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Jamestown weekly alert. [volume] (Jamestown, Stutsman County, D.T. [N.D.]) 1882-1925, January 25, 1894, Image 4

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The Jamestown Alert.
DAILY (EXCEPT SUNDAY) & WEEKLY
THURSDAY, JANUARY 25, 1894.
S
The Daily Alert Is delivered in the city by c»
rJors, ai 50 ccrts a month.
iteily, one year #H Ofl
Daily, s«ix months 8 00
Daily, three months 1 50
Weekly, ouu year 00
W««klr. six months 1 00
W. R.KELLOGG.
CONGRESSMAN REED gave a very clear
statement, in a recent apeeob, of what, in
bis opinion, will bring about a wider
market for American manufacturers.
He was controverting what he called the
democratic idea, that the home market
had about reached its limit, and that
American manufacturers must go to the
ends of the earth, for additional business,
competing with lower civilized nations,
and cheaper labor. Reed first observed
that the arresting of industries today
showed that wages and business were
not dependant on the law of supply and
demand.
In this Reed is right. There is an
enormous demand for produots of all
kinds and there is a vast supply in the
form of unemployed labor and manufao
tnred products yet the demands are not
satisfied and the vast supplies go beg­
ging for purchasers.
Mr. Reed might have gone into detail
and shown that prices of labor, of wheat,
corn, cotton, silver, materials of all kinds,
goods, and merchandise, are all low for
the same reason, and this is that the
medium of exchange is insufficient to
complete the transactions which demand
and supply are constantly trying to effect
and which when consumated make the
happiness and progress of the people or
other words, that the money instru­
ment, the necessary third party to our
business transactions, is" wanting, and
that congress is^responsible for it.
More currenoy is the only key to un­
lock the jail of the present evils, evils
that congress is pretending to correct,
and which have arisen from Mr. Reed's
own vote, together with others, on the
currency question. Reed deplores
the very result he is partly responsible
for, yat ascribes the cause to something
else.
Reed makes a clever partisan argu­
ment, but he does so for the purpose
that actuates all the leading men of the
old parties who have great ambitions
and personalj aspirations. Tom Reed
knows why men are idle and business is
sick, but his partisanship, and place as a
leader of a party, controlled by the
machinery of politics, will not permit
him to tell the whole truth and plead
for the right remedy.
In continuing his^remarks on the
means of enlarging the markets he well
stated that it was ihe growth of intelli­
gence, the creation of new desires and
wants, onjtha part of the laboring popu­
lation, that forced markets, and enlarged
them. Labor unions stimulated these
desires, added to the 'knowledge of the
members and pointed out their rights.
Unions also'made manufacturers under­
stand that higher wages must
be paid and men given leisure
for other things—for education,
and the enjoyment of the privileges of
life. This human tendancy to change
conditionsjfor the better,]was the chief
means of enlarging markets—of increas­
ing new wants and new inventions made
it possible for the manufacturer to meet
these wants, to produce'in abundance,
and to give the American laborer the
boons he asks for. The public seeks
lower prices and the workmen higher
wages and shorter hours.
Reed could well have enlarged upon
this subject, to^tha credit of his intelh
gence, and honesty £of belief. But be
appeared to think it a finer thing to
dwell on the charge, that in the struggle,
the democrats were] willfully] trying to
force our working population into con­
tact with a lower civilization and fewer
privileges, and the only.'possible way to
prevent this was through the] political
machine he was running with.
He may in a certain bense be right,
but if PO it is oniy bv mistaken judg­
ment, that men like Reed should correct,
instead of trying to perpetuate for par­
tisan advantage.
The time has come when clear headed
tten of Reed's stamp can afford to drop
their partisanship in question** where a
political view alone is anjaffront to the
•telligence and honesty of the country,
and a stumbling block to those seeking
to get the right remedv with sincerity
and good faith.
Tne Alert has an intense respect for
Mr. Reed's real opinions. In the Minne­
apolis convention he made a short
speech, compressing into a few words
the gist for a platform of the great party
he is a member of.He said, "Wealth and
prosperity are admirable, progress
and enterprise grand, but human
liberty is magnificent." It was
the best sentiment expressed in the
convention. He meant by liberty, the
rights of men and women, which a just
government, in the hands of liberal and
honest men in these days of progress
and education ought to farnisb, bat
which the times now prove the people do
not receive. The Alert regrets to see
Reed incasing his opinions in the
mummy-olotb of partisanship. The
other is the path for him, which leads to
a reward.
THE world knows that the gold reserve
in the treasury, now about $70,000,000, is
below what it usually is. It also knows
that this amount of gold dollars is, by
virtue of a fiction of finance, held to
redeem $346,000,000 of greenbacks and
8150,000.000 of silver certificates. How
11K), or 70, or 50 millions of gold is going
to do this, if called on, is not plain.
Yet. Carlisle says we must keep the
100 million reserve up or the govern­
ment. oredit may become impaired.
This is brilliant finance for the leaders
of the nation to teach. As far as re­
deeming our other money goes, 50 mil­
lions of gold is as effective as 70 millions,
and none at all is equivalent to 100 mil
lions for the purpose.
Although the authority for issuing
bonds under the present acts of congress,
to pay expenses of the government, is
questionable, Carlisle has decided to do
so, and the offer of many millions of
bonds bearing 5 per cent interest, which
the people must pay for many years, to
get the use of the money from the capi­
talist class of the country, is daily ex
pected.
The issue of bonds recalls the necessi­
ties of war times. This prosperous
country has drifted, after a quarter of
century of industry, peace, and good
crops, into financial straits that are usu­
ally accounted for by long war.pestilence,
'amine, or some great national disaster.
The government has steadily out off the
volume of the nation's money has re­
fused to use silver as money it refuses
to issue its notes or bills, authorized by
the constitution, and which can as well
be used for money as bonds and the in­
terest saved it persists in forcing the
people into a sharp struggle for exist­
ence, by contracting the currency steadi­
ly and rapidly.
Bonds mean more wheat, corn, cotton
and merchandise at lower prices, to pay
for the money they bring from hiding.
The people bear heavier burdens each
year, to get the simple medium of ex­
change for their wants. The government
is being run in the interests of the few,
and the many toilers, the patient mass
of the population, stand by and wonder
why times are not better, and that work
is so scarce.
The new bonded debt, which the daily
press calls a tender name, in referring to
it as a "popular loan," will mostly be
taken up by the men who have accumu­
lated millions in legalized exactions,
although the denominations of the bonds
may be in smaller amounts for the
alleged purpose of letting people of mod­
erate means invest in them. The peo­
ple of small means are not looking for
investments of savings they are, in
many thousands of cases, spending their
savings for a living while seeking work.
The silver repeal has not relieved the
country the tariff reform policy, ex­
pressed in the Wilson bill, cannot cre­
ate more money, or get what there is
now idle into circulation the issue of
bonds means more tribute from the peo­
ple for no extra advantages and no new
prosperity the patient cannot be cured
by plasters and quack prescriptions.
Oniy a large increase in the money for
tbe country's use—a remedy that the
constitution expressly provides for, and
which it is the duty of congress to give
—can bring back what has been lost.
IX IS said that Cleveland is very sore
over the defeat of Hornblower's confirm­
ation Cleveland did everything to win.
He tested his strength against tbe senate
and this time lost. The correspondents
at Washington tell frpnkly how the case
was fought, and incidentally bow legis­
lation of a national importance is made
the sport of the whims and fancies of
tbe president, or congressmen. Numer­
ous senators showed a determination to
defeat Hornblower, and the fight led by
Hill of New York gathered force from
quarters that ordinarily would be friend­
ly to a president. There was no real ob­
jection to Hornblower. He would have
made a good judge. Cleveland changed
6 votes, it is currently reported, by pat­
ronage in fact used all his influence to
gel his appointee confirmed. He changed
Senators Berry, Ransom, Blackburn,
Brice, Caffrey and Butler. Four of these
are seeking re-election and every post
ofiice they could get, helped.
The personal fortunes of senators, who
cliug to that job with death-like grips,
when once in power, are greater than any
legislation or the interests of the country.
The repeal of tbe Sherman law demon­
strated that the welfare of the nation is
a trifle in comparison to tbe value of the
personal fortunes of senators. The whole
of public business is largely moulded,
if reports are true, by Che exigencies of
congressmen's re-elections. Tbe people
of the nation have turned over the gov­
ernment to men who do not care or, who
do not realize tbe responsibilities their
positions entail, and they pursue tbe
business of keeping themselves in politi
cal positions the same as they would con­
duct a private commercial business.
The defeat of Hornblower uncovers
some of the secrets of congress. It is
even said that important public interests
in the tariff bill, among them tbe duty
on ooal, was made the subject of an
agreement in tbe Hornblower vote,
which will vitally affect vast interest*
and on account of the caprice of senators
in defeating a presidential nomination.
The result of this debasement of legis­
lation to private interests will be felt
adversely in the country—isfelt that way
now. The people have entrusted their
rights of government aid and protection
to a class of men who have in these,
modern times, few motive* of action ex­
cept to retain themselves in places of
profit. There is no issue that the people
can decide upon, that seems sure to be
carried out in a modern congress, and
without the propositions are distinctly
voted on before election, the country is
no longer sure of obtaining tbe legisla­
tion tbe majority of the people desire.
It was not that way once.
ONI: of tbe special defenders of the
farmers' interests in the house of .repre
.sentatives, is Congressman Boen of Min
neeota. He is a farmer himself he raises
wheat and knows the toil necessary to
get along on a farm, under present con­
ditions. In a recent speech on the tariff
Congressman Boen called attention to
tbe fact that all the members of tbe
farmer's family worked, that the life was
arduous, aud that its rewards were daily
earned. With merchants, bankers, man­
ufacturers, miners, only the heads of
families work, the members enjoying life
in various ways. The farmer seldom
becomes wealthy in tbe sense of the mil­
lionaire who piles up great fortunes in
other occupations. Agriculture is the
basis of national prosperity, yet tbe fol­
lowers of that business receive the poor­
est rewards. Besides, they pay tbe state
and government expenses, feed the peo
pie, and keep up the interest on tbe
publio debt.
The importance of the farmer in tbe
community is illustrated in what he pro­
duces. In 1892 the farmers fed 66 mil­
lions of people in the United States and
furnishedforexport agricultural products
to tbe amount of 9793,717,676, while all
other products exported were only $236,
560,534. And yet congress is talking
about tbe farmer as an object of charity,
while the great newspapers are working
for the interests of speculators, manu­
facturers, monopolists, and parasites
generally, forgetting or ignoring the fact
that the commerce of tbe nation can be
prosperous only when tbe first producers
of wealth, the farmers, are prosperous.
Nearly everything attempted in the
way of legislation for farmers' interests
is denounced as class legislation, when
special laws cover tbe statute books for
legislation in tbe interests of other
classes of labor or trade. As Congress­
man Boen says, tbe laws give tbe bank­
ers control of tbe common currency the
manufacturer the right to combine and
ask a high price for machinery, tc. tbe
common carrier tbe right to exact freight
rates for "all the traffic will bear." The
farmers have no redress the machinery
of the courts is against him tbe execu­
tive is bound in the interests of other
classes. The fear of tariff changes has
not stopped manufacturing there are
vast stocks of goods on hand that can
not be 6old,—products of field, factory
and workshop alike. Never was tbe
price of commodities that make people
comfortable and happy as low as now.
The producing and consuming classes—
the farmers of tbe country—have no
money to buy with. Money is high in price
—labor's products low. Money has been
made high in price, artificially and by
law: That is the cause of hard times, of
present and future troubles. It is not
tariff changes and government bond
issues only add fuel to tbe flames.
THB democratic state committee of
Illinois is prodding Senator Palmer and
tbe congressional delegation to get fed­
eral offices held by republicans, filled
with faithful democrats. Not to do this,
says tbe committee, is to retain dissen­
sions among tbe democrats and mar the
harmonious action of the party, in tbe
endeavor to maintain democratic princi­
ples. Cleveland will Bot move with the
celerity that can only appease demo
cratic impatience, and Senator Palmer is
helpless to hand over tbe fruit that sus­
tains and keeps alive tbe principles of
democracy—that cheers and often ine­
briates.
To add to democratic impatience, it is
known that there are 35 first, second
and third class postoffices in Illinois
retainei by republicans whose terms
have expired, and ten times that num­
ber of fourth class offices. In Indiana
there are twer.ty-six presidential offices
held by republicans, whose terms have
expired. Cleveland is obstinate and
will not fill them. He believes tbe peo­
ple put into bis bands tbe disposition of
the offices, and he will attend to them
without tbe assistance of tbe politicians.
THERE is a movement to organize bi­
metallic leagues throughout the country
and many have already been formed
The organization of these leagues is for
tbe discussion of the currenoy question,
and to advocate tbe return to tbe coin­
age of silver. Congress will Bpend the
winter in debating other issues, such as
the tariff, and tbe Hawaiian affair, but
the people of the country will devote a
portion of their time to tbe consideration
of the real issue, and vote upon that at
the next general eleotion. It has been
truthfully stated that, "the silver ques­
tion is admittedly tbe paramount issue
before tbe country at this time, and it
stands so related to everything else that
nothing can be settled till this question
is fettled and settled rightly. The first
question for the people to determine,
therefore, is whether they will carry on
business and pay debts and taxes by tbe
single standard of gold, with tbe knowl­
edge before them that gold, as a money
standard, is constantly increasing in
value, or whether they will demand that
the constitutional standard of gold and
silver shall be restored."
SPEAKINO of the increasing power of
interest, and tbe proposed issue of
government bonds to meet tbe present
deficiency, Grand Master Workman
Sovereign of tbe Knights of Labor,
Bix
Bays:
"Recent authentic statistics prove that
a sum of money equal to the entire cir­
culating medium of this nation must
pass from the hands of tbe people of this
nation into the coffers of the interest
takers at least once every six months,
and that means that on an average of
every
months the people must re bor­
row the money from the interest-takers
with new securities. Thus the com­
pound
Bystem
grows, and if not checked
it will absorb all wealth and leave the
laborer in abject servitude.
"Through tbis process more than any
other, the rich are becoming richer and
the poor poorer. No laboring man thinks
for a moment that he escapes the burden.
Idleness never paid a penny of debt.
Labor produces tbe wealth, beautifies
the earth and pays all interest, deb's and
taxes, and it is the duty of labor through­
out the length and breadth of this nation
to put its foot down so bard on the
present scheme to increase tbe national
debt that tbe very oapitol at Washington
will tremble from its righteous protesta­
tions."
THE Knights of Labor, by General
Master Workman Sovereign, will enjoin
the issue of any more government bonds
and test the legality of the law. The
issue of bonds by Carlisle for the pur­
pose of keeping up tbe $100,000,000 gold
reserve, is shown to be a pretext, as far
as any law requiring it is concerned.
The offer of bonds in double the amount
of tbe deficit in tbe so-called legal re­
serve, shows that the purpose of the bond
issue is something other than to redeem
government paper money in gold. There
is no law providing for the 9100,000,000
reserve, in the first place.
For its immediate necessities the gov­
ernment could use tbe silver in the treas­
ury, which is legal tender money, and not
issue more interest bearing bonds, at all.
But tbe Shy locks of the country are in
the saddle and will have the gold bonds,
with tbe pound of flesh denominated in
them, and every provision securely made
for the cutting it.
THE statement is made from assessor's
returns for 1893 that there are nearly 45,
000 less sheep in the state than
in
1892,
and that 50,000 have been shipped out
Bince
May, when tbe assessment was
made. This decrease in sheep comes
from tbe necessity of farmers selling
their s^eep, from the loss of profit in
raising them, and the discouragements
incidental to the establishment
of a comparatively new industry
in
the state, where the condi­
tions of its sucoess have to be learned by
experience. Whether true or not, tbe
majority of sheep growers believe that
the future prospect for higher prices,
under free wool is also very dubious, and
this is likely to be another reason for the
decrease in tbe sheep industry that was
getting handsomely started in the state.
Tbe low price of mutton, aa well as wool,
have combined to render the raising of
sheep in tbe northwest a source of doubt
ful profit.
THE southern democrats in congress
are not likely to save the bounty on
sugar. In order to raise money sugar is
very liable to be included in tbe tariff
bill with a tax on it. The people of the
country want cheap sugar, and if they
have to pay a tax on it, would sooner pay
it to home manufacturers in a bounty
than foreign sugar growers in a customs
tax. But the people of the country
would prefer to see the taxes on home
products made higher on whisky, beer
and tobacco than on such articles as
sugar. The democrats, however, have
tender corns that are in danger when it
comes to taxing whisky and tobacco.
The tax on whisky could be made almost
any amount and the country not object.
The quality of the whisky could not be
much worse than the general run of it
sold over bars, no matter whether the
tax was 10 cents or 82 a gallon.
IN AN interview in Minneapolis, Rail­
road Commissioner Stevens, who is
regarded as one of tbe leading men in
Ransom county, is quoted assaying that,
in his opinion, it is not unlikely that the
democrats and independents will join
forces again tbis year, and he is sanguine
that if such should happen, they would
win. One of tbe objects of tbis fusion
iB to get rid of Congressman Johnson,
whose record on tbe silver question has
antagonized the independents, and
whose other record as a persistent office
seeker has aroueed a common feeling
among democrats, and many republicans,
that tbe state is entitled to a new mem­
ber in congress.
BANK EXAMINSR DIAMOND, who exam­
ined the Lloyds bank and reported to tbe
department that the institution needed
looking after, on account of a deficiency
in its reserve, disoovered a 925,000 short
age in Lead, 8. D., caused by the embez­
zlement of tbe cashier. The directors
made tbe amount good, at onoe.
The people who have lost by the
Lloyds, wish that tbe examiner's investi­
gation of the bank here bad either been
more tboroogb, or bis recommendations
more promptly acted upon. It might
bave saved tbe loss of thousands to peo­
ple who ean ill afford to loae the savings
of years.
THE New York World is loudly de­
manding that Attorney General Olney
resign. He is the attorney of numerous
railroad corporations, the whisky trust,
and other big concerns, and at the
Bame
time is supposed to be prosecuting tbe
railroad companies for their constant in
fringement of the interstate commerce
law, and enforcing tbe statutes against
other trusts. When leading democratic
papers like the World demand of Cleve­
land the head of a cabinet minister, and
one of the most.important functionaries
in the administration, there is good
reason to believe that tbe reason for the
same is ample.
THE latest revised Blue Book shows
that the District of Columbia, entitled
to 55 government positions, has 3,348
West Virginia, entitled to 181, has 224
Virginia, entitled to 394, has 728 Ver­
mont, entitled to 79, has 108 New York,
entitled to 1,576, has 1,416 New Hamp­
shire, entitled to 90, has 128 Nevada, en­
titled to 11, has 21 Maryland, entitled to
247, has 788 South Dakota, entitled to
78, has 60, and North Dakota, entitled to
43, has 22. There is suoh a discrepancy
in tbe above that nearly any good demo­
crat not in it himself with a job, is en­
titled to demand an answer to the burn­
ing question—what is he a democrat for?
ANOTHER tenor singer marries a famous
woman, the brisk Lillian Russell, with
the swashing and martial outside. A
tenor singer seems to have the power of
stirring the female emotions round and
round. Dartrin explains how this is, on
scientific gronnds, but the tenor singer
seems to ignore science, or any single
means of oonquest. He reaches for and
juggles with art, poetry, magic, science,
sound, optics, electric pushes, soulful
solutions, chemic affinities—using them
all in his business—and he knows his
business.
IN view of the Grand Forks epidemic
of sickness tbe question of sanitary pre­
cautions for every North Dakota city is
again brought to the front. The nature
of the disease that prevails in tbe Red
river city indicates beyond question the
work of bacteria, transmitted by some
means, probably by water taken into the
system from wells or other sources of
supply poisoned by accumulation of im­
purities. The sewerage and water of a
city cannot be too closely guarded to
protect the public health.
THE Robt. Bums anniversary is never
neglected in North Dakota, and this year
the exercises promise to be more general
than ever. The readers of Bobby Burns
are million, because he sung the poetry
of nature and frankly revealed bis heart
unconcealed by fraud and guile. He said
what he thought, and was the greatest
pleader for chanty for others that poet
rpnks have held. It is well to re-read
the stirring sentiments of one who be­
lieved that "a man's a man, for a' that."
CONGRESS paid 85,000 for the design of
a World's fair medal, and the same can
not now be used as one of the figures is
in a state of nudity, very shocking to
susceptibilities of congressmen. They
desire a figure emblematical of the
United States, but insist that it shall at
least wear overalls. At present, the
exact representation, would include a
large size patch on the Beat of the pants
and about one suspender.
THE farmers of the country have no
use for Mr. Morton, secretary of agricul­
ture, and tbe National alliance has
asked him to resign from the adminis­
tration. Outside of Wall street, tbe
country has little use for tbe remainder
of the administration, and if the loss of
confidence of the people means any­
thing, tbe other members of the admin­
istration might as well resign, too.
A GOOD .many of the debating societies
in the country districts of the state are
discussing silver and currency problems
occasionally, however, a great vista for
literary and forensio talent, is opened up
in the debate on a topic like the follow­
ing: Resolved, That the beauties of
nature are more pleasing to the eye than
the beauties of art.
THE northwestern republican senators
voted with the opposition to Hornblower.
Senator Roach voted agaidst confirma­
tion, indicating that he does not liue up
with Grover the Great, and that patron­
age crumbs are few and bard to get.
THE Argus believes that if the govern­
ment will issue more bonds it will raise
the price of wheat. Tbe silver repeal
failed to do it, tbe tariff is not likely to.
and now tbe issue of bonds is all tbe
hope left.
A DAVID B. HILL club of 1,000 mem­
bers is 9 new politioal feature of Chicago.
In truth it will be up-Hill work to boost
David into tbe White bouse.
How's This!
We offer one hunderd dollars reward for
any ease of Catarrh that oannot be cured
by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. CHENEY Co., Props. Toledo, O.
We, tbe undersigned, bave known F.
J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be­
lieve him perfectly honorable in all busi­
ness trsnsactions and financially able to
carry out any obligation made by their
firm.
West Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo. O.
Walding, Kinnan Marvin, Wholesale
Druggists, Teledo, Ohio.
O flail's Catarrh Cure is taken internally
acting directly upon tbe blood and mu
oous surfaces of tbe system. Prioe 75c.
per bottle. Sold by all Druggists. Tes
ii monals free.
LIVELY AT WASHINGTON.
Matters of National Interest
J^iscuss^d by Leaders.
A Darkey Yarn.
A Bucking Broncho in the
Democratic Ranks.—A
Costly Dinner.
There are some democratic congress­
men opposed to the Wilson bill. One of
them is Congressman Sibley of Pennsyl­
vania. He has made two speeches kick-,
ing over the traces. He is free and un­
trammelled in his political opinions and
gives the managers lots of trouble by
telling what he thinks. He is for silver
coinage, and is an owner of fine stock
and blooded horseB., The other night he
said: "But when it comes to business,
Mr. Chairman, I would not truat those
fifteen lawyers on the ways and means
committee to run tbe mule-end of my
stock farm." Mr. Sibley said that when
he stood in the house on the 18th of
August last and voted with the minority
against the repeal of tbe silver |bill the
gentleman whose name the tariff bill
bore predicted the dawn of a new era of
prosperity. Nothing followed the pass­
age of the repeal bill but pauperism,
poverty and ruin. Wilson made a bad
mistake in bis diagnosis. He again pre­
dicts that tbe sun of prosperity will rise
on tbe country when tbe pending tariff
bill is passed. If the gentleman from
West Virginia would lift the lid and look
down to the bottom of bell it would look
bright to him. (Laughter.) Sibley an­
nounced his willingness to give bis voice
and vote for a revenue bill, but the pres­
ent bill was a hybrid—a cross between
tbe hignest protection and the rankest
free trade—and, like all hybrids, pos­
sessed all the vices of both parents with­
out the virtues of either. The present
bill would cause a deficit of $75,000,000 a
year. "I want to know what you are
going to do to make up that deficit,"
said Mr. Sibly. He criticised very
severely the action of Secretary Carlisle
in issuing bonds to make good the exist­
ing deficit, and he declared that the
American people were bondsmen until
those bonds were all paid. And he did
not consider that loan a temporary one,
but year after year, he said, there would
be a steadily increasing national debt.
He saw no reason to expect the contrary
until the tariff was arranged to provide
the necessary revenue.
It is unnecessary to eay that demo­
crats like Sibley make Cleveland and
his party followers very tired, but they
please the people just tbe same.
The senate committee on agriculture
has appointed as a subcommittee on tbe
Russian thistle Messrs. Hansbrougb
Roach and Peffer. The subcommittee
has already gathered, together much in­
formation concerning the Russian thistle
and will ask to have it printed as a docu­
ment. The committee hopes to be able
to bring to the support of the bill appro­
priating a million dollars to suppress
this pest, sufiicient testimony to prove to
congress tbe immediate need of action
on tbe part of the general government.
Something or other reminded a south­
ern congressman of the following "coon"
story, says tbe Washington Star: "A
darkey preacher was sermonizing on the
subject of the creation and endeavoring
to explain the physical geography of the
universe. 'De worl', brevren an' sis
tern,' ho said, "is bo'ne on de hade an'
shoulders of a great gi'nt. De gi'nt is
standin' on a monstus rock, bigger dan
any rock yo' ever see in all yo' life. De
rock, hit's restin' on de outspread wings
of a t'ritic big yeagle, which she is
plantin' ber talents inter de back of a
powerful big snake.'
"Tbe preacher then dropped his figure
of speech, and was about to resume con­
sideration of tbe awful future, when a
doubting Thomas in the congregation
arose to ask: 'Scuse me, Brov. Smith,
but will yo' please tell me wha' dat
snake res'in' at?'
"That was too much for tbe preacher.
With rage and contempt gleaming ID
his eyes he drew himself up in tbe pulpit
and exclaimed: 'Brov. Johnson, you'6e
too cu'us. Yo' ten' to yo' own business
and de snake'U ten' to hiB'sen.' And the
pastor was not again interrupted in his
discourse."
President Cleveland gave his second
state dinner the other day. There were
present nearly all the foreign ministers
and the occasion was an elaborate dis­
play of flowers, and expensive decora­
tions. Tbe wealth lavished ou tbe
women's dresses and ornaments was es­
pecially notable. One of tbe socisl inci­
dents of the dinner was the
novelty of the presence of
Chinese lady of rank, as a guest. Sbt
was tbe wife of the Chinese minister,
Mr. Yang Yu, and is tbe first Chinese
lady who has ever appeared in societjr,
outside of her own legation home. Mrs.
Yang Yu wore a oourt dress of dark
blue satin, very richly embroidered i»
gold, and she had on snfhing jewels, ear­
rings, finger rings and bracelets.
In Olden Times
People overlooked tbe importance of ptf
manently beneficial effects and were sat­
isfied with transient aotioo but now that
it is generally known that Syrap of Fig*
will permanently on re habitual oonstips
tion, well-informed people will not boy
other laxatives, which aet for a time, bat
finally injure tbe system.
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