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LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD.
VOL,. XXVI. THE COAST. Railroad Accident at the Cascades. A GOOD BARE KNUCKLE FIGHT. The "Mexico" a Total Wreck—The Safe of the Del Monte Found Intact. Associated Press Dispatches to the Herald. Portland, Or., April 3.—A frightful accident occurred on Wednesday on the East End switob, over the Northern Pa. oifio, baok of the Cascades at Stampede pass, where the b : g tunnel is being bored. A big engine used for mountain work being out of order, a six-wheeled engine was substituted. It had nearly reached the end of the track, laid a mile np the mountain, when the engineer found he oould no longer hold it on the steep grade. As it started back down the hill the engineer .and fireman jumped off into the deep snow and es caped uninjured. The cog ne gathered speed as it went, and was running at the rate of a hundred miles an hour when it came to a curved trestle where carpen ters were working, and it was upon them before they were aware of it. One man was killed outright, and another bad his legs cut off Another lay flat on the trestle at the curve, and the engine and car jumped completely over him into the can >v a hundred feet below. A BARE.KNI7CKL.E FIGHT, James IflorrUsey throw* Up the Sponge after Hvo Itonnils. Sacramento, April 3 —Early this morning, on the Riverside road, Tom Avery of Sap Francisco, and James Morrissey of this city, engaged in a bare knuckle tight in the presence of about sixty Sacramento bloods Avery weighed 140 pounds and Morrissey 150. The former was in the best condition, and in the betting he was a favorite by two to one. In the fifth and last ro md the fighters clinched and fell to the ground. Morrissey whs beneath. His ankle was b\dly sprained and he was obliged to throw up the sponge. Bjth were con siderably punished, Avery about the body and Morrissey about the face, his cheek being laid open. His nose and lip were badly out. The fight was for a $100 purse and both men fought to win. The tickets to witness the fight were 92.50. A new ltaliau ministry. Rome, April 3.—The formation of a new cabinet has been virtually accom plished. Signor Depretis becomes min ister of Foreigu Affaire; Crispi, minister of tbe Interior; Signor Viule, of War; Signor Zanardelli, of Justice, aim Sarraceo, of Puolio Works. Iv other departments the present ministers retain their portfolios. THE BIEXIOO. Tbe Handsome (Steamship Be comes a Total Wreck. Sfattle, April 3.—The steamship Mexico, whioh was reported last night to be a total wreck, was wrecked while returning from Nanaiuio in Plumper's Pass. At low tide her bow only is to be seen. Captain Huntington thinks she can be raised. He and some of the officers remain at the scene of tbe wreck. No lives were lost. The crew has been taken to Victoria. At the time of the accident the vessel was in com mand of Captain Dan Morrison, an experienced British Columbia pilot. The Mexico was built in 1881 at San Francisco, for the Mexican trade, and has been running for several years now in the Pacific Coast Steamship Com pnnv's employ. She was valued at $300,000 and well insured. Destruction of a Church. London, April 3. —The roof of the ohurch at Lingnglossa, Sicily, fell with out warning during the services yester day, buryiug beneath it one hnndred persons, forty of whom were killed and injured. SEARCHING THE ASHES. The Hotel Del Monte Sal c Founf Uninjured. Montkrky, April 3.—The site where lately stood the Hotel del Monte was surrounded to-day by a crowd of curious people, who gszed sadly at the wreck. The safe, which contained a large quan tity of valuables, was taken from the debris to-day and opened. The jewelry and coin were found uninjured. Some checks were also found preserved, but a quantity of greenbacks and valuable documents were destroyed. The work of removing the debris, preparatory to beginning a new structure, will begin to morrow. New Railroad Company. Walla Walla, W. T., April 3.— Representatives of the Farmers' Union from Umatilla, Columbia and Walla Walla counties held a convention at "Walla Walla and appointed as directors to organize a railroad company: J. F. Boyar, J. M. Cornwall, Frank Londan, W. P. Peser, Orla Hull of Walla Walla, John Bruce, W. Denny of Waitsburg. Nathan Pierce, of Milton, and John Brining, of Dayton. The said directors filed articles incorporating the Walla Walla and Pnget Sound Railroad Com pany, with a capital stock of $2,000,000. J. F. Boyer is President, and the head office is at Walla Walla. The purpose is th ■ building of a line from Walla Walla to connect with the Northern Pacific and lines elsewhere in Eis tern Wash ington and Oregon, wherever needed by the farmers. People of Petalnma. Pbtalcma, April 3.—The Board of [ Trade held their first annual meeting for the eleotion of a Board of Directors, i The former Board was re-elected with ' the exception of two. M. D. Hopkins and J. A. McNear were elected. Much enthusiasm was shown 1 in the proposed railway to Sebastopol and the lower valley. It was unanim ously resolved to co-oporate with the people of that location and $100,000 in stock was promised from citizens of this oity. There is no need of rain on the higher linde. , The Judges Coming. San Francisco, April 3.—The Jus tices oftthe State Supreme Court left to day in time to arrive and open Cotfrt to morrow afternoon at 9 o'clock for the regular term at Los Angeles. Crop Report. Chicago, April 3.—The Farmers' He view, in its crop report for the week, says: "Reports from the winter wheat growing States are still of a favorable tenor, the majority of reports indicating that fall-sown grain is in full average condition. The weather continues dry to Missouri and Kansas, and there is a great lack of moisture, partiaAarly in the last-named State, but as yet tbe crop has not been seriously injured on this account. Over a widely distributed area in Michigan and Wisconsin the land is still under snow." THE KCiTHI*. She U a I.oiik way from He In*; wrrrkril. Boston, April 3.—The steamer Soy thia arrived at her dock tafely soon af ter 5 o'clock to-night. The startling rumors of a the coast of Scituate to the Cunard steamer Scythia, in circulation, which caused tremen dous consternation in this city last night have been proven false. Owing to to the fact that the telegraphic com munication with the south shore had been interrupted by a storm, it was im possible last night to either confirm the rumor or to disprove it. Ciroumstauces were so peculiarly favorable to the belief in the - truth of the report, however, I hat Agent MartiD, of the Cunard Com pany, rather than endure such natural suspense, determined to charter a train and go at. once to the locality of the alleged wreck. The train It ft Old Colony station at 4:15 A. m., with Mr. Martin and thirty reporter on board and arrived at Scituate at 4:16 Tnen the party tramped through three mill a of snow drift* to the breach where, the sun having risen, a dear view of a long stretch of the coast was obtained. There was no sign of a wreck in any direction. The sea was tremendously high, waves breaking over the tops of the cliffs fifty feet high. Having been convinced of the falsity of the rumor concerning the Boythis, the party returned at once to Boston. How the rumor originated is not known but there is no doubt it was generally believed to be true last night. The Scythia was expected to arrive yester day and the fact in connection with the horrible gale that had been prevailing on the coast for 48 hours caused a wide spread feeling of apprehension. The Story of a Forger, But Who Caused the Death of Many People by His Former Avarice. Associated Press Dispatches t."> the Herald. Nkw York, April 3.—The Tribune to-day has a lung article in regard to to famous Bdly Kissane. It begins by saying that Recorder Smyth did not re ceive to day a written proof of the au thority which he had asked J. B. Hart, who declared himself counsel for Kis eaue, to produce as evidence that he was chosen attorney for Kissane. Then follows a carefully worded statement, which is attributed to an official who is acquainted with every step that has been taken. It points out that the in dictment which Hart sought to have nolle proitqaied was praclically out lawed; that at no time did he ever stand in any danger of prosecution under it, as he had been pardoued for an offence committed at the same time; that aside from a sentimental desire to have the matter settled there was no rea-on why he should have done any thing about it; that the most uaturul thing, if ha had consulted a good lawyer, would have been to communicate with a good lawyer here and have had the thing done quietly, instead of stir ring up ihe matter as has been done. And so the article proceeds at considerable hngth, having much to be read between the times. At oue point it points out the difference that Hart instead of being Kissane's attorney, appears rather as aiding his enemies by stirring up the matter; at another point referring to the amount of feeling which he displayed who. tears sprang to his eyes. It l ay. a the inference to be drawn that his rela tion to the case is closer than that of an attorney —such, for instance, as "a rela tive under an assumed name." It assert; that Mr Hart has made several visits to the city in regard to trie matter, the first nearly a year ago. The article continues: "News was received in this city early in the afternoon that Kissane's present name had been revealed in San Francis co, and that the whole history of his career had been simultaneously told The Tribune reporter called upon George G. Williams, President of the Chemical Bank, and he slated: this reoort to him. Mr. Williams thought a moment and then said that the Chemical Bank had from the outset declined to make Kissane's assumed name known, leaving the identification to come from other sources, should it come at all. "Yet the name has not been given out said Mr. Williams, adding: "Just wait a moment." He left his private of fice for two or three minutes and, after consultation, returned with a telegraph message covering four or five telegraph blanks and said: "I have received this telegram from General Darr, and I will read you a line of it," and Mr. Williams ran his eyes over the telegram and then read aloud: "I have revealed Kissane's identity." Then Mr. Williams said: "You will have to wait till the name is telegraphed from San Francisco and get the information that way. I am sorry for Kissane's family that this matter should come out, but from all I can see tt is the fault of his lawyer, J. B. Hart, who came on here to have the indict ment qu is hed. Hart did not g t quietly what he wauled at the District Attorney's oflico, and so be appeared in open court and attracted public attention to the whole natter. Not content with that be began abusing General Darr, who had been nearly mined by Kissane's rascality, and the result is that General Darr has revealed the mail's identity. Hart's handling of the matter is the worst piece of bungling I ever heard of. The bank did not know that be was here or that the matter was going on nutil Hart appeared iv open court. He has not been near us as you may naturally expect." "Did you know before that Kis-ane was living in or neßr Sau Francisco under an assumed name?" Mr. Williams was asked. "Yes," said he, "we knew of it a year ago." Mr. Williams was asked aoout that phase of the matter which presents Kissane as a repentant crim inal, who had long been leading a re pentant life. "That is not so," he re plied promptly. "Kissane is bad through and through. He is a wonder fully bright man and equally as bad. He has been leading a bad lite since he left here. So far from being reformed, the last time I heard of him he was on a spree. He not only nearly ruined Gen. Dare, hut after he became prosperous and General Darr recognized him he re fused to make good the sum, for the loss of which he was responsible. He him self is deserving of no sympathy; I am sorry for his family, however." As to the statement that Kissane had com mitted forgeries on the American or Continental Bank, Mr. Williams s»id that the papers merely passed through theso banks, the loss falling upon the Chemical Bank. While at Sing Sing Kißsane offered to make a full con fession of the Martha Washington steam boat conspiracy. He was liberated and made a full confession of the efforts to secure the insurance. The coufession occupied about 100 pages of foolsoap. His gang was one of the most complete organizations ever ki o wa in this country. He violated his promise to the insurance companies and fled to Nicaragua where, under an assumed name, it was reported that ho been shot. His oaieer in Cali fornia under another assumed name is well known. Cleveland, 0., April 3.—The Leader wilt to-monow publish uu another inter esting installment of the .tory of Sidney C Burton's efforts to run down William Kissane. It says: "Ev.ry detail of this case has been preserved in manu script, and is now in the possesion of the daughter of Barton, Mrs. trances H. Bourn in, of 95 Sute street. The docu mentary evidence includes the manuscript of the book written by Mr. Burton and a voluminous correspondence with persons interested in the case, complete the story of Kissane's carreer. In 1851 Mr. Bur ton had been established for eight years as the proprietor of a leather and woolen warehouse. He conducted a prosper ous business and among his correspond ents were Filly * Chaiin, a leather fac tory lo ated in Cincinnati. In Novem ber he held their notes for $2500 and owned 2200 sheepskins which were stored in the*r warehouse. On December 26, 1861, he visited Cincinnati and found that the tinm bad made an assignment. They were succeeded by Lyman Cole, a man who was subsequently arrested in A Murderer Killed. Socorro, N. M., April 3.—The Brown brothers, William and John, lately es caped from the St. Johns, Ariz., jail, and supposed to have been concerned in the late wreck of a train on the Atlantic and Paoific railroad, have been in this vicinity for the past two days, and to-day John was captured and William killed by officers who were in pur-uit. They were overtaken east of the Rio Grande, near this place, and when called upon to surrender opened tire upon the pursuing party. The fire was returneß, which re sulted in William being shot through the heart. Besides tbe train wrecking tbe Browns are wanted for the killing of Lynch and other crimes. California vs. Florida. The Boston Journal, in a recent issue, says: "There is mourning among the land lords of Florida. The winter crop of tourists has failed and the hotels of the interior are almost empty. This la mentable state of affairs is attributed to tbe diversion of winter travel to Califor nia." The train-loads of visitors which are daily arriving from the ice-bound re gions east ot the Rocky mountains, attest unmistakably their preference for the sunny skies and balmy atmosphere of California as compared with any point on the Atlantic coast. Tbe advan tages which the climate of California presents, in a sanitary point of view, needed only to be known to attract hither the vast concourse of health and njeasuro seekers which are now crowding our hotels to their utmost capacity. Those who have spent one winter in Califor nia will not pass one out of it if they can avoid it. Florida has the advantage of proximity to Eastern homes and conse quent cbeapnees of transportation, but the superior advantages of California far outweigh the drawbacks of distanco and expenses of traveling. Florida is sub ject to cold waves, which sweep fur down tbe peninsula, causing sudden and violent changes, exceedingly detrimental to those suffering from lung complaints, und physicians are accordingly rocom mending their patients, who can bear the fatigue and expense of the journey to try the revivifying atmosphere of California. The present admirable ar rangements for comfort and convenience provide I by the railroad companies, re duce fatigue to a minimum, and the ex pense, at exoursion prices, is by no means burdensome. The sudden transi tion from Boreal gales, snow-mantled hills and ice-fettered streams to green fields and blooming dowers, fills the soul of tbe Eastern visitor with delight, while the odor of orange blossoms and the trees laden with their golden fruit, convey to their gratified senses a realization of the Paradise which has opened before them. Nevada County. The pounding of the quartz stamp* can be beard in all parts of the district now. The miners are busy and there seem to be no idlers among them. The tunnel on the Grunt quartz mine on the Middle Yuba is in a distance ot eighty-seven feet and the ledge is near at hand. A cleanup of twenty-three loads of quartz from the Horseshoe mice imp just been made at Southern's custom mill, on Wolf oreek, which gave a yield of $24 25 a load, independent of the sol phurets. There was some waste rock in the quartz, otherwise the result would have been larger. The Horseshoe folks are well satisfied, and look for good yields from the mine in the future.— [G. V. Union. Mr. Gautbicr to day informed us that the Crown Point miue has been sold this time for a oertainty. He has signed the deed. We understand, not from Mr. Gautbier however, that the price paid was $125 000. We are very sure that not a dollar above the value of the vroperty was paid by the purchasers. The Crown point is going to make a big history as a gold producer, as the own ers are men who understand mining.— [G V. Tiding*. The shaft of the North Star mine is being sunk to the sixteenth level. The ledge is strong, showing a width of two feet, and the ore ia of good quality. The new North Star mill is running on good paying ore, as shown by the sflver plates being well coated with amalgam. The shaft of the Empire mine is being sunk for the seventeenth level. The ledge at the bottom averages one and a half feet in width.—[Grass Valley Union. r MONDAY MORNING. APRIL 4. 1887 TEN PAGES. New York on a charge of having been implicated with Kissane in the bank forgery. When Mr. Burton asked for the payment of the notes and the re turn of the sheepskins he was in formed that he oould go to the devil, with the rest ojf the creditors Captain Commings, woo comrnnnded the Martha Washington was an intimate friend of Cole, and KisMne had an in terest in the business. Mr. Burton learned that they had purchased the Martha Washing on, add were annoyed over the unfavorable circumstances lhat prevented her arrival. The vetsel put in an appearanct at last and steam'd out of the oily for New Or leans with a heavy invoice on board. On January 6, 1851, it watsooo developed that the steamer and the cargo were heavily insured. On January 14 1852. the boat was burned near Heleua, Ark., and sixteen lives were lost. The v doe of the produce was placid at $125,000 Early in the same year Mr Burton saw Adam Chapin In New York, en deavoring to secure the payment of his insurance policy for $100,000 and be ing satisfied that the burning of the steamer was an act of incendiarism he notified the insuranoe oompaoy and they refused to pay the policies. Tbe conspirators then sought to win Mr. Burton over <<> their side. He i-ays in his manuscript that tbey off-red him $1000 in addition to the Fiily and Chapin notes if he would assist in securing the payment of the insurance money. Then Mr. Burton thought to bring the criminals to justice. The insurance companies refused to assist him but In offered $50,000 of his own money and over $9000 contributed by a friend During his pursuit of the gang he tray eled 15,000 miles. He was constantly hounded, harassed and even threatened by Kissane and his frion s. Few per sons are aware that the emmissaries of Kissane were instrumental in causing Burton's death. In the summer of 1855 he visited New York, and, as had been the case throughout hi* travels in the United States and f inula, bis every movement was watohei by Kissane Early in the fall he became the victim of a mysterious illness and returned to his home. He lingered for months, bnt never recovered, dying on December Ist, 1885. The fact was established at tbe time that Kis-ane's friends had succeed ed in smuggling poison into bis food and his death resulted, despite the efforts of all physicians to save him. Mr. Burton, during his travels, wrote the book giving a detailed ace unt of the case, but it was never put into print. It was eu'irled "Drami of Crime, or Tragedies in Real Life." According to the preface the book contains, among other things, a complete confession by Wm. Kissane. A'King Mrs. Bnu man's papers are .several interesting letters, one from Gen-ral Francis J. Darr of San Francisoo, bearing tbe date of July 12th, 1886 General Darr says: lam a native of Cincinnati, a d of the firm of Gross & Dietrich. Our factory of candles, soaps and oils was destroyed in 1351 by tbe incendiary act of William KUsane. While we were preparing proofs other crimes came to light. Kissane had be come rich and prominent and bis intimates .knew nothing of his crimes. He was born in Ireland, emigrated to Canada, and whence to Cin cinnati in the forties. Finally he escaped the hnlter by the death of your father by no soning." Another letter is from John E'My, of Providence, R 1., a former officer of the Chemical Bink. It bears date Novembir 20, ISB6, and in it Mr. Eddy says: "Kissane was pardoned after your father's death. He went to Nicgaragua, and returned during the war and held some prominent positions. He now liv»s in luxury. John S Topp m, of New York, President of the Marine insurance Company, to k X s-ane's confession. Mrs. Boiiman his written to Recorder Smythe, ot N- w York, a letter, which will reach its destination on Monday, giving some information about the case. Col. C. W Dou'nleday, of this city, who was one of filibuster Walker's anjutan's in Nicaraugua, told a reporter last night that he knew Kissane when the latter was acting as commissary of the expedition. He says Kissane was a fort of a desperado. Wnile it was known in Nicaragua that Kissane and Rogers were identical, the officers for some reason suspected that he was the same man that was mixed up in the Martha Washington disaster. San Francisco, April 3 — There seems to be no doubt among those in a positi n to know that the statement published yesterday in the CaV/ernia Demokrat (Germai ), of this city, regarding Kissane and telegraphed last night, is absolutely correct and that Wm, Ki>sine and Col Wm K. Rogers, the weal hy citizen of this State, living at Sonoma, are one and the same person. This fact has been known to several people in this city for three days, but, out of consideration for his family and connections in this Sate, it has not been made known. The California Demokrat was the first to roveal Kis sane's identity, but nothing beyond what was tclegrnphed here last night from Cleveland has been mentioned on the subject. Kiss ne's, or R 'dger's, connections by marriage are among the wealthiest and most prominent people in this city. KISSANE AGAIN. Who Reformed WHEN HE STRUCK THE COAST, They Draw the Line at Color. Montgomery, Ala., April 3.—The , Montgomery companies, the Greys and i Bines, to night officially resolved to I withdraw from the National drill to be 1 held at Washington. A telegram from ' the Atlanta R fl-s to the Montgomery i military says they will follow Montgom- 1 cry's example and withdraw. Their 1 action is caused by the entry of two 1 colored companies for contest. Burned to Death. I Mitchell, Dak., April 3.—The charred remains of Mrs. John Maniece, | living twelve mil's south of here, were j found in the burned debris of her house this morning. The lira occurred at 10 . o'clock on Friday night. Her husband is in California. There is somo room to suspect foul play. Powder Plots at Illadrld. Madrid, April 3.—During the sitting of the Chamber of Deputies yesterday, a parchment case containing gunpowder, within which was a metallic cartridge with a fuse attached, was found in the doorway of the President's bureau. Later in the eveuing a petard was ex ploded in the vestibule adjoining the offices of the Ministry of Finance and the windows were broken by the con cussion. Nobody was hurt, but the two events have oaused much alarm. Exchanges for the Week. Boston. April 3.—Dispatches to tbe Pott from the managers of tbe leading clearing houses of the United States show I that tbe gross exchangee for the week endj ling April 2nd were 91,029,684,111, an i \ inoiease of 11.5 per cent, over the cor i responding week kut y,ear. A. N. TOWNE. those places where competition exists. Yet this is what tbe law makers boped to accomplish, and what the shipper of the interior of the country. The traffic between tbe two seaboards for tbe last few years has been largely diverted from the ooean to the railroad by offering the merchant low rates and rapid transit. Tbis is what the shippers here and the carriers want now under the provisions of the new law, and both look for a decision accordingly from the Commissioners or tbe Courts; until that is reached there will come much barm and embarrass ment. But we here will not be alone in our trouble; tbe whole country, com pelled so suddenly to adapt itself to im practical methods for regulation, cannot avoid the evils which are sure to follow; and the sooner tbe Commissioners get tcgetber and grant the exemption neoes sary to relieve tbe carriers, the better it will be for all. , His Opinion of Interstate HE CALLS IT A KNOTTY LAW. The Railroads Not Opposed to It but Trying- to Under stand it. The following opinion of General Manager Towne, of the Bonthern Pacific Company, concerning tbe principles and operation of the Interstate Commerce bill will be read with much interest by merchants and shippers: It is not true as charged by some that the railroads sre doing all in their pow er to make the law odious; on tbe con trary the roads are doing all in their power to weave the web of their ideas into the whole knotty fabrio in suoh a manner as to make the final produot harmonious and without law. There are other fallacious ideas em bodied in the law in its attempt to regu late carriers under tbe pretense of regu lating commerce, from which confusion and demoralization must come; yet the prinoipal thing necessary for us over here is a satisfactory disposition of the question above particularly referred to. Yours truly, A. N. Towne. "Dear sir: I regret that I was so much occu) ied yesterday afternoon that I was not able to give you answers to some of your questions relative to tbe workings of tbe interstate law, and in fulfilling my promise to write you on he subject, Ido so merely to tbrow out «ome binis regarding a subject I know so little about. I am not unmindful of the demornl ziog condition of things at tbe present lime pertaining to the carriers and their patrons, but the press and the people must be patient and wait. Order can not be brought out of chaos in a mo ment. Such an enormous amount of work as is necessary to change tbe tariffs from wbat they were to those which must prevail under tbe new law re quires time. We hear complaints of an advance of rates on freight to high fig ures to and from the Pacific slope. This is not true in tbe common acceptance of the term. The only rates to g > into •II ct under the law are substantially a combination of vatious local rates over connecting lines, with a considerable percentage of reductions on loug hauls. This tariff is "11 right, and substantially whit it has been in the past; and the public and the roads will be all right if ihe latter cau b.> assured of safety in eslabliehmg a competitive tariff, to cu bic tbe people here to ship at low rates, as heretofore, until the much-vexed question of tbe loug and short haul pro visions is dit posed of by the commission ers. The first railroad train ever lighted by electricity in the United States left Bos ton for New York yesterday. The gen eral adoption of this method of illum ination would dispose of one of the twin nightmares of travel. It would suppress the oar lamp, and with steam heating to abolish tbe car stove, the practice of wholesale cremation in wrecks would be discontinued. It is certainly time that the methods of heating and lighting cars should be improved. With the marvelous devel opment in all tbe other branches of rail road work, these departments have re mained in primitive crudity. Formerly it was the custom to intensify the gloom of night on the rail by exaggerated candles, thrust up into glass globes. These have been generally super seded by oil lamps, but the change can not be considered an improvement. The slight gain in the power of distinguish ing surrounding objects is counterbal anced by the danger of what the head liner would, for once, be nearly right in calling a "holocaust." And, after all, it is of small importance whether a car is more or less dark, so long as it is not light. Reading, cither with the candles or lamps, is out of the question to one who considers his eyes of any value. The few cars which are really well lighted, such as those of tbe New York elevated railroads, and some finely equipped sleepers, serve only to emphasize the general obscurity. The introduction of elee'ricity would carry travelers at one bound from dark ness and danger to light and safety. The abolition of the car stove, of course, even more important than that of tbe oar lamp. In an accident, a con flagration from lamps is only a possi bility, but from stoves is practically a certainty. Any shock powerful enough to smash the cars, is powerful enough to scatter burning coals through the wreck. The recent succession of horrible disast ers in the east has forced this subject into notice, aud the experiments with safe methods of heating make it clear that the stove will soon have to go. When the twin improvements are generally adopted, winter travelling will become popular. Life in a cheerful car, com fortably warmed by steam and brightly illuminated by the soft radiance of the incandescent electric light, will be en durable even in a snow blockade.—S. F. Post. Let any one read some of tbe sections of this law carefully and ask themselves if they would care to take tbe chances, r-i a railroad company must, of having 100 or more suits per day filed against them. As an illustration, let the roads, under the law, tuke a carload of freigbt from New York to San Francisco, at say $1 per 100 pounds, to meet ocean compe tition, and at the same time take along another car for Denver, say at Si 50 per 100 pounds. The Denver merchant would doubtless, under his construction of the law, at once set his lawyer to work —at the expense of the railroad compa ny, so far as attorney's fees are con cerned—and at the same time, perhaps, manage to have his own clerks drawn as jurymen; this action to come up in a local court, which might be more or less imbued with the false theory that the lesser distance should not be charged for at a higher rate than one more remote, even though the latter may have natu ral facilities and active competition, all beyond tbe reaoh of tbe law. With these things ever before us, no one will wonder that we are admon ished to move with great caution. I am aware that the most serious ap prehensions are entertained by many relative to the results to come out of ibis new law, largely on account of the vague and ambiguous wording of some of its sections. For instance, take the term "substantially similar circumstan ces and conditions;" this must be given the most liberal construction by the commissioners or the courts. I say by the commissioners or the courts, for tbe reason that the roads cannot safely in terpret this clause, however much they may desire to do so; and the heavy and cumulative penalties imposed in every case tor a violation of the law will ever be before the carrier; and for this reason alone you will see that it is a question which must be determined by others. And their rulings must be c'eirly in favor of a tariff which will meet the rates quoted by carriers not subjeot to the law. I say must, for the reason that the publio cannot and Will not consent to go back to the old-time routes of car riage so long as the modern and expe ditious methods can be opened up again under a liberal construction of the law. In fact, the practical laws governing the movement of traffic for the past, which has come up with the growth and settle ment of the country, must be the basis tor the movement of commeroe in the future, and the sooner this is settled the better it will be for tbe publio and the roads as well. We inquired last week when our new Southern Pacific depot was to be com menced, and before we finished mailing the papers the carpenters were on the ground. About twenty men are at work and the building will be pushed to com pletion in the course of three or four weeks. We have examined the plane and elevations, and can congratulate Ontario on securing a very handsome and commodious building. The waiting room will be 24x16, the office 10x17, and there will be two smaller rooms on the ground floor of the passenger depot, the second story being finished as a suite of four living rooms for the agent. There will be a baggage-room just west of tbe present freight depot 12x14, the freight house being 66x25, The elevations show that the ornamental finish will be pleas ing in an unusual degree, and the build ing will be an ornament to the town. The general style of the building is the same as the new one at Pomona, and we suppose it will be in order for us to claim it as the finest depot between Los Angeles and Yuma, that claim having been made already with reference to six or seven others.—[Ontario Record. The carriers are diligently at work and will be ready to present to the com missiom rs in good lime an appeal for recogni'ion of the principle that water competition must be met by the roads, and the shippers, backed by tbe press of this coast, should at once make them selves clearly understood in their de mands for an honest, reasonable and in telligent interpretation of this much tasgled question relating to long and -hurt hauls. There was muoh discus sion in Congress over this ambiguous section of the law, yet for some reason a clear definition was not arrived at, or there would likely have been a change in the wording, making it so clear that anyone with fair reasoning capacity would have un derstood it. One is almost per suaded that the obscure language was chosen for two purposes: First, to con vince the people of tbe interior that they were to be favored by a reduction of rates based on and brought down to the level of tbe through competitive rates, and thereby attempting ta satisfy an un reasonable chum.r; and, second, to as sure at the same time those favored by the laws of nature and by their geo graphical position that tbey, too, would be protected by their dissimilarly situ ated condition. And since this was left undi c ded, who except the Commissioc ers or the conrts was to determine it,ami what degree of elasticity in tbe interpre tation of it would be necessary to accomplish both, and satisfy the people of the interior of this vast country, and those as well on the great water ways ? The carriers have no right to place a less favorably situated shipper on an equality with one more favorable situ ated; neither has Congress this right; and it is not a good, square business proposition when applied to othtr call ings, and it will not do when applied to transportation. The people of the most favored localities, namely, those en the conj* and along the great wster ways of the interior, make their own best rates with the carriers by w*er, and the rail roads must accept this rajs as their own fer such competitiTe IRmo, or they cannot expect to take it; therefore there is no reason nor justice in the idea- that non-competitive places should be favor tbjf considered in tale matter of rates as Not long since Mr. Jacob Schram made a tour of observation through Mis sour:, Ohio and New York and other eastern cities, in connection with the manufacture and sale of wines. In Missouri be found a man who annually makes from the grapes of a small vine yard 150,T00 gallons of what he sells for wine. In Ohio he came across a man rolling in wealth accumulated from the manufacture and sale of the worst "Blush" ever sold under tbe name of wine. The Ohio stuff is sold in New York at very low figures. He visited many wholesale wine and liquor houses in St. Louis, New York and other Eaat ern cities and found very little pure ("alitor ia niae. Keal pure California wine in bottles labeled as sneh oould cot he had. It was invariably uuder a foreign label. Most of the wine sold under the foreign labels came from Cal ifornia and gave entire satisfaction to customers who pay high prices for it. Men »ii> sold these false labels admitted that they were doing it, and they said they could not afford not to do it.—[St. Helena Tim-s. Washington, 4pril 3.—Mr. Joseph H. Bradley died at his residence in West Washington this afternoon, of general debility, aged 84. He had been engaged in conducting many of tbe most celebrat ed rases in the District, including the trial of Mrs. Surrat for conspiracy in the Lincoln assassination plot. The Pope* Bealfna. Rom*, April 3.—The Pope has sent a confidential communication to the Prus- \ itian Bishop* inviting suggestions * to' .the feasibility of establishing a Nuncia ture at Berlin for Prussia, and one Sun ' ciatare for the whole of Germany. CHICAGO. Gas Men Will Not Accept Lower Wages. A MEETING OF THE WORKMEN. Carpenters Renewing- the Strug-Rle For an Increase in Salary and Less Honrs. Associated Press Disnatches to the Huui Chicago, April 3.—Tbe Consumers' Gas Light and Coke Company baa noti fied its 500 employes that they mast submit to a reduction of fifty and twenty cents per day, threatening, it is said, to use coal oil unless tbe men comply. The officials of the company claim to be able to make a fair profit when paying the present wages of $2.50 and $2 for an eight - bonr day. They wish the men to work twelve hours per dsy at an advance of 50 and 40 cents. The use of coal as fuel would dispense with 450 of 500 employees. This afternoon the men who are mem bers of the Kuigbt* of Labor assemblies 7448 and 6755 met and determined to insist upon the present scale of hoars and pay. A committee was appointed to inform tbe company of the result of tbe meeting. Six thousand five hundred osrrenters employed by tbe various contractors and shop-owners throughout Ihe city sad suburbs will cease work tomorrow morning, and the building operalions of this county will be suspended indefinite ly. The leaders of tbe carpenters, who have had a long struggle for their demand of eight hours wirk and an mcr ase of wages, decided then to renew the contest and think that now when the building enterpriaa is reviving ai d carpc-ulers are wanted tbe time has arrived to make employ cm yield. Three months ago the Council gave no. tico to employes that at tbe beginning of April ihe men would demand h rty iive' cent, an hour, eight hours to constitute a day's work. Wages have been aver aging twenty-five cents and hours bats) varied between eight and ten. The conference to arrange a settle ment was formally requested from em ployers but the master carpenters bare, to all appearances, studiously ignored the whole movement. To-day a mass meeting of carpenters was held in Battery "D" Armory to discuss tbe ad visability of a general strike. Over 6000 men were present., Wjn. Kliver President of tbe Chicago Trades Assem bly presided. It was a secret meeting, every man of the 6JOO having to present his carpenter's trade card in order to gain admission. President Kliver made a long speech, reviewing tbe situation; that the carp nters were tbe most abused men in the building trades; they were paid the lowest wages, while their work was as bard and indispensable as that ot the brick layers, and masons who earned almost double as much a year ago. Tbe carpenters' strike was a failure simply because their organization was weak in < numbers and totally lacked funds. Now they were strong and should right their wrongs. After a similar speech in German a resolution that all work cease to-morrow unless the demand was granted was , read. Then arose W. H. Biley, a mem ber of the Knights of Labor, District Assembly 24, of which Robert Nelson, the United Labor candidate for Mayor, is the Master Workman. Riley, in a rattling speech for a resolution, boldly told the 6000 men listening that the victory at the polls for the labor ticket meant also victory for the carpenters, and urged them to "do their duty." He was enthusiastically applauded. Editor Albert Curiin, Aug ust Spies' successor as editor of the Arbeiler Zeitung, was tbe next speaker. The gist of Curlin's speech was that tbe carpenters were foolish if they did not strike when they bad such a chance. His German hearers he said, address ing them in their native language should do everything in their power to defeat Roche, the servant of the capital ists and tbe tool of the temperance cranks. The English speaking portion of the audience began to grow restive while Curiin was speakirg in German, and cut him short with jeers and cat calls, though the Germans applauded vigorously. At this moment Paul Grattkan, the Milwaukee Socialist, appeared at the entrsnce to the hall and applied for ad mission. He showed an invitation from the Hermans Union to address tbe meeting. When bis presence, wss made known to the meeting n storm of objections arose, tbe English-speaking element emphatically protesting ngainst any words from bim. The Germans seemed outraged, but de cided to avoid discord and Grattkan smilingly acquiesced. They were soothed with a speech from Secretary Brennock and a French Canadian named Beaudry. A motion to strike was then put and carried unanimously, with three cbeem for Nelson and the eight-hour movement. Tbe meeting adjourned, the men under standing that none of them are to re sume work until all the employers have given in or tbe strike as a whole is de clared a failure. Drouth in Texas. Galveston, April 3.—There are indi cations of the prevalence of a serious drouth throughout the state, affecting in a large measure its agricultural as well as its livostook interests. The drouth may bo said to be tbe continuation of last year's dry spell, as no general rains have fallen through tbe interior since lsat September, while local showers have been few and inadequate during the past six months. The drouth now extends over the great cotton belt, jeopardizes the outlook for the coming crop by retardinu and preventing plant ing which is usually in full pro gress at this season, but can soarcely be said to have com menced (except in the oonst counties) owing to the extreme dryness of tbe earth. Along the coast ootton is np and reports from several points speak of some damage by frost the past few nights. I'nuHdrreS at Sea. Baltimore, Apail ;l.— The American basa private dispatch from J. E. Pall, of Pall & Co., fruit importers of this city, dated from the quarantine off Status Island, stating that the steamship Sara gossa. owned by their firm and used as a fruit vessel, had foundered at tea, off the coast of Bermuda, bnt that all oa I board were saved. Railroad Improvements. Our New Depot. Impure Wines. Death of an Old Lawyer. NO. 164.