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A YEAl! A(U) AND NOAV HOW TIME MAKES AND MARS POLIT ICAL FORTUNES. The Defeated mul tlu Vietors—Volltlcal llcvolutions It Veil lV'lMltUllto* III Olllcliil Circle-.— from IJiuls to ISuUtllu.sts. A Vow I'.ueliolor tiirls. [Special Correspondence. WASHINGTON, Nearly all tho congressmen arc out of town, thoso remaining! being mueh less than usual. They commence leaving a week before Christmas. The great curren cy debate was before a thinner house than any important discussion for many years, and on the day when the statues of Daniel Webster nnd General John Stark were dedi cated. with several really line and instruct ive orations, there were not at any time XDO men in the house. Absenteeism has been tho curse of this congress, which, tho Democrats say, is because of their excess ive majority. Nevertheless congress has done much, and the bigger part of what it has done has been approved by the people. The Sherman silver law was repealed, and there are few or none Krievo for ir. The federal election law went next, nnd though tlio Mepublicans kicked hard they are now more than reconciled, and why not. seeing they have raptured New York city, West Virginia and Tennos.-ce, with half each of Maryland. North Carolina and .Missouri? Tlio IVpulistsare eniio.Uy s.-vislied, as they have revolutionized North Car, lina. seared Texas badly and ag :at» Alabama. As to the Democrats—w..y, »Ivy h-ivo :e.r to be satisfied, as they have ch.'.iiee to kick. It is a case much like that:/! t!- "foxhunt ing parson in Kngland wiiu argued hat. tho sport was in tho highest di:rn merci ful, giving very much more i. re than pain. Said he: "There are the hounds and the horses. They certainly do si that they enjoy it. YV'c know that the men enjoy it, and nobody can prove for certain that tho foxes don't enjoy it. and so thco you are!" A Few Shortcomings. As to the tariff bill, let it pass lor tho present. All the appropriation bills of la.-t year were approved, and thoso so far passed this year have not been much criti- MRS. PHIL II. SIIEIUDAN. Olsed. Even tho Dockery commission is becoming more popular, nnd, as for the numerous bridge bills, private pension bills, relief bills and things of that sort, of course tho beneficiaries are pleased. It is for what it has failed to do that this con gress is most blamed, and two lapses do serve special and severe condemnation, The government printing office is an hour ly menace to every one who sets foot in it, and if the expccted disaster comes it will make that one at the old Ford's theater building seem a trifle in comparison, yet the quarrel between the two houses con tinues, and the chances are that no action •will be taken till next winter. Neither this congress nor the Fifty-second has paid $1 on that mass of claims which have been pronounced valid by every board and court which has passed on them. The Fifty first congrcss paid nearly all that wero proved good, arid probably the Fifty-fourth •will, for, as one claimant bitterly says, '"Democrats are afraid to pay, and Itepub licans are net, and that is one of the many things which hurt us at the last election. By act of March 3. l~.il, Q^-.' I,. 'S Judge bouse In •o and, a not 11 brate,. New Year's Day, 1S05.— On this anniversary, at once so solemn and FO happy, when Janus liiiions looks !»cTH ways at the \ears and .Jupiter I'luvius open- his cloudy maga/.ino el' t-11• i". 11 s, wo abandon politic-, by comme.n consent, tako stock of tlu1 year just. nnd I \v to as suage our cit-f lor its disappointments by indulging in 1 ri _rhr hope-* the en::.:!)' year. In all the :M year-. -ince i..* civil war there has not been DO T'-3 were passed, and that was the last. Men who furni.-h'-d supples during tho war and men who haw perfectly valid claims are kept out of their n-y all years. It should be romcmbi d. t-.o. that many of tho delayed paynn nts are to be mad' -, not out of tho jsoVfrniiient mon- ., Imt out of a fund specially prated t' the purpose many years njro. There ar- ?t ll :0 Ii«.-vo lutionary war claims nding, wl.ieh h.v. been again and .'.gain declared valid, a-:'! claims for Indian depredations as ennciu sivoly proved as anything can be by hu man testimony, but Uncle Sam is a slow paymaster Then and .Nnw. I One year ayo Mr. Wilr-on, in tho house, find Mr. Vooriiecs, in the senate, were as eurin us that tho new tarilT bill would become a law by the 1st of March. Now Mr. Wilson is among tho left. thou»h with a judgeship in prospect, and though Mr. Voorhees holds his seat there is no specu I lation in his eyes. A year ago Mr. Bland told us newspaper men that tho speedy triumph of silver was certain. He is now badly disfigured, but still in tho ring and della^t as ever. "Willie" Breckinridge was then going down fast. He Is now oorning up again, and once more his silvery voice is heard in the house—occasionally. Mr. Bry^n, tho "boy orator of tho Platte," tfcoii .. ied forward to a senatorship. He 1 of permanent work as a jour- n-ii3 Mr. Bynum has lost interest since tben in politics and is going to Indianap olis to practice law, but owns to being rather put al glad that the new legislature has that city and county in a congression district by itself. Champ Clark is un daunted coining as ever and perfectly confident of back to the Fifty-lifth congress Culberson is to bo father of the next term, but Is perceptibly falling activity and energy. The amiable Hugh iMnsmore, a year ago so popular in con gress and society, is in the far south and feeble with pulmonary trouble that there are grave doubts of his return. Il.vril Money Harter takes no more interot it Saffian*---'-*'-- 1,'?"" .- t. •'!. 1 •. j- if C, tliis congress than In tlu) folkthing of Norway and is ready to nult public life in dlsgu.-t Judge ilolnian will pi home and write a book on his iwperieneo.s here.. Lafe Ponco in as oheorlul as tho cricket oil tho hoarih .Jerry Simpson, who was defeated because 10,000 of his voters moved ink the Cherokee strip, thinks that in all thi* states \v st of lllinui., heopposition to tho KepuMi. an- will be able to unite in lM)!i on a .'..it t' wiili three short planks, for tli ie»f. of the defeated, havo "-.vs v:i sulliciently colo- V. ill ion IVo !o I'lirepre.srnted. the victors, it oes ithout sav that I hoy are 1M it, for tho holdover Ucpnblieans are so f.wv that every onowill noce--: ,i !v be a committee loader or simui c.ther l.ind a le.-.der in the next houso. Tho !\a !o.-t, rhaps, is Mv. Settle of Nif 1-aa, f. he has gained every point ibis \r. is .-tiro of his job and won!,! be I'tii'id St-.ies senator soon if ho were tua so y,Of tho .Republican lnem'Hrs vono'.ui'.ated Mr. Murray of South Carolina was tho only one defeated, As ins H: with moro chillies in .1 itit-s and personal prospects than this. So 1. us note brieily tin-polit ical fortunes made and niarivd. the juvs cnt status of some of our statesmen, the latest things in society at tho capital, the buds and the lhiddhists, or, as, ihey now phraso it, tlio debutantes and tlic theo soplis. Xotes «f Society. Tho blue and tho gray are united in so clety as never In-fore, and tho example of Jefferson Davis'daughter has found many imitators. It is matter of really curious interest that Miss Virginia Stuart Mosby. daughter of that Virginia colonel who used to make things so lively in this vicin ity, was recently married at Fairfax Court House- to Mr. Watson Coleman, pri vate secretary to Hon. Lafe Pence. There is also quite a touch of poetry in the fact that tho house of Mrs. Sartoris i= the fa vorite resort of Confederate ofiieers who fought against- her father and of the sons nr.d daughters of the warriors on both sides, and that several unions are expcctcd as a result of this Informal Rob-Yank or ganization. One old enough to have par ticipatod in the war and war politics can but wonder what view the coming men, who nro to bo grandsons at once of Federal and Confederate officers, will take of our great civil war. About- all we can say with certainty is that it will not bo our view. I there wi'l bono colors man in tho Fifty-umrtii eongcoss. Thus at tho close cf 30 yoar.i after the war. and :25 after a ccmph" reeou-truetien which sent a ncore if t! i! ero, a race including! !i,uu,oDJ peop!-.' will boas completely uu rep'v.-'". ti.l a-, in 1mm. Society noes or. gayly. ignoring political revolutions, and ny long Washington usage the oariv part of tho seas 11 is given to tho I misses jii.-t coming out. It is over thoso that society writers gusli in their sweetest I phrases, and so we will tako it for granted that this year's outturn of buds is poeul iarly sweet, talented, relir.odand generally I fascinating. Aside from this, however, an unusually largo percentage of them bear names of historic power, and their per- I sonal fortunes will long interest tho Amer ican people. Mrs. i'hil Sheridan lias but lately introduced her daughter to society, nnd it is remarked, as in iho case of tho protegees of Mrs. Nellie Crant Sartoris,that the old Confederates and their sons are anion: her most devoted admirers. An other noted debutante is Miss Justine do, Pe.vsti r, sprung from that eld New Y'ork house which divided during tho llevolu tion. tlio American branch and tho New Brunswick branch becoming equally ppuninet't in the respective lands. Miss Audrey l'anncefote. fourth and younge.-t •'..'.tighter of Sir Julian Paune. British etr.'-assador. has been ttslu-n-d into soci with a party of mure than ordinary bril liancy. Other debutantes in ufiicial circles are Miss Klbtabeth Brewer, second daugh ter of Justice Brewer of the supreme court, and Miss Mary Gorman, youngest daugh ter of Senator Gorman. So far the buds and conciliators. In tho Buddhist lino Mr. Virchand B. Gandhi is quite tho lion and is making considerable headway in socicty and umong free in quirers generallv. The ladies of tiie Twen tieth Century club havo arranged for a series of lectures on the occult, and we are I promised a variety of interesting but somewhat vague and mystified utterances. I met Mr. Gandhi at Chicago, talked with him brielly and heard his address in the I congress of religions. Those who under stood it said it was really quite sublime, but it was too technical for tho under signed. Washington also rejoices in the advent of several "bachelorgirls," as they are called, meaning those who hare taken high degree in some art or science, and noted among them is I)r. Julia Harrison, a cousin of the ex-president. It only re mains to add that tho death rate of this city is and has been for some time the very lowest over reported, standing recently at IT.20 against an average 20 years ago of nearly twice that, and so it will be seen that in spite of hard times and the late election we aro still far from being entire ly unhappy .1. B. PAJ:KK. I)AIti^nW0F LIFE. HARVESYOFTHE "HISTER' "MOLLBUZZER." AND THE V/liy 1'icItpiioket.H mill Shoplifter* Cot Caught—Kicli Fti'sult* About Iloli.ln.v Tiir.r How Crowd Is Worked by it S «i5f--Trade Srereta, l'Ac.. [Special I VJIT. spom'.eiice.) NEW YOI K, Dee. :il. —Holiday time is tho harvest of tho "histor"ahd the •'moll buzzer.'' What? Don't you know what they are' That's because you have never been a thief, a detective or a police reporter. If you had been any of the^e, you would know that "hister" is thieves' talk for shoplifter, and "niollhuzzor" for a man who picks women's pockets. And it is at holiday time that shoplifters nnd pick pockets make most money, for it is then that women of high and low and middle degree gather in the great stores for lioli day shopping nnd throng tho sidewalks, Any skillful, nervy "hister" or "moll buzzer" can make enough money in a fort night, during which the floors and side walks are crowded with women, to pay living expenses for a whole yenr, and there are some few members of both these pro fessions who ply their calling only the last two or three weeks of December in each year. At least I have been credibly in formed so by a man who .s spent most of his forty odd years of life picking pock ets and doing time for the same, and l.y a shoplifter who, when she talked to me. was waiting for tho prison van to take her away. Both these interesting Individuals wero exceedingly expert at their calling, though neither of them seems to havo suc oeeded In long remaining out of tho clutches of tho hands that protrudo from the hiuo sleeves of policemen's coats. The Slory of "Dip." "I'll tell you why I can't because I get enroll -s and drink liquor. That's nil I hat nils mo. Why, if I never boozed, I could go liroui.-h kicks nnd nip leathers and supers and props andfawneys right along and never gitplnehcd and live llko lord without working half tho time. You don't understand? Well, to nip is to liteal. A leather is a pocket-book a super M&i (HI Ikm In 1 and llf' IT'S DEAD ICASY. to a wntcb. They aro whlto and yellow, and tho younger crooks call 'em clocks mostly. A prop is pin, and a fawney is diamond ring. Oh, yes, kick is a pocket. Well, as I was saying, if 1 could be have myself nnd lot boozo nlono I could make big boodle till tho time and llvo quiet and respectable and never see tho inside of no pen. Why, away back in 'TO, when I w.°.s A youngster and worked tho Centen nial at Philadelphia, I nipped full $16,000 worth of stuff in the six months. If I'd been saving nnd sensible, I might havo set up fence of my own—that is, a fcnco to buy stolen goods—off that year's haul, but I didn't save anything, and itwasn't long after tho big show ended that I was pinched and sent to tin pen. I wasn't no mollbu?r.cr them days. I was altogether too proud to nip things from women's kicks then as a regular thing, though I sometimes yielded to temptation when tho chance was too good. Mon!u:cz.ers" Have No Nerve. "Mollbuzzcrs is always cowards or else gray headed. Tho young fellows with plenty of nerve let that branch of tho pro fession alone. You see. it's mostly too easy to nip a woman's leather. That's be cause. if tho leather is in her skirt pocket, you can et it without her fooling you at work iis easy as a man can. It's a disgrace to a young pickpocket to boa mollbifzzer Tho rest of them won't associate with a fellow that steals from women unless he Is getting along in years and his hands ain't no longer linibt enough to nip things out of men's kicks. I'm pretty near 50 now, you see. and mv hands ain't what they once was. A niollbuz/.er can some times work without a mob. A regular pickpocket can't very well, because it's too risky. Yes, it's taking chances to work alone, even when you're luollbuzz ing, and it's because I had no mob with mo this time that I got caught. How many is there in a mob generally? Oh, from two to four, sometimes five, special ly when you're going to work a ily crowd, like a lot of politicians to a convention. It's expensive to havo too big a mob, for every man has to have his share, and sometimes there's some quarreling over tho divvy. •'Tho man that does tho nipping is tho boss, of course. No ho ain't called a nip per. He is a dip, or a tool, or a graft. That used to be my lay. He works to the side or behind the guy or jay who is to be worked. Tho stalls aro ahead, and their business is to keep tho guy interested in something while tho working is going on. Tho drags, or wires, are fellows that take tho things that's been nipped and gets away with 'em as fast as they can, 60 that thoy shall not be found in tlio hands or pockets of tho graft. Women pickpockets work tho samo way, and while they ain't so fly in some things as men they aro flier others. Their hands is mostly better for the business, but their nervo ain't so good. What, going? Well, s'longl Yes, you may print what I've said if Tho shoplifter with whom they hod plenty of goods in them, but tho worst thing of tectives. ing about the storo just as If sho were a shopper or think it's giving get awny from tho men. If things go on this way and they keep putting women detectives on to the lay, I think when I oonin out I shall brace up and reform, go to some city where no ono knows me and get a job as a detective myself or maybe as a spotter on a trolley only trouble about is that I'd havo hours a day, for awhile "No, I IK keep out of tho pen," said the pickpockot to mo. "It Isn't because I ain't smart enough. It's leathers in their hands, and when they sit down to look at goods they carelessly put their pockethooks on tho counter. U'H 110 trick at all to sit down next to them and QWoop tho pockothook off tho counter into your lap with your wrap wldlo tho other woman is interested in looking at somo r.ilk or libbonsor something. Oh, yes, I nlways carry a pocket book in my hand, too, but I don't keep my money In it. Tho first tinio I was pinched I asked tho cop per that took mo in how ho came to do it. 'Sure,' lu paid, 'twin lu'Ciiuso vuuso bad no leather in vor han. it's only bist ers and sich that puts their money in a safe place.' "I wasn't.sent awav that time. I hadn't nipped anything that day, and tho cop had pinched moon spec. Tlio judge roasted him good in court nest morning. I kicked when'I saw there was no evidence against nio. Well, good by. You can bet I'll bo moro careful next tinio after 1 get out. It's only for six months anyway." the on too much. •'Well." she said, "I've got. myself tc thank and nobody and nothing olso for being pinched. I believe tho sharpest de tective in tl.o world couldn't catch mo if I hadn't gut greedy sometimes and took too much. You see that I. llko most shop lifters, have big inside pockets in my dress skirts. Now, if I had lx'on satisfied with a little haul and had got out quietly with one piece of silk in the front pocket I'd been all right, but I saw someothcrthings I wanted, got them safely and then start ed away. I hadn't gone ten steps before I knew the jig was most likely up. I had put tho other things In aside pocket, nnd It made my skirt bulge. Besides I walked right footed, and I couldn't help It. What made it worse was that I'd lieen lucky at another store nnd nipped two pockethooks, too, all was that caught by one of these I was new women de "I can always spot a man detective, but it's harder to spot a woman who Is mov to maybe a hister herself. I don't us exactly a fair show to put women to witching us. It seems to me it ought to be fair for us to have what ever wo can nip if wo aro fly enough to M. 1. DEXTElt. N'otes on I.lons. Tho tongue of a lion is so rough that a oloso look at, it will almost tako tho skin off tho looker. It is not safe to allow a lion to lick your hand, for if ho licked tho skin otT and got a taste of tho underlying blood, supposing It to bo there, ho would want tho hand and everything adjoining thereto. Nothing moro perfect in modern machinery exists than the mechanism by which a lion works his claws. He has Ave toes on each of his foro feet nnd four on his hind foot. Kach too has a claw. Nothing about a lion is without reason, and tho reason ho has moro toes and claws on his foro than oil his hind feet is that he has more uso for them. If this wero not so, tho majority would bo tho other way. Tho lion is nocturnal by choice. Ho has no particular objection to daylight, but likes to spend it in tho bosom of his family, or at least adjacent to it. It should not be supposed that becauso ho roams about at night that hencglects his family. Ho roams in order to fill tho family larder. Ho kills to cat, not for amusement. Ho never bothers small gamo so long as there is big gaiuo within reach. When feeling fit, lie can tako an ox in his mouth and jump fences and ditches like a professional Qteeple chaser. liLISSiAN SETTLERS. CURIOUS CUSTOMS OF MENNONITE PRAIRIE FARMERS. Dwelling Apart From Americans, They Preserve the Habits of the J.aml of the Czar—No Such Tiling as Failure In Their Crops—Successful Farmers. it's any good to you, but don't mention my name. I don't want to be give quite dead away. It's bad enough to go to the pen for an other two years.'' A Talk With a "HUter." I talked was apparently a most ladyliko and refined young woman. Slio had no objection whatever, however, to speaking freely of her "profession" for publication, with the 6amo proviso as that made by tho pick pocket. She must not lie ''given dead away" by tho mention of her name as a "squealer." She know that she would bo published as a detected thief, and that, in addition to being "put away," was pretty bad, but she- could stand it, because she had to. To bo known as one who would reveal trade secrets, however, was Special Correspondence. ABILENE, Kan., Jan. 1.—Of all tho cu tious people who havo helped build up the west none has made a moro uniform suc cess than the stolid, slow going subjects of the czar, the Russian Mennonites, yet they havo been hampered by a tenacious clinging to the olilostqf old country ways, nnd when their loaders gathered in a gen eral church convention on the plains of Kansas recently whole states wore crossed in creaking wagons rather than trust the unsanctifled railroads. They aro a world PATRIARCHS. apart, and could a member of Nicholas* household be set down in one of their vil lages ho would scarcely notice the change from his native land. An Isolated Existence. The exodus of the Mennonites from valley of tho Volga to the cozy village. car line. The either of these things to work steady so many and after you've been hlstiog that goes against the grain. A Demi Kiuy Lay. vi picked easy work compared pockets. Nlpplnff women's leathers In tho big shops Is dead to working the plek- pocket lay. You see, nrm't in tho business the women that always carry the It America began about two dccades ago. The love of peace' tho part of theso simple minded folk led thoin to forsake Russia as their forefathers had departed from German provinces, and thoy canio in large bodies to tho extreme west. In 1 ST4 a body of them purchased 100, 000 acres of land in central Kansas, and tho settlers came in ono company to make it their home. They wore queer sheepskin coats and t.iid kerchiefs and attracted as much attention on tho streets of Kansas towns as would a freak from Midway. But they soon were seen no moro outside their own territory, where they built their own villages and began tilling their own farms Another colony went far into western Kansas, back many miles from the railway, and entered on its similarly isolated existence. This colony has per haps kept itself most strictly to native Russian customs, and not even tho Min nesota settlements retain so uncorrupted a heritage of old world strangeness. Such names as Her/.og, Catheriaestadt, Liberthal, Pfeifer and OlKTinundshuh are given to the villages, and their appearance is ns queer as their nomenclature. The Russians still cling to thopriinitlvo meth od of residing close together and tilling farms outside tho settlement, a relic of the days when protection to life demanded that help should be within speedy call. Hence at morning there Is a scattering of workers from the central hive, and in the evening the teams and drivers conic back Many have not been naturalized, and they take ascloso an interest in tho doings of tho Russian empire as ever. Tho recent eventa in the royal household attracted much attention and were discussed eagerly In native patois, tho death of tho "little father" being particularly deplored, not withstanding the old tlino oppression. When they first located on the prairlea, they built their homes In facsimile of those left behind on the banks of the Volga. Their chief villages are of stone, the bouses square and flat roofed, erected close on a •ingle long street, with yards in the rear. The people wore their queer foreign vest ments for along tlmo, but now show signs of adopting conventional dress. The stable manure Is manufactured intopeatlike fuel for the big Russian ovens with which the bouses are equipped. These ovens also burn straw and prairie hay, so that the expensive coal question Is to a dogree on IWered. Within tho houses aro In many instances furnished partly with heirlooms from tin firesides of their native dwellings—ok! chairs, settees and dishes brought with them in tho exodus Tlielr Clmrclies. A notable feature of the settlements are tho churches, tlio largo stoneodillees being tho lno.-.t prominent featunsof tho narrow streets. Some of these nio very oxpons've nnd magnificently furnished, considering tho character of tho communicants. The priest is tho most important personage in tho community, and the utmost faith ex ists in tho power of religious rites. Dur ing tho long continued drought of h)'-t uuninier the Mentionitos of western Kan sas became thoroughly alarmed for their crops and decided upon a pilgrimage as a last resort in bringing the much desired rain. Ono Sunday morning an entire con gregation, men, women and children headed by the priest bearing sacred em- TAKING A DItlVE. bletns, walked in solemn stpto, two and two, throo or four miles across tho level prairlo on which tho August sun rays beat fiercely to another church, where general sol vices and pro vor for rain were observed. Then came another walk homeward, and though every family had horses a-plenty not 0110 The Mennonites have nlways succeeded in their farming on the plains. They have plowed deep and harrowed well, and when tho excitable settler was in town discuss ing tho "per capita" or tho suhtreasury thoy were in tho lield giving tho crop an edditional it cult urn The stnartrir Americans b:id out town additions, engi neered booms and spread their enthusias tic energy over tho whole west, but tho Mennonites staid strictly on their own original territory and put up big barns, generous granaries, fences nnd other im provements. No matter v. hat tlio season, they have had wheat to sell. Tlio railway stations nt which they market their prod uce learned long ago to expect them. Tlioir teams go unhesitatingly by tho cor ner where tho political orator is discounting on free coinage of silver, nnd the heavy bags of wheat being emptied they as di rectly go home. Tho Mennonites do not vote, and it is doubtful if some of them could toll who is president, although tlio influence of Amer ican schools has made many well informed and progressive. If tho season is dry, they simply plow a little deeper and cultivate oftener. The fall will bring them to town with more loads of grain, and they will tako back big loads of lumber for moro barns and fences. Quaint and clannish, half communistic as thoy are, tho people around them scarce realize their presence. Their purchases from tho outside world aro by tho whole 6alo, and they look after their own poor and helpless. A hospital, or sanitarium, for tho caroof tho sick has been established recently and is generously supported. Thoro is never a pauper and seldom a criminal among thciu. A Patient Community. Tho ono great disappointment to thtfm In prairio lifo is tho lack of forests, to which, by tradition and habit, they havo beoomo attached. Every farm Jias its patch of growing forest trees, carefully tended, but these do not entirely fill the bill, and thero is frcquont talk of a whole sale emigration to tho timbered regions of the far northwest, though it is not likely to materialize. The mulberry tree has been most freely planted, and silk worm raising Is successfully followed by numbers of the settlements. Thero is not pr9flt enough In it for the American, but tho patient Russian reaps a harvest which fully satis fies him. Tho women are sturdy and energetic. They work besldo the men in the field on occasion, and their homes aro kept cl^'an and presentable. As emigrants tho Rus sians appear repulsively dirty and un kempt, but settled down on their own farms they tako a proper pride in their surroundings. Tho sodhouses with grass thatched roofs in which they nt first lived havo given way to stone or frauio dwell ings, according as stone quarries aro re mote or near. On tho whole, they havo succeeded ad mirably. No merchant carries their names on ids ledger, for they pay as they go. Garbed in strange, wido brimmed lints nnd pokebonuets. riding in ungainly vehicles, they aro nevertheless among tho west's best citizens, for they havo made its un used, sod clothed acres blossom into per manent fertility nnd productiveness. WHERE THEY MINE TIMBER. Cedar Log* Taken Out of tlio Ground Wlier« Tlu-y Have Lain For Agm. [Special Correspondence.J DEXXISVILLE, N. J., Dec. 31.—It is moro than 80 years sinco cedar timber was first taken outof tho ground here, and not only aro tho timber mines thon first worked still productive, but there seems to bo no reason to anticipate their early exhaustion. It should not bo understood that the cedar la petrified, as might be supposed, for it Is not, but rather preserved, after perhaps ages of burial, so woll that upon being taken out tho wood Is to all Intents nnd purposes ns firm and sound and as fit to be used in building operations as It ever was. How did the buried timber get thore? Sclontiflc men sny that thero was once a vast forest bore in the vicinity of Cape May, tho trees being tall and straight and of unusual size. Whon this growth of timber was at Its best, thero was somo sort of a convulsion of naturo that laid the trees low and sunk them and the ground In which they grew far below their former level. Then thoy becamo cov ered with a soft mold, which, added to tho natural endurance of cedar wood, has •preserved them to the present day. The first true was discovered In 1812 by south Jerseyman, who was amazed al most Ijcyotid tho power of words by the further discovery that tho tlmbor was in excellent preservation. His neighbors bo lloved that there must bo more trees In tbo neighborhood, and they began at once to search for them by prodding In tbo earth with a long Iron rod. When It struok by icemen. Then head demurred nt tho exertion of the occasion. Other interesting services dur ing the summer at tho samo settlement wero three golden weddings, tho venerable brides and bridegrooms having all been married in tlio same village in Russian half century ago. ity Industry Tlicy Thrive. booths C. M. HAItOF.n. 4'f hard substance, they dug down, unough, there was the tyiS further m'urchl ing showed moro trees—fad, thnisnii,)J and thousands of them, and their niim 7 speedily became an Industry which ), been prosecuted with more'or less vi over .since. Not every lug Is found to) perfectly sound, but nearly every o»() jj qulto lit for beams, boards or shingles When a troo has been located and found! to bo sound, It is out otT near horo.,ts ^,,1 tup with a saw somewhat like ti il llSl'dl a trench Is nUw wholo length of tho trunk, the (Mtd, flooded, and tho timber rises with th,. ,, tor. In somo places tho logs llo crisscross on tho surfaco of tlio swamp in cnunii,,sJ numbers, and in no en so havo they IvJu found at greater depth than five iu,| |l(1. low in this immediate vicinity. Tiii means no more, however, than that tli0 ditrging has never been carried below ,,lt depth here. It is considered certain thiit thero aro many layers below tho to ,JK, A few miles away they have been fnnnd 12 foot down, and at Capo May it log uns encountered by an artesian well borer t-'n feet below tho surfaco. Tho wonderful preservation of tho wood continues after It has boon dug out and manufactured, mul thoro aro tubs and pails still doing duty hereabouts that wero nindo 80 years auo from mined cedar. K, (J. NOYES." OF INTEREST TO WOMEN. Seasonable Notes of Fashion—A New r:n £aj eiiH'iit Fad, Ktc. [Special Correspondence.] NEW Yoiin, Doc, 81.—Tho crazo in tho way of furs this winter is for tho aniniai scarfs. They come in mink, seal skin, astrakhan, chinchilla and Alaska and Russian sablo and cost all tlio wav from $5 up to $1100. Tho expensive ono's of course havo diamond eyes, a present fad with fin do soiclo women. Fox heads are novelty introduced this year fir neck, wear, but thus far havo boon worn otily extremists. The heads aro too largo to be becoming. All tho heads have a spring in tho mouth, mtiking a to very attractive plai wear a bunch of violets. In selecting indoor plants for tho win ter choose those which havo fo'iago ratl.cr than blossoms to recommend them. Nearly all plants can bo grown in a mod-ratily warm room. Water at regular interval? nnd give liulTicicnt water to wet to the bot tom of tho pot. Shower tho leaves unco a week to keep free from dust and in-. cis. Certainly tho man in tlio back row has nothing to complain this year in the women's bonnets at the theater. Never bave women worn such tiny bonnets. Many of them tiro nothing moro than 1: tle visor shaped pieces of jot or brilliants, fitting closely around tho back hair and quite flat on tho head, with either loops ei ribbon or feathers falling backward. The principal characteristic of this season's bonnet is that it is worn just asfaron the back of the head as possible without fall ing o£f. Rhinestones havo never been so much used in hat trimmings as they are this year. A butterfly entirely of rhine stoncs is ono of the favorite ornaments fur tbo opera bonnet. Tho engaged girl has a new fad. In stead of a ling her admirer gives her a thin gold chain, little thicker than a strand of silk, and pendent from this is a heart shnned locket. Inside, of course, is the admirer's miniature. In return for this gift she fetters her sweetheart with a heavy tho chain bracelet that fits tho upper part of not to his arm and is sufficiently tight fall below tho elbow. On the lock should bo some fitting inscription in blue enamel. One well known New York yachtsman wears a bracelet on which is following: "My lovo is as deep as the sea nnd as pure as its foam." This is tho season for good apples, and there aro lots of delicato dishes which can be made from this wliolesomo fruit. Ap ple 6oup Is novelty nnd very good, al though you havo probably never tasted it. To 2 caps of stewed apples add 2 cups of oold water. Set over the flro until tho ap ple is dissolved and very 6oft. Mix 2 tea- spoonfuls of cornstarch In a little cold wa ter and add to this S teaspoonfuls of plnoh of salt. Stir into a smooth 6Ugar, salt spoonful of ground olnnamon and a pasto and •dd to tho applos, stirring all tho while. Let It boil for five minutes, then strain it Into a hot tureen and serve. There Is dresses recent a decidedly new wrinkle in for fancy fairs and bazaars. At a fair all tho ladles attending the wore drosses of crapo tissue paper. For the ooats, skirts dainty white lawn petti- with laco frills around the bottom, answered as foundations. Well fitting cor set covers answered tho samo purpose for tho waists. Tho crapo paper is tough and durable and draped with much the same result as silk. This very chic Idea has more than novelty to recommend it. It is Inexpensive, tho paper selling for !J0 cents a roll. At tho woman's exchanges in New York It Is possiblo to engage a woman to do al most any kind of work. They furnish women to market, to mend and clear gloves and laces at home a visiting house keeper who will como daily, weekly or seniiweekly to caro for choice objects on sweeping day and see thnt thoy are rear ranged artistically a visiting milliner who will ooino to your house by the day or hour, a woman to do errands and shop for you, and ono who makes a business of washing lino flannels, so they will not shrink or harden. LAURA OLIVIA BOOTHE Auk# IjdO.OOO ]anmg(% CHICAGO, DOC. ^9.— Cliarlos BALTIMOUK, H. Shop- ard lias begun suit against Senator John F. O'Malloy for $o0,0u0 damages. Sliepard is tlio young cabman who was allot by O'MaJley on election day ami was made a cripple for life. An indict ment is still pending against O'Mallev for tho shooting. feontliorn lluslncu Fairly Artlvr. Dec. 29. —Special reports to Tho Manufacturers' Record show for tbo closing week of tho year a fair de gree of activity in tho general indus trial interests of tho South. Cottou nulls aro reported as very busy with a good many of them running nigbt and day. Hreok in ridge llad Small Audlenc*. CINCINNATI, Doc. 29.—Colonel W. C. P. Breckinridge delivered his lecture at Pikes Opora Houso on "Eras of Amer ican Developments and Their Great Men." Tlio night was stormy and the •udiouoe theroforo did not exceed 800. The Minueeota Senatorial Fight. ST. PAUL, Deo. 28. —Senator Wash burn was in the city Thursday to take a look at his fences and held a consul tation with his manager, at the Wind sor. Au interview was also had wit" Mr. Conistook, his chief opponent.