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Jamestown weekly alert. [volume] (Jamestown, Stutsman County, D.T. [N.D.]) 1882-1925, March 12, 1891, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042405/1891-03-12/ed-1/seq-7/

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Comparison Uetwnen th« Condition of
Women Who Do What Uaed to Be Called
Women's Work and Those Who Do What
Cseri to no Culled Men'a Work.
The working woman's sphere used to
fee confined chiefly to household work.
And it is a notable fact that in those
days the newspapers contained no stories
about women dying of starvation and
^rerwork in tenement houses. If any­
body died from these causes it was a
Descriptions of the agonies of starving
workingwomeu and their families are
•ow a feature of the penny papers. Only
a few days ago a woman in Jersey City
who had worked in a big tobacco fac­
tory and was thrown out of employment
ky her advanced years and inability to
lundle the tobacco leaf as deftly as the
jounger generation locked herself up in
her room to wait till the pangs of hunger
(mapped the life cord. She almost suc­
Such an occurrence twenty years ago
would have been commented upon by
the newspapers and statesmen all over
the country, and the philosophers would
kave philosophized to the extent of a
took on the subject but so common
fcave such events become in these days
once "the extension of women's sphere"
ttiat they attract little or no attention.
Perhaps some newspaper may, for the
purpose of advertising itself, get up a
subscription fund to buy a few necessa
aies for the support, but the average cit­
izen reads the little story without emo­
tion. It disturbs hint no more than a
view of the dirty streets or a struggle to
get a seat in an elevated train.
And right here it may be asked, in
view of the present condition of work
ingmen, "Has any one ever heard of a
woman, sticking to the old limited
sphere of working women—domestic
•service—suffering tor lack of the neces­
saries of life?" The newspapers record no
such instances. One would be such a
novelty that the ambition of the museum
men to secure unheard of curiosities
would be aroused.
The fact is that the only women de­
pendent on their daily work for subsist­
ence who are comfortably situated, with
a few exceptions, are the domestic serv­
ants. All the thrifty ones have their
bank accounts, and they don't know
what it is to want for food or clothes.
Moreover, their labor is comparatively
'tight, and they have real homes.
So thoroughly is this fact recognized
that the societies devoted to improving
the conditions of working women and
helping them in their difficulties with
employers exclude servants from their
xange of work.
Mrs. M. J. Creagh, superintendent of
the Working Women's Protective union,
gives the reason, as follows:
"The working womea in stores, fac­
tories and offices need all the assistance
the union can give, for they are the suffer­
ers. Women who work as domestics
may sometimes have reasonable grounds
for complaint, but their condition is so
far above that of the other working
women that they can always get along
comfortably. They can get places when­
ever they want them, receive good wage?,
don't know what hunger is, and are well
acquainted with the looks of a bank
book. They don't need help.
"It is this poor saleswoman, the over­
worked factory girl and the sewing wom­
an that has to be helped to live.
"Considering the board matter, they
do not get one-half or one-third as muck
as the servants and have to work longer.
JBesides, they are often cheated out of
their scant earnings, if they are sick
lor a time they lose their little pay, and
perhaps their places are filled before they
zecover. The servant girl, on the other
feand, gets her wages right along, and
if she is in a good family she receives
such medical and other attention as the
store girl cannot receive. She is, in fact,
settled, while her sisters in the world of
business depend on their week'a salary
lor food and lodging the following week,
and a few days' sickness means to them
starvation and inadequate attendance or
a journey to a charity hospital.
"Therefore this society gives all its at­
tention to women outside of domestic
service. As women go further and fur­
ther into the business world we have
more to do than ever. Every day we
have brought to our notice cases where
xich employers try to beat women out of
sum* varying from twenty-live cents to
"The records here show, better than
anything 1 know of, the slavery into
which women have been brought of late
years. Employers know that women
have not the money to pay lawyers to
sue for them, so they take advantage of
their helplessness whenever they can. It
is remarkable, however, that they settle
up with great rapidity when the women
come here to complain. Our counsel
conducts worthy cases free of charge
and has got verdicts in the civil courts
for more than (50,000 since the union be­
gan its work."
When Mrs. Creagh was asked why the
wages of girls in factories, stores and of­
fices were so small, she answered in al­
most the same way as Miss Van Etten
Women, she said, took the places of
men in many occupations without or
Tnemseivca vu uuvam iuir com­
pensation. They took anything they
could get. They expected to get married
some time, and their work was a tempo­
rary expedient, at first, to obtain pin
money. Now many of them find that
they have really to support themselves,
and their meager wages won't do it.
Still they bear their hardships, waiting
ever for tho gay cavalier who is to come
along and relieve them. With some
work is a necessity, with others it is not.
But few of them seem to consider that
men have suffered in consequence of the
'**wer standard of waees.
A Gifted San Francisco Young Whmi
Artist Had an Interesting Htart.
People who noticed in The Examiner
window a splendid cast of the head of
Sitting Bull will he interested to hear
the pretty romance of the young artist
whose work it was.
It was modeled by Miss Alice Bide
out, a young lady of less than 18 years
of age, who has already shown such tal­
ent that she bids fair to take front rank
among the host of artists that the Pacific
slope can claim as its own.
Her first start in her chosen profession
can be directly traced to a large English
mastiff owned by her family, although
her artistic aspirations date back to her
early childhood. One day, while accom­
panied by the mastiff, she passed the
open door of a sculptor's studio. The
animal rushed in and, with apparent de­
liberation, knocked over the pedestal
upon which was placed for exhibition
the artist's latest work. An arm and
leg were shattered, and the piece lay a
seeming wreck on the floor. The at­
tendant was wild.
The girl endeavored to make excuses
for the dog, but nothing would answer.
Offers were made to pay for the damage,
but to no avail. The man, dreading that
upon the artist's return he would lose
his position, was inconsolable. The girl
begged to be allowed to repair the piece,
and after repeated entreaties the man
consented, with the remark that while
he did not believe it could be fixed, he
was very certain she could not injure it.
He mixed the clay for her, and watched
with interest the unpracticed fingers
doing the work that the accomplished
artist had so lately finished and taken so
much pride in. An hour passed with
most gratifying results the arm was re­
stored and was perfect the attendant
was happy.
Another hour the leg approached com­
pletion, when lo, the artist appeared on
the scene. He took in the situation at a
glance, and unnoticed by the occupants
of the room watched the work. Fin­
ished, explanations are in order and
given. The artist is charmed,declares
the work of restoration has added new
charms to tho piece, and having heard
from the girl the great ambition of her
life, went with her to her home and in­
sisted that her parents should allow her
an opportunity to learn the art for which
she evidently had so much inherent tal­
ent.—San Francisco Examiner.
How few people realize the results of
extensive drainage, such as a highly civ­
ilized country presents. No inconsider­
able changes are wrought by artificial
drainage. Much of surface water, in­
stead of being left to form marshes, sat­
urate tho soil or be taken up by evapora­
tion, is carried away underground
through drain pipes. Consequently the
air is not so moist as formerly, and the
soil, instead of being constantly chiiled
by evaporation, is rendered warm and
genial. This result has been particu­
larly noticed in England and' Scotland,
where very extensive areas have been
artificially drained.
Holland has been, one might say, re­
claimed from the sea. The water has
been dyked out, and many parts of the
country that were the bottom of the sea
are now dry land, and though below sea
level form the homes of happy and in­
dustrious communities. Years ago there
were along the lower banks of the Mis­
sissippi "drowned lads," subject to over
flow and uninhabitable, covering an area
larger than the state of .New York.
Many of these lands have been reclaimed
by means of levees. Thus, by man's in­
genuity, are the surface, climate and
general physical condition of the earth
being changed.—New York Ledger.
Host- IIhvc He U-H
Wlii! tiro grand ?r sort of dog has
been morally degraded by being turned
into a useless lackey, the breeds that
have happened to suit the capricious and
errant fancies of animal petters have un­
dergone a still deeper deterioration. The
sleek png, for instance, on whom is often
lavished such a wealth of feminine fond­
ness, has long since become perfectly
aware of his new function in the house.
He knows he is the first pet, and he is
perfectly happy iu the fact. His mind
seems untroubled by any recollection of
a higher estate. He has lost tho an ient
desire of the species to be man's loyal
servant. He may, perhaps, if you happen
to call at the house and find him in ex­
clusive possession of the drawing room,
make a pretense of resisting your in­
trusion. But his Sybaritic habits are too
much for him, and presently he sinks
in voluptuous slumber on the softest of
sofa cushions. These spoiled creatures
learn to take the fondlings bestowed on
them as a matter of course. They are
wholly undemonstrative, and perhaps
the most flattering thing that can be said
of them is that, unlike their rival, the
cat, they do not simulate a tenderness of
which their heart is wholly destitute.—
Cornhill Magazine.
Made Them Work.
While returuiug from Europe the cap­
tain told me a story of how he once
utilized Hindoo superstition to have his
ship worked. He was in command of
an Indiaman, and the majority of the
crew were Hindoos. As long as the
weather was warm they cheerfully did
their work, but when a cold storm came
up they positively seemed to shrivel, and
within a short time betook themselves to
the hold, from which they could not be
driven by threats or persuasions. The
captain was at his wits' end, but sudden­
ly a bright thought struck him. He re
membered the Hindoo horror of the pig,
contact with which means loss of caste.
There happened to be a well fed porker
on board, which he took from its pen,
tied a rope to its leg and lowered it into
the strikers' quarters. The cffect was
electrical. With a wild yell every man
rushed to the deck to avoid contact with
the unclean animal, and there was no
further difficulty in getting them to
work in the coldest weather.—Interview
in St. Louis Qlob»-Democrat.
5 I 1 MI 1 w,j TJ t'y ifA* j"', 5" t( H»,r -'"-:wv^7'" ""if "T Ty(»-' 'v f$\ -r "T" *V» ,• tr^
A Young Washington Woman Tells About
Her Success in Cultivating Itoaes and
Violets—They Require Little Labor
and Bring Large Returns.
"Flower culture in a small way can be
made to pay even by an amateur who
chooses to pursue it in a painstaking and
intelligent way," said a young woman.
"Five years ago I bought a little farm
near Anacostia, called it 'Rose Acres,'
and started in merely for amusement's
sake with a few rose bushes and some
other plants. I love flowers dearly, and
the labor I expended upon them was well
repaid by the pleasure of it, but after a
while I found that it would produce
money also. So I planted more and
more, until at present 1 have between
three and four thousand rose bushes of
the choicest varieties. A skilled gar­
dener told me the other day that my col­
lection of hybrid perpetuals is probably
the finest in this country. On the day
before Decoration Day I picked and sold
5,000 roses from my own place.
"I am extravagantly fond of roses,
but violets are more profitable. On the
day before Christmas I picked and sold
3,200 violets at two cents apiece that is
*64 worth. They were worth the high­
est price then, but they never bring less
than one cent apiece. To raise them is
quite easy. I have 320 glass sashes un­
der which the violets bloom all winter
long. In May I have a lot of fresh
ground plowed and prepared, and in it 1
plant all my violets, taken from beneath
the sashes for the purpose. Then I sim­
ply take up the sashes and cover the
newly planted violets with them and
the work is done. In October the3' be­
gin to bloom, and continue all through
the winter, so that 1 can pick them every
day and send the flowers to market.
All of my violet plants come from one
little pot that I bought at the Center
market five years ago. They are made
to multiply by dividing the roots, so
that a single plant taken up
in the spring
will supply a score or more. I sell my
flowers by sending them to the florists
in Washington or very often in New
York. Prices are higher in New York,
so that it usually pays to express
them on.
"There is always a market for flowers
and there is never any difficulty in dis­
posing of them. Any florist is glad to
buy them if they are good ones and in
prime condi ion. Those which I send
to New York are delivered early the
next morning. I expressed some thith­
er originally on speculation and I got
immediate replies praising their quality
and aslring for more. The violets must
be picked always in the afternoon, be­
cause otherwise they lose their perfume.
Then they must be brought into town
in the evening for shipment.
"My greatest success is with sweet
pease, which most people do not get
along very well with in this latitude. 1
get the very finest possible seed to begin
with. From June to August I pick
very nearly 4,000 sweet pea blossoms
daily, and they sell for fifty cents a hun­
dred, so that they are really the most
profitable of my flowers. They require
but little care. I plant the seeds in the
spring in open ground, about four inches
deep, and as the plants grow the earth is
kept hilled up around them. Then posts
are stuck in along the rows with strings
arranged so that the vines are trained
upon them. I had one-sixteenth of an
acre set out with sweet pease, and it
brought in a clear $300 from the sale of
the blooms.
"Another flower I am very successful
with is the single dahlia, which is very
much handsomer than the double
dahlia, you know. I plant the bulbs,
which I propagate myself, the last of
May, and the plants begin to flower
about the last of August, keeping on
until frost. I manage to keep them go­
ing for some time later than would
otherwise be possible by lighting fires
on cold nights at the ends of the rows.
In this way I get them over the first
frosty spell, after which there is usually
a season of quite warm weather, so that
frequently my dahlias are blooming
beautifully up to the end of November.
I try to make the flowers I grow alter­
nate. so that when one sort stons bloom-
anonier oegms. 31y violets are
flowering from the last of September to
the end of April: then come the roses
through thesummer, and the sweet pease,
with dahlias in the fall and violets again
until spring. You can perceive that my
way of growing flowers does not make
necessary any large investment in green­
houses or otherwise. Of course there are
some expenses. I have two men to
help me, though one of them I should
have to keep anyway for other purposes.
There is a great deal in the proper pack­
ing of flowers for market.
"For example, violets must be placed
in bunches in pasteboard boxes, with
waxed paper folded loosely around them.
They must not be touched with water,
because to do so will take away theit
sweetness. I consider my own flower
growing enterprise as only begun thus
far some day I hope to become a mill­
ionaire by selling violets and sweet pease.
At all events there is money iu the busi­
ness, properly pursued, and more women
ought to go into it."—Washington Star.
Can This Be So?
"Nothing wearies a railroad traveler
more than a straight track," says an old
railroad man. "Any road with fifty
miles of straight track would be shunued
for one with three or four curves in that
distance. I know legions of people who
put themselves out to go by roadB which
wind and curve and give a new bit oi
scenery every few minutes."—Detroit
Free Press.
kk%3 odM,
Waiter (hoping for a quarter)—Er—
sometimes geiumens gubs mo a tip, sah.
Broker--Buy C., C. and I. C. See?
Waiter(dolefullv)—Isee.—Good News.
A 'Lonisshnrcmuii'M Sense of Modesty,
"You would hardly believe what silly
ideas some rough, uneducated men have
about propriety," said tho nurse, as she
smoothed out the pillow and rearranged
the bed covers with a gentleness and a
dexterity that recalled to the patient the
ministering hand of a mother to her sick
boy. "I recollect nursing a big 'long­
shoreman when I was in the hospital,
who had an idea of chivalry which, mis­
taken and nonsensical though it was,
yet was refreshing in ono of his class.
He bad been in some fight in a shop near
the river, and had received a number of
bad wounds. His antagonist had cut
right for his heart, and had made three
or four gaping slashes in his chest.
"The injured man was one of the best
built men I ever saw, and if his chest
had not been padded with thick mus­
cles, he would have been murdered out­
right. As it was, he was in a critical
condition, and only the best care and
treatment could save his life. The sur­
geons dressed his wounds the first few
days, and then turned the task over to
me. I went up to the patient, whose
name was Jackson, the next day, and
began to lay back the covers of the bed.
'What are you doing?" he asked.
'I am going to dress your wounds,'
I answered.
'You, a lady!' he said in astonish­
"'Of course come, no nonsense,' I
went on, for he had grasped the cover in
bis weak hands and was trying to pre­
vent my laying it back. I tried to argue
with him, but he blushed and said dog­
gedly that he wouldn't let a lady dress
his wounds. I told him he would die if
he didn't let me take care of him, but he
said he didn't care if he did, so I had to
send for the surgeon. After several days
the patient was persuaded to let me
dress the wounds, but he turned crimson
when he bared his chest for me, al­
though he had to expose little more than
a society woman does when she wears a
ball gown. Well, tho 'longshoreman got
well, and since then I have been con­
vinced that the coarsest men are not
without instincts of gentility."—New
York Tribune.
ltad Tempers.
There are some vices which possess
what may be called a respectable ex­
terior they succeed occasionally in bor­
rowing-the garments of some neighbor­
ing \irtue and passing themselves off a®
relations of his. Even when their char­
acter as faults cannot be denied, people
are found to palliate them and minimize
their evil tendency. Among such sins
are envy, jealousy, pride and bad tem­
per. To say that such a one has rather
a hasty temper, or that he is difficult to
get on with, or that he is too fond of
having his own way, is hardly, in the
opinion of many people, to say anything
really to his discredit yet, when we
analyze that disposition of mind which
is commonly called "bad temper" wf
shall find that it is neither more nor less
than the malignant desire of making
othe** people sulfer pain. Even in the
case of a "hot" or hasty temper, this is
true. No on,o would use angry words to
another if he did not mean that they
should wound, and intend to relieve his
angry feelings by the suffering they may
cause.—Chambers' Journal.
The First Idea of Perp tual Motion.
Honecourt, a Flemish chitect of the
thirteenth century, left a drawing of a
wheel that was to solve the problem of
perpetual motion with this memoran­
dum: "Many a time have skillful work­
men tried to contrive a wheel that shall
turn of itself. Here is a way to make
such a one, by an uneven number of
mallets or by quicksilver." But unfort­
unately he did not leave the wheel.
From his time on seekers after perpet­
ual motion have been numerous, many
of them supposed to be very respectable
and intelligent men. Among the receiv­
ers of eig:hty-six English and twenty
three French patents taken out for per­
petual motions between 1860 and 1869
were a colonial bishop, a professor of
philosophy, one of languages, two bar­
ons, a Knight Templar, a doctor of med­
icine, two civil engineers, several me­
chanical engineers, etc.—Chicago Her­
Cured of Practical Joking.
Practical joking has had many follow­
ers among "great men but the manner
in which Beethoven was cured of it
should be a lesson to all who still practice
the "art." The wife of a pianist in
Vienna was a great admirer of the com­
poser's works, and had set her heart on
getting a lock of his hair. She induced
her husband to get a mutual friend to
ask for it but the friend, being a prac­
tical joker, instead of carrying out her
wishes, persuaded Beethoven, who also
was fond of a practical joke, to send her
a lock cut from a billy goat's beard, the
hair of which in texture and color
slightly resembled that of the composer's.
The lady was very proud of her sup­
posed treasure, until another friend,
who knew the facts, informed her of the
trick, when she was so distressed that
her husband wrote an indignant letter
to Beethoven. The composer's dis­
courtesy to a lady being thus brought
home to him, he was so ashamed that he
immediately wrote a letter of apology,
inclosing a genuine lock of hair and he
resolved never to be a party to such
jokes again.—New York Ledger.
California's Gold Treasure.
Never in any other country has a change
iu the political dominion been followed
so promptly by so marvelous an increase
of wealth and population, of productive
industry and general intelligence. Never
did a province repay new masters more
liberally for their trouble in its acquisi­
tion, nor did any other conquered terri­
tory ever receive greater benefit from
conquest. The most notable instances
in history of triumphant invasions re­
warded with great sums of precious
metal were those of Babylonia by Cyrus,
of Persia by Alexander, of Mexico by
Cortez, and of Peru by Pizarro—all pop­
ulous empires, with wealth accumulated
through centuries of prosperity. Yet
not one of them yielded to its conquerors,
within a generation, so much treasure as
did desolate California to the Americans.
... -, .y••
We are now receiving daily Our Spring
Purchases in all lines and shall soon have on
Exhibition and Sale the Grandest Stock of
General Merchandise ever shown under one Roof
in the State. We have added several new lines
and are making important improvements in the
arrangement of our Store.
|BLY BKOTHERS. 68 Warren SUHew'ork. frice60ctg.l
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