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-vr» •r ?&•.. l.ts H/ i.W^ .• %5«» jjfV, I?,. Thejamestown Alert TBBUs'i Che Dilly Alort i« delivered in the city by c% rlera, at BO com* a month. frilly, one year If? 99 Daily,fix mouth* Daiiv. three months Weekly, oue year Weekly, his month* 3 00 1 50 2 00 1 00 DAILY (EXCEPT SUNDAY) & WEEKLY W. R. KELLOGG. The Devils Lake Inter Ocean says that the number of pupils at the deaf and diUhb school has now increased to 23, and that thirteen others have applied (or instruction, who will have to wait until the state building is completed before they can be accommodated. This makes all told, 36 pupils, for which 926,500 were ordered expended by the last legislature. The report of the superintendent in October, 1890, showed 15 deaf pupils re* quiring the care of the state for support and education, and on that basis the leg* islature appropriated the sum of 816,500 for their maintenance and education for two yeats. Also #10,000 for a building for such pupils and instructors. The Alert did not state there were 15 pupils now in attendance at the school, neither does it desire, as the Inter Ocean de* clares, to do any injustice to the institu tion, or to the 23 unfortunate deaf child ren, or the 13 other applicants referred to. The Alert was simply criticising the extravagance of the last legislature in establishing new schools and institutions which, considering the financial circum stances of the taxpayers—especially such as those in the Devils Lake region itself —the state could for two years at least have done without.. Among all the new and unnecessary institutions which were put into opera tion by the legislature, the deaf and dumb school is by far the most deserving but even that charity, as admirable as it is, might have been less expensively pro vided for, while every requirement of hu manity that could consistently have been asked of the people of the state, woufd have toen fulfilled. Many farmers who will have to foot the last legislature's bills, have been un able to get seed this spring, Their own families have gone without many com forts, and economy in domestic house holds all over these prairies has been the watchword. A number of counties, where the debt limit permitted, have furnished seed wheat in order that men might get in a crop on which to subsist. All these things cry out against such an untimely and reckless taxation as was piled up in the jobs of the last legislature. Charity begins at home always,and in this case the home is on the prairie,in the sod house,and where the man lives who pays the taxes. A GBEAT many women and no incon siderably number of men, residents of the city of St. Paul, have petitioned the theatrical managers to dispense with Sun day performances at playhouses. This on the ground of morality, the sacred traditions of the day and consideration for actors. Managers claim that their theaters are kept open Sunday evenings, not for the wealthy or for the church at tending pations, but from a popular de mand of the working people, who want to enjoy Sunday, or their only holiday in the week, after the fashion that best pleases themselves. The working men and women who attend theaters are cer tainly intelligent enough and entirely capable of selecting the kind of amuse ment, rest or occupation in which they wish to pass their few holidays—but 52 in a year, in most cases. It is not necessary to create an amusement director for such people. The notion that Sunday is a sacred day to everybody is rapidly dying away. As a holiday it is as much for one class as another. In New York, the press has led a crusade for the opening of art rooms, museums.concerts and for theatri cal performances, and as a consequence such entertainments are given each Sun day for the amusement and benefit of thousands who desire to include that kind of recreation in their holiday. Art, music, the theater are elevating and educating. It is simply ridiculous that people who enjoy these diversions, and who feel their beneficent influences, should be obliged to consult the opinions or prejudices o* others as to when and where these moral agencies shall be pro duced. Sunday is not a sacred day to a majority of the people of any country and no law can make it so. It should be a day of perfect equality, in which every one should share, and share alike. Sunday, or the people's holiday, ought to be a day of freedom. It will become eo—a day when every individual will condense as much happiness into the precious 24 hours as he knows bow to do and as everybody cannot be happy alike, there will be as many different methods of spending the Sunday as there are in dividuals to spend it. A DISPATCH from Bismarck, where the state offices are located by the constitu tion, states that the trouble between Governor Burke and Commissioner of Agriculture Helgesen is of deep political significance. At a first glaace it might appear that the depth of this political significance attached only to the future personal relations of the gentlemen themselves, in connection with a contin uance in office. But it is more than that, for the people of the state are directly interested in the upright and faithful ad ir" L.\U It ministration of the laws, regardless of personal consequences to the officials. Kecords that have been made thus far are known, and the same general interest will no doubt keep the future alive. Publio discussions of the acta of every state officer can not be too frequent or thorough, for it is directly a publio con oern. The commissioner of agriculture is completing a second term. His office has been generally recognized As faithfully and honestly administered in its details, and in the work of distributing relief supplies, which was assigned to him by the legislature. Whether the office is a lucrative one for the people of the state or not, is a matter of doubt. The results in securing addi tional immigration would not indicate that it was. However, there may be reasons for that beyond the reach of any administration of the office. Mr. Helgesen is a Scandinavian by birth and the report is, will lead the al ready awakened and powerful opposition of that element in a campaign against the re-nomination of Governor Burke, who, his ftiends claim, is desirous of se curing a second term. Considering the large number of Scandinavian delegates who have in the past been voters in re publican state conventions,it would seem to be a very unfortunate thing for any candidate to incur their opposition and there is no reason to Itelieve that there will be fewer loyal republican Scandina vians in the next convention than in the past. PEOPLE have great confidence in the ozone of North Dakota. When crops fail, when the country is maligned, when the clouds of adversity hang lowest and blackest, the North Dakota man falls back on ozone, and there he is impreg nable. Few people know what ozone is. It is an impalpable, intangible, mysteri ous body, yet its presence is unmistak ably noted in t-very old timer—is seen in his eye, his step, his self confidence, good nature, robustious spirits, and enviable good health. Ozone is only oxvgen, the great life-preserver and life-sustainer. But it is oxygen condensed, purified, strengthened. Ozone is oxygen in which three atoms are compressed into each molecule instead of two. And wherever ozone is, that country is nearly three times better than where ozone is not. It is mysterious for a number of reasons. According to an eminent English chemist, ozone is peculiarly the life preserver of man yet a frog placed into pure ozone will die for want of oxygen. Whether there is just the right quanti ty of the mortal-blessing substance in the atmosphere of North Dakota, or whether the lungs of the citizens are naturally constructed to utilize this sub tile life-giver for their highest and best physical and mental development is undetermined but certain it is that our ozone is worth a million of stale dense atmospheres, and is the choicest and most bountiful variety of oxygen on the globe. SECRETARY TRACY'S article ou our new warships in the June number of the North American Review, is one that •very patriotic citizen should read. The wonderful growth of our navy during the last decade is therein remarked upon. Such progress is almost without prece dent. In 1881 we did not have a single modern warship. Our antiquated wooden cruisers, slow and patched, with their obsolete smooth bore guns, excited the derision of every other nation. In 1883 we were so utterly without expert naval architects that we had to import plans for our vessels. Today our own design ers have planned types of warships which are the most powerful and speedy of their class in the world. Secretary Tracy's article conclusively shows the superiority of these American types for American purposes. The United States does not want a large navy, but she should have a good one—one that will command the respect from other nations which our importance entities us to. The appropriations for war ships during the past few years have been enormous —but the recent diplo matic episodes with European powers have opened the eyes of the people to the importance of a navy and convinced them of the wisdom of the administra tion's plan for strengthening it. Another complication like that with Italy and the people would demand appropriations to bring our navy into the first class. SINGLE handed and practically alone Lawyer Erwin is conducting the investi gation of the great Minnesota wheat steal. His ability has never been more conspicuously displayed. It is safe to say no other man in the northwest possesses the courage and determination to face as desperate and powerful a cabal as the wheat ring that Erwin is now opposing in the interests of the common people— of the farmers of Minnesota. Under the guise of fairness the press of the Twin cities is really against the grain growers. Every obstacle that shrewdness, wealth and mendacity can create is being thrown in the way of the investigation. There have been enough facts already developed to alarm every grain grower in Minnesota. No farmer tber? can feel secure in his rights, if the past manage ment of public warehouses is to con tinue in the future. The next election in Minnesota will show the result of the Dulnth wheat investigation. On the completion of the work now in charge of the legislative committee and its distinguished attorney,it is due to the farmers of Minnesota und the Dakotas that a clear and concise statement of the facts developed, be published broadcast, that all may read and know. SENATOR PETTIOREW says that poker playing is unbecoming the diguity of a United senator, and that he has quit the game. He also says that he has spent much time and money in learning that game and that he doesn't know it yet. Senator Pettigrew acquired a territorial reputation as being very subtile with cards, and can no doubt play poker as well as ever. Something more than a run of worthless luck has lead the sena tor to announce his divorce from the charms of poker. It is doubtless the ac quisition of bigger schemes, better asso ciations, and more agreeable avenues for the exercise of an active and pellucid brain, such as Senator Frank Pettigrew has. No man who considers his mind worth cultivating, will sterilize it by spending long hours over a poker table baffling with the mysteries of the cards, and delusions or chance. The only value of a poker experience is of a physiognomic character and that is generally limited and unreliable. Most of us know how it is ourselves. THE state constitution requires certain officials tc keep their offices at the capitol and Governor Burke is right on the point of requiring such offices to be opened at Bismarck for the transaction of public business. There have been good grounds for complaints on this score, and it is most likely that such grounds still exist. It is not giving the people a fair deal when gentlemen elected to the positions of honor, profit and trust are absent from their offices the greater part of the time, and the business is entrusted to clerks, however competent. The fact that salaries are low and state officers claim they have to "rustle" for other means of making money, is no excuse. The conditions were all well known be fore the duties were assumed, but for some ulterior reason the positions were fought for in one of the sharpest political contests of the state. Whether all the emoluments and privileges have become so soon exhausted, and the game is now unworthy the candle, i3 not known. THE marriage laws are becoming so in tricate now-a-days that it is hard for a couple to tell when they are legally made one. A sensation was created in Cincin nati recently by the decision of the pro bate judge that a minister has aright to solemnize marriages, while a regular minister of a society or congregation, but that if he resigns or is deposed he lopes this privilege. In a search of the records that followed, the startling discovery was made that hundreds of illegal mar riages have been contracted in the city, and that some of the most aristocratic members of society aie, under the view of the probate judge, living in unlawful wedlock. In states like Ohio it would be well if the social reformers would de sist for a minute or two in their efforts to make divorce harder and devote a little attention to making marriage surer. ON*E by one the newspapers of the state are beginning to discuss the ele vator question and the abominable sys tem under which the farmers are com pelled to market their wheat. This is the real octopus that afflicts the state today and its destruction will only be sure and complete when the farmers and the press begin to pull together for that end. Every newspaper has in its own locality enough material to make out cases of the rankest injustice, to say nothing of criminal offenses, against the men who deliver grain to the public warehouse. The people of Illinois once rose in their wrath and put an end to the elevator extortions and swindlings in that state. The people of North Dakota will sooner or later be obliged to do the same thing. THE Edgeley Mail says that Edgeley in LaMoure county, at one time secured a legislative endorsement as a state ex perimental station, which endorsement was made known to the senators and representatives in congress. The Mail criticises Senator Casey, who induced the government to make its proposed artesian irrigation experiment for North Dakota at amestown, notwithstanding the legislative instructions. Edgeley people seem to think their fight for the station should be recognized, and the Mail says that the town must keep a look out for its own interests It is diffi cult to see how Edgeley could expect to get the irrigation experiment when there is no artesian well at that place. IF the people of Florida had voted for a United States senator, Mr. Call, al though a democrat, would never have been elected. By a legislative trick he secured a majority of one in the legisla ture, and it is said a precedent has been established in the senate that will give Call his seat. Which ever way it termi nates it is a case of a man long in office seeking by subterfuge and unblushing selfishness, to retain one of the choicest positions in the republic, to which he is not entitled by any act of ability or other consideration. For those who believe that a change should be made in the method of electing United States senators, the case of Mr. Call furnishes another argument. THE address of SenatorDavis before the "-I.:!,: a -5 W law stndents of the Minnesota university was that of a man who loves bis profes sion and knows it thoroughly. It was that of a high minded lawyer whose sense of honor has not become stupefied by reading English law, if not altogether lost by acquaintance with the multitude of bewildering judicial opinions in the construction of the law as applied to Bpecial cases. Senator Davis would poison the shyster like a rat, in order lo exterminate him. Hi* description of the shyster was a marvel of accuracy, and leaves in the mind of the reader an odious and repulsive picture that is but a clear reflection of the original. IN Florida the legislature has made the anniversary of Jefferson Davis' birthday a legal holiday. There are still a great many people in Florida to whom this honor appears entirely befitting and not only in Florida, but all over the sunny south. The majority of those who celebrate Davis' birthday are women whose husbands, brothers and sons were killed in a cause, which the memory of Davis best represents to the southern women. They are patriotic, loyal, lov ing conservators of the home-wrecked south. Their anniversary and ceremon ial days are as sacred as any on earth, and far more personally significant than those in the north. REFERRING to the proposed taxation of sheep the Dunseith Times says for the Turtle mountain country: In this county, at least in organized school townships, where the tax reaches 5 per cent, it would be impossible to make the sheep pay. It would seem that a combination of elements and fool ishness of those in power have combmcd to drive the people out of the northern part of the state. A»iy business that pays a small profit is taxed to death. Many of our farmers that had contem plated going into sheep, have given it up since they became aware of the tax that was being levied upon them. The tax in this and many counties wi'l be equal to 2 cents per pound of the wool clip. ANOTHER largo tin manufactory has been established at Philadelphia and the proprietors guarantee .the same excel lent quality of tin plate as was imported from Wales before the passage of the McKmley bill. The new industry is of course subject to attacks on account of political prejudice, but with the manu facturers it is simply a matter of business to fill* the rapidly increasing orders. With the people it is also a matter of business, and the popular verdict is bound to endorse the famous measure that is permitting us to provide for our own necessities. GOVERNOR BURKE has notified Com missioner of Agriculture and Labor Helgesen that his office must be removed to Bismarck. This is in accordance with the state constitution, which requires all state officers to have their offices at the capital. Mr. Helgesen's headquarters have heretofore been at Grand Forks The Herald is greatly agitated over the order for removal and marshals a lot of hard adjectives before the governor's name, when referring to his excellency, THE attorney general holds that coun ty commissioners have "no authority in law to abate, cancel or refund a tax when once levied." Their only authority or control over the assessment of taxes, so he holds, is when sitting as aboard of equalization, when they may correct as sessments. It is reported that the dis trict attorney of Cass county holds a diametrically opposite opinion and ad vised the county commissioners of that county to that effect a few days ago. THERE have been discovered several in stances of collusion in the sales of school lands in the Red river valley and State Superintendent Ogden has given notice that confirmation will be withheld in certain sales made in Grand Forks county. If this be true it will be one in stance where a state official, not being in collusion himself, has done his duty. IN the criticism of the absence of state officers from the capital, Insurance Com missioner Carey iB specifically excluded. Mr. Carey has been one of the state officials whose constant presence in bis office commends him to the people and not only that, but be has so far proved himself a faithful and diligent servant in the conduct of his department. BOARDS of trade seem to get along without paying much attention to actual conditions. There is a tendency to high er wheat prices, yet the advance, says a Chicago commission firm, is promptly checked by reports of harvesting from ,( 7 ,J.-. fPJT™ ,»(.,. m, s-•»-}«!? •yv^n tPT-f t*~ 1)H" 1 1 ',vw,,i 1 1$ r'ijf some prairie-dog town in Knnsas. Pro visions are also weak on the board, but strong iu the butcher shop. NEWSPAPER men throughout the state sympathize with Frank Gage, long the foreman of the Fargo Argus composing rooms, in tbo death of his wife, last week. Mrs. Gage was a lady of refinement and eultnre and left a host of friends in Fargo where she and her husband have resided for the last ten years. THE auditor of LaMoure county says that in his opinion the state board of equalization has no authority to fix the assessment of sheep at 83 per head. La Moure county believes in assessing its sheep at from $1 to @1.80 per head. A VALLEY CITY institute promises to cure any sufferer from the liquor or opium habit. The prohibitionists are at present radically treating the liquor habit, but few believe that the treatment can effect a permanent cure. SOHWEINFCBTH, the Illinois man who olaims to be Jesus Christ, number two, and who has set up a harem for a king dom on earth, came near being coated with tar and feathers in Missouri the other day. Mind Reading. The feats of mind reading performed by the late Irving Bishop were wonder ful, and savored a good deal of the super natural, though he always claimed there was nothing mysterious about it. Johns ton, the phenomenal product of the northwest, has given 6ome wonderful ex hibitions, though skeptics have not been wanting who denounced him as a palpa ble fraud. There is another kind of mind reading not so difficult as that at tempted by Bishop and Johnston—to read the mind of the public on a subject of great interest. During the past five years, "the Burlington" has carried to all parts of the country thousands and thousands of the bright people of the Northwest, and if you ask any one what he thinks of that line, you can, before he speaks, read his mind on that question, by noting how pleasant recollections of speed, comfort, and safety cause his face to light up and a smile to break forth For assistance in this matter ask your local agent for a ticket via the Burlington," or write to W. J. C. Kenvon. Gen. Pass, agent, C. B. & N. R. 11., St. The New Discovery. You have heard your friends and neighbors talking about it. You may yourself be one of the many who know from personal experience just how good a thing it is. If you have ever tried it, you are one of it» staunch friends, be cause the wonderful thing about it is, that when once given a trial. Dr. King's New Discovery ever after holds a place in the house. If you have never used it, and should be afflicted with a cough, cold or any throat, lung or chest trouble, secure a bottle at once and give it a fair trial. It is guaranteed every time, or money refunded. Trial bottles free at Baldwin & Smith's drug store. Buckleii*«t Arnica Salve The Best Salve in the world for Cats Bruises. Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum. Fever Sores. Tetter, Chapped Hands, Chilblains Corns, and all Skin Eruptions, and posi tively cures Piles, or no pay required. It is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction, or money refunded. Price 25 cents per box. For sale by Baldwin & Sm^h. After a pleasant visit of several days with his mother, S. H. Moer returned to Duluth last Saturday. Mr. M. was accompanied by his brother, YV. B. Moer, who will assist him in bis increasing office duties. As Walter has been in Duluth before, and liked it there, he will naturally be pleased to go again. Attor ney Moer is having fine success in his law business, having no less than eight trial cases in the term of district court which begins this week. The popularity which Hood's Sarsapa rilla has gained as a spring medicine is wonderful. It possesses ju6t those ele ments of health-giving, blood purifying and appetite-restoring which everybody seems to need at thi«* season. Be sure to get Hood's Snrsaparilla. Leases for hay or lands in charge of the undersigned will be made on applica tion at my office in Jamestown. B. S. Russell, agent M. & D. L. & I. Co. and others. Children Cry For PITCHER'S A Practically Perfect Preparation for Children's Complaints. Glossy Sheen And vigorous growth, so much admired in hair, can be secured by the use of Ayer Hair Vigor. There Is nothing better than this preparation for keeping the scalp clean, cool, and healthy. It restores to faded and gray hair the original color and beauty, pre vents baldness, and Imparts to the hair a silky texture and a lasting and delicate fra Krauce. The most elegant and economical dressing In the market, no toilet Is complete without Ayer's Hair Vigor. My wife believes that the money spent for Ayer's Hair Vigor was the best Invest ment she ever made. It Imparts a soft And SHky Texture to the lialr, and gives much satisfaction."— J. A. Adams, St. Augustine, Texas. "After usiug a number of other prepare Hons without any satisfactory result, nw that Ayer's Hair Vigor Is causing my hair to grow."-A. J. Osment, General Merchant, Indian Head, N. W. T. 41 Paul, Minn. The First Step. Perhaps you are run down, can't eat, can't sleep, can't think, can't do any thing to your satisfaction, and you wonder what ails you. You should heed the warning, you are taking the first step into nervous prostration. You need a nerve tonic and in Electric Bit ters you will find the exact remedy for restoring your nervous system to its normal, healthy condition. Surprising results follow the use of this great nerve tonic and alterative. Your appetite re turns, good digestion is restored, and the liver and kidney resume healthy action. Try a bottle. Price 50c, at Baldwin & Smith's drasr store. Ayer's Hair Vigor is the only preparation I could ever And to remove dandruff, cure Itching humors, and prevent loss of hair. I confidently recommend It."—J. C. Butwr, gpeucer, Mass. Result From Using •'Ayer's Hair Vigor will prevent premOp ture loss of hair and when so lost will stim ulate anew growth. I have used the prepay ration for those purposes and know whereol I afllrm."—A. Lacombe, Opelousas, La. Ayer's Hair Vigor fllXFARED BV Dr. J. C. IYER & CO., Umt, Mm. Sold by Druggists and Perfumer*. NORTHERN PACIFIC ABTWKP Dickinson, Mandan, Bismarck, James town, Leed*, Minnewaukan, Edgeley, Oakes, Fargo, AND ALL POINTS EAST "WEST There Is nothing better tnau the service on THE XDiisri3sra- XJXTS. Through Pullman Sleeping Cars Daily J5ETWEEN POINTS IN NORTH DAKOTA A N ST. PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIS. PACIFIC COAST TRAINS PASSING THROUGH Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana Idaho, Oregon and Washington. CAREY COJin.K.TK KQU1FMEXT OF Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars, First and Second Class Coaches. Pullman Tourist and Free Colonist Sleepers AND ELEGANT DINING CARS. TURAIIRH TIMFTC Al'e soId at 811 I nnuuon I IliRC IOofiices NORTHERN PACIFIC—Went Bound. PACIFIC MAIL—Arrives at Jamestown a S :80 a. m. departs at 5:35 a. m., dally. I*ACIFIO EXPRESS—Arrives at Jamestown at 8:50 p. m. departs at 8:55 p. in. DAKOTA EXPRESS—Arrives at James town at 11:25 a. m., daily, except Sunday. EiMt Bound. ATLANTIC MAIL—Arrives at Jamestown at 11:35 p. m.: departs at 11:40 n. m., dally. ATLANTIC EXPBKSS—ArrivesatJamestown at 5:25a. m. departs at 5:30 a.m. DULUTH, ST. PAUL & MINNKAPOLIS EX PBKSS—Leaves Jamestown at 4:30 p. m., daily except Sunday. JAMK8TOWN NORTHERN North Bound. Leaves Jamestown for all points north daily except Suuday at 7:00 a. 111. Arrives from the north at 3:85 p. m. JAMES RIVER VALLEY K. R.-South Itonnd. OA KKS EXPBKSS—Leaves Jamestown 5:45 a, m. arrives at LaMoure :E0 a. m.. Valley Junc tion 8:M a. m., and Oakes at 8:40 a. m., where a connections made with the Northwestern. ACCOMMODATION—Leaves Jamestown Mon days, Wednesdays and Fridays at 12:15 p. m„ afrlves at LaMoure 3:55 p. m., and Oakes at 6:00 p. in. North Bound. JAMESTOWN EXPBKSS—Leaves Oakes at »:20 p. m., LaMoure 9:20 p. m.: arrives at Jamestown at 11:S5 p. m. ACCOMMODATION—Leaves Oakes Tuesdays Thursdays and Saturdays at 2:10p. m. LaMoure 4:05 p. m.: arm iiicatJamestown at 7: 30*. m. For Bates, Maps. Time Tables or Special Information, npply to Agent, Northern Pacific R. R.,Jamestown, N. D. or rHAS S. FEE, Oenerui Pass, and T'kt. Air't. St. Paul, Minn HAIL INSURANCE. The only Company that has al~ ways paid its losses in full. RATES MODERATE. TOUXADO insurance. BEST COMPANIES AND LOWEST RATES. W. B. S. TBIMBLE. I •I 'I •4 1 coupon o( the Northern Pa cini Railroad to points Noitli, East, South and West, in the United States ami Canada. TIME CARD. vf I fo r- sm