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The Jamestown Alert.
DAILY (EXCEPT SUNDAY) & WEEKLY THURSDAY, AUGUST 27, 1896. S The Dally Alert la delivered In the city by car rier*, at 60 centt a month. Itaily, one year Daily, six month* Bally, three month* Weekly, onay ear WeeklT. *ix month* .. »eo» .. 300 .. 1 50 .. 1 50 W. R.KBLLOQO. KAILWAY MEN HKLPGL) UY FKKG COINAGE. A GOOD many railroad men have been told tbat free coinage would not help them because they would have to pay more for what they buy and their salaries would not be raised. Railroad men now in Jamestown remember when this yard was full of trains hauling freight to the west. Men were in demand at good wages and there was no com plaint about prioes of household necessities, or board. Then there were from live to ten orews for the numerous trains to where one crew gets work now. So many railroad men have been thrown out of jobs by the falling off of business due mostly to the shutting down of the mines the west, that they at least can see easily how a revival of tbat business would help them. There would be more ohanoes to go to work and no fear of losing a job or of being laid off on half time part of the year. As to how free ooinage would help those men who are so lucky as to hold jobs now, the following from Harry Cannon of Helena, Mont., is plain enough: "The great problem to be solved in rail way management is to operate a road that the earnings will not only pay interest, taxes and operating expenses, bat also pay dividends to stockholders. The first must be met before the' latter can be realized. When earnings are light by reason of the falling off in carrying business, running expenses must be cut down. This means a re duction of salaries of employes and a cutting down of the pay roll, for interest and taxes cannot be escaped. Thus the falling off in earning and the reduction in business strikes the employees first, discharging some and reducing the salaries of others. Show me a railroad in the oountry today that could not handle twice its present freight or passenger business if necessary, and thereby double its earnings. Railroad managers everywhere realize that there is a point in the oarrying capacity and volume of business of every road be yond which all business done is almost clear profit to the road. How many roads are doing business np to tbat point to day? "Admitting that an increase in the volume of business of the railroads of the country must neoessarily benefit railroad employes by giving plenty of work to all and increased wages to some at least, would not an abundanoe of money and an increase in the prioe of all kinds of products increase the rail road business? Farm products, which form the great bulk of the carrying business would rise to a point where the farmer would not only find a market for all he now produces, bat would be stimulated to inorease the output. This woald require and enable him to buy more machinery and more manufactured goods of every kind, thereby increasing the oarrying business and also increasing the demand for the productions of the mills and factories, and they in turn would call from enforced idleness the great army of unemployed labor. The farmer would be able to bay more goods, the manufacturer could sell more, and the increased demand would give em ployment at increased wages to labor, thus enabling labor to purchase more of the necessaries and luxuries of life, and the railroad employes would be more directly and quickly benefitted than any other class of labor. Capital would then "venture from its hiding places" and find a hundred new fields for investment." INCREASE OF SUICIDES. SCARCELY a newspaper is now opened without seeing accounts of one or tnore suicides. The hard times, lack of em ployment and fears for the future are given as causes in the majority of cases. Once it was generally believed that no person would take his own life who was not to some extent deranged. In New York it is still a criminal aot to attempt to take one's own life. But in the light of the great increase of deaths from this oause, the insanity theory, in most caBes, will have to be abandoned. The crim inal theory is abhorrent and unjust in any light. The history of suicide is one of the most remarkable and instructive chap ters in the history of the human family. The list of famouo men and women— scholars, poets, philosophers, soldiers aod rulers, beside the multitudes of the unknown—who have taken their own lives, is long and commanding. The theory of insanity can not be applied to one-tenth of the number. In the highest period of Oreek and Roman civilization •moide vu the most oommon. During the middle agea the people relapsed into semi-barbarism and praotioed all aorta of fantastic superstitions, and suicide decreased. In our reviving era of pro gress and new enlightenment, the theory tbat a man has aright to the disposition of hia own life, and the conviotion tbat with life's suroease, "the rest is silence," seems growing. Thejfear of punishment after death is evidently on the wane, as a deterrent oause. The inorease of suicides due to finan cial troubles is aaad commentary ou the intelligence of the people of the United States as seen in their governmental legislation on financee. In every other department of our government but the finatioes—in every line of knowledge, science, art, literature, engineering,trans portation, communication—we, as a peo ple, have made the greatest progress. Yet in the one uost important branch of all —financial legislation—we have retained the most clumsy, insufficient, and disas trous of methods in which to make ex changes of wants, commodities and ser vices. We have neglected entirely to study the function of money, and to oonsider it as simply a law made con venience for the publio welfare. To the selfish and monopolistic policy of contracting the volume cf our cur rency, thereby increasing the pur chasing power of our standard money, by which we deprive the people of a full and scientific money medium wherewith to make exobanges easy and in accord with oar progress in other lines, is dne, more than to any other means, the in orease in orime, disgraoe, suicide, and poverty in our oountry. As a nation we have resources that are incomparable. With industry and sobriety the advant ages of this oountry are more than enough to insure to any man, with rea sonable prudence, not only a good liveli hood, but a home and competency for old age. Yet the link that secures this —which is the stability of prioes of pro ducts and labor as measured in law made money—has dropped from the chain. Until the people turn their attention to this and give strict heed to the warn ings of decreasing prosperity no change for the better can be expected. The stubborn adherence to party politics on this question, and a refusal to drop political prejudioe in considering it is a stupid declination to learn facts that any man can acquire, and the result can only be a oontinuanoe of the present bard conditions, which the most enlightened people on earth are in. BOdBKE COCHRAN S SOPHISTRY. IN HIS speech answering Bryan, Bourke Cochran, the corporation lawyer of New York, accuses farmers of trying to get up a oonspiraov to advance prices of prodnots in order to force down wages of laboring men, and Mark Hanna is quoted as saying that Cochran's speech is one of the best he has heard. This kind of talk ought to make silver votes in any state in this Union. The men out of employment already, can easily see that better farm prices will mean more purchases of goods by the agricultural class—whiob comprises nearly half the population of this coun try. If the farm classes get more money for what they raise, under free ooinage, they will be able to buy of what the wage earner creates, and that the in creased demand for the goods he makes will set business going again, reopen factories now closed, aud furnish better paid employment than can now be had in any occupation. The wage earner now so fortunate as to be holding a job at a low salary will have opportunities to get new and better paying positions, as the demand for skilled and all other labor becomes greater with the increased purchases by customers in the country. But on the other band it the farmer is not able to get better prices than he is now getting, he can not buy, of manu factured goods, more than he is now do ing, or has done in the past few years. In that case the opportunities for get ting work by laborers will grow less. Smaller wages will have to be paid, and many men now holding salaried positions will have to give them up, or take less— as no employer can afford to pay his men the same wages, unless he sells more goods. This applies to every kind of labor working for daily wages, or for a monthly salary. Suoh demagogio speeches as Cochran's are calculated to deoeive and injure the very men they are addressed to influenoe. The prosperity of the farm classes is the basis of prosperity for all others. The wage earner, who is too dull or too pre judiced to understand this, may have plenty of time to refieot upon it, when looking for another job. NO HELP FROM A PROTECTIVE TARIFF. Tne prioe of wheat in North Dakota is now about the lowest in history. It is safe to say that many farmers who have watched the effects of both high and low tariffs have reached the conclusion that no change in tariff schedules is going to raise the price of our grain. If over production is the sole oause of low prices why is it, tbey reasonably ask, tbat wheat is not higher this year than last, when we have a much less crop throughout the country? While it is no doubt true that the majority of North Dakota farmers be lieve in the general principle of a pro tective tariff on goods coming into this oountry to compete with home made goods, yet the conviction has been foroed by experience that tbe tariff has a much less effect on the price of our surplus wheat, whioh is exported and on whioh no tariff duty is laid, than we have been led to believe. In other words, that so long as we sell our surplus on the gold basis, no matter how high the schedule of tariff duties be placed on goods im ported into this oountry, it will not raise the prioe of our wheat whioh is sold in Liverpool, in competition with w^ieat in silver using countries that is bought with silver, which buys as much for the Indian and Argentine wheat grower as it ever did in those countries. As long as we se'l our surplus wheat for gold whioh has doubled in purchasing power and our competitors sell their wheat for silver, which buys for them as muob of other things as it has done for 20 years, how can a tariff on imported goods mend matters for us? Tbe remedy is not a higher tariff but tbe free and un limited ooinage of silver by the United States government, which will cause the present difference in purchasing power between uncoined silver and gold to dis appear and leave the United States on a footing of equality with other nations ic the sale of our Barplus wheat. These terms of equality will give us the advan tage in production over the foreign pro ducer and at the same time raise the prioe here to what tbey receive. A FORECAST. A FORECAST of the oleotion results by states, is given elesewhere. Every reader must judge for himself as to whether the oonolusions are based on reasonable grounds or not. Tbe forecast was made from a competent source, about two weeks ago, and nothing in the politioal situation has occurred since to indioate auy decided change in senti ment as given in the various states. If anything, the silver men seem to have gained strength recently in several so called gold states, suoh as Indiana and New York, generally democratic states. In Minnesota good work towprds unit ing all the anti-gold elements, has just been been done, giving to that sttate a deoided appearance favorable to Bryan eleotors and the campaign has hardly opened as far as the work of the national committees go. It is more difficult to judge closely of this election than in any previous general election in this oountry. Great surprises are looked for. Many men believe tbe times can not be worse any way and tbat a trial of a different policy ought to be undertaken at once if it tarns out badly, it can be quickly reversed. They are also not telling in the market plaoe just how tbey are going to vote, and will not be likely to during the campaign. Neither is money going to buy votes against a man's oonviotions as it may have in the past. On the whole the silver men who claim that the free and equal coinage of both gold and silver—ander whioh we pros pered for eighty years—will again restore plenty of work, better prioes, and lietter timeB, have much encouragement- in tbe outlook. Every silver man sees the necesity of standing together and each one becoming a missionary with neighbor in the cause of all. hiB NOT IN THEIR EMPLOY. Senator Thurston's much advertised charge tbat W.J. Bryan was in tbe em ploy of silver mine owners at a fixed sal ary, has been again specifically denied by Mr. Bryan. He says the only income he has had since leaving congress has been derived from his salary as editor of the Omaha World-Herald, from lectures and from contributions made by people where he has spoken. He challenges the national republican committee to accuse him openly or be silent. This ought to stop the gold bag charge that Bryan is in the pay of the silver mine owners,—bat it will doubt less break out in anew spot soon. The man or the newspaper that at tempts to contradict one-tenth of the lies and misstatements set afloat by tbe gold standard, subsidized press during this campaign will be swamped in the effort. To refute, or to attempt to re fute, the slanderous statements or reply to the abusive epithets substituted for arguments, will be likewise a fruitless task. The public can see that this is done to detract attention from the main issue—to cover up in a war of words and endless contention other matters that pertain directly to the issue of tbe hour. MR. BIIVAN spoke at Tivoli, N. Y., the 23rd, and in the course of his remarks on the duty of our government protect ing our own citizens, no matter what other governments may do for their citizens, made this good point: The gold standard advocates are busy raising objections and making opposition to free and equal coinage of gold and silver. Tbey are filling the press of the oountry with prophecies of disaster, of panio, and reduction in wages if silver is remonetized and again ased as one kind of primary money. These are statements, not backed by faots from tbe history and experience of the United States, for we had free ooinage for eighty years and prospered. Mr. BryBn said the gold standard men propose no remedy themselves for tbe present conditions. Tbey do not know what ooght to be done, or if tbey do, will not tell. His point is timely and trae. Nothing is offered by which to raise prioes of commodities if we keep the gold stand ard in foroe. Higher prioes is the only way that general business and individual prosperity oan be restored. The gold standard advooates admit free ooinage will advanoe prioe*. Yet they are mostly engaged in trying to frighten wag* earners, already getting a precarious livelihood. A email and ignoble end for the boasted intelligence of the gold men to be working for. SOUE of the oountry weeklies of the state contain, in addition to their regu lar issue, the "sound money" supple ments and "gold plate" matter, whioh the publishers get for nothing. This is a big bill of cost to be paid and whiob the gold standard syndicates bear. There are no free ready-prints for the other side. Publishers of silver papers are paying to home labor the oost of setting type or are buying other matter from tbe plate bouses, and paying for it out of their own pockets. There is no "silver money bureau" to provide all tbe ready printed matter that the silver pub lisher will take. The sound money arguments in this "gold plated," free-of-expenee service are, as a rule, composed of misleading statements, erroneous statistics, cun ningly devised arguments which mostly appeal to prejudice. In the paid col umns of such sheets the demagogue and time server fairly revels. A great many of the statements also are pure balder dash, printed because it is believed that the ignoranoe of readers will never de tect the frauds until the election is over and four mc re years of satisfactory con ditions to the gold syndicates have been secured. JCDGE PAG A MORRIS the candidate for congress on the gold ticket, at Duluth has declined to meet Cong. Towne in joint debate. Towne oballenged Morris to 30 debates, but Morris would not listen to it. Towne then proposed ,10, and was refused. Morris would only consent to four and to have all issues discussed. Towne offered to accept four but confine them to the fi nancial issue alone. Finally Morris declined to meet Towne at all, evi dently having found the small hole he was looking for to get oat of. The silver men have the best of the finanoial argument—and as the financial issue is the only one the people care to hear, Mr. Towne was wise in trying to hold his gold antagonist down to the is sue. It shows tbat tbe gold cause is a poor one when it will not 6tand a debate of four rounds and supported at that, by one of the ablest men in Minne sota that could be found to advocate the gold side. WHAT the London Fmanciul News says will happen if free coinage passes in the United States is enough to make every American take off his coat and work to make certain the result. When one of the leading English pa pers admits the very statements that the American silver men are claiming, fur ther disonssion as to tbe benefits of suoh a law for this oountry seems un necessary. Are you willing to see gold again leave tbe banks and enter into tbe avenues of trade? To see manufactories of tbe United States again resume their fight lor the English markets? for this is what tbe London News says will happen under free coinage. No better author ity oould be had in support of the silver men's statements than the admission of their opponents. If tbe American voter does not cast a ballot for free coinage it means that British markets and British interests are dearer to him than bis own. IT IS not uncommon to hear that traveling men have been "called off" from speaking their political convictions by the firm intimating that it oan not borrow money of tbe Twin city banks "while the silver agitation is kept up." Tbe firms who are trying to influence their customers, and through their cus tomers the people, to vote for continu ing the present low scale of farm prices and also to keep the mines of the west ern states closed, are helping to cripple their beet customers— in tbe interests of tbe gold syndicates. It is remarkable that wholesale houses follow suoh a short-sighted, suicidal plan, for they must know that until the farmer and miner of tbe northwest is again making money no business in tbe Twin cities, or any other city, can hope to substantially prosper. FULTON & Co., bond buyers of North Dakota, write a correspondent in Rolette county that they can't get money just at present to buy a few good securities. The eastern banks are refusing to let money out at the present low rate of interest for the usual high class securi ties, and Fulton & Co., intimate that it is for nn object lesson to the "crazy" sijver .AYER'S PILLS "Havingbeen subject, for years, to constipation, without being able to find much relief, I at last tried Ayer Pills, and testify that I have derived great benefit from their use. For over two years past I have taken one of these pills every night."—U. W. BOW MAN, as East Main St., Carlisle, Pa. OXJR.B CONSTIPATION. Vegetable Freparationfor As similating Ihe Food and Regula ting the Stomachs andBowels of Promotes DigestionXfcerf ness and Rest.Contains neiCir 3OT jium,Morphine nor Mineral. NARC OTIC* 'mfOUa-SANUELHTIMB Mx.Stmm /MtlkSJlt- A pcifect Remedy for Constipa tion, Sour Stoirach, Diarrhoea. Worms .Convulsions .Feverish* ness and Loss OF SLEEP. Tac Simile Signature of NEW YORK. At 111 (111\ old O S I S EXACT copy or WRAPPER. people, bat one real reason is that, with Bryan's election and a general revival of money making and good times, the present low rate investments made by banks and money agencies will not be wanted. Money will be worth more atd loans drawing only 3 and 4 per cent will be passed up. THE Minneapolis Journal estimates North Dakota's yield of wheat this year at but 36,000,000 or nearly, if not half less than last year. The same propor tionate decrease is given for Minnesota aod Sooth Dakota—not an average crop in the three states. Much of the crop also is going to be of poor quality, and grade low. The prioe seems to be in no way effected by thejdecrease in yield. It is as low, it not lower than last year when we had a doable crop in one season, the largest ever raised. If over production is the oause of low prioes a decrease of half tbe crop of tbe northwest onght not send prioes lower still. THE gold papers say that Bryan at Madison Square bad the stage all to himself. Who was on the stage when Burke Cochran answered Bryan? Bankers and bank presidents, railroad presidents, Cleveland's office holders, gold bug aristocrats, men of great wealth. It was they who applauded the gold speech of Cochran, and it is the men of great wealth, the creditors, who are asking the wage earners to re tain the 200 cent gold dollar, because it is "sound money." But the answer comes from a steadily growing army of workmen that "silver is good enough for me." IT IS stated that the Soo road has given the maker of a stove for burning lignite for beating and cooking purposes special advantages in the introduction of the same, in North Dakota, along tbe line of tbat road. The Soo is evidently not discriminating against tbe use of lignite fuel, but, ia attempting to utilize a great natural deposit of fuel that is cheap and serviceable for people in this slate. This is another indication of tbe interest whioh the management of the Soo road seems to be taking in the de velopment of North Dakota, and the welfare of the people along its line. The people like to see tbat policy manifested. IT IS said that tbe republican national committee intends to make a poll of every state before election to find out how men are going to vote. It is a good deal like a large manufacturer or em ployer whose politioal views and desires are well known to all his employes, call ing them before him and saying to each: "Who are you going to vote for, my can didate or yours?" Tbe poll will be of little value after it is taken. It is probably an experiment to see how far oertain kinds of intimida tion is going to succeed in tbe larger cities among wage earners and factory hands. THE democrats, populists, and silver men have fused in Pembina county and nominated Frank Wilson of Bathgate for the state senate. The plan is to unite all tbe reform forces of the district against Jud LaMoure, who is expected to be the gold standard candidate. The fusionists say tbey have a good chanoe to defeat Jud this year and feel more like doing it than ever. The man who SEE THAT THE FAC-SIMILE SIGNATURE I OF IS ON THE WRAPPER 0P EVEBY BOTTLE OF" emu Osatoria is pat np la ons-slxs bottles only. It is not sold ia bulk. Don't allow anyone to asll yoa anything else on the plea or promise tbat it is "jnst as good" and "will answer every pur pose." '•®*8ee that yoa got 0-A-8-T-0JW-A, Thifw dmil* dgutusi of torn r4*t •T"7 mtpptr. believes that silver should be sustained oan not consistently vote for any candi date who is not known as a sound silver advocate who oan be trusted after elected. EUGENE V. DEBS advises all men working for wages to vote for Bryan aod tbe reooinage of silver. The labor anions of the country generally regard E. Y. Debs as a sincere friend, and bis advioe on this important question is likely to receive a careful consideration. There are but few railroad men who do not hold high opinion of Debs' ability, and loyalty to their interests. How many railway employes believe that if Debs thought their wages would be cut in two, with a 50 oent dollar, that he would urge them to vote for free ooinage? THE Cincinnati Enquirer has informa tion tbat many of the oountry bankers of Ohio will support Bryan and free ooinage. The reason given is that tbe conviction is growing that tbe prosper ity of tbe banks depends upon tbe pros perity of the farmers, and as the people in those communities are About all one way, tbe bankers must stand by them. Ex-Gov. FRANCIS of Missouri has been appointed successor to Secretary Hoke Smith. Cleveland's cabinet is now in entire aocord with the gold policy of tbe administration. The country will not be surprised to see another bond grab after election and before the Cleveland wing of the gold syndicates go out of power. THE populists of the country will re gret to see that in the union of reform and silver forces in Minnesota this year, with viotory in eight, Ignatius Donnelly is not taking the lead. He seems to be engaged handicapping tbe fusion candi dates. Better things were expected of eo celebrated a man as Donnelly. W. C. P. BRECKENKIDOE, tbe Ken tucky gentleman who was badly .turned down by his state in a celebrated cam paign, and who was reoently much dis cussed by the country in connection with another little matter, is the champion of the gold standard in Kentucky. TOM WATSON is doing a good deal of kicking down in Georgia. But the country is not paying exclusive attention to it. Tbe voters are discussing tbe real issue as it affects them, not tbe candi dates, and making up their minds to vote for better times this fall. IT is now stated in Fargo that the re cent sale of tbe Argus did not change its ownership, and tbat J. J. Hill of the Great Northern road and Jud LaMoure still own the controlling interest and direct tbe policy of the management. IN Bismarck the chief interest in the campaign seemB to center in who will get the offioes, and then who will be the deputies and then who will be the type writers. This is the issue and next comes tbe taiiff. THE cartoons in tbe Chicago Record are about tbe best seen in any of the big dailies. Tbey fairly illustrate tbe situ ation without being offensively partisan, Bbusive or splenetic. Theories of cure may be discussed at length by physicians, but the sufferer* want quiok relief and One Minntc Cough Cure will give it to them. A safe cure for obildren. It is "tbe only harmless remedy that produces immedi ate results." Baldwin Bros.