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The Jamestown Alert.
DAILY (EXCEPT SUNDAY) & WEEKLY THURSDAY, JANUARY 25, 1894. S The Daily Alert Is delivered in the city by c» rJors, ai 50 ccrts a month. iteily, one year #H Ofl Daily, s«ix months 8 00 Daily, three months 1 50 Weekly, ouu year 00 W««klr. six months 1 00 W. R.KELLOGG. CONGRESSMAN REED gave a very clear statement, in a recent apeeob, of what, in bis opinion, will bring about a wider market for American manufacturers. He was controverting what he called the democratic idea, that the home market had about reached its limit, and that American manufacturers must go to the ends of the earth, for additional business, competing with lower civilized nations, and cheaper labor. Reed first observed that the arresting of industries today showed that wages and business were not dependant on the law of supply and demand. In this Reed is right. There is an enormous demand for produots of all kinds and there is a vast supply in the form of unemployed labor and manufao tnred products yet the demands are not satisfied and the vast supplies go beg ging for purchasers. Mr. Reed might have gone into detail and shown that prices of labor, of wheat, corn, cotton, silver, materials of all kinds, goods, and merchandise, are all low for the same reason, and this is that the medium of exchange is insufficient to complete the transactions which demand and supply are constantly trying to effect and which when consumated make the happiness and progress of the people or other words, that the money instru ment, the necessary third party to our business transactions, is" wanting, and that congress is^responsible for it. More currenoy is the only key to un lock the jail of the present evils, evils that congress is pretending to correct, and which have arisen from Mr. Reed's own vote, together with others, on the currency question. Reed deplores the very result he is partly responsible for, yat ascribes the cause to something else. Reed makes a clever partisan argu ment, but he does so for the purpose that actuates all the leading men of the old parties who have great ambitions and personalj aspirations. Tom Reed knows why men are idle and business is sick, but his partisanship, and place as a leader of a party, controlled by the machinery of politics, will not permit him to tell the whole truth and plead for the right remedy. In continuing his^remarks on the means of enlarging the markets he well stated that it was ihe growth of intelli gence, the creation of new desires and wants, onjtha part of the laboring popu lation, that forced markets, and enlarged them. Labor unions stimulated these desires, added to the 'knowledge of the members and pointed out their rights. Unions also'made manufacturers under stand that higher wages must be paid and men given leisure for other things—for education, and the enjoyment of the privileges of life. This human tendancy to change conditionsjfor the better,]was the chief means of enlarging markets—of increas ing new wants and new inventions made it possible for the manufacturer to meet these wants, to produce'in abundance, and to give the American laborer the boons he asks for. The public seeks lower prices and the workmen higher wages and shorter hours. Reed could well have enlarged upon this subject, to^tha credit of his intelh gence, and honesty £of belief. But be appeared to think it a finer thing to dwell on the charge, that in the struggle, the democrats were] willfully] trying to force our working population into con tact with a lower civilization and fewer privileges, and the only.'possible way to prevent this was through the] political machine he was running with. He may in a certain bense be right, but if PO it is oniy bv mistaken judg ment, that men like Reed should correct, instead of trying to perpetuate for par tisan advantage. The time has come when clear headed tten of Reed's stamp can afford to drop their partisanship in question** where a political view alone is anjaffront to the •telligence and honesty of the country, and a stumbling block to those seeking to get the right remedv with sincerity and good faith. Tne Alert has an intense respect for Mr. Reed's real opinions. In the Minne apolis convention he made a short speech, compressing into a few words the gist for a platform of the great party he is a member of.He said, "Wealth and prosperity are admirable, progress and enterprise grand, but human liberty is magnificent." It was the best sentiment expressed in the convention. He meant by liberty, the rights of men and women, which a just government, in the hands of liberal and honest men in these days of progress and education ought to farnisb, bat which the times now prove the people do not receive. The Alert regrets to see Reed incasing his opinions in the mummy-olotb of partisanship. The other is the path for him, which leads to a reward. THE world knows that the gold reserve in the treasury, now about $70,000,000, is below what it usually is. It also knows that this amount of gold dollars is, by virtue of a fiction of finance, held to redeem $346,000,000 of greenbacks and 8150,000.000 of silver certificates. How 11K), or 70, or 50 millions of gold is going to do this, if called on, is not plain. Yet. Carlisle says we must keep the 100 million reserve up or the govern ment. oredit may become impaired. This is brilliant finance for the leaders of the nation to teach. As far as re deeming our other money goes, 50 mil lions of gold is as effective as 70 millions, and none at all is equivalent to 100 mil lions for the purpose. Although the authority for issuing bonds under the present acts of congress, to pay expenses of the government, is questionable, Carlisle has decided to do so, and the offer of many millions of bonds bearing 5 per cent interest, which the people must pay for many years, to get the use of the money from the capi talist class of the country, is daily ex pected. The issue of bonds recalls the necessi ties of war times. This prosperous country has drifted, after a quarter of century of industry, peace, and good crops, into financial straits that are usu ally accounted for by long war.pestilence, 'amine, or some great national disaster. The government has steadily out off the volume of the nation's money has re fused to use silver as money it refuses to issue its notes or bills, authorized by the constitution, and which can as well be used for money as bonds and the in terest saved it persists in forcing the people into a sharp struggle for exist ence, by contracting the currency steadi ly and rapidly. Bonds mean more wheat, corn, cotton and merchandise at lower prices, to pay for the money they bring from hiding. The people bear heavier burdens each year, to get the simple medium of ex change for their wants. The government is being run in the interests of the few, and the many toilers, the patient mass of the population, stand by and wonder why times are not better, and that work is so scarce. The new bonded debt, which the daily press calls a tender name, in referring to it as a "popular loan," will mostly be taken up by the men who have accumu lated millions in legalized exactions, although the denominations of the bonds may be in smaller amounts for the alleged purpose of letting people of mod erate means invest in them. The peo ple of small means are not looking for investments of savings they are, in many thousands of cases, spending their savings for a living while seeking work. The silver repeal has not relieved the country the tariff reform policy, ex pressed in the Wilson bill, cannot cre ate more money, or get what there is now idle into circulation the issue of bonds means more tribute from the peo ple for no extra advantages and no new prosperity the patient cannot be cured by plasters and quack prescriptions. Oniy a large increase in the money for tbe country's use—a remedy that the constitution expressly provides for, and which it is the duty of congress to give —can bring back what has been lost. IX IS said that Cleveland is very sore over the defeat of Hornblower's confirm ation Cleveland did everything to win. He tested his strength against tbe senate and this time lost. The correspondents at Washington tell frpnkly how the case was fought, and incidentally bow legis lation of a national importance is made the sport of the whims and fancies of tbe president, or congressmen. Numer ous senators showed a determination to defeat Hornblower, and the fight led by Hill of New York gathered force from quarters that ordinarily would be friend ly to a president. There was no real ob jection to Hornblower. He would have made a good judge. Cleveland changed 6 votes, it is currently reported, by pat ronage in fact used all his influence to gel his appointee confirmed. He changed Senators Berry, Ransom, Blackburn, Brice, Caffrey and Butler. Four of these are seeking re-election and every post ofiice they could get, helped. The personal fortunes of senators, who cliug to that job with death-like grips, when once in power, are greater than any legislation or the interests of the country. The repeal of tbe Sherman law demon strated that the welfare of the nation is a trifle in comparison to tbe value of the personal fortunes of senators. The whole of public business is largely moulded, if reports are true, by Che exigencies of congressmen's re-elections. Tbe people of the nation have turned over the gov ernment to men who do not care or, who do not realize tbe responsibilities their positions entail, and they pursue tbe business of keeping themselves in politi cal positions the same as they would con duct a private commercial business. The defeat of Hornblower uncovers some of the secrets of congress. It is even said that important public interests in the tariff bill, among them tbe duty on ooal, was made the subject of an agreement in tbe Hornblower vote, which will vitally affect vast interest* and on account of the caprice of senators in defeating a presidential nomination. The result of this debasement of legis lation to private interests will be felt adversely in the country—isfelt that way now. The people have entrusted their rights of government aid and protection to a class of men who have in these, modern times, few motive* of action ex cept to retain themselves in places of profit. There is no issue that the people can decide upon, that seems sure to be carried out in a modern congress, and without the propositions are distinctly voted on before election, the country is no longer sure of obtaining tbe legisla tion tbe majority of the people desire. It was not that way once. ONI: of tbe special defenders of the farmers' interests in the house of .repre .sentatives, is Congressman Boen of Min neeota. He is a farmer himself he raises wheat and knows the toil necessary to get along on a farm, under present con ditions. In a recent speech on the tariff Congressman Boen called attention to tbe fact that all the members of tbe farmer's family worked, that the life was arduous, aud that its rewards were daily earned. With merchants, bankers, man ufacturers, miners, only the heads of families work, the members enjoying life in various ways. The farmer seldom becomes wealthy in tbe sense of the mil lionaire who piles up great fortunes in other occupations. Agriculture is the basis of national prosperity, yet tbe fol lowers of that business receive the poor est rewards. Besides, they pay tbe state and government expenses, feed the peo pie, and keep up the interest on tbe publio debt. The importance of the farmer in tbe community is illustrated in what he pro duces. In 1892 the farmers fed 66 mil lions of people in the United States and furnishedforexport agricultural products to tbe amount of 9793,717,676, while all other products exported were only $236, 560,534. And yet congress is talking about tbe farmer as an object of charity, while the great newspapers are working for the interests of speculators, manu facturers, monopolists, and parasites generally, forgetting or ignoring the fact that the commerce of tbe nation can be prosperous only when tbe first producers of wealth, the farmers, are prosperous. Nearly everything attempted in the way of legislation for farmers' interests is denounced as class legislation, when special laws cover tbe statute books for legislation in tbe interests of other classes of labor or trade. As Congress man Boen says, tbe laws give tbe bank ers control of tbe common currency the manufacturer the right to combine and ask a high price for machinery, tc. tbe common carrier tbe right to exact freight rates for "all the traffic will bear." The farmers have no redress the machinery of the courts is against him tbe execu tive is bound in the interests of other classes. The fear of tariff changes has not stopped manufacturing there are vast stocks of goods on hand that can not be 6old,—products of field, factory and workshop alike. Never was tbe price of commodities that make people comfortable and happy as low as now. The producing and consuming classes— the farmers of tbe country—have no money to buy with. Money is high in price —labor's products low. Money has been made high in price, artificially and by law: That is the cause of hard times, of present and future troubles. It is not tariff changes and government bond issues only add fuel to tbe flames. THB democratic state committee of Illinois is prodding Senator Palmer and tbe congressional delegation to get fed eral offices held by republicans, filled with faithful democrats. Not to do this, says tbe committee, is to retain dissen sions among tbe democrats and mar the harmonious action of the party, in tbe endeavor to maintain democratic princi ples. Cleveland will Bot move with the celerity that can only appease demo cratic impatience, and Senator Palmer is helpless to hand over tbe fruit that sus tains and keeps alive tbe principles of democracy—that cheers and often ine briates. To add to democratic impatience, it is known that there are 35 first, second and third class postoffices in Illinois retainei by republicans whose terms have expired, and ten times that num ber of fourth class offices. In Indiana there are twer.ty-six presidential offices held by republicans, whose terms have expired. Cleveland is obstinate and will not fill them. He believes tbe peo ple put into bis bands tbe disposition of the offices, and he will attend to them without tbe assistance of tbe politicians. THERE is a movement to organize bi metallic leagues throughout the country and many have already been formed The organization of these leagues is for tbe discussion of the currenoy question, and to advocate tbe return to tbe coin age of silver. Congress will Bpend the winter in debating other issues, such as the tariff, and tbe Hawaiian affair, but the people of the country will devote a portion of their time to tbe consideration of the real issue, and vote upon that at the next general eleotion. It has been truthfully stated that, "the silver ques tion is admittedly tbe paramount issue before tbe country at this time, and it stands so related to everything else that nothing can be settled till this question is fettled and settled rightly. The first question for the people to determine, therefore, is whether they will carry on business and pay debts and taxes by tbe single standard of gold, with tbe knowl edge before them that gold, as a money standard, is constantly increasing in value, or whether they will demand that the constitutional standard of gold and silver shall be restored." SPEAKINO of the increasing power of interest, and tbe proposed issue of government bonds to meet tbe present deficiency, Grand Master Workman Sovereign of tbe Knights of Labor, Bix Bays: "Recent authentic statistics prove that a sum of money equal to the entire cir culating medium of this nation must pass from the hands of tbe people of this nation into the coffers of the interest takers at least once every six months, and that means that on an average of every months the people must re bor row the money from the interest-takers with new securities. Thus the com pound Bystem grows, and if not checked it will absorb all wealth and leave the laborer in abject servitude. "Through tbis process more than any other, the rich are becoming richer and the poor poorer. No laboring man thinks for a moment that he escapes the burden. Idleness never paid a penny of debt. Labor produces tbe wealth, beautifies the earth and pays all interest, deb's and taxes, and it is the duty of labor through out the length and breadth of this nation to put its foot down so bard on the present scheme to increase tbe national debt that tbe very oapitol at Washington will tremble from its righteous protesta tions." THE Knights of Labor, by General Master Workman Sovereign, will enjoin the issue of any more government bonds and test the legality of the law. The issue of bonds by Carlisle for the pur pose of keeping up tbe $100,000,000 gold reserve, is shown to be a pretext, as far as any law requiring it is concerned. The offer of bonds in double the amount of tbe deficit in tbe so-called legal re serve, shows that the purpose of the bond issue is something other than to redeem government paper money in gold. There is no law providing for the 9100,000,000 reserve, in the first place. For its immediate necessities the gov ernment could use tbe silver in the treas ury, which is legal tender money, and not issue more interest bearing bonds, at all. But tbe Shy locks of the country are in the saddle and will have the gold bonds, with tbe pound of flesh denominated in them, and every provision securely made for the cutting it. THE statement is made from assessor's returns for 1893 that there are nearly 45, 000 less sheep in the state than in 1892, and that 50,000 have been shipped out Bince May, when tbe assessment was made. This decrease in sheep comes from tbe necessity of farmers selling their s^eep, from the loss of profit in raising them, and the discouragements incidental to the establishment of a comparatively new industry in the state, where the condi tions of its sucoess have to be learned by experience. Whether true or not, tbe majority of sheep growers believe that the future prospect for higher prices, under free wool is also very dubious, and this is likely to be another reason for the decrease in tbe sheep industry that was getting handsomely started in the state. Tbe low price of mutton, aa well as wool, have combined to render the raising of sheep in tbe northwest a source of doubt ful profit. THE southern democrats in congress are not likely to save the bounty on sugar. In order to raise money sugar is very liable to be included in tbe tariff bill with a tax on it. The people of the country want cheap sugar, and if they have to pay a tax on it, would sooner pay it to home manufacturers in a bounty than foreign sugar growers in a customs tax. But the people of the country would prefer to see the taxes on home products made higher on whisky, beer and tobacco than on such articles as sugar. The democrats, however, have tender corns that are in danger when it comes to taxing whisky and tobacco. The tax on whisky could be made almost any amount and the country not object. The quality of the whisky could not be much worse than the general run of it sold over bars, no matter whether the tax was 10 cents or 82 a gallon. IN AN interview in Minneapolis, Rail road Commissioner Stevens, who is regarded as one of tbe leading men in Ransom county, is quoted assaying that, in his opinion, it is not unlikely that the democrats and independents will join forces again tbis year, and he is sanguine that if such should happen, they would win. One of tbe objects of tbis fusion iB to get rid of Congressman Johnson, whose record on tbe silver question has antagonized the independents, and whose other record as a persistent office seeker has aroueed a common feeling among democrats, and many republicans, that tbe state is entitled to a new mem ber in congress. BANK EXAMINSR DIAMOND, who exam ined the Lloyds bank and reported to tbe department that the institution needed looking after, on account of a deficiency in its reserve, disoovered a 925,000 short age in Lead, 8. D., caused by the embez zlement of tbe cashier. The directors made tbe amount good, at onoe. The people who have lost by the Lloyds, wish that tbe examiner's investi gation of the bank here bad either been more tboroogb, or bis recommendations more promptly acted upon. It might bave saved tbe loss of thousands to peo ple who ean ill afford to loae the savings of years. THE New York World is loudly de manding that Attorney General Olney resign. He is the attorney of numerous railroad corporations, the whisky trust, and other big concerns, and at the Bame time is supposed to be prosecuting tbe railroad companies for their constant in fringement of the interstate commerce law, and enforcing tbe statutes against other trusts. When leading democratic papers like the World demand of Cleve land the head of a cabinet minister, and one of the most.important functionaries in the administration, there is good reason to believe that tbe reason for the same is ample. THE latest revised Blue Book shows that the District of Columbia, entitled to 55 government positions, has 3,348 West Virginia, entitled to 181, has 224 Virginia, entitled to 394, has 728 Ver mont, entitled to 79, has 108 New York, entitled to 1,576, has 1,416 New Hamp shire, entitled to 90, has 128 Nevada, en titled to 11, has 21 Maryland, entitled to 247, has 788 South Dakota, entitled to 78, has 60, and North Dakota, entitled to 43, has 22. There is suoh a discrepancy in tbe above that nearly any good demo crat not in it himself with a job, is en titled to demand an answer to the burn ing question—what is he a democrat for? ANOTHER tenor singer marries a famous woman, the brisk Lillian Russell, with the swashing and martial outside. A tenor singer seems to have the power of stirring the female emotions round and round. Dartrin explains how this is, on scientific gronnds, but the tenor singer seems to ignore science, or any single means of oonquest. He reaches for and juggles with art, poetry, magic, science, sound, optics, electric pushes, soulful solutions, chemic affinities—using them all in his business—and he knows his business. IN view of the Grand Forks epidemic of sickness tbe question of sanitary pre cautions for every North Dakota city is again brought to the front. The nature of the disease that prevails in tbe Red river city indicates beyond question the work of bacteria, transmitted by some means, probably by water taken into the system from wells or other sources of supply poisoned by accumulation of im purities. The sewerage and water of a city cannot be too closely guarded to protect the public health. THE Robt. Bums anniversary is never neglected in North Dakota, and this year the exercises promise to be more general than ever. The readers of Bobby Burns are million, because he sung the poetry of nature and frankly revealed bis heart unconcealed by fraud and guile. He said what he thought, and was the greatest pleader for chanty for others that poet rpnks have held. It is well to re-read the stirring sentiments of one who be lieved that "a man's a man, for a' that." CONGRESS paid 85,000 for the design of a World's fair medal, and the same can not now be used as one of the figures is in a state of nudity, very shocking to susceptibilities of congressmen. They desire a figure emblematical of the United States, but insist that it shall at least wear overalls. At present, the exact representation, would include a large size patch on the Beat of the pants and about one suspender. THE farmers of the country have no use for Mr. Morton, secretary of agricul ture, and tbe National alliance has asked him to resign from the adminis tration. Outside of Wall street, tbe country has little use for tbe remainder of the administration, and if the loss of confidence of the people means any thing, tbe other members of the admin istration might as well resign, too. A GOOD .many of the debating societies in the country districts of the state are discussing silver and currency problems occasionally, however, a great vista for literary and forensio talent, is opened up in the debate on a topic like the follow ing: Resolved, That the beauties of nature are more pleasing to the eye than the beauties of art. THE northwestern republican senators voted with the opposition to Hornblower. Senator Roach voted agaidst confirma tion, indicating that he does not liue up with Grover the Great, and that patron age crumbs are few and bard to get. THE Argus believes that if the govern ment will issue more bonds it will raise the price of wheat. Tbe silver repeal failed to do it, tbe tariff is not likely to. and now tbe issue of bonds is all tbe hope left. A DAVID B. HILL club of 1,000 mem bers is 9 new politioal feature of Chicago. In truth it will be up-Hill work to boost David into tbe White bouse. How's This! We offer one hunderd dollars reward for any ease of Catarrh that oannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. F. J. CHENEY Co., Props. Toledo, O. We, tbe undersigned, bave known F. J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be lieve him perfectly honorable in all busi ness trsnsactions and financially able to carry out any obligation made by their firm. West Truax, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo. O. Walding, Kinnan Marvin, Wholesale Druggists, Teledo, Ohio. O flail's Catarrh Cure is taken internally acting directly upon tbe blood and mu oous surfaces of tbe system. Prioe 75c. per bottle. Sold by all Druggists. Tes ii monals free. LIVELY AT WASHINGTON. Matters of National Interest J^iscuss^d by Leaders. A Darkey Yarn. A Bucking Broncho in the Democratic Ranks.—A Costly Dinner. There are some democratic congress men opposed to the Wilson bill. One of them is Congressman Sibley of Pennsyl vania. He has made two speeches kick-, ing over the traces. He is free and un trammelled in his political opinions and gives the managers lots of trouble by telling what he thinks. He is for silver coinage, and is an owner of fine stock and blooded horseB., The other night he said: "But when it comes to business, Mr. Chairman, I would not truat those fifteen lawyers on the ways and means committee to run tbe mule-end of my stock farm." Mr. Sibley said that when he stood in the house on the 18th of August last and voted with the minority against the repeal of tbe silver |bill the gentleman whose name the tariff bill bore predicted the dawn of a new era of prosperity. Nothing followed the pass age of the repeal bill but pauperism, poverty and ruin. Wilson made a bad mistake in bis diagnosis. He again pre dicts that tbe sun of prosperity will rise on tbe country when tbe pending tariff bill is passed. If the gentleman from West Virginia would lift the lid and look down to the bottom of bell it would look bright to him. (Laughter.) Sibley an nounced his willingness to give bis voice and vote for a revenue bill, but the pres ent bill was a hybrid—a cross between tbe hignest protection and the rankest free trade—and, like all hybrids, pos sessed all the vices of both parents with out the virtues of either. The present bill would cause a deficit of $75,000,000 a year. "I want to know what you are going to do to make up that deficit," said Mr. Sibly. He criticised very severely the action of Secretary Carlisle in issuing bonds to make good the exist ing deficit, and he declared that the American people were bondsmen until those bonds were all paid. And he did not consider that loan a temporary one, but year after year, he said, there would be a steadily increasing national debt. He saw no reason to expect the contrary until the tariff was arranged to provide the necessary revenue. It is unnecessary to eay that demo crats like Sibley make Cleveland and his party followers very tired, but they please the people just tbe same. The senate committee on agriculture has appointed as a subcommittee on tbe Russian thistle Messrs. Hansbrougb Roach and Peffer. The subcommittee has already gathered, together much in formation concerning the Russian thistle and will ask to have it printed as a docu ment. The committee hopes to be able to bring to the support of the bill appro priating a million dollars to suppress this pest, sufiicient testimony to prove to congress tbe immediate need of action on tbe part of the general government. Something or other reminded a south ern congressman of the following "coon" story, says tbe Washington Star: "A darkey preacher was sermonizing on the subject of the creation and endeavoring to explain the physical geography of the universe. 'De worl', brevren an' sis tern,' ho said, "is bo'ne on de hade an' shoulders of a great gi'nt. De gi'nt is standin' on a monstus rock, bigger dan any rock yo' ever see in all yo' life. De rock, hit's restin' on de outspread wings of a t'ritic big yeagle, which she is plantin' ber talents inter de back of a powerful big snake.' "Tbe preacher then dropped his figure of speech, and was about to resume con sideration of tbe awful future, when a doubting Thomas in the congregation arose to ask: 'Scuse me, Brov. Smith, but will yo' please tell me wha' dat snake res'in' at?' "That was too much for tbe preacher. With rage and contempt gleaming ID his eyes he drew himself up in tbe pulpit and exclaimed: 'Brov. Johnson, you'6e too cu'us. Yo' ten' to yo' own business and de snake'U ten' to hiB'sen.' And the pastor was not again interrupted in his discourse." President Cleveland gave his second state dinner the other day. There were present nearly all the foreign ministers and the occasion was an elaborate dis play of flowers, and expensive decora tions. Tbe wealth lavished ou tbe women's dresses and ornaments was es pecially notable. One of tbe socisl inci dents of the dinner was the novelty of the presence of Chinese lady of rank, as a guest. Sbt was tbe wife of the Chinese minister, Mr. Yang Yu, and is tbe first Chinese lady who has ever appeared in societjr, outside of her own legation home. Mrs. Yang Yu wore a oourt dress of dark blue satin, very richly embroidered i» gold, and she had on snfhing jewels, ear rings, finger rings and bracelets. In Olden Times People overlooked tbe importance of ptf manently beneficial effects and were sat isfied with transient aotioo but now that it is generally known that Syrap of Fig* will permanently on re habitual oonstips tion, well-informed people will not boy other laxatives, which aet for a time, bat finally injure tbe system. 1