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BURNED TO A CRISP.
A Northern Pacific Engineer mid Fireman Meet Death in the Flames. A Sunday Morning: Wreck Near Buffalo—Cattle Burned and Stampeded. An Unusual and Fatal Railroad Disaster —A Train on Fire. Roasted to Death. A fatal freight wreck occurred on this division Saturday night about 1 o'clock that has cast deep gloom nnd sorrow over the railroad men and their friends along the whole line and particularly at this place where the unfortunate victims were well known. It appears that Conductor Mahary's freight train was switching at Buffalo station in Cass county, and that a box car loaded with coal 'oil in barrels, be came detaohed and started to run down the grade which is quite heavy at that point. The car was not stopped when it first started for some reason. The oar ran very rapidly west for about two miles when it crashed into a stock train of twenty-three cars bound east, in charge of Conductor Smith and Engineer J. H. Curtis. The collision was such as to split the box car and sactter the con tents in every direction. The train ran about sixteen car lengths before it stop ped, and the oil from the car became scattered under the train and engine and immediately caught fire. Then fol lowed a scene of destruction and death that has seldom been witnessed on the Northern Pacific. The greater portion of the train appeared to catch fire at once and huge flames mounted almost in stantly high into the air. Men and ani mals were at once ablaze with flames which were impossible to extinguish. Fireman W. E. Dodge was quickly burued to death, although he ran out on the prairie beyond the telegraph poles. While lying on the ground he was seen to raise himself on his elbow. It is also thought that he was injured inter nally. Engineer Curtis's clothing was also saturated with oil, and he too jumped or was thrown from the cab and ran out on the prairie, but before assist ance could reach him bis clothing was burned clean from him and it is said pieoes of flesh fell off when the body was being removed. The places where the engineer and fire man lay on the grass were burned for ten feet around. Head brakeman A. E. Beaton was also badly burned, but was rendered assistance and, while bis in juries are of a severe character, will re cover. Beaton tried to extinguish the flames on his clothes by rolling on the prairie, but could not do so. He filled his hands with dirt and sand and rubbed it on his face and neck. This partially prevented the action of the ilames. Another victim, a tramp who was steal ingaride was also found on fire. His clothing was partly removed by the train men and, although badly burned on hands and face was sent to the hospital without serious injuries. Dead and in jured were at once taken-to Fargo. Four doctors came from Valley City on the Bwitch engine, and other physicians were soon in attendance. The oil which began blazing under the stock cars and in the hay at the bottom, caused another horror. Live cattle were slowly burned up amid their fierce bel lows of pain. About 25 of the 325 cattle were extricated and in their fury and blinded by the glare of the burning wreck, charged indiscriminately around on the prairie, making the efforts of those seeking to help the injured tram men additionally hazardous. There were seven Btock men on the tram in charge of the cattle and it is taid that their chief object seemed to be to rescue the Btock at the expense of assistance to the train men. Eight cars of cattle were cut lose from the train and run back out of harms way. These and the 25 that were taken from the cars were all that were saved. Bear Brakeman Conners says there was no great noifle heard or any jar to indicate a serious collision. The engine was not badly damaged and after the train stopped, the steam "blew off." To Conductor Smith and those in the rear end of the train, it seemed as if an explosion had occurred as soon as the car of oil was struck. The train men thought the engine had bursted her boil er. The coal oil covered everything and caught tire from the engine. The fire was communicated to all parts of the wreck simultaneously and blazed with the most intense fury. Everything was burned that could burn. The wreck was cleared away yesterday and trains on time last night although No. 1, west r, yi* VPf ^yv 4 bound, yesterday came in by way of Lo Moure and was several hours late. Soon after the accident Bratceman Conners started with a red lamp to flag west and carried with hiin a lamp not burning as brightly as usual. He says he Btopped at a farm house near the track and as he had only a single match asked the farmer to let him have some matches and also a white light or com mon lantern. The brakeman was told to get out and no assistance offered him. He protected the rear, however, so that no other accident followed. Engineer Curtis lived in Fargo and has a family. Fireman Dodge was the son of a Minnesota farmer and was a very popular boy with all. The accident has cast a deep shadow over the railroad boys and their friends. They have the sympathy of all. Funeral arrangements of the deceased were placed in ohargeof the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and the Fargo lodge of Locomotive firemen. The body of Mr. Curtis was taken to Stevens Point, Wis., and that of Fireman Dodge to Claremont, Minn., the railroad com pany carrying free ail desiring to accom pany the remains. The oil car was standing on the Buf falo side track when No. 60 the west bound freight approached it, with orders to pass the extra stock train at that sta tion. The oil car was struck by the en gine and pushed along the track for the purpose of getting the main line clear. The Fargo Argus gives the following ad ditional particulars: BRAKEMAN GALLAGHER BAN forward and climed on the oil car when the freight engine struck it, intending to set the brake and stop it at soon as it had gone far enough. When he tried to do so, he found that the brake would not work, and the car rapidly began to gather momentum as it rolled down the grade toward the main track. Unfortunately as it turned out, the switch at the west end of the 6ide track is what railroad men call a split switcb, which allow* a car to pass over it without leaving the track. Had the oil car left the track %t the switcb the accident never would have occurred. As soon as he found that the car was getting beyond his control Brakeman Gallagher, who had pluckily stuck to his post on the car, signalled to the engineer of the freight train, who quickly cut oT his engine and started on a race to catch the runaway car. This having passed the switch in safety was rapidly gaining speed as it rolled down the steep grade, while LESS THAN FOUB MILES away waB the heavy stock train coming east all unconscious of the hidden dan gers which awaited them. Again and again did Brakeman Gallagher tug at the brake-wheel in a vain endeavor to check the speed of the flying oar but his efforts were of no avail. Equally hope less was the attempt of the freight en gine to catch it from benind. All that could be done was done, yet every second brought the ill-fated crew of the stock train nearer to their doom. In about three miuutts from the time of starting, the brakeman on top of the flying car saw the headlight of the com ing train twinkling in the distance. The car had then run nearly a mile but was still on the down grade and increasing in pace with every click of the wheels as they passed the rail-joints. Brakeman Gallagher knew that in two minutes the smash must come, yet he still stuck to his post and frantically waved his lan tern as the distance between them RAPIDLY LESSENED, and the light from the rapidly approach ing headlight began to glimmer on the converging rails in front, and illuminate the flying telegraph posts. At last he saw that he had done all man could do, and that remaining longer at bis post could do no good, but only throwing away hiB own chance of safety, so giving one laBt twist to the useless brake wheel he jumped to the ladder and leaped from his car when about three lengths from the engine. Almost as he struck the ground the crash came, and simultaneously with the sound of the collision, came a roar of flames, as the gazoline with whioh the oil car was loaded caught fire, and a billow of flame twenty feet high mounted above the doomed stock train as it passed over the ruined car before stopping. 300 Horses For Sale. There is a big lot of No. 1 Western horses for sale in Jamestown and neigh boring points by Mr. J. McGurk, the well known Montana stock man. The herd arrived today from the west. They are unusually good animals, mostly broken. Mr. McGurk is widely krown to all North Dakota stockmen and has put thousands of horses in this state. He has built up a reputation for reliable dealing and his extensive transactions have made him one of the largest dealers in the Northwest. He has been in James town several days awaiting the arriyal of the stock. IN RATTLESNAKE LAND. Incidents of a Sheep Driver's Journey in the Dakota Bad Lands. How a Rattlesnake Bite Acts on Sheep—An Antidote Dis covered. Investigating the Causes ot the Norther it Pacific Stock Train Wreck. Bad Land Records. John Nichols, who had charge of the driving of 5,000 sheep for Lloyd & Hamilton, fiom Montana and Wyoming, kept a diary of each days incidents. The trip through the celebrated Bad Lands was crowded with noteworthy events, and to the lover of natural history, was decidedly interesting. In the Bad Lands nature seems to have left evi dences of Home of her queerest creations. The entire country between the Missouri river and the Rocky mountains, from be yond the Canadian line to Texas, is said by geologists to have been the bed of some ancient 6ea, that stood long after the elevated mountains and hills on either side had appeared. In this sea and on the shores were crowded the animal life of that period, and in the slime of the ocean bed have been pre served the remains of the most curious and gigantic specimens of ancient spe cies of fish, reptile and higher animal. In the Bad Lands south of the Northern Pacific railroad there seemed to have congregated the last remaining individ uals of both land and sea eras. The broken country, covered with igneous or burned out rocks, scant vegetation, and possessing many varieties of curious geological conditions, abounds with remains of ancient inhabitants of earth and water. Their presence is indicated everywhere throughout a long distance and over a wide region. Innumerable remains of sea shells and sea animals are found. Some of the species are extinct others. represented by living forms today. In the lower strata, or at the bottom of the shallow ocean beds, these forms are to be mostly seen. The skeletons of gigantic reptiles are also obtained from strata above the layers encasing the marine animals, although both sea and land forms are often intermingled in the same locality. Many scientific cbllections have been en riched by specimens from the Bad Lands. The crust of the earth seems there to have undergone the most frequent and decided convulsions. Raised and sub sided, twisted, torn and heaped up again, subjected to the action of fire and earth quakes, it was left to visibly mark the scene of those tremendous forces in action which have prepared the earth for its present races of creatures. In this curious, and to the ordmary glance, uninviting country, Mr. Nichols, his assistants and his "silly sheep" spent several weeks, and in all over three months on the drive. Some of the most astonishing skeletons of sea and land animals were often seen. Snails 16 inches across the shell and perfect in form. Oysters and clams whose shells were two feet long and thick in proportion The remains of an ancient lizard 80 feet long were seen lying in a bank, and fos sils of all descriptions were continually to be found. A small collection was made by Mr. Nichols, but wagon loads of interesting structures could have been obtained. There have been several par ties of geologists and stuJents from east ern colleges investigating the deposits in the Bad Lands this summer. Soon after starting on the sheep drive rattlesnakes became troublesome and began to attack the sheep. The snakes were found everywhere, in open places, near rocks and along the trail in any lo cality. Nine sheep were lost by being bitten by the reptiles, and fifty bitten. Mr. Nichols tried various remedies to save the poisoned sheep, but not until he hit upon an application of kerosene and Pond's Extract did he succeed in saving any. After trying the coal oil remedy he lost only one and saved numbers. The rapidity with which the venom from a rattler takes effect is very great. One sheep while crossing near some rocks was struck by a big rattler, his fangs en tering both upper and lower lips of the sheep, which swung its head suddenly upward and carried with it the snake whose fangs were too deeply imbedded to be loosened. One of the assistants promptly killed the snake, and the bitten animal was timed to see how long it would survive. The sheep went about fifty feet and laid down. In five minutes its body was swollen as tight as the skin would stretch, the head puffing and swel ling out to a great size, and the animal choking and turning purple. The skin in the forehead was opened and a liberal application of oil and Extract poured in yvWr'1,f VOL XV JAMESTOWN. NORTH DAKOTA* THURSDAY OCTOBER 1 1891 NO 9 and the aperture saturated with the mix ture. Immediately the sheep began vomiting a greenish and frothy matter. Its veins seemed to contain a large quantity of the greenish and putrid substance. The animal, within fifteen minutes waB nearly double its usual size, and appeared to sustain great suffering. It was placed in a wagon and the flock moved on. Instead of dying as expected, the sheep survived its or deal, and is alive and well with the band' today. Mr. Nicbob believes that his remedy is practically a cure for poison from snake bites, as it was repeatedly tried with success. Seven rattlesnakes were killed in one day, and after counting began, over 150 in all. A small box full of rattles was brought home and many given away. The snakes were killed to within a few miles of the Missouri river at Pierre, S. D. Shortly after the snakes began to be so numerous, fhe sheep acquired a whole some fear of any locality where a tnake was discovered. The presence of a rattler could be determined by the Bheep jumping over each other and scattering in groat haste from the dreaded reptile. No accidents occurred to the drivers and no extra precautions were taken to pre vent bciug bitten, although several narrow escapes from the fangs of con cealed rattlers were had. INVESTIGATING THE ACCIDENT. A Coroner's Jury Trying to Glean Further Facts About the Buffalo Disaster. Investigation by a coroners jury of the Buffalo accident was being made Mon day at Fargo. Brakeman Gallagher testified that the brakes on the oil car were not set when it was struck by the engine and pushed forward on the side track and that the dog was not in the ratchet. The oil car was gently touched by the engine and should not have moved over five feet. He says he tried to stop the car by climbing down and pushing the brakebeam against the wheels with Lis feet. He also tried several times to set the brakes in the usual way, but at no time could it be done. He states he tried to block the car but could find nothing to do it with. He rode on the car for about two miles and kept swinging his lamp to signal to stop the approaching stock train which he could plainly see. The engineer evi dently did not see him, although he got down on the brakebeam and swung his lamp so that it would be seen about the height of a man signaling. He thought the oil car was running about 20 miles an hour when he jumped. If the stop signal had been seen the engineer would have whisteld, and the signal ought to have been seen 400 yards. Gallagher Bays that Beaton, the injured brakeman on the 6tock train, told him he saw the stop signal and tried to jump out of the left hand window of the cab just a6 the car struck. The engine of Gallagher's tram cut off and tried to catch the re ceeding oil car, but could not do so. The deposition of Brakeman Beaton will be taken today to determine if possi ble what occurred on the engine of the stock train and why Gallagher's signals were not seen. The officials state that the car was in spected at Fargo September 22 when put in the freight house there. The agent at Buffalo also is said to have declared that the car was not out of order when set for unloading at that station Saturday, the 26th. If the brake had been properly set, the Master Mechanic states it would hardly be possible to knock the dog from the rachet when bumped by the en gine. The wreck is the first serious one that has occurred in three years on the division, and the record made in this respect has been excellent, as over 12, 564 freight trains on the main line alone have been safely handled. The carcasses of the suffocated and burn ecattle were buried yesterday. There were a great number of them, about 300, and the work was of considerable magni tude. Financially, the wreck will be a costly one, probably a loss of 850,000. Wells County Booming. You can give Wells County a boom now," said J. A. Fields, of Sykeston, last night. A special freight train is run ning out of Sykeston now daily to carry the wheat. Farmers are shipping their own grain. The elevators are nor getting much. Everybody gets cars, and by shipping themselves make from four to five cents a bushel on price, besides sav ing two or three cents on grades. They also save dockage which is inconsiderable at Duluth. Wheat is grading No. 1 hard in nearly every instance, and Wells county farmers are feeling pretty good. I think we have the record of the highest yield yet, over fifty-three bushels to the acre. Other gram is doing equally as well. One field of flax, whioh a farmer did not believe to be worth cutting, went 19bushels to ,he aere." *V\ (A $% sy V/r/ 7?'V^^w^}f A *, FROM THRESHER'S SPOUT. Comes the General Record of North Dakota's Wonderful Crop Yields. Information tor All Parties Who Desire to Ship Their Own Grain. The Alliance Hail Insurance Company Reports oil the Amount ot Losses. The Farmer on Top. Commissioner of Agriculture Helgen sen in Fareo Republican: H.J. Randall, a horse dealer in Park River, had 320 acres of land that be wanted to sell the worst way last winter for $3,000, but could not find a sale for it. Ho cropped it this year. Off of 260 acres he got 8,000 bushels of wheat,and 200 bushels of oats and barley from another field. That crop at the present price is worth 87,000. He has sold his land since harvest for 85,000. This makes §12,000 that he received. It cost him about $2,000 to raise the crop, leaving him $10,000 for what last winter he would have only received $3,000 had succeeded in selling. Foster County Independent: In the spring of 1891, Mr. H. W. Fisk, of Car rington, purchased from the Carrington & Casey Land Company the southwest quarter of section 15, Township 46, Range 66 for $1,704.00, being at the rate of 810.60 per acre. There were no improve ments whatever except 87 acres of break ing. Mr. Fisk planted this 87 acres to wheat and has just sold the product of over 2,600 bushels for 78 cents per bushel, realizing over 82,000. The one years' product ol only 87 acres pays for the en tire 160 acres at $10.50 per acre and all expenses of raising the crop. New Rockford Transcript: A. M. Thomson expected 3,000 bushels of wheat and his neighbors thought he would be lucky if he got 2,500. After threshing he was quite disappointed to find only 4,500 bushels in his granary. He looks unusually pleasant over his extra 1,500 bushels—almost enough surplus over his expectation to buy 160 acres as good land as what he farmed this year. LaMoure Chronicle: J. D. Ellis has sold his fine quarter just south of town to Harry Muir for $1,000. Mr. Ellis hav ing removed to Duluth, was desirous of parting with his property here, and says that he did so too quick, as he has been offered a large advance since selling. Mr. Muir has secured a splendid quarter at a very cheap figure. The difference between Dakota's wheat crop for 'OO and '91 is shown by an ex ample in' Sargent county, where one farmer raised 600 bushels last year and 7,000 this year on the same land. Griggs Courier: It will take a train of fifty cars to ship Rollin C. Cooper's bar ley crop. How is that for just one farmer? One Barnes county farmer will have 100,0U0 bushels of wheat this year. Cars Tor Individual Shippers. With a view to ascertaining what fa cility the Northern Pacific Railway offi cials wonld extend to private shippers of wheat, the Dawson Standard addressed a letter to S. L. Moore, general freight agent, St. Paul, and received in reply the following circular of general instructions to agents for the distribution of cars at stations for loading grain, and to ship pers. To meet such reasonable demands as may be made for cars for the shipment of grain, and to secure a reasonably just and equal distribution of cars, ths following rules will be enforced 1. In distributing cars to stations for grain loading, they will be distributed according to the average daily shipments from such stations. 2. In distributing cars to shippers for grain loading at stations, agents will first fill each shippers order, one car to each. After this is [done, the balance of cars will be distributed among shippers ac cording to the amount of gram in sight for shipment by each shipper. 3. Parties desiring to load grain on track will receive cars and will be al lowed for loading twenty-four hours from the time car is set on side track, to com plete loading and furnish shipping di rections. In case shipper fails to com plete loading or furnish shipping direc tions within the twenty-four hours, then in such case, the railway company will collect upon euch cars $3.00 rental each for every day or part of a day which such cars are delayed after the twenty four hours. 4. Agents must keen an aocurate rec ord of all applications for cars for grain shipment. The name of applicant, exact date and hour of application, and also when car will be required. Where there is no agent, applicants must apply at the nearest station where the company has *$J|[ pf® '$ an agent. As it is not practicable for agents to give notice to applicants as to time of arrival of cars applied for at the station, applicants must therefore inform themselves and be prepared to load the cars promptly on arrival. Shippers should furnish shipping directions as soon as car is set, and before they com mence loading, that there may be no de-' lays in forwarding cars. The Alliance Hail Losses. The business of the Alliance Hail In surance Department is over for the season, although a loss was reported in Steel county on the 19th inBt. The total losses adjusted for this year are 838,• 678.76. The company had patrons and losses in every county in the state where wheat was giown except Traill county. The insurance of 25 cents an acre pro yiaed for a total loss not to exceed 88.00 per acre. The manager of the company believes they will be able to pay nearly in full all adjusted losses, which have been but partial in most cases. The crops of the State will permit the pay ment of premium notes, and collections of that character are already coming in. The expenses of the company for the season foot up between 88,000 and 89,000. Last year the losses exceeded the assets, the former being 866,000 and the latter $61,000 without counting expenses. The old notes taken for last year's losses will in many jases be paid this year and the old unpaid losses settled for as fast aB the notes are paid. This years' business is kept distinct from last seasons, and on the whole is believed will turn out satis factory. The greatest loss occurred in Barnes and Cass counties during a heavy hail storm that visited that portion of the 6tate. Matrimonial. The wedding of two young people well known in Jamestown and vicinity occur red yesterday at Eekelsou. The con tracting parties are Frank S. Eddy, son of County Commissioner Eddy, and Har ri9t L. Young. Rev. Sangree performed the ceremony, which was witnessed by relatives and a few intimate friends. Af ter the wedding the party was driven to Jamestown where last evening an in foimal gathering of the friends of the happy couple met at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Eddy to celebrate the event and to extend to the bride and groom hearty congratulations. As Captain of the Jamestown Company of National Guards the groom has proved a popular and capable officer, and as a mark of esteem the members of that or ganization presented to Captein Eddy and bride a very handsome combination secretary and writing desk of antique oak. There were numerous presents and remembrances of the pleasant events many of them of substantial and usefo character. The newly married couple will shortly begin housekeeping on their farm near the city. W ill Increase the Taxes, The state board of equalization have made the following changes in assess ment of personal property, as returned by the county assessors. When the pro perty owners come to pay their taxes they will find out just what it means. In some cases the rate is reduced, but in most instances increased. The following are the changes made: Horses under 3 years old reduced 15 per cent. Horses 3 years old and over increased 35 per cent. Cattle under 2 years old reduced 15 per cent. Cows 2 years old and over reduced 15 per cent. All other cattle 2 years old and over raised 10 per cent. Mules and asses of all ages raised 15 per cent. Sheep reduced 40 per cent. This was done so as to equalize the same class of property in this county with property in other counties in the state. The effect will be to raise the taxes on personal property in the county. Dr. Keeley's Opinion. Dr. Keeley, who is becoming famous for successfully treating the liquor habit by the bi-chloride of gold treatment, is quoted as follows on the subject of pro hibition: "I do not think prohibition will ever obtain in the United States. It is im possible to control the liquor traffic. Therefore I think light wines and beer drinking ought to be encouraged as mat ter of government policy in America and England. Alcholic drinking is not a vice, it is a disease. This is the way 1 regard it, and for that reason I treat it as a disease with better success than has been obtained at auy time in the world's history. You can neither wipe out drunkenness by preaching nor by mak ing laws." Wanted—2,000 pounds butter. Strong & Chase.