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HON. F. M. KINTER
Discusses Labor Questions Favors Government Em ployment. Is in Favor of Early Resubmis sion of Prohibition—A Fair Proposition. The democratic rally filled the court room last night vith a good audience. The band met the speakers at the Glad stone and escorted them to the hall. The platform was handeomly decorated with flags. Chairman Spurling of the oounty committee introduced the speakers. Their remarks were listened to in the same careful and critical temper which has been shown in all the political meet ings of the campaign. The arguments seemed to be received for consideration and reflection, and while at times there were evidences of approval, the old-fash ioned, hilarious enthusiasm at cutting remarks about "our friends the enemy" were wanting. The local or state issues were chietly discussed by the first speaker, Hon. F. M. Kinter of La Moure, nom inee for governor, who opened his re marks with a general reference to tbe unrest and dissatisfaction among the people which exists, and has existed throughout the state and nation. He re futed the argument of the republicans that this country has been prosperous beyond expectation, because of protec tion that because of it labor has been employed, has been well paid, has had tbe comforts of life, etc. Only about 5 per cent, of the labor of the United States, he said, has been employed in (he protected industries. How then has la bor been employed, well paid, contented and happy under the republican ad ministration of the last thirty years? The great development of this country, assimulating this vast empire west of the Mississippi, building up the great cities of the west, began as far back as 1846 and the Walker tariff. All tbe great states of the west HAVE BEEN BUILT UP SINCE THEN. Here then is the secret of tbe import •ace of labor. All the great states of the welt, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Minne sota, the two Dakotas, Washington, Montana, California, Nevada, all of thee* settled and developed under what the republicans claim their reign of the last thirty years, which they attribate to a high protective tariff. What of labor today? This vast em pire which has sprung up west of the Mississippi river is about completed, he said. We have no more states and ter ritories to settle and to conquer. The labor of the country has no outlet as it had 15,20 or 30 years ago. A reaction has taken place. No more continental railroads will'be wanted in this country for say a half a century to come. What is to come of the great mass of the citi zens of this country that depend upon their daily labor for their support? ThiB is one of the great questions that has come before the American people today This unrest underlying the strata of sooiety today must be met, and by the general government. One of the advantages, perhaps, that may acorue upon the passage of the Wilson bill, he said, is that i». may in crease the production of our manufac tories so as to increase the demand for labor, in that direction. But should this be tbe case there would still be hundreds of thousands of men and women out of employment. If be were running this government, he said, he would go into such public improvements as the construction of the Hennepin canal, one from Buffalo to the Hudson, and other such valuable improvements, and thus give labor and employment for years to come, and be of immense value to the people of the great northwest and help in the shipment of their products to Liverpool, where they are marketed. We have instances in the history of other nations that have shown their wis dom in the employment of labor where there were few other sources of employ ment. He referred to tbe grand high ways which remain witnesses to tbe wis dom of the Romans, and to the city of Paris, beautified by Napoleon using the idle labor. He did not see any other way to settle this unrest. One of the other great questions that must be met was the relation between labor and capital and capital to labor bow far oapital shall be permitted to go that labor may be reduced to tbe mini mum. He hoped relief would come from tbe investigations of tbe labor com mission, which are investigating the labor strikes at Pullman and in the east. In North Dakota there is an nnrest with tbe people in regard to the expendi ture of their money. It is claimed that our taxes are too high. The expendi tures have been beyond the income and the state is said to be in debt about 875,000. Bow are we to pay that debt and run our state government without going intc debt more unless it is by con traction and where will we begin to economize? The coming administration, whether it be republican, demnoratio or independent, hne an unpleasant task to perform. It is always popular to go ahead, to progress, to make improve ments that are encouraging the growing interests o( this great state. In the first place our constitution makers provided for too many institutions. Too many have been organised and too much money spent in building. The last legislature appropriated $75,000 more than the assessment of two years ago will raise to keep np tbe expenses of the state. I would loot cripple the institutions that are already started and under way, but it seems to ma that for tbe present we cannot go forward. The coming legislature has that duty and they will be direleot of duty unless they face it with back bone enough to protect the interest of the people. FAVOR8 RESUBMISSION. There is another great question agita ting the minds of tbe people over the state, more than any other, perhaps. He referred to resubmission. He entered into a discussion of prohibition in Pennsyl vania and in Maine and then said: Kan sas has had prohibition for some years and so has Iowa, two Dakotas, and Ver mont and I believe that in Kansas today prohibition is more successfully enforced than in any other state of the Union, be cause the people of that state are more in sympathy with the law. The history of constitutional prohibition in this state was detailed also. Referring to his former views of this question he stated that he was not only iu favor of prohibition from principle but in favor, when adopted, of letting the poople have a fair test of the law and then again sub mitting it to the people. We have had the law for five years and now there is a desire to resubmit it. It seems to me, that inasmuch as there is to be two years more of the law, at least, that by the end of that time the people ought to be prepared to vote upon it. I am satisfied that, from my standpoint, that it is for the best interests of tbe state. It is for the best interests of the people if this question could be taken out of the field of politics as soon as pos sible. He found in traveling over the state that in some of the districts about all tbe politician has expl iin as to his vote is it for or against resubmission. Some of tbe districts are for and some against. These questions a*e agitating the people more than any other question. The sooner we get it out of politics the better. From a prohibition standpoint I claim the prohibitionists make a mistake. Mr. Kiff tells me that there a large major ity in favor, of prohibition. This ques tion will over be the settled policy of this state until there is a vote. If it is car* ried by a majority vote of the state it will become the settled policy of tbe state and people will rally around the law and enforce it better than at the present time. All over tbe state the law is violated. It is a menace to patriotism. Those that treat with contempt this law will violate any law. Mr. Burke addressed bis remarks chiefly to a discussion of the tariff. He spoke at some length and what he said was listened to with deep attention. Senator Roach gave a polished talk, of an interesting character, on the senate's passage of the Wilson bill. He spoke of the difficulties encountered and yarious factions and interest opposing the pass age of any tariff bill. He detailed the struggle with tbe sugar trust, so called, and defended the senate from the general aspersions that have been cast upon it of late. The speaker renewed bis prediction that free wool would raise the price to the sheep grower—a prediction he made in a letter to The Alert last winter, to which he referred. Senator Roach made a rather remark able statement prediction that the tariff question wasisettled for many years. He believed tbe bill would show its benefits soon and that it was a good measure. On the snbjeot of free silver he stated be was now, as ever an advocate of that policy, He said there was a" upheaval going on in this country. Tbe next great issue to be met was the financial issue and he hoped tbe democrat party would be wise enough to take it up in the interests of tbe people. The Winter Wheat Section. The weather conditions are perfect for a free movement of grain, but the re ceipts in tbe southwest continue dis appointingly small and millers still find it an inconvenience to secure sup plies, says the Modern Miller. Tbe demand for hard wheat continues and prices remain relatively higher than at other points. Fall plowing is completed and evidences of insect damage are in creasing where the plant is from one to two inches above tbe ground. Wheat feeding oontinuee as usual. Methods are improving and results are highly satisfactory as well as profitable, whioh in a great measure accounts for small receipts in the southwest. The north western movement ia dwindling and ar rivals are beginning to fall short of a comparison with one year ago. Corn receipts have slightly increased during the week and offerings of new oorn are becoming more numer ous. The Miller estimatea that 14.17 per cent of the wheat crop is being fed to stock, 63,763,000 bushels. VOL XVIII JAMESTOWN, NORTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY NOVEMBER 1894 JAMESTOWN WEEKLY ALERT. FINOINC THEIR OWNERS. High-bred Canines Finding Their Masters—Trickerv of a Trainer. A Farmer Has Something to Say About Farming and Politics. Mrs. J.M. Bartholomew came in from Bismarck Monday. She states that owners for the hunting dogs removed from the care of Traill, tbe trainer, on account of crueltv, are being found as fast as possible. One mau writes from Ohio that he owns two of the dogs another from Chicago that be owns one. One gentleman who recovered a dog writes Mrs. Bartholomew as follows from St. Paul: "My dog reached home Sunday morning and 1 am exceedingly obliged to you for releasing him from the cruelty of John Traill. He wrote me about Jan. 1 last that the dog was dead, which now proves to have been a lie. I have today written Dr. N. Rowe, editor of the American Field, Chicago, giving him the facts for publication, and as that papei is taken by many who enjoy a day now and then with gun and dog, it may be the means of locating owners of other dogs which Traill had. I will do what I can to prevent owners from en trusting their dogs to his care and keep ing. My dog is getting to be quite him self again owing to your efficient ser vices in the matter." Politics and Farming. To The Alert: The idea has ob tained for years that farmers should not engage in politics, but leave the job in the hands of politi cal lawyers to make l«ws in the interest of their clients—the corporations. For proof of this statement read Judge Trumbull's address. Our ancestors threw off the English yoke because they were taxed without representation. How many representatives have the farmers and laboring men in congress? Are not farmers, the more numerous class, pay ing a higher rate than others? Why then should they not take an interest in the financial legislation of tbe country? and have men to represent their inter ests? Down east in a certain town they were having one of those periodical revivals. It was also during the time of the so called greenback craze, that tbe minister engaged a man in conversation who re marked that he was greatly concerned about the financial condition of the country, that things were looking bad, the national banks were cornering the money, etc. The minister very earnestly replied: My dear sir, don't trouble yourself, there are men appointed to attend to the finances. My dear sir, look right after the interest of your soul. Now we believe the ministers are called to the highest and most sacred work, bat when they stoop, they make very poor politicians. Because a man enrolls himself among the professional classes be must not imagine they have a monopoly of the brains. This playing "see-saw" with the tariff for the amusement of politicians and tbe deceiving of tbe taxpayers ought to stop. Better by far raise the revenues for tbe government by direct taxation and tax on incomes and inheritances than thiB selfish squabble for protection. Tbe re publican party have run the government for over thirty years under the highest protective tariff ever known. Tbe demo crats were pledged to undo mischievous legislation of the republicans. They passed the Oorman bill endorsing tbe sugar trust legislation of the republicans and now democrats are asking them selves "Where are we at?" The old parties differ on the question of protection only in degree and location. When you hear a democrat talkiog pure democracy and Bndd Beeve you want to put a Cleveland collar on him and mark him down a member of tbe plum trust. There are not enough straight demoorate in Barnes county for pall bearers to a democratic funeral. Now is the time, farmer?, to batten up theoracks in the stables and be sure stock is well housed, for it is poor eoonomy, to say nothing of the cruelty, to let cows stand out in open pens dur ing the frosty nights of November. Famers should pay more attention to politics and do less fall plowing, for late fall plowing for wheat will only run them in debt. It never pays—while a little study of the financial situation will give you an eye opener but whatever else ia neglected don't forget to go to the polls on the 6th of November and mark a vote for Walter Mmr and free silver. V. L. CRAIG. E. M. Sanford for states attorney. The Tariff Fraud. E. F. Horn: I came from a strong tariff state, Pennsylvania, but have always been a free trader. I have been engaged in the sheep business for a good many years and believe that a man who raises sheep ought to be able to wear woolen clothes not cotton goods, as most of tbe farmers have to wear. But it you will investigate it you will find that tbe best of the clothing worn by farmers is shoddy stuff—a little cheap wool mixed with rags and cotton, while most of the farming community wear overalls and glad to gst them. During the last ten years farming has been get ting worse. Bad prioee have hurt the country far more than bad crops. All this time we have been living under a high tariff. Now the democrats have changed it a little, but there is no pros pect of it helping the farmer and the laboring man as I can see. About all our legislation ie against farming and in the interests of other industries. When you Btrike a blow at every farming you hit other industry. For these reasons I am a people's party man, for I believe a change in our financial legislation as demanded by them, is of far greater im portance than any further legislation on 'the tariff, which is claimed to be the only real issue by the leaders of the old parties. Campaign Bunco Steering. T!'« last issue of the New Rockford Transcript contained an unusual number of rank mis-6tatements purposely sprung at the close of the campaign to make it difficult to refute them. One of these fictions is that that the populist admin istration reduced tbe railroad taxes and raised the farmers taxes by raising laod values all over tbe state. The facts are: The state board of equalization consists of nine members, one from each of the six judicial dis tricts and the governor and attorney general. At the last meeting of the board the motion to reduce tbe assess ment on the Northern Pacific branch lines from 83,500 to 83,000 a mile, was voted for by five members of the board, the one'republican and four democratic members, and voted against by the at torney general, auditor and governor and one other member, a minority of the board. Is this tbe act of the popu list administration as the Transcript says? The records say not, and the rail road men say the reduction is simply fair any way according to tbe productive ness of the branch lines. Another sample Transcript fake pur posely started to fool some of the Eddy county people, is this: "The populist administration raised the value of almost every farm in the state for assessment purposes, but they are very careful to assist the railroads in tbe matter of little or no taxation. Let any pop. who denies this statement call at the auditor's offioe and read the popu list state auditor's letter of instruction, which will paralyze the moet skeptical pop." The board of equalization, with a ma jority of democrats and republicans did not raise the value of almost every farm in the state, at all. The board simply equalized the assessments of lands in several counties, raising it in tbe Red river valley, for instance, in Grand Forks county to equal the values in Cass county—which were held to be reason able—and reducing the assessment in some of tbe western counties where it was held to be too high. Tbe people know that the tax rate levy of 4 mills has been reached long ago and the constitution forbids a higher levy also the debt limit of the state $200,000 can not be exceeded as the constitution prevents it. The yarn therefore that this administration has raised tbe taxes is simply campaign buncombe. E. M. San ford for states attorney. Plenty of Wolves. Geo. Kurtz, who lives in the valley of the James about sixteen miles north of the city, says that there are quite a num ber of prairie wolves in that vicinity and a close watch has to be kept to see that no damage to small stock is done. His dogs have had several fights with the brutes while watching tbe premises. Tbe wolves became so bold as even to attack a sow and pigs near tbe house. Tbe wolf was persistent and seemed de termined to secure a tender young porker and had it not been for the sow would have carried away a juicy meal. The female porcine fought so valiantly, however, that she aotually succeeded in putting the wolf to tiight. The incident was watobed from the house, but a gun could not be used for fear of killing either the sow or pigs. Ove Johnson, who lives ID that neigh borhood has lost one or two sheep by these marauders. Close watch IIRB to be kept upon all sheep folds. Mr. Kurtz, suggests that a wolf hunt with hounds be held by gentlemen of the city who desire good sport. Tbe wolves are supposed to have their dens in tbe coulies and ravines bordering the river and if not caught in the open could be run to earth and then killed. E. M. Sanford for states attorney. 4 ARE THEY HARMFUL? Myriads of Strange South Am erican Insects Invading the State. Sisters Erroneously Charged with Coal Thefts—Stock Shipments. A species of bug—a stranger—has ap peared in this locality in large numbers this fall, and has been tbe source of much speculation as to its name, character and habits. It has been seen for many weeks past, and still is met with—on trees, walks, in stores, offices, homes, barber shops and hotels. What it is, where it came from and where it will go has puz zled many. Recently specimens of the live insects were sent to Prof. Waldron of the Btate experimental station at Fargo for his ex amination, and the information received is that tbe strange insect visitors belong to the hemiptera, or true bugs, this par ticular species being Lygoeus turacus. "It is very closely allied to the chinch bug, which belongs to another, though closely allied genus," says the professor. "I think these insects came originally from South America, where most of their allies live, though on this point I am not quite sure." The insects were first noticed in this portion of the state about the middle of August, at Spiritwood lake, 'i'he bugs were seen iu all stages of growth—from the red-coated young to the black winged adults—hanging in clusters from the limbs, and large numbers on tbe trunks, of the trees. The next instance known of their presence was on Sept. 20, when Wm. Gross found thousands of the wingless young in the timber at tbe junction of the Pipestem and James riv ers, in this city. Nearly a dozen patches of the young, varying from four or five feet to sixty feet in diameter, were dis covered. The wingless larvse, crimson in color, were several deep, and formed a writhing mass. A few fully developed bugs were noticed among tbe young. These patches were found on ground elevated from five to eight feet above the river. One patch was on the river bank and reached nearly to the water's edge. Thousands were seen on the brush, logs, trees and stones. The insects, whi'e in the larval state, remained in this locality for about two weeks, and then suddenly disappeared. The adult bug, which is of tbe lower order of insects the princi pal changes undergone in growth being increase in size and develop ment of wings, is a little less than half an inch in length, dull black in color with small red markings, and has four wings. The first pair are leathery at the base and membranous at the tips. Its mouth parts consist of a single suck ing tube, so that its living is obtained entirely by sucking. Specimens have been watched in hopes to see the process of feeding, but it is not yet discovered how it sustains life, especially at this time of year. The bug has six legs and two long antenna?. The young are similar to the adults except that they are wingless, and are of a bright crimson color. With the growth of wings dark markings appear on the body. This is the first time, so far as known, that these insects have made their ap pearance in the state and fears are enter tained that they are the precursors of the genuine chinch bug. It is hoped, however, that with further investigation the character and habits of the bug may be definitely ascertained and its harm lessners established. The Charge Erroneous. It is reported that tbe assertion has been made by Gen. Thomas Morgan that tbe Catholic sisters stole coal at the Fort Totten Indian reservation, where they havA a school. Bishop Sbanley, in a telegram to the Minneapolis Journal, de nounces these assertions as "infamous lies." Ex-Indinn Agent Maj. Cramsy, who was stationed at Fort Totten during the time when these alleged thefts were made, in an interview, says that tbe coal was furnished the sisters by the govern ment, under contract, to use in the school. During the Grant administration, Maj. Cramsy says, it was decided to apportion the various Indian school districts to separate denominations. Thus, the Epis copalians, Methodists, Baptists and oth ers were given different districts. This Fort Totten station happened to be the Catholic district. After this all the In dian schools of all denominations were made "contract" schools, subject to reg nlar inspection by the government. W hen Indian agent at Fort Totten he with the authority of the government back of him, ordered that this coal be delivered to the sisters at the 6chonl and church. In regard to the latter institu 5J~rT NO 14 tion, there is a paragraph in the rules governing Indian schools whioh says that tbe Sabbath must be properly ob served there must be a Sabbath school, or some other service every Sunday which pupils should be required to at tend. Coal was accordingly sent to the church as well as the school, hence the charge. Increased Stock Shipments. From tbe beginning of the range ship ping season until the close of September last year 150,000 range cattle were mar keted, or about 10,000 less than 1892, says the Montana Stockman and Farmer. The total shipments this year up to Oct. 1 were 170,000 bead, an increase over both tbe preceding years for the same length of time. As a rule the largest shipments of western cattle are made in October and November. The total run for tbe season of 1893 was 313,400, and of 1892, 271,000. From the present outlook the run of 1894 will be somewhere in the neighborhood of 400,000 head. If prices keep up, and there is every reason to be lieve they will, the season will be the best western cattlemen have had in years. To the Voters oi Stutsman County. I came to Stutsman county in 1873, and am here yet. I expect to stay if I can make a living, for the country is good enough for me I would like to say a word to my friends and acquaint ances in Jamestown and the county. I am for tbe tirst time in my residence here, a candidate for a local office that I want and need. 1 have been elected and appointed 10 several public offices in tbe past and for none of them have my ser vices ever been paid for. In early days here I acted as deputy sheriff without pay. After that was the first register of deeds, and county clerk, and saved to the taxpayers of the county considerable money by having tbe assessment roll destroyed because there was no necessity for taxes other than to pay salaries, and in those days we were all new men and acting for mutual benefit. Afterwards I was made first county superintendent of schools, which work I did without pay. I think my friend Boynton, who acted as a deputy, cot at one time $2.00 for bis services. In this capacity I saved to the countv at least S150, which would have gone into tbe territorial treasury. Next was made one of the court house com missioners for construction of court house, and made a bard fight to locate tbe building within a block, or short dis tance of the town. For my services on this commission I also received nothing. Have been a member of the state normal school board and received nothing as salary for services and can say that we saved in careful construction of the building a good Bum for the state, using nothing besides the appropriation. My services have been gratis always, but have done hard work just the same as those who have worked for tbe county and been paid for it. I would like to be elected county judge, and ask in all fair ness it I am not entitled to tbe small reward if any one should be. My record as a public spirited citizen ought to go for something. I believe if tne citizens of Jamestown and the county look at the matter in the light of the above state ments, which can be verified by all old residents, that they will feel like giving me tbeir votes at this time when they will be greatly appreciated. J. W. GOODRICH. Election Prospects. W. H. Bartlett: Notwithstanding all reports I do not believe Miss Bates will carry Valley City for school superin tendent. I am told sbe has never taken an active part in the local W. C. T. tJ. at Valley City, and when she lectures it has been for pay. The chief ladies of the local union are not her supporters. In Carrington I was told that the re port that Mrs. Eisenhuth had but one family where she could visit, was en tirely without foundation. The fact is, that in every home in Carrington except one or two, sbe has a hearty welcome, and tbe vote when counted will give her a good majority. The republican papers also say that Nichols will get all the votes in Fargo but 50. The fact is, that they will give 500 votes against him. Willing to Risk a Bath. W. H. Bartlett in Fargo Common wealth: In the language of Fancher, "We've got them on the run," only they are running our way. I see tbe republi can press have tbe exact figures and we, the populists, are not in it. Well I had rather it to be so now than after the vote is counted. I see Walter Cusbing re ports Barnes county going republican. If it does I will allow Friend Cnshing to wheel me in a wheelbarrow from tbe postoffice to tbe foot bridge across tbe river opposite the waterworks and dump me into the river, if he will allow me to do the same by him if Barnes county does not go republican.