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Jamestown weekly alert. [volume] (Jamestown, Stutsman County, D.T. [N.D.]) 1882-1925, March 01, 1894, Image 4

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The Jamestown Alert.
DAILY (EXCEPT SUNDAY) & WEEKLY
THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1894.
DBMS:
The Daily Au.ri ii tiulivureil in the city hjr «,,
rler», al W) cciii« month.
B»ily. one year 0 HO
Dally,six mouth* 3 00
Daily, three months 150
Weekly, one year "-00
Weekly, six mouth* 100
W K. KKLLOUU.
THE most retnarkuble passHge in Con
KreesmaD Johnson's recent remarks on
tariff Las been heretofore oimttud in
press notices of the speech. It is a
statement that causes no surprise com­
ing as it does from the congressman, to
those of his constituents who have fol­
lowed his political career in this state
and are familiar with his unexpected and
unloofcrHl for utterances as they out-crop
from time to time.
After properly assailing the Wil­
son bill for its unjust discrimi­
nation? against the farmer's prod­
ucts, Mr. Johnson referred to tue
prosperity of the country under Presi­
dent Harrison. He stated, what is un­
doubtedly an erroneous inference, that
during the year 1892, and up to Dec. 31
of that year, the people considered them­
selves prosperous and the country flour­
ishing that while Cleveland bad been
elected aud a democratic house chosen
also, that was a mere incident of no par­
ticular consequence to the country, as it
had happened before, and the ship of
state had sailed on, because a republican
senate was at the helm. Right here,
however, comes in Mr. Johnson's charac­
teristic statement. He said:
On the 20th day of February, 1893, the
unexpected happened in a small new
state remote from this capital. Ou that
day VV. N. Roach, the democratic caucus
nominee, was elected senator from North
Dakota, giving the democratic party a
clear majority in the senate. That was
twelve days before Cleveland was in­
augurated. That was the exact date
and hour when the panic of 1893 had its
birth. Right there our hard times began.
When the historian of the future traces
the unutterable sadness and suffering
and nun and misery of these Clevelaud
bard tim to their source aud fountain
he will stop right there with that fateful
20th of February.
Congressman Johnson, by this curious
tracery of events, lays the blame of hard
times for a great nation on the unhappy
North Dakota legislature, and particular­
ly thereby brings into criminal, if not
heinous, prominence the republican
members who made Senator Roach's
election possible. If Mr. Johnson had!
been a defeated candidate for the senate
seat himself he could not have more
tremendously denounced the recreant
republican legislators than in this ar­
raignment of them forjbringing on the
past panic, and the present hard times,
throughout the UnitedJStates.
This discharge of Congressman John­
son's wrath was like an avalanche from
Olympus. He meant every word of it,
and the good people] of North Dakota
can be excused for feeling a little pained
and bewildered in learning that their
congressman in Washington has accused
the state of harboring the distinguished
villains who have brought the '•unutter­
able sadness and suffering and ruin of
these Cleveland hard times" upon us.
IF farmers of this great wheat belt
should diversify their crops as extensive­
ly as the Twin city dailies are now advis­
ing them to, what would become of the
wheat commission men. the elevator in­
terests, the boards of trade, and the big
wholesale and retail business that wheat
growing has annually poured into those
cities: and where will be the markets for
the products of this unusual change of
farm labor? If the farmer raises only
what he eats and exchanges his garden
and dairy products for groceries, and
lets the rest go. like abandoned fields,
where will be the market for the products
of the artiaan and manufacturer? Ex­
clusive dependence on the exchange of
farm commodities for a living, means a
reversal to the days of barter and trade,
to home spun garments, to the monotony
of primitive customs where life was
spent with little use for money, and men
had little U9e for life.
The daily papers advocate the farmer
getting along with as little money as
possible. They do not seem to think he
has wants and desires, like other folks,
that can only be satislied with money.
They think his province is to live like a
vegetable, work like a steer, and be
thankful that he is no worse off.
Money means progress and happiness:
means true diversified industries means
business and trade with every class and
it means an impartial distribution of
nature's gifts as each can beet secure
them. Without money in sufficient
quantities the farmer becomes a rustic, a
stay-at-home, a nan whose education
and advantages in life are encompassed
about by narrow surroundings, hardships
and ignorance. Money for his labor
means thrift and reward, in turn, for the
work of others means recompense for
the toil of the professional man. the
artist and educator and icsures civiliza­
tion. development and prosperity for the
whole nation.
The policy of the great dailies carried
out is to suppress every inclination of
the farmer to aspire to a better mode of
living, and to get into easier circum­
stances. Money is made a scarce article
by law for the specific purpose of ag-
grtindizing a few the big papers approve
of it, and advocate it, and declare there­
by that human musole, human hopes,
fears, desires and fortunes are secondary
to money, which is a government made
thing without lifeor conscience, the prod
uct of law only. That idea carries with it
the practical serfdom of the working
classes, and is demanded for the Bake of
perpetuating the false belief that money
is more valuable than lives that the rich
few,—made so by law and by legalized
monopoly—have superior rights to the
honesc, square dealing, fair minded
uany who toil willingly for the meager
rewards of a poor livelihood.
THE farmers around Portland, Traill
county, were recently addressed on the
subject of money, and the speaker being
a farmer himself endeavored to root out
of the minds of his hearers the notion
that "honest money" and "sound dollars"
had intrinsic value. He truly said this
belief is a fallacy, and a fiction of the
miud. There may be intrinsic utility in
gold and silver for use in the arts, &c.,
but not as money. Law alone gives gold
and silver and paper their worth as
money. The speaker said:
It has been proven time and again
that paper money is the only currency
that will remain loyal to the country at
all times. Paper money carried us
through the revolutionary war and it
carried us through the civil war while
gold acted the traitor part, and hid
itself in holes in the ground, in oellara, in
chinks and crevices, and took
flight to its European masters, and
when peace returned, and the country
was prospering, it stuck its red bead out
of the holes in the ground, and finding
the climate milder and mor) pleasant,
like the prairie dog it ootnes out of its
places of confinement, and it goes to its
f' lend the Congress, begging that paper'
currency, the loyal saviour of the coun­
try, be burned that this traitor may be
provided for and protected.
The speaker was in favor of the gov­
ernment alone issuing money of limiting
the amount of money to a certain fixed
sum per head, enough for business pur­
poses, but keeping it at that figure—in­
creasing it with the growth of popula­
tion. He also refuted the idea that over­
production is the cause of hard times.
The statements that men are hungry be­
cause there is too much wheat in the
country, and cold because too ranch fuel
is mined, and too great stocks of clothing
are on hand, are ridiculous.
The Portland Press, which reported
the speech, says the speaker set the
audience thinking, and that while
there was a diversity of opinions
as to the truth of his remarks, the ma­
jority seemed willing to reflect on them,
although some radically disagreed with
him, and others, strange to say. con­
demned the very utterance of his re­
marks.
There is one thing that can be relied
on, the mass of the people are honest in
the expression of their opinions and
when they finally see clearly what is
wrong with their political views will
surely have the courage to admit it and
to'correct it for their own welfare. Herein
lies the chief hope and prospect for bet­
ter conditions.
1n a recent speech Congressman Simp­
son. a true silver man, spoke in favor of
issuing certificates on the 55 millions of
silver seignoirage, instead of bonds, be­
cause it was a step in the right direction
A report of his speech says:
He said he was one of those fiat lnna
tics who believed that a currency based
on the general wealth of the country and
the stability of the government was more
secure than a currency based on either
gold or silver.
He maintained that a money oligarchy,
had the country by the throat and all
this legislation which sought to strike
down a portion of the money of the
country decreased the debt paying capa­
city and broke the oontMcts under which
the debts were made. The lobbies of
congress, he said, were surrounded by
piratical gangs demanding constant leg­
islation in the interest of gold changers
and bondholders.
The only thing that he regretted in
connection with this bill was that it
would give a lot of democratic and re­
publican congressman a chance to square
themselves with their constituents. They
will vote for this bill and claim to lie
bimetallists like the gentleman from
North Dakota, Mr. Johnson.
Congressman Johnson has voted on
the silver question, and gone on record
too clearly to ever have his position mis
understood. He voted for the gold
standard in the Sherman law repeal,
spoke in favor of it, and has been active
in the service of such a policy since. No
vote to coin the little silver happening
to be left over in the treasury, and al­
ready belonging to the government, can
convince North Dakota people that
Congressman Johnson is a bimetallist or
in favor of the white metal as money.
IT is wonderful to hear the Chicago
Record declare that the country is on
the very verge, on the actual edge, of
great prosperity and a few months at
most will see the business depression all
gone. The reasons given for this state
men are that mercantile stocks are get­
ting low that the Wilson bill will be
settled soon and manufacturers must
resume. The Record like other city
journals is firmly grounded in the error
that manufacturers alone regulate the
prosperity of the country.
Other reasons given are that banks
have plenty of money to loan and people
will soon be obliged to purchase new
clothing, and general supplies. This
will revive things, says the Record, with­
out ever asking how people are to get
the money to buy with.
Of course it is well to take the bright
side, of thie matter and no other view
is permitted to go into the columns of
the big dallies. They took the bright
side when silver was repealed now they
take the bright side on the prospeot of
tariff settlement. But the other side
proved the correct one after the silver
bill had passed and the present outlook
is that the beautiful predictions now be­
ing made over the tariff adjustment will
also fade into the gloaming, and not be
realized. Settlement of tariff can not
restore the prosperity of the business
world, and the people nan not be much
longer deceived by the big newspapers
saying so.
AT THE recent national committee
meeting of the people's party at St.
Louis, it is easily seen that experience
has taught that party a valuable lesson.
The people's party is not going to en­
cumber the fight in the next campaign
with useless issues. In this respect the
last election seems to have taught them
political wisdom. The money question
alone will be the guage of battle, and
free coinage of gold and silver, and the
direct issue, by the government alone, of
legal tender greenbacks neoessary for
the transaction of legitimate business,
will be the material with which the inde­
pendents will go before the country to
oppose the gold combination. The peo­
ple will not be confused by a multiplicity
of issues, and impracticable demands.
The one, single, plain-spoken, directly
advocated currency question has been
wisely decided on as enough to ask a
verdict upon in 1896. Congress is making
the ammunition, is manufacturing
plenty of it. The next campaign will not
be wholly obscured by tariff smoke
\jlown in the faces of the great army of
voters, who will decide the most import­
ant question of government that has
arisen since the emancipation of the
slaves.
A GLANCE at the last issue of the North
Dakota Independent shows that the
question of the currency is not being
neglected by that journal. There are
several timely articles on money and
bonds, and while the writers do not pre­
tend to be great financiers or statesmen
as we have in Washington, yet they pre­
sent the phases of the subject in a clear
light, and are more likely to be believed
by the people than are the utterances of
the Shermans, Clevelaods, Wilsons, and
others whose policy has only led to dis­
aster.
In the issue referred to M. D. Williams
gave some facts about how much of the
world's money is "fiat" and how much
metallic, aud District Attorney Keims of
New Rockfoid produced statistics show­
ing the extra burdens the people assume
in increasing the issue of the bonded
debt and the wrongs that policy neces­
sarily entails.
SECRETARY CARLISLE recommends that
the light on the statue of liberty.in New
York harbor be permanently extin­
guished, on the grounds of economy.
The government has become so poor
that it cannot afford to keep a light in
the symbol of liberty that first greets a
voyager from over the sea on his arrival
in this boasted "land of liberty."
By continuing the policy of the pres­
ent administration in aiding the owners
of gold to destroy half the money of the
people, and in other ways aseisting the
passage of legislation proposed by the
already rich, Secretary Carlisle is doing
all be can to permanently extinguish
the noble light of liberty throughout the
whole country. The people expected
something very different when they
elected Cleveland.
THE subject of diversified farming and
the profits in it are discussed elsewhere
by a practical farmer. He differs from
the farm theorist who sit6 in an office
and alleges that farmers can only get
along by raisitg a little of everything
and not much of anything. In a
country pre-eminently adapted to
wheat growing and the raising
of a quality of wheat of special excellence
it is a poor encouragement to declaim
against sowing what the 6oil IH best
adapted for.
The dogma that over production of
wheat is the cause of its low price when
thousands are hungry and unable to buy
flour, is absurd on its face. Something
else is the matter, not the fact that too
much wheat is raised.
THE state board of university and
83bool lands have about 990,000 belong­
ing to the permanent school fund to in­
vest which they are judiciously investing
in district school bonds which are bard
to place outside of the state, either be­
cause of the short time which they run
or because of the small amount, and the
expense which would attend the disposal
of them by the individual school boards.
The terms under which bonds are taken
by the board is at par and at six per cent
interest. The investment of the per­
manent fund in this manner is an excel*
lent arrangement for all school corpora­
tions as, the same month in which the
interest is reoeived it is apportioned to
the different districts pro rata.
THE new supreme court judge, Justice
White of Louisiana, is said to be an
authority on civil law as found in the
code of Napoleon, which in turn was
adapted from the old Roman law. Louis­
iana is largely settled by the descendants
of the French and French laws and cus­
toms prevail. It iE the only state in the
I'ninn adopting the Napoleonic code.
Jfc 'Wm
?r
If Justioe White briugs to the beaoh a
full understanding of the spirit of thnt
oode, the best relio of Napoleon, and his
most lasting monument, the new justice
will prove a decided acquisition to the
court.
EKASTUHWIMAK of New York, who has
been a well known magazine and news­
paper authority on leading public ques­
tions, and who has prepared material for
Dun Jk Co's commercial agency reports,
has been arrested and jailed on oharges
of forgery. The people who permit Wall
Street to mould their opinions are rely­
ing on the same kind of arguments pre­
sented by Erastus Wiman. Wall Street
education is a dangerous doctrine for
the remainder of the country to receive,
and the men who propogate it are free­
booters and servants of every monopoly
that flourishes.
IT is understood that Frank Gage, for
many years a faithful worker on the Fargo
Argos force and a thorough newspaper
man, has been placed in control of the
paper, vice G. K. Shaw. Mr. Gage is
one of the reliable newspaper men of the
state aud has had a long experience in
the business. He also has a wide
acquaintance and undoubted ability.
He has no enemies and hosts of friends.
The Argus ought to become abetter
paper than ever with Gag) at the helm.
THE press of the state is giving gener­
ous reference to the Fair which is to be
held at Jamestown, September next.
Several of the newspapers, however, refer
to it as a county fair. This is not an
adequate description, for the bcope of the
enterprise will take in the entire James
River valley, at least. The James River
Fair has outgrown its county proportions.
It will be the only state Fair of the year,
and promises to be a big event.
Gov. MCKIXLEY is booked for a speech
at the state Chautauqua at Devils Lake
next summer. This means that the
magnetio governor has his electric eye
set steadfastly on the Polar star of the
presidency. But the tariff may not be
the compass which will guide the bril­
liant wayfarer to the White house. Gov.
McKinley can not play a national tune
with general approval, on the tariff
atring.
SPEAKING for the oaotus legislation,
Senator Hausbrough argues that con­
gress readily appropriated large sums
for rivers and harbors and warships, but
is very slow to do anything to benefit
agriculture, the basis of all our wealth.
The legislation he seeks is fully as ap­
propriate to be passed as the pleuro­
pneumonia act which protected cattle
from diseases by spending $2,000,000.
IN the tariff debate a great deal of
time in the house waa taken up in the
discussion of diamonds—more, it is
claimed, than in considering the effects
of the bill on the great cereal produc­
tions of the country. The fortunes of
the diamond wearing classes are of more
solicitude to the members of the present
congress than the welfare of the 30,000,
000 agricultural workers.
SECBETAKT MOBTON
is not only trying
to defeat the Russian cactus legislation,
but is endeavoring to prove by extracts
from newspapers that the people regard
the weed as a benefit rather than curse.
Morton is consistent in his opposition to
the agricultural interest* of the country
and is evidently regarded as a man of
immense agrarian knowledge by the
president.
Gov. JACKSON of lowu, is going to
make the republican legislature live up
to the platform the people elected it on
and pass a license law. If not, the gov­
ernor will call an extra session of the leg­
islature for this purpose. The republic­
ans of Iowa can not much longer trifle
with prohibition. They must repeal the
law or turn the 6tate over to the demo­
crats.
THK democrats in the house who are
preventing a vote on the Bland seignoir­
age bill by filibustering will be spotted
and many a patronage-branded states
man who thinks the postoffice and other
appointments will secure him re-election
is very likely to disappear in the com­
mon crowd at home, again, and become a
simple unit of the population once more
THE Fargo Forum speaks of the Capi­
tal as a paper that might be willing to
endorse certain candidates for governor
and treasurer, "if seen"—whatever that
means. The Forum says that the Capi­
tal frankly states it does not know Hon.
N. K. Hubbard, or George Nichols of
Cass county, the possible candidates re­
ferred to.
WORDS of approbation from the Tower
County Tribune, are appreciated by The
Alert. The Tribune is glad to strike
hands with us, and believes it best "to
place the interests of the whole country
paramount to partisan doctrines and
prejudices, and to strike for justice and
equality."
THE recognised friend and organ of
the Lloyds, bankers, The Capital, saya
The Alert tried to squeeze 85,000 out of
the Lloyds to "keep still" on their bank
failure. That is an awful big price for
the Lloyds to pay for anything except
gold bricks. It appears that the Lloyds
got The Capital to "Keep still" for con­
siderably lees.
EVERT gold standard newspaper editor
in North Dakota will gladly receive silver
certificates on subscription and take
chances on their being redeemed in gold.
The editor would very likely test their
redemption qualities in dry goods, groc­
eries, or possibly a little chewing tobacco.
TOR commission to codify the state
laws, which body consists of three good
lawyers, has had another meeting and it
is assured are at work on the job. This
work must be ready for the next legisla­
ture which promptitude the last com­
mission signally failed to observe.
SENATOK SHEIWAN has not, advocated
a government bond issue for several days.
He must be "off his feed." However, he
can be relied on to turn up at the right
time when it is necessary to have "an
able, statesman-like and patriotic
speech" for the gold combination.
THE report that Congressman Johnson
was secretly opposing the Russian cactus
bill, seems incorrect. He is in favor of
it, but not confident of its success. The
Minot Journal insists that Mr. Johnson
will not fight any bill that would benefit
the state.
IT is stated that the president's pie
oounter has been so greatly depleted in
getting the Sherman law repealed and in
the supreme court confirmations that
congressmen are not as easy to handle
as before.
A CHICAGO newspaper reporter has
started cut to interview the polar bears
that climb the north pole. Newspaper
outs of that celebrated affair may be ex­
pected shortly.
THE Alert is in receipt of a package of
diversified garden seeds—spinach, toma­
to, bean, beet and parsnip seeds—from
Congressman Johnson.
School Funds Apportioned.
The apportionment of the state tuition
fund for the first quarter of this year
has been made by the state superintend­
ent, and the county treaaurers and super­
intendents notified of the same. Stuts­
man county, with a school population of
1,402, will receive a total apportionment
of $1,710.44, $771.10 of which is received
from the interest and income fund and
$939.34 frem fines, taxes, etc. The rate
per capita from the interest and income
fund is 55 cents, and from fines and taxes
G7 cents, making the total state tuition
fund rate 91.22.
The total apportionment for the 58,434
school children in the state is $71,289.48,
of which 832,138.70 is received from the
interest and income fund. Of the thirty
nine counties in the state eleven receive
less than 8500 five over $500 and less
than 81,000 fifteen over 81,000 and less
than $5,000 four over 85,000 two receive
over $6,000, and Grand Forks and Cass
counties each receive over 87,000. Grand
Forks county leads the list with an ap­
portionment of 87,339.52, and Billings
oounty comes last with the least, $29.28
Advertised Ifetters.
List of letters remaining unclaimed in
the postoffioe at Jamestown. North Da
kota, for the week ending February 27,
1894:
LADIES.
Foster, Miss Nellie Harris, Mrs S A 2
Newcomb, Mrs Mandy
GENTLEMEN.
Frick, McBride, E A
Livingston, Pat Taylor, J£dward
If not called for within 14 days, will
be sent to the dead letter office. In call­
ing for these letters, please say adver­
tised, and give date of this list.
C. P. SMITH. P. M.
$100 Reward, $lOO.
The reader of this paper will be pleased
to learn that there is at least one dreaded
disease that science has been able to
cure in all its stages, and that is catarrh.
Hall's Catarrh Cure iB the only positive
cure known to the medical fraternity.
Catarrh being a constitutional disease,
requires a constitutional treatment.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
acting directly on the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system, thereby destroy­
ing the foundation of the disease, and
giving the patient strength by building
up the constitution and assisting nature
in doing its work. The proprietors have
so much faith in its curative powers, that
they offer One Hundred Dollars for ony
case that it fails to cure. Send for list
of testimonials.
Address, F. J. CHENEY & CO.,
Toledo, Ohio.
K9~Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Dissolution of Partnership.
The co-partnership heretofore existing
between the undersigned under the firm
name of Wells & Diokey (and from 1885
to 1887 under the style of the North Da­
kota Loan and Trust company, a co­
partnership), are this day dissolved by
mutual consent. E. P. Wells assumes
and will pay all liabilities of, and to him
muat be paid all moneys due to, said
firms. The business will be conducted
by said Wells under the style of the
Wells and Dickey company. Signed
E. P. WELLS.
ALFRED DICKEV.
Dated Jamestown. North Dakota, De­
cember 16, 1893.
Try Dr. YonHaish's Secret for Rheu­
matism and Neuralgia. A sure cure or
no pay. Send five cents in stamps fo
sample doees. Address Carl F. Haish,
917 15th Ave. 8. Minneapolis, Minn.
Kindly mention this paper when writing.
IMIes! Piles! Itching I'llm.
MY MITOHM—Moisture intense IMIIIIK unit
IIKIIIK IIHWI at nlffht worse by scratcliinK. IT
allowed to continue tumors form, which often
mewl and ulcenrte, becoming very tore.
"WAYNKS OINTMENT stop* the It rbinp mill
mewling, lu-nta ulceration, and in most.cases
removes Uu tumors At UrtiifKisti, or l»y mall,
for ..i rents. |»r. Swiiync Jt Soil, l'lill i(lcl|liia.
CLIPPINGS FOR"C"I CABINET.
Nnmtruui Newspaper Bcrapbooka K«pt
foriMemliera of the Administration.
The keeping of scrapbooks is one of
the most intafcsting employments
among government officials of the
present administration. As a rule,
(clippings of a highly complimentary
inature are more apt to reach the cabi
inet officers than defamatory articles.
The private secretary or other subor­
dinate doesn't care, says the Washing­
ton News, to give his chief a bad taste
in the mouth by turning over to him
articles calling him a prince of scamps,
and so the chief often dwells iu gar­
dens of blissful ignorance, The great­
est enanies of the vanity of public
officials are those persons who have
been turned down by them or who are
,in the list of their political enemies.
.The average cabinet officer as well as
the members of congress can depend
,on these persons to send them a suffi­
cient lot of literature devoted to prop­
agating etories of their meanness.
'Companies that deal in clippings are
'resorted to at times for all stories
about them by prominent men. These
companies, for a trifling fee, furnish
all articles appearing in the papers
throughout the country containing
inferences to their clients, and for one
who wishes to be comprehensive in his
collection and to save himself work it
is the very best method. One of the
greatest collections of clippings is
'made for the president. Mr. Mont­
gomery, one of the clerks of the white
(house, haa for several administrations
prepared scrapbooks of the comments
land news articles of the leading news­
papers of the country. These he ar
iranges according to the subject. When
'President Cleveland was previously in
the white house there were accumula­
ted about thirty books of clippings for
,him. When he again leaves, there
will be as many more volumes ready
for him to take along.
THE AMERICAN BUFFALO.
Eitlaetion of an Animal That Not Loaf
A to Blackened the Plain*.
When the first white settlers landed
in Virginia the bison ranged east of the
Alleghenies almost to the seacoast,
westward to the dry deserts lying be­
yond the Rocky mountains, northward
to the Great Slave lake and southward
ito Chihuahua. It was the beast of the
forests and mountains, in the Alleghe­
nies no less than in the Rockies, but
its true home was on the prairies and
the high plains, says the Rocky Moun­
tain News.
Across these it roamed hither and
thither, in herds of enormous, of in­
credible, magnitude herds so large
that they covered the waving grass­
land for hundreds of square leagues,
and when on the march occupied days
and days in passing a given point.
But seething myriads of shaggy
[maned wild cattle vanished with re­
markable and melancholy rapidity be­
fore the inroads of the white hunters
and the steady march of the oncoming
(settlers. Now they are on the point
of extinction.
Two or three hundred are left in
that great national game preserve, the
Yellowstone park, and it is said that
others st^ll remain in the wintry deco­
llation of Athabasca. Elsewhere only
.a few individuals exist, probably con­
siderably less than half a hundred all
told, scattered in the wildest and most
romantic and inaccessible portions of
the Rocky mountains.
A bison bull is the largest American
animal. His huge bulk, his short,
curved.black horns, his shaggy mane,
clothing his great neck and shoulders,
give him a look of ferocity which his
conduct belies. Yet he is a grand and
noble beast, and his loss from our prai­
ries and forests is as keenly regretted
by the lover of nature and of wild life
as by the hunter.
LADY DETECTIVES IN PARIS.
Unknown to Ton Tbojr May It* on I#«r
Invitation l.Ut.
Apropos of the affair of espionage
which was tried in Paris recently a
"high official of the detective depart­
ment has made some curious remarks,
lie affirms, says the London Tele­
graph, that a number of ladies well
known to Parisian society do not dis­
dain to offer their services occasionally
to the police for cash down. These
are the "auxiliaries," but there are
others, who receive regular pay, vary­
ing from eiyht hundred to twelve hun­
dred francs per month, besides certain
sums for which they have to give an
account. In illustration of what he
means this official relates an instruct­
ive anecdote:
Some time ago one of liis friends
who had bought a house in the neigh­
borhood of the Arc de Triumphe gave
a housewarming party, and a day or
two before he called and expressed the
hope that he would not seud him any
of his "spies." "Have yon the list of
your guests?'' asked a colleugue who
happened to be in the rooin. with a
smile. The list was handed to this of­
ficial, who presently returned it with
the remark: "It would be useless to
trouble you. You have already five
here." The functionary in question
added that the ladies who made a
specialty of reign politics were lesa,
numerous, but cost much more,.and,
he explained, "their point d'attaclie is
not with us, but at the (Juai d'Orsay."
A Ttd# on Und.
l'Vom observations made ut two Prus-:
ftian stations at Teneriffe in t.S8i, 18U0
and 1801, showing slight and continu­
ous changes of position of the plane of.
the horizon. Dr. vou Kebeur I'aschniU.
has concluded that the relatively rigid'
surface of the earth is subject to a'
movement of rising and falling like the'
ocean movement that produces the
tides. The amplitude of the observa­
tions is very slight, but the apparatus^
used made it clearly perceptible. The
direction of the plumb line also points
to a daily disturbance, which is attrib­
uted, in conjecture, to solar radiation.
A third kind of movement may be re­
ferred to distant earthquakes.

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