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Los Angeles daily herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1884-1890, April 04, 1887, Image 1

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Railroad Accident at the
The "Mexico" a Total Wreck—The
Safe of the Del Monte
Found Intact.
Associated Press Dispatches to the Herald.
Portland, Or., April 3.—A frightful
accident occurred on Wednesday on the
East End switob, over the Northern Pa.
oifio, baok of the Cascades at Stampede
pass, where the b : g tunnel is being
bored. A big engine used for mountain
work being out of order, a six-wheeled
engine was substituted. It had nearly
reached the end of the track, laid a mile
np the mountain, when the engineer
found he oould no longer hold it on the
steep grade. As it started back down
the hill the engineer .and fireman
jumped off into the deep snow and es
caped uninjured. The cog ne gathered
speed as it went, and was running at the
rate of a hundred miles an hour when it
came to a curved trestle where carpen
ters were working, and it was upon
them before they were aware of it. One
man was killed outright, and another
bad his legs cut off Another lay flat on
the trestle at the curve, and the engine
and car jumped completely over him
into the can >v a hundred feet below.
James IflorrUsey throw* Up the
Sponge after Hvo Itonnils.
Sacramento, April 3 —Early this
morning, on the Riverside road, Tom
Avery of Sap Francisco, and James
Morrissey of this city, engaged in a bare
knuckle tight in the presence of about
sixty Sacramento bloods Avery weighed
140 pounds and Morrissey 150. The
former was in the best condition, and in
the betting he was a favorite by two to
one. In the fifth and last ro md the
fighters clinched and fell to the ground.
Morrissey whs beneath. His ankle was
b\dly sprained and he was obliged to
throw up the sponge. Bjth were con
siderably punished, Avery about the
body and Morrissey about the face, his
cheek being laid open. His nose and lip
were badly out. The fight was for a
$100 purse and both men fought to win.
The tickets to witness the fight were
A new ltaliau ministry.
Rome, April 3.—The formation of a
new cabinet has been virtually accom
plished. Signor Depretis becomes min
ister of Foreigu Affaire; Crispi, minister
of tbe Interior; Signor Viule, of War;
Signor Zanardelli, of Justice, aim
Sarraceo, of Puolio Works. Iv
other departments the present
ministers retain their portfolios.
Tbe Handsome (Steamship Be
comes a Total Wreck.
Sfattle, April 3.—The steamship
Mexico, whioh was reported last night
to be a total wreck, was wrecked while
returning from Nanaiuio in Plumper's
Pass. At low tide her bow only is to be
seen. Captain Huntington thinks she
can be raised. He and some of
the officers remain at the scene of tbe
wreck. No lives were lost. The crew
has been taken to Victoria. At the time
of the accident the vessel was in com
mand of Captain Dan Morrison, an
experienced British Columbia pilot.
The Mexico was built in 1881 at San
Francisco, for the Mexican trade, and
has been running for several years now
in the Pacific Coast Steamship Com
pnnv's employ. She was valued at
$300,000 and well insured.
Destruction of a Church.
London, April 3. —The roof of the
ohurch at Lingnglossa, Sicily, fell with
out warning during the services yester
day, buryiug beneath it one hnndred
persons, forty of whom were killed and
The Hotel Del Monte Sal c Founf
Montkrky, April 3.—The site where
lately stood the Hotel del Monte was
surrounded to-day by a crowd of curious
people, who gszed sadly at the wreck.
The safe, which contained a large quan
tity of valuables, was taken from the
debris to-day and opened. The jewelry
and coin were found uninjured. Some
checks were also found preserved, but a
quantity of greenbacks and valuable
documents were destroyed. The work
of removing the debris, preparatory to
beginning a new structure, will begin to
New Railroad Company.
Walla Walla, W. T., April 3.—
Representatives of the Farmers' Union
from Umatilla, Columbia and Walla
Walla counties held a convention at
"Walla Walla and appointed as directors
to organize a railroad company: J. F.
Boyar, J. M. Cornwall, Frank Londan,
W. P. Peser, Orla Hull of Walla Walla,
John Bruce, W. Denny of Waitsburg.
Nathan Pierce, of Milton, and John
Brining, of Dayton. The said directors
filed articles incorporating the Walla
Walla and Pnget Sound Railroad Com
pany, with a capital stock of $2,000,000.
J. F. Boyer is President, and the head
office is at Walla Walla. The purpose
is th ■ building of a line from Walla Walla
to connect with the Northern Pacific
and lines elsewhere in Eis tern Wash
ington and Oregon, wherever needed by
the farmers.
People of Petalnma.
Pbtalcma, April 3.—The Board of [
Trade held their first annual meeting for
the eleotion of a Board of Directors, i
The former Board was re-elected with '
the exception of two. M. D.
Hopkins and J. A. McNear were
elected. Much enthusiasm was shown 1
in the proposed railway to Sebastopol
and the lower valley. It was unanim
ously resolved to co-oporate with the
people of that location and $100,000 in
stock was promised from citizens of this
There is no need of rain on the higher
linde. ,
The Judges Coming.
San Francisco, April 3.—The Jus
tices oftthe State Supreme Court left to
day in time to arrive and open Cotfrt to
morrow afternoon at 9 o'clock for the
regular term at Los Angeles.
Crop Report.
Chicago, April 3.—The Farmers' He
view, in its crop report for the week,
says: "Reports from the winter wheat
growing States are still of a favorable
tenor, the majority of reports indicating
that fall-sown grain is in full average
condition. The weather continues dry
to Missouri and Kansas, and there is a
great lack of moisture, partiaAarly in
the last-named State, but as yet tbe crop
has not been seriously injured on this
account. Over a widely distributed area
in Michigan and Wisconsin the land is
still under snow."
She U a I.oiik way from He In*;
Boston, April 3.—The steamer Soy
thia arrived at her dock tafely soon af
ter 5 o'clock to-night. The startling
rumors of a the coast of
Scituate to the Cunard steamer Scythia,
in circulation, which caused tremen
dous consternation in this city last
night have been proven false. Owing to
to the fact that the telegraphic com
munication with the south shore had
been interrupted by a storm, it was im
possible last night to either confirm the
rumor or to disprove it. Ciroumstauces
were so peculiarly favorable to the belief
in the - truth of the report, however,
I hat Agent MartiD, of the Cunard Com
pany, rather than endure such natural
suspense, determined to charter a train
and go at. once to the locality of the
alleged wreck. The train It ft
Old Colony station at 4:15 A. m.,
with Mr. Martin and thirty reporter
on board and arrived at Scituate at 4:16
Tnen the party tramped through three
mill a of snow drift* to the breach where,
the sun having risen, a dear view of a
long stretch of the coast was obtained.
There was no sign of a wreck in any
direction. The sea was tremendously
high, waves breaking over the tops of
the cliffs fifty feet high. Having been
convinced of the falsity of the
rumor concerning the Boythis, the
party returned at once to Boston.
How the rumor originated is not known
but there is no doubt it was generally
believed to be true last night. The
Scythia was expected to arrive yester
day and the fact in connection with the
horrible gale that had been prevailing
on the coast for 48 hours caused a wide
spread feeling of apprehension.
The Story of a Forger,
But Who Caused the Death of Many
People by His Former
Associated Press Dispatches t."> the Herald.
Nkw York, April 3.—The Tribune
to-day has a lung article in regard to to
famous Bdly Kissane. It begins by
saying that Recorder Smyth did not re
ceive to day a written proof of the au
thority which he had asked J. B. Hart,
who declared himself counsel for Kis
eaue, to produce as evidence that he
was chosen attorney for Kissane. Then
follows a carefully worded statement,
which is attributed to an official who is
acquainted with every step that has
been taken. It points out that the in
dictment which Hart sought to have
nolle proitqaied was praclically out
lawed; that at no time did he ever
stand in any danger of prosecution under
it, as he had been pardoued for an
offence committed at the same time;
that aside from a sentimental desire to
have the matter settled there was no
rea-on why he should have done any
thing about it; that the most uaturul
thing, if ha had consulted a good
lawyer, would have been to communicate
with a good lawyer here and have had
the thing done quietly, instead of stir
ring up ihe matter as has been done. And
so the article proceeds at considerable
hngth, having much to be read between
the times. At oue point it points out the
difference that Hart instead of being
Kissane's attorney, appears rather as
aiding his enemies by stirring up the
matter; at another point referring to the
amount of feeling which he displayed
who. tears sprang to his eyes. It l ay. a
the inference to be drawn that his rela
tion to the case is closer than that of an
attorney —such, for instance, as "a rela
tive under an assumed name." It assert;
that Mr Hart has made several visits to
the city in regard to trie matter, the first
nearly a year ago. The article continues:
"News was received in this city early
in the afternoon that Kissane's present
name had been revealed in San Francis
co, and that the whole history of his
career had been simultaneously told
The Tribune reporter called upon
George G. Williams, President of
the Chemical Bank, and he slated:
this reoort to him. Mr. Williams
thought a moment and then said that
the Chemical Bank had from the outset
declined to make Kissane's assumed
name known, leaving the identification
to come from other sources, should it
come at all. "Yet the name has not been
given out said Mr. Williams, adding: "Just
wait a moment." He left his private of
fice for two or three minutes and, after
consultation, returned with a telegraph
message covering four or five telegraph
blanks and said: "I have received this
telegram from General Darr, and I will
read you a line of it," and Mr. Williams
ran his eyes over the telegram and then
read aloud: "I have revealed Kissane's
identity." Then Mr. Williams said:
"You will have to wait till the name is
telegraphed from San Francisco and get
the information that way. I am sorry
for Kissane's family that this matter
should come out, but from all I can see
tt is the fault of his lawyer, J. B. Hart,
who came on here to have the indict
ment qu is hed. Hart did not g t
quietly what he wauled at the
District Attorney's oflico, and so be
appeared in open court and attracted
public attention to the whole natter.
Not content with that be began abusing
General Darr, who had been nearly
mined by Kissane's rascality, and the
result is that General Darr has revealed
the mail's identity. Hart's handling of
the matter is the worst piece
of bungling I ever heard of. The
bank did not know that be
was here or that the matter was going
on nutil Hart appeared iv open court.
He has not been near us as you may
naturally expect." "Did you know
before that Kis-ane was living in or neßr
Sau Francisco under an assumed name?"
Mr. Williams was asked. "Yes," said
he, "we knew of it a year ago."
Mr. Williams was asked aoout
that phase of the matter which
presents Kissane as a repentant crim
inal, who had long been leading a re
pentant life. "That is not so," he re
plied promptly. "Kissane is bad
through and through. He is a wonder
fully bright man and equally as bad.
He has been leading a bad lite since he
left here. So far from being reformed,
the last time I heard of him he was on a
spree. He not only nearly ruined Gen.
Dare, hut after he became prosperous
and General Darr recognized him he re
fused to make good the sum, for the loss
of which he was responsible. He him
self is deserving of no sympathy; I am
sorry for his family, however." As to
the statement that Kissane had com
mitted forgeries on the American
or Continental Bank, Mr. Williams
s»id that the papers merely passed
through theso banks, the loss falling
upon the Chemical Bank. While at Sing
Sing Kißsane offered to make a full con
fession of the Martha Washington steam
boat conspiracy. He was liberated and
made a full confession of the efforts to
secure the insurance. The coufession
occupied about 100 pages of foolsoap.
His gang was one of the most complete
organizations ever ki o wa in this country.
He violated his promise to the insurance
companies and fled to Nicaragua where,
under an assumed name, it was reported
that ho been shot. His oaieer in Cali
fornia under another assumed name
is well known.
Cleveland, 0., April 3.—The Leader
wilt to-monow publish uu another inter
esting installment of the .tory of Sidney
C Burton's efforts to run down William
Kissane. It says: "Ev.ry detail of
this case has been preserved in manu
script, and is now in the possesion of
the daughter of Barton, Mrs. trances
H. Bourn in, of 95 Sute street. The docu
mentary evidence includes the manuscript
of the book written by Mr. Burton and a
voluminous correspondence with persons
interested in the case, complete the story
of Kissane's carreer. In 1851 Mr. Bur
ton had been established for eight years
as the proprietor of a leather and woolen
warehouse. He conducted a prosper
ous business and among his correspond
ents were Filly * Chaiin, a leather fac
tory lo ated in Cincinnati. In Novem
ber he held their notes for $2500 and
owned 2200 sheepskins which were stored
in the*r warehouse. On December 26,
1861, he visited Cincinnati and found
that the tinm bad made an assignment.
They were succeeded by Lyman Cole, a
man who was subsequently arrested in
A Murderer Killed.
Socorro, N. M., April 3.—The Brown
brothers, William and John, lately es
caped from the St. Johns, Ariz., jail,
and supposed to have been concerned in
the late wreck of a train on the Atlantic
and Paoific railroad, have been in this
vicinity for the past two days, and to-day
John was captured and William killed
by officers who were in pur-uit. They
were overtaken east of the Rio Grande,
near this place, and when called upon to
surrender opened tire upon the pursuing
party. The fire was returneß, which re
sulted in William being shot through the
heart. Besides tbe train wrecking tbe
Browns are wanted for the killing of
Lynch and other crimes.
California vs. Florida.
The Boston Journal, in a recent issue,
"There is mourning among the land
lords of Florida. The winter crop of
tourists has failed and the hotels of the
interior are almost empty. This la
mentable state of affairs is attributed to
tbe diversion of winter travel to Califor
The train-loads of visitors which are
daily arriving from the ice-bound re
gions east ot the Rocky mountains,
attest unmistakably their preference for
the sunny skies and balmy atmosphere
of California as compared with any point
on the Atlantic coast. Tbe advan
tages which the climate of California
presents, in a sanitary point of view,
needed only to be known to attract
hither the vast concourse of health and
njeasuro seekers which are now crowding
our hotels to their utmost capacity. Those
who have spent one winter in Califor
nia will not pass one out of it if they can
avoid it. Florida has the advantage of
proximity to Eastern homes and conse
quent cbeapnees of transportation, but
the superior advantages of California far
outweigh the drawbacks of distanco and
expenses of traveling. Florida is sub
ject to cold waves, which sweep fur
down tbe peninsula, causing sudden and
violent changes, exceedingly detrimental
to those suffering from lung complaints,
und physicians are accordingly rocom
mending their patients, who can bear
the fatigue and expense of the journey
to try the revivifying atmosphere of
California. The present admirable ar
rangements for comfort and convenience
provide I by the railroad companies, re
duce fatigue to a minimum, and the ex
pense, at exoursion prices, is by no
means burdensome. The sudden transi
tion from Boreal gales, snow-mantled
hills and ice-fettered streams to green
fields and blooming dowers, fills the soul
of tbe Eastern visitor with delight, while
the odor of orange blossoms and the trees
laden with their golden fruit, convey to
their gratified senses a realization of the
Paradise which has opened before them.
Nevada County.
The pounding of the quartz stamp*
can be beard in all parts of the district
now. The miners are busy and there
seem to be no idlers among them.
The tunnel on the Grunt quartz mine
on the Middle Yuba is in a distance ot
eighty-seven feet and the ledge is near
at hand.
A cleanup of twenty-three loads of
quartz from the Horseshoe mice imp just
been made at Southern's custom mill, on
Wolf oreek, which gave a yield of
$24 25 a load, independent of the sol
phurets. There was some waste rock in
the quartz, otherwise the result would
have been larger. The Horseshoe folks
are well satisfied, and look for good
yields from the mine in the future.—
[G. V. Union.
Mr. Gautbicr to day informed us that
the Crown Point miue has been sold
this time for a oertainty. He has signed
the deed. We understand, not from
Mr. Gautbier however, that the price
paid was $125 000. We are very sure
that not a dollar above the value of the
vroperty was paid by the purchasers.
The Crown point is going to make a big
history as a gold producer, as the own
ers are men who understand mining.—
[G V. Tiding*.
The shaft of the North Star mine is
being sunk to the sixteenth level. The
ledge is strong, showing a width of two
feet, and the ore ia of good quality.
The new North Star mill is running on
good paying ore, as shown by the sflver
plates being well coated with amalgam.
The shaft of the Empire mine is being
sunk for the seventeenth level. The
ledge at the bottom averages one and
a half feet in width.—[Grass Valley
Union. r
New York on a charge of having been
implicated with Kissane in the bank
forgery. When Mr. Burton asked for
the payment of the notes and the re
turn of the sheepskins he was in
formed that he oould go to the
devil, with the rest ojf the creditors
Captain Commings, woo comrnnnded
the Martha Washington was an intimate
friend of Cole, and KisMne had an in
terest in the business. Mr. Burton
learned that they had purchased the
Martha Washing on, add were annoyed
over the unfavorable circumstances lhat
prevented her arrival. The vetsel
put in an appearanct at last and
steam'd out of the oily for New Or
leans with a heavy invoice on board. On
January 6, 1851, it watsooo developed
that the steamer and the cargo were
heavily insured. On January 14 1852.
the boat was burned near Heleua, Ark.,
and sixteen lives were lost. The v doe
of the produce was placid at $125,000
Early in the same year Mr Burton
saw Adam Chapin In New York, en
deavoring to secure the payment of
his insurance policy for $100,000 and be
ing satisfied that the burning of the
steamer was an act of incendiarism he
notified the insuranoe oompaoy and
they refused to pay the policies. Tbe
conspirators then sought to win Mr.
Burton over <<> their side. He i-ays in
his manuscript that tbey off-red him
$1000 in addition to the Fiily and Chapin
notes if he would assist in securing the
payment of the insurance money. Then
Mr. Burton thought to bring the
criminals to justice. The insurance
companies refused to assist him but In
offered $50,000 of his own money and
over $9000 contributed by a friend
During his pursuit of the gang he tray
eled 15,000 miles. He was constantly
hounded, harassed and even threatened
by Kissane and his frion s. Few per
sons are aware that the emmissaries of
Kissane were instrumental in causing
Burton's death. In the summer of 1855
he visited New York, and, as had been
the case throughout hi* travels in the
United States and f inula, bis every
movement was watohei by Kissane
Early in the fall he became the victim of
a mysterious illness and returned to his
home. He lingered for months, bnt
never recovered, dying on December Ist,
1885. The fact was established at tbe
time that Kis-ane's friends had succeed
ed in smuggling poison into bis food
and his death resulted, despite the
efforts of all physicians to save him.
Mr. Burton, during his travels, wrote
the book giving a detailed ace unt of the
case, but it was never put into print.
It was eu'irled "Drami of Crime, or
Tragedies in Real Life." According to
the preface the book contains, among
other things, a complete confession by
Wm. Kissane. A'King Mrs. Bnu
man's papers are .several interesting
letters, one from Gen-ral Francis
J. Darr of San Francisoo, bearing tbe
date of July 12th, 1886 General Darr
says: lam a native of Cincinnati, a d
of the firm of Gross & Dietrich. Our
factory of candles, soaps and oils was
destroyed in 1351 by tbe incendiary act
of William KUsane. While we
were preparing proofs other crimes
came to light. Kissane had be
come rich and prominent and
bis intimates .knew nothing of
his crimes. He was born in Ireland,
emigrated to Canada, and whence to Cin
cinnati in the forties. Finally he escaped
the hnlter by the death of your father by
no soning." Another letter is from John
E'My, of Providence, R 1., a former
officer of the Chemical Bink. It bears
date Novembir 20, ISB6, and in
it Mr. Eddy says: "Kissane was
pardoned after your father's death.
He went to Nicgaragua, and returned
during the war and held some prominent
positions. He now liv»s in luxury.
John S Topp m, of New York, President
of the Marine insurance Company, to k
X s-ane's confession. Mrs. Boiiman
his written to Recorder Smythe, ot
N- w York, a letter, which will
reach its destination on Monday,
giving some information about the
case. Col. C. W Dou'nleday, of this
city, who was one of filibuster Walker's
anjutan's in Nicaraugua, told a reporter
last night that he knew Kissane when
the latter was acting as commissary of
the expedition. He says Kissane was a
fort of a desperado. Wnile it was
known in Nicaragua that Kissane and
Rogers were identical, the officers for
some reason suspected that he was the
same man that was mixed up in the
Martha Washington disaster.
San Francisco, April 3 — There seems
to be no doubt among those in a positi n
to know that the statement published
yesterday in the CaV/ernia Demokrat
(Germai ), of this city, regarding Kissane
and telegraphed last night, is absolutely
correct and that Wm, Ki>sine and Col
Wm K. Rogers, the weal hy citizen of
this State, living at Sonoma, are one
and the same person. This fact
has been known to several people
in this city for three days,
but, out of consideration for his family
and connections in this Sate, it has not
been made known. The California
Demokrat was the first to roveal Kis
sane's identity, but nothing beyond
what was tclegrnphed here last night
from Cleveland has been mentioned on
the subject. Kiss ne's, or R 'dger's,
connections by marriage are among the
wealthiest and most prominent people
in this city.
Who Reformed
They Draw the Line at Color.
Montgomery, Ala., April 3.—The ,
Montgomery companies, the Greys and i
Bines, to night officially resolved to I
withdraw from the National drill to be 1
held at Washington. A telegram from '
the Atlanta R fl-s to the Montgomery i
military says they will follow Montgom- 1
cry's example and withdraw. Their 1
action is caused by the entry of two 1
colored companies for contest.
Burned to Death. I
Mitchell, Dak., April 3.—The
charred remains of Mrs. John Maniece, |
living twelve mil's south of here, were j
found in the burned debris of her house
this morning. The lira occurred at 10 .
o'clock on Friday night. Her husband
is in California. There is somo room to
suspect foul play.
Powder Plots at Illadrld.
Madrid, April 3.—During the sitting
of the Chamber of Deputies yesterday, a
parchment case containing gunpowder,
within which was a metallic cartridge
with a fuse attached, was found in the
doorway of the President's bureau.
Later in the eveuing a petard was ex
ploded in the vestibule adjoining the
offices of the Ministry of Finance and
the windows were broken by the con
cussion. Nobody was hurt, but the two
events have oaused much alarm.
Exchanges for the Week.
Boston. April 3.—Dispatches to tbe
Pott from the managers of tbe leading
clearing houses of the United States show I
that tbe gross exchangee for the week endj
ling April 2nd were 91,029,684,111, an
i \ inoiease of 11.5 per cent, over the cor
i responding week kut y,ear.
those places where competition exists.
Yet this is what tbe law
makers boped to accomplish, and
what the shipper of the interior
of the country. The traffic between tbe
two seaboards for tbe last few years has
been largely diverted from the ooean to
the railroad by offering the merchant
low rates and rapid transit. Tbis is
what the shippers here and the carriers
want now under the provisions of the
new law, and both look for a decision
accordingly from the Commissioners or
tbe Courts; until that is reached there
will come much barm and embarrass
ment. But we here will not be alone
in our trouble; tbe whole country, com
pelled so suddenly to adapt itself to im
practical methods for regulation, cannot
avoid the evils which are sure to follow;
and the sooner tbe Commissioners get
tcgetber and grant the exemption neoes
sary to relieve tbe carriers, the better it
will be for all. ,
His Opinion of Interstate
The Railroads Not Opposed to It
but Trying- to Under
stand it.
The following opinion of General
Manager Towne, of the Bonthern Pacific
Company, concerning tbe principles and
operation of the Interstate Commerce
bill will be read with much interest by
merchants and shippers:
It is not true as charged by some that
the railroads sre doing all in their pow
er to make the law odious; on tbe con
trary the roads are doing all in their
power to weave the web of their ideas
into the whole knotty fabrio in suoh a
manner as to make the final produot
harmonious and without law.
There are other fallacious ideas em
bodied in the law in its attempt to regu
late carriers under tbe pretense of regu
lating commerce, from which confusion
and demoralization must come; yet the
prinoipal thing necessary for us over
here is a satisfactory disposition of the
question above particularly referred to.
Yours truly,
A. N. Towne.
"Dear sir: I regret that I was so
much occu) ied yesterday afternoon that
I was not able to give you answers to
some of your questions relative to tbe
workings of tbe interstate law, and in
fulfilling my promise to write you on
he subject, Ido so merely to tbrow out
«ome binis regarding a subject I know so
little about.
I am not unmindful of the demornl
ziog condition of things at tbe present
lime pertaining to the carriers and their
patrons, but the press and the people
must be patient and wait. Order can
not be brought out of chaos in a mo
ment. Such an enormous amount of
work as is necessary to change tbe
tariffs from wbat they were to those
which must prevail under tbe new law re
quires time. We hear complaints of an
advance of rates on freight to high fig
ures to and from the Pacific slope. This
is not true in tbe common acceptance of
the term. The only rates to g > into
•II ct under the law are substantially a
combination of vatious local rates over
connecting lines, with a considerable
percentage of reductions on loug hauls.
This tariff is "11 right, and substantially
whit it has been in the past; and the
public and the roads will be all right if
ihe latter cau b.> assured of safety in
eslabliehmg a competitive tariff, to cu
bic tbe people here to ship at low rates,
as heretofore, until the much-vexed
question of tbe loug and short haul pro
visions is dit posed of by the commission
The first railroad train ever lighted by
electricity in the United States left Bos
ton for New York yesterday. The gen
eral adoption of this method of illum
ination would dispose of one of the
twin nightmares of travel. It would
suppress the oar lamp, and with steam
heating to abolish tbe car stove, the
practice of wholesale cremation in wrecks
would be discontinued.
It is certainly time that the methods
of heating and lighting cars should be
improved. With the marvelous devel
opment in all tbe other branches of rail
road work, these departments have re
mained in primitive crudity. Formerly
it was the custom to intensify the gloom
of night on the rail by exaggerated
candles, thrust up into glass globes.
These have been generally super
seded by oil lamps, but the change can
not be considered an improvement. The
slight gain in the power of distinguish
ing surrounding objects is counterbal
anced by the danger of what the head
liner would, for once, be nearly right in
calling a "holocaust." And, after all, it
is of small importance whether a car is
more or less dark, so long as it
is not light. Reading, cither with
the candles or lamps, is out of
the question to one who considers his
eyes of any value. The few cars which
are really well lighted, such as those of
tbe New York elevated railroads, and
some finely equipped sleepers, serve only
to emphasize the general obscurity.
The introduction of elee'ricity would
carry travelers at one bound from dark
ness and danger to light and safety.
The abolition of the car stove, of
course, even more important than that
of tbe oar lamp. In an accident, a con
flagration from lamps is only a possi
bility, but from stoves is practically a
certainty. Any shock powerful enough
to smash the cars, is powerful enough to
scatter burning coals through the wreck.
The recent succession of horrible disast
ers in the east has forced this subject into
notice, aud the experiments with safe
methods of heating make it clear that
the stove will soon have to go. When
the twin improvements are generally
adopted, winter travelling will become
popular. Life in a cheerful car, com
fortably warmed by steam and brightly
illuminated by the soft radiance of the
incandescent electric light, will be en
durable even in a snow blockade.—S. F.
Let any one read some of tbe sections
of this law carefully and ask themselves
if they would care to take tbe chances,
r-i a railroad company must, of having
100 or more suits per day filed against
them. As an illustration, let the roads,
under the law, tuke a carload of freigbt
from New York to San Francisco, at say
$1 per 100 pounds, to meet ocean compe
tition, and at the same time take along
another car for Denver, say at Si 50 per
100 pounds. The Denver merchant
would doubtless, under his construction
of the law, at once set his lawyer to work
—at the expense of the railroad compa
ny, so far as attorney's fees are con
cerned—and at the same time, perhaps,
manage to have his own clerks drawn as
jurymen; this action to come up in a
local court, which might be more or less
imbued with the false theory that the
lesser distance should not be charged for
at a higher rate than one more remote,
even though the latter may have natu
ral facilities and active competition, all
beyond tbe reaoh of tbe law.
With these things ever before us, no
one will wonder that we are admon
ished to move with great caution.
I am aware that the most serious ap
prehensions are entertained by many
relative to the results to come out of
ibis new law, largely on account of the
vague and ambiguous wording of some
of its sections. For instance, take the
term "substantially similar circumstan
ces and conditions;" this must be given
the most liberal construction by the
commissioners or the courts. I say by
the commissioners or the courts, for tbe
reason that the roads cannot safely in
terpret this clause, however much they
may desire to do so; and the heavy and
cumulative penalties imposed in every
case tor a violation of the law will
ever be before the carrier; and for this
reason alone you will see that it is a
question which must be determined by
others. And their rulings must be c'eirly
in favor of a tariff which will meet the
rates quoted by carriers not subjeot to
the law. I say must, for the reason that
the publio cannot and Will not consent
to go back to the old-time routes of car
riage so long as the modern and expe
ditious methods can be opened up again
under a liberal construction of the law.
In fact, the practical laws governing the
movement of traffic for the past, which
has come up with the growth and settle
ment of the country, must be the basis
tor the movement of commeroe in the
future, and the sooner this is settled the
better it will be for tbe publio and the
roads as well.
We inquired last week when our new
Southern Pacific depot was to be com
menced, and before we finished mailing
the papers the carpenters were on the
ground. About twenty men are at work
and the building will be pushed to com
pletion in the course of three or four
weeks. We have examined the plane
and elevations, and can congratulate
Ontario on securing a very handsome
and commodious building. The waiting
room will be 24x16, the office 10x17, and
there will be two smaller rooms on the
ground floor of the passenger depot, the
second story being finished as a suite of
four living rooms for the agent. There
will be a baggage-room just west of tbe
present freight depot 12x14, the freight
house being 66x25, The elevations show
that the ornamental finish will be pleas
ing in an unusual degree, and the build
ing will be an ornament to the town.
The general style of the building is the
same as the new one at Pomona, and we
suppose it will be in order for us to
claim it as the finest depot between Los
Angeles and Yuma, that claim having
been made already with reference to six
or seven others.—[Ontario Record.
The carriers are diligently at work
and will be ready to present to the com
missiom rs in good lime an appeal for
recogni'ion of the principle that water
competition must be met by the roads,
and the shippers, backed by tbe press of
this coast, should at once make them
selves clearly understood in their de
mands for an honest, reasonable and in
telligent interpretation of this much
tasgled question relating to long and
-hurt hauls. There was muoh discus
sion in Congress over this ambiguous
section of the law, yet for some reason
a clear definition was not arrived at, or
there would likely have been a
change in the wording, making it
so clear that anyone with fair
reasoning capacity would have un
derstood it. One is almost per
suaded that the obscure language was
chosen for two purposes: First, to con
vince the people of tbe interior that they
were to be favored by a reduction of
rates based on and brought down to the
level of tbe through competitive rates,
and thereby attempting ta satisfy an un
reasonable chum.r; and, second, to as
sure at the same time those favored by
the laws of nature and by their geo
graphical position that tbey, too, would
be protected by their dissimilarly situ
ated condition. And since this was left
undi c ded, who except the Commissioc
ers or the conrts was to determine it,ami
what degree of elasticity in tbe interpre
tation of it would be necessary to
accomplish both, and satisfy the people
of the interior of this vast country, and
those as well on the great water ways ?
The carriers have no right to place a
less favorably situated shipper on an
equality with one more favorable situ
ated; neither has Congress this right;
and it is not a good, square business
proposition when applied to othtr call
ings, and it will not do when applied to
transportation. The people of the most
favored localities, namely, those en the
conj* and along the great wster ways of
the interior, make their own best rates
with the carriers by w*er, and the rail
roads must accept this rajs as their own
fer such competitiTe IRmo, or they
cannot expect to take it; therefore there
is no reason nor justice in the idea- that
non-competitive places should be favor
tbjf considered in tale matter of rates as
Not long since Mr. Jacob Schram
made a tour of observation through Mis
sour:, Ohio and New York and other
eastern cities, in connection with the
manufacture and sale of wines. In
Missouri be found a man who annually
makes from the grapes of a small vine
yard 150,T00 gallons of what he sells for
wine. In Ohio he came across a man
rolling in wealth accumulated from the
manufacture and sale of the worst
"Blush" ever sold under tbe name of
wine. The Ohio stuff is sold in New
York at very low figures. He visited
many wholesale wine and liquor houses
in St. Louis, New York and other Eaat
ern cities and found very little pure
("alitor ia niae. Keal pure California
wine in bottles labeled as sneh oould
cot he had. It was invariably uuder a
foreign label. Most of the wine sold
under the foreign labels came from Cal
ifornia and gave entire satisfaction to
customers who pay high prices for it.
Men »ii> sold these false labels admitted
that they were doing it, and they said
they could not afford not to do it.—[St.
Helena Tim-s.
Washington, 4pril 3.—Mr. Joseph
H. Bradley died at his residence in West
Washington this afternoon, of general
debility, aged 84. He had been engaged
in conducting many of tbe most celebrat
ed rases in the District, including the
trial of Mrs. Surrat for conspiracy in the
Lincoln assassination plot.
The Pope* Bealfna.
Rom*, April 3.—The Pope has sent a
confidential communication to the Prus- \
itian Bishop* inviting suggestions * to'
.the feasibility of establishing a Nuncia
ture at Berlin for Prussia, and one Sun
' ciatare for the whole of Germany.
Gas Men Will Not Accept
Lower Wages.
Carpenters Renewing- the Strug-Rle
For an Increase in Salary
and Less Honrs.
Associated Press Disnatches to the Huui
Chicago, April 3.—Tbe Consumers'
Gas Light and Coke Company baa noti
fied its 500 employes that they mast
submit to a reduction of fifty and twenty
cents per day, threatening, it is said, to
use coal oil unless tbe men comply.
The officials of the company claim to be
able to make a fair profit when paying
the present wages of $2.50 and $2
for an eight - bonr day. They
wish the men to work twelve
hours per dsy at an advance of 50 and
40 cents. The use of coal as fuel would
dispense with 450 of 500 employees.
This afternoon the men who are mem
bers of the Kuigbt* of Labor assemblies
7448 and 6755 met and determined to
insist upon the present scale of hoars
and pay. A committee was appointed
to inform tbe company of the result of
tbe meeting.
Six thousand five hundred osrrenters
employed by tbe various contractors and
shop-owners throughout Ihe city sad
suburbs will cease work tomorrow
morning, and the building operalions of
this county will be suspended indefinite
ly. The leaders of tbe carpenters, who
have had a long struggle for
their demand of eight hours wirk
and an mcr ase of wages, decided
then to renew the contest and think that
now when the building enterpriaa is
reviving ai d carpc-ulers are wanted tbe
time has arrived to make employ cm yield.
Three months ago the Council gave no.
tico to employes that at tbe beginning of
April ihe men would demand h rty iive'
cent, an hour, eight hours to constitute
a day's work. Wages have been aver
aging twenty-five cents and hours bats)
varied between eight and ten.
The conference to arrange a settle
ment was formally requested from em
ployers but the master carpenters bare,
to all appearances, studiously ignored
the whole movement. To-day a mass
meeting of carpenters was held in
Battery "D" Armory to discuss tbe ad
visability of a general strike. Over
6000 men were present., Wjn. Kliver
President of tbe Chicago Trades Assem
bly presided. It was a secret meeting,
every man of the 6JOO having to present
his carpenter's trade card in order to
gain admission. President Kliver made
a long speech, reviewing tbe situation;
that the carp nters were tbe most
abused men in the building trades;
they were paid the lowest
wages, while their work was as
bard and indispensable as that ot
the brick layers, and masons who earned
almost double as much a year ago. Tbe
carpenters' strike was a failure simply
because their organization was weak in <
numbers and totally lacked funds. Now
they were strong and should right their
wrongs. After a similar speech
in German a resolution that all
work cease to-morrow unless the
demand was granted was , read.
Then arose W. H. Biley, a mem
ber of the Knights of Labor, District
Assembly 24, of which Robert Nelson,
the United Labor candidate for Mayor,
is the Master Workman. Riley, in a
rattling speech for a resolution, boldly
told the 6000 men listening that the
victory at the polls for the labor
ticket meant also victory for the
carpenters, and urged them to "do
their duty." He was enthusiastically
applauded. Editor Albert Curiin, Aug
ust Spies' successor as editor of the
Arbeiler Zeitung, was tbe next speaker.
The gist of Curlin's speech was that tbe
carpenters were foolish if they did not
strike when they bad such a chance.
His German hearers he said, address
ing them in their native language
should do everything in their power to
defeat Roche, the servant of the capital
ists and tbe tool of the temperance
cranks. The English speaking portion
of the audience began to grow restive
while Curiin was speakirg in German,
and cut him short with jeers and cat
calls, though the Germans applauded
At this moment Paul Grattkan, the
Milwaukee Socialist, appeared at the
entrsnce to the hall and applied for ad
mission. He showed an invitation from
the Hermans Union to address tbe
meeting. When bis presence, wss
made known to the meeting n
storm of objections arose, tbe
English-speaking element emphatically
protesting ngainst any words from bim.
The Germans seemed outraged, but de
cided to avoid discord and Grattkan
smilingly acquiesced. They were soothed
with a speech from Secretary Brennock
and a French Canadian named Beaudry.
A motion to strike was then put and
carried unanimously, with three cbeem
for Nelson and the eight-hour movement.
Tbe meeting adjourned, the men under
standing that none of them are to re
sume work until all the employers have
given in or tbe strike as a whole is de
clared a failure.
Drouth in Texas.
Galveston, April 3.—There are indi
cations of the prevalence of a serious
drouth throughout the state, affecting
in a large measure its agricultural as
well as its livostook interests. The
drouth may bo said to be tbe
continuation of last year's dry
spell, as no general rains have
fallen through tbe interior since lsat
September, while local showers have
been few and inadequate during the
past six months. The drouth now
extends over the great cotton belt,
jeopardizes the outlook for the coming
crop by retardinu and preventing plant
ing which is usually in full pro
gress at this season, but can
soarcely be said to have com
menced (except in the oonst counties)
owing to the extreme dryness of tbe
earth. Along the coast ootton is np
and reports from several points speak of
some damage by frost the past few
I'nuHdrreS at Sea.
Baltimore, Apail ;l.— The American
basa private dispatch from J. E. Pall, of
Pall & Co., fruit importers of this city,
dated from the quarantine off Status
Island, stating that the steamship Sara
gossa. owned by their firm and used as a
fruit vessel, had foundered at tea, off
the coast of Bermuda, bnt that all oa
I board were saved.
Railroad Improvements.
Our New Depot.
Impure Wines.
Death of an Old Lawyer.
NO. 164.

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