes. OTHER MATTERS. Ta® committee to investigate the el arges against the management of the Jamestown asylum is in session tonight MMEM At this writing no one has ap peared in person before the com mittee to charge mismanagement or anything else. Dr. Archibald, President Lyon and Secretary Jones are here and the former occupied a considerable portion of the evening in making a comprehensive statement of the whole case. The indications are that nothing will come of the charges. A meeting of the third house was beld tonight. It was called for the purpose of passing an appropriation bill to provide the members with funds to attend the concert which Rupert's orchestra of Far go gave tonight. The people who have "grievances" were there and ventilated them. The "sovereign citizen" was an antagonist, and Gov. Hannafin was in ecstacies. Not to be outdone by the leg lature the governor has himself under taken to solve the much vexed questions of marriage and divorce legislation. Ho introduced a bill tonight as a substitute for Burnham's bill, which passed house. Denny's bill provides that victims of mis fit marriages must apply for divorce within ten days after their arrival in the territory, and cannot secure his or lu freedom except upon agreement to mar ry again within one hour after the de cree is granted. Denny believes in giv ing both the lawyers and the ministers a chance to live. Since Friday night, when a mysterious secret caucus of nine members of the council was held, the air has been inter mittently charged with wild rumors of an indefinite "razzle dazzle" which the know ing ones quietly whispered is at any uime likely to occur. The purpose of this caucus was generally understood to oe to devise some means to give Presi dent Stimmell the grand bounce. The ways and means to such an end were not devised, however, and the fact that the president's abdication has not eventu ated gradually strengthened the belief in the report given out that nothing was ac complished. Tonight, however,the Stim mell men are watching with hawk's eyes the stairways of the Sheridan to see who comes down from the mysterious re gions above. It is said that an other caucus is being held now, and that arrangements have been perfect ed and at combine formed to call the council president down off from his perch tomorrow. It is impossible to night to ascertain the truth of the rumors positively, but it is safe to bank that there is a "hen on" and mischief is being uatched out. Last night a prominent gentleman said to the Alert man, that •something would drop in the upper jouse pretty soon, and offered to bet a oottle of Mumm's extra dry that Stimmel would not be president of the council jne week from that day. There is un questionably bad blood in the council. L'lie election of Stimmel wag the occa sion of some ill-feeling, and when his committees were announced, numerous injudicious selections gave a plausible pretext for the disgruntled senators to raise a roar. And they did it, and the ichoes are still reverberating around the Sheridan andoapitol. "Prime Minister" fatten—as the fanner from Miner is called—is said to be the cause of consid arable of the dissatisfaction. He is re ported to have secured the president's ear, and is credited with being the prac tical dictator of his policy, acts and ap pointment. BISHAKCK, Jan. 17—[Special]— The house members warmed up today over ihe resolution introduced by Morris yes terday, which declared it to be the sense the house that all of the legislation demanded by Farmers alliance that is just should be enacted into laws, and uhat the report of the legislative commit r.ee, adopted at the Jamestown annual meeting, should be referred to a special committee to act throughout the session* .vith the privilege of reporting bills at my time. After some cpnsideration yes terday the resolution was made the spec al order for 3 o'clock today, but Jones of 3harles Mix was impatient and couldn't vait. He took advantage of the first paning and moved to reconsider the vote of yesterday and take it out of the jommittee «f the whole, which prevailed. Slated thereat, he then moved the adop tion of the resolution. Roll call was de manded and the resolution failed to pass, r,he vote standing 24 to 23. This was the opening of a pretty parliamentary battle which livened up the house and interest ed the spectators as nothing has done since the opening of the session. White of Clay moved to reconsider, and Mallo ry of Dickey to lay White's motion on the table. His latter motion was lost— 22 ayes and 26 nays—and White's motion to reconsider carried by 25 to 23. Jones then moved again that the report be adopted, and the opposition began to "play horse" and filibuster. Herman of Sergeant moved that, as Mr. Lampman had refused to serve as a member of the committee named iij the resolution, it be amended by substituting Mr. Morris' name therefor. Mallory moved to amend by substituting Jones for Potter, for the same reason, and Sheets moved to substi tute Price for Palmer. All the amend ments were carried, and the question then recurred on the resolution as amended. Col. Price of Letcher, who voted for the resolution throughout, then took the floor and laid down the syllogism that all legislation should be for the people that the farmers are the people and the alli ance the organ of the farmers ergo, the alliance demands should be acceded to. Captain Van Etten put two large feet down on the resolution and declared that he believed the sup porters of the resolution were having fnn with the farmers that he saw gray haired alliance men opposed to the res olution while the black haired ones sup ported it.. To shut of debate, Adams moved the previous question. Lost by a vote of 20 ayes to 25 nays. On motion of Tom Elliott, the matter was then made the speoial order for 3:30. After the in vitation to visit Grand Forks, and.the university there had been accepted and a recess of 10 minutes taken, 3:30 arrived and the house went into committee of the whole. Judge Wellcome asked Mr. Mor ris to explain the object and phraseology of the resolution. Mr. Morris said the purpose of the bill was to give to a spec ial committee of seven farmers the right, when any granger bill is lost in the shuffle, .to take a copy from their file, re number it and place it back in the house. "Last session," he said, "it was impos sible to secure the legislation we de manded, notwithstanding the fact that we had a majority, Bills would be lost, strayed dr stolen, and there was no re course for us. One of the members of a committee on which I sat pocketed a very important bill and left the city with the bill in his pocket and stayed away a week or ten days. It is to prevent a repetition of said practices and to empower a com mitte to replace stolen or lost bills that this resolution is introduced." Mr. Newman said he was glad to have at last succeeded in unearthing the pur pose of the resolution. He was opposed to it. The resolution in his opinion was a species of class legislation such as the house voted down only a few days ago, and he was opposed to the resolution as uncalled for and unnecessary, for the reason that the farmers had 40 members of the houee and could secure such legis lation as they desired without recourse to underhand methods. Mr. Lampman of Valley City, who seems likely to be the leader of the alli ance men on the floor of the house, had voted against tlw resolution all the way through. He took the floor and explain ed his position as follows: I have been an earnest worker in the farmers cause. I believe that it is gen erally understood that my name was brought forward and placed in nomina tion, and that I was elected to represent the farmers in this body this winter. It was repeatedly stated to me during the campaign, that even if the farmers suc ceeded in getting the control of the legis lature they would be to radical to accomplish anything that they would ask for so much that they would not get what they really ought to. We area body composed of farmers. There are some 30 standing committees and not one of these thirty but what con sists of a majority of farmers. I am a member of six committees and have not yet found a single man who wants to op pose the demands of the farmers that are jnst and consistent. I was a member of a committee that helped draft a portion of the resolution read here today. Al ready two-thirds of the demands contain ed therein have been presented to the heuse and council in the shape of bills and referred to their appropriate commit tees and several measures have already been voted upon in the house. The seed wheat bill came before this body and re ceived an almost unanimous vote, and the bill extending the time when taxes must be paid has been favorably balloted, What more ought we to ask? If wesa^ more are we not radical? The farmers don't demand any such resolution as has been offered here. We ask for eqilal rights that and no more. We believe that we are strong enough to ge-f equal rights, and if we can't get that from this body of farmers, we don't deserve such. We are doing our cause an injustice when we vote for this resolution and treating all other causes justly when we yote against it. Elliott of Ransom, moved that the committee rise and report, recommend ing the passage of the resolution. Lost by a vote of 21 to 54. A motion to rise was then carried and the committee did so and reported without recommenda tion, leaving the matter in about the same shape as it was several hours before when they first took hold of it, but it afterwards developed that the house was not yet through with it. On motion of Aikens, the consideration of the gover nor's message was made the special order for tomorrow at 3 o'clock, and then Adams moved to take the Morris resolu tion from the committee of the whole, which jirevailed. He then moved its adoption, and roll call resulted Ayes—Aikens, Adams, Baldwin, Berg man, Bixler, Clark, Coohe, Douglass, El liottj Fletcher, Howell, Jones, McHugh, Morris, Patridge, Patton, Price, Royer, Ryan, Swanston, Trude, Upham, White, Wellman, Mr. Speaker. Nays—AllenJBennett, Burnham, Greene, Gronna, Hunter, Lampman, Logon, Lil libridge, Mallory, McNeil, Miller, New man, Palmer, Parkins, Potter, Powell, Ramsdell, Sheets, Smith, Turn boll, Van Etten, Wellcome. The vote stood 25 to 23 in favor of pas sage but before the result was announced NeVman rushed over to Bixler and pur suaded him to change his vdte, which made a tie and the resolution was lost. The result is a defeat for the radical Farmers' alliance men and augurs well for fair, just and conservative legislation. Lampman stated the position of the con servative farmers in his speech above given. HOUSE BILLS. The following were introduced: No. 74, by Aikens, fixes railroad liabili ties for setting fires, and another by the same gentleman relates to railroad liabil ity in cases of damage to person and property. Bixler wants the artesian well law repealed and introduces a bill rela tive to noxious weeds and Aikens intro dn«ed a bill leveled at and loaded for tbe insurance companies whose suits on pre mium notes fill our court calendars. It provides that the taking of notes in pay ment of premiums shall be considered full, absolute and complete payment of such premiums and that the non-pay ment of such note or notes shall in no wise impair the rights of the assured or relieve the insurer from any liability un der the policy. THE COUNCIL. "i The Walsh-Winship contest has been on a'l day. The evidence is all in and today. The senators found time to intro duce tbe following bills: By Walsh, asking $78,000 appropriation for the maintenance, eto., of the North Dakota university at Grand Forks. Also, $58,00 for the erection of a new dormitory at the same institution. By DoQard, to exempt $50 in tax valu ation for every acre of trees planted. CHABOES EXPLODED. The house committee on charitable in stitutions held another meeting tonight, and after again waiting for Dr. Drake and N'odstran the Mandan party who to gether with the former have occasioned the trouble, made up the following report to be presented tomorrow: Your committee on charitable institu tions having had under consideration the charges made against Dr. Archibald of the North Dakota hospital for tbe insane at Jamestown, in the evidence contained in the printed report of Public Examiner E. S. Tyler, beg leave to report that we have found no ovidence to support such charges, and that we believe from the testimony we have taken that the said Dr. Archibald is well calcucated to fill the position ho now occupies. The report is signed by H. J. Mallory chairman, J. W. Burnham, Ira S. Lamp H. H. Sheets, Wra. Ramsdell, O. R. Van Etten, John Tarnbull, Wtn. L. Logan and Thomas Elliott. It is complete vindication and was adopted by the un animous vote of the committee. Dr. Archibald went home last night. Superintendent McCnbe is here ar ranging for the special train which will convey the members of the legislature to Grand Forks. It will probably leave to morrow afternoon or evening. If the ar rangements as now contemplated are per fected, the train will leave Jamestown on the return Sunday afternoon and lay there several hours to give the salons an opportunity to visit the asylum The matter of the reorganization of the council is still in statue quo. When the Grand Forks contest is settled and Cam eron gets back something may arop. It is the talk on the inside that in the event of the success of the scheme, either Campbell of Brown,or Miller of Richland, probably the latter—will be the new presiding officer." BISMARCK, Jan. 18.—[Spec al]—The council devoted its entire time to day to the Grand Forks contest. The case was finally settled late in the even ing and Walsh is accorded the seat. The final vote on the matter was 15 for Walsh to 6 for Winship. Walsh's friends are jubilant over the result. Nothing outside of routine was done in the house. The usual number of bills were introduced and a number were passed. Among those* introduced were several of considerable importance and general territorial interest. Fletcher wants to provide for the loca' on of the "University of Aberdeen" at that place and to appropriate therefore $68,500. The Aberdeen people offer 20 acres of land in consideration of the legislature's so doing. Newman wants a normal school at Mil nor. He is not particular about an ap propriation now but wants 20 sections of school land when the territory becomes a state Bixler has a noxious weeds scheme which he introduced in the shape of a bill Aikens has three bills—amend ing the revenue laws, changing the game laws and to provide*a method of assess ing railroad companies. Mallory has been living in a prohibition county— Dickey —and wants to regulate druggists liquor licenses Royer probably wants .to get even with the telephone companies and com6s to the front with a measure to fix the maximum charge for telephone mes sages at 25 cents and for rent of instru ments at $5 per month McNeil has an amendment to the law relating to turt stenographers and Whitje wants a change in the laws governing civil township organization. the argument of counsel was commenced KThe legislature is looking critically at Gronna presented a petition from citi zens of McHenry county asking the legis lature to prohibit any change in the present boundries of McHenry, Pierce and Church counties. Chairman Mallory of the committee en charitable institutions, presented the re port in the matter of the Jamestown asy lum which appeared in yesterday's Alert, but the institution is doomed to still an other investigation. It would appear from the following resolution which was adopted today, that some of the fanner solons are hers to make trouble. W her ens the report of the public exam iner on the management of the territorial insane asylum at Jamestown, on an in vestigation ordered by the governor,shows reckless management and careless and extravagant expenditure of the monies appropriated for said institution. Therefore, be it resolved, by the bouse of representatives of the territory of Da kota, that the report of the public exam iner be referred to the committee on charitable institutions with instructions that they proceed at once to make a thorough investigation, of the affairs of said institution that they call to their aid the attorney general of the territory that thty have power to send for persons and papers that *they visit said institu tion if in their judgment the public wel fare will be promoted thereby and that they make full report to the house of their doings. Resolved, that the tendency to localize the educational, charitable and penal in stitutions of this territory should be dis couraged that the practice of some of the trustees, directors and other officers of such institutions of visiting thecapitol unsolicited by the governor or any com mittee of the legislature, and lobbying with the members of the legislature for extravagant appropriations for said insti tutions should be discouraged as incom patible with honest and faithful manage ment of said institutions by said officials. The introducer of the resolution says tbe purpose of a second investigation is to sift the charges of extravagance also made by Dr. Drake in his evidence con tained in the public examiner's report, 1 s»a'Ti$| .' T'Vw 1 I the public institutions this year. Coun cil joint resolution No. 22 providing for a joint committee to investigate the condi tion and affairs of the Yankton asylum, was passed today in the house under sus pension of the rules. The following bills passed the house: House bill No.l2,amendatory of the pres ent law relating to notaries public 3, amending last session laws 21, amend ing section 70 of chapter 29 of the politi cal code relating to highways, bridges, fences and road supervisors 30, amend ing sections G, 7 and 8 of chapter 49 of the laws of 1879 27, providing that the compensation of assessors shall not ex ceed $60 for each congressional town ship instead of for each civil township as the law now stands. Co»ncil bill No. 1, requesting that members be furnished a copy of the compiled laws passed the house. Tuesday at 3 p. in. was fixed as the hour for considering the governor's mes sage. Represenative Wellman, of the 22nd district, has introduced a bill which will cause a little commotion in Foster county. It makes Eddy the senior county in that judicial subdivision and provides for the holding of court at New Rockfoid instead of. Carnngton. ELLIOTT'S CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION BILL, The house committee on territorial af faire, of which Hon. D. M. Powell is chairman, met last night and had under consideration the Elliott bill for the North Dakota constitutional convention. The committee were confronted at the outset with the question of the legality of the appropriation of $20,000, which the bill calls for and adjourned to Monday night, when tho bill will be finally considered. In a conversation with Mr. Powell, The Alert representative was in formed that appropriations for such pur poses are in no way provided for and that the only authority for the same is prece dent. The only precedent for this case is that of several years ago in regard to South Dakota. Numerous territories have made appropriations for constitu tional conventions, but the case of the South Dakota constitutional convention is the only one on record where a terri torial legislature has assumed the terri tory to be divided, drawn an imaginary line through its center and provided for a convention for one-half and made an appropriation for the same. However, the public sentiment which is back of the statehood movement, will hardly brook the trifling which the serious consideration of such technicalities would cause, and it is very likely the committee will recommend the passage of the bill. Mr. Powell further stated that the committee would proba bly report the bill unchanged in the mat ter of location of the convention—the bill provides that it shall be held at Far go—but that they were seriously consid ering a recommendation that the time for the election of delegates be made later than March 5th. The Hughes bill, which locates the convention at Bismarck, will probably pass the council. It now seems likely that one of the prettiest fights of the session will result from the contest for the location of this convention. It will remain in session three or four weeks and is worth going after. Fargo, Bismarck and Grafton are the strongest candidates. BISMARCK, Jan. 20—Special—One of the bills which the legislature will prob ably pass—but which should not find a place on our statue books—will provide for astringent law against the taking of usury. A number of usury bills have already been introduced in both the house and council. In the former body they have been so numerous that a spec ial committee, with power to report by bill, has been created to consider them. All of these measures contain in a great er or less degree the provisions of Conk lin's usury bill. The present legislature is composed of a body of farmers. They have as great an interest in the material prosperity of the territory as any class and should con sider well the effects on their interests and the interests of other classes that are inseparably connect ed and must prosper or languish together with their own, before blindly making new laws just for the fun of so doing. Among far-seeing people there is a deep seated feeling against the passage of a usury law such us is contemplated by the gentlemen pushing the matter. The ter ritory as a whole is hard up. Her resi dents need money and must have it. Capital cannot as a rule, be dictated to, If its conditions are not met in our place it seeks another. In anew country cap ital demands more than in the east where conditions are settled. The ^farmers of this legislature, who acknowledge their dependence when they ask for the pas sage of a bill providing seed-wheat for "destitute farmers",should remember that it is the poor man and not the rich one who borrows that the withdrawal of cap ital from the territory which the passage of an usury act like Conklin's,will inevita bly cause,will bear down most heavily up on their "destitute" brethren who are in need but cannot borrow. All the usury bills now introduced are directed .against tbe taking of bonuses, and fix legal inter est at or below ten per cent. The effect of the law, if passed, will be to decrease chattle loans and make them extremely rare. It is such loans in which the farmer and poor man are interested, and if the present legislature by its en actments succeeds in impeding the secur ing of money on chattle security—alwavs difficult »ven at minons rates of interest —it will have suc^eijdeii in doing more haim thereby to tho people whom they are sent to represent that all their other proposed legislation can counteract. AD usury law of some kind is demand ed and should bo enacted, but ntdicjil legislation should be discountenanced. The Conklin usury bil} or any containing its features should be voted down and the farmers should do it PEUTINET ^POINTS. Some Timely Law-SM|era eIjrJr*4gestlonsC'oncerning and Farmers. EDITOU ALERT:—It is customary to give publicity in the widest form to the doings of men and women who speak in pubb'c and assemble for various purposes of political ends. Our population un doubtedly consists of a class who have muoh to say and little to do and of another class who have plenty to do and little to. say. It goes without Baying that those who do the work are those most worthy of recognition. But in the routine of fashion they apparantly are left out of sight. It has been considered that civilized people only need liberty, protection of life and property, and prosperity and con. tentruent will diffuse themselves. Also has it been said by authorities that the nation most advanced in civilization is the one which needs the least laws for regulation. Any excess in one direction will wear out and adjust itself. We mean to be a free people and if any spot in the world should be free from an accummulation of meddlesome laws, it is our Dakota. The manner in which our settlers, farmers and business men of all branches inculding railroad men must brave adversities, admits of nothing less than complete liberty. We are bound together for good and bad times and our public doings should be inspired with a generosity as broad as our prairies. Tho narrow gauge views, which are fast kill ing off the free American in the east and shape men into beings moved only by a greed for money, devoid of love for liber ty, are not for Dakota. This is not, New England nor any other country of tradi tional parentage. We are Americans and to be an American means to be free, just and generous, the personification of hu manity's ambition. In connection with this we would say that there are people aiming to make themselves conspicuous by counteracting the old American rule of "mind your own business." Assuming to be benefactors and guardians of morals they try to force upon others uncongenial methods of liv ing and prevail upon a species of relig ion unworthy of and inconsistent with our privileges. Blind and neartlesa to the quiet and noble efforts in the feffuggle for existence as it is found in thi-homes of those who labor they cannot admit of short comings on thoir part. Charging usury rates of interest on every Sunday of the year, they proclaim that man is made for Sabbath and not the Sabbath for man. Selfishness and desire for noto riety being the exclusive motives of all their doings their conceit is sufficient excuse to them to usurp authority in matters of education although their own private attempts in this line have estab lished their unfitness beyond a doubt. Not unlike these are certain farmers making themselves conspicuous. They feel the need of something that some one else should do. They came here for spec ulation rather than for the purpose of itiikin homes for themselves and chil dren, lacking capacity to conform to *-he simple principles upon which success is resting, they complain of the country and of the laws. They have tried before they came to us and failed they are try ing again and of course cannot succeed. While utterly disregarding their own ob ligations, many are their pretentions as to others. There was a time when men were im prisoned for not paying their debts. This was done because a credit given amounts to time, labor and vital forces given and the debtor was therefore deprived of his time and labor when he failed to fulfil his promises. This law has been abolish ed chiefly in the supposition that a senti ment of honor had been raised in men to such a degree as to make it superfluous. Let us for once speak of the men and women who quietly labor in county and city, who pay their debts and constitute today the* most important factor in our daily business. They appear simple, are contented and have no' pretentions. They feel the reciprocity of duty and each one in his way is cheerfully and perhaps unsuspectingly working for the prosperity of the country. Fortunately we have many of them among us—the farmer who pays his debts, who has con stantly something to buy and to sell, who progresses in spite of poor crops and silently illustrates the splendid opportu nities of this country he has no time to make himself conspicuous in public, he has no grievances but is the man upon whom the future depends. It is proper at this moment to do honor to him, to the wage-worker and to tie businessmen who bravely bear the responsibilities of the times and to all of them let prosperi ty be the well earned reward. vr StJOM CuiQTJE. A Downhearted. Legislator. Bismarck Tribune: Had Mr. Jones made the speech in the house that he af terwards made in the lobby, there is no doubt but the Farmers' alliance resolu tion offered by Mr. Morns would have carried in the house, and then that body would have been safe from any attacks of monopolies or corporations. He said he was discouraged. It seemed as though J"0 farmers were doomed, and it was use less for him to attempt to do anything but vote right. He felt that his talking 1 amounted to nothing. He believed that if he rose in his place in the house and moved to give thr«-e cheers for Christ they would respond with groans. Patents Utantcd to Dakota Inventors. List of patents granted the past week to Dakota inventors, as reported for this paper by F. W. Lane, solicitor U. S. and foreign patents, St. Paul, Minn. Dakota:—Minerva J. Eaton, Hot Springs, trunk Alfred G. Brown, Egan. draft equalizer Harry W. Cowan, Grots, automatic m-ain measure Addison J. I arnietej^redorick^p'o^ attachment. SM ..