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,lf ll 1 .n I I s.:, I E »-.'• f. •V" r. V' fi -. i' .u^: .-}i:. The Jamestown Alert. DAILY (EXCEPT SUNDAY) & WEEKLY THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1894. DBMS: The Daily Au.ri ii tiulivureil in the city hjr «,, rler», al W) cciii« month. B»ily. one year 0 HO Dally,six mouth* 3 00 Daily, three months 150 Weekly, one year "-00 Weekly, six mouth* 100 W K. KKLLOUU. THE most retnarkuble passHge in Con KreesmaD Johnson's recent remarks on tariff Las been heretofore oimttud in press notices of the speech. It is a statement that causes no surprise com ing as it does from the congressman, to those of his constituents who have fol lowed his political career in this state and are familiar with his unexpected and unloofcrHl for utterances as they out-crop from time to time. After properly assailing the Wil son bill for its unjust discrimi nation? against the farmer's prod ucts, Mr. Johnson referred to tue prosperity of the country under Presi dent Harrison. He stated, what is un doubtedly an erroneous inference, that during the year 1892, and up to Dec. 31 of that year, the people considered them selves prosperous and the country flour ishing that while Cleveland bad been elected aud a democratic house chosen also, that was a mere incident of no par ticular consequence to the country, as it had happened before, and the ship of state had sailed on, because a republican senate was at the helm. Right here, however, comes in Mr. Johnson's charac teristic statement. He said: On the 20th day of February, 1893, the unexpected happened in a small new state remote from this capital. Ou that day VV. N. Roach, the democratic caucus nominee, was elected senator from North Dakota, giving the democratic party a clear majority in the senate. That was twelve days before Cleveland was in augurated. That was the exact date and hour when the panic of 1893 had its birth. Right there our hard times began. When the historian of the future traces the unutterable sadness and suffering and nun and misery of these Clevelaud bard tim to their source aud fountain he will stop right there with that fateful 20th of February. Congressman Johnson, by this curious tracery of events, lays the blame of hard times for a great nation on the unhappy North Dakota legislature, and particular ly thereby brings into criminal, if not heinous, prominence the republican members who made Senator Roach's election possible. If Mr. Johnson had! been a defeated candidate for the senate seat himself he could not have more tremendously denounced the recreant republican legislators than in this ar raignment of them forjbringing on the past panic, and the present hard times, throughout the UnitedJStates. This discharge of Congressman John son's wrath was like an avalanche from Olympus. He meant every word of it, and the good people] of North Dakota can be excused for feeling a little pained and bewildered in learning that their congressman in Washington has accused the state of harboring the distinguished villains who have brought the '•unutter able sadness and suffering and ruin of these Cleveland hard times" upon us. IF farmers of this great wheat belt should diversify their crops as extensive ly as the Twin city dailies are now advis ing them to, what would become of the wheat commission men. the elevator in terests, the boards of trade, and the big wholesale and retail business that wheat growing has annually poured into those cities: and where will be the markets for the products of this unusual change of farm labor? If the farmer raises only what he eats and exchanges his garden and dairy products for groceries, and lets the rest go. like abandoned fields, where will be the market for the products of the artiaan and manufacturer? Ex clusive dependence on the exchange of farm commodities for a living, means a reversal to the days of barter and trade, to home spun garments, to the monotony of primitive customs where life was spent with little use for money, and men had little U9e for life. The daily papers advocate the farmer getting along with as little money as possible. They do not seem to think he has wants and desires, like other folks, that can only be satislied with money. They think his province is to live like a vegetable, work like a steer, and be thankful that he is no worse off. Money means progress and happiness: means true diversified industries means business and trade with every class and it means an impartial distribution of nature's gifts as each can beet secure them. Without money in sufficient quantities the farmer becomes a rustic, a stay-at-home, a nan whose education and advantages in life are encompassed about by narrow surroundings, hardships and ignorance. Money for his labor means thrift and reward, in turn, for the work of others means recompense for the toil of the professional man. the artist and educator and icsures civiliza tion. development and prosperity for the whole nation. The policy of the great dailies carried out is to suppress every inclination of the farmer to aspire to a better mode of living, and to get into easier circum stances. Money is made a scarce article by law for the specific purpose of ag- grtindizing a few the big papers approve of it, and advocate it, and declare there by that human musole, human hopes, fears, desires and fortunes are secondary to money, which is a government made thing without lifeor conscience, the prod uct of law only. That idea carries with it the practical serfdom of the working classes, and is demanded for the Bake of perpetuating the false belief that money is more valuable than lives that the rich few,—made so by law and by legalized monopoly—have superior rights to the honesc, square dealing, fair minded uany who toil willingly for the meager rewards of a poor livelihood. THE farmers around Portland, Traill county, were recently addressed on the subject of money, and the speaker being a farmer himself endeavored to root out of the minds of his hearers the notion that "honest money" and "sound dollars" had intrinsic value. He truly said this belief is a fallacy, and a fiction of the miud. There may be intrinsic utility in gold and silver for use in the arts, &c., but not as money. Law alone gives gold and silver and paper their worth as money. The speaker said: It has been proven time and again that paper money is the only currency that will remain loyal to the country at all times. Paper money carried us through the revolutionary war and it carried us through the civil war while gold acted the traitor part, and hid itself in holes in the ground, in oellara, in chinks and crevices, and took flight to its European masters, and when peace returned, and the country was prospering, it stuck its red bead out of the holes in the ground, and finding the climate milder and mor) pleasant, like the prairie dog it ootnes out of its places of confinement, and it goes to its f' lend the Congress, begging that paper' currency, the loyal saviour of the coun try, be burned that this traitor may be provided for and protected. The speaker was in favor of the gov ernment alone issuing money of limiting the amount of money to a certain fixed sum per head, enough for business pur poses, but keeping it at that figure—in creasing it with the growth of popula tion. He also refuted the idea that over production is the cause of hard times. The statements that men are hungry be cause there is too much wheat in the country, and cold because too ranch fuel is mined, and too great stocks of clothing are on hand, are ridiculous. The Portland Press, which reported the speech, says the speaker set the audience thinking, and that while there was a diversity of opinions as to the truth of his remarks, the ma jority seemed willing to reflect on them, although some radically disagreed with him, and others, strange to say. con demned the very utterance of his re marks. There is one thing that can be relied on, the mass of the people are honest in the expression of their opinions and when they finally see clearly what is wrong with their political views will surely have the courage to admit it and to'correct it for their own welfare. Herein lies the chief hope and prospect for bet ter conditions. 1n a recent speech Congressman Simp son. a true silver man, spoke in favor of issuing certificates on the 55 millions of silver seignoirage, instead of bonds, be cause it was a step in the right direction A report of his speech says: He said he was one of those fiat lnna tics who believed that a currency based on the general wealth of the country and the stability of the government was more secure than a currency based on either gold or silver. He maintained that a money oligarchy, had the country by the throat and all this legislation which sought to strike down a portion of the money of the country decreased the debt paying capa city and broke the oontMcts under which the debts were made. The lobbies of congress, he said, were surrounded by piratical gangs demanding constant leg islation in the interest of gold changers and bondholders. The only thing that he regretted in connection with this bill was that it would give a lot of democratic and re publican congressman a chance to square themselves with their constituents. They will vote for this bill and claim to lie bimetallists like the gentleman from North Dakota, Mr. Johnson. Congressman Johnson has voted on the silver question, and gone on record too clearly to ever have his position mis understood. He voted for the gold standard in the Sherman law repeal, spoke in favor of it, and has been active in the service of such a policy since. No vote to coin the little silver happening to be left over in the treasury, and al ready belonging to the government, can convince North Dakota people that Congressman Johnson is a bimetallist or in favor of the white metal as money. IT is wonderful to hear the Chicago Record declare that the country is on the very verge, on the actual edge, of great prosperity and a few months at most will see the business depression all gone. The reasons given for this state men are that mercantile stocks are get ting low that the Wilson bill will be settled soon and manufacturers must resume. The Record like other city journals is firmly grounded in the error that manufacturers alone regulate the prosperity of the country. Other reasons given are that banks have plenty of money to loan and people will soon be obliged to purchase new clothing, and general supplies. This will revive things, says the Record, with out ever asking how people are to get the money to buy with. Of course it is well to take the bright side, of thie matter and no other view is permitted to go into the columns of the big dallies. They took the bright side when silver was repealed now they take the bright side on the prospeot of tariff settlement. But the other side proved the correct one after the silver bill had passed and the present outlook is that the beautiful predictions now be ing made over the tariff adjustment will also fade into the gloaming, and not be realized. Settlement of tariff can not restore the prosperity of the business world, and the people nan not be much longer deceived by the big newspapers saying so. AT THE recent national committee meeting of the people's party at St. Louis, it is easily seen that experience has taught that party a valuable lesson. The people's party is not going to en cumber the fight in the next campaign with useless issues. In this respect the last election seems to have taught them political wisdom. The money question alone will be the guage of battle, and free coinage of gold and silver, and the direct issue, by the government alone, of legal tender greenbacks neoessary for the transaction of legitimate business, will be the material with which the inde pendents will go before the country to oppose the gold combination. The peo ple will not be confused by a multiplicity of issues, and impracticable demands. The one, single, plain-spoken, directly advocated currency question has been wisely decided on as enough to ask a verdict upon in 1896. Congress is making the ammunition, is manufacturing plenty of it. The next campaign will not be wholly obscured by tariff smoke \jlown in the faces of the great army of voters, who will decide the most import ant question of government that has arisen since the emancipation of the slaves. A GLANCE at the last issue of the North Dakota Independent shows that the question of the currency is not being neglected by that journal. There are several timely articles on money and bonds, and while the writers do not pre tend to be great financiers or statesmen as we have in Washington, yet they pre sent the phases of the subject in a clear light, and are more likely to be believed by the people than are the utterances of the Shermans, Clevelaods, Wilsons, and others whose policy has only led to dis aster. In the issue referred to M. D. Williams gave some facts about how much of the world's money is "fiat" and how much metallic, aud District Attorney Keims of New Rockfoid produced statistics show ing the extra burdens the people assume in increasing the issue of the bonded debt and the wrongs that policy neces sarily entails. SECRETARY CARLISLE recommends that the light on the statue of liberty.in New York harbor be permanently extin guished, on the grounds of economy. The government has become so poor that it cannot afford to keep a light in the symbol of liberty that first greets a voyager from over the sea on his arrival in this boasted "land of liberty." By continuing the policy of the pres ent administration in aiding the owners of gold to destroy half the money of the people, and in other ways aseisting the passage of legislation proposed by the already rich, Secretary Carlisle is doing all be can to permanently extinguish the noble light of liberty throughout the whole country. The people expected something very different when they elected Cleveland. THE subject of diversified farming and the profits in it are discussed elsewhere by a practical farmer. He differs from the farm theorist who sit6 in an office and alleges that farmers can only get along by raisitg a little of everything and not much of anything. In a country pre-eminently adapted to wheat growing and the raising of a quality of wheat of special excellence it is a poor encouragement to declaim against sowing what the 6oil IH best adapted for. The dogma that over production of wheat is the cause of its low price when thousands are hungry and unable to buy flour, is absurd on its face. Something else is the matter, not the fact that too much wheat is raised. THE state board of university and 83bool lands have about 990,000 belong ing to the permanent school fund to in vest which they are judiciously investing in district school bonds which are bard to place outside of the state, either be cause of the short time which they run or because of the small amount, and the expense which would attend the disposal of them by the individual school boards. The terms under which bonds are taken by the board is at par and at six per cent interest. The investment of the per manent fund in this manner is an excel* lent arrangement for all school corpora tions as, the same month in which the interest is reoeived it is apportioned to the different districts pro rata. THE new supreme court judge, Justice White of Louisiana, is said to be an authority on civil law as found in the code of Napoleon, which in turn was adapted from the old Roman law. Louis iana is largely settled by the descendants of the French and French laws and cus toms prevail. It iE the only state in the I'ninn adopting the Napoleonic code. Jfc 'Wm ?r If Justioe White briugs to the beaoh a full understanding of the spirit of thnt oode, the best relio of Napoleon, and his most lasting monument, the new justice will prove a decided acquisition to the court. EKASTUHWIMAK of New York, who has been a well known magazine and news paper authority on leading public ques tions, and who has prepared material for Dun Jk Co's commercial agency reports, has been arrested and jailed on oharges of forgery. The people who permit Wall Street to mould their opinions are rely ing on the same kind of arguments pre sented by Erastus Wiman. Wall Street education is a dangerous doctrine for the remainder of the country to receive, and the men who propogate it are free booters and servants of every monopoly that flourishes. IT is understood that Frank Gage, for many years a faithful worker on the Fargo Argos force and a thorough newspaper man, has been placed in control of the paper, vice G. K. Shaw. Mr. Gage is one of the reliable newspaper men of the state aud has had a long experience in the business. He also has a wide acquaintance and undoubted ability. He has no enemies and hosts of friends. The Argus ought to become abetter paper than ever with Gag) at the helm. THE press of the state is giving gener ous reference to the Fair which is to be held at Jamestown, September next. Several of the newspapers, however, refer to it as a county fair. This is not an adequate description, for the bcope of the enterprise will take in the entire James River valley, at least. The James River Fair has outgrown its county proportions. It will be the only state Fair of the year, and promises to be a big event. Gov. MCKIXLEY is booked for a speech at the state Chautauqua at Devils Lake next summer. This means that the magnetio governor has his electric eye set steadfastly on the Polar star of the presidency. But the tariff may not be the compass which will guide the bril liant wayfarer to the White house. Gov. McKinley can not play a national tune with general approval, on the tariff atring. SPEAKING for the oaotus legislation, Senator Hausbrough argues that con gress readily appropriated large sums for rivers and harbors and warships, but is very slow to do anything to benefit agriculture, the basis of all our wealth. The legislation he seeks is fully as ap propriate to be passed as the pleuro pneumonia act which protected cattle from diseases by spending $2,000,000. IN the tariff debate a great deal of time in the house waa taken up in the discussion of diamonds—more, it is claimed, than in considering the effects of the bill on the great cereal produc tions of the country. The fortunes of the diamond wearing classes are of more solicitude to the members of the present congress than the welfare of the 30,000, 000 agricultural workers. SECBETAKT MOBTON is not only trying to defeat the Russian cactus legislation, but is endeavoring to prove by extracts from newspapers that the people regard the weed as a benefit rather than curse. Morton is consistent in his opposition to the agricultural interest* of the country and is evidently regarded as a man of immense agrarian knowledge by the president. Gov. JACKSON of lowu, is going to make the republican legislature live up to the platform the people elected it on and pass a license law. If not, the gov ernor will call an extra session of the leg islature for this purpose. The republic ans of Iowa can not much longer trifle with prohibition. They must repeal the law or turn the 6tate over to the demo crats. THK democrats in the house who are preventing a vote on the Bland seignoir age bill by filibustering will be spotted and many a patronage-branded states man who thinks the postoffice and other appointments will secure him re-election is very likely to disappear in the com mon crowd at home, again, and become a simple unit of the population once more THE Fargo Forum speaks of the Capi tal as a paper that might be willing to endorse certain candidates for governor and treasurer, "if seen"—whatever that means. The Forum says that the Capi tal frankly states it does not know Hon. N. K. Hubbard, or George Nichols of Cass county, the possible candidates re ferred to. WORDS of approbation from the Tower County Tribune, are appreciated by The Alert. The Tribune is glad to strike hands with us, and believes it best "to place the interests of the whole country paramount to partisan doctrines and prejudices, and to strike for justice and equality." THE recognised friend and organ of the Lloyds, bankers, The Capital, saya The Alert tried to squeeze 85,000 out of the Lloyds to "keep still" on their bank failure. That is an awful big price for the Lloyds to pay for anything except gold bricks. It appears that the Lloyds got The Capital to "Keep still" for con siderably lees. EVERT gold standard newspaper editor in North Dakota will gladly receive silver certificates on subscription and take chances on their being redeemed in gold. The editor would very likely test their redemption qualities in dry goods, groc eries, or possibly a little chewing tobacco. TOR commission to codify the state laws, which body consists of three good lawyers, has had another meeting and it is assured are at work on the job. This work must be ready for the next legisla ture which promptitude the last com mission signally failed to observe. SENATOK SHEIWAN has not, advocated a government bond issue for several days. He must be "off his feed." However, he can be relied on to turn up at the right time when it is necessary to have "an able, statesman-like and patriotic speech" for the gold combination. THE report that Congressman Johnson was secretly opposing the Russian cactus bill, seems incorrect. He is in favor of it, but not confident of its success. The Minot Journal insists that Mr. Johnson will not fight any bill that would benefit the state. IT is stated that the president's pie oounter has been so greatly depleted in getting the Sherman law repealed and in the supreme court confirmations that congressmen are not as easy to handle as before. A CHICAGO newspaper reporter has started cut to interview the polar bears that climb the north pole. Newspaper outs of that celebrated affair may be ex pected shortly. THE Alert is in receipt of a package of diversified garden seeds—spinach, toma to, bean, beet and parsnip seeds—from Congressman Johnson. School Funds Apportioned. The apportionment of the state tuition fund for the first quarter of this year has been made by the state superintend ent, and the county treaaurers and super intendents notified of the same. Stuts man county, with a school population of 1,402, will receive a total apportionment of $1,710.44, $771.10 of which is received from the interest and income fund and $939.34 frem fines, taxes, etc. The rate per capita from the interest and income fund is 55 cents, and from fines and taxes G7 cents, making the total state tuition fund rate 91.22. The total apportionment for the 58,434 school children in the state is $71,289.48, of which 832,138.70 is received from the interest and income fund. Of the thirty nine counties in the state eleven receive less than 8500 five over $500 and less than 81,000 fifteen over 81,000 and less than $5,000 four over 85,000 two receive over $6,000, and Grand Forks and Cass counties each receive over 87,000. Grand Forks county leads the list with an ap portionment of 87,339.52, and Billings oounty comes last with the least, $29.28 Advertised Ifetters. List of letters remaining unclaimed in the postoffioe at Jamestown. North Da kota, for the week ending February 27, 1894: LADIES. Foster, Miss Nellie Harris, Mrs S A 2 Newcomb, Mrs Mandy GENTLEMEN. Frick, McBride, E A Livingston, Pat Taylor, J£dward If not called for within 14 days, will be sent to the dead letter office. In call ing for these letters, please say adver tised, and give date of this list. C. P. SMITH. P. M. $100 Reward, $lOO. The reader of this paper will be pleased to learn that there is at least one dreaded disease that science has been able to cure in all its stages, and that is catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure iB the only positive cure known to the medical fraternity. Catarrh being a constitutional disease, requires a constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting directly on the blood and mucous surfaces of the system, thereby destroy ing the foundation of the disease, and giving the patient strength by building up the constitution and assisting nature in doing its work. The proprietors have so much faith in its curative powers, that they offer One Hundred Dollars for ony case that it fails to cure. Send for list of testimonials. Address, F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, Ohio. K9~Sold by Druggists, 75c. Dissolution of Partnership. The co-partnership heretofore existing between the undersigned under the firm name of Wells & Diokey (and from 1885 to 1887 under the style of the North Da kota Loan and Trust company, a co partnership), are this day dissolved by mutual consent. E. P. Wells assumes and will pay all liabilities of, and to him muat be paid all moneys due to, said firms. The business will be conducted by said Wells under the style of the Wells and Dickey company. Signed E. P. WELLS. ALFRED DICKEV. Dated Jamestown. North Dakota, De cember 16, 1893. Try Dr. YonHaish's Secret for Rheu matism and Neuralgia. A sure cure or no pay. Send five cents in stamps fo sample doees. Address Carl F. Haish, 917 15th Ave. 8. Minneapolis, Minn. Kindly mention this paper when writing. IMIes! Piles! Itching I'llm. MY MITOHM—Moisture intense IMIIIIK unit IIKIIIK IIHWI at nlffht worse by scratcliinK. IT allowed to continue tumors form, which often mewl and ulcenrte, becoming very tore. "WAYNKS OINTMENT stop* the It rbinp mill mewling, lu-nta ulceration, and in most.cases removes Uu tumors At UrtiifKisti, or l»y mall, for ..i rents. |»r. Swiiync Jt Soil, l'lill i(lcl|liia. CLIPPINGS FOR"C"I CABINET. Nnmtruui Newspaper Bcrapbooka K«pt foriMemliera of the Administration. The keeping of scrapbooks is one of the most intafcsting employments among government officials of the present administration. As a rule, (clippings of a highly complimentary inature are more apt to reach the cabi inet officers than defamatory articles. The private secretary or other subor dinate doesn't care, says the Washing ton News, to give his chief a bad taste in the mouth by turning over to him articles calling him a prince of scamps, and so the chief often dwells iu gar dens of blissful ignorance, The great est enanies of the vanity of public officials are those persons who have been turned down by them or who are ,in the list of their political enemies. .The average cabinet officer as well as the members of congress can depend ,on these persons to send them a suffi cient lot of literature devoted to prop agating etories of their meanness. 'Companies that deal in clippings are 'resorted to at times for all stories about them by prominent men. These companies, for a trifling fee, furnish all articles appearing in the papers throughout the country containing inferences to their clients, and for one who wishes to be comprehensive in his collection and to save himself work it is the very best method. One of the greatest collections of clippings is 'made for the president. Mr. Mont gomery, one of the clerks of the white (house, haa for several administrations prepared scrapbooks of the comments land news articles of the leading news papers of the country. These he ar iranges according to the subject. When 'President Cleveland was previously in the white house there were accumula ted about thirty books of clippings for ,him. When he again leaves, there will be as many more volumes ready for him to take along. THE AMERICAN BUFFALO. Eitlaetion of an Animal That Not Loaf A to Blackened the Plain*. When the first white settlers landed in Virginia the bison ranged east of the Alleghenies almost to the seacoast, westward to the dry deserts lying be yond the Rocky mountains, northward to the Great Slave lake and southward ito Chihuahua. It was the beast of the forests and mountains, in the Alleghe nies no less than in the Rockies, but its true home was on the prairies and the high plains, says the Rocky Moun tain News. Across these it roamed hither and thither, in herds of enormous, of in credible, magnitude herds so large that they covered the waving grass land for hundreds of square leagues, and when on the march occupied days and days in passing a given point. But seething myriads of shaggy [maned wild cattle vanished with re markable and melancholy rapidity be fore the inroads of the white hunters and the steady march of the oncoming (settlers. Now they are on the point of extinction. Two or three hundred are left in that great national game preserve, the Yellowstone park, and it is said that others st^ll remain in the wintry deco llation of Athabasca. Elsewhere only .a few individuals exist, probably con siderably less than half a hundred all told, scattered in the wildest and most romantic and inaccessible portions of the Rocky mountains. A bison bull is the largest American animal. His huge bulk, his short, curved.black horns, his shaggy mane, clothing his great neck and shoulders, give him a look of ferocity which his conduct belies. Yet he is a grand and noble beast, and his loss from our prai ries and forests is as keenly regretted by the lover of nature and of wild life as by the hunter. LADY DETECTIVES IN PARIS. Unknown to Ton Tbojr May It* on I#«r Invitation l.Ut. Apropos of the affair of espionage which was tried in Paris recently a "high official of the detective depart ment has made some curious remarks, lie affirms, says the London Tele graph, that a number of ladies well known to Parisian society do not dis dain to offer their services occasionally to the police for cash down. These are the "auxiliaries," but there are others, who receive regular pay, vary ing from eiyht hundred to twelve hun dred francs per month, besides certain sums for which they have to give an account. In illustration of what he means this official relates an instruct ive anecdote: Some time ago one of liis friends who had bought a house in the neigh borhood of the Arc de Triumphe gave a housewarming party, and a day or two before he called and expressed the hope that he would not seud him any of his "spies." "Have yon the list of your guests?'' asked a colleugue who happened to be in the rooin. with a smile. The list was handed to this of ficial, who presently returned it with the remark: "It would be useless to trouble you. You have already five here." The functionary in question added that the ladies who made a specialty of reign politics were lesa, numerous, but cost much more,.and, he explained, "their point d'attaclie is not with us, but at the (Juai d'Orsay." A Ttd# on Und. l'Vom observations made ut two Prus-: ftian stations at Teneriffe in t.S8i, 18U0 and 1801, showing slight and continu ous changes of position of the plane of. the horizon. Dr. vou Kebeur I'aschniU. has concluded that the relatively rigid' surface of the earth is subject to a' movement of rising and falling like the' ocean movement that produces the tides. The amplitude of the observa tions is very slight, but the apparatus^ used made it clearly perceptible. The direction of the plumb line also points to a daily disturbance, which is attrib uted, in conjecture, to solar radiation. A third kind of movement may be re ferred to distant earthquakes.