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ELECTRIC LIGHT POWER.
Furnished by the Artesian Wells in the James River Valley. Electrical Plants Economical ly Run.—The Supply In exhaustible. Tbe idea of using artesian wells as a means of developing power for manufac turing purposes, scouted at as visionary but recently, has been demonstrated to be not only practicable but profitable. Tbe artesian well basin in the Dakotas which has been tapped by many wells proves that a valuable and reliable water power can be obtained, and from all indications will continue eo for years to come. In South Dakota, at Redfield and Cham berlain, power from artesian wells is used to run electric light plants and tiour mills as well as affording ample lire pro tection. The Chicago Street Railway Review, speaking of the utilization of the power from artt sian wells for the running of electrical plants, states that there are good reasonB for thinking that the supply is practically inexhaustible. These reasons are based both on the theories advanced by the United States government geologists and ou observed facts in connection with tho sinking of wells. The government theory is founded on the fact that the same stratum in which the water is found outcrops in the bed of the upper Missouri and Yellow stone rivers, and at tbe base of the Rocky mountains. The water, sinking in this porous stratum of rock, follows it for hundreds of miles, until tapped by the South Dakota wells. It has long been believed that there is more water in the Missouri river above the Great Falls than there is thirty miles below. For twenty-five or thirty miles below the falls the river bed is composed of the same sand formation which the South Dakota wells get their water. If this theory is correct, as it probably is, the supply of water to these wells may be looked upon as inexhaustible—at least as much so as the sources of our Rocky mountain streams. Auother fact that would point strongly to the truth of this theory is that during the June rise in the upper Missouri river the pressure in tbe wells rises. No diminution in pressure has been noticed in any of the wells in the district. The city well at Redfield has been down seven years. Its pressure has been constant, although numerous other wells have since been sunk at no great distances from it. This well fur nishes a direct pressure system of water works, supplying all the domestic needs of the city. The closed pressure of this well is 177 pounds. About a mile and a half distant from Redfield is another well, used for run ning an electric light plant and for irri gation. A description of this well will suffice to give a fair idea of all. It is 1,000 feet deep, and inches in diameter from top to bottom. When closed, the pressure is 165 pounds. When allowed to flow freely through the 6 inch pipe it yields 2,127 gallons per minute and rises to a height of sixteen feet in tbe air. When tbe water is escaping through a 2 inch pipe the well pressure is 128 pounds and with a 2 !.j inch opening, 95. From this it is estimated that with a 4 foot Pel ton wheel 80 horse power would be developed with a 2 inch opening, and 100 horse jtower with a 2% inch. With the plain undershot wheel at present in place, 50 horse power is developed, and it is calculated that about 15 more is available with it. Tbe flow is absolutely steady. This well cost about 83,000. At Chamberlain a 150-barrel flour mill and light plant, formerly run by steam, is now using "well power." These two plants were started in September, 1803. At Huron a well is about to be sunk by the city for electric lighting purposes. The first electric light plant in South Dakota run from a well is at Melette, a town of 400 inhabitants. It is safe to say that very few plants in tbe world are doing a paying business in eo small a place. This plant is thriving, however, and has connected ten 4-ampere arcs and 15016-oandle power iucandesoents. The well is only inches in diameter from fop to bottom, but it operates besides the electrio light plant a flour mill, which grinds 150 barrels of flour a day and fifty bushels of feed per hour. This work would require an engine of 40 horse power. The well is 910 feet deep. Its pressure when closed is 178 pounds. The How is 1,G00 gallons per minut-. It does not require a vivid imagination to see the possibilities of the James river valley. Electrio railways are al ready being considered, to connect farms and small villages with larger jjftilroa^ towns. As regards the eoonomy of this power over steam there is no question. 'Considering that the water is used for ^jrigation it is probably the cheapest power for use in small quantities in the world. The outlay for an 80 horse power well is. as was seen, about $3,000, tbe interest on which would be 82.25 per horse power per annum. This with the interest and depreciation on the water wheel is the only expense for primary motive pcwer, aside from labor. A $300 or $400 building gives the wheel and dynamo a good shelter. The repairs to a water wheel ought to be almost zero and the skill of the men employed for attendance does not begin to be that re quired in a steam plant. A DIVIDEND DECLARED. Comptroller Announces 15 Per Cent Payment for Lloyd's Depositors. From Friday's Daily. Receiver Johnson learnea today that Comptroller Eckles had declared a dividend for the depositors of the Lloyds bank, the amount of the same being 15 per cent. This money will be obtainable as soon as proper schedules can be made out and sent to Washington and the checks returned to this place for distri bution. The receiver will at once begin work on tho lists for this purpose and probably forward the same tomorrow night. It will then take about eight days before the money can be received here. This dividend will be quite wel come at this time Jamestown and the amount is a little more than the deposi tors of the bank have beeu in hopes of receiving as their tiret payment. It is understood that the dividend has been declared from moneys collected from the assets of the bauk, the sale of the bonds, at a handsome premium, held by tho government to redeem the bank's cur rency circulation, and that none of the stockholders have been assessed for this purpose, as yet. The -1 per cent bonds held by the treasurer of the United States in the amount of §25,000, have been withdrawn and sold by the comptroller and at $1.12, the amount realized, brought- 328,000. Of this sum $22,500 has been applied to redeem the circulation of the Lloyds National bank, leaving the sum of $5,500 to the credit ot the depositor?. Of this sum $3,000 was from premium on the bonds ami interest, and $2,500 the dif ference between the face of tbe bonds and tbe amount of currency issued. A Wheat Wind Scheme. The following wheat raising plan, which promises well in tbe premises and tbuniers roundly in tbe ladex, is sug gested by the Fargo Forum: Suppose every wheat raiser in North Dakota, instead of seeding wheat next spring, should buy now 10,000 bushels or —or what ne expected to raise for sale next fall? He can bny July wheat now for 05 cents at Duluth. A ten cent margin on 10,000 bushels is $1,000, or a 10 per cent margin is $050. Can he reach July for less cash outlay if he seeds? By margining he saves all trouble of seeding, harvesting and anxiety. The same amount of gram he hopes for at harvest time, is to his credit in the elevator already, insured and in spected and cared for. Don't seed a bushel of wheat, but on his farm put in potatoes, cabbage, oats, barley, rye and other roots and cereals. Would not the lack of wheat seeded tend to enhance the price of wheat, and in that way insure a sure return for the margined wheat now in store? Of course every farmer should put in a little patch, bufficient for bis own use—but not a bushel to sell. The only question is the stability of the com mission house with whom you put up margins. If the house is financially sound it would seem to be a dead sure winner to margin July or "year" wheat —for you cannot raise 10,000 bushels and get it to market without putting up more money than you would to bny at present prioes for delivery next fall. Of course a few doing this might not effect the market, but all JNorth Dakota farm ers uniting—it would seem to be a dead sure winner. The greatest difficulty with the above is that the farmers have not the neces sary #050 or 91,000 to go into the scheme. The Fargo Fire. Early Sunday morning Fargo had another destructive fire which started in the new Citizen's bank block, on Broad way, and from there spread to the other offices and rooms in the block. Tbe de partment store of Ike Herbst & Co., is a complete wreck. Very little salvage will result, but there was some 318,500 insur ance. Mr. Herbst is a former well known Jamestown resident. Tbe Odd Fellows hall was considerably damaged by water, likewise tbe ceiling and fixtures in the Citizens National bank. The bank building is valued at $30,000 and was damaged to the amount of 815,000. Sterns' olothing was con siderably damaged by smoke and water. The origin of the fire is a mystery, but is supposed to have originated in a defective heating apparatus. The Grand Forks News beads its "Nubs of News" column with tbe sen tence "Psbs the boiled water, please VOL XVII JAMESTOWN, NORTH DAKOTA. THURSDAY JANUARY 25 1894 DISEASE BREEDING WATER. Probable Cause of the Sick ness and Deaths at Grand Forks. The Situation Grown Desper ate.—Nurses Needed for the Sick. JAMESTOWN WEEKLY ALERT. The Qrand Forks News says the epi demic in that city, from which many have died, and hundreds have been and are now sick, is caused by the untiltered ooze of Red Lake river, used as water for drinking and cooking purposes. Red Lake river flows into the Red river from Minnesota. Its course is through a low country consisting largely of marsh and bog. Crookston is on the stream and the people of that city who have been using the water are also afllicted with the epidemic there being many cares of sickness, and numerous deaths. The News says that every juryman and every party that attended a recent term of court and inhaled the foul poisonous air and drank the Crookston iilth is sick or dead. The same paper of the 18th inst., contained notices of tho deaths and sick ness of over thirty persons, many of them adults. Mortality among the child ren is particularly great it appears. Dr. Weir, one of the prominent physi cians of Fargo, says that the cause of the epidemic at Grand Forks, is, in his opin ion, a serious matter that should be looked into at once for the protection of other cities. It is certainly a contagious disease which the state board of health should investigate. The superintendent of the board of health at Fargo has made an investigation of the water used by the people of that city and recommends that it be boiled before further use. He states that the old theory that freezing water purifies it, has long since been exploded. The Red river ice used for cooking and drinking should by all means be boiled before using. People in Jamestown who use the artesian water, of course, are protected from any germ of disease from thnt source, but there are undoubtedly many impurities in the well water in many of the surface wells of the city. Grand Forks' Affliction. Sheriff Fadden and wife of Grand Forks spent Sunday in the city, tbe sheriff bringing a patient to the asylum. Tbe situation at Grand Forks, where so many people are siok and where so many deaths have occurred, was freely discus sed by Sheriff Fadden. He stated that affairs there were becoming desperate and that many people were leaving the city for fear of their lives. He didn't think it was right to longer attempt to conceal the true state of affairs. He stated that the people of Grand Forks needed assistance in the matter of nurses and that a great many efforts had been made recently to get skilled nurses for the sick. The physicians were about worn out and could only pet a little sleep by locking themselves in their rooms, where people could not find them. Sheriff Fadden stated that he knew of one block in the city where there were thirty persons sick. Saturday there were six funerals and six persons lying dead awaiting burial. It is said that under takers are making 8200 to 3300 a day. It seems that the same general symp toms prevail in every case where the epidemic manifests itself. There are pains felt in tbe back, which afterwards extend to the back of the neck and soon thereafter the patient is generally deler ious. With children the disease is especially fatal. The cause of the trouble is undoubtedly due to the impurities of the drinking water used in the city. Examination made of same by experts has shown that it is little better than sewerage. Physicians from St. Paul have endeavored to determine the nature of the disease and their opinion is that it is a form of winter cholera. Cholera, of course, is due to bacteria. Everybody in Grand Forks is now boiling tbe water used. Many are using mineral water purchased elsewhere. A great many people would leave the city but are unable to get away. The Herald states that the crisis has passed, and that many are convalescent, but there is no doubt that hundreds are sick and many deaths can yet be expected. Left Without a Dollar. Mrs. Fred Wilson, whose husband was employed as cook at the Capital house until recently, arrived from Moorhead Saturday. She says Wilson deserted her and left her without support or means of any kind, and she is also in delioate con dition. Wednesday last, Wilson and wife left this place for Moorhead, the woman having a check for $48, as pay ment for her services at the Capital boose, and Wilson also carrying with him considerable money, as wages he had earned. The mayor of Moorhead sent the woman back to this place giving her tbe necessary rail road fate. An effort was made to secure her work at the hotels and boarding houses, but without avail. She was married in June last. She says her recreant husband got into a game of some kind at Moorhead, lost all his money, and then came an^ took what she had saved, before disappearing. She was given transportation to Minneapolis where she expects to find friends. She says she has a mother and brother in Chicago. Her short experience in matri mony iB by no means encouraging, and she left expressing her opinion of the man Wilson in good round terms. IN IMMIGRATION'S BEHALF. Editor Smalley West Bound on His Annual Write-up Trip. The business car of the Northwest Magazine conveying Editor E. V. Smaliey and assistant, arrived Tuesday and was visited by numerous friends of Mr.Smalley.'Ihe car is west bound on the annual business trip aud will visit some n«w country before returning. Mr. Smahoy said to an Alert reporter: "We are troiug west to look up the results of new immigration iu the Yakima valley in eastern Washington. The irri gation company that ha3 been supplying water to reclaim the. lands along the Yakima river sells unreclaimed land with perpetual water right for about 810.00 an acre, with an additional rent of SI.50 an acre for water. This, however, makes a sure crop for the farmer, and one man can make a good living in cultivating an acre or two in hops, fruit and alfalfa. We are much interested in tbe enter prise and expect to see great results from it. "In Montana I hear that quite a num ber of men have found work in the old gold placer mines that have been long abandoned. They can make a dollar or two per day in re-washing what formerly did not pay. owing to higher cost of liv ing. J'bey tell me there is room for 10, 000 men in Montana washing gold from the old runs, and that they can earn or dinarily from 81.50 to $2.00 a day at it. "I am glad to hear that there :s a more general U6e of your native coal in North Dakota. Did you ever hear of the plan of using chopped straw or hay pressed tightly, in connection with crude petroleum for fuel? I have wondered why a preparation of this kind, could not be made a success, and every farmer have his own fuel iu his straw stacks with the addition of the petroleum preparation. "\VTe will be absent two or three months on this trip, stopping at Mon tana points and visiting the western portion of the Great Northern road that 1 have not yet seen." Miles of Snow Fences. Recently the Northern Pacific has been constructing and placing in position about four and a half miles of portable snow fence in sixteen foot sections, along the line of the Fargo & Southwestern branch. This fence, which is constructed of boards six inches in width, fastened to 2x6s, costs the company to build aud place in position about $550 per mile. When not in use the fencing is piled up until next needed or maybe carried to a new scene of usefulness. In the early days of this division there were at one time nearly 100 miles of snow fence be tween Fargo and Mandan. This amount has been reduced from time to time until there are at present but 58 miles and 41 feet of permanent fence and from 10 to 15 miles of portable fence. Where necessity demands, two and three lines of fence are required to fully pro tect the line from drifting snow, which partially accounts for the large amount. Many miles of tbe fence are annually done away with by excavating the rail road cuts to a slope ot one foot perpen dicularly to ten feet horizontally. This gives the winds free access and no oppor tunity for the lodgement of snow. As this work is expensive it is done only as the funds appropriated for this purpose will permit. District Court. The court room was about deserted today. The Alford divorce suit was closed last night, an far as the introduc tion of depositions was concerned, and the final arguments postponed until a future date. Stenographer Ed Rose is busy tran scribing his notes, taken some time ago in the Patch case at New Rockford. which may indicate that tbe case will be appealed. A good sized colony of Dunkards. from Indiana, is booked to take up land in Ramsey county early in March. They were induced to come to the state by efforts of the Great Northern's emigra tion agents. OF STATE INTEREST. School Laws of the State to be Had in Convenient Form. Unfair Newspaper Criticism About a Useful School Publication. The officers and members of the state administration have expected that their work would be subject to a great deal of newspaper criticism and unfair com ment. This expectation, it seems, has been realized quite fully. One instance of this is shown in the statement made by the Casselton Republican and copied by other papers, among them the Capital, who are seeking to discredit the admin istration by any kind of means. The particular criticism referred to in this case is. that the state superintendent of public instruction has caused to be printed the school laws of t.he 6tate at an "enormous expense." Tne reckless statement is also made, that "this piece of extravagance goes to swell the other numerous outrages that this administra tion has perpetrated on the taxpayers of the state." As a matter of plain fact the superin tendent of public instruction shows that the publication of the school laws is made necessary at least once in two years, by the law itself. In addi tion to the requirement above men tioned. which is found on page 24, section 10 of the general school laws of the stato, tne supply of school laws left from 1801 was very nearly exhausted, if the new laws had not been printed it would have been necessary to have had the entire edition of 1801 laws leprinted. The two chapters of the 1891 law regarding school lands were entirely changed by the last legislature and condensed into one, so that it would have been impracticable to have incorporated the changes in the new law in the old laws, or in any other form than the pamphlet which has been gotten out. The publication which has roused the ire of the newspapers referred to, is in reality a valuable assistance to every school and school officer in the state, and to everyone interested in scbook and school lands. It is a document well worth the preparation and Binall cost. All the laws of the state referring to the public schools, to the educational insti tutions, and to the school and public lands appropriated for use of schools, are given in convenient form and easy for reference. The laws relating to school districts, to school bonds, taxes, special laws, X-c., are taken from the mass of the state laws and put in shape where any one can readily turn to them. In addi tion to the work being required by law. it seems to have been well done. The importance of the school interests to every connty in the state certainly ad mits of the collection of the laws in a pamphlet form, which can be had bv every school officer the state, without cost. Steele Ozone: Last Saturday the Benjamin house at Dawson was sold un der foreclosure proceedings. It was bid in by John Rockafellow for 82,300. The building was built, in 1882 at an outlay of nearly $30,000, and is one of tbe largest in the state. It was constructed by F. W. Benjamin, late judge of Kidder coun ty, and was the means of breaking him financially. Tbe Benjamin house is in the shape of an E, with three full stories all around, painted and hard finished throughout, and was furnished in most expensive style. It was a bad financial move similar to that at Hope in Steele county. Rev. D. E. Baldwin, of (ihurchs Ferry, was acquitted of the charges and com plaints against him at the church trial at Minnewaukan. last week. The charges were of a very petty character and first appeared in the Benson County News. Editor Garver, who was one of the com plaining witnesses, comments on the re sult as follows: "We make a few notes ou the testimony given at the trial and then drop the case, perfectly willing to leave it in the hands of the All Wise One whose judgement is infallible and who will some time render a just and right eous judgement in the case." Rev. Bald win is not the minister who formerly was pastor of the Methodist church at this place. The Milton Globe says that John Bid lake, who was superintendent of Midway Plaisance at the World's fair, was given by exhibitors the finest collection of photographs and foreign curiosities that was made at the World's fair. Bidlake was very popular with all exhibitors. He has just been appointed United States consul at Barranquilla, the post formerly occupied by Johnson Nickeus. The Churchs Ferry Sun issued a cred NO 26 itable descriptive paper, last week, con taining much interesting special matttr about the town and surrounding coun try. There is not a vacant etore or houee in the village. Four hundred and fifty thousand bushels of wheat were shioped from the station last year. The bank deposits run from $25,000 to $50,000. During the latter part of March there will be leased in LaMoure county, 27,369 acres of school lands. Lands appraised at less than 85 per acre will be leased for a period of live years. But 1,045 acres, out of the total amount to be leased, are under cultivation. FIGURES FOR COMPARISON. Cost of Sewerage Work Re cently Completed at Fargo. The Fargo Argus gives the length and total cost of nine different sewer exten sions in that city which recently have been completed. The figures are espec ially interesting at this season in view of the contemplated sewer construction in this city. The size and shape of the extensions are not given, but the aver age price will give an approximate idea of tbe cost of the work here, 042 feet cost 61.00 per foot 2.454 feet, 62 04 3.130 feet. $1.39: 2,005 feet, $1.30 1,407 feet, $1.34 1,847 feet, 81.40 372 feet, 81.12 4G0 feet .91.08, and 810 feet, 61.33. The average total cost per lineal foot to the abutting property owners of the 13,15*3 feet of sewer is 61.42 —ranging from 61.00 per foot to 82.04 per foot. This average price compares very favorably with the prices given by Eng ineer jLoweth for the cost of the con struction of 4.150 feet of sewer here. At the average price of $1.42 per foot the cost will be 85.S93. Mr. Loweth's figures are £5,993, to which he adds ten per cent for engineering, etc.. expenses which may be too large. NOTES OF THE RAIL. From Monday's Daily. G. S. Fernald, for three years tax com missioner of the Northern Pacilic, has been appointed special counsel of the road, in aduiticn to the duties as tax commissioner. Mr. Fernald has been with the company ten years. Agent Spurling is in Oakes today on a short business trip. This is his old scene of labors where for eight or nine years he acted in the capacity as joint agent for the Northern Pacific and Chicago Northwestern railways. This afternoon at two o'clock occurs the funeral at Dickinson of W. A. Mc Cloy who for several years was chief dis patcher for Supt. Phelan. Death was the result of peritonitis, aftei a short illness. Mr. McCloy was one of the most efficient clerks along the line of the road andoneof theoldest employeeson theoli Missouri division. Since tbe consolida tion of the Yellowstone and Missouri divisions Mr. McCloy has been in the hardware business at Dickinson. He leaves a wife. It is stated among the Northern Pa cific trainmen at St. Paul, that there will be no cut in their wages at least for the month of January. The cut was to go into effect this month, but pending the consultation between the receivers and the court, on the recent consultation be tween the receivers and the men. it is the report that the matter will stand as it was. and go over January. The train men are anticipating an order from the general manager's office to this effect. The effects of the wiud storm of yes terday are felt today in railroad circles. The rotary snow plow was sent up tbe Jamestown V: Northern this morning, proceeding the regular train. The snow drifted on the track behind the plow so fast that it was thought best to hold the trains at Leeds for the day and send them down tomorrow behind the plow. The Fargo Southwestern branch was in pretty good condition today, not with standing the storm, and this morning a wedge plow was sent over that line to clear the track. The trains made the trip both wavs. The main line is free from drifted snow and no trouble was experienced on the Valley branch. Claim Agent Taylor has settled all the claims against tbe company, arising from the accident to the Iowa hunting party, on the Jamestown Northern branch, last fall, with one exception. This is the claim of a physician, and tbe most serious of all. His spine was in jured more than at first known, and it is said that he will be permanently de formed in the shoulders. This claim could have been settled for *1,000. at one time, but $2,000 are now asked, owing to the more serious nature of the injury sustained. The accident has cost the company some $0,000, and the mishap could have been avoided had the road bed been laid witbj^ud ties. Wv t' ft: i! i-u