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Grand Forks herald. [volume] (Grand Forks, N.D.) 1916-1955, July 07, 1917, Image 4

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Entered at Grand Forks, North Dakota poatoflice aa MO*
ond-olase matter
Published every morning except Monday morning and
•very evening except Sunday evening.
All mall subscriptions are payable etrlotl} In advance
will be discontinued on date of expiration.
Subscribers desiring address chanced mu*
bs well as new one.
un BTOicaxrnov
or Evening—
One Tear
Six Months
Three Months
Evening and Sunday
One Tear
or Rventng—
Carrier, per month....
The senate finance committee has reported to the
senate Its final draft of the war revenue bill. The pro
visions of the house bill have in many cases been ignor
ed, and the bill which is now before the senate awaiting
action is practically a new bill. According to the pro
visions of the bill, of the $1,670,000,000 which is to be
raised the sum of $1,277,000,000 is to be raised from
taxes on incomes, excess profits, liquor and tobacco. The
two chief items are incomes and excess profits, the taxes
on each of which arc expected to realize a little over
half a billion dollars. Income tax exemptions are re
duced to $1,000 for single men and $2,000 for married
men, liquor taxes of all kinds are expected to yield a
little over $50,000,000, and tobacco taxes about a like
sum. The remaining 25 per cent of the total amount is
to be raised by means of general taxation, and levies of
almost every sort are provided for.
There has been a great deal of talk about the "con
scription" of wealth as the proper means of raising the
necessary war revenues. The discussion on this subject
has proceeded on two false assumptions, first that under
the conscription of meft for the army only the sons *f
the poor were to be drafted second, that the wealthy
were to be required to bear no greater share of the cost
of the war than the poor. The first assumption is utter
ly, deliberately and maliciously false. In the drafting of
men for the army, men of wealth and their sons will
stand on exactly the same footing with men without
property, a fact very well known to the men who are de
liberately lying about the situation. In the matter of
taxation it haa always been the purpose of the govern
ment, and that purpose is now being carried into effect,
to require wealthy men to pay, not merely a greater ag
gregate sum Into the treasury than is paid by relatively
poor men, not merely as great a proportionate sum in its
relation to their property holdings, but a very much larg
er proportionate sum. Among the men who are shaping
the legislation there has never at any time been a ques
tion as to the principle involved. The only discussion
has been as to the best way to apply that principle. As
the bill now stands the farmer, the laborer, the man of
modest circumstances generally pays nothing under the
head of taxes on excess profits. That Is a tax levied ex
clusively on those who, because of the character of their
business are making more than ordinary profits because
of the war. They must turn over a considerable share
of those profits to the government. The man of small
means pays no income tax. The man of moderate
wealth pays something. The rich man pays a great deal.
The whole bill is framed so as to bear more heavily on
the rich man than on the poor man. The thing that the
government does not undertake to do, and what most
emphatically it Bhould not do, is to set apart a particular
class of people and exempt them from taxation, and set
apart another class and take all their property away
from them.
The federal authorities are perfecting their arrange
ments for the draft, and drawings are expected to take
place very soon, although the exact date has not yet been
announced. The drawing will be done in Washington,
and the persons in charge will draw by lot numbers in
stead of names, and they will have no means of knowing
to whom these numbers apply. In order to provide for
exemptions it is expected that to net the required 600,000
eligibles there will be drawn about two million numbers.
The government has authorized the publication of
the trip of the American expedition across the Atlantic.
The expedition wm handled with great skill. In spite of
the fact that the squadrons were dogged and attacked
by German submarines there was no loss of a single man
or animal, a ship, nor any other piece of property. The
Americans have set a record for moving such a large
taody of men with their equipment in short time and
^without loss. The loss of one of the attacking subma
-rinea ia reported
Stnoe their arrival the American soldiers have been
admired and feted by the French people, and everywhere
the appreciation of the promptness of the United States
S. ^in getting a considerable body of men near the front has
expressed. July
••d former
Mornin*, Evening' and Sunday—
By Carrier, per month..
orelgn »pr—eatntlves I gtevens JOaj. Ino., 086
•Mi Sow York! peoples das aidg., CUcagt).
was a gala doy in the French
P°rt where £ur men landed. It Is expected that within
',two or so our troops will be in camp where they
the roar of the big guns.
With the exception of the Russian offensive, which
^continues, the week has passed without any major op
IP^eration on any front. There are persistent rumors that
the British are preparing for another grand onslaught,
presumably in the Arras district. Lens Is as good as
taken, and with that city goes the control of one of the
greatest mineral districts on the continent While there
has been fierce fighting along the line held by the French,
It has been local In character. The Germans have done
:a* they have done before, making tremendous efforts to
stay the enemy's advance, but beyond the capture of a
few yards of trench here and there, which often bad to
fee relinquished, they have made no gains.
The Evidences of Russian rehabilitation continue to
he the surprise of the day. The splendid achievement of
the Russian army, which a few weeks ago appeared to
te in the last stage* of dissolution, la certain to have an
Important effect on Russian sentiment toward the new
arovernmeint, and to inspire with fresh courage and de
termination the men in all the Russian armies.
Greece is preparing to enter the war on t#4tde' of
Allies That. Is the universal interpretation placed
On the political and military changes which have recent
ly t*Uten place in that country.) In the meantime, Gen
eral Sarrall's advance through Macedonia Mas "been
lxalted, preaumabiy wot# the Grecian situation works
submarines, which «v0n*
a-ftiUlng off In the, sfnklng of ships
at' thaia
|*rMch it is not always easy to assign a reason. It Is bs
llrond question, however, that the tmtitng of merchant
haa h*d great deal to do with the change. The
Show. a Oowrtantly incrcMurtngr number of--ships''
jJtetad an havfa* Um attacked and having escaped. That
fluctuations for
wwlt of the steps taken to provide safety.
tbroes o£ .«rhat tn&'-bwriup'' finte' a
"•not# "fan lotial riots. 3«neni fr—
ft -7
the head of some 8,000 troops declared for the return of
the Manohu dynasty- to the imperial throne, and for a
day or two It seemed that the republic was at an end,
and that the hated Manchua were again to reign/ Later
It appears that the republican forces are successfully
withstanding the rebels, but the situation In Peking Is
considered grave, as an outbreak of looting is feared^ -,
In East St.- Louis there has occurred one of those
outbursts of race hatred which now and then have given
to the United States the reputation of being a lawless na
tion. The trouble seems to have started over the im
portation of colored laborers from the South, and several
hundred persons who were born white raided the negro
quarters, set fire to buildings, and shot and otherwise
maltreated the blacks who were trying to escape. Some
80 persons were killed, and immense property loss was
Federal authorities have been kept busy ferreting
out the facts as to plots of various kinds. One concern
ing which there appears to be conolusive evidence is
that German agents have been responsible for the series
of "accidents which have caused the loss of considerable
shipping on the Great Lakes.
North Dakota's new regiment of the National Guard
is to have former Governor Frank White as its colonel,
and former Adjutant General Tharalson as Its lieuten
ant colonel. Excellent time was made in the recruiting,
and the companies will be ready for their equipment as
soon as it can be issued.
Canada is to have conscription as soon as the law
recently passed can be put into effect. The vote by
which the bill was passed was about three to one in its
favor, the ordinary administration majority being in
creased by the votes of many Liberal members who re
fused to follow Sir Wilfred Laurler In his opposition to
the bill and In favor of first submitting it to a popular
vote. Most of the opposition comes from Quebec, where
the French sentiment is strongly •'opposed to Canadian
participation in the war.
The Chicago board of trade has followed its recent
prohibition in dealing in wheat futures by a similar rule
with reference to speculation in corn futures. The price
for settlement of contracts has been fixed at $1.65. It
is expected that this step will materially reduce the
price of corn, which has been held at a level relatively
as high as that of wheat, and recently much higher than
that ratio.
The question of the right of North Dakota absent
voters to take advantage of the absent voters' taw in
special elections, has been brought to the front by the
issuance of a pronouncement from, the1 office of the at
torney general to the effect that the law did. net apply
to special elections. County auditors in rpra.nd Forks
Cass and several other counties are continuing: the is
suance of the ballots to absent voters, and announce that
they will do so until ordered otherwise by a proper court.
In addition to other achievements, Mr. Townley
proposes to arrange for the importation into the state,
under agreement with the I. W. W. organization, thou
sands of farm laborers, members of that organization.,
and he attempts to justify this by saying that the same
men have been here before on their own responsibility,
whereas it. is now proposed that they shall come under
agreement as to prices and conditions of labor, which wtH
relieve the farmers of all uncertainty as to their supply
of labor.
He admits that men of criminal tendencies will be
among these importations, but asserts, as an offset, tnat
there are criminals in other groups of men, as, for in
stance, lawyers and newspaper men.
We do not, as a rule, make contracts with men who
notoriously have no regard for contracts. One of the es
sential principles of the I. W. W. is that there shall be no
regard for contracts. It Is true that there are scoundrels
in every Occupation. But. when an organization is based
on the vety principles of scoundreligm, It Is condemned
without further hearing, even' though there may be some
honest men in'Its ranks.
When the farmers of North Dakota make contracts
with the I. W. W.—if they do—they are making con
tracts by which they themselves may be bound, but which
have no binding' force on the other party. They are con
tractlng with an organization in whose published docu
ments are set forth, and by whose public speakers are
uttered the doctrines that the laborer may disregard any
contract that he has with his employer that sabotage,
meaning the willful destruction of property or the hin
drance of work, is a legitimate weapon of the laborer
and that no matter how high wages are paid to the man.
ual laborer, he 1b entitled to get more if he can, and
any means that he can use. It is with this' criminal
sociation that Townley proposes that the farmers
North Dakota shall enter into contracts.
Olger B. Burtness was born on a North Dakota farm.
No credit Is due him for that. One muBt be born some
where, and he does not select his own birthplace. But it
happens that Mr. Burtness was born on a farm, and all
his boyhood was Bpent there. As other boys do, he en
gaged In the work of the farm, and he knows what that
work is from practical experience. He comes of a family
of successful farmers who, without, receiving special fa
vors from anyone, have built themselves good homes and
prospered. Mr. Burtness spent his entire boyhood, youth
and early m&nhood in an atmosphere of successful farm
ing on the prairies of North Dakota. Entering profes
sional life, as he did, he still retained his Interest In farm,
lng, and out of his earnings he has made Investments in
Red River Valley lands to the cultivation of which he de.
votes both time and attention.
All this might be said of thousands of other young
men in North Dakota, and yet it would constitute no ar
gument in itself of the availability of the individual for
a public office. But, with this equipment, this basis of
fitness in one particular direction, Mr. Burtness has
demonstrated abundantly his fitness in other ways. He
is a student and a man of affairs. He has familiarised
himself with public matters. As Issues have been pre
sented he has Invariably shown ability to make intelligent
decisions, and he has acted vigorously in favor of wise
legislation and clean and capable government. With his
fitness in these directions his familiarity with the busi
ness of farming becomes a valuable asset, because it en
ables him the better to understand the needs of the peo
ple who constitute by far the larger share of our popula
tion. And the continuance of his active personal interest
in this work Is evidence of the fact that the personal rea
sons that cause other men to seek the welfare of the
farmer are reasons which apply equally in his case. Mr.
Burtness has the same reasons that any active farmer in
the state has for desiring the success of the agricultural
Industry, satisfactory prices for farm products, just prices
for the commodities which-the farmer must buy, the
proper regulation of railroad rates and service, and ev
erything which can tend to make North Dakota a good
state for the farmer to live in.
The members of the Nonpartisan league have been
told that because they are farmers they must band to
gether as farmers to capture the government. They have
been told that only farmers are to be trusted with politi
cal power. They have been urged to select only farmers
for all public offices. It was not necessary that Mr.
Burtness should have been chosen as the leegue candi
date. In fact, under their rigid specifications which have
been given to the league members time and again Mr.
Burtness could not qnallfy, for, notwithstanding bis early
farm life and his thorough familiarity with and continu
ed personal interest in the business of farming, he is
lawyer, not a farmer. But, to make very moderate
and modest statement there are In the First ooimadoff
al district anywhere
had recently Imported from another
part of the country, a matt who fcM
no interests here, and who, like
Townley himself, o&ttlA pack hi# grtp
and be equally at home In a few hour*
In any other part of the country. This
man has never, under any circum
stances, given the slightest evidence
of ability along any line which would
enable him to serve the people well
in congress or In any other public po
sition. He is not a farmer, never ytiut
a farmer, ahd It Is doubtful If he
knows a cream separator from a
manure spreader. Leave out of ac
count the candidate's willingness to
belong to any political party or train
With any crowd to secure a job. Leave
out of account his connection with
Jim Jam Jems. Leave out of account
the support that is being given him
by an abominable Twin City sheet
which gorges itself on the putrid car
rion of scandals and Indecencies.
Leave all these thingB out of account
and Imagine what sort of a hypocrite
he must be who, after all his protesta
tions, repudiates his "farmer" doc
trine and seeks to impose on the
members of his society a man of this
type. And imagine what sort of man
the candidate must be who submis
sively permits himself to be Inflicted
on the community in this manner.
Safeguards Morals
of Men in Training
As chairman of
the commission
camps, Fosdick
will safeguard the
morals of the
men In army
camps by provid
1 wholesome
amusement and
liquor and im
moral interests.
He was commis
sioner of ac
counts in New
York city and is
an authority on
police conditions. aBTOSDICiC-
sing TH passsaramft.
A Quaker missionary, recently re
turned' from China, tells this story
against himself As he sat quietly
reading in a bus there entered an in
spector obviously short tempered,
gruffly demanding "Tickets!" He
came to titer Quaker and snapped out
his message. "Oh, you want ticket
ets?" "Tea didn't
a score to some hundreds of
actual farmers, long residents of the district, men living
on their own farms and making their living there who are
capable of giving the district good service In congress
and sufffciently well known to warrant placing them be
fore the people as candidates for such an office.
Did Boss Townley seltfct any one of theee? He did
aofc XM he select'a farmer of anr ktirfe ffoi» aitywherwf
say so
ing his hand into his pocket the oblig
ing passenger produced a handful of
accumulated cardboards. '"Whafs the
good of thia lot You don't suppose
I've time to sort 'em out, do you
demanded the inspector. Smiling
sweetly,, tile' apostle af good will re
plied: "Oh, no, but have heard gay
that if you can collect 10,000 tram
tickets you can ciaim free admission
to a lunatic asylum:"
Properly, of course, this little tale
should end there, with a repentant in
spector and the laugh against him. As
fact the official thrust the bundle
back into the Quaker's hand with the
remark: "No, no, sir I won't rob
you of your chance!"
Don't be dissatisfied with your lot
Hang on to it and wait for a real es
tate boom.
7, 1917.
{Catherine Stinson, Aviatrix Who
,v, Made Record Flight For Red Cross
„fylay do Work For Local Chapter
Katherlne Stlnson. the intrlpld avia
trix who did more than any other
agent to awaken the Japanese to the
Importance of woman's position In the
world, and who has Just made a rec
ord-breaking flight in the interests of
the Red Croes campaign, will be the
feature attraction at the North Da
kota State Fair, which will be held in
Grand Forks, July 17, 18, 19, 20 and
31. Miss Stlnson's engagement is one
of the proofs of the fact that the state
fair this year will be "bigger and bet
ter tha,n ever."
Miss Stlnson became famous a cou
ple of years ago, when she startled
the aviation world by performing all
of Lincoln Beachy's most thrilling
tricks. Miss Stlnson went Beachy one
better, however, and soon was per
forming "air stunts" that famous
and fearless blrdman never thought
of. Then came her trip to Japan and
her wonderful success in that country,
where she gave the greatest airplane
exhibitions the Japanese ever had
seen. She was entertained and feted
by royalty, and everywhere she went,
she was acclaimed as the emancipator
of woman.
Flow for Bed Orqes.
Last week, she flew from Albany,
N. Y-, to Washington, D. C., in the
Interests of the Red Cross campaign
for $100,000,000. On that flight, she
smashed one of Beachy's old records,
that for a flight from New York to
During her engagement in Grand
Forks—which calls for two flights a
day, during each one of which she will
perform her thrilling air stunts—she
will be engaged in some kind of Red
Cross work. Plans for this feature are
being worked out, and' there is no
doubt that she will perform something
novel and thrilling.
Miss Stlnson's record-breaking flight
for the Red Cross was made on Mon
day, June 25. She piloted her machine
safely Into Washington, landing on
the Polo grounds, south of the Wash
ington monument at 7:45 o'clock that
evening after a straight sail in three
relays from Albany, in which she cov
ered 873 miles in a single day.
Longest Day's Flight.
It was not only the longest flight
made in her five years of flying by
Miss Stinson, a pretty southern girl,
but also the longest aerial flight in a
single day that any aviator had made
to Washington. The distance from
Buffalo, where she started, to Wash
ington over the route covered by Miss
Stinson was 670 miles. This was cov
ered-by the aviatrix in two days.
Miss Stinson left Buffalq at 11:50
o'clock Sunday morning and arrived at
Albany at 6:45 that evening. Spend
ing the night in Albany, she resumed
her journey at 10 o'clock Monday
morning for New York, arriving at
Governor's Island at 12:15 and leaving
at 2 o'clock for Philadelphia, She
stopped at Philadelphia from 3:20 to
5:30 o'clock, when she started for
Washington. A great crowd waited at
Washington for her for four hours.
Miss Stinson did not stop at Baltimore,
but crossed that city at a high eleva
She made the journey of 182 miles
from Philadelphia to Washington In
two hours and five minutes, averaging
approximately seventy miles an hour
most of the way.
Received Contribution
At the Polo grounds, she was met
by the uniformed members of the Red
Cross Automobile corps, by Red Cross
1 '''5 t'.ll) I*, UU./h 'JIU} J*
{",.? i'r-i )•. •77
While Engaged at the State Fair
JULY S t. 14. Inc.
S? J,
pA 7-Reel Dramatic Masterpiece in Color
Join The Grand Forward MovemMt ofi
Automobile Partiei to Devils Laid
Sunday, 9uly 8th
Vs ),
officials, and by Henry B. F. MacFar
land, chairman of the Red Cross cam
paign committee in Washington, who
handed her a check for $50,000. This
was the first contribution ort washing
ton's account to the $100,OdO,000 fund.
Miss Stlnson reached the treasury de
partment shortly after 8 o'clock and
delivered not only this check, but also
the Initial contribution of .Buffalo to
the Red Cross fund to Secretary Mc
"You have made a remarkable and
daring trip," said the secretary, as he
took the envelope containing the
checks and pledges.
Doing Her Bit.
During the trip, Miss Stinson scat
tered cards on the towns and cities,
reading: __
This is a message from Katherlne
Stlnson. I am flying from Buffalo to
Washington carrying messages of
cheer from the Red Cross campaigners
in northern New Vork to the war
council In Washington. You, down
on earth, have you done your bit for
the Red Cross $100,000,000 fund? I
am doing mine.
Miss Stlnson Is 21 years old and a
Jewish War
Relief Fund
National Appeal For
she landed
her straps and stand in the blpwa^W
fore the crowd caught a glirop ...
the plucky little woman.
After her flight to Washington.
used the machine
Ten Million
Mass meeting in support of the Jewish War Suf
ferers Relief Fund will be held at the City Hall on
Sunday, July 8th, 1917,, at 4 P. M.
Sig. Wolff will preside.
Invocation—Rev. Jonathan Watson.
Speakers: Mayor J. A. Dinnie will extend civic
welcome. Pres. F. L. McVey, University of North
Dakota Dean Vernon P. Squires, University of
North Dakota Rev. W. H. Elf ring, Rev. N. J. Lohre,
Mr. Tracy Bangs, Mr. Max Rabinovich.
Rabbi Emanuel Sternhelm
of Sioux City will deliver the principal address.
A Cordial Welcome Extended to The
Citizenship of Grand Forks Irres
pective of Creed
an tn.ree as it before this voyfi-8®* H®r
flight from New York to Philadelphia,
a distance of 92 miles, In an even houi\
the best previous time
held by Lincoln Beachy, ^bo
In 1911 In one hour and flfty-flve min
utes. Miss Stinson flew at an average
height of 2,000 feet and maintained
an average speed of over 75 miles an^
Travels in Army Machine.
Miss Stlnson made the Bed Cross &
trip In a new Curtiss military tractor:«
planed model J- N.-B 4, the newly«
standardized United States army type
of training and reconnaissance ma- .L
chine. It Is the same type used by the
allies for this purpose, having
adopted as the
lean model for an International ma
chine. It is exclusively a government,
model. Indeed, the machine in whlOto
Miss Stinson traveled Is the actual pro
perty of the government. The war de
partment's hard-and-fast rule against -.
permitting a civilian to fly in a^ gov
ernment machine was raised. The ^s
sertion was made yesterday that Miss
Stlnson was the first civilian to leave
the ground in a government-owned
machine since the declaration Of war
with Germany.
ti e-

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