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IN THE MATTER OF TITLES. Legral Proceedings in tlio State Courts in tlie Northern Pa cific Tax Cases. Member of the W. C. T. U. is Opposed to the Schemes of the Politicians. Company of Farmers Their Own Platform Ship Grain. There are two distinct grounds on which the railroad company declines to pay taxes. One is that the title of the railroad company is not quieted, and the other is in refereuce to the gross earn ings tax imposed by the state. F. Dudley, general land attorney of the Northern Pacific railroad company hand led the first feature of the case. Attorney Bullett general counsel of the road pro sented the groes earnings feature «f the case. Messrs. Uemp, Conklin and Bice represented several counties interested. Mr. Camp opened5 the case by giving a statement of what had been done, in the lower courts and tbe character of the case, and bad not finished when he was interrupted by Judge Caldwell who said that the burden was on the railroad com pany to show why the injunction now in force should not be dissolved. Mr. Dudley made an able, dear cut and elaborate argument. The burden of bis remarks were that in the original grant the company were given title to all lands that were not held by homestead or pre-emption or were non-mineral lands. His argument was that the inte nor department had continually de dared certain lands to be the property of persons who had acquired tbe same by pre-emption or homestead entry, having made their filings .previous to the land grant Again it had not been absolutely determined which were mineral lands. They did not wish to pay taxes on this land till they were absolute owners of it and their title unquestioned. The court said that unless they bad more substan tial arguments in favor of the injunction being made permanent be should decide against them. For eighteen years they had possessed the land had given war ranty deeds for much of it and if the company was exempt from state taxation so would all those be exempt who had bought property from them. No, said the court, it were better that the com pany should eventually lose a few pieces of land, than that the great state of North Dakota shculd be deprived of the assessed against the company. He did not think tbe company was much frightened over losing lapd in the future He believed that the title conferred upon them in the land grant was sufficient, they did not need a patent on each par ticular piece. When you ask that public tax be re* •trained you ask that which I shall not grant. To Ship Their Own Grain. A number of farmers around Elliott in Bansom couaty, have clubbed together and erected a platform from which to load and ship grain.The farmers entering into the scheme control about 10,000 acres which represent 240,000 bushels of wheat. The platform was nearly completed when the railroad company gave notice that work must be stopped until a permit, ac cording to law, could be secured. This, it is said, can be obtained in a few days and the platform completed. The eleva tor agent is reported to have written his company that it the scheme is not stop ped they might as well close the elevator and assign him to another place. It will be of interest to note the final result of the farmers attempt to ship their own wheat. 1 ,,**?" ••M.iUln1 L.J iil'.i/,!jtlil l' 5 Build to The Northern Pacific Tax Cases. The Fargo Republican reports the proceedings in the Northern Pa* ciflc tax cases argued before Judge Caldwell last week. The case in question is known as the N. P. R. vs. Walker et nl. case. Walker was the auditor of Barnes county, and an in junction, issued by Judge Thomas, re straining Walker from giving a tax-title to certain lands on whioh taxes had been levied and assessed, bu^ not paid, is still in force. The prayer of the railroad company is that this injunction be made permanent or perpetual. If the prayer of the railroad cerapany is granted it ex empts from taxation all t^e land em braced within the odd numbered sections contained within the forty mile strip each side of the right of way of the road that was granted to the Northern Pacific rail road by the government in 1864. This exemption includes all the lands that has been deeded by the Northern Pacific railroad company to third parties and in dudes a large portion of the city of Fargo. 'W "Tl mmw^ 4 v^r** A^,,y ,,,, ,» AM/ »., 1 Views of a Temperance Woman. Mrs. Linda W. Slaughter, who is well known in Dakota as a prominent W. 0. T. U. worker and temperance advocate, was seen in Bismarck last Saturday by a representative of The Alert, and asked to state for publication what position she occupied in regard to the contem plated political alliance between the re publican party and the prohibitionistB of the state? Mrs. Slaughter resides on a farm north of Bismarck and is also en gaged in teaching a township school. She had juBt driven in from the country and readily assented to the request, say ing! "Well, if The Alert thinks my views worth publishing you may have them." "I can only sav for myself that I have been prohibitionist when prohibition extremely unpopular here in Bis marck—and having stood by its flag through all the dark years of discourage ment and defeat, I do not propose to run away now when the sunlight of success is resting upon our banner. What has the republican party of North Dakota done for prohibition that we should be asked to desert to its ranks? And why are the republican leaders so anxious for piohi' bition endorsements now-a-days? Why, I understand that a resolution endorse ing the republican party and commend ing Gov. Burke's desire to enforce the prohibition law, has been already written by a prominent republican and is all ready to be passed at the state W. C. T. U. convention at Grand Forks next week. Now, it is very nice of Gov. Burke to write a letter advocating tbe enforcement of the laws, because that is what gover nors are elected for and it is very good of the republicans to embrace prohibi tion now that it has become popular. Prohibitionists ought not to refuse help from any source—and if Gov. Burke and tbe republicans want encouragement and endosement from the W. C. T. U. they ought to have it. All the same it might be well to wait, and be suie that their promises are to be followed by performance. TLen there are many pro hibitionists who are not convinced by the sincerity of republican professions on this point, while the very pretence they are obliged to make to convince the pro hibitionists of the reality of their conver sion to prohibition, will drive all the saloon keepe id and high license advo cates out of their ranks. Then what will be left of the republisan party?* Only a corporal's guard and they had better come and take service in the ranks of the prohibition party under the banner that we have followed from defeat to victory. Of course I am only speaking for my self. There are twenty-five ladies in the local W. C. T. U.of Bismarck, of which I have the honor to be president, all of them bright thoughtful women—and they represent all shades of political be lief. My experience has been that the only way to get along peaceably in a society of ladies is to keep politics and personalities out of it, hence the two delegates whom we shall send to Grand Forks go there uainstructed on these points, and when that republican resolu tion hops up in the convention they cao vote just as they chose about it. They are kind hearted ladies though, and may probably feel that if a little plaster like that will stiffen the backbones of the re publicans, that it ought to be applied. Please understand that I have only given you my own views. Of course I am not a politician and there are nc doubt wiser minds among our prohibi tion leaders who may see their duty differently, but I shall stay by the old flag, even if there shall not be found an other prohibitionist in all tbe state to keep me company." Death of Miss Nettie Clark. The Whatcom Country Democrat this refers to the sudden death of a young lady well known in Jamestown, and a resident here for Beveral yeare: "Only a few short days ago Miss Nettie A. Clark was living, a bright and beautiful young lady, abounding in graces of heart and mind, the charm of a large circle of dear friends, the cherished idol of doting par ents, and the sweet and loving compan ion of her sister and little brother. To* day her form lies in her laBt home, where the tlowers will bloom above, and birds warble sweet songs unmindful of the in animate day below, which no longer holds the soul of the dear loved one. The deceased was born in Lakeland, Minn., in 1870, and was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Clark, who reside on Twelfth street, Bellingham, Fairhaven. About a year ago she, with her parents, oldest sister and little brother, removed to this city from Jamestown, North *Da kota. She was an accomplished young lady whose associates only knew her to love her, and appreciate her many virtues. On Tuesday last Bhe complained of sore throat and took medical treatment for tonsilitis, but she grew worse, and on Saturday the fifth inBtant she passed from earth. •*f *"k W W? W WW' VOL XV JAMESTOWN, NORTH DAKOTA.. THURSDAY SEPTEMBER J7 1891 FIGURING UP THE RETURNS. Single Counties Where Millions of Money are Earned by the Farmers. What one Season can do When Nature Smiles in Barnes County. Gems of Eloquence and Wisdom From Lawyer Ingersoll's Jury Address. "Bully" for Barnes. Valley City Patriot: Threshing is now progressing very generally throughout the county, and the yield reported large. So far we learned of only one field pro ducing less than twenty bushels to the acre, and in that case the small ayerage was caused by pepper weed. In Barnes county this year the wheat acreage is about 137,421 acres. If there is an aver age of twenty bushels the county over, it will mean 2,748,420 bushels of wheat for Barnes county farmers. This at an aver age of eighty cents a bushel will amount to $2,198,736 for wheat alone. In addi tion to this there will be the oats, barley and ye crops which will yield 8170,000 more. Then there is the butter, hay, wool, horses, cattle, sheep and hoes for market, that will swell the sum about $100,000 more, making a grand total of marketable products this year of $2,468, 736, which will be distributed among the farmers of Barney county. Ingersoll at Butte. In his address to the jury in the Davis will case last week, Col. Ingersoll made a most forcible and w»nning argument. In the course of his remarks he animad verted from the technical points in the case, in the following fine observations: '•I don't want you, gentlemen, to pay any attention to what I say unless it ap peals to your reason and to your good seuse. Don't be afraid of me because I am a sinner. I admit that I am. I am not like tbe other gentleman who thank ed God that he was not as other men. I have the faults and frailties common to the human race, but in spite of being a sinner I strive to be at least a good natured one and I am such a sinner that if there is any good in any other world I am willing to share it with all the child ren of men. To that extent at least I am a sinner 8nd I hope, gentlemen, that you will not be prejudiced against me on that account or decide for tbe proponent simply upon the perfections of Senator Sanders. We have heard a great deal,gentlemen, of the difference between fact and opin ion. There is a difference between fact and opinion, but sometimes when we have to establish a fact by persons we are hardly as certain that the fact ever existed as we are of the opinion, and al though otte swears that ne saw a thing or heard a thing we all know that the accuracy of that statement must be de cided by something besides his word. There is this beautiful peculiarity in nature—a lie never fits a fact, never. You only fit a lie with another lie, made for the express purpose, because you can change lies, but you can't change a fact, and after a while the time comes when the last lie you tell has to be fitted to a fact, and right there is a bad joint con sequently you must test the statements of people who say they saw, not by what they saw, but by other facts, by the sur roundings, by what are called probabili ties by the naturalness of the statement. If we only had to hear what witnesses say, jurymen would need nothing but ears, their brains could be dispensed with but after you hear what they have to say you call a council in your brain and make up your mind whether the statement, in view of all the circum stances, is true or false. I never quarrel with anybody, my phil osopy being that everybody does as he must, and if he is in bad luck and does wrong, why, let's pity him, and if we happen to have good luck, and take the path where roses bloom, why, let's be joyful. That is my doctrine no need fighting about these little things. They are all over in a little while anyway. Nature is substantially the same every where, and I believe her laws are sub stantially the same everywhere, from a grain of sandtto the blazing Arcturus everywhere, the probabilities are the same. Thousands of people imagine that de tail in memory is evidence of truth. I don't think it if there is something in the details that is striking, then there is but naturalness, above all probability, is the test of truth. Probability is the toroh that every juryman should hold, and by the light of that torch he should march to bis verdiot. Probability. Now let us take that for a text. Probability is the test of truth. Let us follow the natural, let us follow the reasonable. A. J. Davis went on piling his money, 1 ~y0w thousands on thousands. Greed grows with age, as it generally does, "Gold is spurned by the youth and loved by the old." There is something magnificent after all about the extravagance of youth and there is something pitiful about the greed of old age. How beautiful the gen erosity, tlie hospitality of childhood, and as they grow old there comes the love of gold, and tho love of gold seems to have the same effect upon the heart that it does upon the country where it is found. All the roses fade, and the beautiful green trees lose their leaves, and there is nothing in the heart but sage brush. And so it is with the land that holds within its miserly grip of rocks what we call the Drecious metals. Crop und Land Notes. Judge Rose is buying borses for the 640 acre farm he recently bought in Al bion township this county. He has bought nine horses, all good stock, most ly Percherons, and intends buying more. There were 300 acres of the land in crop, which will be plowed back this fall. Next spring the remamder of the ground will probably be broken. Tbeciop that is on the land this year—200 a^res put in by Pat Moron—1would have paid for the price oC tlie entire farm. Judge Rose says he would not take §2,000 for bis bar gain. He intends to erect buildings, and make the place a model one, if the land continues to yield as it has done this year. The price paid for the land, in cluding the breaking, was a little more than four dollars an acre. tV' 1 Senator Casey says the Carrington & Casey farm has storage for only 47,000 bushels and is therefore obliged to ship out a large amount of the wheat crop as soon as threshed. If the yield continues on this farm, as it is now running, there will* be something like 70,000 bushels'of grain raised this year. A half section of land was sold from this farm the past week to a resident of Foster county at tbe rate of $0 an acre. It is said by threshers that without there is an open winter to work there will be wheat in the county to thresh next year. This is likely to be the case, not only in this county, but in other counties as well. Men and teams are scarce, for the demand has been unusu ally great during the past week. Foster county threshers would be glad to give employment to 50 or 100 men and the same complaints of lack of help is heard from parties in Wells and Eddy counties. There are more threshing outfits in the country than have been known before, and each machine has more work than it can da There is double the amount of straw to put through the ma chines and the yield is so large that it will require double tbe time to thresh out grain this year than it has ever before taken. There is every, indue ment for farmers to stack their wheat— the price may not prove the chief consid eration to do this, as it is likely that it will become necessary to stack to pro tect tbe grain before it can be threshed. Many who depend oq threshing this fall are liable to get left and take chances of prairie fires. Referring to this slow work of threshing the Ransom county Gazette says: "Threshing crews are not getting over the ground anywhere near as fast as they expected to. It was thought they could each complete 75 to 100 acres per day, but the straw is very heavy and the wheat pours out so that the men at the spout have to hustle to take care of it. Fifty acres makes a good day's work and in most cases that means about 1,500 bushels. The consequence of all this is that already threshers are behind with their engagements and none of them will be able to fill all their contracts. Capt. McGinms has a 25 bushel yield at his Melville farm. It was the first number one hard that has been received at that station, although there is plenty of it in the vicinity no doubt. Tbe Mc Ginnis farms in the Albion precinct did not get an early sowing this year, and as a consequence will produce little better than a bad lot of rejected. The two car loads of wheat which were shipped from the J. G. Duff farm in Foster county, were from fields which gave the largest yields ever known in the county. The Carrington Independent says a collection was taken up and tbe proceeds were used for the purpose of buying bunting on which was printed in large letters: "Carrington, Foster Co., North Dakota, first threshing,season 1891. 40 bushels and 10 pounds No. 1 hard per acre. More to follow. A few choice claims yet vacant." Two of these large posters were made and were placed on each side of the car. Farmers are just beginning to awake to the fact that they have raised an immense crop this year. Preaching the Gospel. Lakota, Nelson county, Observer: Rev. S. N. Griffith, M. A., of Lanmore, will preach at the M. E. church Sunday morning and evening. He will also lec ture Monday evening on "What Ails This Country." All should avail them selves of hearing this man. He is one of the ablest speakers in North Dakota. 'Vlilfelfe1 H! /:ffp I ih ALERT. FACTS WORTH MONEY. Valuable Figures, Reasons and Arguments for Higher Wheat Prices. insecurity of the Plowed Fire Guards on Nearly Every Farm. Delay in Threshing Wheat From Shock, Exposing it to Increased Danger. Food for Reflection. The St. Paul State, the official paper of the Minnesota alliance and the source of the hold-your-wheat circular which gave the first accurate information of the great European crop shortage to the farmers of the country, again urges every Minnesota and North Dakota farmer to hold all the wheat possible. Its reasons for tliis are many and of a most convinc ing character. The following facts are worth money to every man who has a bushel of wheat to sell: About a week ago a congress of grain dealers from all parts of ^Europe met at Vienna, Austria, and computed figures about the crops in Europe. The figures of tbe Vienna congress show that Europe raises 258,000,000 bushels wheat, and 490,000,000 bushels rye, less than last year. Last year it consumed all of its own wheat crop and at least 50,000,000 of reserves, 100,000,000 bushels imported from America, all that other countries could supply, and all its rye crop. It will have 120,000,000 bushels extra from America to make up a deficiency of 798,000,000, and must consequently eat 678,000,000 bushels less grain. Rye be ing dearer in Europe than wheat, the The shortage in Europe being four times as large as the American surplus, there is no doubt that the price of wheat will reach the highest figure ever known before this year is up, and will exceed it by far before the new crops come in. European countries which lend us thousands of millions of dollars, are not going very easily on boiled hay and root diet. The talk that $1 wheat in Chicago is a high price under present circumstances, is absolutely idiotic, for an aver age price in England being $1.41, on one in Europe dar9s expect to eat wheat 21 cents below an average price this year Speculators having made reckless con tracts with Europeans succeeded in drawing out of the farmer enough winter wheat to fill their engagements so far, by offering for cash wheat, about as much as they promised to gell for in December. It is talked all over America and Europe that wheat from Minnesota and the Dakotas will flow into the market at a rate whicb will be limited only by the capacity of railroads for carrying it It is said that wheat will come so fast that there will not be money enough to buy it, and elevator capacity to store. Those who afe forced by absolute necessity to sell,or who are too imbecile to understand .• .». *jf \t" .' i.ii il '. j.. .' .' '»".. -'•-•j v: :••'.' raw' NO 7 the situation, are not so numerous that their actions can keep down prices any length of time, and as soon as the fools are out of the market intelligent farmers will get prices adequate to the circum stances. By selling a year's supply dur ing a few months, prices naturally start in very low and generally stay there. This year, however, it will fortunately not make much difference how low prices start in, for wheat will soon be over 1.50, no matter how much farmers and specu lators work together to keep prices down and we would advise those who can com prehend the situation to hold their wheat for $1.50, and add for every month they keep it, say, five cents to the price. There is no doubt thev will get that price and probably more, and they will get it in the. near future. Beware of ignorant or interested ad visers. Remember that the yearly Vienna congress is the best authority in tbe world making its figures entirely from official reports, never overestimat ing the shortage. Remember that these figures show a European shortage four times as large as our possible surplus. Hold your wheat. Tou cannot get left. Wheat is cheap at 81.50 this year. You will soon see it at 82. Insufficient Fire Guards. It is very discouraging to note the in difference with which the farmers appear to regard the danger of prairie fires. A trip into the country will show many fields of wheat in the shock and fire breaks plowed around them of not to ex ceed eight or ten feet in width, and in many cases not that wide. A fire driven by a stiff breeze would find little or no impediment in its way, and must destroy thousands of dollars worth of grain. The prairie grass is now dry as tinder, and any hour is liable to be ignited, and a latter becomes a substitute and is equally fjre started that no efforts can stay. affected by a deficiency in rye or wheat supply. When it is entirely certain that Europeans will have to economize in bread to the extent of 678,000,000 bush els, and when the situation is aggravated by the partial failure of the potato crop, it is to be considered what prices they would pay for American wheat. Certain advisers of the American farmer, tell him, that a price of $1.00 per bushel in Chicago is about the highest Europeans will stand, and that they will rather eat other things than pay more for wheat. Let us see bow true that is. They can surely not substitute meat for bread, because at the highest price of wheat ever known, bread still remains tbe cheapest food. When driven to extremi ties tbey could substitute corn, barley, or oats, and they will have to do so any how, without question, for of wheat and rye there is not enough on this planet to come anywhere near making up the de ficiency, but when it becomes necessary to draw upon these products to fill the shortage, they will also rise to heretofore unknown prices The average price for wheat for the last 32 years in England on a gold basis, was $1.41 per bushel, which now corre sponds with a price of $1.21 in Chicago. During the eight highest years of that period, namely 1861-67-68-71-72-73-74 and and 1877, the average price was $1.77% equal to $1.57% in Chicago. During 1867 and 1868 the average price was 81.95 and prices went as high as 82.21 per bushel equal to more than $2 in Chi cago. Though well posted about Euro pean affairs, we do not recollect that these high prices of wneat changed the diet of Europeans to any great extent, and the exorbitant prices at which Eu rope, as the farmer's advisers say, will re fuse to take our wheat, must, therefore, be somewhere beyond past experience Threshers should tell the truth to farm ers about the delay there will be in threshing, and every man who has an exposed field of grain ought to stack it, or fully protect it now. Every day in creases the danger, and it is the height of foolishness to trust to luck any longer in this matter. Sheep by tbe Thousand. It is an unusual as well as interesting sight to see 8,100 sheep feeding together on the prairie. That number of sheep, however, can now be seen on the upland south of tbe city. Tbe sheep belong to Ringer & Jandell, and have been on tbe road for several months, having been driven from tbe interior of Idaho as far east as Miles City, from which point they were shipped to this place by rail It is the opinion of good judges that the band is about the finest that hae» been brought to this state. Mr. Ringer' states that he paid to the original own ers 83 eash for a large number of tbe sheep, and but slightly less figures for the remainder. This was before any ex pense had been made in driving or ship ping. The band, it will be seen, represents a good sized fortune. Good luck was had in driving tbem, as few losses have occurred on the* way and excellent feed was found at all times. Tbe sheep are mostly wethers and are "mutton sheep" now. In the' band are about 1,800 ewes to be sold to farmers here. Tlie remainder will be marketed soon, and possibly sold to one buyer who was expected today to look the lot over. It is a tedious and labor ing job to drive the above number of sheep the distance they were driven. It has been accomplished successfully, how ever. Mr. Ringer was present most of the time and was assisted by three driv ers. Not the least help in the work has been done by three shaggy shepherd dogs, and a 3 months old puppy born on the trip has also become an expert, al ready, in the work. It is quite a difficult matter in driving so large a number to ascertain if any sheep have been lost. They are occasionally counted by being run through a gate and there aie 80 black and bell sheep in this band, which are counted frequently to see if any are being lost. Permanent Improvements. Mandan Pioneer: The Northern Pa cific is constructing anew bridge at Bil lings, Mont. The new structure will be built entirely of steel and will consist of three spans of 160 feet each. The super structure will rest on granite piers and abutments. The new bridge is to re place the wooden Howe truss structure which was built when the road was first constructed. The building of this bridge is in pursuance of the policy adopted by tbe Northern Pacific of replacing the wooden bridges by steel as soon as the former begin to need repair. The com pany is also replacing much of their trestle work with permanent stone cul verts and fills. Last year about six miles of trestle were thus abolished, while this year considerably more than that amount will be replaced with solid track. 1 }u 0 1 '1 -m 3m. '•'MSb 'W 1 vat' LC'S I' I.