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The Jamestown Alert
E S Th« DaNy Alert is delivered in the eity by car riers, at 75 cents a month. Daily, one year $8 00 Daily, mx month* 4 00 Daily, three moaths 2 00 Weekly, one year 8 00 Weeklv. sir months 1 00 DAILY (EXCEPT SUNDAY) & WEEKLY W. R. KELLOGG. THE absolute unanimity with which resident editors, reporters and corres ponents of Bismarck have been support ing the proposition for North Dako ta to abandon tin* ancient plan of having two brauches in the legislative body, and lot one do the work, leads an outsider to conclude that some otse mas ter mind is dictating this policy, with a specific object in view. If such is the case, if there really is a mind behind the scheme, it had betUr also try to furnish the scribblers with something resembling a reason favorable to the governmental experiment, for thus far the aimless words advanced in its support serve only to bring out the folly of the suggestion in a painfully glaring light. For in stance—"Two houses tend towards im peding legislation" are the catch words of all writers favoring the method. But when they suppiiment this self evident fact •with the statement, child like and bland: "It will also do away with the professional lobbyist," even the most casual reader cannot help observing the absurd contradiction. The only way in which the two statements can be recon ciled is upon the somewhat doubtful theory that the professional lobbyist's occupation will be gor.e for the reason that any cheap amateur can put a job through a single house, while it takes an adept to run the blockade of another bedy—after the weak, rotten points have been exposed. One correspondent, less cautious than the others in exposing his historic ignorance, pretending to trace the "custom" of dividing the legislative branch of governments into two bodies clear back to its origin, finds it in Eng land and then whipsaws history bv claim ing that the framers of the United States constitution "borrowed" the plan from that government. Of course, no intelli gent reader needs to be told that when our constitution was being constructed, so intense and rabid was the national prejudice against that country, that any policv, insitution or custom which was shown to be distinctively English, was ai once, without any further consideration, condemned us unworthy of adoption by the budding republic. But this wis^ provision was a well founded principle of statecraft even before the Roman eagles were, planted on what is now Brit ish soil. There is no science older than that of government—astronomy itself, which naturally early attracts the expanding minds of primitive races, is an infant in comparison—and the few fundamental doctrines of this science have long since passed out of the unstable realm of speculation and become truths, as ca pable of conclusive demonstration as are mathematical propositions themselves. One of these is, that in a representative government, the law making body, not only needs the balancing power of the judiciary to keep it within the bounds of the constitution, but also certain, checks upon its erring judgment. The executive veto is one, but in order to make this of sufficient potency, too much power would have to be placed in the hands of one officer, a single indi vidual. And so, to obviate this serious difficulty, profoundly learned statesmen devised the plan of dividing the legisla tive power into two bodies, that they might guide and regulate and advise each other, that they migth thus enact wiser and more conservative laws for the government of themselves as well as others. Especially is it necessary that such a skillfully devised "'impediment'" be thrown in the way of legislation in a new, immature community like ours, where ever}- variety of monomaniac is endeavoring to force the public to try the dangerous experiment of adopting his vagary. Yes, and in an age like ours, too, when so many lightly sip and so few drink deeply at the Pierian spring. It would perhaps be as well for the North Dakota con. con., if it insists npon die playing original tHought, to blaze out a new path throi.gh wine less dangerous portion of the constitutional wilderness, and in mattera no important as this, tread carefully the old,well beaten track, the wisdom of which ages of experience has demostrated. W. T. COAI), the recently elected chair man of the South Dakota republican central committee, has been interviewed by a St. Paul reporter. He comes out fiat-footed against prohibition, and pre dicts its defeat the new state. And now some of the papers of eastern Da kota are crying to the new chairman in wild alarm to keep his month shut, sug gesting that he add to his library Sena tor Quay's profound work on politics, "Don't Talk," and study it diligently. Mr. Coad is from the liberal, progressive Black Hills, and tbe wish of himself and constituents is evidently father to this belief. He thinks, and perhaps correctly, that tbe Hills will give a clear majority uf 3,000 against prohibition. There is destined to be some wild, bitter sectional warfare between the small bay-seed statesmen of eastern South Dakota and the big leaders of the mining region in the west. Mr. Coad doubtless "knows bis business," however, and proposes to stand in with the constituents at home. The example of the eight older stateB of the union which have within the past two years decided against prohibition, ought to be before the constitution makers of North and South Dakota, like a pillar of fire by night, and a cloud by day. THE science of'irrigation is manifestly to be developed in Dakota, with the source of water supply from the artesian well system. For years the best known characteristics of this land have been its fertility and aridity. It is a country of extremes to the farmer, of good or ill, dependent on a season's rainfall. Irrigation has been for ages a problem with races of men. The successful water channels and tremendous aque ducts of ancient countries have devel oped the ancient civilizations, about which the present century knows not all. Ruins of stupendous waterways at test their uses in the past. Irrigation now must come under the attention of western progress, and the difficulties which surround it must be cleared away by western effort. Han. S. S. Cox, whose information on topics of this character is amazing, re ferred to this artesian irrigation problem in his recent Fourth of July speech at Huron. He saw with his own eyes what the explorers Lewis and Clark had seen with theirs, what the Indian traditions were full of—a country whose crops were suffering from drouth. But Mr. Cox saw what no tradition tells, or explorer dreamed—the remedy for nature's back wardness surely indicated by the few slender water-spouts sent up with tre mendous force from the great monster below. This remedy is the subterranean ocean, with its currents and confined pressure lying under the very soil that needs each prisoned drop. Touching upon this wonderful reservoir, pent up beaeath the James River Valley and yet untapped for its destiny Mr. Cox say*: But yesterday your fruitful valley was whitened with the bones of the buffalo. Now it is an ideal farming area. It is a lesser Nile region, without its overflow. Artesian wells give water where the sun once made drouth perennial. The water power of your matchless valley is as yet immeasurable by ordinary mechanical standards. It is so prevalent that your people will utilize its specific gravity for the diversity of their industries. When its undiminished flow and steady pres sure from the bosom of the earth are properly harnessed by mechanism, it will give its lucid lymph to make grasses for tuck and lawns for beautiful homes. Its sunless currents,through the ingennity of man, will enhance the rich soil by quenching its thirst. Fabulous are the wasted energies of your water power, as we count it by the standard horse-power of mechanics: but still more marvelous are the real energies of the soil which it would fructify. The beautiful and fruitful valley of the James may not be as redolent of historic association and traditions as an other James river of the colonel days but deeper than historical or traditional incident are Dakota's pure springs under a magic more enchanting than that of Aladdin, which leap from your modern Artesium. We can follow in fancy the thousands of miles of railroad bearing your gar nered wealth of wheat, corn and flax to the seaboard and see it like one great golded sheaf before which all the other sheafs of our commonwealth of Israel make obeisance without jealousy. It is well for Dakota that a man of such influence as Congressman Cox re alizes the greatest need of our new states, and it is doubly reassuring to hear that he proposes to agitate a gov ernment plan whereby each township in the arid west may be irrigated, to a cer tain extent at least, from the water sup ply underneath. One of the gravest duties of the government is the develop ment of irrigation benefits for the people of the west. THE republicans of North Dakota don't want to go into the coming cam paign handicapped at the start with in sufficient representation in the state conventions. The old methods of doing business, which prevailed as a territory, are about to be thrown off. A new era politically is opening for us. The cus toms of a life time cling tenaciously! however, and hope, long deferred, made many a good republican tired at the last election. As a very natural consequence, the party majorities in most of the conn ties were nothing compared to what they would have been, had any glimmer of the good news, which has Mnce happened, dawned npon Dakota's long suffering, yet at heart, true republicans. For this reason they demand a fair field in the coming election and an unimpeded start. All the old political combinations, alli ances and small local associations will sink into deserved obscurity with every good republican who has a chance for the first time in long years to walk up to the polls and cast a solid republican vote for his party and its representatives, knowing that it will count one both at home and in the national councils, and express to bis own satisfaction the faith and patriotism that are in him. For this reason the republican North Dakota central committee did a wise and generous thing when it based tbe representation in the state convention to be held August 21st at Fargo on a basis of population, and not on the party vote of last fall, which represented in every locality many issues and ideas be sides republicanism, and which was not a true and just standard of republican strength in Noith Dakota. The wishes of a few ought,to defer to many in an arrangment life this, and the objections of Cass county and, possibly one or two other counties, should not give the rule, where so important and so general a good is to be derived in the new state at large. I THE cause of female suffrage is being anxiously watelied in the constitutional conventions ol Washington and the Da kotas. In Washington the friends of the measure are only fearful, that with the advent of statehood, their darling project will have a reldpse. In North Dakota the merits of the right of womeu to vote are being cham pioned at Bismarck by a little old gen tleman with silver hair, from Boston, who is representing, also, the Woman's Journal, organ and bellows for the suff ragists. As a knight, he is not the spir ited and dashing fellow we associate with a fighter for the ladies. No fierce, lance-shivering presence, no rush and shock of combat are in him. It is not believed either that any fair one, who de served the honor, would, upon proper consideration, throw down the glove for decrepitude to contest her cause against manly vigor and soldierly dash in the lists and certainly no such lady would feel a thrill in being crowned queen of love and beauty by a superannated, though kindly Sir Knight. The old man, it is feared, can do the ladies little good in our North Dakota. Some younger gallant, overflowing with strength and romantic enthusiasm, must respond to the bugler's call for a cham pion. Then will the girls have a chance for success. IN the organization of the Montana constituional convention the democrats appear to have had sway. There is something curious about it too, for all the dispatches endeavor to explain that the democrats shonld not be blamed for this that they could not help it because the republicans adhered so closely to their ticket and candidate, and as the democrats happened to have the majori ty of delegates, they were compelled to elect their man. This is all right. Let Montana be the only black sheep among the four, if she will, but let every republican in that ter ritory get out and rustle a contest with the enemy first. The republicans were correct in chalking off a line to stand by. In the organization of Washington's convention, real estate, capital matters and the spoils of victory seem to over shadow every other consideration. It h.ifi not been stated even, whether the chairman was a democrat or republi can, and party interest seems lost in the further inflation of their boom balloon. The two Dakotas seizing upon the principal political point, which is one of both national and local importance, or ganized on a straightout party line, and republican is its name. THE English wheat buyers, according to Mr. G. Ste Croix, who attempted to organize an elevator company in Ameri ca last fall, are getting a little anxious about our hard wheat crop. The short age is not pleasant to contemplate over there, where the excellent qualities of our wheat are becoming more and more widely known each year. Ste Croix writes to friends in this country that he will be in Duluth about July 15th, and during the marketing season, and will be prepared to place at the disposal of North Dakota wheat growers, a complete system of connections which will bring them into direct communication with the English wheat buyers, and asks for com munications from the farmers on this subject. If this can ba accomplished in spite of the hedging in with difficulties which the American elevator companies will be sure to attempt, the plan is worth the consideration of every grower of wheat in the new state. Our wheat is worth more than is paid for it, every farmer knows it, and a little business with this English agent might have a salutary effect on the home market. THE coining legislatures of North Da kota will be composed mostly of young men. They will have other project* in hand, than those of experimenting with women's suffrage, prohibition and other chimerical reforms, that the wisdom of the older states have repudiated. There is work ahead, not dalliance, for North Dakota legislatures. The distinctive field for the cultiva tion of vagaries in legislation lies to the south of us, in South Dakota. There the overflow of population from Iowa gives a bone for success to the authors of many of the wildest of measures and the next few years are likely to see some of them in full force and effect. THE first North Dakota republican state convention will meet August 21st at Fargo. It will be, in point of numbers, interest and importance, the most nota ble political gathering yet held in North Dakota and the future political wellfare of the new state will be there begun nnder an auspicious republican censor ship. No single individual accomplished as much for Dakota in its fight for division and admission as did Hon. S. S. Cox, of New York. He was our intelligent friend from start to finish. He will be in the city this evening, arriving on tbe nine o'clock train from the soutb, and will doubtless accept the invitation whioh will be extended him to make an im promptu talk to the public. Jamestown's citizens shoud turn out in full force and show the distinguished gentleman that they delight to honor that sentiment of justice so wisely displayed by himself, with total disregard for political preference. IF the republican central committee make any change in the date of the state convention, it has been suggested that the 2Sth of August instead of the 21st will be the time most desirable. This is North Dakota's convention, and she should run it to suit herself. An earlier date, it is claimed, would give a lot of South Dakota politicians a chance to meddle with business not her own. South Dakota holds her convention the 28th and Candidate Loux would naturally be compelled to stay at what he claims as his home, although he really lives, the boys say, in Minneapolis, and not in either of the Dakotas. OUTSIDERS must keep hands off North Dakota matters from now on. South Dakota politicians are decidedly outsiders on this side of the parallel. WITH Kilrain, the whole nation now breathes easier. COUXTV COMMISSIONERS. [OFFICIAL.] Proceedings of board of county com missioners in session at 10 o'clock a. m., July 1,1889. Full board present, Commissioner Ed dy in the chair. Minutes of last meeting read and ap proved. On motion the following road certifi cates were ordered cancelled and war rants issued for same: Certificate No 3, district No 1, JohnBrbdy ...S43 20 Certificate No 3, district No 1, Chas Brady 40 00 Certificate No 3, district No 1, A Sanford 122 00 Certificate No 8, district No 1, Jas Reid 12 80 Certificate No 9, district No 1, John Reid 12 80 Certificate No —, district No 2, Lupher Bros 46 50 Certificate No 6, district No 2, Adam Walters 35 13 Certificate No 8, district No 2, Wm Canock 11 33 Certificate No 9, district No 2, John Roach 20 20 Certificate No 5. district No 3. E Johnson 20 80 Certificate No 2, district No i}4, N Campbell 11 20 Certificate No 1, district No 4}£, Ove Johnson 11 20 Certificate No 5. district No Peter Gafney 4 80 Certificate No G, district No 4}£. Dowd 3 00 Certificate No 7, district No 4J-£, Ben Campbell 17 30 Certificate No 8, district No 4, G\V Kurtz 25 40 Certificate No 1, district No 0, Frank Genzel .: 28 80 Certificate No 1, district No 7, Henry Stuff 9 60 Certificate No 2, district No 7, Wm Scott 12 00 Certificate No 3, district No 7, W II Dennison 20 50 Certificate No 3, district No Sacknder ~. 10 30 Certificate No 4, district No 7}4. And Flutch ~. 4 90 Certificate No 5, district No Jos A Morrow 36 20 Certificate No 1, district No 8, Joseph Blunge 19 20 Certificate No 2, district No 8, John Mahoney 4 70 Certificated No 3, district No 8, Geo Pellissier 19 20 Certificate No 4, district No 8. John Mahoney 9 60 Certificate No 5, district No 8, N Johnson 19 20 Certificate No 6, district No 8, Peter Nelson 14 10 Certificate No 7, district No 8, John Forsburg 20 70 Certificate No 8, district No 8, Leisch 47 30 Certificate No 9, district No 8, Levi WTrigut 16 00 Certificate No 1, district No 8^, Harley Anderson 10 00 Certificate No 2, district No 8}£, Tom Downs 11 20 Certificate No 3, district No 8}^, Wm lielleran 6 40 Certificate No 4, district No 8J-£, IIPous.. 12 80 Certificate No 5, district No 8M, W A Phillips 16 00 Certificate No 6, district No 8 Jas Smith 3 20 Certificate No 7, district No 8}4 Chas Davie 3 20 Certificate No 8, district No 8%, Josiah Stanaway 3 20 Certificate No 5, district No 9J£, James Moon 4 80 Certificate No 9, district No 9%, Pickle 9 60 Certificate No 16, district No 9 J.,', Wm Grimes 6 40 Certificate No 18, RdistrictNo 9J£, N Hawley 12 80 Certificate No 3, district No 11, Jas Feldhansen 15 00 Certificate No 4, district No 11, Peter Niedecker 4 50 Certificate No 5, district No 11, Edgar O'Connor 32 00 Certificate No 6, district No 11, Warren Higley 32 00 Certificate No 1, district No 12, John Ha mm 34 40 Certificate No 2, district No 12, Rud Hamm 19 40 Certificate No 3, district No 12, Dick Pendray 22 40 Certificate No 4, district No 12, James Penaray 16 00 Certificate No 5, district No 12, Dunlap 15 20 Certificate No 7, district No 12, ChasFosler 12 00 Certificate No 8. district No 12, Henry Ackerman 12 00 Certificate No 9, district No 12, WHart!. 8 00 Certificate No 10, district No 12, Geo Woodbury 19 20 Certificate No 11, district No 12, Lorence.'. 8 00 Certificate No 12, district No 12, Chas Chapman 12 00 »rtificate No 13, district No 12, Wiese 4 50 Certificate No 14, district No 12, Mark Richards 8 00 Certificate No 15, district No 12, Geo Lippert 41 60 Certificate No 16, district No 12, Aug Ivoehn 8 CO Certificate No 17, district No 12, Ferd Koehn 32 00 Certificate No 3, district No 13, Martin Fogarty 3 00 Certificate No 3, district No 15, Theodore Naze 51 20 Certificate No 11, district No 15, Kennedy 3 30 Certificate No 11,11 district No 15, Stanley McPherson 3 75 Certificate No 1, district No 16, S Brown 6 40 Certificate Ne 2, district No 1G, FS Brown 3 20 Certificate No 3, district No 16, TS Brown 3 10 Certificate No 4, Ii district No 16, FM. Brown 20 00 Certificate No 5, district No 16, N Brown 6 40 Certificate No 18, district No 12, Geo Spangler 64 00 Certificate No 6, district No 12, Henry Ringnett 10 00 Certificate No 14, district No 15, A Carley 27 20 Certifiate No 10, district No 9}^, Wm Sprague 9 60 Board adjourned to meet at 2 p. in. Board met at 2 p. m. Present, a full board. Commissioner Eddy in the chair. The following bills were allowed on motion: Chas Flint, assessment .§1050 00 Mrs Mary Briner, nursing 6ick.. 6 75 Geo McGregor, janitor 45 00 Schmitz, jailor and board of prisoners 73 10 Schmitz, mileage 9 50 S McGinnis, salary, second quarter 500 00 S McGinnis clerk's salary, month of June 100 00 Eddy, services and mileage. 18 50 Geo Woodbury, eerviees and mileage 16 25 James A Buchanan, services and mileage 13 10 George McGregor, repairing chairs 1 25 W W Morgan, road work, dis trict No 11 12 80 John Updyke, repairing tools, district No 15 7 10 Peter Haas, boarding pauper... 19 80 A Ashley, registering clerk, salary second quarter 456 20 Pioneer Publishing Co, printing, S9, allowed 8 25 Jamestown Capital, blanks. 00 Nugent, Brown & Co, road su pervisor's certificates 15.00 Kirk, Allen & Hathorn, supplies to roads 10 29 [-IAT is meant by free alkali,' Doctor? I see^It mentioned in the advertisements of IVORY SOAP." Free Alkali,' Madam, is the alkali which is not ccfjnbined with the fats or oils of which the soap is made, due to the ignorance or carelessness of the soap maker. Sonps in which fr&e alkali' is present are decidedly injurious to both the clothing an\i the skin when habitually used. I have seen reports of analysis made of the Ivory Soap by men eminent in our profession, and all pronounce it to contain no 'free alkali,' to be made with great care and of ma terials of the best quality, carefully selected, so I unhesitatingly rec ommend it for every purpose about the house for which good soap is required." ,, E Hughes, repairing scraper. 3 95 Lambert Smith, repairing scra per 2 15 Eagan & Gleason. provisions to poor 10 10 W Ingraham, boarding pau per Sullivan 18 00 David Goodman, clothing 'or prisoners 9 75 Chas Hensel, provisions to Vanderheuvel 6 85 David Goodman, five months' rent for court chambers 50 00 Petition of A Carley for vacating a road was received, and on motion refer red to district attorney same to draw up a resolution in conformity with said pe tition. Judge of probate submitted insanity report ending Jnne 30,1889. On motion accepted and fees allowed. On motion tax on lots 9 and 10, block dO, Spirit wood, for tbe years 1887,1888 and 1889, was abated. A WORD OF WARNING. There are many white soaps, each represented to be "just as good as the whey ARE NOT, but like all counterfeits, lack the peculiar and remarkable qualities of the genuine. Ask for Ivory" Soap and insist upon getting it. Copyright 18SG, by Procter & Gamble. Alexander, justice of the peace, submitted quarterly report ending Jnly 1,1889 same was after examination by district attorney, on motion acoepted and fees allowed. On motion board resolved itself into a board of canalization. On motion board adjourned to meet at 10 o'clock a. m. July 3, 1889. 1 Ivory' In session uly 3,1889, at 10 o'clock a. in. Present, a full board, Commissioner Eddy in the chair. Board acting in the forenoon as board of equalization, examining assessor's books. The board, by advice and consent of assessor, made some changes. Board adjourned until 2 o'clock p. m. Board met at 2 o'clock p. m. Present, a full board, Commissioner Eddy in the chair. Board received petition of N Olsen in regard tor assessment of wheat in transit, which was on motion referred to the district attorney. Rest of the day was consumed in ex aming assessor's book. Board adjourned until July 5,1889, at 10 a. m.* In session July 5, 1889. at 10 o'clock a. in. Present, a full board, Commissioner Eddy in the chair. Board acting all day as board of equal ization, examining assessor's book. No change made. Board adjourned to meet at 10 o'closk a. in., uly 6,1889. Board met at 10 o'clock a. m., July 6, 1889. Present, a full board, Commissioner Eddy in the chair. On motion the following road certifi cates were ordered cancelled and war rants issued for same: Certificate No 4, district No 1. N Tucker $76 80 Certificate £o 7, district No 1, Geo Wright If, 80 Certificate No 2, li dislrict No 9}£, Wm Buckwalter 12 80 Certificate No 11, district No9}V, John Haney ~. 9 go Certificate No 12, district No 9 Geo Nash 9 60 Certificate No 7, district No 11, W Wright 3 75 Certificate No 8, district No 11, Jud Wright 300 Certificate No 6, district No 12K, WmJolliffe 25 15 Certificate No 2, district No 14, Geo Dewey 7 90 Certificate No 0, district No 16, Sam Carson 16 00 Certificate No 6, district No 16, David Carson 6 40 Certificate No 7, dislrict No 16, Wm Carson 9 40 District attorney reported back on tax claim of Mrs W Allen, recommending same be paid with interest, at 12 per cent. On motion claim was allowed. Board adjourned until 2 o'clock p. m. Board met at 2 p. m. Present, a full board, Commissioner Eddy in the chair. The following bills were on motion allowed: The Alert, printing and stationery, 828.75, allowed at .".$21 25 Jamestown Capital, printing 8 95 S Wadsworth, services and mile age ....331 60 Jamestown Electric Light compa ny. light in court house 25 10 Jamestown Electic Light company light in court chambers 22 50 Steele, coffin for pauper, dig ging grave, and one mattress f*.r jail 14 00 Argus Printing company, sheriff's blanks 2 60 James Winslow, lumber for bridges 69 28 District attorney reported back oa pe tition of N Olson unfavorable. On mo tion report accepted and auditor instruct ed to notify N. J. Olson that assessment is to remain as made. Attest: WM. W. GRAVES, County Auditor. Lyman R. Casey was a passenger on the east bound three o'clock train.