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Jamestown weekly alert. [volume] (Jamestown, Stutsman County, D.T. [N.D.]) 1882-1925, December 02, 1897, Image 1

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W
WHAT PINCREE DID
Results of Ten Years of Mu­
nicipal Progress in
Detroit
Outlined by Governor Plngree
Before the 19th Cen­
tury Club.
Tribute to Common People
-Needed Municipal Re­
forms Advocated.
fe addre68 of Gov. Pingree of Mioh
f.a before the 19th Century Club of
»w York city has excited a great deal
*#*"'of interest throughout the country. It
shows what one man can accomplish
when backed up by the people in whose
interest he worked. Many of our readers
may not have seen the address and the
following ife a report of the more import­
ant parts of at:
"I have hesitated to speak before a
dub like this from the topic suggested,
namely: "The Results of Ten Years of
Municipal Progress.' I am a little
'«ftBhamed to say that ten years ago I
knew but little about monioipal affairs
I was like thousands of others of plain
business men who imagine thattbey are
good citizens and that they are discharg­
ing all their public duties, and yet who
do not take sufficient interest in the
affaire of the town in whioh they live to
understand much about them. Iu this
I regard the business man and the well
to-do as greatly to blame. They not
only allow but expeot those upon whom
they look down in contempt to furnish
them with good government and to pro
tact their lives and properties without
oontriburiftig anything toward it them'
selves. They grumble at the result of
caucuses which they do not attend and
complain of the mismanagement of those
whom they take no part in selecting.
Oooasionally tbey rise up and show their
power in defeating unpopular nominees,
but as a general rule they neglect their
duties as citizens.
"I have coaie to regard it as the duty
of every man to take part ID the prim
aries, and believe it would be a
WIBC
law
that would prohibit uien from voting
who have voluntarily abstained from
taking part in nominations..
AFFAIRS AS THEY WERE IN 1890.
"My connection with municipal affairs
began in .1890 as mayor of the city of
1
Detroit. That city had long been re­
garded as safe for '.he democratic party.
Constant power made the local leaders
reckless. The streets were mostly un
paved, but had already been given away
to street-car companies, gas companies
and other corporations of that kind.
One could not drive out of the city on
any of the prominent streets without
paying tolls to the old turnpike com
panies. The city formed one school dis
toot, governed by a school board over
which the mayor bad no control or
4 supervision. Liioda were platted in and
about tLe city by the owners without
consultation with any public authority
The plats ofteu provided tor no streets,
so that after lots had been sold and
bouses built the oily was compelled to
pay large sums to open highways for the
accommodation of the inhabitants. The
pavements that existed were of the worst
character and could scarcely be said to
improve the dirt roads upon which tbey
were laid. What few parks existed in
the city had been to a large extent given
away and were occupied for buildings of
one kind and another. All telegraph
and telephone wires were stretched on
poles, making the dtp unsightly and in
many instances unsafe.
"I take some pride' in saying that at
the end of nearly eight years of service
as mayor of Detroit the city is conceded
to be one of the most, beautiful in the
United States. It is no longer lighted
by gas, but bss its own electric lighting
plant, snd is magnificently illuminated
at lees thsn half tbe old rate. Tbe gas
furnished to its oitizens bas been reduoed
at lesst one-third in price and much im­
proved in quality. There are no toll
rat*s left within tbe city limits. The
several boards are compelled to do their
legal business through the office of tbe
corporation counsel and to conduct their
financial business through the city treas­
urer. Conduits have been provided in
the streets for independent telephones
for tbe police and fire depsrtments. The
old paving rings have been broken np.
The dooks at tbe ends of streets, which
bad been farmed out for a trifle to ferry
companies, have been reclaimed for tbe
use of tbe people. The school board bas
been brought under subjection and its
actions subjected to the veto power of
tbe mayor. TLe old horse oars bave dis­
appeared and a splendid system of elec­
tric cars running over grooved rails has
been established.
MORE REFORMS BROUGHT ABOUT.
"Tbe old companies bave been forced
from a straight 5-cent fare, without
transfers, to ssll tickets at the rate of
six for a quarter, with transfers. A new
company carrying about 40 per oent of
the whole number of passengers bas been
brought into the city, upon which right
tickets for a quarter, with transfers, oan
be obtained. All tbe oompaniee have been
compelled to sell workingmen's tickets
during certain hours morning and ovea-
5
ing, at 3 cents. An opposition telephone
oompany has been established by whioh
rates have been reduoed to less than
one-quarter of those previously paid.
More than 235 miles of pavement has been
laid. It iB oomposed of asphalt, brick,
granite and oedar blocks all laid upon
substantial concrete foundations. Most
of the email parks throughout the oity
have been cleared of the old
"It is something to be proud of tbat
when the influential classes turned their
backs upon me the common people of
tbe city, who were too poor to bave axes
to grind and who were only interested in
tbe growth and progress of tbe municip­
ality, always stood by me and supported
me in every forward step. When you
consider this experience you will not be
surprised tbat I bave come to lean upon
tbe common people as the real founda­
tion upon which good government must
rest.
"Among those who have have opposed
the different reforms introduced are
mep who would Jue supposed to be above
temptation and are universally regarded
as iut very bighest types or ciuzens
Tbey occupy high places in commercial
life. Some of uaem are judges some of
them are senators ana members of legis­
lative bodies some are great bankers
some are merchaot princes. Against tbe
influence of such men it bas been abso­
lutely necessary to appeal to the masses
to prevent the city from being tiad hand
and foot and plundored without mercy.
"1 bave coma to agree with tbe cele
brated English divine who said: 'In
every country the nation is in tbe cottage,
and if the light of your legislation does
uot shine tbera, your statesmanship is
failure and your system is a mistake.
Indeed, every campaign in which 1 bave
taken apart bas incrassed my admira
tion for the common people. I bave
been made painfully aware of the ex
penditure of large sums of money to
elect corrupt aldermen and other oflioials.
This money is contributed by men who
stand high in tbe community, and who
expect to be paid back a hundred-fold
from tbe public treasury. Their efforts
to oorrupt tbe people are resisted by tbe
poor—the honest yeomanry of the land.
"I have found in Decessary and have
oontioually practiced it to pull the
screens wide open in front of every man
wbo ie doing dirty work, call him by
name and ebow up his schemes in tbe
newspapers. It is your so-called respect­
able people wbo are tbe most dangerous.
Tbeir cloak of eminent respectability
bides thetn. and the people hardly be­
lieve you when you ebow tbem up, es­
pecially when they are oburob members
or oarry long faoss.
FEARS FOR THE GOVERNMENT.
"How long can a government last
whioh increases oonstautly tbe burdens
of tbe industrial class and gives it to
those who prey upon tbe bone and sinew
of this nation? Tbe power of indirect
taxation permitted to monopolies exceeds
tbe direot taxation for government.
'Speaking here in New York, I fear
that my remarks upon this subjeot may
not be well reoeived, but you have asked
ma to come, and I must speak ss I see
and believe, end I do not shrink from
pointing out on this occasion the great
perils to whioh our country is exposed
in this effort of ours at self government.
I am one of those wbo bope and .believe
tbat self-government by tbe people, and
for the people, bss not been half tried,
nor reached tbat stage which all men
wbo love liberty hope it will eventually
reach. We may in the near future pass
through troublous times, for as 'constsnt
vigilance is tba prioe of safety,' so must
liberty be regained at times.
"Oreed in tbe United States must be
curbed, for greed is tbe root of all evil,
-v
4
ocoupantB
and afford breathing places for tbe popu­
lation. The parks have all been im­
proved, and add immensely to the health
and beauty of the city.
"I fouud that over 25 per oent of the
children of the city could not attend
school on account of no school buildings
to accommodate them. We built while
I was mayor, thirty-three echoolhouses,
con laming 307 rooms, including one
central high scool buildiDg,costing about
§500,000. With all this the rate of taxa­
tion in the city has not materially in­
creased
"This progress bas been the result of
many battles. In fact, the period has
been more like one of war than peaoe.
It is interesting now to look back over
our many oonilictH. I was first selected
as a condidate by tbe most influential
people of tbeoity men who had large
holdings in railroads, in street railway
companies, in gas oompaniee, those who
held position on tbe various boards of
the city, prominent merchants, bankers
and professional men, all united in re­
questing me to become a candidate. I
discovered very soon after my election
that the railroads were paying less than
tbeir share of tsxes. I said so, and the
railroad support immediatel left me. I
discovered that the gas companies were
charging exorbitant tates. I said so,
and tbe owners of the gas stock turned
their backs upon me. I found the
bankers speculating in theoity funds.
I denounced the practice, and they de­
nounced me as an unsafe man. I at­
tacked the old turnpike roads and their
owners called me an anarchist. In short,
I found that every time I attempted to
correct an abuse I lost a large and in­
fluential class of supporters. I found
many of the members of boards interest­
ed in one way or another in the sunplies
furnished to the city, and wb«n I oalled
attention to tbe fact the boards became
intensely hostile.
OFFENDED INFLUENTIAL CLASSES.
usm
No Place Like North Dakota.
Regarding Editor Oarver's recent trip
to New York and conditions in the east
be says in tbe Leeds News:
So far as we oould see and judge tbe
corporations, tba office holders, those
wbo have permanent employment at
good salaries under tbe corporations and
offio* holders, and those who had large
sums of money drawing good, safe inter­
est, were prosperous. There is another
large and numerous olass tbat were npt
so situated that were crying hard times
about the same as they were four years
ago. Individual republicans were sure
good times were coming because the
farmers in tbe northwest bad a good
wheat crop this year and prices were
good snd as a result tbe people of tbe
west were going to bave lots of money
and tbey were going to bave lots of
money and tbey were going to buy east­
ern goods and tbat would make good
times back there.
Our advice to North Dakotans is, stay
where you are, work hard, keep out of
debt, save and be content aod if at any
time you get a notion that things are
better back east, don't sell out on the
spur of the moment but make a visit
east and we think you will return cured
of any mental tribulation with which
you may bave been bothered before
leaving.
IHKSTER TRAGEDY
Mary Luxton Shoots H. Halvor
son For Abandoning Her.
GRAND FORKS, NOV. 29.—"I wanted to
die, and I wanted him to die with me,"
was the explanation given by Mary Lux
ton after she had shot H. flalvorson
through tbe abdomen, at Inkster Satur­
day.
Her victim will die. Physicians say
there is no hope for him.
The young woman wbo did the shoot­
ing was giveo a hearing in the justice
oourt and held to await trial in the dis­
trict court.
It appears that the girl and Halvorson
bad been engaged for three years, but
tbat Halvorson had wearied of the girl.
She had been at Orookston toe some time
past, but about two weeks ago came to
Inkster where he was employed in a
store and sought to effect a reconcili­
ation but without avail.
She called at the store Saturday morn­
ing and after talking with him a few
minutes he told her to go away and
never come near him again.
Then she drew a revolver from ber
muff but still ooncealed in a handker­
chief and without warning shot him
through the abdomen. The girl then
turned tbe revolver toward ber own
breast, but before she oould fire Halvor­
son grabbed the revolver from her and
prevented her from doing herself any
injury.
Halvorson does not blame the girl and
says he was to blame entirely. Both
olaim there were no improper relations
between tbem. The parting between
the couple when the girl was brought to
jail to see him was very affeoting.
A Good Field for Investment.
There bas been a larger volume of
business ttanssoted through the office
of tbe secretary of state of North Dakota
for tbe month of November than since
tbe organization of tbe state. This goes
to show tbat people are beginning to
capitalize numerous investments and
bave confidence tbat prosperity in North
Dakots bas coma to stay for some years.
It is a notioasble faot tbat all the new
corporations are for actual business in­
vestments witbin this state, no wild cat
or Klondike corporations have been or­
ganised here. Bismarck Tribune.
i.
S
-?ff
vi
JAMESTOWN WEEKLY ALERT.
nationul and politioal. Wrong cannot
stand before right and truth, except for
awhile. What is right will prevail in
the end.
"Of late there are those wbo fear the
people, and in your clubs a monarchy
like England is advocated. It you ana­
lyze tbe oase you will find tbat only
those fear tbe people wbo are exploiting
tbe people The people, so oalled, the
class 1 have mentioned, are the main­
stay of this republic of ours, and they
are always right.
'There must be one law for the rich
and poor alike. There must be one
measure of justice. Our legislators must
legislate not for a olass but for tbe whole
people. Our courts must forget the in­
fluence which placed them on tbe bench
when they judge between man and man.
It is the duty of government to protect
tbe weak against the strong, the poor
against 'he selfishness of wealth.
"I say right here that unless the re­
publican party comes out as a champion
of the average man and his welfare, and
unless it ceases to cater to syndicates,
trusts, monopolies and other exploiting
agencies, it will be buried in oblivion,
and your money will not help you.
"We must begin by advocating muni­
cipal ownership of natural monopolies
and take away from them the item of
profit and relieve tbe wage-earner to
tbat extent."
VOL XXI JAMESTOWN, NORTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 2 1897 NO 19
.£'s£
fV4 r- *yfq
TO STAND TRIAL
M. J. Villers Waives Exami­
nation 4kfith Consider­
able Agitation.
North Dakota Weather About
the Same a Century
Ago.
Bootlegging in the City
to Prisoners Nipped
in the Bud.
Jail
M. J.Villers appeared in court Monday
morning, waived examination and was
committed to jail to await the January
term of court when bis trial will take
place. He said he had secured no at­
torney and had no money to employ one.
He said he would waive examination,and
the old man's hand trembled with agita­
tion as he thought perhaps, of the trial
ahead of him. He wss not entirely
master oi himself until after he had but­
toned his coat about him, and started
for the carnage on bis return to the jail
where be will remain for a month or
more before trial.
Villers Meets His Family.
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Villers of Mont
pelier were in tbe city Thanksgiving
morning *o visit M. J. Villers in tbe
oourt house jail. This was the first time
tbe Bon had seen his father since his re,
moval to the state penitentiary in an
uary, *95 and while he wanted very much
to see bis father yet be dreaded tbe in­
terview. Mr. Villers was informed there
were some friends waiting to see him
and he met biB son an?) wife with a great
deal of affection. "Louie," "Papa," were
were tbe exclamations from eaoh as they
met snd embraced. Their conversation
lasted an hour or more and was carried
on almoet entirely in French. It was
chiefly about business matters and tbeir
homes, all breaking down and weeping
more than once. Tbe son said it was be­
lieved at Montpelier tbat his father had
been brought from Bismarck loaded
down with heavy chains, iron balls, etc.,
and Mr. Villers called on Sheriff Severn
to corroborate his statement that be
wore nothing but hand cuffs. Mrs,
Villers was unable to come to the city
owing to illness.
Upon Mrs. Tromer's return to La
Moure after her visit to Jamestown and
the identification of her murdered Lus
band's remains, she was ill for some time
with an attack of nervous prostration.
The LaMoure Chronicle says the terri­
ble events of tbe past three years culmi­
nating in the finding of her husband's
body, have contributed to thoroughly
undermine Mrs. Tromer's health and
constitution, and tbe slightest mental
shock is liable to prove fatal. It is said
that the proposition made her by Com­
missioner Johnston to have ber two little
girls taken into adoption by friends
added much to recent collapse.
NORTH DAKOTA WEATHER
Much the Same Now as a
Hundred Years Ago
Earliest Records
North Dakota weather averages about
the same year after year. From obser­
vations taken at Bismarck for 22 years
tbe normal temperature of December
is 15 degrees above zero. Tbe warmest
month was tbat of '87 with an average
of 29 degrees and tbe coldest tbat of '79
with an average of —1 degrees. The
highest temperature was 64 degrees on
the 10th, 1890 the lowest was -38 de­
grees on tbe 24tb, 1879.
Tbe first meteorological data of which
there is any record was taken by Lewis
and Clarke at Ft. Mandan—located on
tbe north side of the Missouri river
about eight miles below the mouth of
tbe Knife river—about 35 miles north of
Bismarck—in the winter of 1804 and
1805. Tbe normal temperature of tbat
December was 3.8 degrees tbe highest
temperature 63 degrees and tbe lowest
-45. January averaged -3.4 degrees,
February 11.3 degrees, March, 28.4
and November, proceeding, 33.4 degrees.
Tbe average precipitation of moisture,
as recorded at Bismarck for 22 years, is
0.66 inches tbe greatest, 1.71 inches in
'84, and the least 0.03 last winter.
Lewis and Clarke said in their journal
regarding tbat long distant winter,
nearly a century ago:
"Nov. 29th, snow eight inches deep it
drifted in heaps on tbe open ground.
Deo. 15tb, snow fell half an inch 24th,
snow very inconsiderable. January 3,
1805, the snow is nine inches deep 8th,
the enow is now ten inohee deep, accumu­
lating by frosts 23rd, tbe snow fell about
four inches last night, it oontinues to
snow today 31st, two inches of enow
fell last night. February 14tb, the enow'
fell three inches deep last night. Maroh
2nd, the snow has disappeared in many
plaoee."j
The snow fall on the "slope" is about
tbe least of any locality in the state and
the winter of 1804-5 was just such a win.
ter as is experienced now—a century
after.
Didn't Pass the Bottle.
Tbos. Mulligan was brought up before
Justice Pearson Monday for at­
tempting to sell or deliver to Charles
Purdee, now coniined in the city ba6tile
for disorderly conduct Saturday,a pint—
bottle—of whisky with tlie in teot that tbe
said Purdee should drink the same as a
beverage. The liquor wa9 taken into
the jail in violution of the Code that pro­
vides no liquor, except upon a physician's
prescription, shall be delivered tic prison­
ers—the fine for which is 815. Policeman
Cadieux relieved Mulligan of the bottle
of whigky and then pat him behind the
bars with Purdee—to think about it.
Tbos. Mulligan was fined §10 and costs
for trying to pass liquor into the jail. He
paid up.
State School Funds Apportioned
The November apportionment of the
state tuition fund has been made by tbe
department of public instruction. The
total amount of the apportionment is
398,099.52, being a per capita apportion­
ment of 31.36 for 72,132 children. Cass
county leads, with total number of
children and consequently gets the larg­
est single share of the apportionment,
its portion being 39,670.91, for 7,111
children. Grand Forks county gets
38,908 for 6,550 children. Walsh county
has 6,517 children and its share of the
fund is $8,863.12. Pembina oounty gets
37.983 20 for 5,870 children. There is a
difference between Ransom and Ramsey
counties of only seven in tbe number of
children and about $10 in apportion-
t^8'nan
ooan ge 8
for 1,774 children.
G. N. Train* on N. P. Traoka.
FARGO, N. D., Dec. 1.—It is re­
ported that arrangements bave been ef­
fected whereby the Great Northern will
run its Aneta, Hope and Mayville trains
into Fargo over the Northern Pacific
tracks from Casselton. This will tiring
considerable additional trade to Fargo.
The plan has been frequently proposed
before.
Another Fargo dispatch, to the Min­
a is a a re id
Hill succeeded six years ago, in dispos­
sessing Major Edwards of the Fargo
Argus, published prior to that time by
the major. After being turned out
the cold, the big editor and Mr. Plum
lev started the Forum. Naturally, tbey
bave never espoused Mr. Hill's cause,
and recently they bave been publishing
a series of articles, comparing the Great
Northern freight rates with those
charged by other roads and in other
states. The comparisons bave not been
very flattering to Mr. Hill's road,and are
said to bave caused tbe management
some indignation and worry. Senator
Haggart of Fargo is credited with apian
to help Mr. Hill out. It ie to have tbe
Great Northern run passenger trains
from Aneta, Hope and Mayville into
Fargo. These trains would bave to U3e
tbe Northern Pacific tracks from Cassel­
ton, and at a consultation held in St.
Paul last week it is said Mr. Hill assured
tbe senator and Mayor Johnson tbat he
could easily secure tbe Northern Pacific's
consent, and would run the proposed
trains to Fargo for the benefit of Fargo
merchants,provided tbe Fargo merchants
would withdraw tbeir patronage from
the Forum, Major Edwards' paper, and
all other papers publishing antagonistic
articles to his road. He seemed to think
the expense incurred in running extra
trains to Fargo would be well 6pent if it
succeeded in repressing the articles and
boycotting the Forum.
Mayor Johnson denies much of tbe
above and says "Mr. Hill did not say or
intimate bow much business either his
road or any other got in or out of Fargo
neither was there anything said about
anyone advertising or not advertising in
any newspaper neither was there any­
thing said about the reducing of freight
rates, or the moulding of public senti­
ment for or against any road in or out of
Fargo."
Why Alaska Is Thankful.
Alaska's governor thought they had
much to be thankful for and in his pro­
clamation said:
"On aooount of the wonderful discov­
eries of gold upon tbe Klondike we bave
been brought prominently before the
public, and many who have decried Al­
aska as good for nothing now are ad­
mitting tbat it bas wonderful possibili­
ties. For this turn in tbe tide to opin­
ion let us give thanks. While tbe cattle
upon tbe bills are tbe Almighty's tbe
gold, copper and coal in tbe mountains,
and the fish iu the sen,
Are
his also.'1
A bargain in laoe leather at hunger's.
v.: ...
TO DE RELEASED
Application Made in Cases of
Indians Defender and
Black Hawk.
Asserted No Conviction Can
Be Had on the Charge
of Murder.
Cannot Confine Indians
Reservations in Times
of Peace.
murder case will be closed this afternoon
says tbe Bismarck Tribune. Three of
the men accused of the murder bave
gone to their final account at tbe hands
of vigilantes. Two will be dismissed
there being no means of proving tbeir
guilt, if tbey are guilty. One of the
jurors wbo tried Coudot is dead, as tbe
result of an accident, and tbe aggregate
reward of $1,400 offered for tbe arrest
and conviction of the murderers can
never be claimed, for tbe reason tbat no
conviction was had. George Defender,
one of the surviving men accused of
participation in the murder, has con­
sumption and his death is a matter of a
short time from that disease, it is be­
lieved. And tbe memory of one of the
most horrible crimas on record will
gradually fade out, except in the im­
mediate locality of the 'murder, and in
the memory of tbe relatives of tbe mur
dered people.
The Standing Rock Indians.
It was recently reported in Bismarck
tbat tbe mother of Phillip Ireland, one
of the Indians lynched at Williamsport,
committed suioide also tbat tbe mothers
of tbe other Indians lynched made un­
successful attempts. A correspondent
of tbe Emmons County Record says the
"squaws, as is usual whenever there is a
death in tbeir tribe, tore their hair,
slashed themselves with knives and
otherwise misused eaoh other, on hear­
ing of tbe 'ynobing but, although some
of the warriors are terribly provoked
over tbe hanging of Coudot, tbey were
pleased at tbe fate of Holy Track and
Ireland. It would be as unsafe for Black
Hawk to venture on tbe reservation, as
it would be for him to come down
through Emmons county without a body
guard. Most of the Indians would be
highly delighted to riddle him with
bullets."
Shortly after the Spicer murder the
Emmons oounty commissioners asked
the commissioner of Indian affairs to
order all Indians kept out of the oounty
because of their depredations. Recently
tbe acting commissioner replied saying
it was impossible and futile to comply
with the request. There is no legal
authority in time of peaoe to confine the
Indians against their will.
There are a good many more able
bodied men in the counties of the Mis­
souri slope than there are on the reser­
vation, says the Williamsport Record,
and serious trouble is certain to occur if
tbe Indians are allowed to cross at will
into tbe oounties of North and South
Dakota opposite tbe reservation. Tbe
authorities on the other
Bide
there is no danger it whisky is kept
away, and every settler ought to insist
that any one selling or giving liquor to
the Indians shall be properly punished.
Indian traders who live on tbe Em­
mons county side of tbe river and have
dealt for many years with the reserva­
tion Indians, have material cause to re­
gret the lynching. Sinoe tne ooou ranee,
no Indians from tbe reservation haveap
penred on the east side of tbe river, op­
posite the reservation, and as a result
many dollars' worth of trade ie lost to
the traders.
&
1 1
on
In BismarcK Monday application was
made to Judge Winchester for the dis­
missal of George Defender and Frank
.Black Hawk, the two survivors of the
five men charged with tbe murder of the
Spicer family. The reasons offered by
Emmon's county's state's attorney for
moving the dismissal of the cases,
briefly, were tbat after due consideration
of all the faots in the case, considering
the decision of tbe supreme court in the
Coudot case, involving tbe same alleged
facts, and the absence of material wit­
nesses, wbo bad passed from tbe jurisdic­
tion of tbe court, the state being satisfied
that tbey wonld never return, or beoome
at any time amenable to tbe jurisdiction
of tbe court, having been unjudicially
executed, be was satisfied tbat no con­
viction oould be bad upon the charge of
murder.
The Indians were brought into ooart
during tbe proceedings but did not ebow
any evidence of emotion. Alaok Hawk
does not show any particular ill effects
of bis confinement, but Defender looks
bad. His oheeks are sunken, bis eyes
hollowed, his hair long, reaching almoet
to his shoulders,and his face and appear­
ance betray all the evidences of con­
sumption.
The last legal chapter of the Spicer
4
A
I
.M
IF
claim that
jX#*
ii

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