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The Jamestown Alert
THURSDAY, JUNE 8, 1899.
S S I
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W. R. KELLOGG.
NO MAY WHEAT
THB prioe of May wheat in 1899 was
eo far leas than what many were led to
believe it would be a year ago, that
maoh disappointment may exist with
those who had held wheat over from
1898, expecting arise this spring. The
farmers who thought that wheat would
be a high prioe because there waa a
ehortsge in the winter 1897-8 and last
apring, have failed to realize how quick
ly the country reoovers from a tempor
ary famine in bread stuffs. Transpor
tation by rail and water now plaoes the
markets of the whole world within a few
iays reach of the wheat producer. Last
year speculation also stepped in as an
unusual factor and stimulated the mar
ket to an extent that may not ooour, un
Jer present conditions of marketing
wheat, for many yeara. The farmers
must make up their naiads that wheat
prices will never go to the high figures
of past years under existing laws of
wholly artificial character. Legislation
has not only its influence on food prices
the same as on land and real values, bat
it aids in the control and exposure of the
visible supply. It also assists those en
caged in the handling of the wheat after
it is raised, operating as well to favor the
manufacturer of the staple in getting
cheap raw material. The control of the
surplus by the producers themselvee
seems to be the best means to counteract,
the devices that tend to lower pncee and
whioh have grown into powerful sys
tem and with an increasing indepen
dence and ability to store their own
grain, the farmers of the northwest, in
limited spring wheat ares, ought to
make more headway against the buyers
combination, or trust, eaoh season.
THE GREATEST PROBLEM YET.
Farm Stook and Home: "If ten years
ago public sentiment oould have been
as fully aroused on the question of
trusts as it is today the problem of deal
ing with them would have been much
simpler. Now they have reached a point
where to many minds they seem to exist
by divine right, Bnd any attempt to
hamper their operation is declared an
interference with vested rights, and the
advocates of such action are stigmatized
as anarchists and marplots.
The trusts are today greater than our
legislative bodies and stronger than onr
courts. They sre to our government)
what the praetorian guard of republican
Rome became—a maker of rulers—eves
though the masses continued to be de
luded by references to the republic.
In the maroh of human affairs there
•re oertain principles that appear from
time to time in various guises and at
widely separated intervals. The most
marked is the rise of a ruling class that
while nominally subservient to the laws
of the land are still all powerful. Snob
was the priest-hood of ancient Egypt,
the patricians of Rome, the barons of
the feudal system, and the trusts of to
None of the old systems were changed
without giving the fabrio of society
mighty wrenoh, for their roots were botb
deep and strong. Whether our present
rulers oan be quietly persuaded to let go
is a question that the future must de
EXTOLLING THE MILITARY.
Gov. ROOSEVELT of New York has
been glorifying war and the trophies of
war, and saying that nations will pass us
by it we do not have a big army and a
great navy. The ways of peaoe are
becoming out of fashion with men who
want to glide into office holding and
newspaper fame on the wave of military
enthusiasm. The republio's victories as
a commercial nation which have not
been born of carnage and oonquest seem
tarnished and dull to the booted, spurred
and sboulder-strapped olass whose ooou
pation is a relic of the medieval ages.
TheGuropeans who have bled the military
service and high taxes of the old world
understand what it all means better
than the citizens of the United States
who are new to the business. The
people of the old world would like to
shake off the war burdens, but as they
can't they emigrate.
TERM OF SERVICE TOO LONG.
THB same scarcity of recruits for
regular army service is found all over
the country as well as in the northwest,
where only about 150 men Have been
secured after nearly three months' effort
One of the recruiting officers at Fargo is
reported to have said thet few men care
to enlist for three years, but that a one
year offer on the part of the government
might get more volunteers. The same
offieial is also quoted as sayrng that
more men are being lost by disease,
wounds and deaths than are just now
being recruited for the Philippines.
On account of this failure to get
regulars, it is feared that Gen. Otis will
not be able to dispense with the services
of the volunteers as early as haa been
hoped, as they oan't be spared.
THE soramble for speaker Reed's man
tle is going on among the oandidates,
Minnesota and North Dakota republi
can members are said to favor Hender
son of Iowa. The great patronage of
the place makes it very desirable for a
member to be on praying ground and
interoeeding terms with the speaker, In
the meantime it is believed that the foxy
Reed does not in reality intend to quit
being Czar but will reappear again,
having been eleoted to coDgress, and set
tle the quarrels of his fellow aspirants
for the place and patronage, by permitt
ing them to re-elect him, and thereby
save making a fight for the position..
CAPT. ANDKUS, the U. S. reoruiting
officer who has been trying to enlist vol
unteers in North Dakota for the Philip
pine service and for other service in the
regular army, made a trip in the north
ern part of the state and failed to get a
single reoruit. Those already secured
are mostly boys, it is said, who are tired
of farm life and want the novelty of
army service for a time. The prospect
of £a private's career in the Philippine
islands is not attracting manv well post
ed men who are eligible to the army,
and the nation has not yet reached the
stage of a oovpulsory military service as
in the old world.
RECENT copies of the Manila Freedom
contain much personal and general in
formation about the progress of the
campaign. The items freshly printed at
the scene of warfare and battle, show
that the American boys are behaving
like real soldiers that the volunteers
are as good lighting men as regulars.
The sad and pleasant sides of the sol
dier's life are equally depioted. In
future years a file of the Freedom will
be highly valued by the Philippine
A PURCHASER of North Dakota school
land, who paid part of the purchase
prioe and defaulted on balance, claims
that he oan not be ejeoted from posses
sion without mortgage foreclosure pro
ceedings. The case will be heard by the
supreme court. The school land can
cellation provision is regarded as
unconstitutional by many attorneys and
this case is expected to settle the legal
modus operandi of such instances.
THE Fargo Argus says that the Presi
dent's order taking some 5,000 offices
from the civil list and putting them at
r,he disposal of the patronage hunters is
a bad blaok eye for civil service reform.
Besides, this is in strict violation of the
platform pledge made to the people.
But the Argus fails to consider what
everybody knows, that the platform is
constructed for one thing—the people
get that—and the patronage of the sal
aried offioe for another thing—whioh the
people do not get.
THE Minnesota oocgressmen and
Twin Oity rustlers are counting on
President McKinley's presence and the
disbanding of the Philippine volunteers
as a great event and speoial attraction
to draw a crowd. The government plan
seems to be to let the volunteers settle
the question of travel pay and the plaoe
of disbanding among themselves.
IT IS said that over 4,000 travelling
inlesmen in New York Oity are out of
jobs. The reduction of expenses by
trusts, and the selling direot to con
sumers is making the commercial
traveller an unnecessary party in the
transactions of buying and selling. The
traveler alone is not the only one left.
The middle man, the small dealer,
MARK HANNA has a firm grip on the
Ohio delegates notwithstanding the re
ports to the contrary. The nominee,
Judge Nash, is a Hanna man. Mayor
Jones the municipal reform mayor of
Toledo whose election was suoh a sensa
tional surprise, had no chance in the
convention against the old machine
TRAVEL pay for North Dakota volun
teers mustered out at San Francisoo
will be from 386 to 8136 per man. The
department will allow eaoh regiment to
decide for itself where it is to be
mustered out of service. This is prob
ably the way the "boys" wan* it done.
THE steel plate trust which is furnish
ing steel plate for foreign vessels refused
to bid on the contract to furnish steel
plate for U. S. warships at the prioe fixed
by oongress at $300 a ton. The trnst
wants its price, viz, $500 a ton.
THE Chicago & Northwestern railway
is prosperous, paying 7 per cent on pre
ferred and 5 per cent on common stock.
Its earnings were 81,300,000 more than
last year. The Vanderbilt interest in
the directory was re-elected.
1GHTNING WELL MACHY
E S A N A A
JAM PUMPS, AIR LIFTS. A\
ASOLINE ENGINES -f"'
E re a 7
W AMLR1CAN WELLWGRJtt..,
UR0R A.ILL GHI C'FTGO
FOR PORE MILK
Recent Demonstration of the
Prevalence of Tuberculosis
Decides Governor Tanner of Illi
nois to Begin an Active
To the End That the Disease May
Be Stamped Oat in Ilis
Will Recommend a Large Legis
lative Appropriation For
CHICAGO, June 7.—After the post
mortem examination of the tuberculous
cows killed at the stock yards, Governor
"I am convinced that tuberculosis has
made a more general invasion of live
stock than is generally believed, and I
am also confident that such a condition,
if not remedied by proper laws and a
liberal appropriation by the state, will
have results more serious than the
mere loss of cattle.
"I shall recommend at the next meet
ing of the legislature that the state
board of livestock commissioners be
given an appropriation of at least
$50,000 with which to carry on the work
of exterminating tuberculous cattle.
I also shall exert my influence in ob
taining for the commissioners' more au
"My observations lead me to believe
that it is unsafe to drink milk which is
not known positively to be non-tuber
culous. The cattle which I have seen
slaughted and dissected, and which
were saturated with tuberculosis, ten
days ago were furnishing milk to my
family. I never questioned its purity.
And there is the secret of the official
negligence which has permitted this
disease to make such progress. I am
glad my eyes have been opened. The
recent awakening of public interest on
the subject will have practical results.
"What is necessary is this: The live
stock commissioners must be given po
lice power to enter any and all dairies
for the purpose of testing the cattle
with the tuberculin test. They must
confiscate to the state all cattle that
show symptoms of tuberculous infec
tion. They must also be allowed
enough money to remunerate the former
owners af such confiscated cattle. The
cattle must then be slaughtered and
In view of the encouragement given
the commissioners by Governor Tanner
the livestock board held a meeting at
the Great Northern hotel and adopted
plans for the summer's work. New
rules were adopted in accordance with
the advise given by the governor that
the commissioners utilize as rigorously
as possible all the authority given them
under the present law. The livestock
commissisners have started on a tour of
inspection of dairies in McHenry county.
MEDICAL HEN MEET.
National Association In Seaalon at Colnm
COLUMBUS, O., June 7.—The 15th an
nual meeting of the American Medical
association is in session here. Doctors
from all parts of the United States are
present and it is expected that the total
attendance will reach a,500. The first
general session was called to order by
the president, Joseph M. Matthews of
Louisville, in the Grand Opera House
at 10 o'clock. After an invocation by
Rev. Washington Gladden, addresses of
welcome were delivered by Hon. Asa
S. Bushnell, governor of Ohio, and Hon.
Samuel J. Swartz, mayor of the citv of
In his annual address President
Matthews recommended the selection
of permanent headquarters, and ex
pressed a preference for Washington.
He called attention to the ravages of
consumption, and urged that steps be
taken to place the matter before con
gress and secure needed legislation. Co
operation with the international move
ment for the prevention of the disease
Detroit Street Kali way Commission Sub
mit. Two Plan* to the Council.
DETROIT, June 7.—TheJDetroit street
railway commission has submitted
practical means for carrying out the
municipal ownership of Detroit street
railways. Two ordinances will be pre
sented to the common council, one to
secure the bonds proposed to be issued
by the municipal street railway com
pany (corporation proposed to be organ
ized within the commission itself) to
the Metropolitan street railway, a con
solidation of the various street railway
companies. The other ordinance grants
an operating franchise to the Municipal
Railway company, authorizing it to
operate all the lines in the city on
straight 3-cent fare or five for 15 cents.
A security franchise to be given to
the Metropolitan company to secure
the purchase price is in process of prep
aration. It provides o-cent fares or six
for a quarter in the event of a failure to
pay for the roads and reversion of the
property to its present owners.
It is believed that the ordinances will
Endorsed Bryan for President.
WASHINGTON, June 7.—The Demo
crats of the District of Columbia held
an enthusiastic meeting at which many
speeches eulogizing Bryan and endors
ing him for the next president were
WILL INCREASE PRICES.
Big Meeting of A|(lralt«nl ManaflM*
tnren So Decide.
CHICAGO, June Farmers and retail
dealers in agricultural implements will
have to pay more for their plows, har
rows, seeders and implements of a kin
dred nature in the future. At a meet
ing of manufacturers of these imple
ments of farm industry held during the
day it was decided to make a general
raise in the price of all agricultural im
plements. About 80 concerns were rep
resented. A general advance in prices
was advocated, and committees were
appointed to prepare a schedule for the
various kinds of implements. These
committees will make out their price
list during the summer months and will
report to a meeting to be called next
It is thought a general increase of
from 15 to 25 per cent will be agreed
upon by the committees. Material
from which farming implements are
manufactured has increased in value to
a corresponding amount.
Judge Loehren Holds Partners In Bank
rupt Firms Also Bankrupt.
WINONA, Minn., June 7.—Judge
Loehren of the United States court
made an important ruling in the bank
ruptcy proceedings against Gregory &
Co. He decides that as all partners are
holden for partnership debt it follows
necessarily that if the partnership is
bankrupt, all of the partners are bank
rupt and their individual estates are
administered in the same proceedings.
In accordance with this ruling G. W.
and E. S. Gregory filed individual bank
ruptcy schedules. G. W. Gregory's
schedule shows liabilities amounting to
$29,204.34 and assets $42,627.20. E. S.
Gregory's schedule shows liabilities at
$4,175.84 and assets at $25,117.75.
Conference Between President Krnger
and Sir Arthur Milnor Ends.
BLOEMFONTEIN, Orange Free State,
June 7.—The conference between Pres
ident Kruger and the British high com
missioner, Sir Arthur Milnor, who is
also governor of Cape Colony, has con
cluded. The president and the high
commissioner took leave of each other
in a cordial manner. They have agreed
not to publish the result of their delib
erations until Wednesday next.
A distinctly hopeful feeling that an
agreement has been concluded prevails
Wisconsin Odd Fallows.
OSHKOSH, Wis., June 7.—The grand
lodge of Odd Fellows for Wisconsin
convened in annual session here with
600 members present. The state en
campment, Daughters of Rebekah, is
also is session with an attendance of 300.
A Great Actor on a Great Railroad.
The tour of Biohard Mansfield and
his company over the Chicago Milwau
kee & St. Paul
upon the greatness of that company.
Mr. Mansfield has been able to play the
largest cities upon Lake Michigan, the
Mississippi and Missouri rivers and con
fine hiB movements exclusively to the
tracks of the Milwaukee road. The
company of 118 people
moved in a
magnificent train of sleeping and dining
cars and has been enjoying railroad ser
vice the beet obtainable in Amerioa. Mr.
Mansfield's present tour over the Mil
waukee system is the most complete ever
made by a theatrical company upon any
one line of railroad in the west.
Foreign And Domestic Travel.
Daring the twelve months of 1898
government statistics show that 225,411
passengers departed from Amerioa for
foreign oountriee, while only 35,000 for
eign tourists reached our shores during
the same time. The Amerioan people
travel over their own country and the
balanoe of the earth generally in greater
numbers than the people of any other
nation. During the past twelve months
between St. Paul, Minneapolis, Mil
waukee and Chicago 52,000 passengers
traveled on the Milwaukee's celebrated
Pioneer Limited trains whioh indicates
the great popularity of that splendid
service. The facilities furnished the
traveling public by tbis great company
is constantly increasing travel through
out the west.
^Following is a list of unclaimed letters
remaining in the postoffice at James
town, N. D., for the week ending June
Mies Sylvia Price.
Brown, Elmer Chapel, Wm.
Dewao, J. J. Morris, Joe
Ontonio, C. Sohaeffer Christoph
These letters will be held. 21 days
after which they will be sent to dead
letter offioe. In oalling^for these letters
always say advertised and give date of
CHAS. L. MITCHELL, P. M.
TO BE AKEN IN
Desire of the Inhabitants of the
Island of St. Kitts to Be
To the United States Finds Ex
pression in a Recent
Jamaicans Have the Same Yearn
ing, But Have Not So Ex
Close Relations With Cuba and
Porto Rico a Great Menace
to Their Trade.
KINGSTON, Jamaica, June 7.—The
abstract question of the political possi
bility and the industrial and commer
cial desirability of the annexation of
the British West Indies to the United
States is nothing new. As a matter of
casual discussion at least, it has been on
the cards since 1867, when General
Grant developed the scheme for acquir
ing the Danish islands.
It, however, remained for the Ameri
can conquest of Cuba and Porto Rico to
awaken the English colonists to a full
realization of the outlook. The Ameri
canization of those two islands presents
a most serious menace to the industrial
and commercial prosperity of their Brit
ish neighbors, and it is only natural
that the English colonists should be
attracted by Andrew Carnegie's sugges
tion to exchange the British West In
dies for the Philippines.
As far back as August of last year,
the question of securing annexation to
the United States was mooted in Ja
maica. Nothing came of it, however.
A plebescite was suggested in planting
circles and the commercial community
was not wanting in sympathy with the
proposal. But, on the other hand, the
extreme antagonism of the colored pop
ulation was so marked that the most
enthusiastic annexationists realized the
then impracticability of the plebescite.
Consequently the matter was speedily
The continued industrial decadence
of the islands under the unfair treat
ment of the mother country and the
ever-growing menace of Cuba and Porto
Rico has again brought the question
into prominence. In this case it is the'
island of St. Kitts that has taken the
initiative and made some definite move.
While Jamaica, on the principle of half
a loaf being better than no bread, in
sists on securing commercial reciprocity
with the United States, St. Kitts has
come forward with a plebescite asking
for actual annexation.
As might have been expected, the
West Indian newspapers as a whole,
being mostly in the hands of colored
men, to whom the very word Amer
ican is obnoxious, have denounced the
plebescite and endeavored to obscure its
significance. Under the circumstances
St. Kitts has issued a manifesto to the
sister colonies, setting forth their posi
tion and furnishing seven reasons why
West Indies should seek admission into
the United States. This manifesto,
signed by the most prominent men in
the island has attracted widespread at
tention, and promises to bring the
whole question to an acute stage.
Inflammatory Utterances of Former'
HAVANA, June 7.—Colonel Figuerro
of the Cuban cavalry in Havana prov
ince, in a communication to La Lucha,
passionately appeals to the soldiers who
were mustered out last week to refuse
to give up their arms and accept the
American gratuity. He denounces
those who act contrary to such advice
as "cowards" and "voluntary outcasts."
"The offer made by the United States
insults the honor of the army of libera
tion, which did not desert its posts even
in the terrible battlefield, and disgraces
the only biscuit of which
this can be truly said.
It's the package, a new
air tight, dust proof,
moisture proof package,
that keeps these won
derful new biscuit up
to the highest grade
through all weathers.
Are made from the best wheat floor, so
they're body building food. They're
skillfully baked so as to be palatable.
They're never heavy or soggy, so they
are never indigestible. In 5 and
packages. Take no imitations.
graves 01 soldiers wno aiea covered
with glory. I do not doubt the sincerity
of the American promises, but if this
money is presented as a gift why do not
the Americans purchase plows and
oxen with it, instead of insisting upon
the delivery of our arms."
FAREWELL OF GOMEZ.
Cuban Commander Issue* a Manifesto *0
HAVANA, June 7.—General Maximo
Gomez, the tormer commander-in-chief
of the Cuban army, has issued his fare
well manifesto preparatory to leaving
Cuba for his home. He counsels pa
tience and obedience during the neces
sary time of American occupation and
until the island shall have established a
Mataafann and Maiietoans Give Up Their
Guns—All Quiet in Samoa.
APIA, Samoa, May 27, via Auckland,
N. Z., June 7.—Malietoa and Tamasese
have visited the members of the Samoan
commission on board the United States
transport Badger and Mataafa visited
them tlve following day. Neither of
them was recognized as king. Mataafa
expressed willingness to abide by the
commissioners' decision, and blamed
the Europeans for the trouble here.
The commissioners informed him that
they had power to establish a govern
ment with or without a king. Mataafa
thought the Samoans should have a
king, but expressed willingness to dis
arm his followers and leave the matter
in the hands of the commission.
The Germans acted, for the first time
in many months, with the representa
tives of the other powers and have of
ficially sent a guard ashore.
Mataafa has surrendered 1,800 guns
on board the Badger. The Malistoans
•re now disarmed.
The United States cruiser Philadel
phia, flying the flag of Admiral Kautz,
sailed May 21.
The natives are gaining confidence
and are freely submitting their griev
ances to the commission.
The commissioners are reticent, but
it is understood they are considering a
^eduction of the cost of the administra
tion as established by the Berlin treaty,
and that the number of officials may be
EXPECTS NOTHING RADICAL.
Mr. Allison Dtienwei Possible Financial
WASHINGTON, June 7.—Senator Alli
son of the senate finance committee in
an interview said:
"In my judgment the next congress
will pass a financial measure. My judg
ment also is that the finance committee
will take up the financial question
anew. The bill agreed upon by the Re
publicans of the house will no doubt be
laid before us in the nature of sugges
tion and we will consider it as we will
other plans which represent commend
"Have you any idea along what lines
the currency legislation will be framed?"
"I don't anticipate any very great rad
ical measures. We want to maintain
our standard and at the same time give
the country a safe yet a flexible cur
rency. It is said we ought to
Declare for the Gold Standard.
but we are on the gold standard now.
The recommendations of the president
relative to the issue of national bank
currency to the par value of the bonds
deposited with the United States treas
urer, a decrease in the tax on national
bank circulation and the payment of
gold for greenbacks when the latter are
taken out of the treasury, are all
worthy of enactment into law and I
should not be surprised to see them
adopted. There may be some new sug
gestions, as, for instance, some legisla
tion regarding our silver certificates
which will remove them from the least
degree of uncertainty. There are now
about $880,000,000 of silver notes in cir
culation, and, while they are as good as
gold and while there is not the slightest
doubt of the ability of the country to
sustain them whether we legislate or
not, there have been some suggestions
that we ought to make their status cer
New Yorkers Support Henderson.
NEW YORK, June 7.—The New York
congressional delegation has decided to
•upport Henderson for speaker.