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Grand Forks herald. [volume] (Grand Forks, N.D.) 1916-1955, July 09, 1917, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042414/1917-07-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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Government Severely Criti
cized Because of Lack of
Proper Defense.
Police Still Search Ruins for
Missing—Many of In
jured Recovering.
London, July 9—The morning news
papers subordinate everything to
Saturday's air raid.. The comments
thereon reflect the popular indigna
tion, while some indulge in spirited
condemnation of the government.
The country, it is declared-- has been
humiliated and disgraced in a man
ner never experienced since the Dutch
fleet burned Chatham more than 250
years ago. The incident is described
by the most angry commentators as
disgraceful alike to the war office and
the admiralty air service and the re
"moval of those responsible for the
•'miserable display of incompetence"
is demanded.
Devastation of London
It is remarked also that the aerial
attack rises to a practical level the
question of a possible absolute de
vastation of London by aircraft and
the .Infliction of such losses as would
p.mount'to'-Serious military defeat. If
a score, of. enemy machines are able to
Co-operate with calm impunity, it is
asked what will happen if 200 come,
jr, as the Koelnische Z-eitung recently
Urged, a thousand.
S6me editorials refer to the hope
yrith which the advent of the Amer
ican air forces is waited, anticipating
important results ths -efrom.
Air Defense Criticised
In Bpjitija.1 circles, there is a good
deal of criticism on the failure on the
1,8rt of England's air defense to ward
the German raiders. Frr-e lances
In the House of Commons are planing
to bombard the government with de
mands for an .over-hauling of the
Whqle system. Those who favor raids
in reprisal. also are active and min
isters will be asked to state specific
ally' the reasons why no reply is
hiade in kind to the German raids on
England- In' this the -advocates of
jresprisals. are being backed by masses
of the (popple fn'. tfte»quartets affected
by recent raids.
Injured Progressing
Although,ksaTHe of those.lnjured on
Saturday .are in serious condition,, in
Ui.ost cases they are progressing fav
orably and' no further deaths have
occurred:'in the wo hospitals which
receive^- the largest number of pa
tients. Some of the streets in which
bombs were dropped were still closed
to traffic this morning.
Search Ruins
The police were still searching the
ruins of East End tenements this
morning for a number of persons who
are missing. In several- instances,
nothing remains of dwellings except
smouldering ruins, around which
gathered women and children search
ing'for some memento of their home.
Indifferent to the steady downpour
of rain which lasted the whole day,
many thousands visited the area
where bombs fell. A close inspection
of the damaged buildings showed that
the zone affected by each bomb was
marvelously circumscribed in nearly
every case.
-Material Damage Insignificant
The damage consisted mainly of
broken glass" and window framing.
The actual material damage effected
was comparatively insignificant, which
tends to prove that the bombs car
ried by the airplanes were far less
destructive than those dropped previ
ously in the Zeppelin raids, Satur
day's aerial attack more than ever
proved the wisdom of seeking shelter.
Judge Amidon Rules Liquor
Cannot be Brought into
State at All.
Fat-go, July 9.—Carrying liquor by
person into prohibition territory not
intehded for sale but for personal con-,
sumption is held to be interstate cpm
merce and a violation of the federal
bone-dry law in an opinion handeed
down in the pioneer case affecting
twenty-three Btates by Judge Charles
F. Amidon in federal court this morn
The court rules that the Bimple act
of bringing intoxicating liquors-from
one state to another is interstate com
merce. He said to hold otherwise
would make possible the worst form
of traffic and open the channels to
bootlegging, and, to hold that the
carrying of a quart of intoxicating
liquors, across a state line in the poc
ket was not violation of the law,
would result in the next defendant
bringing in a suitcase full in his
hands, the next one in proceeding to
use a wagon, and the worst possible
introduction of intoxicating liquors
would'thus be sanctioned. The court
ruled that the quantity is immaterial,
that the bringing in of a bottle of
liquor in the pocket across' the state
line is a violation:of the the law the
same as shipping in a carload over a
common carrier. Both constitute In
terstate commerce, the court held, and
if. brought! into prohibition territory,
t)te statute is violated. The decision
holds that it is immaterial that the
liquor is not transported for purposes
of sale. The law says nothing abAut
the purposes of the persons who
fc/uise liquor to be transported into
prohibition territory, and the courts
cannot make such purpose the basis
of sound distinction.
The defendants were two laborers,
Andrew Hagen and John Tjorn, from
the lumber .woods in Minnesota. They
had purchased liquor in Moohead and
carried it upon-their persona across
the state line to Fargo.
Last picture received in America of
the King of Spain, who is said to have
ambitions to be the first president of
a Spanish republic.
With Prohibition Disposed
of, Senate Plunges into
Other Features.
Washington, July 9.—With the pro
hibition issue disposed of, temporarily
at least, the senate today again took
up the food control bill in the ex
pectation that final action on the
measure as a whole will be reached
during the.yeek. First to be consid
ered was the section which would au
thorize the- president to commandeer
factories, packing houses, mines and
other plants and to operate them and
fix employes* wages. There is con
siderable opposition to these pro
Pending a final decision by congress
on the little question, revenue and
other related problems cannot be
worked out. The senate voted Satur
day to prohibit manufacture and im
portation of distilled beverages only
and the house stands recorded for
prohibiting manufacture of all intoxi
Chisholm. Minn., July 9.—Olga,
eight-year-old daughter of John Pa
kiz, Chisholm, has been lost in the
woods since Friday. Two hundred
volunteer searchers, men and women,
are out today.'
Accompanied by a nurffber of chil
dren of her own age, Olga went to
pick berries. Later, all the children
arrived home with the exception of
The territory in which the girl is
lost is a great brush country and is
punctured with many mine testing pits
filled with
Mare Island Scene of Terrif
ic Detonation—31 are
Washington, D. C., July 9.—Five
men were killed and 81 injured in the
Mare Island navy yard explosion, if
flclalj reports say.
Vallejo, Cal., July 9.—A report that
eight men had been killed In the
black powder store house explosion
at Mare Island navy yard, was re
ceived In Vallejo this morning. Naval
officials admitted that "great num
bers" of men had been Injured.
Orders that no person be allowed
leave Mare Island were issued by
Captain Harry George, commandant
of the navy yard. No official an
nouncement as to the number of cas
ualties have been made.
The injured wek-e three men oh a
ferryboat- about two miles from the
scene-of the explosion. It was dam
aged considerably, all the windows
and door of the boat being blown out.
vfe* 'VVV,•'%.,£
VOL. 12, NO. 162. GRAND FORKS, N. D., MONDAY, JULY ?, 1917.
London, July 9.—Accord
ing to reports reaching Rot
terdam from Berlin and for
warded by the Exchange
Telegraph, Emperor Will
iam invited the neutral am
bassadors and ministers to a
conference on Saturday.
u. s.
23 Machines Fly from Ash
burn to Rantoul, 111—
Abandon Former Field.
Chicago, July 9.—What is believed
to have been the longest squadron
flight of army airplanes so far was
quietly accomplished today.
Twenty-three airplanes, under Cap
tafn Roy S. Brown, of the signal
corps, took the air this morning from
the aviation field at Ashburn, a sub
urb, and flew in one hour and thirty
flve minutes, practically a mile a
minute, to Rantoul, near Champagne,
One plane landed twelve miles from
Rantoul for gasoline, but arose with
little delay.
The departure of the fliers marked
the abandonment of Ashburn as a
training camp for aviators, as the
government was unable to obtain ad
ditional land needed there without
paying what it considered too high a
National Association Opens
Important Meeting in
Minneapolis, July. 9.—The Thirty
second Annual Convention of the Na
tional EditoVlal association opened
here today with delegates present
from all parts of the United States.
A score of problems, many arising di
rectly from the war, will be threshed
out from all angles, during the four
day meeting.
The work already done'by the press
of the country in stimulating enlist
ment and aiding in'the. Liberty Loan
and Red Cross fund was urged by
Governor J. A. Birrnquist and other
speakers at the opening session and
pleas were made for still closer co-op
eration with the government in all
matters pertaining to the prosecution
of the war.
I H. C. Hotaling, first vice president,
I compared the newspaper of today
with that of half a century ago and
pointed to the facilities which have
been developed.
"Yet many of the editors of fifty
years ago were as modern in their
ideas as we are today," he said. "For
instance, right here in Minnesota,
John C. Wise, founder of The Man
kato Review, on receiving from a
courier on horse back the news of
Lincoln's assassination, set up the
story by candle light, ran it off on a
single sheet on a Job press and distrib
uted the sheets from a market basket
to his subscribers the day after the
t* -*itdi
Better vote for Bortness tomorrow
J"," ,?
The Austro-German Attacks
Near Brzezany and Koniu
chy Fail to Shake Them.
Muscovites Deal Powerful
Blows in Galicia—Gate
way to Lemberg Doomed
(By Associated Press.)
North of the Stanislau area. Gen
eral Brussiloff is holding fast to his
newly won positions near Brzezany
and Konluchy, where his troops are
well placed for a, continuation of the
drive upon Lemberg along converging
railway lines. Austro-German attacks
here have failed to shake the Russian
possession of this valuable terrain.
There is little but local fighting
along the British front in northern
France, but further down the line the
Germans are giving the French little
rest. Attack after attack is being
launched by the crown prince in des
perate attempts to shake the French
from their positions along the Chem
in-des-Dames. There was another
such drive last night at Pampheon,
but like others that preceded it the
effort was unsuccessful.
Meanwhile such trenches as the
Germans were able to' retake after
their repulse in the attack of Satur
day night in the Aisne region were
wrested from them in greater part by
a brilliant counter-offensive started
by the French.
New Russian Blows.
New and powerful blows are being
struck by the Russians in Galicia.
Apparently they have broken the Aus
tro-German line west of Stanislau
south of Hallcz, as today's official re
port from Pe'trograd not only reports
important gains for the Russians in
the Stanislau area, but declares the
Russian cavalry is pursuing the re
treating enemy. This pursuit already
has reached the Lukva river.
Gateway to Lemberg Doomed
Hallcz, the gateway to Lemberg
from the south seems doomed to fall
unless the Russian onslaught Is quick
ly stopped. A Russian push nofth
west from Stanislau would result in
Halicz being hemmed in on three
The renewed Russian onslaught in
this sector brought with it not only
additional territory, but 7,000 prison
ers'and 48-feuns, including a dozen
large caliber pieces. The total Rusfli
an captures of men in the present're*
markable offensive is mounting .rapid.-,
ly and now is in excess of 25,000.
A withdrawal of Russian foroes on
the front near the border between
Persia and Mesopotamia is announced
by the war office.
Under pressure from the Turks, the
Russians evacuated Panjwin, Khanl
kin, and Kasr-I-Shlrin.
Washington, July 9.—The first con
crete evidence of the success of the
American housewive's campaign
against waste is seen today in reports
from Cleveland and Buffalo, showing
that in the past sixty days the amount
of fats obtained from garbage at
city reduction plants has decreased
40 per cent. Subsequent figures will
show a corresponding saving in other
cities, it is believed.
Follow That Impulse
Government Control of
All Exports'to Begin
July 15 Firm Hand to
Washington, July 9—Reg
istrants subject to draft for
the new national army were
today notified to hold them
selves in readiness to appear
before boards which will
conduct examinations and
consider exemption claims.
Representatives of Farmers'
Organizations in Country
Meet in St. Paul.
Gathering is result of Equity
Scheme—Many Promi
nent Men Attend.
St. Paul, July 9.—Representatives
of farmers' organizations and co-oper
ative societies throughout the country,
with total memberships aggregating
5,000,000, met in this city today for
the purpose of organizing a nation
wide co-operative buying and selling
society for the benefit of their mem
The first step to organize the new
society was taken last December,
when the National Society of Equity
appointed a committee to Interest
other co-operative bodies. While the
National Society of Equity ..is leading
in the movement, it Is explained that,
the purposed society will be a separate
organization and will 'include in its
membership laborers, mechanics and
Other workers .m
"The trades unions of't country, ft i~
feaid, will be ?£ked to lend their as
The plan to be devised is expected
to follow closely along the lines of the
Richdale society in England, which is
said to do an annual business of $500,
The sessions will last several days.
In addition to the national officers of
the Society of Euqity, those attending
the meeting Include representatives of
the Federation of Producers and Con
sumers, the Illinois Co-operative
Stores, the Co-operative Lumber Mills
of the Pacific coast and .others inter
ested in the co-operative movement.
Probably thunder showers
tonight and Tuesday. Warmer
east portion tonight. Tuesday
partly cloudy and cooler.
Bar. 80.20 Ther. 64 Max.
76 Mln. 61 wind, north, 8
miles per hour.
II I il-»HTiM-r"iVn
Be Kept on Shipping
President Wilson Issues
Proclamation Ordering
Control Under Provisions
of Espionage Act—To
Consider First America's
Needs and, then, Those of
the Allies—Must Obtain
License for Exporting.
Washington, July 9—Government
control of American exports authoriz
ed in a provision of the espionage act
was ordered put into operation July
15 by President Wilson last night in
a proclamation putting under license
all shipments to all countries of the
most important commodities.
In a statement accompanying the
proclamation the president declared
the government's policy will be, first
to give consideration to American
needs, next, to meet as far as possible
the requirement of the allies, and
lastly, to supply the neutral countries
wherever practicable. It is made clear
that every effort will be made to see
that no supplies reach thb central
Commodities Under Control.
The commodities put under control
are coal, coke, fuel, oil, kerosene and
gasoline, including bunkers, food
grains, flour and meal, foods and
feeds, meats and fats, pig iron, steel
billets, ship plates and structural
shapes, scrap Iron and scrap steel,
Ferro maganese, fertilizers, arms, am
munition and explosives.
The Inclusion in the proclamation
lends color to statements that the ad
ministration is considering the advisi
bility of a complete embargo for sixty
days on all food shipments to give the
country time to ascertain the amount
of its supplies and to give allies and
neutral countries an' opportunity to
present a full program of their re
Firm Grasp on Shipping.
Through control of coal and fuels
the government intends to take a firm
grasp on shipping. An arrangement
under .negotiation will give the Amer
ican and British governments control
of not only all allied tonnage but of
neutral vessels as well. Ships now on
runs not regarded as necessary to a
successful conduct of the war will be
forced .-into trades considered more
essential, and vessels now held in port
through fear of submarine attack will
be required to go into- service.
Control of iron and -st^el was made
ptec«s8a.ry by war demands on the iron
and steel industries'. A shortage of
steel-in. this country is threatened be
cause of the large amount that is be
ing diverted to munitions manufacture
and the construction of the govern
ment's merchant fleet.
Specific Regulations Governing.
Specific regulations governing food
exports and shipments of other com
modities named in today's list are ex
pected to be Issued by the president In
a few days. Even if a complete em
bargo is not placed on food exports
for a time it is known many restric
tions will be made.
The president's proclamation says:
hereby proclaim to all whom it
may concern that, except at such
times and under such regulations and
orders and subject to such limitations
and exceptions as the president shall
proscribe, until otherwise ordered by
the president or by the congress, the
following articles, namely, coal, coke,
fuel, oils, kerosene and gasoline, in
cluding bunkers, food grains, flour
and meal therefrom, fodder and feeds,
meats and fats, pig iron, steel billets,
ship plates and structural shapes,
scrap and scrap steel, Ferro manga
nese, fertilizers, arms, ammunitions
and explosives, shall not, on and after
the fifteenth day of July, 1917, be
carried out of or exported from the
United States or Its territorial posses
sions to Abyssinia, Afghanistan, Al
bania, Argentina, Austria-Hungary,
Belgium, her colonies, possessions or
protectorates, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulga
ria. China, Chile, Columbia, Costa
Rica, Cuba, Denmark, her colonies,
possessions or protectorates, Domini
can republic, Ecuador, Egypt, France,
her colonies, possessions or protector
ates, Germany, her colonies, posses
sions or protectorates, Great Britain,
her colonies, possessions or protector
ates, Greece, Gautamala, Haiti, Japan,
Liberia, Leichtensteln, Luxemburg,
Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro, Moroc
co, Nepal, Nicaragua, the Netherlands,
her colonies, possessions or protector
ates, Norway, Oman, Panama, Para
guay, Persia, Peru, Portugal, San
Marino, Serbia, Slam, Spain, her col
onies, possessions or protectorates,
Sweden, Switzerland, Uruguay, Vene
zuela or Turkey.
Secretary, of Commerce in Charge.
"The orders and regulations from
time to time prescribed will be admin
istered by and under the authority of
the secretary of commerce, from
whom licenses, in conformity with the
said orders and regulations, will issue
"In controlling by license the ex
port of certain indispensable commod
ities from the United States, the gov
ernment has first and chiefly in view
the amelioration of the food condi
tions which have arisen or are likely
to arise in our own country before new
crops are harvested. Not only is the
conservation of our prime food and
fodder supplies a matter which vitaJly
concerns our own people, but the re
tention of an adequate supply of raw
materials is essential to our program
of military and naval construction and
the continuance of our necessary do
mestic activities. We shall, therefore,
similarly safeguard- all our funda
mental supplies.
Consider First the Allies.
"Ijt is obviously the duty of the
United States in liberating any surplus
products over and above our own do
mestic needs, to. consider first the ne
cessities of all the nations engaged in
war against the central powers. As to
neutral nations 'however, we also
recognise our duty. The government
does-not wish to hamper them. On the
contrary, it wishes and intends, by all
fair and equitable means, to co-oper
ate with them in their difficult, task
of adding from our available surpluses
to their own doinestlo': supply and of
meeting their pressing -necessities of
deficits^ In, considering, the deficits of
food supplies,-the government means
only to fulfill its obvious obligation tc
assure Itself that neutrals are hus
banding their' own resources and that
our supplies will
German Minority Party Out
lines Demand for Im
mediate Agreement.
General Disarmament Desir
ed—Equal Rights Asked
For all Peoples.
Stockholm, July 9.—Immediate con
clusion of peace conditions, which
shall include the establishment of an
international convention to bring
about general disarmament, is the de
mand of the International Proletariat,
according to German minority social
ists, who have just issued a lengthy
memorandum. Economic isolation of
states Is condemned, the memoran
dum continues, and obligatory inter
national arbitration should be Institut
ed. Equal rights of all inhabitants
of any country, regardless of nation
ality, race or religion, is an Impera
tive necessity. Other recommenda
tions are:
Secret treaties must be abolished.
Modifications of frontiers must de
pend on the consent of the popula
tions concerned and must not be ef
fected by violence.
Annexations and indemnities shall
be fixed on the basis of the rights of
nations to decide their own destinies.
Re-establishment of Serbia as an in
dependent autonomous state is neces
The aspirations of the Polish people
toward national unity is understood
but to concede right to autonomy to
Russian Poland and refuse it to Prus
sian and Austrian Poland Is irrecon
cilable with the right of nations to
decide their own destinies.
Continuation of the war to establish
this right as wgll as to solve the ques
tion of Alsace-Lorraine is condemned.
An opportunity ought to be given Al
scae-Lorraine to decide by referendum
to which country it wishes to belong.
It is impossible to refuse Belgium
complete political independence and
complete economical autonomy. The
Belgian people should receive repara
tion and damages during the war, par
ticularly the restitution of economic
losses, this having nothing in common
with indemnities which are con
Reports say Bethmann-Holl
weg May Have to Re
linquish Office.
Seems on Verge of Greatest
Parliamentary Upheaved
in History.
Amsterdam, July 9. The Tage
blatt of Berlin says it it rumored tha*
a change in the German chancellor
ship may be expected. Among those
mentioned as the possible successor
of Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg,
it names Prince von Buelow, former
chancellor Count von Hertllng, Ba
varian prime minister, and Count von
Roedern, secretary of the imperial
Count von Herlting has had several
conferences recently with Auatro
Hungarian officials, presumably in re
gard to peace question. He is said to
favor paece without cash indemnity,
Berlin, July 7, via London.—(De
layed.) This has been a day of "Ex
cursions and alarums." Following
the mass of plain spoken editorial
comment based on the hair trigger
tension in the relations between the
Reichstag and the government comes
the official news that Field Marshal
von Hlndenberg and General von
LudendorfT have arrived in Berlin for
a conference with the Emperor.
Erzberger Stared Upheaval.
The identity of the member of the
Reichstag who launched forth in a
candid exposition of the situation at
home and abroad now has been estab
lished definitely.
The Tageblatt names Mathlas Ers
berger, a leader of the clerical cen
tre, as the man who paved the way
for the discussion which resulted in a
common meeting ground for all but
the Pan German faction In Friday's
session of the main committee.
conference and in neutral countries.
Their deduction was that affairs in
Germany must be subjected forthwith
to a thorough overhauling. The ma
jorlty faction of the social democrats
also is convinced that the government
must make a positive declaration that
it is opposed to all policies of annexa
tion either in the East or West.
Demands are Right.
The Tageblatt observes, "that the
progress of developments is irresist
ible because right, reason and nsoes
sity demand these things and the
strong* man whom the conservatives
are calling for would have little luck
himself and would bring less to the
empire." »V
Faoing BIg OrWa,-
Copenhagen, ^uly 9.—Berlitt Un
doubtedly passing through a crisis an
the question of internal reform, the
conduct of the submarine
(Continued on Page a.)
Berlin, via London, July Oflfcelal
announcement' Is made that* Field
Mumhal von lUndenburg and Oeoerel
vto LudendorfT who came to Berttn
on Saturday to make a report to Sm
porer "William on the military situa*
tton have retumed to headquarters.
Social Democrats Helped.
Herr Erzberger's discussion of the
internal situation is said to have been .Vv,
remarkable for its lucidity and can
dor. It was augmented, effectively by
the utterances of social democrats
who related the impressions they had
gathered at the recent Stockholm v.f
—, $•*

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