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The Jamestown Alert.
DAILY(EXCEPT SUNDAY) & WEEKLY THURSDAY, JAN. 17, 1895. E 8 The Daily Alert in delivered In thocityby c»r rler», at M) couta mouth. D*ily, one year #6 0# Daily, *ix month# 3 00 Dully, three months 50 Weekly, one 00 Weekly, six mouths 1 00 W. K. KKLLOGCi. STAI'LK 1'KICK.S AM) SILVK.H. SEXATOU TELLEU made NN excellent speech lust week on tbe Cleveland cur rency scheme. He said that if such a measure came from any senator or mem ber, or from any populist, it would b6 branded as the height of lunacy. Ho declared that the currency btll proposed to inaugurate the old era of wild cat paper. It violated every principle of tinance in this country or any other. He ridiculed the talk about an "elastic" and "flexible" currency, where banking cor porations had charge of the elasticity. "There is about six weeks remaining to this congress," said Mr Teller. "Notf does any person seriously believ^ that a revision of this vast currency system can be accomplished in that turie? Why, then, is congress and the country stirred by the frantic appetite' from the treas ury?" Mr. Teller ,afgued at length to prove that the low price of ngicultural pro ducts today were the direct result of the demonetization of silver, first by Ger many, then by the United States and last the Latin Union. In every country which had kept its mints open to silver prices of staple products had remained absolutely staple during the last 25 years. He cited ns illustrations of that fact India, Mexico, China and Japan. It has been charged, he said, that those who were in favor of bimetalism were not in favor of sound money. But if sound money vas to be preserved, he warned the senate it will be preserved through the efforts of the so-called silver men. If the gold basis was insisted upon it would be found too narrow, and the time woul come when an over issue of paper money could not be resisted. He described the growth of SOCIALISM AND AJFAHCHY in this country since the demonetization of silver the bitterness that had grown. This condition had been produced by legislation. "Are we now," he asked, "to admit that we have neither the wit nor wisdom to undo what we have done?" Although his side was not charged •with the responsibility for the present situation, he for one would join with his political adversaries in any scheme for re lief that appealed to his judgment. But be had little when he saw the senate of the United States confronted with such a situation supinely wating to see what Europe would do. It was deplorable and disgraceful. A change of administration might aid matters, but he doubted it. The last republican administration was voted out of power, and he believed it deserved the defeat. Last fall the people bad overthrown the democratic control in the house because the democratic party had shown itself incapable of dealing with the problem before it. As for the populist party, he did not believe it would ever be a party of power and therefore he relied on eith er the republican or democratic party to solve the problem eventually when the presure of the people would at last force logical action on this monetary problem. THE Minnesota senatorial election is developing points of interest to the ob server of current events. The Twin City newspapers, that were a short time since axtolhng the many virtues and pointing with pride to the statesmanship of Gov. Nelson, are now roundly whack ing him for becoming a candidate for the senate against Washburn. This change from flattery to abuse is notice ably great. Nelson's use of his nation ality was all right before the election now UB all wrong, and the hardy Norse man legislator is being urged to do his own thinking and not follow the lead of Gov. Nelson as "a mere clansman." The Minnesota politicians who dally with the Yiking chiefs and court the tickle fortune of their franchise for the sake of the "rest of the ticket" are feel ing the effect of the uncertainty of their allies in political affairs. The fnalty in the character of some nations is very strong and a study of the races with ref erence to the tenacity of inherited ten dencies of certain kinds might enlarge the hindsight of political managers, if not the foresight. Minnesota republicans and their North Dakota brethren can both find food for reflection in the events that have followed elections in these states in recent years. THE fixingofwhat is known as a reason able rate for a railroad to charge is said to be a complex matter. There are many things to be taken into consideration on both sides and only men who have thoroughly investigated the question are really competent to figure out this problem. Its conditions enter into the political and social fabric deeper than appear on the surface. There are few railroad qommis sioners, eleoted from the body of the people,, versed in the science of trans portation, and the North Dakota com mission say they had in view the neces sity of adding to their power to aid the pnblio by securing the services of a competent railroad man in Mr. Phelan secretary. If the commission can demonstrate to the public what is a reasonable rate in North Dakota, and secure it, if it should be lower than the present, on any one important article, the saving would more than pay the cost of the commission. Gov. MILLEIS is at the capitol in the interests of George Winship, of the Grand Forks Herald, for land commis sioner, M. D. Williams' position. 'Ihe report has been circulated in the press that Mr. Williams has made Gov. Allin a proposition to vacate the office in six mouths, it no elTort is made to remove him before and not to contest the le gality of his appointment for three years, one year yet remaining to serve Whether this proposition will be ac cepted or not is uncertain. There are many prominent men in the state who would like the berth, and six months seems an age under the circumstances1. Col. Miller is making a quiet canvas among members for support for the ap pointment as adjutant general. The present incumbent also has a strong sup port. ACCOKDINO to Gov. Nelson's mes«ngo the strenuous effort of the Minnesota legislature to break up the coal combine located at St. Paul & Duluth, did not succeed. Fifty thousand dollars were ap propriated for litigation in the matter, but only a small part of it used. The coal combine is still doing business at the old stand. North Dakota has fields of lignite coal amply sufficient to bring the eastern coal barons to terms, if this bounty left by nature could be transported cheaply enough to the consumers in the north west. The home supply of native coal, sold at a cost that it should be to the people who have a natural right to enjoy this natural inheritance of the land, would do more than all the laws devised to break up the coal monopoly. LETTERS from constituents are coming in to the members of the legislature on the resubmission question. Those who are specially interested in retaining the law as it is, write letters representing their individual opinion the hundreds of others desirous of having the law re pealed will most likely not take the trouble to write their individual senti ments. If the action of the legislature is to be determined by written requests to members there is no doubt but what the resubmissiocists could get two re quests to one from those desiring the present condition of affairs to be re tained. In the expression of sentiment the majority should not be misrepre sented in this matter by any neglect. AN eastern commercial agency, pur porting to give correct information about the business men of this city, has on its list seven firms, and none of them are in existence today. This list was made out evidently some five years ago, and credit ratings given then. The above facts show the value of some commercial re ports that affect the standing of business men and their credit in outside localities. The agency referred to is also considered one of the largest in the country, confining itself only to lead ing lines, such as clothing, dry goods, carpets and millinery. If its reports of business firms in other places are on a parjwith the record for Jamestown, the value of such information is easy to S9e. MOST of the recent plans for a "reform currency" involve the interest-bearing government bonds as a basis for security of notes to be issued by banks. The gov ernment bond is in reality only a note of the people in Ihe first place, with the burden of interest attached. Why not issue the notes as currency direct, and by the government, and relieve the tax payer from the tribute of interest for the privilege of having the currency etninate from aprivate source? The people want the government to provide their circulating medium and they do not see the necessity of having their own! money securedjby their own notes or interest-bearing bonds. THE South Dakota legislature will re elect Senator Pettigrew without much doubt. He is certainly tha ablest man in the state for the high position. His views on national legislation are in sympathy with those people who are not burdened now with cash in hand, and his ability to accomplish much for his state has been demonstrated. Pettigrew is a broader man than many have given him credit for, and has outgrown terri torial limitations. He is willing to do his share to Guild up the interests of a new state not at the exclusive expense of the poorer men in it. SENATOR HAGGART introduced a reso lution to adjourn the legislature not later than Feb. 22. This will give the assembly plenty of working days to do all that is necessary for the people, this year, and save the expense of a long session. It is probable that no such ad journment will be taken, but the propo sition ccmes from an influential source. About all the really needed legislation that this session can accomplish is to act on the codifying commission's reportf pass appropriations needed, arrange for revenues, and dissolve. WHAT money the treasury of South Dakota had left after drouth and low prices, ha9 been stolen—$350,000 gone with a defaulting treasurer, and his bondsmen are said to be not worth half the amount. There will be a still further need for economy and reform in the Twin. As much as has been said nbont the use of North Dakota state funds, there has never been any money lacking front the state's fund in the round-up of the two years, and in the change of ad miniutrntion. All of North Dakota's treasurers have surrendered their trusts with honor. South Dakota is in hard luck. THE free kitchen meal has become a feature of metropolitan life in St. Johns Newfoundland, and a steamship line has offered to bring Jfreo donations of food anil supplies from the old to the new world. Tho Canadian currency act which has been highly extolled as pro vuling an elastic currency for Canada does not seom to have kept tho poverty out of that country, although the people are industrious and t-hore liavo been no general destruction of crops. As a matter of fact the hard lines among the poorer classes in cities and towns is world wide and the evidences of it are read in every newspaper. Gov. WAITE'S nieseace to the legisla ture was right in lino with his views, so well known to the country. Instead of leaving the stage with a wail of regret, he steps off with a Ctusarian stride and note of defiance. He says to the legisla ture: "I will not- say 'Hail and farewell.' That would be too formal. We go but we return. We will meet you, gentle men, in two years at Philippi." Gov. Waite trusts in the true-fixed and restiug quality of the pciar star of his cause—the free coinage of silver as the people's right under the constitu tion. TIIE woman's suffrage bill has been tossed in the legislative pot with the other herbs of discord. Its appearance is earlier this session than usual. The present governor goes on record in his message to the legislature in favoring an extension oE the law and a bill was in troduced by a gallant editor to remove all voting restrictions on the 6ex, with out further ceremony. It may have smooth sailing and it m»y not, owing largely no doubt to the progress of other and contingent legislation on her sub jects. SENATOR HANSBROUGH has lost a most estimable and affectionate companion in the death of his wife. She was a lady of sterling traits of character, true in her attachments to husband and home and womanly in all ways. She was no society devotee, but had many friends in the social cirles wherein she was thrown. Mrs. Hansbrough was 44 years old, had beeen married fifteen years. She left no children. The interment Will take place in Wahpinger Falls, N. Y. IN the light of the big state bank de falcation in South Dakota and the fail ure of the state treasurer's private bank, it is encouraging to note that North Da kota's banks are in a healthy condition and honestly managed. Every dollar in every fund has been turned over to the incoming administration and not one of the banks of the state where the funds were deposited has proved insecure. APPROPRIATION billsjfor three state in stitutions were introduced Monday amounting to 8217,650. Thejleading and necessary institutions'will have to be provided for under all circumstances. Outside of the few necessary institutions the sentiment seems to prevail to cut the garment according to the cloth—keep within the probable revenues of the state THERE seems to a wave of high moral sentiment spreading over the early days of the legislature. A woman's suffrage bill and a restrictive divorce bill have both been introduced. What their fate will be perhaps depends as much on other legislation, in no way related, as any thing. THE insane are on the increase in Minnesota, and new additions to tha hospital buildings are asked for. The inciease of insane in noth this state and Minnesota is greatar, it seems, in pro portion, than the natural increase in population. For this, race causes may largely be assigned, aided by local sur roundings. SOUTH DAKOTA is expecting a tussle in the legislature with the problem of reducing the expenses of the state gov ernment and the public institutions, from the boom time standard to the present level of wheat prices. Tbe per quisites, the members say, will have to stand a cat this year. SENATOR HILL is trying to defeat the income tax, a most just and practical measure of taxation. With a deficit in tbe treasury it seems to be a clear piece of folly to overlook .such a fair and rea sonable means of raising revenue. The income tax ought to become permanent. MINNESOTA is also one of tbe numer ous states in the Union claiming to have obtained more value for the World'e fair money, in proportion to tbe amount, than any other state in the Union. This claim is in danger of becoming a chest nut in executive messages this year. IN the estimated receipts from taxes in Minnesota for thejiext two years tbe railroads are expected to pay as great a tax as the state, viz: $1,000,000 from each source, excepting that in 1896 the roads are expeoted to pay but $900,000. How is it in thiB state? CUSTER COUNTY, South Dakota, con tributes to the state's loss of money by a defaulting treasurer to the amount of $3,200. Money must have been extremely scarce the past year with the Twin. FROM Washington, D. G., J. J. Hill declares that Washburn will probably be defeated aud Pillsbury elected. This would still keep tho toga in the family— ns an heirloom. "MY plan is to got all tho enjoyment I can out of life and shed as few tears as possible."— Ingorsoll. FIRE AT THE FORT. llow the School lliiildings Were Saved From Destruction. A correspondent sends The Aleit the following about the Fort Totton Indian school, and how a home made system of fire works saved a large amount of prop erty last week. About 2 o'clock Friday morning fire was discovered iu the basement under tho girls' dining room in the above school which is in tho west wing of the old hospital so used in the early days, when the troops were there, the enst wine being ti&ed for the boys dining hall and the center as the kitchen and com missary. I'ha basement had about twen ty cords of wood stored for use in bad weather and the fuel seemed to be all on fire, being discovered by smoke penetra ting sleeping rooms in the upper apart ment. Tho alarm was sounded and in a remarkably short time the entire school was aroused. It took but a few moments to attach the hose to tho hydrants and bring two two-and-a-half inch streams upou the smoking apartments, though great diffi culty was experienced in applying the water directly upon the fire, on account of tho construction of the building, it being of stone foundation, with stone wall in the center running lengthwise and but one opening. This, however, had a tendency to retard the progress of the tlames, by shutting off the draft. For seven hours these two streams were kept constantly applied to the fire, by the employes and older boys of the school, with a vigor and discipline which would have done credit to many fire departments in cities, and this, too, with the thermometer at twenty-six below zero. Suffice to say they accom plished their purpose and saved the building with the loss of but the lower tloor and its contents—the tables being set the night before preparatory for breakfast—together with the contents of the dining room and a few broken win dows. Loss estimated at about $600. Mr. Gantield, the superintendent of the sohool, deserves great credit for the energy displayed in perfecting so com plete a system of water works, which consists of a 700-barrel reservoir, con structed in the foothills to the south o' the schools, which is fed by pure spring water in abundance which is conducted by pipes and its own gravity to a six hundred barrel cistern situated on the south part of the grounds and then forced into a twelve hundred barrel tank, which gives them a natural preesure of about 45 lbs. to tho inch, and when the pumps and engine are started it is increased to about 200 lbs. PipeB are laid and hydrants placed all around the entire hollow square, which is 400 feet, sur rounded by a gravel driveway 50 feet wide with sidewalk between that and the buildings. The laying of the pipes, digging of trenches and other work, having been completed by the attendants of the school under the direction of the superintendent and his assistants, at a cost of less than two thousand dollars. It having been completed the past sum mer, and in this the first experience and use has 6aved a building which alone would coat at least 85,000 to replace, and perhaps other contigious buildings as well. There are 19 brick and several wooden buildings connected with the school, which originally composed the military post, but were transferred for school purposes in the years 1890 and '91. There were something less than 150 acres of land farmed during the year 1893, raising 350 bushels wheat, 375 barley, 1,250 oats, 1,000 com, 1,000 bush els potatoes, and a great variety of gar den produce. There an harness, shoe, and tailor shops, sewing rooms, bakery,* blacksmith, and carpenter shops, while masonry and other trades ure also taught. There is a large new barn, where stock consisting of cattle, horses and hogs, are kept to supply the de mands. General interests and good discipline seems to be the rule. The school is on an eminence about one fourth of a mile south of the agency buildings. There are about 250 in attendance, all of whom make their home there while connected with the school. WINTER WHEAT ACREAGE. Increase Over 1H04—Prospective IJOW Price—Potatoes a Good Crop. It is a remarkable fact that the acre age of winter wheat sown in the fall of 1894 exceeds by 705,503 the area har vested in the same year, says the Chicago liecord, notwithstanding the low price of that article, which the farmers claim is below the cost of cultivation. In Ore gon and other large wheat growing regions of the northwest the elevators and store houses are full of grain that will not bring more than 20 cents a bushel, although'the oost of raising it is said to be nearly one-third more. The total area of winter wheat harvested in 1894 was 23,518,795 acres, while the area now planted to that article is 24,224,358 acres. Secretary Morton's explanation of this phenomenon iB that the American farmer unwisely insists upon raising tbs crop that requires the least manual labor regardless of the small profit there is in it, and the popular superatition that two years of plenty will be followed by a short harvest. He thinks the farmers of the United states expeot better prices for wheat this year than last and that they propose to be prepared for them. Wheat is the lazy man's crop and re quires the least labor. The farmer turns the Boii with a sulky plow, plants with a drill, cultivates it with a harrow and harvests it with a self-binder, all drawn by horses, and threshes it by steam. If we hud machines for planting and harvesting potatoes,"continued the sec retary, "wo would not have to import thom, although they cost in England only from $7.29 to 612.15 per ton. To get them hero we pay GO cents a ton for dray age, for freight to New 1'ork aud &L.80 for sacks to ship them in, a total of $5.13 for transportation charges, which makes tLeiu cost in New York from Cil.2.75 to $17.50 jer ton. To this must t)o added tho duty, the insurance, the commissions and custom-house charges, the profit to the retailers aud cost of f.nipmeutto theconsumer's]inarkct. Last year Jiluglish potatoes sold at &2.25 a suck of 108 pouuds in Now 1'ork. The area in potatoes in .England hasn't varied much from 500,UUJ acres for twelve or fifteen years, although iu Ire land during the last fifteen years the area has decreased from 842,000 to 72,000 acres. The crop iu the channel islands, France and iielgium has remained about the same, an average of 150,0U0 tons. "But the average American farmer will not work with hands. That is the reason eu|,'ar beets will never pay in this coun try unless someone invents a machine to cultivate them by horse power. If that is ever done we can raise all the sugar we need in this country out in Nebraska and other parts of the country. Prob ably the most profitable crop cultivated in America is tfce celery grown at Kala mazoo and along tho eastern ehore of Lake Erie, but that is limited because most of the work has to be done by hand." But the secretary believes that pota toes and other articles—that is, a diversi fied crop—will continue to be much more profitable than grain. Last year we im ported 3,002.578 bushels of potatoes, valued at 81,277,194. More than half of them came from Scotland 1,671,339 bushels. The next contributor was Nova Scotia, 596,799 bushels, and the third England, 295,435 bushels We also imported beans and peas valued at $1,117,969, pickles valued at $341,135, other vegetables, in their natural state, 8653,259, and preserved vegetables valued at 8505,510. FOR FREE TEXT BOOKS- Stutsman County's Representatives Asked to Work for Them. The board of education has addressed a letter to Senator Fuller and Repre sentatives Nierling and Gleason asking their support and labors for a free and uniform system of text books for tbe schools of this state. It is in substance aa follows: We are of the opinion that it would be subservient to the best interests of our schools if a bill could be passed granting every board the right to intro duce a system of free text books. We believe it should be optional with every board to adopt this system. A compulsory measure may em barrass some districts where con ditions are not favorable and those which might be financially crippled by reason of hard times, baok failures, or from other causes. It may also be said that there exists no pressing or absolute for Infants child's medicine. necessity for compulsion in the matter. However, we are desirous to be invested with the power to offer free text books to the patrons of our schools. We would most emphatically oppose a measure authorizing the state to buy and pro vide free text books. We would re gard it as a menace to our state school fund and would deem it objeotional in every respect. In like manner we would opposo an act for text books to be uniform through out the land. .Such law would, in our opinion, seriously impede the free and wholesome development of our schools. We shall certainly want to reserve to our schools the right to pro vide the very best that we can oiford at any time. You aro a»are that the board of edu cation of Jamestown exists under a spocial charter and is independent of the geueral nchool act. Wo shall thank you very much for keeping a vigilant lookout that none of our special rights be in fringed upou by any contemplated legis lative action. "FATHER" SCOTT. A Monomaniac on ihe Subject of Howpttnls, Brought to the Asylum. Rev. John Scott, one of the oldest Presbyterian ministers in the Btate, was brought to tho asylum last Tuesday by Sheriff Geo. McCabe of Bathgate. Pem bina county. The revered minister is a white h.iired, intelligent, pleasant spoken gentleman about 75 years of age, a monomaniac on the subject of hospitals. His home is at Walhalla, where bis family lives. He has devoted 22 years to mission work in tho Dominion of Canada and 19 years in North Dakota. His hobby and the projoot over which his mind became unbalanced was the formation of what ho termed "The International Christian Alliance Hos pital and Electric Rail vay company with a capital of SI,000,000." He had made arrangements for the purchase of the old Carney Hotel at Emerson, and in tended to open it the first of the year for hospital purposes. A similar institution was to be opened at Walhalla and the two connected by an electric railway. Power could bo furnished from the Pem bina river. When be was sent to Jthe meeting of the General Assembly of the Presbyter ian church last July ho visited a large number of places in the east and Canada in tbe interest of his project and is said to have even gone so f-r as to interest John Wanamaker but with what success is not known. He is a well known character throughout the state as "Father" Scott. Recently while at Grand Forks he preached in the Jewish syna gogue in the Hebrew language. Expelled —every poison and impurity of your blood, by Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. Then there's a clear skin and a clean system. Tetter, ealt-rheum, eczema, erysipelas, boils, carbuncles, en larged glands, tumors and swellings, and nil blood, skin, and scalp diseases, from a common blotch or eruption to the worst scrofula—these are perfectly and permanently cured by it. In building up needed flesh and strength of pale, puny, scrofulous children, nothing can equal it. Delicate diseases of either sex, how ever induced, speedily and radically cured. Addrees, in confidence, World's Dispensary Medical Association, Buffalo, N. Y. and Castoria relieves Teething Troubles. Children. IHiRTY years' obiervatioa of Castorla with tho patronage of millions of persons, permit to speak of it without guessing. It is unquestionably tho host remedy for Infants and Children tho world has svor known. It is harmless. Children like it. It gives them health. It will savo their lives. In It Mothers have something which is absolutely safe and practically perfect ns a Castoria destroys Worms. Castorla allays Feverishness. Castoria prevents vomiting Sonr Curd. Castoria euros PiarrhtBa and Wind Colie. Castoria cures Constipation and Flatnleney. Castoria neutralises the effects of carhonio acid gas or poisonous Castoria does not contain morphine, opium, or other narcotic property. Castoria assimilates the food, regulates the stomach and bowV, giving healthy and natural sleep. Castoria Is pnt np in onrslw bottles only. It is not sold in h"*V Don't allow any one to sell yon anything else on tho plea or pwlg that It is "Just as good" and "will answer every purpose." Boo that yon got C»A-flhT-O-R-I-A. Tho fee-simile signature of Children Cry for Pitcher's Castorla. Is on every 511St