Newspaper Page Text
rll'.' ..-• V.:'v I
British Cabinet Takes Atti
tude That England Witt
Act Alone In Fighting Fir
Freedom Of Straits Pos
sibility Of War. jn Which
All Europe Will Be In
eluded i« Threatened.:
The cabinet went firmly- on record
as being, opposed-to any form of mili
tary action as a means of settlement
lii .thj Turko-Greek situation. Jt cm
phasized the necessity
agreement through diplomatic chan
nels and eventually bj a peace
vLondon, Sept. 19.—(By The Asso
plated Press.)—The' British cabinet
&es the attitude' that Great Britain
undertake militia-action alone if
J' fiitfessary, Independent of France and
Italy,, to 'protect the freedom .of the
irvi f^rdanelles,.. It was' authoritatively
st*ted after this.forenoonts protracted.^!
An, official'communique issued from
Downing street this afternoon de-''
allM^ss in substknie 'that the govern
xX ment stands by its pronouncement of
policy U^ued to ^he press Saturday,
Tiit Associated Press. )b
tiondon, Sept.. 18:r—The 'British gov-:
eminent despite outcries In the*
french and Italiisih press against fur-
Her military action, showed no s^fns
altering its avowed, policy of
'. def^ndinK the 'freedom of the Darda-.
n^lles against the Turkish na
The cabinet ministers met today.
With a high Official of the admiralty
wlt'H theEarl of Cavan, chief of. staff
of the army and. SiV Hugh Montague
Trenchard, chief air. 'forces." They
discussed problems corine\:tsd with
£he defense of the neutral zone on
either side of the straits against "pos-^
sible Turkish action, it Is stated, *.
.^Another meeting of the 'cabinet
niembers 'was set 'for this' afternoon.
Meanwhile M. Minchitch, the Jugoslav
foreign minister, is' hastening to Lon
don from. Paris to. confer with the
cabinet over the crislB.
.The general public is more or less
shunned by the possibilities of another
conflict while the country is yet stag
gering from the effects' of the great
Lost His chancer
."'.Constantinople, $ept. lfl.—ZBy the
-Associated Press.)—British experts
ftere believe' that whatever oppor
tunity Mustapha'.' Kemal Pasha had
tfor a coup agfcinst Constantinople
-has now been lost, In view of: the
quick strengthening of the allied de
fensive' forces in the neutral zone.
All the available' British war ships
have teft Mallta for Constantinople
and the Dorset regiment from Egypt
and'the Staffordshire t-eglment from
Qlbralter, are on the way.
British Troops Entrenched.
'Forces landed from the British
already entrenched them
selves at Chanak, on the Asiatic side
of the Dardanelles, bringing- the
strength of the British .land forces
to ten thousand.1:- Two Italian 'bat
talions are expected from Rhodes.
advance guard of the Turks 5s
reported to be ^thirty miles south of
Chanak, and the army fifty miles.
has mobilised three di
visions on a -'line extending from
TJskub, In southern Servla tp Pi'rot,
neaV the Bulgarian border. This is
evidently to gufcrd against any possi
fA ble' attempt at the re-occupation of
Thra«e by the Turks or their allies
'."MfS itor Apk-'i^k'iwp."''
Greece «»ay be, requested to par-
ticlpate in the the strafto.
Assurances .that ttfe British,do^iltt
iliS vVlons are also'-ready to dispatch troops
isSft'to the Dardenelles, If nc«ssary, hav^
Helped allajr the anxiety ot th^popa-
I laflon and Constantinople Is'»h
XSi easlef. .It is teeliayea ai
Jy- the Kenfillsts now woul
with certain repulse.
Permission to se:
Smyrna to take off the Christian
refugees has beeii granted by. MusU
Kemal Pasha to the Allied poW
ars the ifnited States and Greece,
./ VkVm betifefn .the akes nd
and. It Is presumed th#
HAM excepfw' iV
Nationalists intend to .use. them
&?uury purposes, i. -.'n'v.
^popula^lon aad French ttoo'pi
sported to liaye fljed upbn Tt|rli-
i«. from exposure, fright
bit, T«» tbousand t»U
.#w .have -become, er-
id-^and jf^e' ptOsel® *re tlatlnc
.w,-'.*.# «&*!$•.. .». $Ptvs.!A
TO ARMED ACTION
.Gqikva, Sept. 19.—(By the
ted Press,)—A request that
tl^ IiMtne o( Nations Bend a'
wftutral commission to Investigate
the alleged atrocities by Turkish
nationalists In Asia Minor was
presented to the league assembly
tod&y bjr. the Persian delegation
oil".behalf of dies Turkish national
Paris, Sept. 1?»—(By The Associat
ed Press.)—-The French cabinet today
unanimously approved' what .is char
acterized us the "pacific" policy of
premier Polncare in' the Near East
and the withdrawal of all the French
troops from Asia- Minor to the -French
side of the straits of the Dardanelles'.
Farliamentary Authority is
Demanded Before Canada^
Can Supply Troop®,
(By'The Associated Press.)
•Ottawa, Sept. 19.—-The" reply of the
'Dominion, to the British government
last night, following' a cabinet meet
ing which lasted until nearly midnight
was 'ttf-the effect that public opinion
in Canada would demand authority
from parliament as a necessary pre
liminary to the despatch, of a contin
gent of troops to participate in even
tualities in the Near East
The dominion government further
informed ,th6'British government that
it would Welcome fullest information
In order to determine upon the advis
ability of.summoning the, Canadian
parliament to meet in'special session.
Thesubstance of the. original mes
sage sent, by the British government
indicates that a direct invitation to
send: troops was not extended to the
different dpminion governments with
in1 the empire, but, the Dominion gov
ernments were piked whether or" not
they would desire to be represented
Vancouver, B. C., Sett. 19.—British
naval reservists, residents, here, are
being called up for service, it was
stated. Monday, orders having been-re
ceived/from Lohdon for them to re
port at once. Military officers whp
have served in Mesopotamia and (he
Neai 'East, a'rer reported to have re
ceived'. 'word to thqld themselves in
r|£din4|)gs to prpcei^d overseas.
Ettoltdlnedt in Winnipeg.
i»y Tjbe Associated Pre'sfe.)
Lord Byhg, who commanded Can
adians in'France, now goverhbr gen
eral of Canada, Is duck shooting at
Saskatoon, and will be here by the
end of the week.
Winnipeg Grenadiers have opened
tiprolls. and were enlisting .men laBt
night ,so are Highland regiments and
the Ninth battalion. During the W6rld
war 20 regiments left Winnipeg and
many of them are still in active ser-\
vibe. R. D. Maxwell, president of
the Gre^t Wttr Veterans of Canada,
who lives in Winnipeg, said last night
that' every, man who went' overseas
in the great war and ts fit for duty
^(11 offer., his services if necessity
arises, This he. Judges from what
members are -saying/ and from the
sheaf of telegrams he has received
from all oyer the west from former,
army men."" Officials of veterans be
lieve they. wilt-be inbndated with ,of
^rs this week,
More Indictments Are Ex
'pectiwi Before the End of
,i This, Week.
Marlon,.Ill., Sept.-19.—(By The As*
|(oclatef Press.)—Closing uji': loop*
ends of tjie evidence with "which they
hbpe to convict participants 'fn the
killing :bf -22 'persons at the strip mine
the Southern Illinois Coal company
near here -last 'June, the prosecuting
authorities..tocUiy had on hand'.a. num
jber oY, the more than 100" witnesses
stBl to testify before "the .special grand
Jt^ry Investigating the mine killings.
During ,the session yesterday about
40'witne^(|es were heard. ,.*•
-Before the recess the jury .returned
Ihdictmehts against 58 tnen,, 8
whom were charged. with murder,
conspiiixcy, to commii murder,' find
rioting. The remainder of the .men
—ere. charged-^ only with the latter t*o
jfenses, %pd nvot^ of them have bean
aSniitt^d i% iball -after -giving them
jBlevep of the then charged
mth' murdek- are 'sUll at large.
an» e^pcctMl .to be returned/the latter
capltal pi 'aaylng 1. that '-'the engageV
i^ent of forirfer-1 Emperor William
tday be voincialiy Ajoliiounead within a
Reeenti. »po^f%ere td. sll*«t' ti»at
fcnrmeV'1S|AieVu)r .William woulij- mar
AfaeriwiiiL, r«ili»t ,work" Ty ^rlnoesa Herrainie.f Revise, widow
which" th*. tiun-1 of• Prince. Johinn of Schlonaitch-Car
The executive declared that It was
essential "to remember that a more
than $4,000^000,000 pledge to able
service men," would not diminish the
-later obligation which the veterans
(jbntributed to the "rolls of the aged,1
Indigent and dependent." This obli
gation, he said, would "cost more bil
lions than I venture to suggest."
In the house where the leaders say
more than the necessary two-thirds
will vote to- pass the bill over the
president's veto, a roll call was post
poned until tomorrow noon, on the
motion Of' Representative Mondell, of
Wyoming, the Republican leader.
f&S'WrwWi peg" Vir
theT threatening situation in the Far
East. Tuxedo barracks, where regu
lar soldiers are quartered the, vari
ous battalions, armories', and the War
Veterans" club room tjfe crowded
with .. enquiries and thjpre is little
'doqbt that several regiments could be
raised here for service.
innipeg is also headqua:rters in
terii Canada for airmen, the
station in the summer time being
northeast .of here on Lake Winnipeg,
where hydroplane service has. been
mailitainejl.for eight months. There
are 60 airmen there and In sub-sta
tions-and many are willing to again
go .' into active service.
The President's Message.
Washington, Sept. 19.—President
Harding'^ bonus yeto mesage follows:
the House of Representatives:.
,v "Herewith .is returned wl'thout:-ap
proval Hv R.10,874, fi bill 'to provide
adjusted compensation for the veter
ans of the world war and for other
"With the avowed .purpose of the'
bill, to give expression of a nation's
gratitude to those who served in Its
defsj»e.-ln .the.jworld w%r, I am .s. In
subscribe. The united States never
will cease to be grateful. It cannot
and never will cefcSe giving' expres
sion of tha.t gratitude.
adjusted compensation-' confess
failed, first of all, to provide the.reve
nue from which the bestowal Is to"be
paid. Moreover, It establishes the
very dangerous precedent of creating
a treasury covenant to pay which puts
a burden variously estimated between
four and five billions, upon the Am
erican peoab), not to discharge an
obligation, which the government. al
ways must pay, but to show a bonus
which the soldiers themselves while
serving In the world war did not ex
"It is not to be denied that the.' na
tion has certain very binding obli
gations to "those of its defenders who
made real sacrifices in the world war'
and who left the armies injured, dis
abled or diseased so that they could
not resume their places in the normal
activities of life. These obligations
are being gladly and generously met.
Perhaps there are here and there
inefficiencies and Injustice and some
distressing instances of neglect, but.
they are all unintentional and every
energy is being directed to their
earliest possible' correction.
Four hundred and sixteen thou
sand awards of compensation have
been made on account of death or
disability and ,$480,Q00,000 have been
paid to dnabled men or their depend
ent relatives: One tomdved aftd sev
erity-five thousand disabled. ex-|lerv
lce men are new recelvl^«%&mpei)?-f
satlon along wltji medical or hospital
iare'where heeded and. a fluarter qf
.« mlUloh jBheckk' go out, monthly-' in:
jjlstributlng Hhe eight-. m^ll(|)% dollar
payment onf lhdlsputable^.|'ohIlgai
GRAND FORKS, N. D.,
Measure Puts Between Fonr And Five Billion Dollar Biirden
On People Of Unitedtas,lmid^ S^ ^siiry
Figures Total Of $750,000,000 For First Four Years.
Washington, Sept. 19.—The soldiers' bonus Mil was vetoed today
by President Harding.
In returning the measure to congress without his approval, the
executive' In A message to the house, declared that he was In accord
with the avowed purpose of the bill, but that he could not 'subscribe to
OUTLINES REASONS. .(
Outlining the reasons for his vetp, the president said that congress
bad failed, .first of all,, to provide thc revenue from which' this bestowal
paid. He added that the ultlihate cost could not be estimated
definitely, but that the treasury figured-.the total at •750,0H),000for the
first ftuiv years, Vlth a final charge 111 excess of $4,-000,099,9M^.
Abuse of Public Credit.
Mr Harding told congress on the
proposed service certificates substitute,
ed for the 'orlgmal cash payment,
would constitute borrowing on the
nation's credit just as truly' as though
the loans were made by dlre'ct -gov
ernment borrowing. He added that
this. involves a, dangerous abuse of
plan' other thathat of general
sales tax. Such a' plan Was-unaccept
able to the congress,'and the bill has
been enacted without even a sugges
tion of means of meeting the cost. In
deed the cost is not definitely: known,
either for the, Immediate future or in
the ultimate settlement! Thie treasury
estimates, based on .what seems the
most likely exercise of the options fig
ures the direct cost at approximately
$145,000,000 for 1922, $145,000,000 for
192S $227,000,000 for 1924, $114,
000,000 for 1925, $312,000,000 for
1926, making a total of $795,000,000
for the first four years of Its opera
tion, and a total cost in excess of $4,
000,000,000. No estimates of the large
Indirect cost ever has been made/The
against tjie ultimate} liability. The plan
afoids any considerable direct. outlay
by the government during t.he earlier
years of the bill's proposed operation
but the loans on the. certificated.would
be fioatied on the credit of the na
"It is worth reniembering: that the
public credit is founded on the popu
lar/belief in the defensibillty of pub
lic expenditure, as well as the govern
ment's ability to pay. Loans come
from every rank iniife, and ouf heavy
tax burdens reach" directly-. or indi
rectly every element. In our .citizen
ship. To add. one-sli^h of th^i total
sum of our public debt for^:al,distrlbu
aion a*a or^4ess^th«n^AvftTjn.Hlions out
'of bn'e h'Undred' arid teik millions
Whether inspired bjh grateful senti
ment or political expediency, would
v.— undermine the confidence oh which
In leifislating for what is Qalleft3pur credit it builded, and establish the
precedent of dlsbrlbutlng public funds
Whenever the pro'posial and. the num
bers' affected make It seem politically
appealing'to do so. »•••*.-
Our maturing promises to pay
within the current fiscal year amount
to approximately .$4,000r000, moist of
which will hftve to be refunded within
the next six years more than $10,
000,000,000 of debt will', mature and
will have to be financed^ These out
standlng^and -in&turing obligations are
'difficult-"enough to meit without the
complication of added. borrowings.
Caring for Disabled Men.
"In meeting this obligation there, is
no complaint about the heavy cost.
In the current 'fiscal year we are ex
pending $510,000,000 on hospitaliza
tion and care of sick and wounded,
on compensation and vocational
training for the disabled fend for "In
surance. The figures do not include
the more than $35,000,000 In process
of expenditure on hospital construc
"The estimates for the year to fol
low are approximately $470,000,000
fend the figures may need to be made
larger. Though the, peak In "hospl
tailsatlon may have passed, there is a
growth in domiciliation and the dis
charge in full of our obligations''to
the diseased, disabled or dependent
s.jueuiuJeAoJB aqi oj ou.u.
care, with insurance liabilities added
will, probably reach a total sunv. in
excess of $26,0C0,000,000.
999,000 Vets Enrolled.
'""More than 99'9,000 veterans are
now enrolled' in sopie of the 445-dif
ferent courses In vocational training.
Fifty-four'thousand of them are in
schools or colleges, noite than 38,000
are In Industrial establishments arid
a few more than 6,600 "are being
trained in schools operated by the
"Approximately nineteen thousand
have completed their courses and
have employment in all- cases fthere
jtjiey' desire it, and 58,000 have de
ferred for the present time their ac
ceptances of training. The numbei
eligible under thp law may reach
close, to 404,000 and facilities.. will
continue to be afforded, unmindful, of
the' necessary cott, until every obliga
tion Is fulfilled.
"Two hundred and" se.venty-jrix
thousand patients have been hospital
ised,1 more than a quar:er of a it}iI
llon discharged and 26,878 patients
•are in our hospitals today.
^7'Wlvn .the bill. «jii,ui)der...cfMiitd
eraiUon. In this- houM eih^esled the
convletl^ii' that« any grant', df
•ht, to provlde'the 'pieatis' 9t 1A:
it' uid :^ra^!-uiiab|a-to mgewt.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, ,1922.
every one of which threatens:higher^- Chicago, Sept. 19.—(By the Asso
icterest and delays the adjustment to elated Press.)—Adjustment of mis
stable government financing and the understandings and differences which
diminution of federal taxes to defen- delayed expected settlement of the
slblfe cost of government.
.-"The pressing problem of the gov-
render the commitment of economy
and, savings so essential to our future
Face Great Emergency.
"The financial problems of the gov
ernment are too little heeded, until
we are face to face with a great em
ergency. The diminishing income of
the government due to the receding
tides of, business and attending in
comes has been overlooked momen
tarily, but cannot be long ignored.
The latest budget figures for the cur
rent fiscal year show an estimated-dft
ficlt of more than $650,000,000 and
afiirther deficit for the'year succeed
ing, even after counting upon all. in
terest collections, on foreign' indebt
edness Whlch'the government is likely
to recelVe. To add to our pledges to
pay except as necessity compels, must
seem no less than governmental ^oliy.
Means Higher Taxes.
"Inevitably it means increased tax
ation,. which congress was unwilling
to' levy for the purpose of this bill,
and will turn us from the '.course
toward econdmy So essential 'to pro
mote the activities which contribute
to common welfare.***** ...
"I. confess a regret that I must
sound a note of disappointment, to' the
many ex-service men who have, the
Impression that it is as simple a mat
ter for the government to bestow bil
lions In peace as it Whs to expend
billions In war. I regret to stand -be"
tWfsen-.!them and' ih» pitiably small
compensation proposed. I dlsllki to
be put of accord with the majority of
congress which, has voted the bestow
ai. The vltAple truth' is that this bill
proposed a government obligation of
more 'than fqur .billions without a
provision of funds for the extra
nary expenditure, which the executive
bhlnch of the gbyei'nment .must fl
nance: in the face of'difHcult flnanjclal
problems, and the complete defeat ot
rallway shopmen's strike
roads favorable to the
ernment is that of diminishing our peace arrangement was apparent to
burd'ens, rather than adding thereto, day.
There were rising hopes that Bert
"We have been driving in every
and establish economies, without im- New Tork Central line differences be
pairlng the essentials of governmental
activities. After nearly a year and a
quarter of insistence and persuasion,
v^jth,a concerted drive to reduce gov
ernment expenditure in every quarter
possible, it would'wipe out everything
thus far accomplished to add now
o^ir commitment to 'Sffect1 economics.'
I.would rather appealivthere^bre, to
theicandld reflection tf congies^ and
the jeountry and tb the ex-servlce men•
ip particular as to the 'course better
suited to further' the Welfare of-"S6uV
ctiMntty.' These e*-4oldier8 Who servid
so g&ijaijiiiy war. and %hoi
be ao:conspifittpiiaiy 4n'the
thfl rtfeubllc in the lu.lf «?in«iry.
fdre'',us, mvst :kt'oV that nations can
o|iiy:'iurvive'r.w1»fcr« ^takatlop is re-.
•stnalnM from1 th* tttttts of oppression.'
.Wh'ere tbe publicv tr«lt8uryvis Mocked
agafli^t class lagliaHludh,- bufeVer opN»n
and ptjepiMd' to
-'r j.-4r.''.^.« yi .".*.
meet all essential obligations. Such a
policy makes a better country for
which to fight, or to. have fought for
and affords a Surer abiding' place in
which to live and attain.
Much of Government's Evir
dence Ruled Out Dei
Chicago, Sept. 19.—(By The Asso
ciated Press.)—Renewed attacks on
the mass of affidavits submitted by
Attorney General Daugjierty's repre
sentatives in their fight for a tempor
ary injunction against offlcUUs of the
railway employes department, Ameri
can Federation of Labor, were resum
ed today by the defense attorneys and
Judge James H. Wllkerson's court.
Hardly an affidavit of the number
the defense announced they had time
to study since their admission in court
escaped the criticism of Frank L:
Mulholland, defense attorney who ledf
the attack on the government's case.
Defense attorneys were elated over
the ruling made yesterday by Judge
Wilkerson by which more than one
fourth of the government's affidavits,
while being allowed to remain in the
record, will not be considered' In de
•Objects today in most cages Urate
based .on the facts that many affida
vits contained hearsay evidence and
did not name or any way connect the
defendiants -with acts aind crimes" de
Of more -than 500 affidavits exam
ined, dfefense attorneys said they
found only eigne 'in which- the-' de.*
fondants are na^rhed. Almost half of
the affidavits are still tflT'be examined.'
Adjustment of Misunder
standings Being Made
.. .„Many Strikers Return.
Jewell, the shop crafts,. leader,
would Iron out with official* of the
tween striking shop men and the New
York Central system.
These hopes were strengthened
•when the Southern railway, the (Mo
bile- and Oliio controlled by the
Southern, and the Monon, fell in line
With roads accepting the. Baltimore
this proposed burden, and' it would the agreement.
accepting tne ttaiti
Many strikers on these roads were
expected back today at the Jobs they
left July 1 when the nation-wide
shop men's stVlke began.
Reports of a general' return to
work by striking shopmen on roads
which agreed to the Baltimore plan
brought predictions by union leaders
that the estimated number of 5p,000
returned strikers on various roads
would be doubled within a few "days.
Shop. forces generally were esti
mated in ^railroad circles today at
about 85 per cent of normal.
Washington, Sept. 19.-—The retail
cost'of food to the average family In
the United States decreased two per
cent in the month ending August 15,
according to figures made' public to
day by the department of labor,' based
on reports from. 51 cities.
Among the' cities showing a de
crease in the price lever were: Milwau
kee 5 per cent Minneapolis and St.
Paul 4 .per cent phicago 8 per cent
New York 2 per cent. Some cities
showed, a decrease of one per cetakor
leas,-while.Seattle showed an incrA.se
,of less thap one-half of one per cent.
Decrease of 22 articles of food
ranged^from 28 percent ,f«r- ^atato^s
to 1 per cent for sirloin steak and rib
roast. While of 11 ^tlcles allowing an
i/icre&se granulated sugar led with 7
ordl- ikjOHEflT HONORS IK MASOfrRY
CONFERRKD UPOJT CANDIDATE
Cleveland, Sept. 19.—The etipreme
couqcll, 33rd degree. Ancient Accept
ed Scottish -Rite of Freethasonry for
the northern Masonic jurisdiction of
the United States In conclave .there
tonight Will witness-the conferring of
the Slrd- degree, the highest honor
that c*n be attained 'In Masjonry. upon
Amehg' .the candidates -are Govern
nop) A: J.-Oroesbeck of M16higan and
C.^E. 81»rt»iii of Penn^rlvanla, atid' for
m,*r G«vejrior Charles 8. 'Dtaeen of
.A .' ." 1
Presldept Harding, also
"was to have
had this honor, conferred/ upon Wm
but tfwing to the illness'of 'his wife,
Brought Death To
Men Few Hours After
I In Shaft
Favorable Action by Senate
And President Regarded
Washington, Sept. 19.—The fight in
congress over the tariff was to end at
4 p. m. today under, a unanimous
consent agreement for a vote
senate at thau hour on the. adoption
of the conference report of the ad
ministration bill. Favorable action
was regarded as a. foregon* conclu
sion as was- the approval I of the
measure by President Harding.
In the four' hours of debate that
preceded the vote the Democrats
made their final onslaught on the
bill with Senator Underwood of Ala
bama, their leader, delivering the
on some principal address.
While their fight in congress was
about ended, they expected to carry
It to the country during the cam
paign, preceding the elections in No
20 Months In Making.
The tariff, the first Republican pro
tective measure in nearly.teri yeai's,
has been 20 months and more in the
making. The house ways and means
committee began hearing on January
6, 1921," and the bill was passed by
the house on July 21 of. the same
year. It then went to the senate
where it remained with the finance
committee until last April 11. Eight
days later senate consideration be
For the first time In American
tariff making the senate considered
the bill item by item with prolonged
debate on some of the separate rates.
Under the new plan the bill was re
written gradually on the senate floor,
but most of the changes were voted
on recommendation of the finance
Referring to the raw wool rate of
31 cents a scoured pound, Senator
Simmons said it appeared as though'
the. Republicans were making "a de
liberate effort to mislead the people
and finally the- facts." He read ofli
clal figures to show that the emer
gency tariff rate on wool had worked
out at 22 l-2c a pound or 8 l-2c less
than that proposed In the pending'
"It (the tariff) will cost the Amer
$8,500,000,000 at the start," he con
cluded, "and' double that amount at
CARGOES OF SOFT
COAL ARE EN ROUTE
These arc In Addition to SS Cargoes
Reported Westerday on Way to
Head of Lakes.
St. Paul,"'Minn., Sept. 19.—Fourteen
additional cargoes of soft coal ap
proximating 100,000 tons, are en
route to Duluth and Superior*' docks
for distribution in the. northwest
states, according to information re
ceived today byC. P. White. federal
fuel distributor for the northwest.
These 14 cargoes are in addition to
the 25 cargoeis reported en route yes
terday. Which will' make 'a total ton
nage of approximately 300,000 tops
ot hituminous qoai at the head o'f the
lakes docks, The steady, flo^ 'of sdtt
coal Into northwest channels makes
the outiobk for% coal pupply In the
northwest the most optimistic sinos
the crisis was repoi^ed,/vMr. White'
4. THE -WXB&TlDER.' v"
Minnesota: Fair toolght
Wednesday warper^ WadnWay
and ki Mdnmt Portion
Two Bulkheads Hfd Been Built Behind Which Men Hii kf
Gone In Effort To Keep From Deadly Fumes Thir^
Had Been Started But Unfinished, Giving Nnt^l
The date of the inquest has not been set by Mrs. Lola Potter, the
coroner, who is an undertaker.
Details of burial have not been arranged.
Jackson, Cal., Sept. 19.—(By the Associated Press.)—Jackson, mining
town in the Mother Lode coijntry, has paid the toll demanded of those, who
delve In the earth for gold, and stands unafraid but not dry eyed toddy '.
Forty-seven of her men died in the Argonaut mine early on the morning
of August 28, she learned last night, and today she awaits the bringing of
their bodies from the rock tunnel that has been their tomb for three weeks.
It was California's worst mine disaster, in one of California's greatest
gold producers, and it was the hardest blow Jackson ever has had to. suffer.,
Evidence That They Had Made Heroic Fight F«lr |.'
Life Identification Of Bodies Will Be Difficult S
Little Mining Town Takes Situation Calmly. t,
Jackson. Cai.. Sept. 19.—The first of the 47'bodies of the Argonaut -V
gold mine disaster will be brought to the surface in the Kennedy mine aftft. W
noon today. A crew of the U. S. bureau of mines in charge of Byroh O.
Pickard, district mining engineer-of the bureau, went down the Kenjrtdjr
shaft at 8. o'clock. Members of the crew carried forty pound oxygen J
Pickard said-they would descend to the 3,600 foot level of the Kennedy*
crawl through the two foot hole made yesterday into the 4,200 foot' ley^l if
of the Argonaut and then go down ladders to the 4,350 level of the Argoftapt
'where the bodies -were found. I'he procedure then will be to draw off gas
and force fresh air Into the Argonaut. Each body will be wrapped In canvas,
loaded on a skip and pulled up one by one by cqmpressed air power td tKe
4,200 foot level and then taken through the hole to the Kennedy for rertloVal
to the top. The laborious processes will take about two hours for each -6f
the bodies to be brought out.
Behind the third bulkhead on the 4,350 foot level of the Argonaut- the
47 dead lie, many of them without clothing, which had been stuffed intp
the bulkheads in an effort to seal themselves against gas from the fire. Cam
will- be taken by the working crews to preserve any marks of identiflcatlcm
This admittedly will be difficult, as the metal tags carried by the men werft
in most cases in re,moved clothing.
Entombed Three Weeks.
Three weeks ago last Sunday nights
men deep in the Argonaut bett«xjp$,
they smelled smoke. A
took two men and
gate. They found thalanaft -aiub- ai
the 3,600 foot levet, chanted ~d«ith'
from gas and were carried thr'ou'gjji-.V
the fire to the" top of tne. mine.. 7
Then began the work of fire tight'
ing which presently:.ipyrgcid into OJfce
of rescue for the men below, for the
fire blocked the shaft and prevented
the escape of thegminers.
Men came'from all' over the' weM
to offer their services, the' curtoup
fellowship of miners bringing hearty
offers of service from all who could
get to Jackson Mining commnfeg
distant states, everf in Mexico tele-.'
graphed proffers of 'assistance. The,
Kennedy mining company operators
of an adjoining shaft, sunk the'bit*
terness of a lawsuit in its willingness ,.
to be of service and loaned all itk'
property and facilities to the work of
rescue.. For many weary days, dis
appointed some times by unexpected
difficulties and heartened some times
by equally unexpected Hits of 'good'
luck, rescue crews drove through the,
choked tunnel that once had connect-"
ed the two mines or battered at. the
rock separating one of the Kennedy's
drifts from the Argonaut's 4,200 foot
Last Barrier Overcome.
Yesterday a drill was driven
through the last barrier of rock Into
Five men had made a hasty andi
unauthorized exploration of part
the Argonaut, seeking survivors. rft":,
the imminent risk of their own live#.'
The opening was enlarged so that a
rescue crew could pass, and all day!
explorations went on without any re
The levels were clear, there was no
sign of any miner left in them, either
dead or alive. The rescue men, ham
pered by their oxygen helmets and
the heat in the underground work
ings. turned their attention to explor
ing the cross cuts and drifts leadinjr
from the tunnels already traversed^
in one they found a bulkhead thai
had not been there when the miners
went below that fatal night three
Hope rose anew at this evidenci:
that some at least of the entombed
men had not died an instant death
from the gases thrown off by the fire
in the shaft.-and the,rescuers pressed
on. They found another bulkhead^
not built of planks and timbers and
stuffed with torn clothing, like the
first, but erected of earth, rock and
It was a pitiful structure, gaping
in places so that the rescuers could
see through it, but it cnecked the air
currents somewhat and the men. In
the oxygen helmets halting before It,
afraid to tear it down while the air
before it was poisonous, lest they
thereby cause sudden death to any,
who might be alive beyond It.^lij^^
Hop|e at Its Height.
Hope stood at its highest wh
this second bulkhead was found airt
from that height it made its great)
plunge. Before those who waitedjL
above for news of thel,r loved oneW
knew even that the rescuers -bad-
broken through the bulkhead wordi,
came that the bodies' of 42 men had
been found and counted. '..
Not long after word came Up frong,'':
the telephone station, hurriedly
vanced to the 4,200 foot 4evel,
the bulkheaded place, that the sot
five also bad been found—dead^
Jackson took the blow calmly
presently found comfort, in. the
knowledge, gained from, notes left
two of the men and from the rep
of rescuers regarding the man's wcjr]
before tthey died, that a quick,' mti
ful 'deafth had e£me to thtm instt
ot the agonies of starvation.' 'TO
was no lingering in inky
8,000 feet below sea level. The
came, then lethargy, iihien
Lived Oghr Fra Hopes.
Records scrawisd. on pap4r by
"man and scratched on ft tiinHf
another showed theyj Maidv'
little more than three hi
erecting their pitiClU
Saddest of all was thi*-mts!&.>
?t' Jhe b*re beglnblngv of
bulkhead when ga* haM drtvan
from the senile of the
length of .ttme sln^B .t
temperatnre of tiia «i
lack of tSe cioOiihg tl
to «tt^r teto «raelu.'