Newspaper Page Text
The Jamestown Alert.
DAILY (EXCEPT SUNDAY) & WEEKLY THURSDAY. AUGUST 113. 1894. S S The Daily Alert is delivered in the city by ca rlert, at 50 cents a month. Daily. one year $a Daily,nix mouths 8 00 Daily, three months ISO Weekly, one year 2 00 Weekly, six months 100 W. R.KELLOGG. SENATOR PETTIGREW stated quite plainly iu a recent speech bow the Wil son tariff bill failed to help the country at large, and particularly the farming class. The claim was made by Senator Voorhees that the reduction in the bill, on various articles, including metals, tobacco, agricultural products, woolen manufacturers, and goods put on the free list, would amount to 376,670,000. The articles on the free list then in cluded raw wool and other farm pro ducts to the amount of nearly the total reduction claimed in the free list, viz.: 812,170,000. This, the farmers are made to stand. The reduction on such articles as kid gloves, jewelry, paintings, furs, ostrich feathers, etc., was only 91,122,000, about half in the total of the item of sundries, and are all articles used by the wealthy. The metal reduction claimed of $12, 500,000, included over 87,000,000 on tin plate—to be given to the English pro ducers, instead of kept at home. On the item of reductions in woolens the senator said: "Let lis examine this item of reduc tion on woolen goods, 823,500,000. Not 1 cent of this vast sum will be saved to the farmers or other producers of this country, aud 818,050,000 is taken off from fancy goods, cloths out of which swal low-tailed coats are made, goods which are imported by the dudes because they are foreign goods, imported by New York's idle Four Hundred, descendants of the millionaires of a former genera tion, who would not wear American goods if th^y weie better than the im- ported. "The total reduction of duties by this act is $76,670,000, of which 845,248,000 is taken off from silks, fancy dress goods, (for the backs of the rich), wines, tobac cos and jewelry, ostrich feathers, and from the products of the farm and 831,462,000 off from the things used by the masses, How does the bill make up (or this loss of revenue? Those friends of the people do it by one stroke of the pen. They levy a duty of 114 cants on sugar, which is now free, and as we im port 3,600,000,000 pounds per year a duty of cents amounts to just 345, 000,000. And yet the framers of this bill pretend they are they are the cham pions of the rights of the producing masses.11 Tbe above is interesting in the light of the approaching passage of the bill and the changes that have recently been made will not, probably, make a great difference in the above estimates of re ductions. Senator Pettigrew scored the New England representatives for their oppo sition to free silver coinage, which has •fiat the country on a gold basis, as he ..say*, and "ruined the silver, cotton and wheat producers, and in fact all other producers." He added: I am convinced that the only people who hold a logical position in this con troversy are the silver men of the west who insist that tbe free coinage of silver, and a protective tariff go hand in hand that this is the true doctrine of the re publican party, and that upon this plat form alone cae tbe republican party re main power." Th*ce are words of foresight and shrewdness, but the warning and the plea seem of little avail in the light of recently held republican conventions in the west. Even in the farm state of North Dakota the financial policy of old England and New England is reflected in the state platform of Mr. Pettigrew's party, although sugar coated with a slippery phraseology. POLITICAL combination is the order of the day in nearly every state in the west and south where the circumstances war rant it. No rale or general principle prevails to determine the action of the different parties. No sentiment in herited from the past-seems to staod in the way. Fusion is regulated solely by the exigencies of the occasion, the weak est factions uniting on the common grounds of opposition to the stronger faction. In Alabama republicans and independents combine against the ad ministration or regular democrats. Fusion is going on in other states and is carried into every county. In western states where the republicans are strong, the democrats and independents unite. In Iowa the democrats have just nomi nated for congress General J. B. Weaver, the well-known independent, on a silver platform. In Minnesota tbe prospect is that Owen, the independent nominee for governor, will be endorsed by the dem ocrats on his merits as a man, and if not officially endorsed will be voted for any way by many democrats. There may be a fusion in Indiana and other central states of old and new tickets. Tbe breaking np of party lines, held together simply by associations and tra ditions, is going on all over tbe country. The needs of localities, and the circum stances that surround the case, deter mine the action of the readjustment. It is a case of survival of the fittest and tbe details of the work to accomplish this are losing their importance in view of tbe general result to be obtained. Snob combinations are now impossible tc prevent, and whether the leaders pre vent them in conventions or not, the peo pie are becoming independent—thinking voters, and will exercise the right to select the men they think will do the most good'for the people. The direct re forms that are needed, and whioh have caused this decided tendenoy to forget party traditions can come first and fore most through the election of members of congress and state legislatures. In this state, for instanoe, the election of a congressman is of the utmost import ance to the independents and to those who are in favor of the free coinage of American silver. This is greater in con sequence than the success of any other candidate on that ticket. The legisla ture comes next in importance especially the senate whose members elected this year vote for a United State senator two years from next January. Issues, not individuals, are controlling and guiding the intentions of voters more completely this year than for many campaigns. Even in North Dakota where the farmers have long let others do the thinking for them, with mighty poor legislative oon sequences, this process of thinking hard about who is to legislate for them, is go ing on. THE bouse of representatives, by party caucus Monday, decided to ac oept tbe senators version of the tariff bill. Senators Oorman, Brice and Smith, with others from the southern sugar-producing states, have proved they were masters of the situation and have completely routed Cleveland and the house, on every important point in the contest. Cleveland's letter was, no doubt, written purely for the effect, it might have in bolstering up his waning reputation before a certain part of the country, where it still had some stand ing, and a small contingent of bis own political party. He probably knew in advance that the house would have to make the chief concessions in the mat ter of the tariff or no tariff bill would be passed at all. Chairman Wilson, the paternal an cestor of tbe ill-fated house measure, washed his hands of the failure of bis bill by throwing the burden of defeat on the iniquitous sugar trust and stating that this grand monopoly bad "the people" by the throat. He might have added, "and congress, too." As showing the weakness and futility of the efforts of the house country to into put the the first stages of the house passed bit free trade, a resolution, after it had adopted the conference committee's report to accept the senate bill, that separate bills be then introduced plac ing coal, wire, sugar and iron on the free list. This of by-play seems a foolish and feeble attempt to make another last stagger at accomplishing what they have been over a year trying to do, and had just before been compelled toabandoD. The tariff bill, as it will come from this congress, is but a modified form of tbe McKinley bill in almost every im portant feature. It can have no effect on the resumption of tbe country's business prosperity, and demon strates nothing but tbe fact that this country's interests are sectionally and locally different, and that no great sweeping system of free trade can ever become tbe law of the whole land to the detriment of certain natural advantages and development of other parts of the nation. The vital principle of legislative protection to our special advantages of climate, of country, intel ligence, population and acquired civilization and situation among the na tions of the earth, has been maintained even by a party that for years has utilized as a campaign cry, free trade with the whole world, and the alleged benign benefite to the American people to follow it. TO VOTE, NOT STRIKE. AT the recent convention of the A. R. U., held in Chicago, the delegates appealed, in a clearly worded request to all members of the order, and to the people generally to vote tbe people's party tickets on the grounds that both the old parties have shown themselves hostile to the interests of the common people and friendly to great corporations. The appeal urges that none but tried friends be voted for. It declares that the struggles between employers and their employes should not be fought out at such great cost to both sides and to the public, and that the policy of arbi tration should be required by law to pre vail instead. This is all tbe union has ever asked, and the soverigo people are appealed to to elect congressmen pledged to this end. Whether the chosen channel through which aid is expected for tbe labor cause, proves to be the proper one or not. All persons are pleased to see the cures attempted by the railway strike dis carded for the ballot. That is the remedy good citizens hope organized labor hereafter will use. It is a constitu tional right, and the most effective yet peaceful instrument that was ever offered to working men. Tbe position of tbe A. R. U. in this matter can not be criticised, and the new departure may be the leading force in shaping national legislation in the next congress. There is no question bnt what organ ized labor throughout the country shows a marked intention to follow a new chan nel in political work and tbe managers of both old parties are already listening for information as to which way the wind is blowing. This new movement on the part of united labor will lend a variety and real interest to the next elections never before felt by the working people them selves in this country. THE Nelson County Observer, pub lished at the home of Congressman Johnson urges the farmers to stop and think, saying it is time. No one denies that. In this, the Observer is quite right, but iu other statements tbe reader must decide. All the iesponsibility for the present depression is laid to the two years of dem ocratic administration and the Observer seems to be foolish enough to go on record as declaring there was no oanse for complaint before that time, and that people changed administrations for amusement. The populist party is spoken of as blossoming anaroby, and dismissed from consideration. Tbe Observer with a nerve equal to the congressman's in whose village the paper is published, says restore the re publican party to power and "wheat will boom, wool will go to 20 cents instead of 7, as now, and eggs 12% cents as of yore, wheels in motion, labor called for and well paid in good money, silver, gold and paper made plentiful, and good, by safe legislation." With Congressman Johnson's votes on silver in view there is no prospect of silver being made plenty, or paper either, for tbe principle he voted for means gold alone as the legal money and standard of value and that principle has been de clared for in nearly every republican state platform since. Such arguments and statements are simple demagogy and appear to be an outline of the glittering generalities and rank campaign promises which Congress man Johnson will attempt to impose on the people of North Dakota this year, in his plea for re-election. MODERN* scientific photography has taken views of the moon, in sections, the parts fitting together making a complete view. The instruments used have reached such a state of perfection that it is said: Were there towns, forestE, rivers, they would be perceptible. It is possible to measure the heights of lunar mountains from the shadows which they cast on plains. Gentle undulations of ground are continued for hundreds of kilometers ascending into mountains as if on a symmetrical plan. A peculiarity of the lunar landscape is the great number of circus shaped valleys of vast depth and great regularity of formation. Many other valleyB seem like chinks in the mountains, and are sinuous, but differ in aspect from those of this planet, which are beds for water courses. The photographs confirm tbe theory that the moon's surface was modeled under conditions widely differ ing from those which gave to the earth its present relief. Tte wonders of the heavens have been mostly unfolded to tbe human intelli gence heretofore by the great inventions md improvements in the telescope and spectroscope. It is plain that photogra phy is to play a more important part hereafter in the same field of research. In fact it is within the range of proba bilities, that the photograph may solve stellar and solar mysteries not yet deemed possible by tbe other inventions. Gov. KNUTE NELSON of Minnesota, has made a speech which is highly praised by the Twin city republican press, as a fair statement of the questions of the day from a republican point of view. The speech is long and probably as good a plea for the re-election of himself and ticket as will be heard this year in that state. Interest is added to the speech because Nelson is to make it in the Red river valley of this state, it is said, while our own Congressman Johnson is to orate in turn in Minnesota, probably for the reason that being new men, speaking the same languages, the more weight will be attached to what they say by those who do not know them personally, but recognize a national kinship. Nelson's speech in Minnesota attempts to assure the people that a continuance of old methods of legislating for the pub lic will be tbe best for the people. He makes what has been described as a "careful, laborious, plausible address" and is a good lawyer with the experience and words at command to make the very best side apparent in what he says. He speaks as a personal candidate for re election as governor of Minnesota, and for a future seat in tbe United States senate in place of Washburn, the repre sentative of tbe Canadian Pacific road and tbe millers' trust. STATE SENATOB KINTEK'S record and speeches in tbe last legislature, and his recent utterances in favor of resubmit ting tbe liquor question to a vote of tbe people, are perfectly consistent. At tbe last legislature he voted against the re submission bill, on the grounds that tbe law had not then had a fair trial, and stated repeatedly that two years from that time be would favor resubmitting the amendment to a vote, as tbe law then would have bad a reasonable time in which to Ehow its strength or weak ness. The republican papers of tbe state are bound to support Roger Allin on the opposition to resubmission, on the straight prohibition platform, and to court the straight prohibition vote, as the party has always done in North Da kota. With this purpose in view, tbe press may be expected to accuse Mr. Kinter of swapping his principles, etc but his record and his speeohes on that question are entirely in aooord with a disinterested endorsement of what is only fair proposition at best, the re submission for approval or lejection of the state's "blind pig" law, otherwise known as the prohibitory law. THE Bottineau Pioneer's style of com mencing a campaign is a rare specimen of ignorant and all sufficient criticism. Speaking of the challenge for joint de bate, issued by Hon. E. D. Wallace to Hon. Roger Allin on the issues of the day, the Pioneer blurts out: Allin will probably be sensible enough to decline, being a doer and not a talker to any extent. Mr. Wallace seems to think because nature made such an alarming mistake in giving him a mouth, he must therefore infiict himself in de bate upon a suffering public. However, he has the good sense to choose for an opponent a man who lays no claim to distinction as a public speaker. Mr. Wallace himself lays no special claim to being a publio speaker. He simply desires to present bis side of the arguments in favor of the independent ticket to the voters, as best he may, and relies more on the merits of the cause he represents than on oratory. Mr. Allin a public speaker with probably more actual experience than Mr. Wallace. If he fails to consent to a joint debate, it will not be from lack of ability to state his position but for other and more potent reasons. IT IS quite evident that Hon. Roger Allin will not discuss the issues of the campaign in joint debate, as proposed by Hon. E. D. Waliaoe. Mr. Allin's newspaper supporters say there could no good come from a debate of that kind anyway. The Wahpeton Globe says, as one explanation: There is not time enough in one even ing to hold a joint debate without wearying the audience almost beyond endurance. And as neither Mr. Wallace nor Mr. Allin are orators, their joint efforts would not prove popular. No one understands these coneitions better than Mr. Allin, though Mr. Wallace seems eager for the fray. As Mr. Wallace only proposed to dis cuss tbe platforms of the two parties and the issues therein contained, and in the matter of oratory has no advantage over Allin, there is evidently some excellent reason for tbe latter's disinclination to go before the people. It must be in the issues themselves, for in the ability to present them Mr. Allin is claimed to have even an advantage over tbe independent candidate. PRESIDENT LINCOLN once said: "If a government enacts a debt with a certain amount of money in circnlation and then oon tracts the volume of money be fore the debt is paid it is tbe most hein ous crime a government can commit against the people." The circulation of money in this coun try was, in 1965k 861 percapita. By suc cessive acts of legislation since it has been reduced to 324 per capita, nomi nally and in reality crntracted to less than 910 per head, of the actual circulat ing medium. Much of this contraction was done by burning the currency up from 1S65 to 1869, and substituting for the money tnat was then doing tbe bus iness of circulation among the people, the government bond,bearing interest. If this contraction which has been steadily kept up from that day to this, has not been a crime in the meaning of Lincoln's words, what has? THE Farco Argus jaakes an appeal for money to go into tbe republican cam paign fund. The reasons advanced are that the candidates "have no walk away they have a hard fight on their bands and need all the support possible to ob tain." There is nodisguisiog the Argus'sin cerity in this early petition fur aid. Candidate Nichols, for state treasurer, comes from Cass county, at the Argus' own home, and is said to have the moral and financial backing of several wealthy banks and bankers. As the oftiee of treasurer is suggestive of funds and finances, perhaps tbe cry for succor, as above outlined, may be expected to have more ready response,closer to the home of the petitioner, than in more distant and lees audible portions of the state. THE Iowa democrats are looking tbe future squarely in tbe face, and in tbe 9th congressional district of that state endorsed Gen. Weaver, the independent nominee, by a large vote, on a straight out platform of free coinage of filver 16 to 1, "without the aid or consent of any nation on earth." That has an Ameri can ring to it, as sound and inspiring as that in a silver dollar itself, and puts the democratic party back again into the fold of the common people, in tbe ninth district of Iowa, if no where else. The populists in tbe 8th Iowa district will endorse tbe democratic nominee on tbe same kind of a financial platform. It is tbe result to be obtained not tbe indi viduals to accomplish it, that» astuat ing tbe Iowa people concerned in these movements. THE state treasurer of Minnesota has 8154,000 Med up in Minneapolis banks that have failed,, and tbe question is asked what is being done to save the state loss? and why are not proceedings begun before bondsmen have tbe chance THE Fargo Argus speaking for Roger Allin says he is bound tosustaiu the law and the constitution, nnd his construc tion of such support would be to veto any penalty clause repeal of the prohib itory law. The Argus is doubtless cor rect. Mr. Allin is an occasional sermon preacher from the pulpit, and both his religious belief and! personal inclinations are for a continuance of prohibition, and the republicans of the state are pledged to support the same policy* both by plat form declaration and by tbe selection of the candidate for governor. CONSUL GENERAL MARAXTA, to Mel bourne, in a recent report says the own ership and control of tbe Australian railways by the government is one of tbe greatest agencies for civilization and development that the colonists have. The people would never consent to a private ownership of the r&ilroada. This is evidence from an observing authority whose personal interests ia America have alwayn been with the present system. THE administration has now lost its acute interest in the success of brunette royalty in tbe Pacific ocean. Interest in the fortunes of Lady Lil, once so eagerly maintained by Cleveland and Secretary Gresbam has gone tip in tbe smoke and volcanic ashes of Hawaii. It must be rather humiliating for tbe president to greet and congratulate President Dole of the island republic, whioh has been done. A LITTLE balm goes a long ways now days. Tbe democrats are loudly rejoicing because they oarried Alabama in a hard fought campaign against the republicans and independents. The reports of fraud and illegal counting of votes are so numerous and apparently so straight that tbe democratic counting machine will have to be credited with special efforts iu tbe suooess of Oates. THE time has gone by when there is any one to declare that the settlement of the tariff will advance prices of products. Even the big daily newspapers have Anally abandoned that claim, which they knew was untrue, all the time, the same as they knew that tbe repeal of tbe Sher man law would not restore prosperity to the country. As prophets the big dailies are N. G. HON. JUD LAMOUHR was not inoluded What is Castoria la Dr. Samuel Pitcher's prescription for Intents and Children. It contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic substance. It Is a harmless substitute for Paregoric, Drops, Soothing Syrups, and Castor Oil. It is Pleasant. Its guarantee is thirty years* use by Millions of Mothers. Castoria destroys Worms and allays fcTerishness. Castoria prevents vomiting Sour Curd, cures Diarrhoea and Wind Colic. Castoria relieves teething troubles, cures constipation and flatulency* Castoria assimilates the food, regulates the stomach and bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep. Cas* torla is the Children's Panacea—the Mother's Friend. Castoria. Castoria li an excellent medicine for chil dren. Mothers have repeatedly told mat its good affect upon their children." Da. 0. C. Ossoon, LowwU, Xu*. Castoria la tbe beet remedy for children of which I am acquainted. I hope the dsy la not far distant when mothers will consider the real interest of their children, and use Castoria in •tead of the various quack nostrums which are destroying their loved ones, by forcing opium, morphine, soothing syrup sad other hurtful •gents down their throats, thereby sending them to premature graves." Da. J. F. XHICUUIB, Oonway, Ark. to put their property out of possession? Another complaint made against the state treasurer of Minnesota i» that he has just invested 8500,000 in bonds of southern states, for tbe school fund, when the money should have been kept at home and invested in Minnesota securities, it being money of Minnesota tax-payers. INSTEAD of reducing tbe high trans portation rate on grain which would really help tbe farmer, tbe Great North ern road has reduced the elevator rates for storage at the single point of West Superior in elevators owned by the com pany and having a capacity of only 3,500,000 bushels. The reduction is half tbe old rate of one cent a bushel. This is something, of conrse, and may result in competing other elevators to do the same, but if the Oreat Northern road really desired to secure for tbe farmers a little better price for wheat, as it says, why not cut the railroad rates a few cents, instead of elevator rates a halt a cent? Castoria. Castoria Is so well adapted to childm thai I recommend Mas superior to any prescription known to me." H. A. Aacna,]L D., Ill So. Oxford St., Brooklyn, N. Y. "Our physicians In the children's depart ment have spoken highly of their experi ence in their outside practice with Castoria, and although we only have among our medical supplies what is knowta as tegular products, yet wears free to confess that the merits of Castoria has won us to look with favor upon it." UNITED HOSFITAL AND Disraxaiar, Boston, Mas* Aium C. SMITH, Pre*., The Csatair Ooapaay, T! Murray Street, ITew Tork City. in the executive oommittee of the repub lican state central committee. Jud is simply the committee man from Pem bina county, North Dakota—no more and no less—except that he is still Jud LaMoure, whioh is saying a great deal more, in some respects, than can be said of others in other respects. THE Sanborn Enterprise rejoices be cause tbe prohibitionists nominated Roger Allin, as their choice for governor The press of the state seems to generally understand that the republicans will take the chief responsibility of making the prohibition fight of the campaign. THE income tax, about tbe chief re deeming feature of the tariff bill, soon to become a law, if the president does not veto it, is 2 per cent ou all incomes above 94.000 a year. It is reported that Cleveland will let the bill become a law without his signature. NOT a sound has been beard from the Chief of the Pembiaas since the conven tion. Yet the breeze has carried other soundSs along with it, and tike low note of campaign preparation is beard in the land. What are the wild waves saying, Jud? THE western cattle grower may get a benefit oo bis stock from the high price of corn, which will discourage "feeders." Hogs command good prices in the market and wheat fed to hogs seems to be as profitable away to utilize the grain as any. About Dollars. Excavations in Babylon have brought to light a number of bricks, the stamps on which prove them to beat least 4,000 years old. They appear to be as good now as when they were first baked. And when those bricks were made silver was money in the world, at the ratio of about 16 to 1 and it will be again four thousand years after the generation of knaves that demonetized it are all hung by the neck until they are dead—Minneapolis Representative. OPINION OF JOHN A. LOO ALT. "You may theoriae and argue until you are hoarse, yet you will fail to get tbe people to prefer low prices to high ones for their produots. "They know that one bushel of wheat at $1.23 in currency will bny one aore of government land, while it takes 2% bushels at 50 cents to purchase it though it be in gold. They know that a dollar in paper, if legal tender, will pay a dollar of taxes as well as a dollar in gold. They know well enough from ex perience that if you run down tbe prices by lessening the currenoy to bring it to a par with gold, there will be no corre sponding decrease in taxes, and salaries of state, county and municipal officers* nor in the debts they owe." BliAINB ON GREENBACKS. In a speech at Skowhegan, Me., in 1865, James G. Blaine, taking a green back out of his pooket and holding it np to bis audienee, ask: "What is this? A dollar. And it is a good dollar—good for the farmer, the mecbanio, tbe merchant, and everyoody. What makes it a good dollar? Because every dollar's worth of property in the United States is behind it. And that makes it a good dollar." Dr. Price's Crwun Baking Powder World's Pslr Nigkest Medsl ssd DipMss.