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TO TAXPAYERS. A Scrap of History for the Past Two Years. LOS ANGELES CO. ASSESSMENTS How Mr. Mason's Valuations Have Been Reduced by the State Board of Equalization. The Herald has given from time to time during the past two years discon nected statements as to how the county assessment was reduced by the State Board of Equalization at Sacramento. These accounts have referred more par ticularly to the history of 1877. The reduction of ten per cent, for 1888 has just been made and there fore but little has been said about it. It is a matter in which tax-nayers are most concerned, and, therefore, learning that Mr. Gaffey, the member of the State Board from the District of Southern Cali fornia, was in town, the Herald reporter took occasion to interview him, and also Mr. T. E. Rowan. The results are here with submitted. They will prove inter esting reading: THE INTERVIEW WITH MR. GAFFEY. Mr. Gaffey, said the reporter, the Herald received a telegram from you the other day setting forth that the assessment of the county had been re duced ten per cent, again. Will you tell me a little more in detail about the work done in our behalf before the State Board during the past two years ? In reply Mr. Gaffey said: "The total assessment of Los Angeles county iv 1887, exclusive of railroads, was $97,000, --000, Of this about $76,000,000 was on real estate. The Board of Supervisors, represented by its Chairman, Mr. T. E. Bowan, and Supervisor Venable, came before the State Board aud asked for a reduction of twenty per cent. Mr. Sloss, the member of the State Board from San Francisco, had visited the county with me and had become convinced that the Assessor had taken the boom prices asjhe basis of his assessment. Mr. Dunn, partly from his own knowledge and convinced very largely I believe by the clear and con vincing statements of Messrs. Rowan and Venable, voted with Mr. Sloss and my self and we got a reduction of 10 i>er cent. No other counties were reduced in '87 although I tried to get a reduction for the counties of San Diego, Santa Barbara, Ventura and San Bernardino believing that the assessors of all those counties had taken the boom as the basis of the assessment. San Diego and Los Angeles, however, were the counties that needed reduction most." "What do you mean by boom prices?" "The revenue law of California re quires all property to be assessed at its full cash value, and the State courts have defined cash value to mean what the property would be taken for for a just debt from a solvent debt or. You can fix the values of land for ordinary purposes by two things, either the selling prices or the produc ing capacity of the property. Of course, daring ordinary times, the producing capacity fixes the selling price but in a county where a boom exists the producing capacity is entirely lost sight of, as ninety per cent, of the purchases are made for speculative purposes. "If you will now consider that in Northern California, where, excepting in a few isolated cases, no boom exists or has existed for many years most of the are necessarily based on the producing capacity, while in Southern California a full-fledged boom has existed for the past five years and nearly all of the sales kave been speculative ones, you will readily see that comparison of sales with assessments in Northern California might show an assessment of 90 per cent., while the same comparison in the Southern counties might only show 60 per cent., yet the lat ter assessment might be higher than the former because based on boom prices, which in many cases were four or even five times greater than the producing capacity of the property would justify. What part of State taxes do we pay ? In 1887 sixty-four per cent of the total increase in the State was in the four southern counties, and if you add in San Francisco, five counties of the state con tributed seventy-five per cent of the total increase. In 1888, out of the total increase in the State, the counties of Los Angeles, Fresno, Santa Barbara, San Bernardino, San Diego, Tulare and Kern with a total Droperty valuation of about $259,000,000 contributed fifty per cent, of the total increase in the State. That is to Bay the seven southern counties con taining less than one-fourth of all the property in the State contributed one half of all the increase for the year 1888. "It would be a safe estimate to say that in those counties eighty per cent, of the increase has been in real estate values, proving very conclusively that the assessors of those counties had taken the boom prices as the basis for making their assessment." "Do you mean that our boom is un real?" "I do not wish to be taken for a pessi mist as to the future of Southern Califor nia, for I believe it to be not only the garden-spot of California, but the choi cest place on earth. The trouble is that people went wild over speculations, and the development of our agri cultural and mineral resources has not kept pace with the raise in land values. The future, however, I believe will justify the foresight and enterprise of those who have invested here." "What should assessors do?" "For the present, in counties where a boom exists the Assessors should be careful, and make a conservative assess ment, and should not be led away by any wild craze which may exist in their counties. Tbe assessment should be based not on what some wild-cat speculator would be willing to give for property— bnt what a good business man would take tbe property for a just debt from a solvent debtor—"The Boards of Super visors should carefully examine the roll and endeavor to correct any injustice done and if they take the same pains to put their case before the State Board, as Tom Rowan and Mr. Venable did, the injustice, if any exists, will be corrected. What other counties were reduced ? In the cases of Santa Clara and Fresno, which were each reduced 10 per cent., it was the belief of a majority of the State Board of Equalization that the Assessors had been carried away by the real-estate craze and had assessed their counties higher than the remaining counties of the State. "Of course you will understand that in any views I may express on the matter or manner of assessing 1 speak only for myself, and the remaining members might differ very widely from me." This year I had very little hope of get ting areduction for this county, aud had THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD: THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 20, 1888. almost abandoned the idea, but the mas terly manner in which Kowan presented the case of the county convinced a ma jority of the Board that the reduction was necessary, and we got it. WHAT MR. ROWAN SAYS. Following him up, the reporter found Mr. Rowan in his office, and explaining what he was doing, asked the President of the Board of Supervisors what he knew about getting assessments re duced. The interview opened thus: "Mr. Rowan," said the Herald reporter, "the dispatches have announced that the State Board of Equalization has reduced Los Angeles county ten per cent. As you represented the county at Sacramento, and as our citizens all take a great interest in the matter, will you kindly explain what effect the reduction will have on the county?" "I had hoped," said Mr. Rowan, "that for this year at least I had got through with any further discussion of assess ments, but any information I can convey to you on the subject I will be pleased to give. The immediate effect on the county will be a reduction of ten per cent on everything except money and solvent credits. That is to say the owners of all other classes of property excepting money and solvent credits will now pay ninety cents in State taxes where " they would have to pay a dollar without the reduction. '"The assessment of 1888 placed the taxable property of Los Angeles County subject to reduction, at $110,008,000. I The reduction will leave it at $09,007,120 to which must be added money and sol vent credits and railroad assess ments or in all about $103,000,000, and result in saving to the county the net sum of $56,000. When the assessment roll was turned over to the Board of Supervisors we found, after a close examination, that the solid busi ness and agricultural property of the county had been assessed on the basis of the boom prices to which speculators had brought imaginary town sites,etc.The rev enue law of California does not allow the County Supervisors, sitting as a Board of Equalization, to lower the county as a whole, and we could consequently orly deal with individual cases of inequality. The time of the Board was limited and the evil general and widespread, so that, after consulta tion, we decided that we would rectify as far as lay in our power the inequal ities between individual taxpayers and make a fight before the State Board of Equalization for a general reduction of twenty per cent. "The fight for reduction was a loDg and bitter one. Contra Costa county was the only county that had ever been re duced and the policy and traditions of the Sacramento equalizers seemed to be all opposed to a reduction of any kind, no matter how glaring the injustice. Their idea of equalization seems to be to raise all the time, without any idea of equalizing the inequalities existing be tween the different counties of the State. Their mode of collecting data is simply ridiculous, as it seems to be left to the whim or prejudice of each member as to bow, where and when he shall collect it. And it really seems to me that the first thing the" Legislature c f California ought to turn its attention to is to equalize the State Board of Equaliz ation by either wiping it out of existence or prescribing some positive rules for col lecting the data by which a couuty shall be judged. As it is now constituted it is like a bull in a china shop. Information seems to be sought after the manner of detectives and ex aminations which should be characterized by the formality and dignity of a high court of justice are carried on more like the proceeding cf a second-class police court. ''I speak plainly and I will admit with j feeling on this Subject," said Mr. Rowan, "as I was compelled to tell Mr. Moore house this year in open Board that the people of Southern California expected nothing from him as his bias and preju dice against us was too apparent. But you got what you went after ? Yes in 1887 Mr. Venable and myself appeared before the State Board and we got a reduction of ten per cent, by which the county was benefited about $05,000 in State taxes. In 1888 Mr. Mason made a more equal assessment, but still too high, and we were again forced to throw ourselves on ' the mercy of the "Northern Citrus Belt." as Southern California has only one member on the Board of Equalization and thank God we got relief. The Assessor, Mr. Mason, encountered great difficulty in 1887 because of the sudden increase in values and also be cause of the many resubdivisions of land, which caused the unknown owner list to increase to an enormous extent, viz: many thousands; and our difficul ties in equalizing were increased ac cordingly. Rapid Transit Company Will run excursions from No. 7 Arcadia street every day, commencing September 17th to September 24th inclusive, for Odd Fellows and their friends for half lair, to Monrovia aud way stations. Leaven No 7 Arcadia street at 7:40 and 9:40 a.m. and 3:30 and 5:20 p. H. This road runs through the most beautiful part of tho San Gabriel valley, through large vineyard and orange groves. W. N. MONItOR, General Manager. Painless Dental Parlors. No. 24 South Spring street. All dental opera tions performed painlessly. We make a specialty of gold fillings, gold, aluminum aud continuous gum plate work, also gold crown, porcelain, brown aud bridge work. We use the "Improved Vitalized Air" for the painless extraction of teeth. Prices reasonable. Office hours from 8 A. M. to 5:30 p. m. Evenings from 7 to 9. Cure For Melt Headache. If you want a remedy for billiousness, blotches and pimples on the face, and a sure cure for sick headrache, call at C. H. nance's, the Druggist, 79 North Spring street. Dr. Qunn's Liver Pills; only one for a dose, sample free: full box 25 cents. Dealers and Consumers of Beer Will find It to their advantage to call on Phila delphia Brewery, AUso street, for the best lager or steam-beer, good on draught for weeks at lowest prices. Bottled lager $1.20 per dozen, tf bottles returned. Delivered to any part of the city. Telephone 91. Great Auction Sale. $15,000 of boots and shoes at A. S. McDon ald's, No. 46 North Spriug sreet We a'e over stocked with goods and must r acriflce in order to make room far fall stock. Auction sale commencing Friday evening, September 21st, at ti 30 p. *~ continuing every evening until sold. H.H.MATLOCK, Auctioneer. New Arrivals. Everything in our line that a good house keeper wants forthe table at Donahue's Grocery House, 205 South Spring. Physicians say that Hungarian food Is ex ceedingly Tiourisnlng. It can be found at the Vienna Buffet, cor. Main and Requena streets. BARNETT & CO., tbe only exclusive whole sale cigar and tobacco house in the city, corner of Las Angeles and Commercial streets. Smoke "Tansill's Punch" And be happy. Fine imported, Key West and domestic cigars, lo North Spring st. Strangers and visit ors never fail to meet friends at the Vienna Buffet, corner Main and Requena streets. Goto the American Bakery, corner of First and Main streets, for the best broad, cream cakes, plea. etc. "Tansill's Punch" 5c. Cigar. 10 North Spring st. IIIS< I I I fNFIH S. Los Angeles and San Diego REAL ESTATE AGENCY, No. 1 Nortb Fort Street (Board of Trade Building). gMnT~ Free Carriage to show Property. flave for Sale— Alfalfa Lands, Fruit Farms, stock Farms and Ranches, Suburban Resilience*. Hundred! of Choice Busiuess aud Residence Lots. 15 Four-room Houses. 20 Five-room Houses. 10 Bi.\-room Houses 15 Seven-room Houses. 10 Eight-room Houses. 7 Nine-room Houses (> Ten-room Houses 6 Eleven-room Houses 5 Twelve-room Houses. Have to Rent- Along list of houses in every part of the city. For Exchange - Improved and unimproved California for Eastern property. Houses rented. If you want to sell or exchange property, come and see us. We take pleasure in describing and showing property, snd if you don't find any thing to suit you there will be no harm done. aul2 2m A CALIFORNIA DISCOVERY. The parasites, of which we give cut below, di*> covered by us, are the direct cause of Catarrh and Consumption, also many other diseases,. Magnified 560 Times. Imaiin" millions of these animalcule in the nose, throat and lungs, as well as the minute eustachian tubes leading from the bank part of tho throat to the middle ear, and you will imagine ;ho misery they can produce. Thou sands are swallowed when the patient is asleep, causing kidney and liver trouble, headache, blood poison, generaldebiilty, etc. We have a specific for destroying them and expelling the poison from tho blood. Use the CALIFORNIA POSI TIVE ANO NEGATIVE ELECTRIC COUCH ANO CONSUMPTION CURE to take and the CALIFORNIA POSITIVE AND NECATIVE ELECTRIC LINIMENT to apply, and if the stomach is bad, use Iho CALIFORNIA POSITIVE AND NECATIVE ELECTRIC SYSTEM BUILDER it builds up tho system aud purifies tha poisoned blood. They are manufactured from roots,herbs and flowers that grow in Califoruia, aud arc safe for child ren. They never fail. "The Cough Cure is ex cellent for Coughs Colds, Croup, 4c, no chil.i will ever g diewith croup when this is JT f d8625P5 c used. OurLiuimcutkillspaiiiH '.-f r instantly. See ourVrade Mark <j) (3f/]Hkwßf? M on every wrapoer. Sold by ,3, TfigAjl**"J 2 all druggists. w KaMfciLAt S Creasinwr & Co.. Props. ' LOS itNCILES. CALIFORNIA. J —SEE THE— jewel m GRAND. The Latest aud Best Gasoline Stove Made, DIALERS IN STOVES, TINWARE, HARDWARE, OIL AND GASOLINE. Plumbing, Hoofing and Jobbing. daman & PanU2 & 14 Commercial St. Branch, cor. Fifth and Spring. sis lm W.R. BLACKMAN, PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT AND AUDITOR, Fellow of the American Associa tion of Public Accountants. Land, Water, Company and Corporation Books opened and adapted to special require ments, Office—Rooms 16 and 17, 117 New High Street, Los Augeles. sepl -3m NOTICE. Notice ii hereby given that the partnership heietofore existing in the City of Los Angeles, under the name and style of Blackman 4 Forbes, is this day dissolved. W. R. BLACKMAN. Los Augeles, Cal., September 13,1888. sl4 7t 0. B. FULLER & CO., 'Successors to McLaln 4 Lehman.) PIONEER Truck- and Transfer Co. No. 3. Market St. LOS ANGELES, CAL. BAF7 AND PIANO MOVING, ALL KINDS OF TRUCK WORK. TSLEPHONE 137. sapl-2m TO THE UNFORI UN ATA. ness, Impotency and Lost Manhood permanent ly cured. The sick and afflicted should not fail to call upon him. The Doctor has traveled ex tensively in Europe' and inspected thoroughly the various hospitals there, obtaining a great deal of valuable information, which he Is com ?etent to Impart to those in need of his services, he Doctor cares where others faU. Try him DR. GIBBON will make no charge nnless he effects a cure. Persons at s distance CURED AT HOME. All communications strictly confiden tial. All letters answered in plain envelopes, Send ten dollars for a package of medicine! Call or write. Address DR. J.F. GIBBON, Box 1957, San Francisco, Cal. Mention Los Angeles Herald. 07-l POLITICAL HARDS. Superior Judge. H. K. S. O'MELVENY, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Democratic nom inee for Superior Judge, lone term. Assemblyman, Seventy-Sixth District. S. A. WALDRON, Of Santa Monica, is the regular Democratic nominee for Assemblyman for the Seventy-Sixth District. Senator, Thirty-Ninth District. VICTOR MONTGOMERY, Of Santa Ana, Democratic nominee for Senator, Thirty-Ninth District. District Attorney. HON. J. R. DUPUY Of Los Angeles, is the regular Democratic nom inee for District Attorney. Couuty Clerk. H. S. PARCELS, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Democratic nom inee for County Clerk. Sheriff. T. E. ROWAN, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Democratic nom inee for Sheriff. County Treasurer. GEN. E. E. HEWITT, Of Los Augeles, is the regular Democratic uoni inee for Couuty Treasurer. County Auditor. C. E. J. WHITE, Is the regular Democratic nominee for County Auditor. County Recorder. GEO HERRMANN, Of Pasadena, is the regulir Democratic nom inee for County Recorder. Couuty Tax Collector. OMRI BULLIS, Of Compton, is the regular Democratic nom inee for County Tax Collector. County Surveyor. S. H. FINLEY, Of Santa Ana, is the regular Democratic nom inee for County Surveyor. Public Administrator. S LEVY, Of Los Augeles, is the regular Democratic nom inee for Public Administrator. Coroner JOHN L. McCOY, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Democratic nom inee for Coronet. Supervisor, second District. A. OSTHOFF Is the regular Democratic nominee for Super visor, Second District. City Justice. O. H. VIOLET, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Democratic nom inee for City Justice, sheriff. MARTIN AGUIRRE, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Republican nom inees for Sheriff. County Clerk. CHARLES H. DUNSMOOR, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Republican nom inee for County Clerk. County Recorder. J. W. FRANCIS, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Republican nom inee for Couuty Recorder. County Tax Collector. ROBERT S. PLATT, Of Los Augeles, is the regular Republican nor n for Tax Collector Assembly man—Seventy-seventh District. J. M. DAMRON, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Republican nom inee for Assemblyman.Seveuty seventh District. Township Justice. THEODORE SAVAGE, Of Los Angeles, Is the Republican nominee for Township Justice. Public Administrator. D. W. FIELD, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Republican nom inee for Public Administrator. City Justice. H. C. AUSTIN, Of Los Angeles, is the reguHr Republican nom inee for City Jusfi' c. City Justice. W. C. LOCKWOOD, Of Los Angeles, is the regular Republican nom inee for City Justice. au4td Constable. H. S. CLEMENT, Is the regular Republican nominee for Con stable. Constable. FRED. C. SMITH, Is the regular Republican nominee for Con stable ED GERMAIN, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL LIQUOR STORE, Has Removed! —TO— 122 SOUTH SPRING ST. TELEPHONE 110. "COAL ! S. F. WELLINGTON AND WALMEID. FOB SALE BY J. J. MELLUS, WHOLESALE AMD RETAIL. jDtjT-Yard. corner Second and Alameda sts. Office, 231 Los Angeles street TELEPHONE SO. 100. SpStl TELEPHONE 84. Plumbing and Gas Fitting S. M. PERRY, —DEALER IN — FIXTURES, Plumbing Goods, Rubber How, Water Pipe, Sewer Pipe, etc. Tin Booflng and General Jobbing on short notice 30 South Main St., Los Ange'«s, 815 6m EVAN E. EVANS, Shirt Manufacturer and Men's Outfitter, HAS REMOVED 110 soutTspring ST., • OPPOSITE NADEAU HOTEL. si lm Furniture FOR PARLOR, CHAMBER, HALL, OFFICE, DINING ROOM, LIBRARY. Folding Beds In all kinds of woods, in any style of finish, in endless variety, from the the very finest to the very cheapest. Carpets, Wiltons, Moquettes, Velvets, Body Brussels, Tapestries, In grains, Linoleums, Oil Cloth, Mattings, Rugs, Art Squares. Draperies, Silk and Lace Curtains, Por tieres, Plushes and Furniture Coverings. Largest Stock! Lowest Prices! LOS ANGELES FURNITURE COMPANY, 250-261 N. Main St., opp. Baker 810ck..,,. ROUSE & CURTIS, General Commission Merchants, AND DEALERS IN POTATOES, ONIONS, BEANS. BUTTER, CHEESE, EGGS, POULTRY, ETC. POTATOES IN OAR LOTS A SPECIALTY. 110 Dpper Main Street and 539 North Main Street, LOS ANGELES, CAL. CONSIGNMENTS SOLICITED. TELEPHONE NO. 881. aug29-12m GOLD MEDAL AWARDED AT MECHANICS FAIR, SAN FRANCISCO. E, C. GARRATT, 13 Llewellyn Feed Water BH Purifier and Heater for No. 3 X. Main St.. WmS^SES* TOwtT "Ifla BRASS GOODS, los angeles. Pumps and Machinery Hooker's Patent Direct-Acting Steam Pumps. Water and Gas Gates Garratt's Jack Head Mining Pump. Garratt's Patent Fire Hydrants. Single and Double-Acting Hand Pumps. Water, Gas and Hydraulio Pine Boilers and Steam Pumps combined. Cast and Malleable Iron Fittings. Special Pumps for Wine, Oil and Acids. . Church and School Bells. Gates' Lubricator and Lonergan Oilers. Mills and Engineers' Suudllcs Richards' Centrifugal Pumps lor irrigation. Phosphor B?onsfand CaTtlngs. Hydraulic Rams. | Ingot Copper and Metals. Do not order your Machinery until yon see GARRATT, at No. 3 N. Alain St.. ■.•» Angeles, and get his prices. slfi lm Offer Extraordinary for Investment Forty Lots in Los Aneeles City for $8,000. ? °. f s S hmldt ,'i' r « et - 'rontlng 1,211 feet on Stevenson aye. All lots 1< 3 feet deep to 19-foot alley and 52,60 and 130 feet front. Gentle slope to sonth and east. Stevenßon aye. has been brought to offloiel grade at an expense of 825,000. Lots from one to three feet above the street. Termß naif cash, balance one year, 1 n per cent., mortgagee paying taxes. 1 Lot 50x140, north side College Street; street irraded; $1,100. Lot 47, Block 4, Howes Tract, $400. Corner Lot 18, Block "B," Bird Tract, $600. Land and Water in Crescenta Canada, at $100 per acre. (The home of tha Orsnpe and Cherry.) Land an 3 Water in San Jose Ranch at low rates. Land in Puente Rancho, with Water, at $150 per acre. Easy terms, ccc. 31, Tp. 7 N., R. 12 W., at $5 per acre. leans easy. M. l 7 WICKS, Corner Court House and Main Streets, Los Anaeles. CaL * s7 2m '