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W&RP UE I T? & 1 RY***. The Jamestown Alert S I The Daily Atort is djtlvereil In the city by ca rter*, at 50 cents a mm»h. Oaily, one year j* Dally, fix mouth* JJ" Dally, three month# Wetikly, ouo year "J™ Weekly, six month* 1 0AILY(EXCEPT SUNDAY) & WEEKLY W. R. KELLOGG. THE Northern Pacific railroad com pany is preparing to pay taxes on its un sold lands, to the counties which the lands lie. The various boards of equal ization are now in session iu these coun ties and representatives of the road are appearing before them for the purpose of getting a fair assessment. In most cases the lands tot sold are not rated as the best quality. By law this assessment is to stand for two years. In Stutsman county alone there are over 243,000 acres of such lands, mostly suitable for pastur age. There is an immense amount of this land in the state, the bulk of it lying west of the Missouri. There is none in Traill, or Cass, little in Barnes, Foster, Griggs and Wells, but a good many sec tions in Ransom, LaMoure, Kidder, Logan and Burleigh counties, all east of the Missouri, and all for sale. The tax will aggregate a large sum, depending, of course, on the assessment. It is re ported that iu the majority of counties the boards have been liberal in the mat ter and no complaints are made of any disposition to insist upon a tictitious value for the lands. The tax is a distinct land tax and not in lieu of any gross earnings tax. That is entirely separate and also in the opin ion of the attorney general, not collecta ble. In that case the road bed, rolling stock and property on right of way can be listed and taxed as other property under the provisions of the state reve nue law. The cessation of litigation by the payment of this land tax is a very significant matter, showing the value the company places on its property. It also shows that a vast amount of good land is open for settlers and even at the railroad price with the terms obtainable is cheap land. The company has a just oomplaint in the failure of the govern ment to issue the patents for the lands earned by construction of the road and the full compliance with the law. EVEKY North Dakota wool grower ought to be a McKinley-bill republican. The rich eastern carpet weavers and man ufacturers have been at the bat long enough. In 1-883 §111,000,000 worth of wool and its manufactured product was imported into the United States. This ought to be produced at home. North Dakota's vast prairies now bearing a luxuriant growth of pasturage that is going to waste ought to be one of the leading sheep growing states of the Union, and will become so if the cheap wool of Australia and South America can be kept out of the country long enough to give the industry here a chance to get fairly started. The num ber of sheep and cattle in the South American states is now so great that our stock growers can never get their legit imate profits unless this government, as in duty bound, assists its citizens by protective laws. In 1885 there were 41,000,000 sheep in the United States 72.000,000 in Australia and 100.000,000 in the Argentine Repub lic. We have two-thirds of a sheep to every inhabitant in the Argentine Re public there are twenty-five sheep, and in Uruguay forty sheep to every man woman and child. We have 40,000,000 of horned cattle, a population of 60,000,000 the Argentine Republic and Uruguay have 38,000,000 of cattle to a population of 4,000,000. In Uruguay, with a popu lation of 500,000 souls, there are 8,000,000 of cattle, 20,000,000 of sheep, 2,000,000 of horses, or 60 head of stock for each man woman and chiid. §15,000,000 have been invested in wire fences in Uruguay alone and more than twice as much in the Argentine Republic. Without we take these bulls by the horns and keep the cheap wool out of the ports of this country the western farmer will never be able to supply, as is his natural right, our own home markets. THE elevator men of Minneapolis are evidently greatly exercised over the ex posure of their secret plans to refuse to comply with the license law of the state by becoming private, not public "ware housemen," as a law passed in their in terest terms them. They complaiu cf too much legislation in North Dakota. Their paid attorneys and agents in the last legislature are themselves responsi ble for much of it. A great deal of con fusion was caused by active interference with legislation that was begun in a *rea sonable spirit and in a recognition of the mutual dependence of the farmers and elevators of the state. Wheat is the only article of produce the farmers of North Dakota as yet have, and no one can refuse them the right to jealously guard their interests nor deny that great injustice and many abuses have arisen from the present system of hand ling it by a combination of elevators. The managers loudly disclaim the in tention of withdrawing their public warehouses. It is not seen how they can do so and still continue business, as a law, passed with the express object in view of preventing this subterfuge, de fines public warehouses to be those which buy, sell or store grain for a profit. Despite of every protestation there is no doubt but the determination has been made to ignore the law and take chances on it, as an attorney of one of the corpor ations expresses it. The publio will wait to see whether the licenses are taken out or not August first. The elevator men are certainly expecting a strong protest from every side for the proposed action, and it looks as if their expectations would be realized. THE system of espionage established by the Iowa prohibition law has resulted in seyeral shooting affrays and disgrace ful violations of the peace and order of communities. The attempts of paid dep uties to search private dwellings of sus pected persons has met with the resist ance it deserves and has largely added to the difficulties in maintaining a pub lic sentiment that will alone enforce the law. A recent tragedy, the result of the law creating ''searchers," was reported in the Pioneer Press about June 26th, giv ing names of parties and place of occur rence. It was commented on by The Alert as a sample instance of the folly of the law and the dangerous position in which it placed innocent parties who might be suspected of concealing liquors by some mercenary constable or officer authorized to search premises and paid for success. It is no wonder that even prohibition en thusiasts stand aghast at the results of such a law. The Benson County News professes to doubt the truth of the inci dent referred to. The matter appeared in the regular Associated Press report and no denial of the facts has ever been made, to The Alert's knowledge. The News' intimation that the article was paid for is in line with the same sus picious and fanatical spirit that succeed ed in enacting the law. THE product of North Dakota's Hour mills is gaining in reputation for excel lence every day. Its name and fame will soon be co-extensive with the Minneapolis brands, and there is every reason to be lieve that it will be, in time, the first choice in the list of patent flours. Com petition in flour manufacturing is so great, and the margin of profit so little, that every small mill is required to use the latest improved milling machinery. This is not only demanded by local pat ronage but is an absolute necessity to secure and retain foreign customers. North Dakota has the cheap coal for fuel, and the best hard wheat in the world for flour, both at the doors of every mill. North Dakota mills are al ready running day and night, and ship ping flour to Liverpool, New York, New Orleans, Portland—to all the markets of the world. The business is hardly in its infancy. Yet according to the last report there are twelve mills in the state of over 200 barrel Is a day capacity, the value of whose annual product is nearly 82,000,000, and 23 mills under 200 barrels capacity whose annual output amounts to over a million dollars. As yet the capital employed in this manufacturing industry is small, but the inducements for its profitable increase will grow stronger each year. THE nominee for governor of the Min nesota farmers says he does not expect election, but at the end of the campaign he will be satisfied with having repre sented a cause that will grow stronger each year until it ends in reasonable success. He states that it costs less to transport grain from New York to Liver pool than it does from one town to an other in the state of Minnesota. To do away with such a condition of affairs seems to be reason enough for the or ganization of any new party, to say nothing of the other reasons Nominee Owens puts forward, provided that the evil could not be as ably attacked by either of the old parties now organized. If Minnesota farmers are ring-ridden the case of the poorer. North Dakota far mers is ten times worse. If there is to be anew party formed from the alli ances of this state let it be an honest one, if nothing else, and let it be for the same objects as has called the Minnesota far mers into the field, not for the uses of political shysters and to combat such bugbears as lottery diawings. FAKMERS who love fair play at country primaries will resent anything like the attempt made in this county at a repub lican caucus to dictate who men '"•.4»"-' *'.fv,r Bhall vote for. Republican voters were told by caucus managers that unless they voted for Miller and Hansbroutfh last fall and would promise to vote that ticket again this fall they could not vote. And neither did they vote. Governor Miller is not a candidate nor did Hansbrough figure in the tigM, yet republican ballots for delegates not known to be favorable to those names were withheld from the ballot box, because the voters declined to be gagged. These tactics failed to se cure the coveted delegation, and when known will be, no doubt, generally de nounced as an unwarranted proceeding of the Miller-Winship faction. It is not known whether this desperate policy is being adopted throughout the state or not. CHICAGO board of trade men are jeal ously witching the wheat situation in the northwest. Indications are that Chicago buyeis will not always Jet Duluth and Minneapolis gobble up all the hard wheat of the Dakotas. The official paper of the Chicago board of Mil MBM *JL trade, the Daily Business, reprints the following dispatch from Jamestown, which appeared in all the morning pa pers of that city. "The farmers ot this state are to be pinched by the elevator men. No ele vator in the state will store grain this year, as has been the custom heretofore, and hence the 40,000,000 bushels of products will have to be rushed on the market. This action is taken because of the new law making elevators pay an an nual license of $?.50 for each 1,000 bushels' capacity. This means great suffering to the farmers, whose crops are generally mortgaged to the elevator syndicate for seed wheat." GOVERNOR is trying to work up a big scare uho iLe lottery and has written a wild political appeal to his friends to get out and send Miller men to the primaries. He relates a very fishy story about receiving a telegram from a lottery company way down in Mexico, offering $250,000 for a charter. Even in Mexico lottery companies do not do business that way. Lottery men are shrewd. They know that no legisla ture is in session here and also that the present governor has attempted to build up his own and the political fortunes of a small knot of confederates by ostenta tious opposition to any lottery. The governor's circular is a campaign docu ment that will deceive nobody. The familiar but fraudulent countenance of that old acquaintance, the campaign lie, is too plainly visible on the pages. THERE is one attorney in Minnesota who does not knuckle down to corpora tions—Hon. Bill Erwin. He is an orator who dares to tell the truth in a plain yet eloquent and stirring fashion. He fairly took the Minnesota farmers by storm in his late masterly speech, arraigning the abuses of capitalists and showing bow supinely the men of this day are submit ting to the aristocracy of monopoly. He made a deep incision into the sensibili ties of United States Senator Wicdom when he stated that §400,000 had been paid out as Judas money to elect the cor poration's man Friday to the senate. Yet this sum, exclaimed Erwin, could be proven to have been stolen from the far mers of Minnesota in a single week by the elevators. Bill Erwin is a man of the people and should be put forward to fight their battles. GOVERNOR JOHN MILLER has again gone down to St. Paul and is loudly de clining in advance the republican re-nom ination. He does this about once a week. The party in this state is getting tired of having Governor Miller thrust his re fusal of a nomination, before it is offered, into the faces of everybody. If the gov ernor must be heard through the Pioneer Press, his special medium, and that of the Minnesota monopolies as well, let him protest against the reported policy of the elevators in forcing mortgaged farmers to sell wheat at its lowest open ing prices, refusing them storage this fall, and keeping the whole thing quiet until it i3 too late to do anything. This may be the Miller-elector plan to get even from losses of those who will refuse to pay 81.00 a bushel for seed grain. THE Miller organs have been harping on one string all summer—the evils of gambling and lotteries. They profess to be friends of the farmer in this state, yet none of these papers—even the un biased country weeklies—and none of the leaders have dared to come out and de nounce the elevator rings that do a thousand times more damage to the farmer than all the lotteries in Louisiana or elsewhere ever can do. The truth is the seed wh^t syndicate and the so call ed Farmers' alliance champions and farmers' friends are working secretly in the corporations interest for political pdvancement and expect to get aid from them in return. The farmers of the state will repudiate these spurious friends the first chance they get. THE state press association, which met in Devils Lake, appears to have discussed with some earnestness the business of publishing newspapers and their complicated relations witn the public. Every live publisher realizes, with the increase of and the dependence general knowledge of the public on the press, the necessity for a higher stand ard and for the maintenance of rates and self respect. Judge Bennett of the Bot tineau Pioneer, was elected president of the association for the ensuing year. The next annual meeting will occur in Grand Forks. An editorial excursion is proposed to leave August 8th over the Great Northern road for Great Falls, Montana, the National Park, Helena and other points in the west. THE North Dakota dental association meets in Fargo this week and the pro gram outlines some special instruction in the higher branches of the profession. There is more in the practice of dentistry and in the art of preserving the teeth that directly affects the health and hap piness of individuals than in almost any other department of hygiene. The work of the "grist mill" must be properly done, or the animal man, not being a ruminant, will deteriorate into the in ferior order of dyspeptics. The proceed ings of the dentists in whatever relates to the preservation of the public health by the preservation, or re-construction of the public's teeth, ought to be given the widest publicity. THE law of South Dakota designates certain newspapers as capable of pub 'r TIUT. |,i¥ lishing the official statements ot insur ance companies. Auditor Taylor has re quired thirty companies who proposed to ignore the law to publish their state ments in legally designated papers. The law ot North Dakota plainly designates certain newspapers publishing daily and weekly editions as the oues in which in surance statements must be published, but both the commissioner of insurance and the attorney general combined do not seem to be able to enforce the law, notwithstanding a good deal has been given out in a publio way about the strenuous efforts mnde to do so. THE Lisbon Star tells its readers that the record of their three representatives in the legislature* last winter has given Ransom county a bad name both at home and abroad. That is not true for this part of the state, neither is it be lieved to be true abroad. Ransom coun ty still stands high as one of the thrifti est and most law abiding communities in the state, notwithstanding there has been some good natured amusement in con nection with Attorney General Good win's nose and his rare domestic tenden cy to "set up stoves." CONGRESSMAN HANSBROUGH states that the repeal of the timber culture aot will soon become a law, and within the next sixty days settlers who have tried and failed to raise trees can prove up on their timber claims, pay $1.25 an acre and get their patents. This will add nearly a million dollars to the assess ment roll of the state. It is hoped that this is not announced for campaign pur poses but that it is true. It will be the best recommendation the congressman has for re-nomination. THE Miller-Winship combination has certainly received a terrible set back in being thrown overboard at Grand Forks. Winship failed to carry his own ward. It remains to be seen how Richland county will endorse them. Perhaps a grave doubt on this point is the chief reason why Gov. Miller persists in declin ing a re-nomination. Minneapolis and St. Paul organs will please note the facts as far as revealed. THE delegate who starts from a pro* hibition county to the Grand Forks con vention is liable to have his enthusiasm dampened by the original package situ ation which will greet him in the Red river valley, and in all the larger towns of the state that be may happen to visit on bis journey. The kind of prohibition plank the convention will evolve is worthy of speculation. IT is tojbe expected that the Pioneer Press, the wind pipe of Governor Mer riam and the monopolies of the state of Minnesota, would abuse BillJ Erwin. Erwin's speech before the farmers con vention will make it necessary for the corporations to go down deeper in their pockets—and then too the result will be less certain than before. THE western stock growing counties of the state are increasing' in real and personal property valuation. Stark county, according to the Dickinson Herald will this year have a total assess ed valuation of $589,520 a a increase over last year in which little or no wealth was added by a crop. SOUTH Dakota will have a state fair whether North Dakota does or not. The premium list is large and liberal, grant ing all its conditions to North as well as South Dakota exhibitors. The fair will be held at Aberdeen, September 15th 19th. SOME men have fame thrust upon them in a night, but fe»v have it from a simple pulling of the nose, the manner in which it is alleged that Attorney General Goodwin has grown into great ness. THE Bismarck land office has been officered by two first-class republicans— Hon. Asa Fisher, a banker, and E. S. Neal, a farmer of Burleigh county. Both pioneers and residents of the state. WILL the farmers of North Dakota rest quiet and let Minneapolis legal talent employed by elevator men say whether the laws of this state are com pulsory or not? IT will not be surprising if North Da kota follows the example of Minnesota and South Dakota, and places a full Farmers' alliance state ticket in the field. Boiler and engine repairing done in a workmanlike manner, by J. T. Eager. irifiTi' 11 1, miiffflig't I'wfrjrfr' p-Hft twu tpwj '. 'v street. Y-UW NEWS BREVITIES. The Empress Frederick is sojourninf at Gibraltar. Fire at Rockland, Mass., did $100,000 damage. It started in a church. The queen has donated SO pounds to the fund for the construction of the Vic toria Nyanza steamer. Count Conrad Stoberg, heir to one of t!..t richest of German land owners, was incidentally killed while out shooting. Broadway, The celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary oil the Utica Maimorchoir has closed and the delegates have re turned home. At Plattsbr. r. X. Y., John M. Weber was nominate acclamation for con gress from ti.,- twenty-first district by the Republicans. The civil service commission says there is considerable luck of candidates from some of the Southern states to fill the appointments to be made. Extra exam inations will be held shortly at several Southern cities. J. S. Jacobson and Mrs. J. J. Huddart were drowned in Berkley lake, near Denver, by the overturning of their boat. Mr. Jacobson was the business partner of Mr. Huddart, who is now in Salt Lake City. Two children between 4 and 5 years old belonging to Timothy Sullivan and John Brull, of Colchester, Conn., set on lire the barn of Patrick McCarthy, on Gillett's hill in that place, while playing with fire, and perished in the flames. The acquisition by Belgium of the Congo state is reported to be simply pre paratory to the sale of that state to Ger many, its sale to Germany direct with out the consent of France being impos sible of performance by King Leopold. W. C. Mitchell, living about seven miles from Dodd City, Tex., was shot and killed by Deputy Sheriff Holland. The deputy had a warrant charging Mitchell with stealing horses. He ar rested Mitchell, who broke away from him and ran a distance of three miles, when he was overtaken and shot. The inquest on the victims of the Dartmouth, N. S., disaster was con cluded Wednesday night. No new facts were elicited as to the cause. The jury's verdict was "Accidental death," but had the gate at the end of the wharf been securely fastened the accident would not have occurrred. Baron Wiseman has expressed his de termination to resign his position as German imperial commissioner in Africa and will remain in the colonial servioe for the present. It is understood that Lieut. Baron Gievenreuth will continue as acting commissioner and Wissman will remain in Berlin to assist in the re organization of the German system in Africa on an entirely new basis. IN GOLDEN PARK. TheBemilusof Gen. Fremont Will Prob ably Eventually Best There. NEW YORK, July 18.—Lieut. John C. Fremont on Monday last received the following telegram: Los Angeles, Cal., July 14.—Lieut. John C. Fremont: Native Sons of the Golden West Would like to start a move ment to inter your father's remains after awhile in Golden Park, San Francisco, and erect a monument. Family favora ble, but will abide by your wishes. [Signed] CHARLES SYLENT. The lieutenant communicated with his mother and received from his sister the following dispatch: Los Angeles, Cal., July 15.—To Lieut. J.C.Fremont: We remain in Califor nia. All reasons by letter Mother thoroughly approves of California Na tiv© Son's request, made to you yester day, that father eventually be brought to Golden Park by them. [Signed] LILY FREMONT. Tennessee Democrats Balloting. NASHVILLE, Tenn., July is.—The state Democratic convention has taken six ballots without result. Patterson and Baxter have both gained a few votes, taken mostly from Taylor. Bu chanan, the fanners' candidate, still leads, but has never reached his first ballot. It is not likely that there will be any material changes, the probabili ties are that an outside m«n will be nominated. Caused by the Silver 1IIII. LONDON, July 22.—The price for bar silver is 50£ d. per ounce. This is un precedented and is due to changes made in the value of the metal throughout the world by the passage of the silver bill. The remonitization of silver is again be coming the chief topic of conversation in Europe. Swltclimen Return to Work. CHICAGO, July 22.—About 200 Bock Island switchmen who went out on a strike Saturday morning because Switch man Michael Fox was discharged, re turned to work in the afternoon on the order of Grand Organizer Sweeney, pending an investigation into the mat ter. llljj Cigarette Factory S»li1. ROCHESTER, N. Y., July 22.—Negotia tions have been very nearly concluded for the sale of the cigaretta manufactory portion of the tobacco works of S. F. Hess & Co., presumably to the syndi cate known as the American Syndicate comoanv. Children Cry For PITCHER'S CASTOR IA A Practically Perfect Preparation for Children's Complaints. !&&> .'* 1 N NEVER RAISED WHEAT, How a Stutsman County Man Has Got Along by Letting Wheat Alone ana Growing ^tovk. One of the thriftiest farmers of the county, who l)as set au example to his neighbors in the matter of getting along in North Dakota, is Mr. C. D. Ellis, whose farm lies about twelve miles south west of Jamestown. Although he has been here for five years he has never raised a crop of wheat, but has made a living and accumulated a nice property by stock alone. He has raised a small amount of oats for feed, but let wheat alone. He began with ten or twelve cows, and besides getting a hvins off their produce and the smaller products of a farm, for himself and family, he now has 50 head of cattle, several horses and 200 sheep ou his farm. Mr. Ellis is a modest man, not i^iven to parading what he bus been able to do, but frankly says he has no complaint to make on this country, as it has used bim well. He took up a homestead on first coming to the country nnd has built on it a sub stantial stone house, a stone basement barn and has got fairly started for mak ing an attractive farm home. He thinks this is the natural sheep country and the healthiest he knows of for that inuustry. They "rustle" for themselves better than cattle. The wool is heavy growth and the lambs strong and active. Such far mers as Mr. Ellis show what can be done on little or nothing to start with and prove that the country even in the worst of seasons will deal liberally and satisfac torily with any person who works intel ligently to profit by our natural advan tages and disabuses himself of the notion of getting rich in a few seasons by rais ing wheat for five or six months in the year and loafing the rest of the time. Wells County Whispers. (From tlie Sykeston Gazette,) Thore have been 50,000 lbs of wool ship ped out of Wells county this year. We hope it will be 200,000 lbs. next year. Berrying seems to be all the rage nqw. Must of the residents are out in the hills south of Cottonwood lake .picking June berries. Almost one thousand dollars has been subscribed for the building of anew Congregational church. A large portion of the work of soliciting has been done by Rey. Griffith. How different the life of a settler on a Dakota prairie farm, from that of a pio neer in a timber country. The latter has before him the task of a lifetime of felling trees, grubbing, clearing and stump pulling and then the prairie far mer has not the melancholy experience of the settler in the woods, that after years of hard work in clearing a farm, it will have to be transferred to his heirs, while to him the end of a life of unre mitting toil, is at hand. The North Da kota farmer can crop an entire 160-acre farm the second year, and do it all him self. In every part of Dakota will be found men who be&an with almost noth ing, except a will to work and a deter mination to win, who now have from a quarter to a full section of land, with buildings, machinery and stock, and con sider themselves worth from $5,000 to $20,000. Instances are not unusual where farmers sell as high as S3,000 worth of crops from a single quarter section in one year. Advertised Letters. List of uncalled for letters in the post office at Jamestown, North Dakota, for the week ending July 21,1390: LADIES. Denver, Miss Carrie Earten,Miss Matte 2 Sackett, Mrs. A Warnner, Miss Anna GENTLEMEN. Best, Wm Ball, A Cummings, James Drews, Benjamin Dackstadler, A Fowler, W Hencke, John Jilson, Grant E Michael, A Wm Miner, Geo W Wallace, Jas Worth, Frank 2 1 Danforth, Harries, O Heffron, John Konig, Jacob Martin, Fred Richards, Charles Wardell, Alonzo Warren, Vera within 14 days, will If not called for be sent to the dead letter office. In call ing for these letters, please say adver tised and give date. A. KLAUS, P. M. Will Meet Competition. To those contemplating sending off for goods this fall, such as guns, rifies, am munition, etc., would say that I shall be glad to meet any eastern prices freight added. Respectfully, O. ST. CLAIR CHENERY. For Sale. A Minneapolis twine binder in good running order, also other farm machinery, address C. Selvidge, Jamestown, N. D., or apply at farm, N E^j 22-140-63. The telegraph announces that Senator Pierce has introduced a bill granting to the G. A. R. for encampment purposes the 23 acre tract of ground at Spirit wood lake now used for their camp grounds. This is part of a school sec tion and congress can donate it if it so pleases. It is hardly likely that the bill will pass this sessiou.